Skip to main content

Full text of "A History of Hatfield, Massachusetts, in Three Parts: I. An Account of the Development of the ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 


A?-? ^5. 5". 5" 

^arbarti College library 



One half the income from thb Lcgaqr, which wm re- 
ceived in i88o under the trill of 

of Walthara, MaMachtt«ettt, bto be expended for books 
for the CoU^ Librarj. The other hnlf of the income 
k deroted to •choUrthips in Harrard Univertitj for the 
bcneflt of dctcendaata of 

irho died at Wntertotrn, MuMchnactta, in 1686. In the 
abecnce of rach detcendants, other pefMnt are eligible 
to the tcholarthipe. The irill requires that thb annovnce- 
ment thail be made In ererj book added to the Library 
under ite prorlslont. 


Hatfielh Main Street. 

^^ A HISTORY OF '''" 




I. Aa Account of the Developmeat of the Social and Induttrial Life 

of the To WD from iti Fine Settlement. 

II. Tbe HouBc* and Homei of Hatfield, with Personal ReminiaceDcei 
of tbe Men and WomcQ Who Have Lived there during the Lait 

One Hundred Ycari; Brief Hiitoricai Accounti of the 

Religioue Socieliea and of Smith Academy; 

Statiatical Tables, etc. 

IIL Genealoliei of the Pamiliei of the First Selllert. 




^. ^■. 

_ ' "\ -: ■-■ P' — '-^y ' 



■-/ A 

>. * 


I ♦. . 

^TT^jR kV 


.»v •» 

. '•X , 

Copyright, 1910, 
By Reuben F. Wells. 



Preface 7-9 

Introduction 11-15 

Part I. — The History of Hatfield. 

Chapter I. — A Chapter of Beginnings. The Migration from the Coast 

to the Connecticut Valley 19-28 

Chapter H. — A Chapter of Preparation. The Pioneers 29-38 

Chapter III, — A Chapter of Foundations. The Street and House 

Lots, Division of Meadows, Mill and Meeting 39-49 

Chapter IV. — A Chapter of Conflict. The Struggle Leading to the 

Incorporation of Hatfield 50-56 

Chapter V. — A Chapter of Establishment. The Incorporation of the 

Town and the Foundation of the Church 57-64 

Chapter VI. — A Period of Growth and of Preparation for the Indian 

Wars, 1670-1675 65-74 

Chapter VII. — King Philip's War, 1675-6, and the Indian Massacre 

of 1677 75-98 

Chapter VIII. — A Period of Peace, 1677-1688. A Time of Important 

Beginnings. The Revolution of 1688 99-115 

Chapter IX. — King William's War, 1688-1698. Progress in the Town. 

Purchase of the Denison Farm. The "Hatfield Addition" 116-130 

Chapter X. — Another Period of Peace, 1698-1703. The Purchase of 

the Bradstreet Farm. Building the Second Meetinghouse 131-138 

Chapter XI. — Manners and Customs of the Seventeenth Century 139-148 

Chapter XII. — Queen Anne's War, 1703-1713. An Interval of Peace. 

Father Rasle's War, 1722-1725 149-165 

Chapter XIII. — A Period of Great Prosperity, 1725-1765. The Golden 

Age. Prominent and Influential Citizens 166-178 

Chapter XIV.— A Period of Strife, 1765-1789. The Revolutionary 

War. The Ely Insurrection. Shays's Rebellion 179-201 

Chapter XV. — Life in Hatfield at the Close of the Eighteenth Cen- 
tury .'^Sa-T^Ti 



CnAiTKR XVI.— A Long Period of Peace and Prosperity, 1800-1861. 

Industrial Changes. Immigration 214-224 

Cii.MTKR XVII.— The Civtt War, 1861-1865 225-233 

Ch.aitkr XVI it.— a Period of Qianges, 1865-1910 234-243 

Part II. — Rkmixisckxcks and Historical Sketches. 

1. — Kctninisccnccs of Samuel 1). Partridge 247-292 

II. — Keminiscences of Daniel W. Wells 293-342 

I II. — History of the Religious Societies 343-349 

IV. — The Smith Family and the Institutions Founded by Them 350-362 

V. — The Development of the Manufacturing Industries Since the Civil 

War 363-365 

I\\RT III. — Family Genealocies. 

Allis i-amily 369-371 

Harjlwfll I-'amily 371-374 

Beldin}{ or HeUien h'amily 374-v^7S 

MilliuRs l-'amily ' 379-3S4 

Mrown l-'amily 3S4 

Cowies l-amily 384-386 

Curti.s l-amily 386-388 

Dickin>on I-amily 388-396 

Field l-amily 396-406 

I-'itoh l-'amily 406-407 

I'Vary h'amily 407-40P 

C Jerry l-'amily . . . 409 

<iraves l'*a!nil\ 409-417 

I lastinvis l''amii\ 417-420 

lluM.ard l-amil.N 420-422 

LtMikrlev l"'amilv 423 

Mai^li I'amily l First l-'amily ) 423 

^ Second Family ) 424-425 

Morton l-'amily k l-'irst I'amily) 426-431 

I Svcnml Family ) 431 

Partri.iuv l-'amily 431-433 

Portor l-".imiiy 433-436 

Smith l-\iniil> 436-44<) 

StriMiji l-'amil> 440-441 

Wai'a- FamilN 442-444 

WariK-r l\i:inl> 444-447 

WolN l-amih 447-451 

Wins- !\.-ni!> . 451-455 

A rr » \ : r \ 457-4% 

?\l't \ . . 4 ^7-5y^ 



Hatfield Main Street Frontispiece 

An Old Indian Deed 26 

The Connecticut River at Hatfield 34 

A View in the Meadows 36 

One of Hatfield's Oldest Houses 44 

A Comer of the Old Burying Ground 62 

A Page from the Proprietors' Records — Earmarks of the Cattle 70 

"September 19, 1677," 91 

A View on Middle Lane 129 

The Curve of the Hatfield Street 142 


Old-Time Furniture 145 

A Corner Cupboard 171 

Dr. Joseph Lyman and Mrs. Lyman 181 

The Hubbard Tavern 196 

Lieut, and Mrs. David' Billings 197 

Map of Hatfield in 1795 204 

Ruins of an Old-Fashioned Chimney 210 

The Dr. Daniel White Tavern 215 

A Tobacco Field 221 

Town Officers During the Civil War 226 

Rev. John M. Greene, D.D 228 

An Onion Storage Warehouse 235 

Samuel H. and Caleb Cooley Dickinson 2Z1 

Rev. Robert McEwen Woods, D.D 242 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel D. Partridge 246 

"The Jenny Lind Elm" 259 

"The Old Elm" 261 

House Built by Lieut David Billings 272 

Doorway of the John Dickinson House 275 

The Oldest House in Town 286 

Memorial Hall and the Congregational Church 296 

The Birthplace of Sophia Smith 305 

A View on Elm Street 309 

Negro Cabin on the Road to Northampton 313 

St. Joseph's Church 348 

Office Furniture of Oliver Smith ^^V 



Sophia Smith 353 

Smith Academy 356 

The Lathe Shop 363 

The Gun Shop 364 

Elijah Bardwell 372 

Reuben Belden 372 

Mr. and Mrs. Sanford S. Belden 378 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles Morris Billings 381 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph D. Billings 382 

Mr. and Mrs. Lucius G. Curtis 387 

Mr. and Mrs. William Dickinson 393 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Frary 408 

Mr. and Mrs. Solomon Graves 411 

Mr. and Mrs. Levi Graves 412 

Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan S. Graves 414 

Mr. and Mrs. Justin Hastings 419 

Mr. and Mrs. Roswcll Hubbard 421 

Mr. and Mrs. Moses Morton 427 

Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan Porter 434 

Mr. and Mrs. James \V. Warner 446 

Mr. and Mrs. Elisha Wells 449 

Views of Hatfield. England 462 


The publication of a history of Hatfield has been urged 
many times by those interested in the subject, but nothing 
more formal than historical sketches has heretofore ap- 
peared. With the assistance of my father, Daniel W. Wells, 
who for more than thirty years has been engaged in gene- 
alogical and antiquarian researches and who has contributed 
the genealogies and part of the reminiscences for this work, 
I have undertaken to bring together the various threads into 
something that shall form a record of the life in Hatfield for 
the last two hundred and fifty years. 

The field has not been wholly unexplored, and the sketch 
of the town contributed to the **Historv of the Connecticut 
Valley'' by Silas G. Hubbard and Dr. J. G. Holland's account 
in his **History of Western Massachusetts,'' as well as the 
contributions to periodical literature that have appeared from 
time to time, have been of great assistance. No student of 
the early history of the towns of the Connecticut valley can 
fail to appreciate the value of the painstaking research of 
Sylvester Judd, both in his **History of Hadley" and the 
collection of his unpublished manuscript now in the Forbes 
Library in Northampton. We are indebted to him for both 
historical and genealogical material. The accurate scholar- 
ship of the veteran Deerfield historian, George Sheldon, has 
also been of great aid in the story of the Indian wars. He 
has very kindly given help and suggestion during the prog- 
ress of my work. I have also made use of Trumbull's 
^'History of Northampton'* and the two histories of the town 
of Whately by Temple and Crafts. 

Wherever possible, however, it has been my aim to con- 
sult original sources for the purpose of verification. These 
original sources are the archives of the states of Massachu- 
setts, Connecticut, and New York, the public records of the 
towns from which the early settlers came and of neighboring 


towns, — those of greatest importance being those of Hadley 
and Hatfield, — the Court records of Hampshire and Hamp- 
den counties, letters, account books, diaries, newspapers 
(since 1787, when the Hampshire Gazette was founded), and 
contemporary accounts such as are in several instances 
quoted in these pages. Among the most interesting and 
valuable descriptions of the life in the early part of the last 
century are the reminiscences of Samuel D. Partridge, which 
are incorporated in full in this history by permission of his 

From these many sources the task has been one of com- 
pilation of a connected account of the development of the 
town, the weighing and sifting of evidence where records or 
accounts conflicted, and the pursuit of clues to elusive facts. 
Accuracy has been the aim, but further investigation or 
discovery may cause a change in some of the statements and 
possibly mistakes have occurred in transcribing in some 
instances. A great deal of matter has necessarily been 
omitted, it is hoped nothing of vital importance. Traditional 
evidence has not been wholly neglected, though it is not well 
to place too much faith in oral tradition, especially where it 
has been handed down for several generations. 

In some matters relating to the history of later years 
reliance has been placed on the memory of people who were 
witnesses of things of which no written record can be found. 
To mention all who have assisted in this way would be to 
present a long list. Thanks are here given to all who have 
in any way assisted in the preparation of this work. All 
custodians of public archives have been very courteous in 
putting the information in their control at my disposal. 

To Lewis H. Kingsley and Vernet H. Keller, both of 
Hatfield, I am indebted for loan of photographs for many of 
the illustrations. The pictures of former citizens were 
secured from members of their families. The drawing repre- 
senting the Indian attack of Sept. 19, 1677, is the work of 
Miss A. Marie Elder of Chester. The facsimile of the old 
Indian deed was obtained from the Hall of Records in 
Springfield; the other facsimiles from the Hatfield records. 
Some of the portrait cuts were loaned by Rev. C. A. Wight 
of Chicopee Falls. 

Whatever the future mav have in store, the historv of the 


first two hundred and fifty years is a record of which the 
inhabitants of Hatfield may well be proud, and it is with a 
feeling of reverence that these chronicles have been written. 
While emphasis has been placed on times and events that 
seemed of greatest importance to the writer or of more 
striking prominence, the idea of a truthful, well-balanced 
account has been kept in mind constantly, with no attempt 
to minimize uncreditable performances or unduly exalt he- 
roic achievements. It will be noted that no period has been 
termed the modern period. "We see dimly in the present 
what is great and what is small/* says Lowell, and with this 
in mind the events of the last half century have been only 
lightly touched upon, for no proper perspective can be gained 
at such short range. What we call modern to-day may be 
called old-fashioned to-morrow, and if the study of the past 
has revealed anything, it is the fact that the men and women 
who made Hatfield's history, at whatever day they lived, 
were always abreast of or in advance of their times. 


Hatfield, Massachusetts, May, 1910. 


The history of^a town is the story of the lives of its 
inhabitants, the rearing of the structure upon the foundations 
laid bv the first settlers. The aim of this volume is to trace 
the development of the social and industrial life of the people 
of Hatfield, two phases which are so closely interwoven 
that no attempt has been made to separate them, the chapter 
on the industries of the town in Part II. being merely a 
gathering together of loose threads in a connected account 
in a special place and the treatment of the development of 
certain phases of the industrial life. So with the chapters 
on the history of religious societies; they are very fit- 
tingly a part of the town history into the narrative of which 
they enter in large degree, but it seemed best to devote a 
space to separate treatment of the subject. In a broad 
sense the development of the religious life of a community 
so far as it finds outward expression is as much a part of its 
history as the social and industrial, and as hard to sepa- 

A characteristic of the town of Hatfield has been a unity 
of spirit and harmony of action during its whole two hundred 
and fifty years of existence, in spite of many differences of 
opinion. Its founders were men of pronounced views, differ- 
ing widely from some of their neighbors: they held firmly 
to these views, but thev contended onlv when conflict seemed 
unavoidable. Every issue once joined has been squarely 
met and fought to a decisive finish. 

The movement that led to the foundation of the town 
was separatist in its nature, inevitable under the circum- 
stances, a continuation of the separatist movement that 
peopled Massachusetts Bay with English colonists. The 
removal was accomplished after struggle and with diffi- 
culty. The incorporation of the town was the inevi- 
table result of a division, partly geographical, but reallY 


more fundamental in its origin. After a hard fought fight 
Hadley and Hatfield separated, but even at that day the 
real issue was only one of the time when the separation 
should take place, and their citizens, mindful of a common 
ancestry and history, have since worked loyally together 
for mutual protection and mutual improvement, though 
sometimes their private interests have clashed. 

Nor did the dividing process cease with the incorporation 
of Hatfield. At a later date Whately and Williamsburg 
were set off from Hatfield — without a struggle — and con- 
tinued as separate towns the development in the beginnings 
of which Hatfield settlers played an important part. The 
restless and adventurous spirit characteristic of all Xew 
Englanders led many Hatfield men to identify themselves 
with new and growing communities throughout the western 
part of the colony. 

Within the town itself and among the permanent res- 
idents differences of opinion over many vital matters have 
been reconciled without serious difficulty, even when at 
times party feeling ran high, notably during the war for 
independence and at the time of Shays's rebellion. To 
what this is due we make no assured answer, but certainly 
two factors are of importance, the common sense and 
discretion of the inhabitants of the town, noticeable in each 
generation, and the character of the leaders of thought and 
action. The democratic principle of majority rule has 
always guided, with the rights of the minority usually 
conceded and respected, while the minority party has 
yielded as gracefully as possible to the situation. With 
friction to a large degree eh'minated, the progress of the 
town along all lines has been steadily forward with few 
periods of decline. 

The leaders in affairs civil and ecclesiastical have been 
courageous and determined men, of good judgment and 
firm faith, upright in life and conscientious in the perform- 
ance of duty, who have commanded the res])ect of their 
fellow townsmen so that their leadership was followed. 
Comparatively few have been figures of state or national 
importance, but if their field of service was limited and 
their place among the rank and file, they grasped the 
op])ortunity before them and served in the ranks to the 


best of their ability. Good sergeants and corporals are as 
necessary to the army as the commissioned officers. 

As the wave of national expansion that peopled a conti- 
nent swept westward its crest bore Hatfield men, descend- 
ants of those first settlers who in their generation brought 
to the western part of the Commonwealth the free insti- 
tutions that had been established in the little fringe of towns 
along the coast — not conspicuous leaders, but men who bore 
their share of the burden. Among the pioneers to the central 
part of New York state were William Allis and John 
Billings; the building up of the Western Reserve was aided 
by Dickinsons, Graves, and Whites; to the fertile prairies 
of Illinois went some of the Mortons. Across the ]\Iissis- 
sippi the prosperous city of St. Louis numbered among 
its citizens Arthur and Joseph Billings, George Cutter 
and others, while manv other western states have received 
recruits from the little town by the banks of the Con- 
necticut. The rush to the gold fields of California. Dakota, 
and Alaska attracted Hatfield men and some have pushed 
on to the shores of island possessions. Still more dis- 
tant parts have shared the influence. Much of the 
wealth of Hatfield farms has gone to distant lands to spread 
the gospel of Christ and men and women trained in its 
schools have labored in "India's coral strand" and the 
islands of the sea. 

In men and women of distinction the town has not been 
lacking. The heroic deeds of Benjamin Waite and his 
companion Stephen Jennings are worthy of high place 
among the annals of colonial warfare against the Indians. 
Col. Samuel Partridge was "the most important man in 
Western Massachusetts after the death of Col. Pvnchon 
[of Springfield] in 1703.'' Col. Israel Williams, "ye mon- 
arch of Hampshire'' and one of "the river gods,'' was at one 
time commander of all the western troops in the campaign 
against the French and Indians. Rev. Joseph Lyman, 
pastor of the church from 1772 to 1828, was a man ol 
intense patriotism, who exerted more than local influence in 
the struggle against Great Britain. Hon. John Hastings 
served as representative in the provincial and state legis- 
latures almost continuously from 1775 to 1807. 

In the field of education the town has been especially 


prominent, furnishing the founders of two colleges, Wil- 
liams and Smith, and early presidents of two other colleges, 
Elisha Williams, third president of Yale College, and 
Jonathan Dickinson, first president of the institution in 
New Jersey that became Princeton. Part of the wealth 
that established Smith College set up Smith Academy in 
Hatfield. The founder of Smith's school in Northampton 
planned for agricultural education and industrial training 
long before these had become prominent in the school 
svstem of the state. 

The Smith Charities and the Dickinson Hospital in 
Northampton relieve the want and suffering of many from 
neighboring towns, including not a few born far from the 
shores of America. 

The list might be continued farther, but enough has 
been given to show the important contributions to the life 
of the larger social organizations of which the town forms 
a unit. The following pages record the part played by its 
citizens in all the conflicts which have torn this nation. 
Hatfield has performed willingly its full duty in all the 
wars for liberty, for the defense of home and fireside, and 
for the rights of the oppressed. 

But in the main the history of the town is one of peace. 
It has not been the scene of armed conflict since Sept. 19, 
1677, the day of the terrible Indian massacre. The official 
seal, adopted in 1896, has for its motto the words **Industry 
and Prosperity.'' (See Appendix, Note 1.) The attention 
of its citizens has been directed toward the development 
of its resources and it has been known from an earlv date 
as a wealthy and prosperous community. 

The influence of the home has been so potent in its 
development that the chapters on houses and homes in 
Part II. are deemed an integral part of the "History of 
Hatfield." The first work of the first settlers was to build 
their homes, their first fighting was for the protection of 
those homes, and in succeeding years it has been for them 
that they and their descendants and all others who have 
joined the community have labored and fcnight. 

Nor should the influence of the women of the town be 
lightly appreciated. The birthplace and home of Sophia 
Smith has always had a high regard for women, allow-ed 


them most of the opportunities provided for the men, and 
been nobly served by many devoted women. Lowell 
says : — 

"He sings to the wide world, and she to her nest, — 
In the nice ear of Nature which song is the best?" 

What impelled Waite and Jennings to brave the hardships 
and dangers of a winter journey to Canada through a 
wilderness untrodden before by the English — what but 
the love for wife and children? The story of little Sally 
Coleman trudging bravely beside her savage captors in 
the northward journey is a moving incident of "Hatfield's 
Great Calamity/* Little did she think on that weary 
march that in time she would be the wife of John Field, 
and that among her descendants would be found a justice 
of the Supreme Court of the United States, Stephen J. 
Field; the first man to establish telegraphic communication 
across an ocean, Cyrus W. Field; and a merchant prince of 
the land, Marshall W. Field. Canada Waite never dreamed 
in her wigwam hut in far Sorel that she would be the 
mother of the frugal Smiths, who in later years would 
scatter charity and learning w^ith lavish hands. 

The following pages record the filial affection of Lu- 
cretia Williams, daughter of the imprisoned Tory, Col. 
Israel Williams, and the business ability of Lucy Hubbard, 
the tavern keeper, but fuller mention might also have been 
made of the intelligence and stately grace of Mabel Par- 
tridge, wife of Col. Samuel Partridge, of the beauty and 
tact of Hannah Lyman, the pastor's wife, and of other 
"mothers in Israel,'' whose lives and services, whether 
recorded or not, are part of the heritage of every resident 
of Hatfield of the past or of the present and, we may 
confidently assume, of all that are to follow. 






" Westward the course of empire takes its way." 


Removal of colonists from Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut towns. — 
Dissensions in the Hartford and Wethersfield churches. — Grants for the 
settlement of a new town above Northampton. — The Engagers. — Settlement 
of Hadley. — The west side, or Hatfield Engagers. — Assignment of land for 
use. — Boundary troubles. — Bradstreet's and Denison's grants and their pur- 
chase by the town. — Purchase of land from the Indians. 

The desire for full political and religious liberty, the 
impelling motive that drove the first settlers to the shores 
of New England, was also the chief cause of many of the 
interior settlements in the region during the first one 
hundred years of its history. When dissensions arose, 
as was inevitable among the independent pioneers, who 
would brook no authority they could not conscientiously 
yield to, groups of kindred spirits departed to settle new 
communities in the wilderness. The possibility of increased 
economic independence was also a consideration of great 
influence on adventurous minds. 

Early in the course of the building up of Massachusetts 
Bay Colony a fundamental diflference of opinion led many 
of the settlers under the lead of Rev. Thomas Hooker of 
Cambridge, then called Newtown, to move to Connecticut. 
A man liberal and democratic in his tastes and his views 
of both temporal and spiritual authority. Hooker could 
not live in harmony with the other leading clergyman 
of the colony, the aristocratic and autocratic Rev. John 
Cotton of Boston. Both leaders wiselv refrained from an 
open quarrel, and in 1635 permission was obtained by the 
first mentioned from Governor William Bradford, not with- 


- ~ • 


: '.\. 

>. TV 

>c- :••:- 

Sfceme. n : • 
vtere "Pi . ■" 


details of the dispute which deeply stirred the whole colony 
of Connecticut and was the cause of many ecclesiastical 
councils. The chief point of contention was the so-called 
"Half-way Covenant," by which children of parents not 
members of the church could be baptized. Other issues 
concerned church membership and the rights of the brother- 
hood. (See Appendix, Note 2.) 

At this day people can with difficulty appreciate the 
tremendous conflict which the issues seemed to involve. 
While a democracy has been evolved from the institutions 
established by the New England pioneers, it must be remem- 
bered that their first form of government was a theocracy 
or church state in which control was in the hands of the 
relatively small number of church members. 

A crisis was reached in 1658 in the Connecticut towns 
and preparations were begun for another migration. The 
fertility of the valley of the Connecticut was by that time 
well known. Men were sent to view the lands to the east 
and north of Northampton and application was made to 
the General Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony for a 
grant of land. This was readily obtained and in 1659 an 
agreement was made to settle above Northampton on both 
sides of the river at a place known as Norwottuck, or 
Nonotuck, meaning "in the midst of the river." The grant 
by the Massachusetts authorities was made conditional 
upon an orderly hearing of the diflferences between the 
Withdrawers, as they were called, and their brethren from 
Hartford. Accordingly a council was summoned, a recon- 
ciliation was eflfected, and those who were to journey 
forth again to new homes, many of them for the third 
time, took their w-ay in peace. 

The General Court of Connecticut in appointing a day of 
thanksgiving in November, 1659, gave as one of the reasons 
for thanks "the success of the endeavors of the reverend 
elders of the last council, for composing the sad differences 
of Hartford." 

The prospect of receiving these Massachusetts men back 
into the Bay Colony w-as pleasing to the General Court and 
to the inhabitants of the other vallev towns. Thev were 
men of ability and in comfortable circumstances, if not of 
great wealth, of good social standing, law abiding and firm 


in religious faith. Many of them were already well 
acquainted with the Springfield and Northampton settlers. 

Negotiations were entered into with Northampton for 
the Capawonk meadows belonging to that town and in 
October, 1658, Northampton voted to "give away" Capa- 
wonk on four conditions: that the Hartford men were 
to settle two plantations, one on each side of the river; 
to maintain a sufficient fence against hogs and cattle; to 
pay £10 in wheat and peas; and to inhabit by the follow- 
ing May. This oflfer was not taken up then, though the 
land was subsequently purchased and became a part of 
Hatfield. An agreement or engagement of those who 
intended to remove from Connecticut to Massachusetts is 
dated at Hartford, April 18, 1659, concerning which Judd 
tells at length in his ^'History of Hadley." 

The records of the doings of the early settlers are 
meager in regard to many important details and it is hard 
to fix upon exact dates. Judd says of the settlement of 
Hadley: "It may be presumed that the broad street and 
homelots were laid out in 1659; that a number of the 
Engagers came up to inhabit at the said plantation, in 
1659, and built rude dwellings, where they lived during 
the next winter. Who, or how many, passed the winter 
there, cannot be known. The seven men, chosen Nov. 9, 
1659, *to order all public occasions,' and called Townsmen, 
were at the new plantation and made a rate, Nov. 22, 
1659, and they, or a majority of them, probably wintered 
there with others. One of these Townsmen, Thomas 
Stanley, made his will, Jan. 29, 1659-60, in which he dis- 
posed of his house and land, *that are here at the new 
plantation,' proving conclusively that he then lived in the 
new town." The date of the will is given in old style 
reckoning, which w-as used by the first settlers. The error 
in computing the length of the solar year in the so-called 
Julian calendar was corrected by Pope Gregory in 1582, 
but the new style of reckoning was not adopted in England 
or her colonies till 1752. In the old style reckoning 
March 25 was the beginning of the year. After the 
adoption of the new style, or Gregorian calendar, January 
1 was taken as the beginning of the year and double 
dates are often used to indicate the time between Jan. 1 


and Mar. 25. There was an error of J 1 days in the reckon- 
ing, which must be added to any date given in the old 
style to change it to the new. 

At a meeting held in the house of Andrew Warner 
in Hadley, Oct. 8, 1660, the following provisions were 
made: that no person should be owned as an inhabitant 
or have liberty to vote or act in town aflfairs until he 
should be legally received as an inhabitant; that the in- 
habitants on the west side of the river should be one with 
those on the east side in both ecclesiastical and civil mat- 
ters which were "common to the whole/* they paying all 
charges from their engagement and all purchase charges 
from the beginning; that those admitted for inhabitants 
on the west side should be inhabiting there in houses of 
their own by the next Michaelmas, Sept. 29, 1661 ; and that 
they should sign an engagement by themselves or others for 
them. There were twenty-eight persons who signed the 
votes and agreements at this meeting, perhaps all who had 
up to that time signified an intention of becoming settlers 
of the new town and including, very likely, some who had 
not brought up their families from Connecticut. 

The name Hadley. or Hadleigh, was chosen from the 
Hadleigh in Suflfolk County, England. The church of 
Hadley probably dates from the establishment of the town. 
as there is no record of a reorganization, and those who 
removed from Wethersfield comprised the pastor, Rev. 
John Russell, and the majority of his church, though not 
of his congregation or of the town. 

Some of those who intended to settle on the west 
side of the Connecticut signed an engagement at this 
October meeting, or their friends for them, others in 
January, February, and March of the next year. By 
Mar. 25, 1661, twenty-five heads of families had engaged 
to settle on the Hatfield side: Aaron Cook, Thomas 
Meekins, William Allis. Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., John 
Coleman, Tsaac Graves (with his father, Thomas Graves), 
John Graves, Samuel Belding, Stephen Taylor, John White, 
Jr., Daniel Warner, Richard Fellows, Richard Billings, 
Edward Benton, Mr. Ritchell (with his son). Ozias Good- 
win, Zechariah Field, Lieut. Thomas Bull, Gregory Wilter- 


ton, Nathaniel Porter, Daniel White, William Pitkin, John 
Cole, Samuel Church, Samuel Dickinson. 

Of these prospective settlers Cook and Church did not 
move across the river; Goodwin, Bull, Wilterton, and Pit- 
kin remained at Hartford; Mr. Ritchell and Edward Benton 
at Wethersfield; and Nathaniel Porter at Windsor; leaving 
sixteen who became residents of Hatfield. Two of these, 
Thomas Meekins and William Allis, belonged to the Bay 
Colony and lived at Braintree. Of the others ten came 
from Hartford: Billings, Cole, Fellows, Field, John and 
Isaac Graves, Taylor, Warner, John White, Jr., and Daniel 
White; four were from Wethersfield: Belding, Coleman, 
and the Dickinsons. 

What the proposed boundaries of the new plantation 
were to be may be seen by the report of the committee 
to the General Court, Sept. 30, 1639. The report was not 
accepted by the magistrates and Hadley never extended 
its boundaries as far as expected. It ran as follows: — 

"In obedience to an order of the much Honored General Court in May 
last, appointing us whose names are subscribed, to lay out the bounds of the 
new plantation at Norwottuck on the river Connecticut! for the supply of 
those people that are to settle there; considering what people are to remove 
thither and the quality of the lands thereabouts, we have thought good to 
lay out their bounds on both sides of said River, viz. on the East side of 
said river their southerly bounds to be from the head of the falls above 
Springfield and so to run east and by north the length of nine miles from 
the said river; And their Northerly bounds to be a little brook called by the 
Indians Nepasoaneage up to a mountain called Quunkwattchu, and so running 
eastward from the river the same length of nine miles; from their southerly 
bounds to the northerly bounds on the east side of the river is about 11 or 12 
miles. And on the west side of the river their bounds on the south are to 
join or meet with Northampton bounds, (which said bounds are called 
Capawonk and Wequittayyagg) And on the north their bounds to be a great 
mountain, called Wequomps: and the North and South bounds are to run 
west two miles from the great river ; And from North to South on that 
side the river is about 6 or 7 miles. 

John Pynchon 
Elizur Holyoke 
Sigrned by Samuel Chapin 

William Holton 
RuHAkn Lyman." 

The mountain called Quunkwattchu was Toby: We- 
quomps was Mt. Sugar Loaf. The northern bounds of 
Northampton were about the same as at present. 

During the years 1639 and 1660 no allotments of land 
were made, but the settlers cultivated parts of the common 
land temporarily assigned them for use. It was uncertain 


how many of the Engagers would really settle in the new 
town. Many were discouraged at the difficulties encoun- 
tered in fixing the boundaries of the township and in 
securing a sufficient amount of meadow land. Negotiations 
were being made for the purchase of lands from the Indians 
w^ith the assistance of Maj. John Pynchon and other Spring- 
field men, but grants by the General Court to individuals of 
parts of the same territory . complicated the matter. 

For the first forty years of its history the colonial gov- 
ernment was accustomed to give large grants of land to 
individuals of rank, either in payment for services to the 
colony, or in grateful acknowledgment, or both, or in the 
settlement of claims. Such grants were for the most part 
made arbitrarily, with little regard to township lines, and 
sometimes the grantee was allowed to choose his own 
location; usually in a town grant a clause was inserted, 
"reserving properties formerly granted to any person." 

In 1659. the same year that a grant was made to the 
Connecticut Engagers for their proposed town, a grant of 
500 acres was made by the Massachusetts Bay Colony to 
Simon Bradstreet, a Magistrate and later governor of the 
colony, and one of 500 acres to Maj. Gen. Daniel Denison 
with the liberty to locate anywhere west of the Connecticut 
river full six miles from the place intended for the North- 
ampton meeting-house in a straight line. Mr. Bradstreet, 
who had the first choice, took his grant in Hatfield North 
Meadow, extending one mile west from the river. Maj. 
Gen. Denison took his part just north of the division of the 
meadows known from earliest times as Bashan, extending 
250 rods from the river and one mile north and south. 
Thus these two proprietors had some of the best interval 
or meadow land in the new^ township and on the ground 
that they were not six miles from the Northampton meeting- 
house the Engagers petitioned, but without avail, to have 
the location of the grants changed. The struggle went on 
for five years and finally the town of Hadley in justice 
to the west side settlers was obliged to purchase of Mr. 
Bradstreet the North Meadows. His terms were £200 and 
1000 acres of land elsewhere. The money was paid by the 
town and the General Court granted him the land, which 
he took just north of the Denison farm one mWe ^.wtV ?^ \v^\ 



north and south on the river and including a large part 
of the meadow land now in the limits of the township of 
Whately. His west line was a little west of the present 
Straits road and his north one the upper side of the wood lot 
north of the S. W. Allis farm ; the south line of the Denison 
grant was along the bank of the swamp below the village 
of Bradstreet. Both these grants were within what were 
supposed to be the limits of the new township of Hadley. 
The farms were later bought by a company of proprietors 
made up in Hatfield and division was made to private 
owners. Samuel Symonds and Gen. Humphrey Atherton, 
who also received grants at Norvvottuck, took their land 
elsewhere to accommodate the new town. 

The early settlers took pains to secure valid title to their 
lands by purchase from the Indians. These purchases 
were not costly, payments being made in clothing, trinkets, 
and wampum, the currency of the Indians, at that time 
legal tender for debts to the value of 40 shillings. The 
deeds are now on record at the Hall of Records in Spring- 
field. The first purchase from the Indians was made Dec. 
25, 1658, and comprised the territory east of the Connecti- 
cut from the mouth of Fort river and Mt. Holyoke on the 
south to the mouth of the Mohawk brook and Mt. Tobv 
on the north, a distance of about nine miles, and running 
east nine miles into the woods. The price paid was 220 
fathoms of wampum and one large coat, equal in value to 
£62, 10s. The deed was signed by the Norwottuck sachems 
Umpanchala, Chickwallop, and Quonquont, who claimed 
ownership on both sides of the river and had forts and 
planting grounds at intervals. 

The land for the town of Hatfield was secured in three 
purchases. The first, made July 10, 1660, comprised the 
land west of the Connecticut between the Capawonk brook, 
now Mill river, on the south, **to the brook called Wunck- 
compas which comes out of the Great Pond,'' following the 
line of the brook and extending west into the woods for 
nine miles. The price paid was 300 fathoms of wampum 
and small gifts, equal in all to £75 in value. The deed was 
signed by the sachem Umpanchala and approved bv his 
brother Etowonq. They reserved for their use the "Chick- 
ons or planting Field'' — now Indian Field — ?vt\(\ \\V>eT\.N N.c> 



hunt and fish, to set wigwams on the common and to cut 
trees for use. 

The next purchase was the meadow called Capawonk, 
south of the brook of that name. This meadow had been 
bought by Northampton of the chief Chickwallop in 1657» 
for 50 shillings. It was deeded by the Northampton 
settlers, Jan. 22, 1663, for £30. These tw^o purchases 
included all the land claimed by Hatfield at the time of its 
incorporation in 1670. The third was the tract of land 
north of the North Meadow, including Bradstreet and most 
of the township of Whately, from the heirs of Quoncjuont. 
The deed was signed Oct. 19, 1672, by the sachem's 
widow Sarah Quanquan, or Quonquont, his son Pocuno- 
house, his daughter Majessit and two others, Mattatabange. 
a squaw, and Momecuse. The price paid was fifty fathoms 
of wampum valued at five shillings to the fathom. The 
northern boundary was where the Pocumtuck path crossed 
the Weekioanuck brook, the line running east to the **great 
river" and west for six miles. 

Upon these deeds from the Indians rest the titles of all 
later possessors and the reservations made by the red 
men of the hunting and fishing privileges, the use of wood 
and timber, and the liberty to pitch wigwams are in oper- 
ation at the present day if their descendants should wish 
to take advantage of them. 



" They were men of present valor, stalwart old iconoclasts." 

The journey from Connecticut. — The first inhabitants and their families. — 
Topography of the township in 1660. — Changes caused by action of the 
Connecticut river. — Work of the pioneers in preparation for settlement. — 
Annual burning of the land by the Indians. — Scarcity of timber. — Intervals or 
meadows. — Domestic animals. 

In spite of the many difficulties in the way, the Engagers 
kept coming in greater numbers and some others joined 
with them in the attempt to settle the northernmost valley 
towns. The journey from Connecticut was a difficult one, 
as the cart roads were not built at that time and all streams 
had to be forded. The route was up the valley to West- 
field, then called Woronoke, to Springfield and Northamp- 
ton. The tradition is that ten days were needed to 
accomplish the trip. 

The Hadley street on the east side of the river was 
laid out in 1661 and house lots assigned. It is probable 
that several families established themselves on the Hatfield 
side as early as 1660 and passed the winter there, for, at 
a meeting held in Hadley in January, 1661, *Tt was voted and 
agreed upon that all those that have taken up allotments 
on the west side of the river put into the Rate that 
is to be made for this year and shall pay all charges for 
this present year as we ourselves on this side of the river 
doe." Others kept adding themselves to the first comers 
till by the year 1668 most of the original Engagers had 
taken up their lands and the west side settlement numbered 
about 100 souls. It is very difficult to determine accurately 
when the different settlers established themselves in their 
new homes. Richard Fellows was probably the first to 
locate on the west side of the river. He built a house at 
what seemed to him a desirable location and the Hatfield 
street was later laid out from his house northward. John 
Cole is also often mentioned as being one of the pioneers, 


but this is doubtful because the Hadley records indicate 
renewals of his grant of a house lot, showing that he did 
not fully keep the terms of his engagement and reside with 
his family on his grant. He may have returned to Con- 
necticut in 1660. His home lot was the one next north of 
Fellows's. There were probably at least four others resid- 
ing on the west side of the river in 1660, Zechariah Field, 
Richard Billings, Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., and John White, 


Richard Fellows was in Hartford in 1643. He removed 

to Springfield in 1659 and from there to Northampton. He 
had a family of five children when he located in the new 
settlement that became the town of Hatfield, — Richard, 
Samuel, Sarah, John, who was baptized Nov. 1, 1646, and 
Mary, baptized Feb. 9, 1650, the oldest probably nearing 
manhood. He died soon after and his widow, Ursula 
Fellows, took his place in the distribution of land. Widow 
Fellows is mentioned in the Hadley records Dec. 19, 1661. 
His homestead, as stated, was at the southern end of the 
street as originally laid out, though the place is now south 
of the end of Main Street. The house on the Fellows allot- 
ment is now occupied by Mrs. Samuel Fellows Billings and 
her family. They are not descendants of Richard Fellows, 
but the name was given to Samuel Fellows Billings because 
of the fact that he was born on the spot where Fellows 
built, according to tradition, the first house in town. 

Zechariah Field was also living in Northampton at the 
time of the settlement of Hadley. He chose for a building 
site the one at the corner of Main and Maple streets. As 
the three men first mentioned selected their homesteads 
close together near the fertile meadows it is probable that 
thev and the other three had familiarized themselves with 
the proposed location of the new village before any other 
settlers took up residence and it was their prospecting that 
determined the location of the west side street and its 
house lots. The other three pioneers chose sites adjoining 
on the opposite side of the street a little farther north, 
the third, fourth, and fifth house lots as laid out in 1661. It 
is not certain whether these six pioneers moved their 
families and possessions at first to their new homes. The 
chanp^e of residence seems to have been accomplished 


gradually during a period of several years, for the records 
of the Connecticut towns show that the men who moved 
to the Massachusetts towns at least had real estate holdings 
after their departure for the settlements farther up the 

John Cole was a resident in Farmington in 1652, later 
moving to Hartford. The name was also spelled Coule and 
later became Cowls and Cowles. The date of his birth is 
not known, but there is a record of his death in Hatfield 
in September, 1675. He was made a freeman in 1666. His 
family at the time he settled in Hatfield consisted of his 
wife and seven children, the eldest probably about 19 years 
old, John, Hannah, Sarah, Mary, Elizabeth, Samuel, and 
Esther. Little has been discovered concerning him pre- 
vious to his coming to Hatfield. The Cowles homestead 
remained in the hands of direct descendants till 1898 when 
the property was sold by Rufus H. Cowles to Patrick T. 

Concerning Zechariah Field much information has been 
preserved in the Field genealogy compiled by Frederick 
Clifton Pierce of Chicago. He was a man of over three- 
score years at the time he settled in Hatfield, having been 
bom in East Ardsley, Yorkshire, Eng., in 1596, the son of 
John Field and the grandson of John Field, the English 
astronomer. He probably came to New England through 
Wales, sailed from Bristol, arrived in Boston in 1629 and 
settled in Dorchester. At the time he removed to Con- 
necticut he was in the prime of life and was one of the 
42 men furnished by Hartford to take part in the Pequot 
war. His house in Hartford was upon Sentinel Hill near 
the present north end of Main Street. He was prosperous 
and the owner of a large amount of land, upon part of 
which is Asylum Street. The land records of Hartford 
contain a number of transfers made bv or to him from 1639- 
62. He removed to Northampton in 1659 and engaged in 
business, trading extensively with the Indians. He was 
one of the twenty-five west side Engagers and was one of 
the committee to lay out the street and house lots. He 
also had to renew the terms of his engagement. His allot- 
ment was on the west side of the street at the corner of 
the highway leading to Northampton. A house on the lot 


is now owned by Reuben Field Wells, a direct descendant, 
though the place has had many changes of ownership. In 
1660 Field's family consisted of his wife and five children: 
Mary, aged 17, Zechariah, 15, John, 12, Samuel, 9, Joseph. 
2. He continued his trading operations in Hatfield, then 
the Hadley west side, but the business was not very 
profitable and he made an assignment in 1664. He died 
June 30, 1666. 

Of Richard Billings not very much has been discovered. 
He was in Hartford in 1640. His wife's name was Margery 
and they had one child Samuel, probably a man of mature 
years at the time of the settlement of Hatfield for the 
allotment was made to the two men together. Their place 
was on the east side of the street, the third house lot from 
the south end, and it has remained in the hands of direct 
descendants down to the present day, Mrs. Mary A. Bil- 
lings Dickinson owning the house on the original allotment. 

Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., was a youth of seventeen when 
he came to Hatfield, if the record of his birth is correct, 
Aug., 1643. He was probably married at that time or 
expected to be soon, for he shared in the distribution of 
lands with the other heads of families. He was born in 
Wethersfield, where his father was a man of prominence, 
town clerk in 1645, representative in 1646-56. Nathaniel, 
Sr., removed to Hadley in 1659 and was made a freeman in 
1661. He w^as a deacon and the first recorder, or town 
clerk. The homestead of Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., in Hat- 
field was the fourth from the south on the east side of the 
street, the lot on which the Sophia Smith house stands. 
He w^as made a freeman in 1690 and died Oct. 11, 1710. 

Of John White, Jr., not very much is known. His father. 
Elder John White, who was born in Chelmsford, Essex 
County, Eng., probably before 1600, was a passenger on the 
ship Lyon which sailed from England, June 22, 1632, arriv- 
ing in Boston, Sept. 16: he settled in Cambridge. John 
White, Sr., moved to Hartford with Mr. Hooker's company 
and took a prominent part in the aflfairs of the town and 
of the South Church of which he was an elder. His name 
stands fifth on the list of Engagers to settle the Norwottuck 
plantations and he was one of the first Townsmen chosen 
at Hadley to "order all publick occasions.'* He returned 


to Hartford about 1670 and died about the first of the year 
1684. John White, Jr., the third of the six children of 
Elder John, was buried in Hatfield, Sept. 15, 1665. His age 
is not known, but it was probably less than thirty-five years^ 
His house lot was the next above that of Nathaniel Dick- 
inson, now owned by Daniel White Wells, who is not, 
however, a direct descendant. He was a man of some 
wealth and owned a house and land in Hartford, of which 
he retained possession after leaving that town. 

These men and the others who soon came to aid them in 
establishing the town were for the most part men well 
along in years. It has been stated that the average age 
of all the persons who made the journey from Connecticut 
was thirty-three, but it must be taken into consideration 
that there was a large^ number of children, and few very 
old persons attempted the trip. From what has been said 
it will be seen that they were already experienced in the 
building and governing of towns. The founders of Hat- 
field were men in the prime of life, of maturity of judgment, 
and experienced in the work before them. 

Comparatively few natural obstacles had to be overcome 
to prepare the chosen site for habitation. The region of 
the Connecticut vallev was described bv travelers who had 
explored it as a pleasant land. The general features of 
the country in the vicinity of Hatfield at the time the first 
settlers came were much the same as now. There was the 
same broad expanse of fertile meadow land near the river; 
the same small streams, ponds, and marshy places, probably 
in about the same locations; the same upland plains with 
sandy soil: the same surrounding hills. The "great river'' 
was probably much the same in appearance then as now, 
with its banks fringed w^th trees and bushes, its sand bars 
and stretches of sandy beach, its ever shifting channel and 
its destructive tendencies in time of flood. 

These floods have been the cause of great changes in the 
bed of the Connecticut river since the settlement of its 
valley by the whites. A gradual wearing away of the 
bank on one side and addition on the other is constantly 
going on. The oxbow at the point known as the **Turn 
of the River" above Hatfield village was formed by the 
river cutting an entirely new course in 1862. The wear- 


iiig away on the Hadley bank and the gains on the Hat- 
field side have been particularly noticeable at the curve 
where the river swings to the westward at the north end 
of the Hadley streets. Judd writing in 1847 said, "Opposite 
to this grass meadow, the inroads of the river upon Hadley 



1— • 


£»■ Vvt*.- 


have been destructive. The homesteads where some of the 
early settlers lived and died, the lands which they culti- 
vated, and the highways which they traveled, iiave been 
carried away, and more serious consequences have been 

The serious consequences threatened — the possibility of 
the river cutting off another oxbow and taking its course 
through the village — have been guarded against by the 
"rip-rapping" of the Hadley bank by the state authorities. 

A similar protection on the Hatfield side was gained by 
the building of a dike in 19l>4 running from the street to 
the river on the lot given the town by Samuel H. Dick- 
inson and southward along the crest of the first elevation 
above the bank. Disastrous effects were feared from the 
strength of the current that flowed unchecked through the 
home lots on the east of the street at every time of high 
water. The opening back of John McHugh's house and 
the ditch across the lots were dug in 1706 to allow the 


water to drain out of the lots back into the river, but it 
afforded an inlet as well as an outlet during floods. (See 
Appendix, Note 3.) 

A large part of the wearing away on the Hatfield side 
from the ferrv to Indian Hollow has been done within the 
memory of the men of the last two generations. The piece 
of land owned by Mrs. H. S. Hubbard a short distance 
below the Old Bridge Place contains only about four acres, 
whereas it was formerly fourteen. Bishop F. D. Hunting- 
ton, who died in 1906, stated that he remembered the time 
in his boyhood when the land between his father's barns 
in North Hadley and the river was less than half an acre in 
extent. On the opposite side of the river at that point five 
apple trees set fifty feet apart in a row running east and 
west have disappeared one after another in the water within 
the memory of men now living. 

The Connecticut river abounded in fish in the earlv davs 
so that its waters were an important source of food to the 
savages and the whites and also a source of considerable 
revenue before the dams were built across it. Salmon and 
shad used to come up the stream to spawn, the latter being so 
common that at one time they were not thought worthy 
of a place on the table and families surprised by unexpected 
guests would apologize if shad happened to be on the 
bill of fare. Often they were thrown contemptuously back 
into the water as "pumpkin seeds" are when hooked by the 
angler to-day. 

It is not likely that Mill river, the Capawonk brook of 
Indian times, has changed its winding course to any appre- 
ciable extent since the first coming of the white settlers. 
Some of the swamps have been drained by the residents of 
the town and some ponds created by artificial means. 

The clearing of forests was not a part of the work of 
the first settlers in preparation for establishing themselves 
in their new homes, for the meadows and uplands were kept 
free from underbrush and to a large extent of trees by the 
annual burnings by the Indians every November to check 
the growth of brush so that they could get about more 
easily to hunt and fish and to have cleared land for culti- 
vation. The fires once started were allowed to burn them- 
selves out and consumed the young forest growth iov \v\\\^s 



around. It is doubtful if there was much timber withii 
the present boundaries of the township, a reason for th« 
specification in the Indian deeds of the right to cut tree; 
for use. The forest growth now covering the hills at tht 

west of the town and parts of the plains is of comparatively 
recent development. 

The early settlers made stringent regulations against 
the unnecessary felling of any tree and the town of Hatfield 


voted in 1671, the year after its incorporation, that no man 
should sell clapboards, shingles, or rails out of town, and 
coopering stuff was not to be delivered out of town unless 
made into casks. For white pine in any quantity they had 
to go as far as Northfield. Pine and chestnut and other 
soft woods could not stand the ravages of the fires, but 
there was probably a considerable quantity of oak and elm 
scattered about through the meadows, standing in clumps 
or as isolated trees. The swamps were heavily wooded, 
mostly with oak. The elm in front of the Congregational 
church that blew down in 1868 was probably there before 
the white men came. 

The first white inhabitants adopted the Indian custom 
of annual burning to keep the unused land free from bushes, 
which became a source of great annoyance if allowed to 
grow imchecked. 1^he practice was common throughout 
the colony and was continued till 1750 or later, when the 
danger from unlimited burning of the woodlands was finally 
realized and the practice stopped. The colonial govern- 
ment of Massachusetts in 1743 passed a law to restrain 
such fires because they impoverished the soil, prevented 
the growth of wood, and destroyed fences. 

The intervals or meadows thus cleared by burning were 
readv for immediate cultivation and thev were covered with 
a growth of native grass which could be cut at once for 
live stock. The earlv settlers deemed most desirable the 
grass from the low bottom lands, or as they called them 
*'boggy meadows." Grass seed was not sowed for some 
years after the settlement and there arc some parts of 
Indian Hollow to-day which perhaps have never been 
plowed and reseeded. That part of the meadow was 
the best for hay and commanded the highest price per acre 
of any land in town till 1862 when the disastrous flood 
of that year buried it deep in sand. The higher parts of 
the intervals were used by the first settlers for cultivated 

Few domestic animals were brought by the pioneers 
on account of the length and difficulty of the journey from 
Connecticut and their nmnbers increased slowly during the 
early years of the settlement. Cows and oxen wxre of 
course necessary, and some sheep and hogs were kept and 


probably some poultry. Horses were not abundant and 
were not indispensable, for they were of little use except in 
the saddle, as there were no carriages in any of the valley 
settlements and almost all the farm work was done with 



• They huilded beltr-r than they knew." 

First Steps in the establishment of the west side plantation. — Laying out 
of street and assignment of house lots. — Names of the proprietors and 
subsequent changes in ownership. — Meaning of the term "estate." — Lumber 
used by first settlers and its preparation. — Building of the gristmill. — Division 
of the meadow lands. — The common land. — Fencing the meadows and house 

It was necessary for those of the Hadley Engager> 
who intended to take up their residence on the west side 
of the Connecticut to be inhabiting the spot by Sept. 29. 
1661, to fulfill the terms of their engagement, and there 
was little delay about the matter. Following the lead of 
the six pioneers the other west side Engagers took definite 
steps to lay the foundations of their town. The purpose 
to have at first two villages of one town separated by the 
river as they had been at Hartford is evident, but later 
developments cannot be well explained except on the sup- 
position that in the minds of some at least was the plan 
for two distinct towns as soon as they were large enough. 
The fact that a majority of the west side Engagers were ^ 
from Hartford has been pointed out in Chapter I. Many 
of those who came soon after the first settlement were from 
places other than Wethersfield and while the views of the 
settlers on both sides of the river were in general in accord 
with those of the pastor. Rev. John Russell, it seems a 
reasonable inference that some of his congregation early 
hoped to be able to have as their leader a more discreet 
and tactful man such as Mr. Hooker had shown himself 
to be. Mr. Russell had a successful pastorate in Hadley 
and was able and courageous, but he was engaged in many 
controversies and the last vears of his life were embittered 
by a quarrel over the school funds. Agreement was made 
to have two ministers if necessary, probably one, as ?lss\s1- 


ant, to give his attention to the work on the west side of 
the river, but the Hatfield men, independent to the last 
degree, merely bided their time and when another minister 
was secured it was to be the settled pastor of the church 
of a town wholly free and independent. Rev. Samuel 
Hooker, son of Rev. Thomas Hooker, was preaching 
at Springfield and the settlers of the Norwottuck plan- 
tations appointed a committee in 1660 to **confer together 
and send propositions to Mr. Hooker about his removal to 
us." Under date of Dec. 12, 1661, this entry appears on 
the Hadlev records: — 

"The Inhabitants on the West side of the river proposing that there might 
be some of them added to the committee chosen for the looking out for 
another minister that soe they might be one with us, According to a former 
agreement : 

"The town ordered that Gdman Meekins and Gdman Alice should be 
added to the committee aforesaid/' 

The negotiations did not accomplish anything and Mr. 
Russell continued alone in his labors in Hadlev. 

Jan. 21, 1660/61, a committee, consisting of William 
Westwood. Xathaniel Dickinson, Sr., Samuel Smith, Thomas 
Coleman. Peter Tilton, and Zechariah Field, was appointed 
**to lav out a tract of land on the West side of the river for 
houselots." The 4th of March, William Allis, Zechariah 
Field, Isaac Graves, Thomas Stanlev, Andrew Warner, 
Philip Smith, and Samuel Porter were "to take a survey 
of the land on the other side of the river and as near as 
they can to equalize the ap])ortionmcnt of those that have 
taken u]) lots there; and the Inhabitants on the other side 
of the river are to remain there : and to make report to the 
town thereof: and if both parties cannot agree to a free 
choice then a lot to determine it." 

The street was surveyed that spring or summer, probably 
without the aid of a compass. Its location was the same in 
width and extent as at the present day, running nearly 
north and south for the distance of a mile. A wide space 
was reserved near the south end for a common as was the 
custom in most Xew England towns, following the English 
practice. This helps to confirm the supposition that the 
likelihood of two towns was borne in mind by the founders. 
The street was ten rods wide through most of the part built 
upon at first. The upper end is now and probably was 


then somewhat narrower, but for what reason is unknown 
unless it was to equalize the acreage of the house lots, 
keeping the frontage the same. Few of the house lots 
at the upper end were assigned till after the incorporation 
of Hatfield. They were probably staked out at the begin- 
ning, however, and reserved for later comers as was the 
case with the meadow lands when they were distributed. 
Some of these lots at the upper end were assigned by the 
west side inhabitants previous to their separation from 
Hadley. i 

The committee made allotments to 28 individuals of 192 
acres on both sides of the street. All the lots on the east 
side were 16 rods wide except that of John Wells, which 
was 18 rods. The proprietors in order beginning at the 
south were Thomas Bull, Daniel Warner, Richard Billings, 
Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., John White, Jr., Edward Benton, ii 
Samuel Dickinson, William Gull, Samuel Belding, John 
Coleman, John Wells, Samuel Gillett, Philip Russell. The 
allotment of Thomas Bull was the place now owned by 
A. W. Morton at the corner of Bridge Lane and that of 
Philip Russell is part of the W. H. Dickinson estate, his 
north line being near the large buttonball tree in front of 
the Dickinson house. The width of the lots has not been 
changed much, though some of the homesteads have passed 
through several changes of ownership. The distance be- 
tween the south line of Thomas BulTs allotment and the 
north line of Philip Russell's was 210 rods with no highway 
to the east between. Fixed points to measure from are 
the north line of the Billings allotment and the boundaries 
of the John White, Jr., allotment, which are believed to be 
the same as when originally staked out. Both these home- 
steads, as noted in the previous chapter, have been passed 
down in the family, though not without change of name. 
After the lapse of 250 years there is not a single place that 
has been handed down from father to son in an unbroken 
line from the beginning. 

The lots on the west side of the street varied somewhat 
in width. Those of Richard Fellows and John Cole were 
south of the highway to Northampton. They contained 
eight acres each. Eleazer Frary's allotment of four acres, 
six rods in width, was exactly in the middle of that side o( 


the Street between the highway to Northampton and the 
Middle Lane, or Mill Lane, now School Street. It is now 
occupied by Roswell Billings. Many changes have been 
made in the original boundaries of the lots by subsequent 
transfers. South of Eleazer Frary's were the house lots of 
John Graves, Isaac Graves, Stephen Taylor, Ozias Goodwin, 
and Zechariah Field, each twelve rods wide and containing 
eight acres. North of Eleazer Frary's, allotments were 
made to Thomas Meekins, William Allis, Daniel White, Jr., 
and John Allis of eight acres, twelve rods in width, and to 
Obadiah Dickinson and Samuel Kellogg of four acres each, 
six rods wide. Above Middle Lane, for which eight rods 
were reserved, was the allotment of John Hawks of four 
acres and sixteen rods wide. The highway to Northampton 
was eight rods wide ; the distance from the northern boun- 
dary of Hawks's lot to the southern side of the Northampton 
road was 158 rods, from the south side of Middle Lane to 
the north of the Northampton road, 126 rods. School 
Street is now only four rods wide, three rods having gone 
to the lot on which Smith Academy and the buildings west 
of it stand and one rod to the lots on the north of the 
street. The lots on the west side of the street ran back 
to Mill river as far as its course was north and south: 
beyond that they had a depth of 80 rods. The boundary 
between the Academy lot and the Israel Morton place, 
the original allotments of Samuel Kellogg and Obadiah 
Dickinson respectively, has never been changed. Directly 
opposite their line was the boundary between William 
Gull and Samuel Belding. 

The chart on the opposite page shows the location of 
the first house lots with the width of each and the location 
of the highways. Against the name of each settler is put 
his ^'estate." This did not mean the amount of his prop- 
erty. Some were undoubtedly possessed of more than the 
amounts set against their names and others had less, but 
as will be seen the estates ranged from £50 to £200, most 
bein^ £100. The amount of each one's estate was set 
arbitrarily with the desire to secure a substantial equality 
among all the settlers and to serve as a basis for distribut- 
ing the land. Church members and freemen had no 
advantage over others. Thomas Graves had no house lot 





Rods wide. R(xls wide. Acres. 

16 Philip Russell 4 


16 Samud Gillett 


John Wells 



John Hawks 



John Coleman 
Samuel Belding 


Middle Lane or Mill Lane 




Samuel Kellogg 
Obadiah Dickinson 




John Allis 



William Gull 



{00 00 00 

Daniel White, Jr. 
William Allis 
Thomas Meekins 



Samuel Dickinson 
Edward Benton 




Eleazer Frary 
John Graves 
Isaac Graves 



John White, Jr. 
Nath'l Dickinson, Jr 

. 8 



Stephen Taylor 



Richard Billings 




Ozias Goodwin 



Daniel Warner 
Thomas Bull 




Zechariah Field 



:hway to Northampton 




John Cole 



Richard Fellows 










Pla.n or Tin: House Lots in Hatfield Allotted 1661-1670. 
[nclosure shows the line of first stockade, built in King Philip's War. 

l:S r-lfZ isAiC lO 

zr-;^: erv^eii in 
: ■*>. zLiri; the 

:c , - — 'jravei 

: > i — i::er oi 

:rr; :■: lo^? are 

ty 3.- : ilatfieM 

r- iil'i in l*"*'!. were plenty ol sawyers 
I -oine mere ?ui>>tantial dwellings and 
ii^y have Ijeeii Imllt at the very begiti- 

ulier ha^ been alliideil to. White oak 
■\Mirk. hewed .tikI sqiiared by hand. 
1 building; material did not seein to be 
■;irly settlers in tlii> rcfiion and niany 
lay wliifli date baek ti) colonial times 


are framed and studded with oak. Oak seems to have been 
used in preference so that the scarcity of pine probably 
caused the first settlers little concern. 

Boards had to be sawed by hand in a saw pit. The man 
who stood above and guided the saw was called the **top- 
nian/' and received a little higher wages than his fellow 
laborer in a pit below, who was called the **pit-man.'' 
Wages of 2s. and 2s. 6d. per day were common for this work 
and two men were expected to saw 100 feet of boards a day 
when the logs were hewed and drawn to the saw pit. Oak 
was the commonest material for boards also, chestnut, of 
which there was some quantity accessible, being used 
chiefly for fences. The price of sawed boards was very 
high. Judd says that before Pynchon built his sawmill in 
Springfield in 1667 they were 7s. per 100 feet, afterwards 
4s. 6d. Tfie edges of the boards were chamfered by hand 
to make a snug joint. 

The side covering of houses and barns was in many cases 
clapboards nailed to the studs. They were split by hand 
like shingles and could be made much more rapidly and 
easily than boards. Any wood that could be split easily 
was called "rift timber" or "cleft timber." The wages of 
"rivers of clapboards" were regulated by law in some parts 
of the colony. Coffin's "History of Xewbury" gives this 
derivation : "Clapboards were originally cloven, not sawn, 
and were thence called clove-boards, and in process of time 
doboards, claboards, clapboards.'' They were of varying 
length, three to five or six feet, and made smooth by 
hewing or shaving. 

There was probably no interior finish in most of the 
houses. Lath for plastering is rarely mentioned in any con- 
temporary accounts in the seventeenth century. The windows 
were closed with shutters, as glass did not come into general 
use till after 1700 on account of the difficulty of getting it. 
Possibly oiled paper or some similar material was used as 
a substitute. One of the settlers, Philip Russell, was a 
glazier by trade. He came to Hatfield about 1666. 

The roofs were covered with split shingles two or three 
feet long. Barns and perhaps some of the houses at first 
were thatched. There was plenty of clay at hand for 
making bricks for chimneys or for laying up chimneys of 




Stone in clay. For hearthstones there was red sandstone 
in abundance. 

The old expression "to mill and to meeting" is significant 
of many things. The corn mill and the meetinghouse 
were the first public structures necessary to the early set- 
tlers and thev both ministered to wants which could not 
well be met without them. Public worship in Hadley was 
conducted on the east side of the riv^er where the pastor. 
Rev. John Russell, lived and the first mill was set up on 
the vvest side. Negotiations for its building were begun in 
April, 1661, and in December after he had "expended con- 
siderable estate in building a miir' the town of Hadley 
voted to have all the grain ground by Thomas Meekins 
"provided he make good meal." In the same month prep- 
arations were begun to build a meetinghouse, but it was not 
raised until 1665 and probably not wholly finished until 
1670. A house was hired in which to seat the congregation 
while the building operations were under way. 

Thomas Meekins was a millwright by trade. His mill was 
built on the Capawonk brook, which thereafter was called 
Mill river, near the site of the present Hatfield gristmill. 
The ridge of red sandstone that shows outcroppings at 
various points in the vicinity made a waterfall in the 
brook and the stone was easily quarried for millstones. It 
is not known whether any dam was built at first, but 
probably greater power was secured by throwing some 
sort of obstruction across the stream. Meekins was given 
twenty acres of land near the mill and he moved from the 
street and built a house on the hill where M. \V. Bovie 
has his residence. 

The east side inhabitants brought their grain across the 
Connecticut to be ground. The Hadley records show that 
on the 8th of November, 1662. they agreed with Thomas 
Wells and John Hubbard to carry their grain over the river 
to mill on the second and sixth days of the week and bring 
back the meal, at threepence per bushel, to be paid in 
wheat at 3s. 6d., and Indian corn at 2s. 3d. per bushel. 
No corn mill was built on the east side till 1671, when a 
portion of the Hopkins Grammar School funds was in- 
vested in a mill at North Hadlev. It was burned in 1677 
and the Hadley people again brou^^ht their grist across the 


river; rebuilt in 1678 or 1679, and was operated by the 
Boltwoods for a while, finally coming back to the trustees 
of the Hopkins Grammar School fund. 

The meal and flour were bolted at home or used unbolted. 
Bolting mills moved by water power were not at all common 
in England when the colonists first left the mother country 
and they did not come into use in New England for nearly 
one hundred years. Sometimes the bran was separated 
from the flour by the use of sieves. 

Thomas Meekins also assisted in setting up corn mills 
in other towns. He built the first sawmill in Hatfield in 
1669 and had one in operation on the east side of the 
river perhaps as early as 1662 in company with Robert 
Boltwood. They were granted liberty to build a saw- 
mill in Hadley in that year. Dec. 19, 1670. the town of 
Hatfield voted that Meekins's sawmill should be free from 
the town rate for three years. It is thought to have been 
located about where Maj. C. S. Shattuck's gun-shop stands. 

In the distribution of the meadow land made from 1661 
to 1663 the estates of the different settlers served as a 
basis for divisions. Drawings were by lot and those whose 
lots came out first had first choice. Each flOO estate 
drew 27 acres and 60 rods on the west side of the river 
and larger estates correspondingly larger amounts. The 
east side proprietors also drew lots on the west side and it 
is difficult to ascertain the amount of land divided on the 
Hatfield side because the lands of several of the proprietors 
are not recorded. Considerable allowance was made for 
swamps, ponds, and light lands. It is estimated that about 
1,200 acres were included in the four main divisions of the 
Hatfield meadows as follows : — 

1. The Great, North, or Upper Meadow, purchased of Mr. 
Bradstreet and including a swamp adjoining, was separated 
into six divisions, — Fifty Pound Lots, Long Lots, Cow 
Bridge, Turn of the River, Upper Hollow, and Bashan. 
Each west side proprietor received a lot in each division 
and some were reserved for others. The names given to 
the divisions are those in use at the present time, but they 
probably were applied at a very early day. 

2. Little Meadow was at the north end of the street 
and part of it east of the North Meadow. It was in twof 


divisions, Little Meadow proper and Little Meadow Hol- 

3. The South Meadow, or **the meadow adjoining to 
the street" in the early records, was called Wequetayag 
hv the Indians and Great Pansett, Pontius, or Ponsett in 
the records of Peter Tilton, the first recorder of lands in 
Hadlev. It contained about 430 acres at the time of 
division with little waste land. The east side or Hadlev 
proprietors had the west part, called 205 acres, and the w^est 
side proprietors the east part. 225 acres, including Indian 
Hollow or Indian Bottom. The divisions known at the 
present dav. East and Middle Divisions, Great Ponsett, 
Brix^k Hollow. Indian Hollow, The Nook, and Indian Field, 
were probably so called very early in the history of the 
town and the roads through this meadow were the same 
as noNN« Hcforo the choice of lots was made the roads were 
staked out. Tbo road that led to the landing at the north 
v>t the Hadlev street was the one by the Richard Fellows 
!iou<c. now \*alley Street. A road was laid out along the 
Im\»\\ of the hill above Indian Hollow and Indian Field 
w Inoh IS not in use as a traveled way at present during 
Hx \\lu»le extent. The so-called Baker's Ferry road, across 
\\w lot^ m hnlian Hollow, is of later origin. 

) I ho StMit Invest, or Capawonk Meadows, also called 

Vinponi'hn^. Little Pansett. Ponsitt, or Ponsett. was sepa- 

\A\v\\ lioni (iieat Ponsett by the Capawonk brook, or, as 

someinne'' i-.illecl. Napanset river. The east side pro- 

luirloi^ nil <»f this except the upper part called the Plain, 

winir iIm' west side proprietors had the Plain at two acres 

l,ii oitr The extent of this meadow after rejecting ponds 

,iihl wMillilrss swamps probably did not exceed 275 acres. 

I hi : iiphnul pl.'iin was considered of little value until quite 

titiHlU .nid w;is tised for corn and rye land. The names 

III Ihi iliN I'HMiis. .Scotland, Lower Plain, New Field, Thomp- 

MiiM I Ml. uihI the Park, are of comparatively recent origin. 

I hi iMiniber of west side proprietors who drew lots 

{,, ih) '.iiiiih ;umI Little Meadows was 22, the amount of the 

i.|.,li : I *.M)0: 23 drew in the North Meadow. Probably 

iimI -ill llii- l'.ii^»agers had arrived when the division was 

Minh HIM) rstjites drew as follows and larger or smaller 

|f o Ml |ilM|inl tinn : 


Acres. Rods. 

In 3 divisions in South Meadow 8 144 

In the Meadow Plain 2 55 

In 2 divisions in Little Meadow 2 22 

In 6 divisions in North Meadow 13 159 

27 "SQ 

The rest of the land was used in common for wood 
and pasturage and there was no call for a division of the 
upland plains west of the town for many years. 

A large amount of fencing had to be done as a protection 
against roving animals. Fences were built of posts and 
rails and often had a ditch and embankment on the out- 
side. Some traces of the ditch in the South Meadow could 
still be found in the nineteenth century. The house lots 
probably did not have ditches with the fences. All fences 
were to be sufficient protection against horses, cattle, sheep, 
and hogs, and were four or five rails high with gates where 
needed. It was considered a serious misdemeanor, pun- 
ishable by a heavy fine, to leave a gate open. Great and 
Little Ponsett were fenced as early as 1662 by united labor 
of the settlers on both sides of the river, the Hadley men 
doing about 500 rods of the southern part. In that year 
also, Indian Field was ordered to be fenced "after the 
proportion of 2 rod to each £100 estate." It was then used 
by the savages for their planting ground. Fence viewers 
were appointed yearly, usually two on each side of the 
river. In 1663 each proprietor was ordered to have his 
land marked by "meer-stones" and it was common to have 
initials cut on the posts of the fences to indicate the owner- 
ship of the lots. There was a division fence between the 
land owned by the east and west side proprietors in South 
Meadow. The meadows north of Hatfield were fenced, 
at least in part, before 1670. 




" They have rights who dare maintain them." 

The early town records. — Local self-government by the west side inhab- 
itants at their "side meetings.'' — Desire for full independence. — Petition to 
the General Court for separation and its signers. — Number of families on 
the west side in 1667. — Counter petition of east side inhabitants. — Attempted 
adjustment of the dispute. — Preparations of west side inhabitants for a 
minister and house of worship. — The end of the conflict. — Articles of agree- 

The public records of the settlers on both sides of the 
river during the ten years following 1660 are quite full, 
containing many votes that now seem of slight importance 
though they were at the time no doubt the cause of rnuch 
serious debate. On the other hand many things were not 
recorded that would throw great light on the proceedings 
if fully known. 

The west side inhabitants were allowed from the first 
a large degree of local self-government and held frequent 
"side meetings/' of w^hich a record has been preserved. 
The first entry bears the date of Mar. 31, 1662. How the 
notes of the transaction of public business wxre kept at the 
start is not certain, or by whom, perhaps on loose sheets 
of paper, but they were written out in their present form 
in a bound volume by the first town clerk of Hatfield, 
John Allis, about 1670. The inference is that he also, kept 
the records for the first ten vears. The entries are not in 
chronological order. 

During the first part of this ten year period the desire 
for full independence on the part of the west side settlers 
was growing till it led to a sharp contest and culminated in 
the separation of Hadley and Hatfield in 1670. The num- 
ber of families did not increase as rapidly as was expected 
and it was not practical to separate till each settlement 
could support itself alone. 


In March, 1665, the .town of Hadley voted that the inhab- 
itants on either side should nxake and maintain all their \ 
own highways and bridges except the mill bridge, the 
expense of which was borne equally, and in June of the 
same year it was voted to carry on the work of the town 
and church as one "until the Lord makes it appear that 
one part of us have a call to be a society of ourselves." 
The subject of separation seems to have been agitated 
by the west side inhabitants. 

No petition on the subject was sent to the General Court 
for two years, but from 1667 that body was flooded with 
petitions and letters about the controversy. The first one 
given in full below is dated May 3, 1667: — 

"To the Honored Governor, Dep. Governor, Assistants and Deputies, now 
in General Court assembled: 

"The petition of us whose names are underwritten, being inhabitants of 
the west side of the river at Hadley, sheweth — (May 3, 1667,) — that, whereas 
it hath pleased God to make you the fathers of this Commonwealth, and it 
hath pleased the Lord, by your great care and diligence under him, to 
continue our peace and plenty of outward things, and in a more especial 
tnanner the chief test and principal of all, the Gospel of peace, with the 
liberty of his Sabbaths, which mercies your humble petitioners desire to be 
thankful unto God and you for, that you are so ready and willing for to 
help those that stand in need of help, which hath encouraged us your humble 
petitioners for to make this our address, petition and request, to you for 
relief in this our present distressed state and condition. 

"First, your petitioners, together with their families within the bounds of 
Hadley town, upon the west side of the river, commonly called by the name 
of Connecticut river, where we for the most part have lived about 6 years, 
have attended on God's ordinances on the other side of the river, at tine 
appointed seasons that we could or durst pass over the river, the passing 
being very difficult and dangerous, both in summer and winter, which thing 
hath proved and is an oppressive burden for us to bear, which, if by any 
lawful means it may be avoided, we should be glad and thankful to this 
honored court to ease us therein, conceiving it to be a palpable breach of the 
Sabbath, although it be a maxim in law: nemo debet esse judex in propria 
causa, yet by the Word of God to us, it is evidently plain to be a breach of 
the Sabbath : Ex. xxxv : 2 ; Levit. xxiii : 3, yet many times we are forced to it ; 
for we must come at the instant of time, be the season how it will. Some- 
times we come in considerable numbers in rainy weather, and ^je forced to 
stay till we can empty our. canoes, .that are half full of water, apd before 
we can get to the meetinghouse, are wet to the skin. At other times, in 
winter seasons, we are forced to cut and work them out of the ice, till our 
shirts be wet upon our backs. At other times, the winds are high and 
waters rough, the current strong and the waves ready to swallow us— our 
vessels tossed up and down so that our women and children do screech, and 
arc so affrighted that they are made unfit for ordinances, and cannot hear 
so as to profit by them, by reason of their anguish of spirit ; and when they 
return some of them are more fit for their beds than for family duties and 
God's services, which they ought to attend. 

"In brevity and verity, our difficulties and dangers that we undergo are to 
us Extreme and intolerable; oftentimes some of us have i^allen jnto the 
river. through the ice, and had they not had better help than themselves, they 
had been drowned. Sometimes we have been obliged to carry^otbcil^vjV^^n 


they have broken in, to the knees as they have carried them out, and that 
none hitherto hath been lost, their lives are to be attributed to the care and 
mercv of God. 

••"there is about four score and ten persons on our side of the river, 
that are capable of receiving good by ordinances, but it is seldom that above 
half of them can go to attend, what through the difficulty of passage and 
staying at home by turns and warding, some being weak and small whkh, 
notwithstanding, if the means on our side the river, they might have the 
benetit of the ordinances which now they are deprived of to the grief of us 
all Further, when we do go over the river, we leave our relatives and 
estates King on the outside of the colony, joining to the wilderness, to be a 
prev to the heathen, when they sec their opportunity. Yet, notwithstanding, 
our greatest anxiety and pressure of spirit is that the Sabbath, which should 
he kept bv us hvJy to the Lord, is spent with such unavoidable distractions, 
Knh of the mind and of the body. And for the removing of this, we 
onaniiDixisIv have made our address to our brethren and friends on the 
ocher side of the river, by a petition that they would be pleased to grant us 
;i«^^^- lo I* a society of ourselves, and that we might call a minister to 
dt<Mr:» ih* ^'^^ ^^^ ^'*^* ^^ "^' ^"* ^*^^^' ^y t^iem, would not be granted, 
a^^wH^ «i the OKMUh of June, in the year 1665, it was agreed and voted 
It 1 ^**tl me^tii^. that when the west side had a call of God thereto, they 
9Rw:>^* V a JOciet,v of themselves. We sent a second time to them, entreating 
SjJ"^xNWins u^ J^i^J agreement they would grant our request to put it to a 
ScM»*-Tt«. Nit they will not. so that we, your humble petitioners, have no other 
iiAx oc tiKvanis thai wc know of, but to make our humble address to this 
S.CN>r<si cv^rt for relief, in this our distressed state, humbly praying this 
S^Ny^ AHirt to vouchsafe your poor petitioners that favor as to be a 
«.vtcO V** \Hir*clvos. and have liberty to settle a minister to dispense the 
0«\h«v*wixs of the Lord unto us, which wc hope will be for the furtherance 
v^t W ^^^''^ **' ''^^* l.oTiX amongst us, and for our peace and safety. Not 
tHai ^v desirt' to make any breach among brethren, for to attain our desires, 
^H^ \<^ ^^ hinder the groat work of the Lord amongst us, but that which we 
aim at i* ^^^^ \>*ntrary. Thus, committing our cause to God and this honored 
xNHiit. A«^J «*'* **'****'" >■**"*' ^'<^?R*^ty affairs, we leave to the protection and 
*>»hM«kv of the .Mniighty, which is the prayer of your humble petitioners.— 

*'Vh\^^>^'* NU^kins, Sk.. Danifx White. John Allis. 

\\ M \n»!*» John Weixes, Ob.\diah Dickinson, 

Km^n iVn^*. Sh . Nath'l Dickinson, Jr., Samuel Gilet, 

)\vv* i;n\\>**, lu.KAZER Frary, John Field, 

Kuiivtii^ Mm I IN*;, Samuel Billing, John Coule, Jr., 

\\ M lirii. Samuel Dickinson, Ursula Fellows, 

VvMUi^i IUn»rN. Thomas Meekins, Jr.. Mary Field." 

ioMN tinvN^**. Samuel Kelog. 

\\\\i»ii Wnmnim. Harnahas Hinsdell, 

rho \i\*i\ lNVt> signatures were those of the widows of 

|<hlwu»l lM*llt)\vs anil Zechariah Field, who had represen- 

t^ion a** llu* huatls of their families. Fellows died in 1663 

i\\\\\ l'h*l»l in !(»(>(>. Two of the other original settlers had 

^In^l. h»lni Wliito. Jr., and Stephen Taylor, both in 1665. 

I h^Mu lurnlv tivo families were surely living on the west 

mIiIu mI Ihr rt»nnooticut in 1667. The names of John Cole- 

Mhui. rhilip Ktissull, Samuel Allis, and Benjamin Waite do 

jiill n|>|M'<n «»ii til** petition: perhaps they had not then taken 

^Ik ii)iMi n^sidunor on the west side though they did so 


very soon after. Benjamin Waite's name first appears on 
the town records in 1664, when four acres of meadow land 
were granted him "in some place or places as convenient.** 

A counter petition on the part of the town of Hadley — 
the east side inhabitants — was also sent to the court, 
stating their view of the matter, their principal objections 
being that the communities were not yet strong enough 
to separate and that to have granted the request of those 
who desired to withdraw would have been to "sin against 
the Lord, ourselves, and them.'' It ^ was signed by forty- 
four people. 

The town sent the pastor, Rev. John Russell, to Boston 
with Samuel Smith and Peter Tilton to look after its 
interests, while the west side inhabitants were represented 
by Thomas Meekins, William Allis, and Isaac Graves. The 
court judged it best to make no division at that time, but 
advised that the two parties in the dispute jointly settle ' 
another minister. The petition of the west side people was 
presented again in the month of September, 1667, but no 
agreement was reached. An attempt was then made to settle 
the matter between the factions by correspondence, lasting 
for over a year. The east side did not object to having a 
second minister, but would not consent to the formation of 
two societies and expected the west side to worship with 
them except when crossing the river was difficult. The 
west side people were firm in their intention to have a 
minister constantly with them and to be a society by them- 

In April, 1668, the east side made another answer by 
petition to the General Court written by Mr. Russell, part 
of which ran as follows : — 

"When we moved to this plantation, we engaged to each other to have 
two ministers. We gave to poor men liberty to suit themselves, and those 
who had more estate denied themselves, not taking up half as much as they 
might have done, no man having more than 45 acres of interval land. This 
was done in respect to maintaining the ministry and ordinances. When 
those on the west side of the river took up land there, they did it on 
condition that they were to be one with us and to come to the east side on 
the Sabbath except in extraordinary times, one of the ministers would go 
over to them. The meetinghouse was to be set where it is, for their sakes, 
to our great inconvenience. The difficulties of crossing the river were pre- 
sented to them at first, and they chose to go. In some other towns, the 
river is crossed on the Sabbath. It is doubtful whether they can make a 
plantation of themselves. The place does not afford boggy meadows or such 
like, that men can live upon, but their subsistence must be from theu Vvomt^ 


lots and intervals. A great part of these men are in near relation to us 

and we would not injure them. If the Court judge that our brethren have 

a call of Grod to be by themselves, we trust we shall do our duty wiUiout 

disturbance. Our place is hard, remote and inconvenient. In asking that 

the river may be the bounds between them and us, and all the land on tliat 

^y side pay public charges to them, they demand what is unjust. We are about 

' 46 or 4/ families, and if the river be the bounds, we shall not have so mudi 

\ land to maintain public ordinances as they, who are a little more than half 

as many." — Signed by Henry Clarke, John Russell, Jr., William Goodwin, 

Andrew Bacon, and William Lewis, in the name of the rest of the inhabitants 

of Hadley, on the east side of the river." 

In reply Willialm Allis and Isaac Graves contended that 
while the west side inhabitants stood by the covenant of 
1660, they "did not suppose such a covenant perpetual 
when, things should so change as to require an alteration." 
They felt that they had a clear call of God to be a society. 
They pointed out the danger from the Indians and men- 
tioned the fact that one of their houses was burned on the 
Sabbath not long before. 

And so the struggle continued at Boston and at home 
and much bitter feeling was aroused. The west side people 
were so determined to have a minister of their own at the 
least that, without waiting for further authority from the 
colonial governfment or agreement with their fellow towns- 
men, a committee was appointed Nov. 6, 1668, to provide a 
boarding place for a minister during the winter and make 
arrangements for his comfortable support. At the same 
time it was also voted to choose a committee to draw up a 
list of all the timber necessary for building a meetinghouse 
30 feet square, and to assign work to each man in felling 
timber or getting it ready for use. 

The next day, Nov. 7, the General Court at Boston 
voted : "In answer to the petitioners on the west side of the 
river at Hadley, the Court judgeth it meet that they be 
allowed to procure an able minister to settle with them on 
their side of the river, for whose maintenance they are 
carefully and comfortably to provide, and shall be freed 
from the maintenance of the minister on the east side, unless 
the inhabitants on the east side of the river and they shall 
agree together for the maintenance and allowance of both 
jointly; provided that the inhabitants of the west side 
shall not rate any of the estates or lands of the inhabitants 
of the east side lying on the west side of the river, toward 
the maintenance of their ministry." 


On Nov. 21st at a "side meeting" it was voted to choose 
Thomas Meekins, Jr., William Allis, and John Graves a 
committee to procure a minister, and on the 17th of the 
succeeding May, 1669, it was "manifested" that they were 
willing to call Rev. Hope Atherton to the ministry and a 
salary of £50 was authorized. Evidently word of the action 
was hastened to Boston, for in the same month Thomas 
Meekins and Isaac Graves informed the General Court 
of what had been done about the meetinghouse and that 
they had "already pitched upon a man who is recommended 
to us by sundry reverend and godly persons and hope we 
shall obtain his help. The man whom we have in our eye 
is one Mr. Atherton, a son of the late Worshipful Hum- 
phrey Atherton of Dorchester." Very likely Mr. Atherton 
had been preaching in his new field during the preceding 

Mr. Russell and his followers still fought against the 
separation, raising again the difficulty of dividing the land 
as an issue, and the lack of sufficient "boggy meadows," 
but they finally yielded as gracefully as they could to the 
inevitable and the conffict was ended on the 22d of Decem- 
ber, 1669, by the following agreement, here given in full, 
signed by men from each side of the river : — 

"Articles of agreement between the inhabitants on the east side of the 
river in Hadley with those of the same town on the west side of the river. 

"1. It is covenanted and agreed that those on the east side of the river 
do grant and give to those on the west side, liberty to be a distinct town or 
township of themselves, and so of and among themselves to carry on all 
their common or town occasions; and this to take place as soon as the 
Gen. Court shall grant their approbation or allowance thereof. 

"2. For the bounds of each society or town, those on the east side are 
to have and enjoy now and forever the free and full disposal of all the land 
on the east side of the river, for the maintaining of all common charges 
respecting things ecclesiastical or civil. 

"And on the west side, the bounds between the two societies or towns 
are to be the highway between their several furlongs of land, viz. the 
highway running from the river to the Widow Fellows her house; and from 
thence downwards, the fence to be the bounds until it comes to the Mill 
river, and then the river to be the bounds until it meets with Mr. Webster's 
lot in Little Ponsett; and from thence the fence of Little Ponsett to be 
bounds unto Connecticut River, where the end of the said fence is ; this to 
be and remain forever the bounds of each society or town, for the main- 
taining of the rights and privileges of each; viz. all the land on the lower 
or southwest side of the highway shall be unto the society or town of 
Hadley on the east side of Connecticut, and all every parcel thereof to pay 
all common charges to the said town of Hadley on the east side of the 
river. Except those lands within the said highway and fence which are 
already either given or sold to inhabitants on the west side; which land or 
parcels of land are the whole accommodations of Mr. Terry ou tVv^ >Nt^\. 


side of the river; and the whole accommodations of Nathaniel Dickin- 
son, sen. and half of Mr. Webster's accommodations there, and John Hawks 
his whole accommodations, and all Joseph Kellogg's, and all Adam NichoUs 
his, and that which was Samuel Gardner's in Little Ponset, and Goodman 
Crow's in Little Ponsett, and Nathaniel Stanley's in Little Ponsett, and 
Richard Montague's in Great Ponsett ; and Jos. Baldwin's whole accommoda- 
tions, and John White's in Great Ponsett, and John Dickinson's in Little 
Ponsett; and except 12 acres and a half above and besides all this when it 
shall be given or sold to ah inhabitant or inhabitants on the west side of the 
river; all the other land within the lower part or S. West side of the high- 
way and the forenamed fence to be to the town on the east side of the 
river forever. 

"And the Society on the west side of the river are to have for their 
bounds all the land on the west side of the river of Connecticut, except 
what lies within the highway from the river to the widow Fellows her 
house, and within the fence abovenamed. All the rest of the land not 
within the said highway and fence to be to the town and society on the west 
side of the river and at their free and full dispose forever, for the main- 
taining of all common charges respecting things civil and ecclesiastical. And 
they also are to have all the land within the highway and fence on the 
south west or lower side of the river, that is already given or sold to any 
inhabitant on the west side, which land in all the particulars and parcels of 
it is above specified, with 125^^ acres more, which shall be next given or sold 
to any inhabitants etc.; to be to the society and town on the west side for 
the maintaining of all common charges forever. Only provided they shall 
not dispose of any land without the consent of the town, to any that arc not 
approved and settled inhabitants of the town, until the General Court have 
granted them to be a town of themselves, and then forthwith and forever 
to have the full dispose of all the land on the west side of the river except 
that above excepted, for the maintenance of all common charges. 

"3. It is mutually agreed and covenanted that the society or town of 
Hadley on the east side of the river, have liberty to get fencing stuff on the 
west side of the river, for their land lying on that side of the river, both 
now and from time to time always, as also to get timber if any see cause to 
build a barn or shelter for securing his fruits raised there. The present 
fence in being, and the rest of the common fence [an omission here]. 

"4. The inhabitants of the west side shall allow to those on the east side 
the sum of £6 as the remainder of what is due for purchase money to the 
said inhabitants on the cast side. 

**5. In case there shall hereafter be a ferry between these two places, 
this agreement shall be no detriment with respect thereto to those on either 
side more than if they continued one town, 

"Hereunto as a full and final issue of all controversy respecting our 
bounds of each society, and the manner or way of maintaining their public 
charges, (notwithstanding all manner of sales or gifts that shall or may be,) 
we who were chosen by each Company, viz. those on the east and those on 
the west side the river respectively, and impowered to issue the said differ- 
ence, have set to our hands, this present 22d of December, 1669. 

"Henry Clarke, Tho. Meekins, Sen., 

John Russel, Jr., William Allice, 

Samuel Smith, John Coule, Sen., 

Nathan'l Dickinson, sr., Isaac Graves, 

Peter Tillton, Samuel Belden." 



"And plant amid the wilderness 
The hamlet and the town ** 

The act of incorporation. — Name. — First town meeting. — The freeman's 
oath. — Application of colonial laws regarding citizenship. — Establishment of 
the church society. — Building of the meetinghouse. — Rev. Hope Atherton 
accepts call. — Specifications for his house. — The burying ground. — Organiza- 
tion of the church. 

The town of Hatfield was incorporated May 31, 1670, 
authorized by the following act of the General Court: — 

"In answer to the petition of the inhabitants of Hadley on the west side 
of the riuer, that they may be allowed to be a toune of themselves, distinct 
from Hadley on the east side, the deputy of Hadley certifying that that toune 
haue consented to release them if this Court doe approove thereof, etc. this 
Court doe therefore allow them on the west side of the riuer, to be a 
touneship distinct from them on the east side of the riuer, and doe grant 
them a tract of land westward, sixe miles back into the woods from the 
great riuer ; their southerly bounds to be Northampton northerly bounds, and 
the land which Hadley reserves to themselves, and from their sajd southerly 
Ijne to ninne vp the riuer northerly upon the square sixe miles; their north- 
erly bounds likewise to runne backe from the great riuer sixe miles westward, 
as before, reserving proprieties formerly granted to any person; and that 
this toune be called Hattfeilds." 

The land reserved by Hadley was the part on the South 
Meadow owned by east side proprietors as stated in the 
articles of agreement. 

The name was taken from that of a town on the river 
Lea, Hertfordshire County, in England. Whether any of 
the settlers came from there is not known, but it is highly 
probable that some at least were from that vicinity. The 
names of Allis and Morton were borne by former residents 
of the English town. Hadleigh and Northampton in the 
old country are situated not far distant, though not as 
close as in New England. (See Appendix, Note 4.) 

The first town, as distinguished from "side," meeting was 
held Aug. 8, 1670, and the following votes are recorded: — 

"At a Town meeting in the Town of Hatfield the eighth of August. 1670 
the Town hath manifest that they were willing to grant to Mr C^\tVi 


Wattson a hundred pound allotment with an eight acre houselot provided 
they and he do agree upon terms when they shall speak together. 

"The 8th of August 1670 the Town of Hatfield hath granted to allow 
Mr Hope Atherton sixty pounds per year during his work in the ministry 
amongst us, provided they are free from providing him wood for his firing. 

'The 8th of August 1670 the Town of Hatfield hath granted Richard 
Billings liberty to mow the grass yearly that is in the Highway which goetii 
through the hollow in Little meadow to the great Bridge." 

It was apparently a great source of pleasure to the clerk 
to be able to write in full "the town of Hatfield." After a 
few meetings this longer form was dropped and the record 
says merely, "The town hath voted," or "at a meeting 
in Hatfield." 

The first selectmen were Nathaniel Dickinson, Sr., 
William Allis, John Cowles, Sr., Isaac Graves, John Cole- 

To become a legal citizen of the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony every man over twenty years of age and six months 
a householder was required to take the freeman's oath, 
the original draft of which, made by John Winthrop, 
is in the Boston Public Library. It is interesting to note 
that the first work of the first printing press set up in the 
English speaking colonies of America was to print this 
oath, in 1638. It read as follows: — 

"I, , being by God's providence, an Inhabitant and Freeman, within 

the Jurisdiction of this Commonwealth ; do freely acknowledge my self to 
be subject to the Government thereof; And therefore do here swear by die 
great and dreadful Name of the Everlasting God that I will be true and 
faithful to the same, and will accordingly yield assistance and support there- 
unto, with my person and estate, as in equity I am bound; and will also 
truly endeavor to maintain and preserve all the liberties and priviledges 
thereof, submitting my self to the wholesome Lawes & Orders made and 
established by the same. And further, that I will not plot or practice any 
evil against it, or consent to any that shall do so; but will timely discover 
and reveal the same to lawful! Authority now here established, for die 
speedy presenting thereof. 

"Moreover. I doe solemnly bind my self in the sight of God, when I 
shall be called to give my voyce touching any such matter of this State, in 
which Free-men are to deal, I will give my vote and suffrage as I shall 
judge in mine own conscience may but conduce and tend to the publike w^ 
of the body, without respect of persons, or favour of any man. So help me 
God in the Lord Jesus Christ." 

According to the early laws of the colony none but 
clutrch iiienihers could be freemen and none but freemen 
could hold office or vote, but before Hadley and Hatfield 
were settled the laws had been modified so that non-free- 
men could vote in town affairs and hold town offices. Judd 
savs: "In Hadlev the distinction of freemen and non-free- 


men is seldom alluded to in the records. It is evident 
that the town meetings were open to all and that all came 
together and debated and voted freely respecting town 
affairs. Only freemen voted for Magistrates or Assistants, 
County Commissioners, and Treasurer, and they chose dep- 
uties to the General Court." The Magistrates were a 
legislative body similar to the Senate. 

The holding of town office was thought by some to be 
burdensome and for that reason some men neglected 
to qualify as freemen to escape holding office. Later it 
became a law that all who were chosen to office should 
serve or pay a fine. Even then some chose the fine rather 
than the work. 

The early records of Hatfield contain nothing to indicate 
that the niceties of the law in regard to who should par- 
ticipate in town affairs were considered of great importance. 
The severities of the struggle for existence, — the physical 
battle against natural obstacles — and the greater struggle 
for independence, begun in the towns on the Bay, continued 
in Hartford and Wethersfield, and culminating in the long- 
drawn-out and bitter contest with their brethren on the 
east of the river had so united the settlers in spirit as well 
as in action that finespun distinctions were disregarded. 
All who were freemen in spirit were probably regarded as 
freemen within the meaning of the law when it came to 
action in town affairs. 

Great care was exercised, however, regarding those who 
were allowed to become residents and none who were con- 
sidered undesirable were permitted to take up land. At 
the early date of 1672 a vote of the town prohibited even 
the entertainment of strangers, except relatives or friends 
for short visits, without permission from the selectmen. 

Equal in importance with the establishment of civil gov- 
ernment was the establishment of a church society, or, in 
the language of the early settlers, "the setting up of 
ordinances," for in those days there was no distinction 
between town and parish. No plantation was considered 
a town till it had made or was able to make provision for 
a minister and a meetinghouse. The action of the Hatfield 
men in opening negotiation for securing a minister and 
in building or preparing to build a house of worsh\\i beloT^ 


the dispute with the mother town was settled by the tri- 
bunal to which it was referred undoubtedly had great weight 
with the members of the General Court, so that in spite of 
the arguments of the Hadley men their cause fell to the 
ground and the separation was authorized. The delay in 
building the Hadley meetinghouse must have been known 
at Boston. 

The meetinghouse in Hatfield was built in 1668, though 
evidently not wholly completed. The records of that year 
relate chiefly to the work upon the structure, which was 
pushed as rapidly as possible, each man doing his part. 
It stood in the middle of the street facing east and west, 
probably not far from the site of all the subsequent meet- 
inghouses till the present Congregational church was built 
in 1849, a few rods south of the present edifice. A pulpit 
was built at the west and about two years later another 
one, the boards of the old pulpit being given to Isaac 
Graves "to recompense him for maintaining the committee 
that came up to decide the difference between Hadley and 
us." The seats were rude benches at first, making a divi- 
sion of the house, which was thirty feet square, into four 
sections, though perhaps the benches in front ran without 
break the whole width of the interior except for side 
aisles, for at the time of the renovations it was voted that 
an "alley'' should be left from the east door to the pulpit. 
Probably square pews and galleries were then built. Per- 
haps there were doors at the north and south sides also 
and several windows closed with shutters. It had a four 
sided roof flat on top. There were no means of heating. 
In 1669 a rate was ordered to purchase glass for the 
windows, but it is doubtful if the windows were glazed 
at that time. The selectmen were appointed to arrange 
for the seating of the people. 

Rev. Hope Atherton of Dorchester, a graduate of Har- 
vard College in the class of 1665, accepted the call extended 
to him in May, 1669. It was voted to give him in 
addition to his house lot a ministerial allotment in the 
meadows, to build him a house and to allow him £60 a year, 
two thirds in good merchantable wheat and one third in 
pork, with the stipulation that "if our crops fall short so 
that we cannot pay him in kind, then we are to pay hrm 


in the next best we have." It was also provided that if 
he left the church before his death he was to refund certain 
sums. If he remained in his pastorate till his death the 
allotments of land and the house were to become the pos- 
session of his heirs. His meadow allotment was in East 
Division, the six acres now owned by D. W. Wells just 
below the houses on South Street. His house lot was the 
Goodwin place now owned and occupied by G. A. Billings. 
The specifications for his house given in the records show 
that he was to have a dwelling much superior to any others 
in the settlement: the side agreed to build a house "forty 
foot long and twenty foot wide, double story and a porch 
seven foot square below to be fitted proportionately above 
the first story and to lay two floors of joists throughout 
the house and in the porch and to close the house with 
clapboards and to board the roof of both and to cover them 
with good shingles and to build fire chimneys and to under- 
pin the house well with stone and also lath and fix up the 
walls of the house and to set up at each gable end priamidy 
and flueboards." The meaning of "priamidy" is rather 
obscure. Probably it refers to ornamentation on the out- 
side of the house. The "old Indian house" at Deerfield 
had pinnacles projecting as ornaments and George Sheldon, 
who was consulted for an explanation of the term, sug- 
gested that ornamental pyramids were probably to be a 
feature of the gable ends. The flueboards, more commonly 
called flashboards, were probably projected as an ornamental 

Another act accomplished before separation was author- 
ized was to provide for a burying ground on the west of 
the river. These votes are taken from the town records, 
the dates being old style (really in 1670) : — 

"Feb. 14, 1669. The side hath chose a committee being John Cowles, Senr., 
Richard Billings, Isaac Graves, Samuel Belden and Daniel White for to view 
a piece of land for a burying place upon the Plain near Thomas Meekins 
his piece of land that lyeth on the southwest side of the mill river beyond 
the bridge that is in the highway that goeth over toward Northampton." 

"Feb. 16, 1669. The side at a meeting did agree that it should be twenty 
rod long easterly and westerly and eight rod wide southerly and northerly, 
and that it should be in the place where they have determined it should be, 
which is by the side of the aforesaid land of Thomas Meekins." 

It may be taken for granted that it was located forth- 
with where they "determined'' and has been from lVv^.\. 


time onward. No permanent markers tor the graves were 
used at first. The earliest date on a stone in the old 
burying ground on "the Hill" is on the grave of Capt, 
John Allis, 1691, There is a tradition that at first a portion 
of the South Meadow near the street was used as a ceme- 
tery and another that some land near the Connecticut 

at the end of the house lot of John White. Jr., was the site 
of the first graves, but no discoveries have ever been made 
tending to confirm these traditions. The probability is 
that the settlers who died before 1670 were buried on the 
other side of the river in "the Hadley burying ground. 

The exact date of the organization of the church in 
Hatfield is problematical. Holland in his "History of 
Western ilassachusetts" places it at the beginning of the 
year 1671. Hubbard in the sketch in the "History of the 
Connecticut Valley" gives the date as Feb. 1, 1671, and 
Temple in his "History of Whately," April 1, of the same 
year. The reason for these dates being taken is the refer- 
ences in the town records to a fast held in the last part of 
January of that year "in view of the great work of setting 
up the ordinance.'i" and to the "gathering in of the church," 
In 1670, Kev. Hope Atherton requested of the County 
Court libcrtv to "enter into church estate." A letter from 


Rev. Stephen Williams, pastor in Longmeadow and author 
of the Appendix to "The Redeemed Captive," to President 
Ezra Stiles of Yale College, dated June 8, 1781, mentioned 
by Sheldon in his "History of Deerfield," states that Mr. 
Atherton was ordained May 10, 1670. Where was he 
ordained except in Hatfield? 

The Hatfield church is the fourth in point of age in the 
Connecticut valley in Massachusetts, the others being 
Springfield, 1637; Hadley, 1659; Northampton, 1661. 

Mr. Atherton had been with the people some of the time 
at least for two or three years previous to 1671. The 
haste to finish the meetinghouse would seem to indicate 
that preaching services were held in it by the fail or winter 
of 1668. The difficult question to determine is whether 
the first inhabitants considered the establishment of the 
church made when the minister was installed or whether a 
further formal organization was necessary, probably the 
latter. The votes alluded to in a previous paragraph are 
here given in full, the dates being old style : — 

*^ail. 13, 1670. The town considering of the great and weightiness of the 
work they have hitherto by the help of God been endeavoring after, viz ; the 
settinir up of God's ordinances amongst us, and having by the goodness of 
God been carried in our desires that way so far as we are, do think it our 
duty to undertake the gathering of a church in this place and in preparation 
to that work have appointed the twenty-first day of this instant February to 
be kept a day of humiliation to ask the Lord for his help and guidance in a 
work of so great concernment and do give liberty to as many of the town 
as do desire to be present upon that day. 

"Jan. 26, 1670. The inhabitants of Hatfield now present at a meeting do 
unanimously consent that the choice of such as shall begin a church in this 
place shall be attempted amongst ourselves we have also manifested that 
they were willing that Mr. Atherton and all the members of other churches 
that are inhabiting this place shall be the persons that shall first begin the 
gathering of a church in this place and have also farther manifested that they 
were willing to have full power of chosing three persons to make up nine 
to join in the aforesaid work into the hands of the persons aforesaid, viz: 
Mr. Atherton and the members aforesaid." 

These eight men, who with the pastor were the nucleus 
of the church, are supposed to have been Thomas Meekins, 
Sr., William Allis, John Coleman, John Cowles, Sr., Isaac 
Graves, Samuel Belden, Richard Billings, and William 

Himself well versed in church and local history, Temple 
in his "History of Whately" makes this comment on the 
puzzling records: "The exact import of this last clause 
is not apparent. As seven is the least number by which 


the rule of church discipline in the eighteenth chapter of 
Matthew can be reduced to practice, that number has been 
held necessary to form a church. Also at Westfield, in 
1679, seven men called .'foundation men,' were selected 
to be formed into church state." 

The number of church members secured is also unknown, 
but the little band, firm in faith if few in numbers, deter- 
mined and resolute, had secured for themselves and their 
children the liberty to worship as they pleased, a liberty 
dearer to them than freedom from civil restrictions, and 
they were not daunted by the prospect of supporting the 
pastor of their choice. 



INDIAN WARS, 1670-1675. 

'* Let not Ambition mock their useful toil, 
Their homely joy and destiny obscure." 

Growth of the town in population and territory. — Additional home lots 
granted by 1675. — Increase of wealth. — Methods of payment. — Currency. — 
Public works. — Division of the swamps. — Relations with Jthe Indians. — Re- 
straints on the sale of firearms and intoxicants. — The River Indians and their 
tribes. — Their numbers. — The United Colonies and organization of militia. — 
Hampshire County. — Contribution for Harvard College. 

In the preceding chapters the birth of the town has been 
recorded and the events of its period of adolescence dwelt 
upon with some degree of fullness. To pursue the figure 
further, May 31, 1670, should be called the date when it 
attained its majority, and this and succeeding chapters will 
relate its progress toward maturity and age. 

The rhythmic or periodic development of the life of indi- 
viduals is a phenomenon which has been observed by 
investigators. There are periods of rapid physical growth 
followed by periods of rest and of preparation for other 
changes; at other periods the mental development is rapid, 
followed by a period of inactivity that surprises the ob- 
server. There is a recurrence of these periods all through 
life and each has sharply defined characteristics, though 
the transitions are gradual in many cases. While no exact 
rule can be laid down that covers all individual cases they 
seem to follow a general law of growth. That history 
repeats itself is . a rather trite saying. The student of 
history can but mark* the periods or eras into which his 
subject naturally divides itself, seen no less in the history of 
a town than on a larger scale. This rhythmic, seemingly 
wavelike, progress, with periods of growth, of storm and 
stress, of rest, perhaps also of decline, in the history of 
Hatfield follows very closely the rhythmic movement of the 
great national development of which it is a part, with 


some variation due to particular circumstances aflfecting 
the town or region alone. 

Hatfield's growth for the first five years after incorpora- 
tion was not rapid, but it was steady. The years 1670 to 
1675 were a period of peace and of preparation for the 
struggle against the Indians, which resulted in the complete 
mastery of the Connecticut valley by the whites and the 
settlement of other frontier towns. 

Additional territory was secured by the purchase from 
the Indians of the meadows and uplands comprising the 
present town of Whately in 1672. This purchase has been 
spoken of in Chapter I. There is a note in the town 
records of approval of the terms of the bargain. At about 
the same time the planting field of the Indians in the South 
Meadow was secured and the Indians rented land for use, 
the settlers often doing the fitting of the land and the 
cultivation of the crops. 

An attempt to extend the town boundaries southward 
failed. In 1672 a petition was sent to the General Court 
to "preserve the bounds within Northampton. *' There 
was dispute over the matter till 1720. 

The town records from Apr. 7, 1673, to Aug. 17, 1677, 
\ are missing and with them beyond any question of doubt 
a valuable treasury of first hand information. 

Many grants of home lots to prospective inhabitants 
were made by the **side'' before 1670 and by the town 
from 1670 to 1673. The chart on the opposite page shows 
the location of the homesteads on the street above Middle 
Lane, now School Street, in the year 1675, those printed in 
italics appearing also on the chart showing grants made in 
1661-70. Not all the lots were built upon, however, till 
after King Philip's war. They were mostly of eight 
acres each. The highway north from Philip Russell's was 
to be seven rods wide. 

Some changes should be noted in the locations on 
the earlier chart, as some of the lots had been forfeited 
and regranted. No one occupied the Bull lot for many 
years and it was granted to Mr. Atherton, though not 
used by him for residence. He lived, as previously 
noted, on the Goodwin lot. Nicholas Worthington married 
the widow of John A\'hite, Jr., and took his allotment. 



Barnabas Hinsdale married the widow of Stephen Taylor 
in 1666 and lived in her house. Nathaniel Dickinson, Sr., 
had moved from Hadley and lived for a few years on the 
Benton lot. He returned to the other side of the river, 
where he died June 16, 1676. Thomas Meekins, Jr., lived 
on his father's lot when the latter moved his residence to 
the mill. Richard Fellows, 2d, and John Field owned the 
lots originally granted their fathers, who had both died. 

Rods wide. Rods wide. 

WiUiam King 
Samuel Field 
Benjamin Waite 
John Graves, Jr. 
Samuel Ball 
Robert Danks 


Deerfield Lane 


Isaac Graves, Jr. 
Samuel Northam 
Richard Morton 

Town lot 
John Hawkes 



Thomas Bracy 

Highway to the river 

20 Hezekiah Dickinson 

20 William Scott 

16 Daniel Belden 

16 Samuel Allis 

16 Samuel Marsh 

16 Nathaniel Foote 

16 Philip Russell 

16 Samuel Gillett 

18 John Wells 

16 John Coleman 

16 Samuel Belden 

Middle Lane 

Chart op the House Lots at the Upper End of the Street, 
Granted by 1675, those in italics also appearing on previous chart. 

The wealth of the settlers increased at a moderate rate. 
There was not a great deal of trade. Supplies which could 
not be produced at home were bought of the Pynchons in 
Springfield in exchange for farm products. Grain, wool, 
yarn of woolen or flax, cloth, pork, and probably some beef 
were sent down the river to find a market in Boston or the 
Connecticut towns. In the almost patriarchal state of 
society that then existed the increase of the flocks and 
herds was the chief source of addition to property. As 
the animals became more numerous more land was brought 
under cultivation. 

There was little currency in circulation and little need 
of it. "Provision pay" was legal tender for public and 
private debts. What money there was in circulation con- 
sisted mostly of Spanish reals and pieces-of-eight, the 
former being silver coins worth ninepence, or twelve and 


one half cents. The pieces-of-eight derived their name 
from the fact that they contained eight reals, or rials. 
They were not called dollars till the middle of the eighteenth 
century. Double and half reals were also in circulation. 
The English pound of that time was worth about three 
dollars. The currency was in denominations of crowns 
(five shillings or one fourth of a pound), half crowns, shil- 
lings, pence, and farthings. Most of the coins were of 
silver, even the smaller pieces, as the English did not like 
a copper currency. Massachusetts began in 1652 to coin 
money, which passed readily in some of the other colonies 
also. It was 22j^ per cent, lighter than the English money, 
for the purpose of keeping the money at home, and of the 
same purity. Pieces of a shilling, six, three, and two pence 
were coined by the mint, which was in operation for about 
thirty years. The shillings, called pine tree shillings from 
the fact that one side contained the likeness of a pine tree, 
weighed 72 grains. The new currency was put on a firm 
basis in 1672, when the value of pieces-of-eight of full weight 
was fixed at six shillings. In 1642 their value had been 
fixed at 4s. 6d. in England. 

Wheat was the most used medium of exchange in the 
valley towns, though corn and pork were also standard 
and peas and oats were sometimes used. One duty of the 
constables was to collect the rates, or taxes, of grain, which 
were made at very frequent intervals. A vote of Jan. 14. 
1672-3, fixed the price of winter wheat in Hatfield at 3s. 6d. 
per bushel. At the same time a town rate of £10, 10s. was 
ordered. Besides the town rates there were county and 
colony rates payable in grain at fixed prices. While not 
adapted to twentieth century methods of business and 
probably used by the early settlers more from necessity 
than for any other reason, wheat and other provisions 
furnished a sufficiently good circulating medium and served 
the purpose well, just as the iron currency of the Spartans 
did for them when Sparta was young. Business relations 
with the Athens of America had hardly begun in 1672. 

Public improvements in the town went on rapidly. Some 
work in clearing the highways of brush was done each year, 
for neglect of which the inhabitants were fined. Fencing of 
higlnvavs and meadows received considerable attention and 


additional highways were made through the North Meadows. 
Making a highway often meant only surveying and staking 
out its course, the traveled way being made by use. Some 
of the swamps were drained at the expense of the town 
and additional land for mowing thereby gained. A general 
division of the Mill Swamp was begun in 1672, a few lots 
having been granted in it previously, and two or three 
roads were ordered to be made to render the lots easy of 
access. According to agreement, before the drawings for 
lots were made, those who could not easily get to their 
land were allowed to cross the lots of others. Drawings 
were made in order of the house lots beginning with 
Tho^mas Meekins and then up the west side of the street 
from south to north and down the other side. House 
lots not yet occupied were also granted swamp land. The 
lots in the swamps were numbered and Z7 were drawn. 
At about the same time part of the swamp land north of 
the Great or North Meadow was taken up, each proprietor 
receiving ten acres, if in the Mill Swamp, and a little more 
if in the other. 

Much labor was performed by united effort. All the 
buildings were raised in that way, as is the case to-day with 
barns. The fences were made by individuals, but if any 
man did not complete within a specified time the fencing 
required for mutual protection and decreed by common 
consent in town meeting, he was fined and in addition 
had to pay any damages arising from neglect. 

The practice of pasturing the flocks and herds together 
on the undivided common land was begun at an early date, 
each man taking his turn at herding at first, and each 
owner had an ear mark to distinguish his stock. August 12, 
1672, the town voted that each man having three or more 
cattle must take his turn or be fined 2s. 3d. and pay 
damages arising from neglect. When at a later date, 1680, 
a cattle keeper was appointed at a fixed rate of pay, the 
owners had to take turns on the Sabbath to allow the 
herdsman to attend public worship. The cows and other 
good neat stock were taken out by an hour after 
sunrise to good pasturage and returned before sundown. 
The inhabitants took turns in keeping a bull. After the 
crops were gathered the cattle were turned loose in the 


the dispute with the mother town was settled by the tri- 
bunal to which it was referred undoubtedly had great weight 
with the members of the General Court, so that in spite of 
the arguments of the Hadley men their cause fell to the 
ground and the separation was authorized. The delay in 
building the Hadley meetinghouse must have been known 
at Boston. 

The meetinghouse in Hatfield was built in 1668, though 
evidently not wholly completed. The records of that year 
relate chiefly to the work upon the structure, which was 
pushed as rapidly as possible, each man doing his part. 
It stood in the middle of the street facing east and west, 
probably not far from the site of all the subsequent meet- 
inghouses till the present Congregational church was built 
in 1849, a few rods south of the present edifice. A pulpit 
was built at the west and about two years later another 
one, the boards of the old pulpit being given to Isaac 
Graves "to recompense him for maintaining the committee 
that came up to decide the difference between Hadley and 
us." The seats were rude benches at first, making a divi- 
sion of the house, which was thirty feet square, into four 
sections, though perhaps the benches in front ran without 
break the whole width of the interior except for side 
aisles, for at the time of the renovations it was voted that 
an "alley'' should be left from the east door to the pulpit. 
Probably square pews and galleries were then built. Per- 
haps there were doors at the north and south sides also 
and several windows closed with shutters. It had a four 
sided roof flat on top. There were no means of heating. 
In 1669 a rate was ordered to purchase glass for the 
windows, but it is doubtful if the windows were glazed 
at that time. The selectmen were appointed to arrange 
for the seating of the people. 

Rev. Hope Atherton of Dorchester, a graduate of Har- 
vard College in the class of 1665, accepted the call extended 
to him in May, 1669. It was voted to give him in 
addition to his house lot a ministerial allotment in the 
meadows, to build him a house and to allow him £60 a year, 
two thirds in good merchantable wheat and one third in 
pork, with the stipulation that "if our crops fall short so 
that we cannot pay him in kind, then we are to pay him 


in the next best we have." It was also provided that if 
he left the church before his death he was to refund certain 
sums. If he remained in his pastorate till his death the 
allotments of land and the house were to become the pos- 
session of his heirs. His meadow allotment was in East 
Division, the six acres now owned by D. W. Wells just 
below the houses on South Street. His house lot was the 
Goodwin place now owned and occupied by G. A. Billings. 
The specifications for his house given in the records show 
that he was to have a dwelling much superior to any others 
in the settlement: the side agreed to build a house "forty 
foot long and twenty foot wide, double story and a porch 
seven foot square below to be fitted proportionately above 
the first story and to lay two floors of joists throughout 
the house and in the porch and to close the house with 
clapboards and to board the roof of both and to cover them 
with good shingles and to build fire chimneys and to under- 
pin the house well with stone and also lath and fix up the 
walls of the house and to set up at each gable end priamidy 
and flueboards." The meaning of "priamidy" is rather 
obscure. Probably it refers to ornamentation on the out- 
side of the house. The "old Indian house" at Deerfield 
had pinnacles projecting as ornaments and George Sheldon, 
who was consulted for an explanation of the term, sug- 
gested that ornamental pyramids were probably to be a 
feature of the gable ends. The flueboards, more commonly 
called flashboards, were probably projected as an ornamental 

Another act accomplished before separation was author- 
ized was to provide for a burying ground on the west of 
the river. These votes are taken from the town records, 
the dates being old style (really in 1670) : — 

"Feb. 14, 1669. The side hath chose a committee being John Cowles, Senr., 
Richard Billings, Isaac Graves, Samuel Belden and Daniel White for to view 
a piece of land for a burying place upon the Plain near Thomas Meekins 
his piece of land that lyeth on the southwest side of the mill river beyond 
the bridge that is in the highway that goeth over toward Northampton." 

"Feb. 16, 1669. The side at a meeting did agree that it should be twenty 
rod long easterly and westerly and eight rod wide southerly and northerly, 
and that it should be in the place where they have determined it should be, 
which is by the side of the aforesaid land of Thomas Meekins." 

It may be taken for granted that it was located forth- 
with where they "determined'' and has been from that 



time onward. No permanent markers for the graves were 
used at first. The earliest date on a stone in the old 
burying ground on "the Hill" is on the grave of Capt. 
John Allis, 1691. There is a tradition that at first a portion 
of the South Meadow near the street was used as a ceme- 
tery and another that some land near the Connecticut 

at the end of the house lot of John White, Jr., was the site 
of the first graves, but no discoveries have ever been made 
tending to confirm these traditions. The probability is 
that the settlers who died before 1670 were buried on the 
other side of the river in the Hadley burying ground. 

The exact date of the organization of the church in 
Hatfield is prnblematical. Holland in his "History of 
Western Massachusetts" places it at the beginning of the 
year 1671. Hubbard in the sketch in the "History of the 
Connecticut Valley" gives the date as Feb. 1, 1671, and 
Temple in his "History of Whately," April 1, of the same 
year. The reason for these dates being taken is the refer- 
ences in the town records to a fast held in the last part of 
January of that year "in view of the great work of setting 
up the ordinances" and to the "gathering in of the church." 
In 1670. Kev. Hope .\therton requested of the County 
Court liberty to "enter into church estate," A letter from 


Rev. Stephen Williams, pastor in Longmeadow and author 
3f the Appendix to "The Redeemed Captive/' to President 
Ezra Stiles of Yale College, dated June 8, 1781, mentioned 
Dy Sheldon in his "History of Deerfield," states that Mr. 
\therton was ordained May 10, 1670. Where was he 
Drdained except in Hatfield? 

The Hatfield church is the fourth in point of age in the 
Connecticut valley in Massachusetts, the others being 
Springfield, 1637; Hadley, 1659; Northampton, 1661. 

Mr. Atherton had been with the people some of the time 
It least for two or three years previous to 1671. The 
baste to finish the meetinghouse would seem to indicate 
that preaching services were held in it by the fall or winter 
oi 1668. The difficult question to determine is whether 
the first inhabitants considered the establishment of the 
chujrch made when the minister was installed or whether a 
farther formal organization was necessary, probably the 
letter. The votes alluded to in a previous paragraph are 
bere pven in full, the dates being old style : — 

•yan. 13, 1670. The town considering of the great and weightiness of the 
wonc they have hitherto by the help of God been endeavoring after, viz ; the 
setting up of God's ordinances amongst us, and having by the goodness of 
(iod been carried in our desires that way so far as we are, do think it our 
duty to undertake the gathering of a church in this place and in preparation 
to that work have appointed the twenty-first day of this instant February to 
be kept a day of humiliation to ask the Lord for his help and guidance in a 
work of so great concernment and do give liberty to as many of the town 
as do desire to be present upon that day. 

**Jan. 26, 1670. The inhabitants of Hatfield now present at a meeting do 
unanimously consent that the choice of such as shall begin a church in this 
place shall be attempted amongst ourselves we have also manifested that 
they were willing that Mr. Atherton and all the members of other churches 
that are inhabiting this place shall be the persons that shall first begin the 
gathering of a church in this place and have also farther manifested that they 
were willing to have full power of chosing three persons to make up nine 
to join in the aforesaid work into the hands of the persons aforesaid, viz: 
Mr. Atherton and the members aforesaid." 

These eight men, who with the pastor were the nucleus 
of the church, are supposed to have been Thomas Meekins, 
Sr., William Allis, John Coleman, John Cowles, Sr., Isaac 
Graves, Samuel Belden, Richard Billings, and William 

Himself well versed in church and local history, Temple 
in his "History of Whately'' makes this comment on the 
puzzling records: "The exact import of this last clause 
is not apparent. As seven is the least number by which 


the rule of church discipline in the eighteenth chapter of 
Matthew can be reduced to practice, that number has been 
held necessary to form a church. Also at Westfield, in 
1679, seven men called /foundation men,' were selected 
to be formed into church state." 

The number of church members secured is also unknown, 
but the little band, firm in faith if few in numbers, deter- 
mined and resolute, had secured for themselves and their 
children the liberty to worship as they pleased, a liberty 
dearer to them than freedom from civil restrictions, and 
they were not daunted by the prospect of supporting the 
pastor of their choice. 



INDIAN WARS, 1670-1675. 

'* Let not Ambition mock their useful toil, 
Their homely joy and destiny obscure.*' 

Growth of the town in population and territory. — Additional home lots 
granted by 1675. — Increase of wealth. — Methods of payment. — Currency. — 
Public works. — Division of the swamps. — Relations with Jthe Indians. — Re- 
straints on the sale of firearms and intoxicants. — The River Indians and their 
tribes. — Their numbers. — The United Colonies and organization of militia. — 
Hampshire County. — Contribution for Harvard College. 

In the preceding chapters the birth of the town has been 
recorded and the events of its period of adolescence dwelt 
upon with some degree of fullness. To pursue the figure 
further, May 31, 1670, should be called the date when it 
attained its majority, and this and succeeding chapters will 
relate its progress toward maturity and age. 

The rhythmic or periodic development of the life of indi- 
viduals is a phenomenon which has been observed by 
investigators. There are periods of rapid physical growth 
followed by periods of rest and of preparation for other 
changes; at other periods the mental development is rapid, 
followed by a period of inactivity that surprises the ob- 
server. There is a recurrence of these periods all through 
life and each has sharply defined characteristics, though 
the transitions are gradual in many cases. While no exact 
rule can be laid down that covers all individual cases they 
seem to follow a general law of growth. That history 
repeats itself is . a rather trite saying. The student of 
history can but mark* the periods or eras into which his 
subject naturally divides itself, seen no less in the history of 
a town than on a larger scale. This rhythmic, seemingly 
wavelike, progress, with periods of growth, of storm and 
stress, of rest, perhaps also of decline, in the history of 
Hatfield follows very closely the rhythmic movement of the 
great national development of which it is a part, \v\U\ 


some variation due to particular circumstances affecting 
the town or region alone. 

Hatfield's growth for the first five years after incorpora- 
tion -was not rapid, but it was steady. The years 1670 to 
1675 were a period of peace and of preparation for the 
struggle against the Indians, which resulted in the complete 
mastery of the Connecticut valley by the whites and the 
settlement of other frontier towns. 

Additional territory was secured by the purchase from 
the Indians of the meadows and uplands comprising the 
present town of Whately in 1672. This purchase has been 
spoken of in Chapter I. There is a note in the town 
records of approval of the terms of the bargain. At about 
the same time the planting field of the Indians in the South 
Meadow was secured and the Indians rented land for use, 
the settlers often doing the fitting of the land and the 
cultivation of the crops. 

An attempt to extend the town boundaries southward 
failed. In 1672 a petition was sent to the General Court 
to "preserve the bounds within Northampton.*' There 
was dispute over the matter till 1720. 

The town records from Apr. 7, 1673, to Aug. 17, 1677, 
\ are missing and with them beyond any question of doubt 
a valuable treasury of first hand information. 

Many grants of home lots to prospective inhabitants 
were made by the "side" before 1670 and by the town 
from 1670 to 1673. The chart on the opposite page shows 
the location of the homesteads on the street above Middle 
Lane, now School Street, in the year 1675, those printed in 
italics appearing also on the chart showing grants made in 
1661-70. Not all the lots were built upon, however, till 
after King Philip's war. They were mostly of eight 
acres each. The highway north from Philip Russell's was 
to be seven rods wide. 


Some changes should be noted in the locations on 
the earlier chart, as some of the lots had been forfeited 
and regranted. No one occupied the Bull lot for many 
years and it was granted to Mr. Atherton, though not 
used by him for residence. He lived, as previously 
noted, on the Goodwin lot. Nicholas Worthington married 
the widow of John White, Jr., and took his allotment. 



abas Hinsdale married the widow of Stephen Taylor 
66 and lived in her house. Nathaniel Dickinson, Sr., 
noved from Hadley and lived for a few years on the 
3n lot. He returned to the other side of the river, 
e he died June 16, 1676. Thomas Meekins, Jr., lived 
s father's lot when the latter moved his residence to 
nill. Richard Fellows, 2d, and John Field owned the 
)riginally granted their fathers, who had both died. 

Rods wide. Rods wide. 

Thomas Bracy 

a King 


: Field 


lin Waite 


raves, Jr. 






Id Lane 


iraves, Jr. 




I Morton 






Highway to the river 

20 Hezekiah Dickinson 

20 William Scott 

16 Daniel Belden 

16 Samuel Allis 

16 Samuel Marsh 

16 Nathaniel Foote 

16 Philip Russell 

16 Samuel Gillett 

18 John Wells 

16 John Coleman 

16 Samuel Belden 


Chart of the House Lots at the Upper End of the Street, 
rranted by 1675, those in italics also appearing on previous chart. 

! wealth of the settlers increased at a moderate rate. 

was not a great deal of trade. Supplies which could 
s produced at home were bought of the Pynchons in 
yfield in exchange for farm products. Grain, wool, 
Df woolen or flax, cloth, pork, and probably some beef 
sent down the river to find a market in Boston or the 
!Cticut towns. In the almost patriarchal state of 
y that then existed the increase of the flocks and 

was the chief source of addition to property. As 
imals became more numerous more land was brought 
re was little currency in circulation and little need 

"Provision pay'' was legal tender for public and 
e debts. What monev there was in circulation con- 

mostly of Spanish reals and pieces-of-eight, the 
: being silver coins worth ninepence, or tweWe ?ltv^ 


one half cents. The pieces-of-eight derived their name 
from the fact that they contained eight reals, or rials. 
They were not called dollars till the middle of the eighteenth 
century. Double and half reals were also in circulation. 
The English pound of that time was worth about three 
dollars. The currency was in denominations of crowns 
(five shillings or one fourth of a pound), half crowns, shil- 
lings, pence, and farthings. Most of the coins were of 
silver, even the smaller pieces, as the English did not like 
a copper currency. Massachusetts began in 1652 to coin 
money, which passed readily in some of the other colonies 
also. It was 22^/2 per cent, lighter than the English money, 
for the purpose of keeping the money at home, and of the 
sanie purity. Pieces of a shilling, six, three, and two pence 
were coined by the mint, which was in operation for about 
thirty years. The shillings, called pine tree shillings from 
the fact that one side contained the likeness of a pine tree, 
weighed 72 grains. The new currency was put on a firm 
basis in 1672, when the value of pieces-of-eight of full weight 
was fixed at six shillings. In 1642 their value had been 
fixed at 4s. 6d. in England. 

Wheat was the most used medium of exchange in the 
valley towns, though corn and pork were also standard 
and peas and oats were sometimes used. One duty of the 
constables was to collect the rates, or taxes, of grain, which 
were made at very frequent intervals. A vote of Jan. 14, 
1672-3, fixed the price of winter wheat in Hatfield at 3s. 6d. 
per bushel. At the same time a town rate of £10, 10s. was 
ordered. Besides the town rates there were county and 
colony rates payable in grain at fixed prices. While not 
adapted to twentieth century methods of business and 
probably used by the early settlers more from necessity 
than for any other reason, wheat and other provisions 
furnished a sufficiently good circulating medium and served 
the purpose well, just as the iron currency of the Spartans 
did for them when Sparta was young. Business relations 
with the Athens of America had hardly begun in 1672. 

Public improvements in the town went on rapidly. Some 
work in clearing the highways of brush was done each year, 
for neglect of which the inhabitants were fined. Fencing of 
highways and meadows received considerable attention and 


additional highways were made through the North Meadows. 
Making a highway often meant only surveying and staking 
out its course, the traveled way being made by use. Some 
of the swamps were drained at the expense of the town 
and additional land for mowing thereby gained. A general 
division of the Mill Swamp was begun in 1672, a few lots 
having been granted in it previously, and two or three 
roads were ordered to be made to render the lots easy of 
access. According to agreement, before the drawings for 
lots were made, those who could not easily get to their 
land were allowed to cross the lots of others. Drawings 
were made in order of the house lots beginning with 
Tho^mas Meekins and then up the w^est side of the street 
from south to north and down the other side. House 
lots not yet occupied were also granted swamp land. The 
lots in the swamps were numbered and Z7 were drawn. 
At about the same time part of the swamp land north of 
the Great or North Meadow was taken up, each proprietor 
receiving ten acres, if in the Mill Swamp, and a little more 
if in the other. 

Much labor was performed by united effort. All the 
buildings were raised in that way, as is the case to-day with 
barns. The fences were made by individuals, but if any 
man did not complete within a specified time the fencing 
required for mutual protection and decreed by common 
consent in town meeting, he was fined and in addition 
had to pay any damages arising from neglect. 

The practice of pasturing the flocks and herds together 
on the undivided common land was begun at an early date, 
each man taking his turn at herding at first, and each 
owner had an ear mark to distinguish his stock. August 12, 
1672, the town voted that each man having three or more 
cattle must take his turn or be fined 2s. 3d. and pay 
damages arising from neglect. When at a later date, 1680, 
a cattle keeper was appointed at a fixed rate of pay, the 
owners had to take turns on the Sabbath to allow the 
herdsman to attend public worship. The cows and other 
good neat stock were taken out by an hour after 
sunrise to good pasturage and returned before sundown. 
The inhabitants took turns in keeping a bull. After the 
crops were gathered the cattle were turned loose in the 


■AM .V ..A.t.fc^X.. m. ..• . 
.■■-. f,,....«o..^,,-' 

An ff,i.*;IjS»»iT-<'V»fT- ■ 

j£L ''"•-*'•-"'•--''■•"•■■■■' ^^ i 
_ii/L-'"'-f*«V"- •""'* ■■■' 

An '>at,../,<l^i^/»..... 
-tlU_- ''.'1 


meadows, usually about the first of October. There is a 
tradition that the sheep were folded for several years after 
the settlement in movable hurdles on the farm now owned 
by James Breor. A town shepherd was not appointed till 
1682. In 1684 the land lying between the North Meadow 
fence and the home lots on the east of the street, with the 
hills northwest of William King's homestead near King's 
hill, was sequestered by vote of the town to be kept "as 
a pasture and a walk for sheep forever." All rams not 
considered fit for breeders had to be killed by order of the 

There is no evidence that hogs were kept in sufficient 
numbers to require a special attendant, though a hogherd 
was a regularly appointed official in some towns in the 
colony. The hogs in Hatfield were ringed, to prevent 
their doing damage by rooting, and allowed to run at large. 
Nathaniel Dickinson was excused from holding town office 
for keeping a boar. 

Cattle were used to perform most of the work on the 
farm. A single horse was sometimes hitched ahead of a 
voke of oxen and horses were used on the cultivators. 
There was little use for horses except in the saddle, for the 
early settlers possessed no vehicles except oxcarts. 

When the foundations of Hadley and Hatfield were laid 
the Indians w^ere friendly. The necessary land was easily 
bought from them, they were frequent visitors in the village 
and seemed to welcome the coming of the whites as a 
protection against foes of their own color. The greeting 
**netop/' my friend, was often heard in the streets where 
they ca^me to loaf or barter. They were held in contempt 
by the English, for they were lazy, ignorant, and given 
to petty thieving. No attempt to convert them to Chris- 
tianity seems to have been made. It was soon found best 
to prohibit the sale of intoxicants to them, but the prac- 
tice was hard to stop. The county records contain many 
instances of fines imposed for the illegal sale of liquor to 
the Indians, the noted scout, Benjamin Waite, being among 
those detected. The savages also found it quite easy to 
obtain firearms, ammunition, and knives in spite of the 
watchfulness of the authorities. 

The Indians of the vicinitv were of various small It\V)^s 


or clans, known by the general name of River Indians. The 
Agawams were at Springfield, the Warranokes at Westfield, 
the Nonotucks or Norwottucks just above Northampton, 
the Pocumtucks at Deerfield, and the Squakheags at 
Northfield. The Pocumtucks were the most warlike clan 
and dominated a once powerful confederacy. Farther to 
the east were the warlike Nipmucks, or Nipmets, near 
Brookfield, or, as it was then known, Quabaug. 

The chieftains of whom the Norwottuck plantation was 
bought, Umpanchala, Chickwollop, and Quonquont, claimed 
different parts of the territory occupied by their tribe and 
seemed to be under no binding allegiance to a higher 
authority. In 1668 at the request of the Hampshire dep- 
uties the General Court appointed three men to treat 
with the Indians, who then agreed that Chickwollop should 
be the chief. He evidently commanded the respect of 
neither the Indians nor the English. He died before the 
beginning of King Philip's war. Chickwollop and his 
immediate • followers had a camping ground and a fort 
close to the Northampton-Hatfield line and their planting 
field was in the Hatfield meadows. The fort was on the 
bluff near the bank of the Connecticut at the mouth of 
Half Way brook, which enters the river by the Laurel 
Park railroad bridge. It was a commanding position, where 
the movements of the inhabitants of three towns could be 
easily observed. The wigwams were pitched either ou the 
gravelly knolls close by or back on the ridge of hills at Laurel 
Park. The band was a roving one, however, and often 
took long hunting and fishing trips. Another favorite 
camping place was at the salmon falls at Red Rock above 
the Hatfield ferry. Many Indian relics have been turned up 
by the plow in the meadows in this vicinity. This spot 
is still one of the best fishing places in the river. There 
was a fort on the Hadley side near Red Rock in the vicinity 
of which bones, probably of the red man, have been un- 

The women of the tribe tilled the ground, raising corn, 
beans, squashes, and pumpkins, and made and sold baskets, 
mats, and other articles to their white neighbors. The 
colonists were too busy with their labors to spend much 
time in hunting or fishing and readily bought game and 


fish of the Indians as well as furs. Wampum, bright col- 
ored cloth, and trinkets of various kinds were bartered for , 
goods the savages had to oflfer. 

There is no indication that the settlement of the three 
towns in the vicinity interfered in any way with the mode 
of life of the Indians or lessened materially their supplies 
of food or fuel. Their numbers seem to have been much 
exaggerated in contemporary accounts. Judd estimates 
that the number of the savages in all the valley towns with 
Farmington and Simsbury did not exceed 1200 at the time 
the fighting began. Sickness and wars among themselves 
thinned their ranks considerably. Sheldon in his "History 
of Deerfield'' closes a remarkable account of the rise and 
fall of the powerful Pocumtuck confederacy with a graphic 
description of the almost complete annihilation of the 
Deerfield tribe by the Mohawks from New York in 1663 
and says, "a feeble remnant, renouncing their independence, 
sought the protection of the English in the towns on the 
river below." Their deserted lands were sold to the 
settlers from Dedham, who located at Deerfield in 1671. 
The number of Norwottucks left at the outbreak of King 
Philip's war could not have been many, perhaps not over 

While the Connecticut valley settlers did not anticipate 
trouble with the Indians, whom they doubtless equaled in 
numbers, they knew by experience in other places the ever 
threatening danger of an uprising and had an organized mili- 
tia force in preparation for an emergency. Massachusetts 
required each town in the colony to have a supply of ammu- 
nition on hand constantly. In 1672 Hatfield voted to make 
a levy on each inhabitant in proportion to secure "powder 
and lead as required by law for the town stock.'' A league 
for mutual defense had been formed in 1643 by the scat- 
tered English colonies in New England, comprising the 
colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and 
New Haven. 

The towns of Springfield, Northampton, and Hadley were 
set oflf as a county by the name of Hampshire in 1662. 
It included all the western part of Massachusetts from the 
then undefined western boundary to the region that after- 
ward became Worcester County, including later the town of 


Brookfield also. Courts were held alternately in Spring- 
field and Northampton. Hampshire County was really an 
independent colony in everything but name and the leading 
spirits were the Pynchons, ably assisted by the ministers 
of the churches. There was little communication with 
towns on the Bay because transportation facilities were 
very poor. ' ^ 

The first work of the county commissioners was the 
building of roads. In 1664 a cart path was opened to 
Windsor whence produce could be shipped to Boston. 
Freight rates were very high, in one recorded instance one 
third of the value of the cargo. The overland Bay paths 
were not opened for travel with vehicles till many years 
later. In 1668 Hatfield, then the west **side'' of Hadley, 
appointed a committee to act with a committee from North- 
ampton to build a bridge across the Manhan. The high- 
way between Hatfield and Northampton was probably laid 

out in 1665. 

Each town had an infantry company of volunteers, which 
drilled regularly.* There was a cavalry regiment recruited 
from all the valley towns in the colony, called the Hamp- 
shire troop, under command of Maj. John Pynchon. Hat- 
field had six troopers in 1674 belonging to this regiment. 
WilHam Allis was cornet in 1663 and later became lieuten- 
ant. The foot soldiers drilled with the Hadley company, 
which was commanded by Aaron Cooke. 

A contribution for a new building at Harvard College 
was taken in the year 1672, for which £14 2s. 6d. were 
subscribed in Hatfield. The following references to this 
appear on the town records : — 

"Jan. 16, 1671/2, the town hath generally voted and agreed that the money 
given in by the Town with an intent to the promotion of the college should 
be distributed to these ends, first the promotion of the college aforesaid, 
secondly for the relief of some christian friends in necessity, and thirdly for 
the furthance of the gathering of a church amongst us, and to have the 
power of distributing the same into the hands of those appointed by the 
counsel to receive the distribution for the college. 

"Feb. 7, 71/2, the Town hath manifest that they were willing that the 
money engaged to be given toward the promotion of a college notwithstanding 
any former order shall be still put to the said work of promoting the college." 



"And how can man die better 
Than facing fearful odds ? " 

King Philip. — Beginning of the war. — Attack on Brookfield. — Preparations 
for defense of the Connecticut valley. — The River Indians join the hostile 
band. — The swamp fight above Hatfield. — Attacks on Deerfield and North- 
field. — Northfield abandoned. — The Bloody Brook massacre. — Attack on 
Springfield. — Hatfield attacked. — Close of the campaign of 1675. — Activity of 
Philip during the winter. — Opening of hostilities in the spring. — Repulse of 
the Indians at Northampton and Hatfield. — The stockade. — Disasters near the 
coast. — The fight at Turners Falls. — Experiences of Rev. Hope Atherton. — 
Hatfield again attacked. — Attack on Hadlcy. — The Mohawks attack the River 
Indians. — Death of Philip and close of the war in 1676. — The massacre at 
Hatfield, Sept. 19, 1677. — Capture of Deerfield settlers. — The expedition of 
Waite and Jennings. — The return of the captives. 

The early settlers of the valley towns were not wholly 
unaccustomed to Indian w^arfare, as some had taken part in 
the short and bloody Pequot war in 1637 in which the 
Indians had learned to their sorrow^ that it was best to be 
at peace with their white neighbors. But nearly forty 
years had passed and another generation of warriors had 
grown up and were eager for the test of battle. Massasoit, 
chief of the Wampanoags, who throughout his life kept 
true to his pledge of peace with the settlers of Plymouth 
Colony, died in 1662. His son, Alexander, who then became 
the sachem of the tribe, died the same year and the second 
son, Philip, assumed the leadership. Philip was cunning, 
treacherous, and cruel. He was greatly feared by the white 
settlers and considered the chief instigator of the Indian 
uprising known as King Philip's war and the personal head 
of all the attacking parties. He was credited by early his- 
torians with being the commander-in-chief of all the forces. 
Later discoveries, however, have shown that he had no 
genius for leadership in battle or in the planning of cam- 
paigns, directing his energies to crafty scheming. He did 
not have a loyal personal following among the IndV^tv tt'^^^ 


or much to do with the conduct of operations in the war 
that bears his name after the fighting had begun, and he 
was betrayed at last by a member of his own household and 
shot by a man of his own tribe whose brother he had 
treacherously murdered. 

It is true that it was Philip's influence more than that of 
any one else which moved the savages to open hostilities. 
His ambition and jealousy led him to plan the destruction of 
all the settlements in New England and he spent many 
years in plotting against his foes, uniting the various tribes 
against the common enemy and fanning the flames of hatred 
and revenge. His stronghold was at Mt. Hope in Rhode 

The story of the war has been told so many times that 
only the incidents in which Hatfield men took part, with a 
brief summary of the more important engagements in other 
places, will be narrated here. Hostilities broke out a year 
before the preparations were completed because of Philips 
anger at the hanging of some of his followers by the Plym- 
outh officials for the murder of a "praying Indian," who 
had revealed to the whites some of the plots against them. 
On the 24th of June, 1675, several murders were committed 
at Swansea by the Indians of Philips tribe; forces from 
Boston and Plymouth were dispatched against Philip at Mt. 
Hope and he was driven to the Nipmucks in the central 
part of the state. 

In spite of attempts to make treaties with the various 
tribes the whole region became involved in war and the 
savages, as soon as they could make preparations, took the 
oflfensive. Beginning with outrages in the towns near 
the coast, the war spirit rapidly spread. Capt. Edward Hutch- 
inson, sent as a commissioner on an errand of peace, was 
attacked with his party from ambush near Brookfield, Aug. 
2, by the Nipmucks, who were responsible for most of the 
outrages in 1675. Brookfield was attacked, many of the 
houses were burned and the inhabitants were besieged in 
the tavern until rescued, Aug. 4, by a troop of forty horse- 
men from Lancaster under the command of Maj. Simon 

Maj. John Pynchon at Springfield received the news the 
same day and immediately secured the aid of the Connect!- 


cut towns. Troops were dispatched to Brookfield from both 
directions and the forces of the valley towns were called 
out. A messenger was sent to Albany to Governor Andros 
to secure his aid in keeping the Mohawks friendly. Troops 
from the Bay under Captains Thomas Lathrop of Beverly 
and Richard Beers of Watertown, which had been sent to 
the relief of Brookfield, passed on to the valley settlements. 
They numbered about 180. Headquarters were established 
at Hadley on Aug. 16, and scouting parties were sent out 
to discover if possible the number of the hostile Indians. 
The River Indians were supposed to be neutral, but they 
were closely watched. Captain Watts and a company of 
Hartford men went up the west side of the Connecticut 
river, while Lathrop and Beers took the east side. No hos- 
tile Indians were found, but garrisons were left at North- 
field, Deerfield, Hatfield, and Northampton and the main 
body returned to Hadley. 

Some suspicious signs had been noted among the Nor- 
wottucks. It had been their custom early in the spring to 
make arrangements with the settlers for cultivating parts 
of the meadows, but no such arrangements were made in 
1675 with the Hatfield settlers. They had concentrated 
at their fort at Half Way brook their goods that were scat- 
tered at various camping places and in the towns and early 
in the summer a squaw had advised Goodwife Wright of 
Northampton to "get into town with her children." The 
inhabitants of Hatfield, Hadley, and Northampton seemed 
to feel no special alarm at these unusual proceedings, for 
no preparations for defense had been made. The same 
suspicious signs were noted among the neighboring clans. 

At the fort between Hatfield and Northampton a band 
of Pocumtucks, Norwottucks, and roving members of other 
tribes gathered during the summer, who had given up their 
arms at the outbreak of hostilities, but received them back 
again after promises of friendship and of help against the 
tribes that were on the warpath. They grew insolent 
soon after the arrival of the troopers and Captain Lathrop 
decided to take their arms again. Detachments from Had- 
ley and Northampton met at the fort at daylight on the 
25th of August only to find that the Indians had fled, leav- 
ing one dead sachem, who had perhaps refvised to s?ixvc\\o\\ 


the war. They never returned to their fields and planting 
grounds again in large numbers to live. 

Pursuit was immediately made by about one hundred 
men. The party was ambushed in a swamp a short distance 
below Sugar Loaf mountain. Ten of the English were 
killed or wounded and twenty-six of the Indians. Reports 
of the Indian losses are untrustworthy as they almost 
always carried off their fallen comrades and stated as their 
casualties whatever they thought would produce on their 
opponents the effect they most desired. Richard Fellows of 
Hatfield, son of the first settler of that name, was among 
the slain. The Indians escaped to the northward. The 
exact spot of encounter was in doubt till located by Temple, 
the Whately historian, as a ravine about a quarter of a 
mile south of the mountain. 

Sheldon, in his introduction to the "History of Hadley," 
reprinted in 1905, gives a full discussion of the alleged 
attack on Hadley, Sept. 1, at which, according to tradition, 
the aged regicide. General Goffe, appeared and took com- 
mand. The circumstances may have been as the tradition re- 
lates, but it seems improbable that two assaults were made by 
the savages at the same time, for it is well established that 
on the morning of Sept. 1 an attack was made on Deerfield, 
which was repulsed from the fortified houses. Several of 
the houses not fortified were burned. The next day North- 
field was attacked and partly burned and eight of the settlers 
were killed. The following day Captain Beers set out from 
Hadley with 36 mounted men for the relief of Northfield. 
They were suddenly and unexpectedly attacked when two 
miles from the village and routed. Captain Beers was 
killed — the plain where he fell receiving the name of Beers's 
Plain — and only sixteen escaped to tell of the disaster. 
The savages mutilated the bodies of the slain. 

A larger expedition was sent out under command of 
Maj. Robert Treat of Hartford and the settlers of North- 
field were brought in safety to the towns below. The 
retreat was made the night of Sept. 6, the inhabitants tak- 
ing only the horses. Their buildings and all their crops 
and other property with the exception of what few personal 
effects they could carry were destroyed soon after by the 


A second attack on Deerfield was repulsed Sept. 12 and 
on the 18th occurred the famous Bloody Brook massacre 
when Captain Lathrop and his force, "the flower of Essex/' 
were destroyed and the wheat for which the trip was made 
was lost. Seventeen men of Deerfield were killed, that 
settlement was also abandoned, and Hatfield, Hadley, and 
Northampton became the frontier towns. 

Encouraged by their successes the Indians became bolder. 
On the 26th they burned the buildings and crops of Major 
Pynchon at West Springfield. Details of a plot to destroy 
Springfield were discovered Oct. 4 and the next day the 
enemy were repulsed in a fierce attack. Much property 
was destroyed by fire, including the corn mill and the saw- 

Major Pynchon resigned from the command of the forces 
and Capt. Samuel Appleton of Ipswich was appointed 
commander-in-chief. The success of the savages had so 
demoralized the whites that they were afraid to meet them 
in open fight, resorting to defensive tactics. Major Pyn- 
chon wrote from Hadley Sept. 30, "We are endeavoring 
to discover the enemy, and daily send out scouts, but 
little is effected. Our English are somewhat awk and fear- 
ful in scouting and spying, though we do the best we can. 
We have no Indian friends here to help us. We find the 
Indians have their scouts out. Two days ago, two English- 
men at Northampton, being gone out in the morning to 
cut wood, and but a little from the house, were both shot 
down dead, having two bullets apiece shot into each of 
their breasts. The Indians cut off their scalps, took their 
arms, and were off in a trice.'* And a few days later he 
says, "To speak my thoughts, all these towns ought to be 
garrisoned as I have formerly hinted. To go out after the 
Indians, in the swamps and thickets, is to hazard all our 
men, unless we know where they keep; which is altogether 
unknown to us." This will explain the defensive policy 
adopted by the English. 

An attack was made on Hatfield Oct. 19. The town was 
garrisoned by two companies under command of Capt. Sam- 
uel Mosely and Capt. Jonathan Poole. Fires had been 
noticed in the morning to the northward and a party of ten 
dragoons sent out to investigate fell into an ambusVv \.Vv^ 


Indians had prepared. Six were killed and three captured, 
one of whom was afterward tortured to death. Prepara- 
tions were made to repel the expected attack on the village 
and when the Indians, numbering seven or eight hundred 
according to contemporary accounts, appeared about four 
o'clock in the afternoon they met a spirited resistance. 
Major Appleton crossed from Hadley with his men and 
defended the south part of the town, Mosely being stationed 
at the center and Poole at the north. Major Treat with his 
company appeared from Northampton before the engage- 
ment was over. The fighting lasted about two hours and 
the Indians were repulsed with great loss. Their numbers 
were probably overstated. The English lost nine men, two 
of them, Thomas Meekins and Nathaniel Collins, from 
Hatfield. A few barns and other buildings were burned, 
but the failure of the attack greatly discouraged the Indians. 
After a repulse at Northampton they changed their tactics 
and made no more open assaults, confining their attention 
to murdering defenseless men at work or ambushing small 
scouting parties. 

By November the Indians had disappeared from the valley 
and the Connecticut troops withdrew, leaving in the towns 
garrisons of the settlers and a few soldiers. The Hatfield 
company of 36 men was under command of Lieut. Wil- 
liam Allis, an officer of the Hampshire troop. Appleton and 
Mosely set out for the Nipmuck country to the east and 
destroyed a large quantity of corn so that the savages were 
destitute of supplies before spring. Captain Appleton 
marched to Boston and joined the expedition against the Nar- 
ragansetts in December. The Narragansetts were dispersed, 
their fort was taken, and they joined the bands in the center 
and western part of the state. A Council of War to have 
charge of aflfairs in the Connecticut valley during the winter 
was appointed, with Capt. Jonathan Poole as president, con- 
sisting of the commissioned officers of the garrisons of the 
three northern towns still held, Lieut. David Wilton of 
the Northampton militia. Dea. Peter Tilton of Hadley. and 
Sergt. Isaac Graves of Hatfield. The losses in the county 
during the year were thus stated by Rev. John Russell, the 
Hadley pastor, who kept the Councils of War of the Massa- 
chusetts and Connecticut colonies informed of the opera- 


tions, about one hundred being troopers from Connecticut 
towns and the Bay: — 


At Brookfield, 

August 2, 


Above Hatfield, 

August 25, 


At Deerfield, 

September 1 and after. 


At Northfield, . 

September 2, 


Near Northfield, 

September 4, 


At Muddy Brook, 

September 18, 


And of Captain Mosely's Co., 

September 18, 


At Northampton, 

September 28, 


At Springfield, 

October 5, 


At Hatfield, 

October 19, 


At Westfield, 

October 27. 


At Northampton, 

October 29, 



It will be noted that Mr. RusselKs account differs in some 
respects from the numbers given before. His letters were 
written before accurate accounts of the losses had been 

Philip spent the winter of 1675-76 making further plans 
for the destruction of the English settlements. Arrange- 
ments were made for help from the Indians in Canada 
under the protection of the French. An attempt to have 
the Mohawks join the war failed because of the treachery 
of Philip and they attacked the eastern Indians in revenge 
for the murder of some of the Mohawk warriors. 

The active campaign was begun by the savages before the 
spring came. It was their usual custom to wait until the 
leaves were out so that they could creep through the woods 
without detection. Lancaster was surprised Feb. 10 and 
minor depredations were committed at many places. The 
forces of the United Colonies were again set in motion. 
Major Treat with the Connecticut companies reached 
Northampton March 13. Captain Mosely was stationed 
at Hatfield with two companies. Capt. William Turner 
of Boston was also at Northampton with his command. 

The Indians of the tribes involved in the war were gath- 
ered in force above Northfield and Philip was with them. 
In ignorance of the arrival of the troops an attack was made 
on Northampton early in the morning of March 14. with 
the expectation of easily overcoming the sleeping inhabi- 
tants. The line of palisades was broken into in three places, 
but the Indians found themselves in a death trap. It was 


not SO easy to get out as to get in and, surprised by the 
appearance of the troops of Treat and Turner, they were 
slain in great numbers and never again during the war 
attempted to enter within a stockade. Angered by the 
failure of the attack on Northampton, they turned against 
Hatfield and were driven off by Captain Mosely and his 
men. They remained in the vicinity for two days, but 
failed in a second attempt to surprise Northampton on 
the night of the 16th. Warning of their approach was given 
by sentinels. The whole body then returned to Northfield 
with some plunder that they had obtained. 

The fall and winter had been spent by the inhabitants 
of the valley towns in building and strengthening fortifi- 
cations. The fortified dwellings had proved safe against 
the attacks in the previous summer and for further protec- 
tion a line of palisades about the dwellings was constructed, 
such as proved so valuable at the attack on Northampton. 

The stockade at Hatfield surrounded probably more than 
half of the houses built at the time of King Philip's war 
and the settlers living outside brought their families, val- 
uables, and live stock inside every night in troublesome 
times. It ran parallel with the street about 200 feet distant 
from it. The houses of Fellows, Cole, and Field at the 
south, and several at the north, were outside. The south 
line of the palisades was below the Goodwin lot, occupied 
by Rev. Hope Atherton, and the Daniel Warner allotment 
on the opposite side of the street. The north line was 
between the houses of Daniel White, Jr., and John Allis, 
crossing the street to include the homestead of Samuel 
Dickinson. (See chart of house lots.) Logs set in the 
ground close together and projecting perhaps ten or twelve 
feet high formed the fortifications. Possibly there were 
at intervals platforms where sentinels could stand. There 
was a gate at each end. 

A letter written in 1889 by Samuel D. Partridge tells 
of an attempt to locate the line of the stockade, a part of 
which is as follows : — 

"About fifty years ago Mr. Sylvester Judd of Northampton called upon 
me at my house in Hatfield with a request to join him in an effort to 
ascertain the precise location of this stockade; with which request I gladly 
complied, and we proceeded forthwith to give our attention to the business. 
We commenced in the home lot of Col. Erastus Billings, and soon found 


the object of our search. We traced it through Col. Erastus Billings's lot, 
through that of his brother, Mr. Roswell Billings, into the lot of my 
father — and I recollect that there it passed through the site of an old tan 
yard ; we then followed it into the Dea. Partridge lot, at that time owned by 
Miss Lois Dickinson, thence through the lot of Chas. M. Billings, thence 
through that of Capt. Elijah Smith, and through Dr. Lyman's home lot. We 
knew that we had not reached its northern limit, but for some cause, now 
forgotten, we followed it no further, being satisfied that we had found the 
right location." 

The tan yard spoken of was in the rear of the place 
now occupied by Samuel F. Billings. It was operated by 
the Partridges in the eighteenth century. Mr. Partridge 
thought that the stockade was about 100 rods in length 
from north to south. Memorial Hall stands on the Lyman 

The campaign of 1676 was opening disastrously for the 
Knglish. The first Sunday of the year, March 26, old style, 
Windsor, Conn., was raided, Simsbury burned, a party of 
60 under Captain Prince was cut to pieces on the Pawtucket 
river, Marlboro was devastated, and Longmeadow attacked. 
The Connecticut troops were called home to defend their 
own towns ; the Bay Colony was greatly alarmed by attacks 
on towns near the coast and wished to withdraw the sol- 
diers from the interior. The sudden and often successful 
attacks at widely scattered points threw the colonists into 
a panic. Communication was slow and uncertain and the 
Indians seemed to be united and determined and present 
in overwhelming numbers. 

The strength and unity of the Indians were misjudged, 
for if they had been as strong and as well led as was sup- 
posed their cause undoubtedly would have triumphed. The 
crafty Philip was not enough of a military genius to take 
advantage of the fear his success had caused. The Indians 
were short of supplies of food and ammunition. The 
leaders, most of whom held Philip in contempt, were not 
united in plans and some were ready to make terms of 
peace. April 2 one of the most courageous and able chiefs, 
Canochet, was captured and killed and the savages were 
greatly disheartened. The main bodies of warriors were 
in camp above Deerfield. April 7 most of the troops in the 
valley were marched to the Bay for the protection of the 
settlements there, Captain Turner being left in command 
with a garrison of 51 at Hadley. There were 45 so\d\^x?> 


at Hatfield under Sergt. Robert Bardwell, recently arrived 
from London, and 46 at Northampton under Serg^. Ezra 
Fogg. Springfield and Westfield were well garrisoned. 

The Indians in the camps farther up the river began the 
planting of crops as spring advanced. The game became 
more plentiful and with the removal of the fear of starv^a- 
tion, which had threatened them during the winter, their 
spirits revived. Seventy or eighty head of stock were 
secured in a raid on the North Meadow of Hatfield, May 12. 

This raid roused the settlers and the garrisons of the 
towns to take the offensive and while the Indians were 
feasting and dancing in their camp at Peskeompskut, the 
falls between Gill and Montague, in fancied security, prepa- 
rations for a raid upon them were made. May 15 a captive, 
Thomas Reed, escaped with the news of the unprepared 
state of the savages. On the 18th a force of 141 men was 
gathered at Hatfield for a march northward under command 
of Captain Turner. Capt. Samuel Holyoke of the Spring- 
field militia was second in command. Experience Hinsdale 
of Hadley and Benjamin Waite of Hatfield were the guides 
and Rev. Hope Atherton accompanied the expedition as 
chaplain. There were 34 troopers from the garrisons of the 
three frontier towns and 22 from Westfield and Springfield 
under command of Lieut. Joseph Fay of Boston. The 
rest were volunteers, 25 from Hadlev, 12 from Hatfield. 
22 from Northampton, 23 from Springfield, and 3 from 
Westfield. They set out after sunset on Thursday, May 
18, with provisions for a day's expedition, and pushed on by 
the scenes of the Swamp fight, the Bloody Brook massacre, 
and the abandoned settlement of Deerfield. Crossing the 
Pocumtuck river they had a narrow escape from discovery 
by an Indian sentinel, but they reached the camp undis- 
covered before daybreak. It was unguarded and the revel- 
ers were buried in dead sleep. The attacking force, leaving 
their horses in the rear, stole softly up and with the dawn 
the signal for attack was given. The crash of the guns 
was the first intimation to the Indians of the presence of 
the whites. Many were killed at the first fire. A wild panic 
ensue<l in which few escaped. They supposed the Mohawks 
were upi>n tlic^i again. No (|uarter was given and numbers 
of the savai^es ju rped into the water (^r fell from the canoes 


in which they attempted to escape and were carried to death 
over the falls, the noise of whose waters had drowned the 
approach of the attacking party, known from this time as 
Turners Falls, after the leader of the expedition. The 
only loss to the English was one killed by his companions 
by mistake as he came out of a wigwam, and one wounded. 
The camp was wholly destroyed. 

Disaster quickly overtook the victors, who delayed upon 
the spot too long. Other Indians were close by and an 
alarm was given in the other camps in the vicinity. The re- 
port that Philip was at hand with a thousand warriors caused 
a panic among the white troops. The men, exhausted 
by their long night march, were not in condition to make 
an orderly retreat and Captain Turner was suffering from 
illness. One party, guided by Hinsdale, became entangled 
in a swamp and all were lost. Benjamin Waite led his 
party safely away. Captain Turner received a mortal 
wound as he was crossing Green river. The command 
then fell to Captain Holyoke of Springfield, who did his 
best to preserve a semblance of order. The infuriated 
savages with whoops and yells surrounded the fleeing band 
on all sides in the thick woods, picking off many men, 
following as far as "The Bars'' at Deerfield. When the 
expedition reached Hatfield again 45 men were missing, 
nearly one third of the number that set out, and two were 
mortally wounded. Two others reached the settlement 
that night, two on Sunday, and two on Monday. The total 
loss was 42, including the captain and one guide. The 
accounts of the loss of the Indians vary from 60 warriors 
to 400, including women and children. The following 
Hatfield men took part in the expedition: William Allis, 
son of the lieutenant, William Arms, Rev. Hope Atherton, 
Sergt. Robert Bardwell. Samuel Belden, Stephen Belden, 
John.Colefax, Samuel Field, Nathaniel Foote, Samuel Gil- 
lett, William Scott, and Sergt. Benjamin Waite. William 
Allis, John Colefax, and Samuel Gillett were killed. Among 
those who found their way back to the settlements later 
than the main body was Rev. Hope Atherton. He never 
recovered from the exposure and died June 4, 1677. The 
story of his remarkable escape was read by him to his con- 
gregation after his sermon on Sunday, May 28*. — 


"Hope Atherton desires this Congregation and all people that shall hear 
of the Lord's dealings with him, to praise and give thanks to God for a 
series of remarkable deliverances wrought for him. The passages of divine 
providence (being considered together) make up a complete temporal sah^a- 
tion. I have passed through the Valley of the Shadow of Death, and both 
the rod and staff of God delivered me. A particular relation of extreme 
sufferings that I have undergone, & signal escapes that the Lord hath made 
way for, I make openly, that glory may be given to him, for his works that 
have been wonderful in themselves, and marvellous in mine eyes ; and will be 
so in the hearts of all whose hearts are prepared to believe what I shall 
relate. On the morning (May 19, 1676) that followed the night in which I 
went out against the enemy with others, I was in eminent danger through an 
instrument of death; a gun was discharged against me at a small distance; 
the Lord diverted the bullet so that no harm was done me. When I was 
separated from the army, none pursued after me, as if God had given the 
heathen a charge, saying, let him alone, he shall have his life for a prey. 
The night following I wandered up and down among the dwelling places of 
our enemies; but none of them espied me. Sleep fell upon their eyes and 
slumbering upon their eyelids. Their dogs moved not their tongues. The 
next day I was encompassed with enemies, unto whom I tendered myself a 
captive. The Providence of God seemed to require me so to do. No way 
appeared to escape, and I had been a long time without food. They accepted 
not the tender which I made; when I spake they answered not. When I 
moved toward them, they moved away from me. I expected they would have 
laid hands upon me, but they did not. Understanding that this seems strange 
and incredible to some, I have considered whether I was not deceived; and 
after consideration of all things. I cannot find sufficient grounds to alter my 
thoughts. If any have reason to judge otherwise than myself, who am less 
than the least in the Kingdom of God, I desire them to intimate what their 
reason is. When I have mused, that which hath cast my thoughts according 
to the report I first made is, that it tends to the glory of God in no small 
measure ; if it were so as I believe it was, that I was encompassed with cruel 
and unmerciful enemies, and they were restrained by the hand of God from 
doing the least injury to me. This evidenceth that the Most High nilcth in 
the kingdom of men, & doeth whatsoever pleaseth him among them. Ene- 
mies cannot do what they will, but are subservient to overruling providence 
of God. God always can and sometimes doth set bounds unto the wrath of 
man. On the same day, which was the last day of the week, not long before 
the sun did set, I declared with submission that I would go to the Indian 
habitations. I spake such language as I thought they understood. Accord- 
ingly I endeavored ; but God. whose thoughts were higher than my thoughts, 
prevented me by his good providence. I was carried beside the path I 
intended to walk in & brought to the sides of the great river, which was a 
good guide unto me. The most observable passage of providence was on the 
Sabbath day morning. Having entered upon a plain, I saw two or three 
spies, who I (at first) thought had a glance upon me. Wherefore I turned 
aside and lay down. They climbed up into a tree to spy. Then my soul 
begged of God that he would put it into their hearts to go away. I waited 
patiently and it was not long ere they went away. Then I took that course 
which I thought best according to the wisdom that God had given me. 

"Two things I must not pass over that are matters of thanksgiving unto 
God ; the first is that when my strength w^as far spent, I passed through deep 
waters and they overflowed me not according to those gracious words of 
Isa. 43 : 2 ; the second is, that I subsisted the space of three days & part of a 
fourth without ordinary food. I thought upon those words *Man liveth not 
by bread alone but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the 
Lord.' I think not too much to say that should you & T be silent & not set 
forth the praises of God through Jesus Christ that the stones and beams of 
our houses would sing hallelujah. I am not conscious to myself that I have 
exceeded in speech. If I have spoken beyond what is convenient I know it 
not. I leave these lines as an orphan, and shall rejoice to hear that it finds 
foster Fathers & Mothers. However it fare amongst men, yet if it find 


acceptance with God, thro' Christ Jesus I shall have cause to be abundantly 
satislied. God's providence hath been so wonderful toward me, not because I 
have more wisdom than others (Danl. 2: 30) nor because I am more righteous 
than others ; but because it so pleased God. H. A. 

"Hatfield, May 24th, 1676." 

It has often been supposed that Mr. Atherton crossed 
the Connecticut. Judd in his "History of Hadley" states 
that he came into Hadley on Monday, but points out that 
he did not tell how he crossed the river. The "deep waters*' 
in the narrative were the Deerfield and not the Connecticut, 
as indicated by Sheldon in his "History of Deerfield." Many 
people were not willing to credit the story of the escape, 
suggesting that he was beside himself and for this reason 
he gave the written record for the benefit of his congrega- 
tion and posterity. The truth of his account is confirmed 
by the statement of Jonathan Wells that the Indians told 
him that after the Falls fight a little man with a black coat 
and without a hat came toward them, but they were afraid 
and ran away, thinking it was the Englishman's God. A 
copy of Mr. Atherton's letter is among the Judd manuscripts 
at the Forbes Library in Northampton. For an account 
of the wonderful account of the escape of Jonathan Wells, 
see Appendix, Note 5. 

On the 30th of May the Indians again attacked Hatfield 
with a force estimated at 700. The inhabitants withdrew » 
inside their stockade for defense, not daring to attack such 
a large force, and the savages were left free to burn the 
houses and barns outside the palisades and to collect plun- 
der. A party of 25 from Hadley, who set out to the rescue 
when they saw the smoke and flames, were attacked by the 
Indians while crossing the river and one was wounded. 
They fought their way gallantly towards the town against a 
party of 150 Indians. When they were near the gate the 
Hatfield men made a sally to aid them. The Indians fought 
desperately and 25 were killed. Of the Hadley men, one, 
John Smith, was killed and one, John Hawks, wounded. 
Of the garrison troops stationed at Hadley four were killed, 
only two of whom are known: Johanna Smith of Farming- 
ton and Richard Hall of Middletown; and two were 
wounded, John Stow and Richard Orris of Connecticut. 
Volunteers from Northampton under command of Capt. 
Benjamin Newberry also attempted relief, but Ihe^ i^^T^^ 



an ambush on the road from Northampton and crossing 
to Hadley marched through the streets to the landing at 
the north. Arriving there they did not attempt a crossing 
on account of the number of Indians on the Hatfield side 
of the landing. Many of the cattle of the town were killed 
and all the sheep driven off. Twelve houses and bams 
were burned. 

Hadley was attacked June 12 by 250 warriors. Rein- 
forcements from Connecticut had arrived on the 8th under 
Maj. John Talcott, 250 troopers from the towns on Long 
Island Sound and 200 friendly Indians: Pequots, Mohe- 
gans, and Niantics. With their aid the attack was easily 
repulsed and it proved to be the last battle of the war in 
Hampshire County. Some have tried to connect General 
Goffe with this assault. 

The Indians disappeared from the region, some taking 
refuge in New York state near Albany and some in Canada, 
leaving the English mystified. An expedition from the Bay 
under Capt. Daniel Henchman arrived on the 14th, A 
scout to Northfield disclosed the fact that the Indians had 
gone and the troops, that then mustered about 900, returned 
to their homes, leaving the settlers alarmed lest another 
attack should be made. 

It was afterward learned that on June 12, while the 
fighting was in progress at Hadley, the Mohawks had 
attacked the camp of the hostile tribes and destroyed it, kill- 
ing fifty women and children. Aid rendered the English 
by other savages brought about the speedy termination of 
the \var carried on by the tribes instigated by Philip, who 
was himself killed Aug. 12. No treaty of peace was made 
because the hostile chiefs had all been killed or had aban- 
doned their old haunts. 

When peace reigned once more in the valley the inhab- 
itants set about building the destroyed dwellings and again 
cultivating their fields. A year passed without attack and 
bountiful crops had been harvested. A feeling of security 
had taken the place of the former terror. 

On the morning of Sept. 19, 1677, the town of Hatfield 
was visited by a sudden and awful calamity, — another attack 
from the savages, like a bolt from a clear sky, that left 
a trail of ruin and devastation. On that bright fall morning 


most of the men were at work in the meadows cutting the 
golden corn. The women were busy with their household 
duties and the children were playing about their houses and 
in the streets unconscious of impending danger. At eleven 
o'clock, when the savory odors of the noonday meal were 
rising into the tranquil air, a blood-curdling yell suddenly 
pierced their ears — the dread war-whoop of the Indians. 
In a moment the savages were upon the defenseless village 
and the work of destruction was begun. 

Through Middle Lane poured a band of armed and 
painted warriors who fell upon houses lying outside the 
stockade. The torch was applied to the buildings of Samuel 
Kellogg at the corner of the lane and his wife, Sarah, and 
her infant son were killed and another child, Samuel, a boy 
of three years, was seized and bound. Surprised by the 
suddenness of the assault, Obadiah Dickinson and one child 
were captured unresisting at the house below. His wife 
w^as wounded and left for dead and the house was set on 
fire. John Allis's barn was burned and his six-year-old 
daughter, Abigail, captured. With no attempt to enter the 
open gate of the stockade the invaders rushed across 
the street to the houses on the east side, whose inmates 
in alarm were seeking places of safety. As the savages 
sped northward they stopped to kill the wife of Selectman 
Samuel Belden, who lived on the Silas Porter place. John 
Coleman's house was burned and his wife, Hannah, and 
infant child, Bethiah, were slain, one child was wounded 
and two were captured, of whom little Sarah was only four 
years old. John Wells's daughter, Elizabeth, aged two, was 
killed, his wife, Sarah, and one child wounded. Hannah 
Jennings, wife of Stephen Jennings, was made a prisoner with 
her two children by her former husband, Samuel Gillett, who 
was killed at the Falls fight. Philip Russell's wife, Elizabeth, 
and their three-year-old son, Stephen, met death. Across the 
street, on the J. D. Brown place, stood the home of Samuel 
Foote, who had moved from his first allotment. His wife, 
Mary, with a young son, Nathaniel, and a three-year-old 
daughter, Mary, was seized and dragged along. On the 
next lot above men were at work building a house for John 
Graves, Jr., who was soon to marry Sarah White, daughter 
of John White, Jr. Hastening northward to fvTv\s\v \\v^\t 


work of destruction, with an attack on the family of their 
hated foe, Benjamin Waite, they shot from the frame of 
the structure being erected the brothers, John and Isaac 
Graves, and two young carpenters from Springfield, John 
Atchisson and John Cooper. Waite's house was at the very 
end of the village street, the site now occupied by M. J. 
Ryan. The revengeful savages vented their hatred by 
burning his house and barn and taking away with them his 
whole family, — his wife, Martha, and three children, Mary, 
Martha, and Sarah, aged six, four, and two. Abigail, the 
eight-year-old daughter of William Bartholomew, a former 
resident of Deerfield, was also captured. 

Exulting in savage glee at the success of their raid, the 
Indians forced their captives across the fields to the Pocum- 
tuck path at the foot of Clay hill, taking with them w^hat 
plunder they had stopped to collect, and hastened north- 
ward up the valley. The captives numbered seventeen. 
Twelve of the inhabitants of the ill-fated town were left 
dead near their ruined homes and four were wounded. 
Thirteen homes had been invaded. It was the most de- 
structive attack that had so far visited the colony. 

The shouts and screams and the noise of the firing 
reached the ears of the men in the meadows to the south 
and the mounting flames and smoke warned them of what 
to expect. They flew to the relief of the unguarded settle- 
ment, but before they arrived the foe had departed and all 
that could be done was to care for the wounded, remove the 
bodies of the victims of the savage tomahawk and gun, 
and make up the roll of the missing. Stunned by the 
suddenness and completeness of the blow and fearful of 
an ambuscade in the swamps above no pursuit of the Indians 
was attempted, but messengers were dispatched to the other" 
towns with the news and to ask for assistance. 

It was thought at first that the attack was made by 
Mohawks, six of whom had been seized and thrown into 
prison when hunting near the Charles river. A party of 
Mohawks with a scalp, and two Natick squaws on theif 
return to New York, passed the night of Sept. 18 in Hatfield* 
The Naticks had been allies of the English during the war 
just closed. Major Pynchon was notified and he, alarmed 



lest the attack foreshadowed another period of Indian war- 
fare, sent to Connecticut for aid. 

The Indians with their captives and booty marched to 
Deerfield, which they attacked the evening of the 19th, 
killing John Root and taking prisoners Sergt. John Plymp- 
ton, Benoni. Stebbins, Quintin Stockwell, and Samuel Rus- 
sell, a boy of eight or nine, a son of Philip Russell of Hatfield. 
Sheldon thinks that these were all that were at that time in 
the settlement, which was being rebuilt. 

After a halt for the night in the woods near-by the long 
journey to Canada was begun. The captives were fastened 
securely each night by "staking down" the limbs and by 
the use of cords. After traveling far enough north to be 
out of danger of pursuit by the English troops, probably 
near Putney, Vt., a long wigwam was built and a great 
dance was held. But for the efforts of Ashpelon, the leader, 
some of the captives w^ould have been burned. Word 
was sent to a party of Nipmucks, w^ho had left Canada with 
the expedition, but w^ent toward Wachusett, to rejoin the 
band. Benoni Stebbins was taken along by the messengers, 
but he escaped on the way back and reached Hadley, Oct. 
4, with the news that the Indians who attacked Hatfield and 
Deerfield numbered' 26, all Pocumtucks but one, a Narra- 
gansett, only 18 of whom were warriors, the rest being old 
men, women, and boys. The Nipmucks, after Stebbins'^ 
escape, wished to torture all the captives and were opposed 
to any idea of a ransom, w-hich Ashpelon desired to arrange 
for with the settlers before proceeding further. When his 
views did not prevail he advised the captives, who had 
strongly urged opening negotiations for a ransom, "not to 
speak a word more to further the matter, for mischief 
would come of it." Ashpelon seems to have been far above 
most of his fellows in his ideas of justice and fair treatment. 

Consternation reigned in Hatfield. A troop from Hart- 
ford under Captain Watts with volunteers from the Massa- 
chusetts towns went 40 miles above the town without dis- 
covering signs of the enemy, though the Indian scouts knew 
of their presence. Major Pynchon was at a loss what 
to do. 

One man, however, determined upon a plan of action. 
The guide but for whose clear head and instinctive knowl- 


edge of woodcraft and Indian fighting the whole of Turner's 
expedition would have been lost the year before, Benjamin 
Waite, surmised the quarter from which the blow fell. Has- 
tening to Albany alone to make sure that the Mohawks were 
not the guilty ones, he returned to Springfield, Oct. 4, with 
letters to Major Pynchon from Capt. Sylvester Salisbury, 
the commander at Albany, removing suspicion from the 
New York tribe. Stopping only long enough to get from 
his townsmen a petition for authority and aid for an expe- 
dition to Canada he pushed on the same day to Boston, 
before hearing of Stebbins's escape. 

Major Pynchon immediately sent a post to Albany with 
a letter thanking Captain Salisbury for his information, 
giving the report of Stebbins and urging that the Mohawks 
be incited to pursue Ashpelon and his men. The postscript 
show^s how well the leader of the Hampshire troop knew 
the daring Indian scout : "Ben Waite is gone home before 
this Intelligence (Stebbins's) came to me. He talkt of going 
to Canada before and I suppose will be rather forward to 
it now than backward." For this letter and other official 
papers, see Appendix, Note 6. 

Efforts to ransom the captives failed owing to the break- 
ing of an engagement by the Indians. In the latter part 
of September a few of the savages surrendered to the garrison 
of the mill at North Hadley when they were caught prowling 
about. A parley concerning the release of the prisoners was 
held, thought by Hubbard to be only a ruse of the Indians 
to escape detection after failing in an attempt to burn the 
mill. It was burned in October, 1677, the dav not stated 
in the records, and perhaps by members of the same band. 
Released shortly after by the settlers, who evidently thought 
them sincere, the Indians agreed to return Oct. 14 to hold a 
conference in Hadley. It seems probable that they had been 
sent by Ashpelon on a secret mission with the intention of 
being captured. The General Court of Connecticut sent 
on request Major Treat and 40 men to aid in the negotia- 
tions or defend the towns if necessarv. The Indians did nor 
keep the agreement to meet on the 14th, the opposition of 
the Nipmucks being too strong. Sheldon says, "They were 
willing to meet the English, indeed, but only to fall upon 
them and fight them and take them." 


Waite met with delay in Boston, for the colony was short 
of funds, but his persistence secured him the appointment 
on Oct. 22 as agent to secure the release of the captives and 
financial backing was guaranteed. With letters to the 
authorities in Albany and Canada, he reached Hatfield 
Oct. 24, setting out for the west again at once with Stephen 
Jennings for a companion, a man thoughtful and silent, ex- 
celling in discretion and good judgment, no less persevering 
than Waite himself. 

They arrived at Albany the 30th, where they were coolly 
received by Captain Salisbury and ordered to call on him 
again later. Having already been delayed too much and 
wishing to start before the season should become late they 
hastened to Schenectady to secure a guide. It was a costly 
mistake for them, for the ruffled dignity of Captain Salis- 
bury, who had not been consulted, had to be smoothed. 
They were arrested and sent down the river to New York 
to be examined by the governor of that colony. Their 
story was sympathetically received by Governor Brock- 
holds and they w^ere sent back to Albany and the captain 
was instructed not to delay them again but rather to give 
aid. The delay had cost them precious time and it was Dec. 
10 before they could leave Albany. Winter was at hand 
and the perils of a dreary march through an unknown coun- 
try buried deep in snow stared the intrepid rescuers in the 

But neither was a man to be checked by difficulty. A 
Mohawk guide was secured, who conducted them to Lake 
George. He left them there after fitting out a canoe and 
drawing on a piece of birch bark a rude sketch of Lake 
George and Lake Champlain. They made the trip to the 
upper end of Lake George in three days and carried the 
canoe across the three-mile portage, reaching the shores of 
Lake Champlain on Dec. 16, the first English colonists to ex- 
plore the region. They were detained for six days at the place 
where later Fort Ticonderoga was built, unable to make 
headway against the w^ind in their frail canoe. Ice delayed 
their progress also, but was not strong enough to bear them 
on foot. Their provisions became exhausted and they had 
to subsist on what they could find. Some raccoons were 
killed in a hollow tree near the shore and a bag of biscuits 


and some brandy left by a hunter were discovered in a 
deserted wigwam. 

Meanwhile the captives had been journeying to Canada 
by another route. About the time the rescuers left Hat- 
field, Oct. 22, the long wigwam was abandoned and the 
captives resumed the weary march to Canada, the first of 
many similar parties to traverse the northern wilderness 
under savage guard. Some provisions and ten horses had 
been secured at the raid on Deerfield. Their route was up 
the Connecticut valley for about 200 miles, then across the 
mountains to Lake Champlain. The French settlements 
were reached about the 1st of January after terrible suffer- 
ing from cold and lack of food. Two of the children, Sam- 
uel Russell and Mary Foote, were killed on the way, prob- 
ably because they fell sick. Little Sally Coleman trudged 
beside her mother, perhaps sometimes given a ride on the 
horses. A little shoe with a red top, worn and ragged, 
mutely tells to visitors in Memorial Hall in Deerfield the 
hardships of the march. Soon after the arrival in Canada 
Sergeant Plympton was burned at the stake, Obadiah 
Dickinson being compelled to lead him out to meet the 
fate his ferocious captors ordained. 

Waite and Jennings arrived at Chamble, a frontier town 
of ten houses, about the 6th of January. On their way to 
Sorel they found Jennings's wife and at that place a few 
other captives, who had been pawned to the French for liquor. 
The others were among the Indians not far distant. 

In a few days the rescuers set out for Quebec, where 
they were kindly received by Governor Frontenac. With 
his aid a ransom was effected by the promise of the payment 
of £200. Returning to their kinsmen they found that on 
Jan. 22 Waite's wife had borne a child. She was named 
Canada. Fifty days later a girl was born to Jennings, who 
was called Captivity. 

When the long Canadian winter was over, the party set 
out for their homes with an escort of French soldiers. 
Starting from Sorel on May 2, Albany was reached the 22d. 
From Albany the news was sent to the anxious ones in 
Deerfield and Hatfield. The two letters tell the story: — 


"Albanv, May 22, 1678. 

"Loviftg wife — Having now opportunity to remember my kind love to thcc 
and our child, and the rest of our freinds, though wee met with greate 
afflictions and trouble since I see thee last, yet now here is opportunity of 
joy and thanksgiving to God, that wee are now pretty well, and in a hopeful 
way to see the faces of one another, before we take our finall farewell of this 
present world. Likewise God hath raised us freinds amongst our enemies, 
and there is but 3 of us dead of all those that were taken away — Sergt 
Plympton, Samuel Russel, Samuel Foot's daughter. So I conclude being in 
hast, and rest your most affectionate husband, till death makes separation. 


"Albany, May 23, 1678. 

'*To my loving friends and kindred at Hatfield — These few lines are to let 
you understand that we are arrived at Albany now with the captives, and we 
now stand in need of assistance, for my charges is very greate and heavy; 
and therefore any that have any love to our condition, let it moove them to 
come and help us in this straight. There is 3 of ye captives that are mur- 
dered, — old Goodman Plympton, Samuel Foot's daughter, Samuel Russell. 
All the rest are alive and well and now at Albany, namely, Obadiah Dicken- 
son and his child, Mary Foot and her child, Hannah Gennings and 3 children, 
Abigail Ellice, Abigail Bartholomew, Goodman Coleman's children, Samuel 
Kellogg, my wife and four children, and Quintin Stockwell. I pray j'ou 
hasten the matter, for it requireth greate hast. Stay not for ye Sabbath, nor 
shoeing of horses. We shall endeavor to meete you at Canterhook; it may 
be at riouseatonock. We must come very softly because of our wives and 
children. 1 pray you, hasten then, stay not night nor day, for ye matter 
requireth greate hast. Bring provisions with you for us. 

"Your loving kinsman, 

^'Benjamin Waite. 

"At Albany, written from niyne own hand. As I have bin affected to 
yours all that were fatherless, be affected to me now, and hasten ye matter 
and stay not, and case me of my charges. You shall not need to be afraid 
of any enemies." 

Remaining at Albany five days to refresh themselves 
they arrived Monday, May 27, at Kinderhook, 22 miles 
distant, where they were met by the party from Hatfield 
with horses and provisions. At Westfield they w^ere greeted 
by all their friends and neighbors who could make the trip 
and their progress homew^ard was a triumphal procession, 
greeted at every village by the rejoicing settlers. Some of 
the French escort, who had business in Boston, accompanied 
them as far as Springfield. 

'Fhe letters from Waite and Stockwell were not the first 
tidings from the rescuers of the success of their mission, 
for earlv in March a letter was received from Timothv 
Coo])er, a member of the Council at Albany, by Major 
I\vnchon, telling of the safe arrival in Canada of Waite and 
Jennings and the redemption of the captives. Major Pyn- 
chon probably forwarded the news at once to Hatfield and 
Deerfield, but he could not tell who had been killed, so 


that there was constant anxiety till the welcome information 
came from Waiters own hand. 

A copy of his letter was at once forwarded to Governor 
Leverett at Boston. A fast had been appointed for June 
6 and the governor on May 30, the day after receiving the 
letter, issued the following public notice : — 

''Knowing that the labor, hazard and charge of said Benjamin Waite and 
his associate have been great, we recommend their case with the captives for 
relief, to the pious charity of the elders, ministers and congregations of the 
several towns; that on the fast day, they manifest their charity by con- 
tributing to the relief of said persons. And the ministers are desired to 
stir up the people thereunto. For quickening this work, we do hereby remit 
a copy of Benjamin Waite's letter, to be read publickly either before or 
upon that day; and what is freely given, is to be remitted to Mr. Anthony 
Stoddard, Mr. John Joyliff and Mr. John Richards, or either of them, who 
are appointed to deliver and distribute the same for the ends aforesaid. 

"Signed by Edward Rawson, Secretary" 

The suddenness of the attack on Hatfield had stunned the 
whole colony and made every town fear another Indian 
war. The news of the rescue of the captives brought joy 
to every English settler and the response to the appeal was 
prompt and generous. The ransom money was quickly 
raised. When Waite penned his letter in haste to his 
friends in Hatfield it is unlikely that he foresaw that it 
would be read in every pulpit in the colony within two 
weeks, nor could he suppose that after 200 years it would 
be set up in enduring bronze, where to all who enter the 
Hatfield Memorial Hall it tells with pathetic eloquence 
the heroism and the victory of the man of simple faith, 
resolute will, and indomitable courage, who, with one stead- 
fast companion, overcame the fears of a bewildered com- 
munity, the dilatory methods of reluctant officials, and with 
undaunted heart faced the perils of an untrodden wilderness 
on a trip of 1500 miles, escaping "the arrow that fiieth by 
day and the pestilence that walketh in darkness," enduring 
the bitter cold of winter, suffering the cruel pangs of hunger 
and thirst. It was no small triumph to prevail upon the 
proud governor of the lordly city of Quebec to lend assist- 
ance to the families of a handful of poor farmers, who spoke 
an alien tongue. 

The gratitude of Waite at the affection of those who 
by their contributions made return to his affection "to yours 
all that were fatherless" bore fruit in a monument more 


enduring than bronze. Let it not be thought a far-fetched 
conclusion to assume that the memory of the ready response 
of June 6, cherished by the descendants of the babe bom 
in captivity, was the inspiration of the Smith Charities that, 
established nearly two centuries later, are a help to the 
fatherless and widows, to young and old "in straights." 



" The old order changeth, yielding place to new." 

Losses during the war. — ^Taxes. — Additional fortifications. — Military train- 
ing. — Town officials. — Dr. Hastings. — Poverty after the war. — First valuation 
of land. — Attorneys chosen. — Samuel Partridge. — The oath of allegiance. — 
Settlement of Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey. — Attempts to secure Rev. John 
Wise. — Building up of "the Hill." — Lots assigned on Mill Lane. — Division of 
the Commons. — First schools. — Settlement of Rev. William Williams. — Care 
of paupers. — Weights and measures. — ^The revolt against Governor Andres. — 
The new charter. 

The losses suffered by Hatfield in the three years of 
warfare were greater in proportion to the population than 
those of any other town in the valley except the abandoned , 
settlements of Deerfield and Northfield. Twenty-seven of - 
the people were killed, at least a third of the houses were 
burned, most of the stock was lost, and the crops had been 
scanty from neglect and destruction by the enemy. A 
petition to the General Court stated that "from one third 
to one half the houses were burnt, and the greater part 
of their kine, sheep, and horses killed or driven off." The 
inhabitants were also impoverished by the support of a 
large number of troopers quartered in the town during the 
fighting and by the expenses of the campaigns. The slen- 
der resources of the colony were much reduced and county 
and colony taxes were high. The county rates for Hatfield 
for the years 1675-77 were £117. 

The taxes to the colonial government during the war 
were in one sense not burdensome, for the inhabitants 
charged for the board of the troops quartered with them 
at fixed rates and the balance was in favor of the town. 
Five shillings per week was the usual price of board. The 
charges allowed in Hatfield up to May 1, 1676, made a total 
of £788. In October, 1680, there was still an unpaid balance 
of £400, which was not fully settled by the government 
till 1684. The feeding of the troops and horses ^.xvd \>cv'i 


fitting out of the various expeditions, however, necessarily 
took away supplies that were needed at home, a drain that 
was severely felt. The settlers received pay for their 
services when under arms, but it did not make up for the 
loss of time spent in scouting and fighting. 

After the attack of 1677 came a lull in the conflict and the 
eleven years following, till the beginning of King William's 
war in 1688, brought again an increase in population and 
wealth. It was a period in which many important begin- 
nings are to be noted. 

The first thought was directed toward further prepara- 
tions for defense. The surprise of Sept. 19 taught a terrible 
lesson and the settlers were thenceforward on their guard. 
For nearly a century they were to be called upon to fight 
the red men and their allies, in five wars of longer or 
shorter duration, till the supremacy of the English on the 
American continent was established. These wars were part 
of the struggle known in European history as the Hundred 
Years' war. 

The destruction of the mills in Springfield and Hadley 
had been severe blows to those communities and Hatfield 
took precautions against a similar loss. Oct. 17, 1677, it 
was voted to garrison the mill, each man taking his turn 
and receiving Is. 6d. per day for this service. During the 
war a small guard of soldiers had been stationed at 
Meekins's mill all the time and quartered at his house. 

Early in 1678 it was voted "that the fortifications at the 
north end of the town should be done speedily by the whole 
town, dividing the work in proportion and when the town 
shall see cause to enlarge the south end that shall be done 
likewise by the whole town, each man his proportion." 
About a month later it was "agreed that the fortifications 
at the south end of the town should be enlarged to take in 
John Field's house and Mr. Atherton's lot" across the 

It was voted also that each householder should provide 
himself with a ladder long enough to reach to his roofs 
or be fined an amount double the cost of a ladder. 

Extension of the palisades was continued until they 
reached as far north as Richard Morton's house, where the 
residence of Thomas Dea is. He had a blacksmith shop 


Standing in the highway, which was within the stockade. 
Many cinders have been dug up at this spot in highway 

Military training was kept up and by 1687 Hatfield had 
a full company of 60 men under Capt. John Allis; Daniel 
Warner was lieutenant; Eleazer Frary, ensign; Robert 
Bardwell, Benjamin Waite, Isaac Graves, and Samuel Field, 

"Watching and warding," the former by night, the latter 
by day, were kept up and there were fines for leaving the 
post when on guard. The ward was required to be at the 
gate by the time the sun was an hour high in the morning. 
In 1684 the soldiers in training were required to perform 
work on the highways. As early as 1680 the firing of any 
gun near the village except for alarm was forbidden. A 
turret had been built on the meetinghouse for a watch 
tower at some time during the war — the missing records 
would probably show when — and in 1685 a committee was 
appointed to "close the turret," for better protection against 
the weather, no doubt, and to hang a bell there. The com- 
mittee was also instructed to make and glaze "such windows 
as were necessary for the convenience of the meetinghouse." 
It would seem to have been more for the convenience of 
the congregation than of the house to have more light. 

In spite of the losses of the war there had been an in- 
crease in population, many of the soldiers from the Bay 
towns taking up their residence in Hatfield. The conduct 
of town affairs had grown more complex, requiring a 
division of the work among more officers than were needed 
at first, when almost everything was acted on by the inhab- 
itants in town meeting assembled or delegated to the 
selectmen or to special committees appointed for special 
purposes. At the beginning of the year 1678 these officers 
were chosen: Nicholas Worthington, constable; Thomas 
Meekins, Lieut. William Allis, Edward Church, Samuel 
Belden, and Daniel White, selectmen; Eleazer Frary, sur- 
veyor of highways; William Gull and Samuel Dickinson, 
fence viewers; Daniel Belden, to warn meetings; Eleazer 
Frary, Thomas Hastings, and Philip Russell, rate makers; 
John Field and John Wells, to gather the rates. Robert 
Poick, or Poag, was "agreed with to sweep the meeting- 


house and ring the bell this year for twenty shillings. Fur- 
ther it was agreed that the constable shall request the 
county court to appoint commissioners in the town for next 

This is the first mention of the choice of selectmen, 
though they are referred to as a body in the records earlier 
and were probably elected yearly. The election of a town 
clerk was not entered till 1692. County commissioners 
seemed to be sent or not as each town saw fit and Hatfield 
had not previously had them regularly. The same was 
true of representatives to the General Court at Boston. 

Sept. 6, 1681, when the commissioners met to examine 
the estates in Hampshire County, Eleazer Frary was ap- 
pointed to consult with representatives from other towns 
"as to what is a proper compensation for our town with the 
rest to encourage a bonesetter to settle in some of the 
adjacent towns." It was agreed to give £10. At that 
period doctors were not always able to do surgical work. 
It is not known whether Dr. Thomas Hastings was a bone- 
setter or not. He had been a settler in Deerfield before 
King Philip's war and had a grant of a house lot and land 
there in 1680, but did not return. It is possible that he had 
gone to Watertown, where he was born, and that he was 
the one the county commissioners were seeking. At any 
rate he settled in Hatfield about 1684 and practiced medicine 
in most of the towns of the county, sometimes being called 
as far as Brookfield. 

Jan. 30, 1677/8, the town *'voted and agreed that those 
whose estates were consumed or demolished since the last 
list was taken August 1677 (by the common enemy) shall 
be freed in the ministers and town rates." They had pre- 
viously been assisted by the General Court, which ordered, 
Oct. 30, 1677, '*In ansr to them of Hatfield, — that the rates 
of those of that toune who have bin impoverished by the 
late cruelty of the enemy burning downe their habitations, 
shall be respitted and left in their hands untill the Court 
shall give further order therein." 

Rates were still collected very frequently and for many 
purposes. References in the town records to a minister's 
rate arc frequent, as Hatfield was without a settled minister 
.from the death of Mr. Atherton in 1677 till the call to Rev. 


Nathaniel Chauncey was accepted in 1683. Various candi- 
dates were preaching till that year and had to be paid for 
their services. There were rates for town debts, herdsmen, 
shepherds, bridges, etc. The poverty brought by the war is 
shown by the fact that a settlement in full was not given 
Rev. Hope Atherton's widow till 1680, when Sarah Ather- 
ton, in consideration of the sum of £40, declared the obli- 
gations discharged. The settlers who had suffered the most 
were given assistance by the town in rebuilding their places. 
Those who were appointed to search for a successor to Mr. 
Atherton were assisted in their work while obliged to be 
away from home and the amount of mowing and reaping 
volunteered by various proprietors was made a matter of 

In 1680, appears for the first time a record of valuation 
of land as a basis of taxation, £1 per acre. Each "head" 
was reckoned at £16, hence the polls paid a much larger 
proportion of the tax than at the present. All males over 16 
were polled and return of the polls and estate were made 
to county and colony officials. From the taxes derived 
from this assessment of land and polls were paid the county 
and colony rates and the town debts. The rate makers 
still continued to divide among the inhabitants the amounts 
required for the minister's and other rates spoken of. The 
selectmen acted as assessors in addition to other duties. 
In 1687 John Hubbard was chosen to act with them "to 
take a list of the estates to transmit to the shire town 
according to the provisions of the law.** 

An inventory of the property of Lieut. William Allis 
taken Sept. 18, 1678, is of interest as showing the amount 
and kinds of possessions among the householders of the 
period. He was one of the well-to-do citizens. 

In purse and apparell £9 13s. Od. 

Arms and ammunition 6 1 

Beds and their furniture 9 5 

Napkins and other linen 2 1 

Brass and pewter pieces 5 10 

Iron utensils 2 11 6 

Cart and plow irons, chains, stilliards 7 5 

Tables, pitchforks, cushions, sythe 1 19 

Barrels, tubs, trays 3 9 6 

Woolen and linen yarne 18 6 

Several sorts of grain, flax 11 12 

2 horses 7 

3 cows, 2 steers, 2 calves, 1 heifer 20 


Swine and Sheep 10 8 

Houses and home lot 100 

Land in South meadow 114 

Land in Great and Little meadow 136 

Land in Plain and Swamp 20 

Land in Quinepaike 28 13 

i496 6s. 6d. 

In April, 1680, the town chose attorneys to look after 
its interests. They were not lawyers but men taken from 
the body of citizens for recognized ability, "our truly and 
well beloved friends John 'Coleman and John Allis." A 
regular power of attorney was recorded and they were 
empowered to "ask, require, sue for, levy, and recover and 
receive of all and every person whatsoever moneys is due 
us or any of us from the County upon the account of the 
war with the heathen." 

They were apparently not able to accomplish all that 
was desired, for in October, 1680, Samuel Partridge (then 
spelled Partrigg) of Hadley was appointed agent. He 
moved his residence to Hatfield in 1687, settling on "the 
Hill,'* and became at once the leading man in the com- 
munity. He was already prominent in county affairs, hav- 
ing been recorder of the courts in Northampton since 1676 
and clerk of the writs since 1682. 

Samuel Partridge was born Oct. 15, 1645, in Hartford, 
the son of William Partridge, a cooper, one of the first 
settlers of Hadley, who had held various town offices in 
Hartford and Hadley and was engaged in trading with the 
Indians till his death in 1668. Samuel learned his father's 
trade apparently, as there is a record of the sale of barrels 
by him to Colonel Pynchon. The regard in which he was 
held by his townspeople is shown by the fact that he was 
licensed to sell liquor at a time when only men of the high- 
est standing were allowed to engage in that business. He 
had a license to sell liquor in Hadley in 1678 "to the neigh- 
bors" and in 1681 " for the helpfulness of the neighbors," 
and was a wHne dealer. He also dealt in ardent spirits and 
wine in Hatfield, as did many of his descendants. 

He taught in the Hopkins Grammar School for three 
months, but was dismissed in 1685 for his pronounced views. 

His military experience began w^ith King Philip's war, in 
which he served, but did not hold a commission. In King 


William's war, 1688-98, he became captain of the militia; 
later was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the Hampshire 
regiment, in which he had been quartermaster in 1683, and 
served as colonel of the regiment in Queen Anne's war, 
1703-13, and Father Rasle's war, 1722-26. He was appointed 
commissary general in 1705. 

In Hadley he had been a packer of meat and fish, inspector 
and ganger of casks in 1679, the first on record, select- 
man in 1672, 1678, 1680, 1682, 1684, 1686, and representative 
to the General Court in 1685 and 1686. 

In Hatfield he kept the town records from 1688 to 1701; 
was selectman in 1688, from 1690 to 1703, 1716-24 (with the 
exception of the years 1718, 1720, and 1723), and again in 
1728; and served as representative from his first election in 
1689 to 1700 with the exception of two years. While he 
was living in Hadley he was commissioned by Hatfield in 
1680 to "attend upon the General Court.'* 

In 1689 he was appointed a justice to hear the witchcraft 
trials and to his sane judgment and keen sense of humor 
is probably due the fact that the witchcraft delusion did not 
spread to any alarming proportions in Hampshire County. 
There were some trials, but no executions. The story is 
told by Pres. Timothy Dwight that when a Northampton 
man accused another of bewitching him. Justice Partridge 
quickly ordered him given ten lashes on the spot, to the 
discomfiture of the complainant and the amusement of the 

In 1709 he became a judge of the probate court and in 
1715 was appointed a justice of the court of General Ses- 
sions. He was a member of His Majesty's Council from 
1700 to 1723. His opinion was highly valued and his in- 
fluence was great. The published and unpublished archives 
of the state of Massachusetts contain the mention of his 
name and acts in many places. One of the important com- 
missions to which he was appointed was that of surveyor 
of the Connecticut-Massachusetts line in 1714. 

With all the duties of peace and war that fell upon his 
shoulders he found time to attend to the duties of citizen- 
ship in the town that became his final residence. He died 
in Hatfield, Dec. 25, 1740, at the age of ninety-five, uni- 
versally respected and beloved. 



Among the interesting old records of the Hatfield town 
clerk's office is a copy in the handwriting of Samuel Par- 
tridge of those who took the oath of allegiance in 1679 in 
the towns of Northampton, Hadley, and Hatfield. There 
were 126 subscribers from Northampton, where all had 
probably to appear before the officer and be sworn and their 
names entered by the clerk of the court. The book also 
contains the first births, deaths, and marriages in Northamp- 
ton and Hadley up to the year 1687 and was used to record 
the vital statistics of Hatfield to the year 1843. The signers 
of the oath from Springfield, Westfield, and Suffield arc 
entered in the county records in Northampton. 

"The Oath of Alleagence wch by Order from our Honored Genl Court 
was to bee taken by all Persons from 16 years old and upward within this 
county and accordinglie was administered Febr 8th, 1678 By ye Worshipful] 
Majr Pynchon & by them was taken viz: by the Inhabitants & others as 
aforesaid in Hadley whose names are hereafter Written." 

[List of 92 names from Hadley.] 

"Here followeth likewise the names of ye Persons yt took ye oath of 
aleagencc as above in Hatfield Febr 8th 78. 

Mr. John Wise 
Nathll Dickinson 
Jno Coleman 
Phillip Russell 
Jno Field 
Obadiah Dickenson 
Nick Worthington 
Moses Crofts 
Samll Marsh 
Samll Kellogg 
Benj. Waite 
James Brown 
Samll Graves Sene 
Danll Belding 
Peter Plympton 
Benj Barret 
Jno Evans 
Stephen Belding 
Simon Williams 
Wm Kinge 

Tho. Meakins Sene 
Samll Belding Sene 
Danll White 
Elez Frary 
Jno Lomas 
Jno Cowles 
Tho. Hastings 
Wm Bartholemew 
Samll Belding Jue 
Jno Clary 
Jos Thomas 
Samll Field 
Wm Scott 
Robt Bardal 
Samuel Foote 
Ephraim Hinsdall 
Wm Armes 
Samll Graves Jue 
Jno Wells June 
Jos. Field 

Wm Gull 
Edw Church 
Danll Werner 
Jno Wells 
Jno Allice 
Samll Dickinson 
Samuel Allice 
Quintan Stock well 
Walter Hickson 
Jno Downing 
Stephen Gennings 
Jacob Gardner 
Jno Graves 
Tho Bracye 
Sampson Frary 
Samll Harrington 
I sack Graves 
Benj. Downenge 
Benj Hastings 
Robt Poick 

"The abovcsd Persons yr names were here entered this Febr 23d 1678 
By me Samll Partrigg Recorder." 

There were fifty houses in Hatfield in the year 1675. 
The population in 1678 was probably between 300 and 350, 
judging by the number of polls. The number of houses 
is given in Trumbuirs **History of Northampton" from a 
paper discovered in the British Museum. Hadley and 
A'orthanipton had 100 each and Deerfield 30. 


In 1683 Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey of Scituate, a graduate 
of Harvard in 1661, son of Rev. Charles Chauncey, presi- 
dent of Harvard College, became the pastor of the church. 
He had preached in Hatfield before, apparently from Dec. 
12, 1679, to March 12, 1681. Then he left for a time and 
returned in 1682. 

Before that an attempt had been made to settle Rev. John 
Wise of Ipswich, a gifted graduate of Harvard. He was of 
humble birth, the son of a serving man, but apparently eagerly 
desired on account of his commanding presence and elo- 
quence, for to many unreasonable demands in the way of giv- 
ing up to his use some of the best land in town the inhabitants 
readily yielded. He was in Hatfield for a season as shown 
by the fact of his signing the oath of allegiance in 1678 
and by the collection of rates for his salary, but not con- 
tinuously. The pulpit was supplied during his absence by 
John Younglove, a preacher, but not an ordained minister, 
who was teaching in the Hopkins Grammar School in Had- 
ley, and by a Mr. Mather, probably Warham Mather, son of 
Rev. Eleazer Mather of Northampton. Mr. Wise did not 
accept the call extended to him and in 1680 he became the 
first pastor of the second church at Jebacco, afterward 
Essex, serving there for forty years. For his opposition to 
Governor Andros in 1687 he was imprisoned for two years 
and on release obtained damages for unlawful detention. 
He distinguished himself for bravery and endurance in the 
expedition against Canada in 1690. Tyler's "History of 
American Literature" says he was "the one American who, 
upon the whole, was the most powerful and brilliant prose 
writer produced in the county during the colonial time.*' 
The following vote was passed Nov. 10, 1679: — 

"The town hath manifest that they are desirous Mr. Chansy shall have 
a call to come and preach amongst us for the term of a year or less (as he 
and the town shall agree) in order to settlement if it shall please God to 
incline the heart of Mr. Chancy and the hearts of the inhabitants to close 
with each other; and farther that the town will allow him as his temporal 
maintenance sixty pounds per year and the use of the town house and 
allotment; and they have chosen and improved Thomas Meekins, Edward 
Church, Samuel Belden Senr. and Daniel White to acquaint Mr. Chancy with 
the town's desire." 

On Feb. 24, 1679/80, a unanimous call was extended 
him, he was allowed £60 a year and firewood, and given the 
Goodwin house that he was then in. wVi\c\\ \\^d \>^^xv\- 



pied by Mr. Atherton, whose surviving relatives had moved 
to Deerfield. The wood was reckoned equal to £9 in value, 
"fifty cords delivered corded, appraised according to the 
law at 3s. 6d. per cord." 

Each householder was required to cut and deliver his 
proportion of the wood or suffer a fine and it was customary 
for the deacons and selectmen to appoint a day at some con- 
venient season when all could go to the woods together to 
perform the work, usually in November. 

Samuel Foote 


Nathaniel Foote 


Samuel Marsh 


i Thomas King 


( Ichabod Porter 


Martin Kellogg 


John Graves 


John Amsden 


( Nicholas Worthington 


( Samuel Gailer 


Daniel Warner 


( Samuel Foote 


( Good wife Belden 


( Samuel Partridge 


( Thomas Hastings 


Edward Church 


John Hubbard 


Burying Ground 
Chart Showing Assignment of Lots on "The Hill," or Elm Street, up to 1700. 

**The Hill/' the present Elm Street, was built upon quite 
rapidly after 1683. On April 3 of that year it was ordered 
that two rows of house lots each 16 rods wide should be 
laid out on the Northampton road on or near the cart way 
and lots were granted to be built upon within a specified time, 
or the lots reverted to the town. In the case of sons of 
residents a very short time was allowed generally, but to 
some from other places who were contemplating a change 
of residence two years or more were given. Edward 
Church of Hadley had been granted a lot on the highway to 
Northampton in August, 1677, and he probably built soon 


after. This lot was the one now owned by Dea. James 
Porter. John Hubbard came from Hadley in 1683 and built 
across the street from Church, next to the burying ground. 
The place has remained in the hands of descendants to the 
present, but all the other lots have undergone many changes 
in ownership. Church and Hubbard were followed by 
several others. The chart on the opposite page shows how 
the lots were assigned up to 1700, the dates being the time 
when the grants were made. Not all the lots were occu- 
pied in the seventeenth century. When two names are 
given it means that the lots were regranted because the 
proprietors did not comply with the requirements of the 
vote of April 3, 1683. The highway was to be 10 rods 
wide, later changed to 8 rods. 

In 1684 an attempt was made to build up the lane that is 
now called School Street, but probably very few houses were 
built there till several years later. A house lot 16 rods wide 
and 80 rods long on the north side of "the highway to 
the Mill" against the rear of the house lots in the upper end 
of the west side of the street was granted to Martin Kel- 
logg, but he sold the property to Richard Morton in 1691. 
He took up his residence on "the Hill" about 1694. Grants 
of the same area were made to Hezekiah Dickinson, next 
to Kellogg, and to Stephen Jennings. On the south side 
of the lane grants were made to Robert Bardwell and Sam- 
uel Gunn, but they became settlers of the Denison farm. 
Jennings moved to Brookfield. 

Oct. 21, 1684, the town voted to "divide the Commons in 
the town except what is reserved for home lots, sheep pas- 
tures, etc., to every inhabitant, according to his present 
valuation of estate^; and the said Commons shall be laid 
out in Four Divisions, — the first to begin upon the plain 
behind the Mill, and end at the northerly line of the upper- 
most lot laid out in Mill river Swamp: The second to begin 
at the north side of the uppermost lot in the Mill river 
Swamp, and end at the north side of the town bounds: 
The Third Division to begin at the northwest side of the 
highway that goeth towards Northampton, and from the 
hill commonly called Sandy Hill, and end at the rising 
up of the side of the hill called the Chestnut Mountain: 


The Fourth Division to begin where the Third division 
endeth, and to end at the outside of the town bounds." 

It was stipulated that lots not fenced should still be con- 
sidered common and it is probable that few were fenced at 
that time or for more than a quarter of a century. The 
divisions were surveyed again in 1716, some changes were 
made because of dissatisfaction over the first allotment, 
and the lots were recorded as staked out. The grants 
were reconfirmed in 1735. The second and fourth divisions 
and part of the third were in the present town of Whately. 
Division was made to 69 proprietors whose names and the 
location and width of whose lots are given in the Appendix, 
Note 7. 

Much of the power of the men and women of New Eng- 
land can be traced to the education received in the public 
school system for which the region has long been noted, 
but the public school system has been a gradual develop- 
ment and the schoolhouse does not date from the beginning 
in any of the pioneer towns. The idea of an educated 
ministry as leaders of thought was always of importance 
and colleges were established at a very early date, Har- 
vard in 1636 and Yale about 1700. Next came the grammar 
schools. The training of the young was left to the 
home. Nothing beyond a very rudimentary education 
was thought necessary for the majority of the people. It 
was soon feared, however, that the people of the scattered 
hamlets would revert to barbarism, so the General Court 
of Massachusetts in 1642 passed a law requiring parents 
and masters to teach the children and apprentices to read un- 
der penalty of a fine of 20 shillings. Selectmen of towns were 
to see that the provisions of the law were complied with. 
The books in use were the Horn-book, Primer, Psalter, 
Testament, and Bible. The Catechism, usually printed in 
the primers, formed a part of the regular course of instnic- 
tion. The Horn-books contained the alphabet and a few 
easy sentences printed on only one side of the page and 
covered with transparent horn to keep them from being 
soiled. They were superseded about 1700 by the introduc- 
tion of Dillworth's Spelling Book. Arithmetic was taught, 
but not by the use of books. 

Hatfield as a town made its first provision for the edu- 


cation of children in 1679. All those born in the first score 
of years had been taught at home, for there is no mention 
of any public or private school previous to Jan. 13, 1678/79, 
when it is recorded that: — 

"The town hath agreed to give Thomas Hastings twenty pound per year 
to teach all such children in the town that should be sent to him (to school) 
to read and write, such as are capable, to wit, according as their parents 
and masters shall see cause, and the money to be raised upon boys that are 
between 6 and 12 years old and upon such girls as shall be sent to school, and 
if at 3d. per week by the head there arise not sufficient to make the twenty 
pound the remainder shall be raised as other rates in the town are raised." 

Dec. 19 he was "freed from this time" and paid for the 
36 weeks of instruction he had given. 

In 1681 £30 was allowed the schoolmaster, a fourth part 
in wheat, a fourth in peas, a fourth in corn, and the remain- 
der in pork, at current prices. The parents of boys between 
the ages specified were assessed 12s. per year for readers 
and 16s. for those who were to be "improved in writing" 
and for others of whatever sex a sum proportional and 
depending on the length of time they attended school. 
Most of the girls were taught to read, but writing was not 
thought so essential for them, or even for the boys, appar- 
ently, for there were fewer writers than readers. There 
is no hint that the other branch of the "three R's" that later 
became so famous received any attention at first in the 
school. The school probably was conducted at Dr. Hast- 
ings's house till a schoolhouse was built in 1681. In 1688 
repairs on it were ordered. It stood in the street near the 

Dec. 7, 1685, the town voted that Peter Buckly should not 
teach school any longer, but a week later it was decided 
to retain him for another quarter. In October of the 
next year the town decided not to hire a schoolmaster for 
the winter, but in August, 1687, it was voted to "hire a 
good able schoolmaster on the same terms as before." 

••May 31, 1688— Voted that the Rev. Pastor of the church be desired to see 
out for a schoolmaster suitable to be discharged and maintained; one third 
part of the charge by the town in general, by rate or otherwise, and two 
diirds by the schools, viz : male children from six years old to twelve years 
of age, excepting poor men that may have sons to be educated, as the 
selectmen shall judge meet; the sum in all to be 30 pounds." 

A Mr. Stephens was secured by Rev. William Williams, 
the pastor, but he objected to one part of the provision pay, 
as Indian corn was low in price and it was tveee^s^x^ vcv 


order to satisfy him to exchange part of his pay for wheat, 
which some public spirited citizens were found willing to 

Those who were to be educated beyond the art of reading 
and writing could attend the Hopkins Grammar School in 
Hadley. Preparation for college was made with the assist- 
ance of the pastor, the only one in town who was able to 
give the necessary training. 

The death of Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey, Nov. 4, 1685, 
left the people again without a pastor. The town voted 
to defray his funeral expenses. This time only a year 
elapsed before another minister was secured. 

The coming of Rev. William Williams in 1686 for a 
pastorate of 55 years, with the arrival of Samuel Partridge 
at about the same time, marked an epoch in the history of 
the town. For nearly a century the members of these 
two families were to exert a commanding influence and 
bring Hatfield to a high rank in the growing common- 
wealth. The age of powerful leaders was beginning. 
Neither Mr. Atherton nor Mr. Chauncey had been men 
who possessed the fighting qualities so advantageous to 
leaders in such a stormy period and both their pastorates 
were of short duration. 

Mr. Williams was called Dec. 6, 1686, and settled at once 
as pastor. He had preached in town previously, but left 
for some reason. Early in 1686 a committee was sent to 
the Bay to ask him to return, which he did, and he contin- 
ued in the work in Hatfield until his death, Aug. 29, 1741. 
He was born in Newton in 1665 or 1666, the son of Capt. 
Isaac Williams, of a wealthy and aristocratic family. He 
graduated from Harvard in 1683 in a class of three, one 
being his cousin, John Williams, who began to preach in 
Deerfield in 1686. The third was Samuel Danforth, who 
entered the ministry the same year in Tauntcm. Sheldon 
says in his "History of Deerfield'' : "Graduates were ranked 
in the catalogue then, not by merit, but according to station 
in society, and Danforth, son and grandson of a minister, 
of course stood first. John came next, we may suppose by 
virtue of his father being a deacon, while the father of 
William was only a captain and representative to the Gen- 
era/ Court.'* 


Mr. Williams was a man of brilliant intellectual gifts, of 
ripe scholarship and intensely interested in the cause of 
education. His son, Elisha, also a graduate of Harvard, 
became the president of Yale College in 1726 and continued 
at its head for thirteen years during which time it grew in 
a remarkable way. Two other sons followed in their 
father's footsteps and became preachers : William, born in 
1688, the minister at Weston, and Solomon, the pastor of 
the church at Lebanon, Conn.; and a fourth. Col. Israel 
Williams, became the leading military and political figure 
in Hatfield during a large part of the eighteenth century. 
Solomon's son, William, was one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence. 

Mr. Williams was married, July 8, 1686, just before he 
was settled in Hatfield, to Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Sea- 
born Cotton. She died in 1698 at the age of 32 and he 
married again. The children by the first wife were Wil- 
liam and Elisha and a daughter, Martha, who became the 
wife of Edward Partridge, besides two children who died in 
infancy. His second wife was Christian, daughter of Rev. 
Solomon Stoddard of X'orthampton. Her children were 
Solomon and Israel and two daughters, Elizabeth and Dor- 
othy, the latter the wife of Rev. Jonathan Ashley, pastor in 
Deerfield from 1732 to 1780. 

Rev. William Williams soon won the implicit confidence 
of the people of Hatfield. He possessed a power of per- 
suasive utterance and was tactful in his dealings with men. 
As a preacher he was noteworthy, even among the many 
famous divines of the Connecticut valley in the early days 
of its history. He was considered by Pres. Ezra Stiles a 
more able man than his father-in-law. Rev. Solomon Stod- 
dard. Many of his sermons were printed, among others 
an election sermon in 1719; a convention sermon, 1726; 
sermons at the installation of his relatives. Rev. Stephen 
Williams at Springfield in 1716 and Rev. Warham Williams 
at Waltham in 1723, both sons of Rev. John Williams of 
Deerfield, the "Redeemed Captive"; sermons at the instal- 
lations of Rev. Nehemiah Bull at Wethersfield in 1727 and 
. Rev. Jonathan Ashley at Deerfield in 1732; a sermon at the 
death of Rev. Solomon Stoddard; and an address at the 
ordination at Deerfield of Rev. John Sargeant as mission- 


ary to the Housatonic Indians in 1735. Among the treas- 
ures in Memorial Hall in Deerfield are notes taken by him 
on sermons he had heard preached in his youth by the 
leading clergymen of the colony, Mather, Cotton, Eliot, 
Hubbard, and others. 

Mr. Williams built a house on the William Allis allot- 
ment, about the spot where the town hall now stands. 

In the year 1688 the following votes were passed: — 

"May 21, 1688. — Voted as to the poor, those who want maintenance, the 
Selectmen, every one of them as appcrtaineth to them as agents, shall have 
inspection over them, their occupation and their children, that their things 
and their labor be put to the best advantage. 

"Also voted. Whereas Capt. Allise hath procured standard weights and 
delivered them to the Selectmen for keeping to order, the Selectmen have 
committed them to the custody of Sanmel Bclding, Sen., to be put into a bag 
and secured for the sealers use annually." 

What was done about the support of paupers does not 
appear from the records of the next few years, but at a 
little later date some families required support, as will be 
noted in the proper order. The sealing of weights was 
required by law. In that same year occurs the first refer- 
ence to a curfew law. It was ordered that the church bell 
should be rung every evening at nine o'clock. 

During that year and the next few regular town meetings 
wxre held; instead the selectmen met the first Monday in 
each month at Selectman Belden's house to transact such 
business as came before them, ordering bills paid and assum- 
ing charge of matters that had previouly come up for 
decision before all the inhabitants. It was a stormy period 
in the history of the colony and of much uncertainty in all 
the towns. 

When James II. became king of England, Joseph Dudley 
was appointed governor of Massachusetts. He held office 
from May 25 to Dec. 20, 1686. Then Sir Edmond Andros 
appeared with a commission from the king as royal gov- 
ernor of all New England and a period of misrule ensued. 
James abdicated in 1688 and William and Mary became the 
sovereigns the next year. The New England colonists 
were ripe for a revolt against the hated rule of Andros and 
on April 20, 1689, he was seized in Boston and deposed 
with his supporters and a Committee of Safety took charge 
of affairs. Until the success of the revolution was assured 


it was exceedingly dangerous to do any overt acts or have 
any records appear that savored of treason. This accounts 
for the change in the conduct of town affairs, w^hich soon 
resumed their normal routine. The level head of the 
shrewd and diplomatic Samuel Partridge guided the town 
safely through the crisis. The handwriting shows that he 
began to keep the records in June, 1688, though there is 
no entry of his election as clerk. Mav 9, 1689, he was 
chosen "to join with the Committee of Safety to consider 
public affairs at Boston." 

A new charter from William and Mary uniting the Massa- 
chusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies as the Province of 
Massachusetts, including also the settlements in Maine and 
New Hampshire, was granted in 1692 and under it Sir Wil- 
liam Phipps was appointed governor. Simon Bradstreet 
had served as governor by appointment of the crown from 
May 24, 1689, to May 14, 1692, and Thomas Danforth as 
deputy governor. Bradstreet had been elected governor by 
the people from 1679 to 1686. 

These struggles were really the beginning of the con- 
test with England that resulted in the independence of the 
American colonies. The loss of the choice of their own 
chief magistrate rankled in the hearts of the colonists till 
the Revolutionary war. The rights remaining were jeal- 
ously guarded by the other magistrates — the governor's 
Council — and by the representatives in the General Court. 
Samuel Partridge was one of the signers of an address by 
the Council to King William III. protesting against a bill in 

the House of Lords in 1701 for a withdrawal of the char- 




'•And War, which for a moment was no more, 
Did glut himself again." 

The beginning of the war. — Military preparations. — Fortifications. — Settle- 
ment at "the Farms." — Supplies of ammunition. — Changes in the militia 
officers. — Attacks on the valley towns. — The murder of Richard Church of 
Hadley. — Capture and trial of the murderers. — Attack on men in Hatfield 
meadows. — Expenses of the war. — Progress of affairs in Hatfield during the 
war. — Repairs on the meetinghouse. — Support of poor. — Sheep and cattle.— 
Tar and turpentine. — Malt house. — Shoemakers. — Schools. — Boundary trou- 
bles. — Assessors chosen. — Negroes. — Town officials. — Middle Lane built up. 

The accession of William and Mary to the throne of Eng- 
land was followed by war between England and France, in 
which part of the fighting took place on the American con- 
tinent. The struggle was known as King William's war and 
lasted from 1688 to 1698. The Peace of Ryswick, signed 
Sept. 20, 1697, w-as proclaimed in Boston in December, but 
not in Quebec till Sept. 22, 1698, so that the English colonists 
were in fear of attack for a year after the close of the war. 
The French in Canada incited the Indians to attack the 
exposed settlements, but the Connecticut valley w^as not the 
scene of such battles as took place in King Philip's w^ar. 

*'Watching and w^arding" was again resumed in Hatfield, 
half of the town to report to Constable Benjamin Waite and 
half to Constable Thomas Xash. Adequate preparations for 
defense were not neglected. The militia company, whose 
officers were Capt. John Allis, Lieut. Daniel Warner, and 
Ens. Eleazer Frary, was well drilled and ready for emergen- 
cies. No garrisons of regular soldiers were stationed in the 
town as in the previous conflict. By 1690 Hatfield had 80 
soldiers, according to the report of Major Pynchon. All 
males from sixteen to sixty, except negroes, were subject to 
military service. There were four training days every year, 
gala occasions, when all the inhabitants turned out to see the 
soldiers drill on the common. Regimental musters were held 


occasionally. The guns were flintlocks with a barrel three 
and one half feet long, the old matchlocks with a rest having 
been found ill fitted for use against the Indians, who used 
flintlocks if they could secure them. The newer arms were 
called also firelocks or snaphances. A law passed in 1693 
required each Massachusetts soldier to have a flintlock, a 
knapsack, cartridge box, one pound of powder, 20 bullets, 12 
flints, and a sword or cutlass. 

There was no fighting in Hampshire County during the 
first years of the war, but the settlers lived in constant fear. 
In 1688 and 1689 strange Indians were seen in the vicinity 
and some murders were committed. Northfield was again 
abandoned in 1690. The disastrous expedition against Que- 
bec, in which 2,000 men from Massachusetts took part, oc- 
curred in that year. 

February 25, 1689/90, Hatfield voted that three or four 
houses should be "well and strongly fortified and in particu- 
lar Mr. Williams', Jno Field's and Richard Morton's and 
Benj. Waite's" and liberty was granted Capt. John Allis to 
fortify his own house provided he did it at his own expense. 
The fortifying of Mr. Williams's house was left to the militia, 
probably that of the other houses also. A fortification of 
palisades was ordered from the south side of John Field's and 
Thomas Hastings's home lots (the same as the south line 
of fortification in King Philip's war) to the north side of 
Noah Wells's and Samuel Marsh's (opposite the Deerfield 
lane), "these fortifications to be laid out to every proprietor 
that hath interest within it according to his estate in the 
town list and that the militia of the town do see that it is 
done and finished as soon as is capable for the frost." The 
fortifications were not completed by December, however. In 
March, liberty was given to John Dickinson to move his 
house into town "and retain his lot as if his house was con- 
tinued thereon, provided he do his share of the fortification 
now agreed upon in the town and shall also build again on 
his lot when God shall by his Providence give liberty without 
danger of enemies." His lot was on Mill Lane, and, as no 
others requested the same privilege, perhaps the only one 
there. In 1693 the selectmen and a committee of the militia 
were appointed to "find out the most easy and equal way to 
repair them [the fortifications] and the gates and get it done 
forthwith." They were repaired again the next ye^t Xi^^'aLWs^ 



the enemv was abroad. Before the close of the war the 
fortifications extended 229 rods on the east side of the street 
and 245 on the west side, with limits as indicated above, and 
there were three fortified houses on "the Hill." There was 
also at "the Farms** one fortified house and a stockade 38 
rods long. In 1697 it was voted that the fort at "the Farms" 
should be re-edified. 

Several settlers had built residences north of Bashan. 
Some of the old cellar holes could be seen till the nineteenth 
century on land owned by the Beldens in Bradstreet. The 
settlement was known as "the Farms** because it was on the 
Denison farm. It was abandoned during Queen Anne's war 
and when rebuilt, before the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, was located in the present village of Bradstreet and was 
called West Farms. The exact date at which the Denison 
farm was purchased by proprietors is not known, but it was 
probably soon after the death of General Denison in 1682. 
The proprietors* records show that in 1689 eight men had 
house lots there 16 rods wide and presumably 80 rods in 
length like others in the town. — John Field, Joseph Field, 
Samuel Field, Robert Bardwell, Daniel Warner, William 
Arms, Samuel Gunn, and Andrew Warner. Perhaps several 
other settlers joined them. John Billings and Nathaniel 
Dickinson are known to have been there by 1698. 

A good supply of ammunition was kept on hand. March 
23, 1691/2, it was "voted by the Town that the selectmen of 
the Town send to the County Treasr to supply us with two 
barrels of Powder and lead answerable for a Town stock to 
employ Capt. Belcher to apply in our behalf to the Treasr to 
get it for us and ship it to Hartford/' and in 1697 forty 
shillings were appropriated for powder and lead "to add to 
the present stock/* 

On his return from Boston in 1689, Samuel Partridge be- 
came the captain of the Hatfield company. Ensign Eleazer 
Frary was succeeded by Daniel White, and the town records 
show that there was a Lieutenant Belden and a Lieutenant 
Hubbard, but what their first names were is not indicated — 
probably Stephen Belden and John Hubbard. There is men- 
tion of a Sergeant Frary, probably Eleazer, son of the ensign, 
and other sergeants were Robert Bardwell, Samuel Dickin- 
son, Samuel Field, Isaac Graves, Philip or Daniel Russell, 
and John White. 


The events of the war in the Connecticut valley may be 
briefly sketched. After the massacre at Schenectady by the 
French and Indians, Feb. 18, 1690, Deerfield, which as a fron- 
tier town was exposed to a like attack, was garrisoned by 60 
Connecticut troopers. In 1691 a party of Indians from New 
York, numbering 150, encamped in Hopewell Swamp between 
Hatfield and Deerfield and caused much alarm in the towns, 
though they professed friendly intentions. Many of them 
had formerly been inhabitants of the region. Captain Par- 
tridge was employed by Major Pynchon to negotiate with 
the Indians to secure their aid in giving warning of any 
attack from the north. The savages returned to New York 
in the spring of 1692. 

Several families in Deerfield were murdered June 6, 1693. 
Brookfield was attacked July 22 and a relief expedition was 
sent from the valley towns, in which Hatfield men took part. 
The Indians were surprised in a swamp, their supplies were 
captured, and some of the prisoners were recovered. The 
General Court granted the members of the expedition £40 
and allowed them to divide the spoils. 

The presence of bands of marauding savages was annoying 
to the settlers and many of the towns sought relief from the 
government. September 14, 1693, Hatfield sent Eleazer 
Frary to the General Court to say that the town desired no 
Indians to inhabit or to have trading privileges. In 1695 
an act was passed prohibiting trading with the Indians in 
Hampshire County. 

September 15, 1694, an attack on Deerfield by the French 
and Indians was repulsed. 

The next year some of the Albany Indians came again to 
the Connecticut river. August 18, 1695, a party of Deerfield 
men was attacked on its way to mill and one, Joseph Barn- 
ard, was killed. A pursuit of the Indians failed to discover 
the perpetrators of the outrage. The savages were seen fre- 
quently skulking in the woods and a strict watch was main- 
tained and scouting parties were sent out at intervals. 

On the sixteenth of September, 1696, some prisoners were 
taken at Deerfield by an unknown foe, and on October 5 
Richard Church of Hadley was murdered and scalped while 
hunting in the woods near Mt. Warner. Two of his fellow 
townsmen, Samuel Barnard and Ebenezer Smith, who had 
been with him during the afternoon, returned \tv \\ve ^v^mxv^ 


with the report that they had heard two shots close together. 
A search party gathered from Hadley, Northampton, and 
Hatfield, accompanied by some friendly Indians, found the 
body towards morning. Following the tracks, they came 
upon four Indians near Mt. Toby. One was captured and 
the other three were arrested in Hatfield the same dav, 
October 6. The remaining Indians in the camp in Hope- 
well were disarmed. There were eight other men, nine 
squaws, and 23 children. Part of the band was at Deerfield. 
The affair caused the greatest excitement in all the towns. 

A court of Oyer and Terminer was held at Northampton, 
October 21, to try the four prisoners, for which special jus- 
tices were appointed, — John Pynchon of Springfield, Samuel 
Partridge of Hatfield, Aaron Cooke of Hadley, Joseph Haw- 
ley of Northampton, and Joseph Parsons of Northamp- 
ton. John Pynchon, 3d, was clerk, Ebenezer Pomeroy of 
Northampton prosecuting attorney, and Richard Webb and 
William Holton of Northampton interpreters. Samuel Por- 
ter of Hadley was then high sheriff of the county. 

Mowenas and Moquolas were indicted as principals and 
Wenepuck and Pameconset as accessories. The jurors were 
as follows : — 

Grand jury — Preserved Clapp, foreman, John Taylor, Isaac Sheldon, Enos 
Kingslcy, John Parsons, Thomas Lyman, William Holton, and Samuel Wright 
of Northampton ; Nehemiah Dickinson, Jonathan Marsh, George Stillman, and 
Samuel Barnard of Hadley; Joseph Belknap, Samuel Belden, Samuel Dickin- 
son, and John White of Hattield. 

Petit jury — John Holyoke, Esq., foreman, and Thomas Colton of Spring- 
field ; John King, Medad Pomeroy, Judah Wright, and John Clark of North- 
ampton ; Timothy Nash, Daniel Marsh, and Thomas Hovey of Hadley; John 
Coleman, Daniel White, and Eleazer Frary of Hatfield. 

The Indians were tried separately and all declared guilty. 
The principals were sentenced to be shot and the execution, 
the first in Hampshire County, took place October 23. The 
two accessories were held till February and then released. 
They were put in the custody of Samuel Partridge, who ad- 
vised the colonial authorities not to deal too severely with 
them on account of the slight evidence against them and 
"not to agrevate their evil spirits against us." 

The trial and execution were the cause of a lengthy cor- 
respondence between Acting Governor William Stoughton 
and Governor Fletcher of New York, because the Albany 
Indians affirmed that the men were innocent and threatened 
retaliation. The minutes of the trial, signed by the justices, 


were sent to the governor, who forwarded a copy to the New 
York authorities. Samuel Partridge was allowed £31, 16s., 
for the expenses of the trial to be paid to the justices, jurors, 
and witnesses and for the board and guarding of the pris- 

The rest of the Indians remained in the vicinity till April, 
1697, when they went back to the Hudson and did not return 
to the Connecticut valley again. The General Court, im- 
pressed by the danger to the valley towns, passed an order 
that any Indians found within twenty miles of the west side 
of the Connecticut river should be considered enemies and 
treated as such. 

Marauding savages continued to operate at various times, 
however. July 13, 1697, Sergt. Samuel Field of Hatfield was 
killed, in what manner is not known. July 15, 1698, four 
Indians made a raid on the North Meadow, where some men 
and boys were at work hilling corn in the evening-presidents 
of "the Farms." The following account of the attack is 
taken from a letter sent to the General Court by Major 
Pynchon, dated July 18: — 

"ye come being high ye Indians came upon ym on a sudden they not 
seeing ym till they were upon ym & being unarmed & nothing to resist ym, 
The enemy killed Three presently Two lads and a man. The man John 
Billing one of our troopers was a year man ready for service upon all 
occasions, & hearing ye Bussel w^ent to his horse to be ready But just as he 
mounted his horse was shot downe dead, The two lads killed in ye place 
where they were at worke about their corne & another lad yt was with ym 
at work is wanting yt it is supposed he is also killed, or caryed away, though 
it is evident they rather desired killing than taking People because they had 
opportunity to have taken away more lads yt were there who got away one 
man by name Nathanel Dickenson, whose son was one of ye lads yt was 
killed was killed also & also yc lad wanting is another of his sons, sd 
Dickenson at some distance from them being alike concerned for his children 
Hearing ye Noise & disturbance whereabouts his children were at worke gat 
his horse and Rid to ye Place where seeing persons killed, & ye Indians 
drawing off Rid up to ym, when an Indian made shot at him and killed 
downe his horse, so yt he drew off & escaped wth several others yt were at 
worke They say it was only 4 Indians who came between ye rows of corne 
(ye corne being high) & were not descernable til killing of ym" 

Pynchon's account was not quite accurate, for John Bill- 
ings and Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., aged thirteen, were killed 
and Samuel Dickinson, eleven, and a boy named Charley 
were captured. They were rescued by a scouting party 
under Benjamin Wright of Northampton, composed of 
settlers from Northampton and Deerfield and some of the 
garrison soldiers from Deerfield. 

The Indians were known to the boys as lotrcvet '^v^w 



Indians of the band near Albany. A report of Samuel Par- 
tridge to the governor and council about the savages en- 
camped in Hopewell Swamp in 1697 stated that two of the 
men were then fighting for the English under Peter Aspin- 
wall, a friendly Indian. He reported six other men, nine 
squaws, and twenty-three children as the number, forty in 
all, and urged that they should all be ordered to remove from 
the vicinity, pleading with the authorities that the affair 
should be "so managed as may be to His glory and ye Good 
& Welfare of his poor Wilderness people.*' This roving band 
was probably responsible for all the outrages in Hampshire 
County during the war. They were the remnants of the 
aboriginal tribes of the Connecticut valley, Pocumtucks and 
Norwottucks and a few Nipmucks. These Albany Indians 
were called Scatacooks after their removal to New York 

The expenses of King William's war to Massachusetts 
were £150,000. It had a long frontier to defend from the 
Connecticut to the Kennebec in Maine, including part of 
the present state of New Hampshire. Not a great many 
lives were lost, but much property was destroyed and many 
captives were carried to Canada. Though bounties were 
offered for Indian scalps or heads of £10 to £12, and in some 
cases higher, few were killed. The following note«s on the 
pay of soldiers, etc., are taken from Judd's ''History of Had- 
ley" :— 

"Wages of officers and soldiers. — In 1696 and in other years, a private had 
6 shillings per week; drummer and corporal, 7s,; clerk and sergeants, 95.; 
ensign, 12s. ; lieutenant, 15s. ; captain, 30s. ; major, 50s. ; chaplain, 20s. ; sur- 
geon, 20s. Regular troopers or cavalry, each furnishing his own horse- 
Common trooper, 10s. ; trumpeter, clerk, and corporal, 12s. ; quartermaster, 
15s.; cornet, 20s.; lieutenant, 25s,; captain, 40s. Dragoons or common sol- 
diers with horses, 8s. These wages seem not to differ much from those in 
Philip's war. A post had 4 pence a mile one way, and bore the charges of 
himself and horse. 

"Subsistence for soldiers. — In 1696, the price of food for soldiers not 
stationary was 8 pence per day ; for those in garrison, 3s. 6d. per week. The 
soldiers were well supplied with food. Many were billeted m families and 
lived as they did. Others had pork or beef, bread or dry biscuit, and peas. 
In some expeditions they carried the Indian food called "nocake," which was 
Indian corn parched and beaten into meal. Rum, sugar, pipes, and tobacco 
were to be provided for an expedition to Maine in September, 1689. Keeping 
a horse at grass a day and night was 3 pence, and at hay and provender, 

No soldiers were doing garrison duty in Hatfield till the 
last year of the war, when the General Court assigned three 


men for a garrison for the town and farm June 10, 1698. It 
appears from Pynchon's report of the encounter in the 
North Meadow that John Billings, a Hatfield man, was one 
of these garrison soldiers. The other two were probably 
residents of the town also. They were assigned to regular 
military duty under pay of the province, so that their fellow 
townsmen could be free to attend to their ordinary farm 

The Superior Courts were suspended in Hampshire County 
in 1695 and during the rest of the war. Taxes were heavy 
and were hard to collect. Paper money, the province bills 
of credit, was issued for the first time. Hampshire County 
was slow in paying the taxes and the money called for, 
instead of provision pay, was thought especially burden- 
some. There was some agitation for a secession to Con- 

While Samuel Partridge was in Boston attending the 
General Court, he exchanged grain sent from Hatfield for 
money to pay the town's taxes to the colony. The town 
records of 1690 show that the rate of £33, 15s., for that year 
was collected in grain by the constables and, if it miscarried 
on the voyage. Captain Partridge ^vas to be repaid. Wheat 
was valued at 2s. 6d. i>er bushel, peas at 2s., corn at Is. 6d. 
and not over one third was to be paid in corn. The injustice 
of the money tax was so severely felt that it occasioned many 
petitions from the valley towns, in one of which it was stated 
that "not one in ten [had] any income of money in any 
manner." The General Court sometimes allowed grain to 
be taken at a discount of one third from the ruling rates of 

In acknowledgment of the assistance furnished by Con- 
necticut, the following letter was sent: — 

'*The ready assistance this county of Hampshire, in their majesties* prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, have had and found in our 
distresses in the times of war, from our neighbors and friends of Connecticut 
colony, calls for our grateful acknowledgment, as we do expect the con- 
tinuance of their former friendliness and good neighborhood. 

"Wherefore, these are humbly to signify, that we have received great help 
and good a'^sistance from the government of their majesties* colony of Con- 
necticut, in a ready, large and plentiful supply of men and help, both in the 
first war in the years 1675 and 1676, as also at divers times upon emergencies 
and exigences, they have performed great helpfulness in going upon discov- 
eries and keeping garrisons, to their great charge, and now lately in their 
assistance at Deerfield, our chief frontier town; whereby thtou^Vv Qi^^ 
goodness, they have been a great support and guard, etvcoui^^ercv^TvX. ^xA 


safety to our county, and discouragement to the common enemy; and here- 
unto we subscribe our hands, September 28th, 1693. 

"Solomon Stoddard, Minister of Northampton. 
John Williams, Minister of Deerfield. 
William Williams, Minister of Hatfield. 
Edward TA^xoR, Minister of Westfield. 

[Springfield and Hadley were destitute of a settled minister in 1693.] 

John Pynchon, 

Peter Tilton, 

Aaron Cook, 

Joseph Hawley, 

Samuel Partrigg, 

Justices of the Peace for West Hampshire, 
in the province of the Massachusetts Bay. 
in N. E. 

Thomas Colton, Capt. of Springfield. 

Samuel Roote, Lieut, of Westfield. 

Timothy Nash, Lieut, of Hadley. 

Samuel Partrigg, Capt. of Hatfield. 

John King, Lieut, of Northampton." 

The war did not cause the suspension of other activities 
as did the first Indian war, and the town records for the 
period indicate great extension and improvement going on. 
Repairs on the meetinghouse were begun early in 1689, addi- 
tional seats were put in the galleries on the north and south, 
the side windows were shut up and covered, and windows 
with four lights apiece were put in the east and west sides 
of the roof, the work "to be w^ell performed and workman- 
like.*' Fifty-three shillings were appropriated for the pur- 

In the last chapter reference was made to the first recorded 
measures for the support of the poor. In September, 1688, 
Samuel Belden and Samuel Partridge were directed to in- 
quire into the state of William King's family, and the next 
year it appears that Goodwife Belden took charge of King's 
wife during confinement. She was insane and evidently sub- 
ject to severe outbreaks, for in 1689 it was voted that a 
small house or cellar should be built on King's lot at the 
town's expense and '*in case said King's wife be out or 
unruly to secure her in it." May 18, 1692, the infirm condi- 
tion of Goodwife King was noted. Dr. Hastings was "de- 
sired to do what he can by w^ay of physic or otherwise to 
bring her to a better pass if it may be and the charge thereof 
to be paid by the town." 

In 1694 Thomas Bracy was ordered "to sell his lot for the 
relief of his family to be disposed to the selectmen for their 
present support," and to prevent the children from growing 


up in idleness they were "put out" for employment in other 

Somewhat later relief was given "Jane Stratton a Scotch 
maid long resided as an inhabitant in this Town and now 
being decrepit and many infirmities attending her. [The 
selectmen were to] take a survey of her infirmities and to 
supply them upon the towns charge.'* 

In this connection the fact may be recorded that on Dec. 
19, 1698, a contribution was made for Daniel Belden and 
Martin Smith, who had been reduced to straits by their cap- 
tivity in Canada after the attack on Deerfield in 1696. 

The first poorhouse was built a few years later. In March, 
1702/3, it was voted that the town would "by way of rate or 
otherwise build a house of ten pound for the use of Thos. 
Bracy's family so long as they need it, afterward to be for 
the Town's use from time to time.'' Instead of building a 
house, the town in October bought "John Fields little house'' 
and allowed 20 shillings for a cellar to be dug under it. 
It is not known whether this house stood on John Field's 
lot or was moved to one of the town lots or placed in the 
highway. John Field at that time owned the Goodwin lot, 
where the first two ministers had lived, and he probably 
occupied the house on it. His "little house" may have been 
the one built by his father at the first settlement of the town. 

The live stock industry was becoming more important. In 
1690 the owners of sheep were allowed to fence in a tract of 
land north of the town, ''provided it be no obstruction to the 
town or county highway." December 18, 1693, it was de- 
cided to raise the number of sheep in town to 700 by the 
first of the next April and a committee was appointed as 
sheep masters to consider advantageous ways to promote the 
industry. These sheep masters were Ensign Frary, Sergeant 
Waite, John Cowles, William Arms, and Samuel Partridge. 
For several years they entered every year on the general 
records an agreement with a shepherd to care for the flocks, 
first Robert Ppick or Poag, afterwards William King. The 
ambitions of the settlers were not fullv realized, for in 1691 
the sheep numbered only 273. By 1699 there were 291 
owned as follows: Thomas Meekins. 2; John Cowles, 28; 
widow Russell, 9; John Belden, 6: Isaac Graves, 2; John 
Graves Taylor, 8; Samuel Partridge, 30; John Graves, Sr., 
10; Nathaniel Graves. 4; Richard Billings, 1; S^mv\^\ \^\c.V 


inson, 4; Richard Morton, 28; Benjamin Waite, 16; John 
Field, 11 ; Isaac Hubbard, 3; Samuel Belden, Sr., 5 ; Jeremiah 
Alvord, 14; William Scott, 10; Ichabod Allis, 12; Samuel 
Graves, 4; Nathaniel Dickinson, 14; Thomas Nash, 2; Ed- 
ward Church, 11; Samuel Belden, Jr., 1; Mr. Williams, 11; 
Samuel Dickinson, Jr., 6; Joseph Smith, 4; John White, 20; 
Eleazer Frary, 15. In 1697 King's hill was fenced for a sheep 
pasture and any other animals found inside were pounded. 

The fattening of cattle was becoming an important indus- 
try and regulations regarding cattle appear in the records. 
Two bulls were always to be kept in town and all old animals 
unfit for service were to be killed. Fat cattle were exempt 
from assessment in the town rates. Corn was so important 
a crop that Aug. 23, 1697, a bounty of 8d. apiece was oflfered 
on "blackbirds" killed. The use of any disagreeable material 
such as tar to keep the crows from pulling up the sprouting 
corn was probably not understood. Large numbers of hogs 
were kept and pork was sent to market down the river. 

The gathering of tar and turpentine from the pine trees 
in towns along the valley was begun in the seventeenth cen- 
tury and continued up to about the middle of the eighteenth. 
The turpentine was sent to Boston to be distilled. In 1696 
Hatfield forbade the taking of resin from pine trees on ac- 
count of the damage done to them, but the practice was not 
stopped. In 1699 those who had boxed trees on the common 
land so that they fell to obstruct the highways were ordered 
to clear them from the road. The industry appeared to be 
quite profitable to those who engaged in it, but detrimental 
to the interests of the proprietors as a whole. A record of 
the year 1700 shows that Nathaniel Smith, Joseph Smith, and 
Nathaniel Kellogg had boxed several hundred trees. They 
were allowed to go on with the gathering of turpentine from 
these, but were forbidden to box any more trees. Two 
years later John Wells was given liberty "notwithstanding 
former orders to cut and improve 500 pine trees on the north 
side of our bounds so long as he has cause for the use of 
turpentine." In 1703 Ebenezer Billings and Joseph Morton 
were granted liberty to gather turpentine on the commons 
and it appears that in 1708 Samuel Gillett had 1,500 trees 

In 1693 John Graves, Sr., was permitted to build a malt 
house in front of his home lot on "the Hill," taking as much 


of the highway as necessary. The same year Thomas King 
of Northampton applied for a grant of a small piece of ground 
to set up a shoemaker's shop. He was given about an acre 
at the gate at the south of the town on condition that he 
remain ten years. He relinquished the rights the next year 
and moved to Hartford, Conn. The advantage of having a 
shoemaker in town was appreciated, and in 1696 King's 
grant was given to Joseph Chamberlain on the same condi- 
tion. He had been one of the soldiers who settled in Hadley 
about 1676. He probably set up a shop in his house, but did 
not remain in town long, for in 1699 he was allowed to sell 
his house without completing the length of time required 
by the terms of his grant. He moved to Colchester, Conn. 

Schools were regularly maintained and the teachers, of 
whom there were several at different times, were paid from 
£30 to £35. In 1694 Dr. Hastings began to teach again, and 
in 1699 "Thomas Hastings, son to Dr. Hastings," was ap- 
pointed schoolmaster. He taught regularly for a long time. 
He was also a physician and became prominent in town 
affairs in a few years. 

The fixing of the town boundaries occupied much attention 
during this period and succeeding years. April 1, 1689, a 
committee was appointed to "perambulate the bounds with 
Deerfield" and notice was sent to that town. An amicable 
agreement was reached with their neighbors on the north 
and the bounds were fixed in April, 1696, by Samuel Par- 
tridge and Benjamin Waite with Godfrey Nims and Philip 
Matoon of Deerfield, who "marked a little walnut tree with 
H. D. near the greet river and [the line was] so to r,i^n by 
marked trees westward to the Mill River Swamp," at about 
the present boundary line between Whately and Deerfield. 

The trouble with Northampton and Hadley, to which ref- 
erence has been made before, was not so easily adjusted and 
petitions were sent to the General Court and many letters 
exchanged with the towns in question, of which one will 
serve for illustration: — 

"To THE Town of Hadley 

"Brethren and Friends — We delight not in burthening you or ourselves 
with abundance of words in matters that seem to us plain and equal and do 
judge it rather a means to darken than to come at the truth ; and to a further 
settlement of things between us which we are ready and desirous of, we have 
formerly sent to yourselves desiring it might be communicated to the Town 
our desires for a loveing and speedy settlement of the bounds between our 
Town and yours. We have received a paper under the hands oi -^owt ^^^cX.- 


men without any sigtiifieatioti of the Towns consent and concurence with it, 
wherein you in many things seem to slight our proposals 10 you. and to load 
us with many things which we ju<lge to be inconsistent with truth as we are 
able particularly to evince, and did we desire anything more than love and 
peace wc would say upon former things, which that shall appear. Whether 
j'ourselves or we have been the party and covenant breakers the world may 
judge, but we delight not in it, but the things we arc desirous of some jusi 
and equal settlement of Bounds between us and desire the things may be 
fairly laid before your Town to see whether something may not be done to 
prevent further trouble, and we would lay before to your consideration a few 
things & 

"1st Whether anything can be judged an obligation • • • or settle- 
ment of bounds without mutual agreement of both Towns — 

"2d Whether settlement of the bounds be not necessary and whether the 
speediest and lovingest settlement be not best — 

"3 Whether the present devision of lands between us for the payment of 
public dues be not full of confusion and contrary lo reason and custom — 

"4 Whether according to the record which saith we were to join in one 
society till the Lord call either party to be a Society by themselves, we had 
not a clear call and your consent also to be a Society by ourselves — 

"5 You and we having set up two churches are we not to do what tf 
sufficient for supporting of both — 

■"6 If the habitations had been in Hatfield and the charge as much lo 
uphold a church there as at Hadley, should you not, would you not have said 
the land ought not to have been so divided as to have left there one third 
part of ii to bear public charges there — 

"7 Whether you are not in danger to lose Little Ponset to Korlhamplon 
if the River be not ihe bound between us. We desire to leave these thingi 
with you and so we request that you would not too rashly refuse our motions 
but duly weigh and consider them and with as much speed as may be that you 
would give us a positive and plain answer to what we have desired in this 

"Jany 2l5t 1692/3 the aforesaid was voted by the Town of Hatfield to be 
sent and communicated to the Town of Hadley and that Ens. Frary and 
Samll Marsh have opportunity and liberty to treat with Hadley about it, ' 

"Samll Paktrigg CltrV 

The river was finally ordered to be the boundary betwWD 
the towiLs by the General Court. Xov. 2, 1733. 

The boundary with Northampton was fixed Nov. 20. 172A 
by a committee from the General Court, both town-* agravog 
to accept the original boundary south of Capawonk Mei^W 
e.stablished as the line between Hadley and NorthatnpUil 
before the incorporation of Hatfield, but before settlefn«iit 
of the case was made there had been several lawsuits between 
owners of the land near the line. Hatfield men complaining 
of trespass on their property by Xorthampton settlers and 
vice versa. The reason for the agitation of the question 
with Xnrtham])ton was because it was feared that if the 
south line of the town was so near the houses, — within a 
mile of those on "the Hill," — there would be a scarcity of 
wood and stone for the inhabitants in the south part of the 
town and there could be no further growth in that direction. 


No other settlement was so near the limits of its township 
grant. The line was surveyed and estabUshed in April, 1721, 
by a committee from both towns. 

The first choice of assessors as a separate body is recorded 
under date of July 24, 1694, — Lieut. Daniel White, Ens. 
Eleazer Frary, and Samuel Marsh. In 1697 heads were 
assessed at 2s,; houses, "6s. the highest and others propor- 
tionally at the judgment of the assessors" ; land, 10s. per acre ; 
oxen, 50s. ; cows, 3 years old, 30s., 2 years old, 20s., 1 year 
old, 10s.; horses, 40s., 2 years old, 20s., 1 year old, 10s. ; hogs, 
5s. ; sheep, 3s, ; negroes, 2s. This is the first reference in the 
town records to negroes. Mr. Williams had negro slaves 
and possibly other inhabitants did also. During the eight- 
eenth century many were owned in town. 

The town officers chosen in 1697 were constables, select- 
men, clerk, tithing men, surveyors of highways, fence view- 
ers, field drivers, and assessors. Packers of meat and gaugers 
of casks are occasionally mentioned. Fence viewers and field 
drivers, who were important officials and had much to do to 

Middle Lane. 

prevent damage to standing crops, were first called haywards. 
Fencing was always neglected by the proprietors during 
war time. 

Middle Lane was built up during King William's war. 
John Belden and Samuel Kellogg were living there in 1696 



and very likely there were oth'er occupants of the grants that 
had been made, but it is impossible to ascertain who they 
were or at what time they became permanent residents of 
that section. Probably several more houses on "the Hill" 
were built at this period also. 

In 1695 Hatfield was granted additional territory by the 
General Court. The tract was three miles wide and six miles 
long beyond the western boundaries, nearly the same as the 
present township of Williamsburg. It was called the "Hat- 
field Addition" or '^Hatfield Three Mile Grant," sometimes 
"Hatfield Woods." The land became a part of the commons 
and was not divided among the inhabitants till 1752. 




" Think naught a trifle, though it small appear." 

The call for more land. — Additional grants of parts of the meadows. — 
Taking up of lots in Hopewell Swamp — Purchase of the Bradstreet farm. — 
The proprietors' books. — Highways and bridges. — Improvement of the breed 
of horses. — Election of Thomas Hastings, Jr., as town clerk. — A new pound. — 
The minister's salary. — Building of the second meetinghouse. 

The interval of peace between 1698 and 1703, when Queen 
Anne's war broke out, seems to be rather barren of impor- 
tant events, but it was a period of expansion, nevertheless. 
More land was needed by the growing community. The 
commons, as divided in 1684, were not thought desirable for 
tillage and probably had grown up to valuable forests, but 
there was still some land at the disposal of the town which 
had not been assigned to proprietors and the Bradstreet farm 
was secured in this interval. 

The town appointed a committee, Dec. 19, 1699, "to survey 

any upland that may be fit to improve and to accommodate 

inhabitants." Three tracts of land were found available for 

the purpose, the first, the land between the Denison farm and 

Hopewell Swamp. It was decided in March, 1700, to lay out 

this tract of land in equal portions for those who desired to 

take up fields there, and in December of that year the vote 

'■^^arding the perpetual reservation of a sheep pasture was 

''^scinded, the sequestered land again to be at the town's 

^^sposal. It appears from the record that some men **desired 

^^ mhabit on the Plain or Deerfield road." The intention 

^^ Purchasing the Bradstreet farm was mentioned at that 

^ hose who proposed to take up their residences "between 
!}^ farm and Hopewell" were Jonathan Williams, Joseph 
j;|^^rnberlain, Nathaniel Kellogg, Josiah Scott, Zechariah 
*'^M, Samuel Russell, John Belden, Samuel M^t?>Vv, N^J \\\\^v^ 


Scott, Jr., and Benoni Wright. Some of these were among 
the first settlers of Whately, but no houses were built in that 
part of the town as early as the time under consideration. 
There seemed to be considerable opposition to further divi- 
sion of land by the proprietors who had held land for a longer 
period. They wished to rent land to newcomers or the 
young men who were becoming heads of families. 

Other tracts to be opened to grants were King's hill and 
the land south of the Northampton road between the high- 
way and the Little Ponsett fence. The King's hill tract was 
the old sheep pasture. March 17, 1700, it was voted that 
these tracts, together with the land between the Denison 
farm and Hopewell, should be laid out in proportion to those 
who wanted land. Opposition was strong and the matter 
dragged. April 6, 1702, it was voted that the three tracts 
should be divided so that each man should have his whole 
allotment in one tract with permission to change if he de- 
sired. In November it was decided to have another survey 
before the bounds were established. Those who took up the 
new land were to be owners and not tenants. The lots were 
to be of ten acres each. The subject will be spoken of again 
in Chapter XII. in connection with the settlement of 
Whately. The grants were not recorded and in 1707 a com- 
mittee appointed to search the records declared that they 
could not find any reference to the matter. The next year, 
however, the grants were confirmed to John Belden, Josiah 
and William Scott, and Ebenezer Marsh. The vote regard- 
ing King's hill was declared null and void and that section 
was reserved again for a sheep pasture until 1733, when it 
was sold to Ebenezer Bardwell for £422 for the 60 acres 
included in it. He signed a release to the town two years 
later and Israel Williams secured 20 acres of it for £200 and 
John Field, Jr., the remainder for £200. What disposition 
the town finally made of the third tract spoken of, near Littler 
Ponsett, a careful search of the records does not disclose.^ 
except that it was occasionally rented. 

Hadley ordered a division of its commons in 1700, and i 
1703 a report was made of the survey and the location of th 
lots in three divisions of the commons east of the village t 
78 Hadley proprietors and to 16 from Hatfield. The latte 
were as follows : — 



of the lots. 



No. of the lots. 



In the First Diinsion. 


Daniel Warner 




Samuel Marsh 




Widow Warner 




Samuel Dickinson 




Joseph Smith 




Rev. Wm. Williams 




Ebenezer Wells 




John Cole 




Col. Sam'l Partridge 




John Graves 



Nath'l Dickinson 




Stephen Belden 




Edward Church 



Ebenezer Billings 



In the Second Division. 


Samuel Belden, Jr. 



Thomas Xash 



Every rod in width gave an acre and a half of land. The 
total amount of land given to the proprietors of the two 
towns was 5,103 acres. This land was wooded for the most 
part and was not cleared for many years. The reason the 
Hatfield men shared in the division of the Hadley commons 
was that they were rated in the Hadley lists as owning 
meadow land belonging to that town, but located on the 
west side of the river. 

December 31, 1700, a report was made of the lots taken up 

in Hopewell Swamp. This was the wet swamp mentioned 

when the first division of land was made in the Mill Swamp. 

It was first called Hopewell in 1679. It ran north from 

Great Pond through the present town of Whately. A vote 

had been passed to drain it in 1693. Lots of 13 acres each 

were taken up in order, beginning at the south, by Samuel 

Partridge, Ens. Eleazer Frary, Lieut. Daniel White, Ensign 

Frary, John Graves, Sr., the heirs of Samuel Graves, Samuel 

Dickinson, and the heirs of John Graves. The expenses for 

surveying and staking the lots were 3d. each per acre. The 

use of a compass is mentioned in this survey for the first 


On the same date report was made of the measurement 
of the Denison farm and the marking of its boundaries. 

In November of the next year, 1701, the selectmen and 

^oivn measurers were authorized to join with the proprietors 

^1^ the Bradstreet farm "to lay out said farm so that neither 

^^ proprietors nor the town should be damnified.'' The farm 

Ciovernor Bradstreet, who died in 1697, was thus appar- 

^^^y bought about 1700, but the first purchasers are not 

/^^^"vvn with certainty. These farms were never owned by 

/^^ town as all the other land had been, which was granted 

y t:he General Court under the old charter and purchased 

'^^'"^ the Indians. A book of proprietors' records was kept, 

^^P^rate from the general records of the town, b\ VW o\nyv^\^ 



of real estate, and the proprietors of the Bradstreet and Den- 
ison farms also met as legal bodies to act in regard to fenc- 
ing, surveying, and making roads. They usually met jointly 
and the records were kept in one book. These records of the 
proprietors of the Bradstreet and Denison farms cover the 
period from 1713 to 1735, their first book of records — for it 
seems likely there must have been an earlier one — being 
lost. The owners of the Bradstreet farm in 1719 were as 
follows : — 

First Half Mile in Hopcwcll- 
Samuel Gunn, 
Josiah Scott, 
Ebenezer Bardwell, 
Samuel Belden, 
John Crafts, 
Josiah Scott, 
John Wait, 
Ebenezer Morton, 
Nathaniel Coleman, 
Thomas Field. 
Jonathan Smith, 
Zachery Field. 

First Division of Upper Mile- 
Josiah Scott, 
Zachery Field, 
Joseph Smith, 
John Crafts, 
John White, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Zachery Field, 
Ebenezer Morton, 
John Wait, 
Nathaniel Coleman, 
Samuel Belden, 
John Belden, 
Ebenezer Bardwell. 

Second Half Mile in Hopewell— 
John Wait, 
Ebenezer Morton, 
Joseph Smith, 
Thomas Field, 
John Crafts, 
Zachery Field, 
Jonathan Smith, 
Josiah Scott, 
Nathaniel Coleman, 
Samuel Gunn, 
John Belden, 
Ebenezer Bardwell, 
Samuel Belden. 

Second Division of Upper Mile — 
Ebenezer Bardwell, 
John Belden, 
Samuel Belden, 
Nathaniel Coleman, 
John Wait, 
Ebenezer Morton, 
Zachery Field, 
John Smith, 
John White, 
John Crafts, 
Joseph Smith, 
Zachery Field, 
Jonathan Cole. 

The proprietors' roads through the farms were not ac- 
cepted as town highways, as the town had no jurisdiction 
over them, but the main road north and south between the 
Old and West Farms was undoubtedly the present river 
road, later taken as a town and county highway. 

At the beginning of the year 1701 the two main highways 
through the commons to the west and north were agreed 
upon in town meeting and formally accepted, after the report 
of a committee consisting of Samuel Partridge, Samuel Bel- 
den, Sr., Daniel White, Sr., Sanuicl Dickinson, Sr., and John 
White. The highways were laid out ten rods wide and 
rnnrkcd by blazed trees. The east one was at its upper end 


the present Straits road. It began at the Hatfield mill and 
ran northward along what is now Prospect Street to the top 
of Clay hill, — then called Clay gully, — where it was joined by 
the so-called Deerfield Lane leading from the street, then 
followed the line of the old Indian trail that led to Deerfield 
along the westerly bank of Great Pond and the west side of 
Hopewell Swamp to the beginning of what is now called the 
Straits road through Whately. It was then traveled through 
most of its extent and known as the Pocumtuck path. The 
part between Clay hill and West Brook is still open, though 
not so much used as branch highways on either side laid out 

The western highway was along the east side of Mill 
Swamp at its northern end, continued by the present Clave- 
rack road. When the road was first laid out it went only 
as far as "Upper Going Over'' the Mill Swamp at West 
Brook. At the southern end the road is not in use as a 
traveled way, but the town sandbank near John S. Denlein's 
house is on the original layout of this old town road. It ran 
northward from there near the brow of Mill Swamp hill and 
ditches which showed its location could still be followed 
through a large part of its extent till the land was brought 
under cultivation in the latter part of the nineteenth century. 
At intervals some traces of the ditches can vet be discovered. 
These two highways running north and south formed the 
divisions between the river meadows, the upland commons, 
and the wooded hills to the west. They were crossed at 
right angles by the east and west roads through the swamps, 
also originally ten rods wide, "Upper, Middle and Lower 
^o'ln^ Over," the latter starting from the highway to North- 
^'"pton at "the going down of the hill,'' now known as 
^^nics's corner. There was a road west from the mill, nearer 
^^ ^ill river than the present depot road, but not extending 
^c^o^s the swamp. "Middle Going Over'' was what is called 
^^ old depot road. Farther north, in the present township 
^'N/hately, there were proprietors' roads running east and 
^e^t: to give access to the lots, two of which were later taken 
^P ^.s public ways. Christian Lane and the Mt. Esther road. 
*^lie bridges on all the highways in town were kept in a 
goc^^ state of repair when freedom from watching and ward- 
*^S* ^as enjoyed. They seemed to require a good deal ot 
3-tt^jitjQ,^ every spring on account of the ftoods. TW'^^ wa.^ 


a disastrous flood in the spring of 1699 that caused an ex- 
penditure to be made "to repair the breaches made by the 
fete flood upon the Bridge and land about it between the 
Town and Hill as we go to Northampton." 

At this period the improvement of the horses began to 
receive attention. While the colonists all through New Eng- 
land had kept up the size and vitality of their other live stock, 
the horses had sadly deteriorated both in size and vigor, 
probably because they were not so necessary as the other 
farm animals or as they have since become. In the year 
1700 Hatfield appointed a committee to join with a com- 
mittee from Northampton to **consider a method to regulate 
the breed of horses and that we send to Deerfield to choose 
some men for the same to make return and fully settle the 
matter." It does not appear from the records what the 
result of the labors of the committee was, but it mav be 
inferred that better stallions were secured either from some 
of the Bay towns or from England. The breeding of horses 
in Hatfield received no attention as a special industry till 
after 1800. 

March 17, 1701/2, Thomas Hastings, Jr., was elected town 
clerk and the records from that time till 1728 are in his 
handwriting. In 1703 he was authorized to "find a book to 
record the town votes upon the town's charge." The new 
book was somewhat larger than the old ones and was well 
indexed. At first the entries were made in two columns on 
each page, but after a few pages this style was abandoned for 
the simpler and more easily followed one of having the lines 
occupy the full width of the page. The penmanship of the 
new clerk was superior to that of his predecessors. Many 
entries were made with a large, bold hand adorned with 
flourishes. The pages of the book are only slightly yellowed 
with age, and the quality of the ink was so good that the 
writing has not perceptibly faded. The ink was made at 
home by the old formula of soft maple bark boiled in vinegar, 
to which nails or scrap iron was added. Even as late as fifty 
years ago ink made after the manner of the early settlers 
was sold by itinerant peddlers in some of the towns in the 
Connecticut valley. 

March 31, 1699, Richard Billings w^as contracted with to 
build a new pound. The specifications were that the posts 
should he set three feet in the ground and to be at least 


seven feet above, "well and truly mortised for the rails at 
each end of them," with five rails and "a substantial gate 
well hanged in irons." The pound was to be built on the 
site of the old one, but where they stood is not known, 
probably near the south end of the street. Richard Billings 
was to receive 47 shillings and the posts and rails of the old 
pound. Damage done by the horses and cattle belonging to 
Northampton and other towns was mentioned, and such 
stock was ordered to be pounded when caught. The old 
proprietors' records are full of references to lost or strayed 
animals. The pound was an important public structure in 
the early days. 

A change in the manner of collecting the minister's rate 
was made in 1698, for on December 19 of that year it was 
voted that the minister's rate should be collected by the 
deacons instead of by the constables or the regular collectors 
of the rates. It was to be paid in rye at 3s. per bushel, 
"Indian" at 2s., barley at 2s. 9d., and oats at 2s. 6d. The 
minister's salary was then £50 per year and firewood. In 
1702 the town voted to give Mr. Williams £55 yearly for 
seven years in current money and also furnish firewood. 

The old meetinghouse had become too small for the con- 
gregation and Oct. 23, 1699, a committee was appointed to 
report at the next town meeting about building a new one. 
November 13 they reported that the old house was "judged 
to be inconvenient and insufficient" and recommendation was 
made for a new one 45 feet square with gable windows upon 
each side of the roof. A building committee was chosen — 
Col. Samuel Partridge, Lieut. Daniel White, Dea. John Cole- 
man, Ens. Eleazer Frary, Sergt. Benjamin Waite, Samuel 
Marsh, John White, Samuel Belden, Sr., and Samuel Dickin- 
son, Sr. — to have charge of the work, and it was decided to 
place the new meetinghouse on the knoll where the former 
one stood. The old house was not removed till the new one 
was completed, however. 

Nathaniel Dickinson offered to pay £7 in money if he 
mig-ht be "freed from further charges about the affair," and 
the offer was accepted by full vote of the town. December 
19 a rate of £5 was made "upon all the inhabitants for to be 
in money, which together with the seven pounds to be paid 
by Nathaniel Dickinson is to be to buy and purchase nails 
for the meetinghouse now rebuilding." 


Probably all the lumber was cut and prepared by the inhab- 
itants under the direction of the building committee as it 
was for the first house, though these particulars are not 
recorded. The structure was apparently about two years in 
building. August 25, 1701, Samuel Russell was authorized 
to make the glass for the windows and "to put it in. 5s. per 
foot to be paid for every foot in money." December 1, 1701, 
an account of Samuel Partridge was allowed for 6s. 6d. for 
five and a quarter feet of glass which he **found.'' In Oc- 
tober a rate of one hundred and odd pounds was ordered to 
pay the charges for finishing, the selectmen Jto make the rate, 
every head to pay seven shillings. The sum was not quite 
sufficient, for at the December meeting an additional rate 
had to be ordered, no record of the amount of which is pre- 
served. At the same time the old meetinghouse was sold to 
Samuel Partridge, Samuel Belden, Sr., Benjamin Waite, 
Samuel Belden, Jr., and Ichabod Allis for £7 "to be paid 
from the meetinghouse rate.'' 

August 25, 1701, the w^orkmen, Samuel Belden, Jr., and 
Ichabod Allis, were again given instructions to enlarge the 
old pulpit and make it uniform. Seating was ordered October 
28 "to be done forthwith by the best five men,'' w^ho w^ere 
Samuel Partridge, Deacons Coleman and Church, Samuel 
Belden, Sr., and Samuel Marsh. They were instructed in 
seating people "to go by age estate and places of trust" and 
to put six men and no more in each seat. The voters also 
gave instructions as to what seats in the galleries were to be 
considered the equivalent of specified seats in the body of the 
house. The galleries were on three sides. The house faced 
east and west, with the pulpit at the west end. No reference 
is made to a turret, but perhaps there was one similar to that 
on the first meetinghouse, since an elevated watch tower was 
still needed from which the approach of enemies could be 
watched. The old bell was hung in the new structure. 


'* I love anything that's old: — old friends, old times, old manners, old books, old wine." 

The Puritans. — Life of the Hatfield pioneers. — Class distinctions. — Horse 
racing. — Fines for extravagance in apparel. — The dress of the Puritans. — 
Love for the beautiful. — Architecture. — Gardens. — Music. — Use of titles. — 
Books. — The Bible and its influence. — Home industries. — Farm work and 
crops. — Social gatherings. — Marriage customs. — Funerals. — Drinking habits. 

Concerninpf the Puritan fathers of New England much 
has been written that glorifies their lives and extols their 
virtues to an extreme degree and on the other hand unsym- 
pathetic accounts convey wrong impressions about their 
austerity, hatred of pleasure, and joyless mode of life. The 
truth, as usual in such cases, lies midway between the 
extremes. When the veil of obscurity that clouds the past 
is lifted and the men and women of two hundred and two 
hundred and fifty years ago are revealed by what they said 
and did, it is seen that the founders of Hatfield were very 
human and loved the good things of life quite as much as 
their descendants at any subsequent period. Ideas, points 
of view, social and business habits have changed greatly 
with the lapse of time, but human nature is ever the same. 

The life of the pioneers was simple in many ways and 
they were straightforward and direct in speech, but in some 
respects there was a complexity and a cumbersomeness 
in their ways that was simplified as time went on. Division 
of labor and better organization in business have brought 


increased efficiency. The almost absolute democracy of the 
government that existed in the conduct of town aflfairs, 
^vhen all met together at frequent intervals to order with 
"Minute care how all things should be done, soon gave way 
^Q representative government and more authority was given 
officials. Changes in this matter and the methods of taxa- 
tion have already been spoken of. 
Try as they would to make all people co\\Iot\w \.o ^^t^- 


scribed rules of conduct, the independent and non-con- 
formist spirit that animated the English colonists of 
New England broke over the bounds they themselves had 
reared and rendered null and void arbitrary sumptuary laws, 
nor could the democratic equality they sought for be wholly 
maintained against the force of the habits of the past. Class 
distinctions based on wealth and birth, their heritage from 
feudal England, showed in many ways, notably in the 
matter of seating the people in the meetinghouse, a task 
that always caused jealousy and ill feeling. 

The early settlers were somewhat sparing in the use of 
titles, the full Christian name being applied usually without 
a prefix. Few were called Mr. except the minister, who 
was above the level of the rest in education and often also 
in wealth and social position. Rev. did not come into use 
for many years after the settlement of the town. It was 
first applied in the records to William Williams and not 
alwavs to him. Deacon was from the first an honored title 
and military rank was acknowledged in speech and writing 
wherever it existed. The term Worshipful was given to 
those who were in commanding authority or whose superior 
ability was recognized. For others Goodman and Good- 
wife, or Goody, sufficed. The wife and daughter of a Mr. 
might be called Mistress. 

That the love of sport led even the hard working and 
austere settlers to extremes is indicated by the references 
in the Hatfield records. In 1672 the selectmen ordered 
that all racing in the meadows and highways should be 
stopped because of the damage done the fields and crops 
and because, in addition to the danger of being hurt, many 
children and servants spent too much time in watching 
the sport. Probably the selectmen in their self-imposed 
task of stopping the practice found it difficult to control the 
young men, and on the long straight course between the 
lines of fences leading through the meadows to the landing 
at Hadley, out of sight of the village street, the youth 
learned lessons in horsemanship that fitted them to become 
dragoons in the Indian wars tliat soon came on. 

Tlie natural desire for display in dress early brought to 
some the ])enalties of the laws of the land, for the early 
str'itiitcs commended — 


"unto all sortes of persons the sober and moderate use of those blessings 
which, beyond expectation, the Lord hath bin pleased to aflfoard unto us in 
this wilderness, and also to declare our utter detestation and dislike that men 
or weomen of meane condition should take upon them the garbe of gentle- 
men, by wearing gold or silver lace or buttons, or points at their knees, or to 
walk in greatc bootes, or weomen of the same rancke to weare silke or 
tiffany hoodes or scarfes, which though allowable to persons of greater 
estates, or more liberall education, yett wee cannot but judge it intollerable 
in persons of such like condition: — itt is therefore ordered by this Courte, 
and the authority thereof, that no person within this jurisdiction, or any of 
their relations depending uppon them, whose visible estates, reall and per- 
sonall, shall not exccede the true and indifferent valew of two hundred 
pounds, shall wear any gold or silver lace, or gold or silver buttons, or any 
bone lace above two shillings pr. yard, or silk hoods, or scarfes, uppon the 
penaltie of tenn shillings for every such offence, and every such delinquent 
to be presented by the graund jury." 

This law ''against excesse in apparelP' passed Oct. 14, 
1651, required the selectmen of towns to "have regard and 
take notice of apparell in any of the inhabitants of their 
several towns respectively." In 1676 sixty-eight persons, 
both men and women, were tried at the County Court in 
Northampton for "wearing silk and that in a flaunting 
manner, for long hair and other extravagances,'* and 
several Hatfield people were fined. The law, however, 
soon became a dead letter. 

The idea that the dress of the Puritans was somber is 
erroneous. In the ordinary garments of homespun rich 
tones of russet and brown were worn by the men, often 
trimmed with brighter hues, while for shirts striped goods 
of blue and white were favorites. Dyes of logwood, mad- 
der, and indigo furnished reds and blues for the women 
and for additional adornment green ribbons were eagerly 
sought. Demure faces peeped from beneath many a red 

Among the God-fearing iconoclasts, who, denying the 
divine rights of kings and bishops, left their homes in Eng- 
land to escape the tyranny of the Stuart kings and the 
persecution of ecclesiastical authorities and who protested 
against the unrestrained license of the Restoration, there 
-was a love of the beautiful no less strong than a love of the 
good. An American art w^as slow of development, but 
one does not have to look far to discover an aesthetic sense 
among the early settlers. It found its chief expression in 
the colonial architecture. While no houses remain in 
Hatfield that date back to the seventeenth century, prob- 
ably there was no great difference between iVvetw ^wA. \\vos^ 



erected a little later. Some of the colonial houses have a 
simple and dignified beauty of line lacking in many more 
pretentious structures of a later period and not a few were 
adorned with hand carved portals and interior moldings 
of great beauty of design and workmanship. The curves 
of the Hatfield streets, whose original layouts have been 
preserved, show that those who surveyed them had an 

eye to the artistic possibilities. The picturesque Indian 
names are j)rcserved in the jlesignations of localities, and 
naiues chosen by the settlers, like Bashan. indicate an 
appreciation of the natural beauties of the surroundings. 
The noble trees which have always been an attraction of 
the Connecticut valley werfi allowed to grow unmolested- 
There is a record that an oak tree standing near the Cow 
Bri<lge was to be preserved for shade and a heavy penalty 
was ordained for any one who should fell it or even lop its 

The busy housewives found time amid their household 
duties to tend and care for some of the flowers they had 
loved in their I'^njrlish homes and many unfamiliar ones 
that blossomed in profusion in the new land. Josselyn 


in his account of his travels, published in 1672, mentioned 
the gardens in the dooryards of the colonists. He says: 
"Fever-few prospereth exceedingly; white sattin groweth 
pretty well, and so doth lavender cotton ; gilly flowers will 
continue two years; horse leek prospereth notably; holly- 
hocks; comferie with white flowers; clary lasts but one 
summer; sweetbryer or eglantine; celandine but slowly; 
bloodwort but sorrily, but patience and English roses very 

The singing of psalms was much enjoyed by the early 
settlers all through New England, though very likely their 
singing was not tuneful. The practice of "lining out" or 
"deaconing" the hymns originated very early. Few of the 
old psalm books had music and not all the congregation 
were supplied with books, so that it was necessary to sing 
the hymns a line at a time and one of the deacons was usu- 
ally the one chosen to lead the singing of the few tunes that 
wet^. then in use. There were probably few musical instru- 
niiesits in Hatfield in the early days, though the bass viol 
wfUl- tised to accompany singing in church in the eighteenth 
ocaiitiiry and may have been so employed earlier. 

There were few books owned by the settlers. The min- 
istefs, of course, had libraries consisting of sermons, tracts, 
and other theological works. Some books of travel like 
Josselyn's "New England Rarities'* or the historical works 
of Hubbard and Mather may have been possessed by a few. 
The public statutes were required by law to be familiar 
to all and no doubt some legal publications were circulated 
and read. There is in Memorial Hall in Hatfield a book 
that was the property of Samuel Partridge, containing the 
charter granted by William and Mary and some of the 

The English Bible was the one book familiar to all, read 
and studied by every household till its language became the 
language of the street, the market, and the place of public 
assembly, as well as the house of worship, the model of 
w^ritten expression in letters, petitions, and legislative utter- 
ances as well as the basis of sermons. The following quo- 
tation from Green's "History of England" shows the 
influence exerted by it even before the departure of the 
colonists to America : — 


"The popularity of the Bible was owing to Other causes besides that of 
religion. The whole prose literature of England, save the forgotten tracts of 
Wyclif, has grown up since the translation of the Scriptures by Tyndall and 
Coverdale. No history, no romance, no poetry, save the little-known verse 
of Chaucer, existed for any practical purpose in the English tongue wheo the 
Bible was ordered to be set up in churches. Sunday after Sunday, day after 
day, the crowds that gathered around Bonner's Bibles in the tiave of St 
Paul's, or the family group that hung on the words of the Geneva Bible in 
the devotional exercises at home, were leavened with a new literature. 
Legends and annals, war song and psalm, State-rolls and biographies, ibt 
mighty voices of prophets, the parables of evangelists, stories of missioo 
journeys, of perils by the sea and among the heathen, philosophic arguinetits, 
apocalyptic visions, all were flung broadcast over minds unoccupied for the 
most part by any rival learning. The disclosure of the stores of Gredc 
literature had wrought the revolution of the Renaissance. The disclosure of 
the older mass of Hebrew literature wrought the revolution of the Refomia- 
tion. But the one revolution was far deeper and wider in ils effects than tlit 
other. No version could transfer to another tongue the peculiar charm of 
language which gave their value to the authors of Greece and Rome 
Classical letters, therefore, remained in the possession of the learned— -tfaat 
is, of the few ; and among these, with the exception of Colei and Mor& W 
of the pedants who revived a Pagan worship in the gardens of the Flo "" 
Academy, their direct influence was purely intellectual. But the lol 
the Hebrew, the idiom of the Hellenic Greek, lent themselves . 
curious felicity to the purposes of translation. As a mere literary 
■ ment. the English version of the Bible remains the noblest example 
English tongue. Its perpetual use made it from the instant of its : 
the standard of our language. But for the moment its literary 
less than its social. The power of the book over the ir.^iss of Englt) 
showed itself in a thousand superficial ways, and in none more ( 
ously than in the influence it exerted on ordinary speeth. It for 
must repeat, the whole literature which was practica.lly accessible to 
Englishmen; and when we recall the number of common phra 
owe to great authors, the bits of Shakespeare, or Milton, o 
Thackeray, which unconsciously iciterweave themselves in our ordin, 
we shall better understand the strange mosaic of Biblical words and 
which colored English talk two hundred years ago. The mass of pict_ 
allusion and illustration which we borrow from a thousand book^ 
fathers were forced to borrow from one; and the borrowing was the qf, 
and the more natural that the range of the Hebrew literature fllied itii 
the expression of every phase of feeling." 

The seventeenth century was the age of home industries. 
Hatfield had a corn mill, sawmill, and a blacksmith shop. 
All other work was done at home. The women of tlie house- 
hold had constant labor to supply the wants of the 
family. Food supplies had to be preserved for use for the 
year. There were no stores or markets in town to supply 
deficiencies, ami sugar and salt were practically the only 
groceries to be obtained. The Indians tauglit the settlers i 
to make maple sugar. Herbs for flavoring and for medic- 
inal purposes were grown and cured. Candles were not 
used very much in the seventeenth century, candle wood — 
knots and splinters of resinous wood — taking their place. 
The wool of the flocks and the flax grown in the fields 


nished the material for clothing and other household 
■rics and the steps in the preparation of the raw material 
re understood by ail. A fulling miil was in operaion at 
;st Brook quite early, though not until after 1700. The 
nning wheel, the loom, and the dye pot were in every 
me and most of the tailoring and dressmaking was per- 
med by the members of the household. Linsey-woolsey, 
lixture of linen and wool, was the commonest fabric, while 
V, the refuse combings of the flax, was made into towels 
1 other coarse goods. Flax was worth alx>ut 6d, per 

ind and tow 3d. Some things, like mittens and stockings, 
re of wool, others all linen, like the sheets and handker- 
efs. Cotton from the West Indies came into use quite 
ly. It was spun on a large wheel like wool and some- 
les mixed with wool. The small wheels were used for 
£, Checked and striped goods of blue and white were 
nufactured, and when in excess of the wants of the 
isehold were exchanged for calico and silk. When there 
s an extra supply of flax flaxen yarn was sometimes sold, 
I homemade tow cloth, 36 inches wide, found a ready 
rket at 2s. per yard. 
ipinning was encouraged by the following co\cn\\a.\ X^'N , 


passed by the General Court May 14, 1656, and in force for 
over a century: — 

"This Court, taking into serious consideration the present streights and 
necesseties that lye uppon the countrie in respect of cloathing, which is not 
like to be so plentifully supplied from forraigne parts as in times past, and 
not knowing any better way and meanes conduceable to our subsistence than 
the improving of as many hands as may be in spinning woole, cotton, flax, &. 

"It is therefore ordered by this Court and the authoritie thereof, that all 
hands not necessarily imploide on other occasions, as weomen, girles and 
boyes, shall and hereby are enjoyned to spinn according to their skills and 
abilitie; and that the selectmen in every toune doe consider the condition 
and capacitie of every family, and accordingly to assesse them at one or more 
spinners; and because several families are necessarily emploied the greatest 
part of theire time in other busines, yet, if opportunities were attended, some 
time might be spared . at large by some of them for this worke, the said 
selectmen shall therefore assesse such families at half or a quarter of a 
spinner, according to theire capacities. 

"Secondly, that every one thus assessed for a whole spincr doc, after this 
present yeare, 1656, spinn, for thirty weekes every yeare, three pounds pr. 
weeke of linin, cotton or woollen, and so proportionably for half or quarter 
spinners, under the penaltie of twelve pence for every pound short; and Ac 
selectmen shall take speciall care of the execution of this order, which may 
be easily effected, by deviding their several tounes into tenn, six or five to 
take an account of theire division, and to certifie the selectmen if any are 
defective in what they are assessed, who shall improove the aforesaid penal- 
ties imposed upon such as are negligent, for the encouragement of those 
that are diligent in their labour." 

The work of the men on the farms has already been 
spoken of. Each man was adept through long practice 
in felling and hewing timber and splitting it for clapboards, 
shingles, and rails. Most of them were carpenters, coopers, 
cartwrights, and masons, and expert at all kinds of repairs. 
Rope for the harnesses was made at home as well as the 
wooden collars for the horses and yokes for oxen. The 
axles of the carts were of wood. Probably all the tanning 
of hides was done at home till the Partridges built a tan 
yard in the eighteenth century. 

The staple crops were wheat, corn, and peas. Rye and 
oats were not raised very much at first. Barley had to be 
raised for malt, though for this a mixture of wheat and rye 
known as meslin could be employed. Meslin was also used 
as flour. Potatoes were unknown to the pioneers. Hemp 
was found growing wild, being used by the Indians for 
lines and nets. There were few fruits. Even apples were 
not raised to any extent in the seventeenth centurv: the 
first mention of an orchard in the Hatfield records is in 
1694. The common drink was home brewed beer. Pump- 
kin .sauce took the place of apple sauce, the art of pumpkin 


drying having been learned from the Indians. "Pumpkin 
parings'' were perhaps as common social gatherings as the 
"apple parings'' of a later day. Husking bees no doubt 
originated very early. 

The marriage customs of the early settlers are described 
thus by Judd in his "History of Hadley," the marriages 
being performed by magistrates or persons authorized by the 
General Court till about 1700 — even after that ministers 
xsrere not always employed: — 

"Not much is known respecting the nuptial festivities and wedding cus- 
toms in this part of the country, in the 17th and part of the 18th centuries. 
Marriages were occasions of joy and merriment. The groom had some new 
garments, and the bride had as rich a wedding dress as, in her circumstances, 
could be afforded. Mather, in 1719, said it was expected that the newly 
married couple would appear as such, in the public assembly, on the next 
Lord's day. This custom continued more than a century after 1719. It was 
termed 'coming out groom and bride.' It still remains in many places. 

"Kissing the bride was not customary in the interior of New England, 
until some time in the present century, and the practice is far from being 
general now. It was derived from the English, who have been notorious for 
kissing, on various occasions, for centuries. Dancing at weddings was rare 
among the people, in most parts of New England, in the 17th century, but 
became very frequent in the 18th century. The people of Hadley danced 
at weddings in the last century, but the practice has been uncommon in that 
town for forty years past." (Written about the middle of the nineteenth 

The custom prevailed in some places of stealing the bride 
and concealing her for a time. There is no well-authenti- 
cated tradition of this being done in Hatfield, but this is not 
conclusive evidence of its absence. The practice lasted 
nearly up to the Revolution, according to Judd, wrho also 
says further in regard to marriages that they usually — 

"took place on Thursday, but many on Wednesday, and some on other days. 
Very few on Saturday, or Sunday. Marriages were usually solemnized at the 
residence of the bride. The paternal mansion seems to be the most appro- 
priate place. Marriages in meetinghouses have been very rare. 

•'The marriage fee was fixed at 3 shillings in 1692, 4s. in 1716, 1753 and 
1760, and 6s. in 1787. The fee of the town clerk for the publishment and 
certificate was Is. 6d. after 1716. The minister or justice was to pay for 
recording the marriage. 

"In some towns in this vicinity, in former days, when a couple had agreed 
to be united, the father of the young man went to the parents of the young 
woman, and asked leave for his son to marry their daughter. This was 
'asking leave.' It was sometimes done by the young man himself. 

"There were occasionally second day weddings, or wedding festivities, 
kept up the second day, in the last and present centuries, with much eating, 
drinking and dancing. February 2, 1769, Josiah Dwight of Hatfield was 
married, and had a two-days' wedding in Hatfield Addition, now Williams- 
burg^. About 18 couples attended the wedding from Hatfield, and had a 
good dinner, and spent most of the succeeding night in dancing and 
frolicking. The next morning 'we greeted the rising sun with fiddUu^ ;vxvd. 
dancingTf' says one of the party, in his diary." 


The English aversion to marriage with a deceased wife's 
sister was shared by the colonists in New England for a 
long time. Divorce proceedings were very rare. 

Funerals were at first simple, a solemn procession fol- 
lowing the body to the grave accompanied by the tolling 
of the bell. The minister was present, but no prayer was 
offered and no funeral sermon preached. According to 
Mather, about 1719 the custom was inaugurated of having 
the minister make a prayer at the house and a short speech 
at the grave. The continental funeral customs of wakes, 
revelry, and lavish expense for mourning garments obtained 
a foothold in the Bay towns but did not come into general 
practice in the Connecticut valley. 

Drinking to excess was uncommon in the early years 
of Hatfield's history, though the use of strong liquors was 
prevalent throughout the eighteenth century and part of the 
nineteenth. It was not easy for the early settlers to get 
liquor in large quantities. Brandy and Jamaica rum became 
more c6mmon as commerce increased. There were a 
number of family stills in both Hadley and Hatfield, but 
licenses to sell were not granted till 1681, as previously 
noted. There were no public houses for many years. 



" He stirring as the time ; be fire with nt'e ; 
Threaten the threatener." 

Beginning of Queen Anne's war. — Hatfield fortifications. — Account of the 
desolation of Deerfield from the Hatfield town records. — ^Thc fight in the 
Deerfield meadows. — Progress of the war. — Victims of the war. — War 
expenses. — A short interval of peace. — Settlement begun in Whately. — Father 
Rasle's war. 

Queen Anne declared war on France, May 4, 1702, and the 
next year the New England frontiers were again the scenes 
of fighting lasting for ten years. It was learned in the spring 
of 1703 from Mohawk spies that an expedition was fitting 
out in Canada for an attack on Deerfield. That town was 
at once fortified and garrisoned. Augfust 30, 1703, Hatfield 
"voted to fortify several houses on the Hill, Col. Samuel 
Partridge's, Richard Scott's and also John Meekins's, and in 
the town they do agree to fortify the house of Jonathan 
Graves, John White, Mr. Williams, John or Sergt. Waite's, 
Sergt. Belden, Goodman Marsh." 

Colonel Partridge, who was in charge of military affairs 
in the Connecticut valley, wrote to Governor Dudley, Octo- 
ber 27, 1703:— 

"The Town of Deerfield who lye much exposed to ye present enemy, wch 
obstructe them much in their occations, their Lives hanging in doubt every- 
where wn they goe out. Also they are now forced to rebuild their fortifica- 
tions at much disadvantage to them, & it being 320 rods or upwards, will fall 
very heavy to do it all upon their own charge, were verry earnest with me 
wn lately there, to plead with this Corte for some allowance towards the 
doing of it out of their publique Rates now to be collected there; as also, 
that they might be Quitted of Rates to ye publique for ye tyme being of this 
present warr, wh is so destressing upon them. Saml Partridge." 

The garrison was kept at Deerfield during the winter of 
1703-4, on February 29th of which occurred the memorable 
attack under Hertel de Rouville with 200 French and 140 

An account of the assault was placed in the Hatfield town 
records in the book already spoken of as containing the oath 


of allegiance administered by Major Pynchon in 1678. The 
account is indexed as "Massacre." This record of the 
slaughter was written by Dr. Hastings, who was then town 
clerk, and he continued in diary form notes of other attacks 
as they occurred up to the time of his death in 1728. The 
record was then continued by Oliver Partridge. It is here 
given in full for its interest as a contemporary account of a 
half century of conflict, with a few explanatory additions in 
brackets. The italicized headings are not in the original. 
The record is remarkably accurate and full of the casualties 
that occurred in Hampshire County. 

Queen Anne*s War. 

"An Account of the Desolation of Deerfield, the last Day of February, 
1704. — Four hundred of French and Indians (as is thought) assaulted the 
fort, took it, and killed and captured 162 of the inhabitants, and consumed 
most of their estates into flames. 

"Slain in the fort, John Catlin and his son Jonathan, John French, Samson 
Frary, Mercy Rood, Jonathan Kellogg, Philip Metoon and his wife and diild, 
Henry Nyms, Mary Mercy and Mehitable Nims, Alice Hawks, John Hawks, 
Mary and William Brooks, Samuel Smood and wife and two children, Sergt 
Benoni Stebbins, Deacon Sheldon's wife and her daughter Mercy, Samuel 
Hinsdell, Mary and Thomas Carter, Joseph Ingingson, Thomas Selden, Goody 
Smood, Andrew Stevens, David Alexander, Mrs. Williams, Jerusha and 
John, her children, Sarah Field, Martin Smith, Sarah Price. 

"Slain in the fight in Deerfield Meadow: of Deerfield, David Hoyt, Jr., 
and Joseph Catlin ; of Hatfield, Sergt. Benjamin Waite, Samuel Allis, Samuel 
Foot; of Hadley, Sergt. Boltwood, his son Robert, Jonathan Ingram, and 
Nathaniel Warner, Jr. 

"Women and children slain in the journey to Canada, 20 persons, viz., 
Lieut. Hoyt, Jacob Hickson, Goodwife Brooks, Goodwife Belden, Goodwife 
Carter, Goodwife Nyms, Goodwife Frary, Goodwife French, Goodwife 
Warner, Widow Coss, Goodwife Pumry, Elizabeth Hawks, and six more 
children, and Frank, the negro. [The list counts only 19J Died at Canada, 
in 1705, Zebcdec Williams, Goodwife Jones, and Abigail Furbit. 

"May 10, 1704. — John Allen and his wife slain by Indians at Deerfield. 

"May 12, 1704. — Pascommuck Fort taken by the French and Indians, being 
about 72. They took and captured the whole garrison, being about Z7 per- 
sons. The English pursuing of them caused them to knock all the captives 
on the head, save five or six. These they carried to Canada with them. 
The others escaped, and about seven of those knocked on the head recovered, 
the rest died. Capt. John Taylor was killed in the fight, and Samuel Bartlett 

"July 29, 1704. — Thomas Bettys slain by the Indians coming post from 

"July the last, 1704. — One Benton, and William Olmstead, soldiers, slain 
by the Indians, and two of the enemy slain. 

"July, 1706. — Judah Trumball and Widow Gash (perhaps) slain by the 

"July, 1707.— Edward Bancroft slain at Westfield. 

"1704. — Some time in July (19th), Tlionias Russell, at Deerfield, and one, 
Kindness, an Indian, at liattield Mill, slain by the Indians. 

"July 9, 1708. — Samuel Persons, of Northampton, slain by the Indians, and 
his brother Joseph slain or captured ; found killed and scalped. 

"July, 1708. — A fort taken at Skipmuck [Chicopee], where were killed 
Aaron Persons, Wm. Hubbard's son, and three more, and one taken and two 


"Oct. 13, 1708.— Abijah Bartlctt, of Brookfidd, was killed, and John 
Green, Joseph Ginnings, and Benjamin Ginnings wounded, and a boy of John 
Woolcot's captured. 

**Oct 26, 1708. — Brother Ebenezer Field was slain by the enemy in going 
to Deerfield, near the Muddy Brook. 

"August, 1708. — One Barber, of Windsor, was slain a hundred miles up the 
Great River, and Martin Kellogg, Jr., taken and one of the enemy slain and 
another wounded. 

"May, 1709. — ^John Wells, of Deerfield, slain by the enemy near the Lake, 
and John Burt killed or taken or lost at the same time; and in that expedi- 
tion about eight of the enemy slain. 

"April, 1709. — Mehumane Hinsdale taken captive. [He and the next five 
mentioned were Deerfield men.] 

"June 23, 1709. — Joseph Clesson and John Arms taken captive. 

"June 24, 1709. — Joseph Williams slain, and Matthew Clesson and Isaac 
Metune wounded, — said Clesson died four days after of his wound. 

"Aug. 8, 1709. — ^John Clary and Robert Granger slain at Brookfield. 

"July 22, 1710. — ^John Grovenor, Ebenezer Howard, John White, Benjamin 
and Stephen Ginnings, and Joseph Kellogg were slain at Brookfield. 

"Aug. 10, 1711. — Samuel Strong captured and his son slain by the enemy 
at Northampton agoing into their south meadow gate in the morning. 

"Aug. 22, 1711. — Benjamin Wright wounded. 

"July 29, 1712. — Joseph Wright's son, of Springfield, taken captive. 

"July 30, 1712. — Samuel Andross killed upon the scout above Deerfield, 
and Jonathan Barrett and William Sand ford taken captive." 

Father Rash's War. 

"In August, 1723, the enemy killed Thomas Holton and Theophilus Merri- 
man at Northfield. Two days following, they killed Rev. Joseph Willard 
and two sons of Ens. Stevens, of Rutland, and carried captive two other of 
his sons. 

"Oct. 11, 1723. — ^The enemy assailed Northfield, killed Ebenezer Severance, 
and wounded Enoch Hall and Hezekiah Stratton, and Samuel Dickinson was 

"June 18, 1724. — The enemy killed Benjamin Smith, and took Joseph 
Allis and Aaron Wells captives. Allis was killed the next day. 

"June 27, 1724. — ^The enemy killed Ebenezer Sheldon, Thomas Colton, and 
John English, an Indian, above Deerfield. 

"July 10th, Samuel Allen and Timothy Childs wounded at Deerfield. 
August following. Nathaniel [Noah] Edwards slain, and Abram Miller 
wounded at Northampton. The next day Nathaniel Bancroft wounded at 

"The enemy wounded Deacon Samuel Field, of Deerfield, Aug. 25, 1725, 
a ball passing through the right hypochondria, cutting off three plaits of the 
mesenteria, which hung out of the wound in length almost two inches, which 
was cut off even with the body, the bullet passing between the lowest and 
the next rib, cutting, at its going forth, part of the lowest rib ; his hand being 
close to his body when the ball came forth, it entered at the root of the 
ball of the thumb, cutting the bone of the forefinger, passed between the fore 
and the second finger, was cut out, and all of the wounds cured in less Uian 
five weeks by Dr. Thomas Hastings. 

"Sept. 11, 1725. — ^The enemy came upon Fort Dummer scouts and killed 
one John Pease, of Enfield, one Bedortha, of Springfield; took Nathaniel 
Chamberlain [of Hatfield] and one Farragh and one Baker captives, and 
carried them to Canada; one Steel escaped." 

French and Indian War. 

^'July 5, 1745. — The enemy took one Phipps as he was hoeing corn at the 
place called the Great Meadow, above Fort Dummer, carried him about half 
a mile, then killed him and mangled his body in a most inhuman manner. 

"On July 10, 1745, the enemy killed Deacon Fisher at Upper Ashuelot, 
within about sixty rods of the garrison. 


**Oct. 11, 1745. — About fourscore French and Indians assaulted the Fort 
at the Great Meadow, and took captive Nehemiah Stow and killed David 
Rugg coming down the river in a canoe. 

"April 19, 1746. — The Indian enemy captivated Capt. Spafford, Stephen 
Farnsworth, and one Parker. They were taken between the fort at No. 4. 
above the Great Fall and the mill, in that township, and on Monday follow- 
ing Moses Harvey was shot upon by the enemy in the road between Dcer- 
field and Northficld, who fired upon the enemy and escaped. 

"April 23, 1746. — The enemy assaulted the upper Ashuelot, killed one 
Bullard and an aged woman named Keny, and took one Blake captive and 
burned a number of buildings in that place. 

"On the 25th of April, 1746, one Holton, of Northfield, went over to 
Lunenburgh, and on his return was killed by the enemy. 

"May 5, 1746. — At the township called No. 4, one Putnam was slain by 
the Indian enemy, as he, with others, was going from the fort to a bam. 

"May 6, 1746. — Deacon Timothy Brown and one MoflFett, a soldier, were 
captivated at the lower Ashuelot. 

"May 9, 1746. — About fifty of the enemy assaulted Deacon Sheldon's fort 
at Fall Town and wounded John Burk. 

"May 10, 1746. — The enemy fired upon Sergt. John Hawks and one Miles 
near the province fort at Hoosick. and wounded them both. On the same 
day the enemy killed Matthew Clark, of Colerain, and wounded his wife and 

The fight in the Deerfield meadows mentioned in the sec- 
ond paragraph of the above was between the forces of the 
French and Indians and the rehef expedition which set out 
from the towns below for the rescue of Deerfield early in the 
morning after the terrible massacre. The account of the 
part borne by Hatfield men cannot be better told than in 
the words of the Deerfield historian, George Sheldon. This 
quotation is taken from an address delivered by him at the 
field day of the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association at 
Hatfield, Sept. 19, 1889, in commemoration of the massacre 
at Hatfield in 1677. 

"Our forefathers, in the day of their need, found the people of Hatfield 
most generous. Hospitable homes opened the doors wide to shelter them, 
when forced to flee from the wrath of the Indians in Philip's war; and 
again in the devastation of Feb. 29, 1704. To the promptness and bravery 
of Hatfield men on that fateful morning, it was largely due that a remnant 
of our people needed any shelter, save that in the bosom of mother earth. 

"We have no need to analyze the motives of these brave men. As they 
rode with headlong speed up the snowy Pocumtuck path, the lurid light 
reddening the northern sky and reflecting on the white openings in the woods 
through which they sped, told too well the dire disaster befalling their 
neighbors and their kin : and that was all they need to know. 

"Faster and faster the panting steeds were urged, until in the morning 
light their riders saw a horrible scene of desolation and woe. Tall chimneys, 
with fire place and oven standing naked, amid the glowing cellar, where had 
stood the settler's home. Ruins of heavy timbered barns lay smoking about 
the blackened hay mows, which still sent out fitful flashes of flame with every 
eddy of the troubled air. Carcasses of cattle, sheep, and swine scattered 
about upon the trampled and bloody snow, where they were killed in wanton- 
ness or slaughtered for food. And most ghastly sight of all, nude and 
mangled forms of men, women and children, their neighbors, friends and 
kindred, victims of a most hellish act of civilized France, lying where their 


murderers left them on wintry beds of snow, which now had taken on a 
crimson hue. 

"The foray of Ashpelon, in 1677, was an act of savages, the last wave of 
Philip's war. It was a raid merely for plunder, and by the code of Indian 
warfare, conducted with humanity. The assault upon Deer field was not an 
act of international warfare. It was fwt an attempt of the Pocumtucks and 
Norwottucks to recover the homes of their fathers. Probably not one of 
their number was with the invaders. It was not an attempt to conquer terri- 
tory. De Rouville, the commander, never for one moment thought of holding 
the captured town for France. No, it is clearly established that Gov. Vau- 
dreuil sent his trusty officers of the Line, with a horde of blood-thirsty 
barbarians to surprise and sack a Xew England village, and murder its 
sleeping inhabitants, as a cold blooded act of French policy. It was to show 
the northern Indians that the French were their friends, able and willing to 
give them opportunities for gratifying their natural propensity for blood and 
plunder, and thus to secure their alliance. All the sentimental stories about 
this bloody raid being a grand and patriotic attempt of the Indians to 
revenge their wrongs, recover their old hunting grounds and the graves of 
their fathers, are pure fiction, and must vanish into thin air, before the facts 
of history. 

"Your ancestors and mine, seeing and hearing the dreadful sights and 
sounds, on their arrival at Deerfield, did not know — nor did they need to 
know — these facts, to awaken their manhood, inflame their hearts, and nerve 
their arms. At the time of their arrival, the main body of the enemy had 
drawn off with their captives and booty across the river. Scattered bands 
were engaged in wanton destruction of animals and property; and a con- 
siderable body was still besieging the house of Benoni Stebbins. These flew 
like chaff from the threshing floor before the charge of the infuriated men 
from below, towards the main body, which many never reached. Observing 
this charge, De Rouville hastily threw his army into an ambuscade. The 
reckless daring of the pursuers, led, doubtless, by Sergeant Benjamin Waite, 
carried them into the trap, with fatal consequences. Overpowered ten to one, 
our men retreated, fighting inch by inch, to the fort. 

"No plumed and armored knight, coursing with lance in rest, or smiting 
with sword and mace a Paynim horde around the walls of Jerusalem, showed 
nK>re chivalric fire or nobler daring than this brave band in homespun, fight- 
ing their pagfan and Christian foes on Deerfield North Meadow, in the 
attempt to revenge the slain and rescue the miserable captives out of the 
hands of the spoiler. 

"That my theme is not leading me so far as it might seem, from the men 
and events of Sept. 19, 1677, will appear as a few words are said connecting 
in a remarkable manner the actors and victims of each occasion. I wish 
here to state clearly, that what I have said of the Hatfield men applies as 
well to the men of Hadley and Northampton, their comrades in the ride ; and 
to the men of Deerfield who joined them on their arrival. Limit of time 
compels a confinement in the brief personal notes which follow, to those 
Hatfield men. who were of that troop which rode up the dark valley, on the 
morning of Feb. 29, 1704. As I cannot speak of them in order of merit, 
while each was eager to be foremost, they will be named alphabetically. 

"First. Samuel A His. — He knew that his mother and two sisters were in 
the fated town, and the furious gallop was a lagging pace to his anxious 
fears ; and the discovery that she lay dead and mangled among the ruins, and 
that they were captives in the hands of barbarians, may have aroused him 
to that pitch of fury which banished all prudence and carried him headlong 
to his death in the fatal ambuscade. 

"Second. Samuel Belden. — He could not forget how the savages had 
murdered his mother at Hatfield, Sept. 19, 1677; nor could his half brother, 
Richard Billings, who rode by his side, equally eager to be avenged on the 
dcstrovers. But thev could not outride Nathaniel Coleman, son of Dea. John 
Coleman, whose wife was killed Sept. 19. and whose daughter, Sarah Cole- 
man, is the picturesque heroine of to-day's celebration. 

"Third. Ehenezer, Nathaniel and Samuel Dickinson. — Their uncle, Oba.- 
diah Dickinson, was a captive of Sept. 19, the man whom \.W ?»3ln2lVL^%, >nVOcv ^ 


refinement of cruelty, unknown to the Inquisition, compelled to lead his 
friend and companion, old Sergt. Plympton, to the stake, soon after their 
arrival in Canada. These young men could not be laggards in the race. 

"Neither could Samuel Field, remembering that his father had been shot 
by prowling Indians at Hatfield ten years before ; nor Benjamin Field, a 
nephew of the murdered man. But Samuel Field could not know how his 
whole future life was to be shaped by the events of this day. While bravely 
fighting in the meadow by the side of David Ho3rt of Deerfield, one of the 
seven defenders of the Benoni Stebbins's house, the latter fell. Two years 
later Samuel married his widow, settled in Deerfield, and became one of her 
most honored citizens. His sister Mary married Jonathan Hoyt, of Deerfield, 
a brother of David, a young captive of that sad day, and in the course of 
events became my great great grandmother. 

"Samuel Foote. — His mother, Mary Foote, with two children, was taken 
in Ashpelon's raid. His little sister Mary, after enduring the hardships of 
the long miserable march, was murdered in Canada. Was it the recollection 
of these cruel wrongs which urged him to the fore front, where he bravdy 
fell, fighting with his face to the foe? 

"Samuel Gillef. — He was one of the three children of widow Hannah 
Gillet, who had been, on Sept. 19, 1677, five months the wife of Stephen 
Jennings. She with two of her children were carried captive. All were 
brought back by her husband and Benjamin Waite the next spring, with the 
addition of her new born daughter — Captivity Jennings. 

"John Graves. — His father was one of the slain of Sept. 19. John was 
now a man of mature age with a wife and six children. Prudent but brave, 
he was not backward in the contest. As he warmed up in the pursuit across 
the meadows, he threw oflF his belt, coat and waist-coat, which were lost in 
the retreat ; but he was cool enough to pick up a blanket and a hatchet which 
had been dropped by the Indians, whom they had driven in their first onset 
Had this hatchet appeared on this platform, with well established traditions 
how it had been preserved in the Graves of his ancestral line for nine score 
years and five; in spite of my reputation hereabouts as an iconoclast, I could 
not have the heart to send this to keep company with the iittle hatchet' of 
G. W. But as I too 'cannot tell a lie,* only careful concealment would have 
been made of the fact that the hatchet picked up by John Graves was taken 
by the government and sold for one shilling and sixpence. 

"John Marsh. — Two of this name were living in Hatfield at this time, and 
our John cannot be certainly identified. But he was there and probably his 
double. A petition to the General Court gives the name of John Marsh as 
one of the band of fighters on the meadows. By another official list we find 
'John Marsh and Sarah Dickinson, two Hatfield persons,* named as among 
the captives. Finding these two persons thus conjoined by those who Imew 
the facts, I have looked for some romantic sequel to this untoward result 
of John and Sarah's unfortunate visit to Deerfield and consequently to 
Canada. So far the search has been fruitless. 

"Thomas Russell. — His mother and two brothers were killed Sept 19, 
when he was but four years old. The traditions of this event must have 
come to him this morning with a new reality, and nerved his arm for the 
desperate encounter. But he came off safe, only to be killed while on a 
scout near Deerfield the next year. 

"John and Joseph Smith were of the rescuing party, but of the six Johns 
and fire Josephs living at this date in Hatfield, these two cannot be identified, 
and credit must be given to the Smith family in general.^ The probabitities 
are. however, that Joseph was the son of that John Smith who was killed 
by Indians on your meadow May 30, 1676. and the husband of Canada Waite, 
daughter of Benjamin and Martha Waite, born in captivity, January, 1678. 
In this case, Joseph must have witnessed the death of his father-in-law 
while fighting by his side. 

"Beiiiamin IVaite. — Your adopted son. the hero of to-day, the trusted guide 
of Capt. William Turner, on his march to Peskeompskut, May 18, 1676. 
When his fellow guide. Experience Hinsdcll, lost his head and his bearing. 
the next morning, and led one party to destruction in the dark morass, our 


cool headed hero led Capt. Turner's main body through the swarming 
savages, mad for revenge, and brought it safe to Hatfield. 

"John Waite, son of Benjamin, could not be far from the side of his 
father. Little could he anticipate, as he looked upon the desolation of 
Deerfield, that his daughter would marry one of the rescued boys, and that 
hundreds with his blood in their veins, would become prominent in the 
annals of reconstructed Deerfield. 

"Daniel, John and Samuel, sons of Daniel Warner, must have been full of 
anxiety for the safety of the family of their brother Ebenezer, and their 
sister Lydia, with her two weeks old baby. They found in the -place of 
Ebenezer's comfortable home, a glowing chasm ; and his whole family in the 
power of the red-handed foe. Their sister with her baby was safe, and her 
husband joined the brothers in the vain attempt to recover their kindred. 

"Ladies and gentlemen, you and I have a direct and personal interest in 
these men. Their blood flows in the veins of many I see around me, and 
doubtless many a heart-beat has quickened at the mention of their names and 
deeds. For myself I count among them two direct ancestors. Twelve of 
allied blood fought shoulder to shoulder with your ancestors on that fated 
day; two of whom left dead upon the field of honor, rest in the same grave 
which holds the ashes of their unfortunate companions in arms from Hatfield 
and Hadley. What wonder if our blood grows hot as we recall that day of 
horror. The life current of sixteen of my kindred crimsoned the snow upon 
which their mangled bodies had been ruthlessly flung, and twice that number 
were captives in the hands of the marauders; forlorn, despairing, hopeless, 
destined to a march through the deep snows of the unbroken forest to the 
far off Canada. 

"If these personalities seem obtrusive, bear in mind that I represent not 
myself alone. My story is but the duplicate of that which may be told by 
many who hear it. I speak for them also." 

The following additional information about the attack at 
the Hatfield mill in 1704 was written by Rev. Stephen Wil- 
liams of Longmeadow : — 

"About the middle of July (the 10th) 1704, a friend indian was killed at 
Hatfleld Mill. His name was Kindness. The enemy had not opportunity to 
scalp him. On the same week, Thomas Russell, a young man of Hatneld, 
(being then a soldier at Deerfield) was sent out into ye woods with others 
as a scout, but he rambling from his company, was killd by ye indians. 

"Some tracks discovered Deacon Sheldon wth some others went after ym 
& came in sight of ym, and shot at ym, & jry at ye english at a great 
distance, & then yy past along on ye west side of ye Town, & fird yr guns in 
a bravado, & went along up to ye Northward, & killd Thos Russell July 
20. 1704." 

The summer of 1704 was a time of great anxiety in all 
the valley towns. The fortifications in Hatfield were again 
built as they had been in King William's war and those 
living outside were ordered to assist those who felt too 
greatly burdened by the work of completing the part on 
their land. Stairs were built to the turret on the meeting- 
house. The town stock of ammunition was inventoried and 
found to consist of: — 

"one half bbl powder about 50 weight 
one small bbl 40 

one greater 
Lead in bullets 50 weight. Bars 15 in number." 


An appropriation was made to purchase 250 pounds of 
lead, 450 flints, and 6 guns. 

After the capture of Pascommuck Fort, an outlying ham- 
let of Northampton, at the northeast end of Mt. Tom, a 
report came that an army was fitting out in Canada to 
destroy all the settlements on the river. Maj. William 
Whiting was sent from Connecticut with 342 men and addi- 
tional troops were sent to him from time to time. These 
preparations were reported by the Indian spies and the army 
of the enemy, consisting of 700 Indians and 125 French 
soldiers under Captain de Beaucours, turned back, not daring 
to attack, though they came within one day's march of the 
towns. Governor De Vaudreuil reported to the French gov- 
ernment that a panic seized the Indian allies after the deser- 
tion of a French soldier and they could not be prevented 
from retreating. Major Whiting reported to the governor 
of Connecticut that his march north from Pascommuck in 
pursuit of the Indians was "near sixty miles in a most 
hideous, mountainous and swampy country." The report 
further stated that after the return to the headquarters at 
Hatfield, May 16, there were 200 men stationed there and 
at Hadley and Northampton. Colonel Partridge and Major 
Whiting determined that the best defense would be to keep 
strong and alert garrisons in the towns rather than to attack 
in force the enemy in the wilderness. Scouting parties were 
frequently sent, w^ho reported the enemy to be gathered in 
large numbers at Cowass (Barnet), Vt. 

November 18, 1705, Colonel Partridge was allowed by the 
General Court £20 for his ''Extraordinary Trouble and Serv- 
ice in the affairs of the War." 

The negotiations for the redemption of prisoners taken at 
Deerfield and other places occupied a long time and the 
French governor became alarmed for the safety of Canada, 
against which Governor Dudley of Massachusetts was anx- 
ious to organize an expedition. Scouting parties were sent 
out by both the English and French and the wilderness 
between Canada and the English frontier towns became 
familiar to the whites as w^ell as to the Indians in the many 
skirmishes which took place. The English towns were kept 
garrisoned and a sharp watch was maintained to forestall any 
attack. Some of the Deerfield captives were returned to 
their homes in 1705, many more in 1706, others in 1707. 


Some never returned to their homes, preferring the wild and 
free life among the savages. A general truce was observed 
while negotiations for the ransom of the captives was 
going on. 

Hatfield took advantage of the lull in hostilities to build 
a new schoolhouse. In December, 1706, specifications for it 
were acted upon in town meeting and all the inhabitants were 
called upon to perform part of the labor. It was to be "in 
length twenty five feet, in breadth as the old house, the sides 
and ends to be done with hewn log timber, with sills and 
plates and beams, with a roof as is usual, boarded and 
shingled, and a new chimney of brick and stone." The old 
building was torn down and as much of the timber used as 
was found suitable. Thirty-five pounds was at that time paid 
Dr. Hastings for his services as teacher, and each boy who 
attended school had to furnish one load of wood, or, if he 
attended only three months in the winter, half a load. 

A threatened attack in 1707 by a small party of French 
and Indians was averted by news sent to Colonel Partridge 
by Col. Peter Schuyler at Albany on intelligence brought by 
Mohawk spies. If the Indians could not be sure of surprise, 
they were not willing to undertake an attack on a fort or 
garrisoned town. Lurking savages committed murders 
throughout the war whenever they found opportunity. 
Labor in the fields had to be done under a strong guard. 

The year 1708 was another of alarm. Preparations for an 
expedition were begun in Montreal early in the year, but 
nothing was done till summer. August 6 Colonel Schuyler 
sent word that 800 men were marching toward New Eng- 
land. Many of them were French Mohawks. The Indians 
were induced by Colonel Schuyler's messengers to desert 
and many other Indians also deserted. De Rouville, the 
commander of the expedition, kept on with the French troops 
and some savages and attacked Haverhill August 29. It was 
feared that he would appear in the Connecticut valley and 
troops were again secured from Connecticut, but the alarm 
proved groundless. 

During 1708 the French were kept on the defensive by an 
abortive attempt against Canada. General Nicholson, lieu- 
tenant governor of New York, advanced with an army of 
1,500 from Albany. He halted at Lake Champlain to await 
the arrival of an English fleet to cooperate \v\ aw ^iXl^cV ovi 


Quebec. The fleet did not appear and the land expedition 
returned. Reverses suffered by the English in Portugal were 
responsible for the failure of the fleet to sail to America. In 
April of that year a scouting party under Capt. Benjamin 
Wright of Northampton, with volunteers from the valley 
towns, defeated bands of Indians at French river and on 
Lake Champlain. Joseph Waite, son of Benjamin Waite, and 
Joseph Root of Hatfield took part in this expedition. Cap- 
tain Wright was allowed £12 for his services, and each of his 
men £6. He had 15 men with him, including two Indians, 
and they were gone over a month. This is the expedition 
noted by Dr. Hastings under date of May, 1709. Colonel 
Partridge in forwarding an account of the affair to the Gen- 
eral Court to secure a reward for the men said that they 
were very sure they killed four of the enemy at Lake Cham- 
plain and four more at French river. One scalp was brought 

A counter attack was made in June by a party of 180 
under De Rouville. They were repulsed at Deerfield in the 
latter part of the month. Few particulars of this encounter 
have been preserved. The entries made by Dr. Hastings 
under date of June 23 and 24, 1709, refer to it. 

In 1711 another expedition was fitted out against Canada. 
Ten transports and 1,000 men were lost by shipwreck in the 
St. Lawrence in August and the expedition turned back to 
Boston, whence they had set out with 15 war ships and 40 
transports. General Nicholson had an army of 4,000 ready 
at Albany, but they did not strike a blow. Among the 18 
companies furnished by Massachusetts was one from Hamp- 
shire County under command of Capt: Ebenezer Pomeroy of 
Northampton. The pay roll of this company from June 2 to 
October 26 amounted to £367 2s. lOd., but the muster roll has 
not been preserved, so the soldiers' names are not knov^m. 

Through the winter an outpost was maintained thirty or 
forty miles above Deerfield. Connecticut sent troops to aid 
Colonel Partridge in the defense of Hampshire County and 
two companies of men equipped with snowshoes were sent 
from the Bay to be under his orders. In the spring of 1712 
he was allowed seven shillings each for 468 pairs of snow- 
shoes and moccasins which he had furnished the members of 
the Hampshire regiment. No particulars of that winter's 
cfinipnii^^n have been fovrnd. 


The last Indian raid in the war was made in the summer 
of 1712. the following account of it being from a letter 
written by Colonel Partridge to Governor Dudley : — 

"Hatfield Aug 4, 1712 
"May it please yor Excellency 

"On Wednesday the 30 July past in ye forenoone came too me a Messengr 
en forming of a young man taken by a ptie of the Enemy at Springfield in the 
aftemoone a massenger from Derefd that or western scout from thence was 
attaqued by the enemy & sd ther were most of them taken & killed, but upon 
a more full acct there is one man killed & two taken of them, at Night a 
Messenger from or Eastern scouts gave news of the discovery of a ptie of 
8 or 9 seen & they made shot at ym but the enemy soon ran out of reach 
towards Brookfd We immeadiately sent a post to Brookfd to en forme them, 
who immeadiately sent out to all there work folks abroad & in there way see 
6 or 8 Indians — Alarmed the ye said workers & disappointed the Enemy who 
were about Secretly to way lay them, but run for it — ^by all this it plainly 
appears the Enemy are on every hand of us — Laying waite for to accomplish 
their bloody designes — ^the same night a post from Albany came with the 
Enclosed, The lettr doth not speak of it, but the Missingrs say ye Govr of 
Canada Looks for a speedy Peace, but will do as much spoyle as he can 
before it comes. 

**I have Given Notice to Capt How of the Enemy s Appearance here wch 
may soone come over to ym 

"Major Stoddard & myself are Secureing all pts by scouts & guards as 
much as we can to prvent the Sudden Surprizes of the Enemy who doubt- 
less will do all the mischeef they can before they go off with my Humble 
Service prsented to yr Excellency & whole family Rendering my Self 

"yor Obeydient & very Humble Servt 

"Samll Partridge. 

"Yor Excellency's directions is at all tymes advantageous to us." 

Dr. Hastings's entries of July 29 and 30, 1712, give the 
names of the victims. The son of Joseph Wright of Spring- 
field was Benjamin, aged eighteen. He was killed by his 

The Peace of Utrecht, signed March 30, 1713, brought the 
war to a close. The total loss of lives of the inhabitants of 
Hampshire County was 119; 25 had been wounded and 125 
were captured, of whom 112 belonged to Deerfield. Deer- 
field suffered more than any other town, having 60 of its 
inhabitants slain and 9 wounded, and it would have been 
abandoned again but for the determined efforts of Colonel 
Partridge in keeping a garrison there after the massacre of 
1704 to protect the few settlers who were willing to remain. 

The Hatfield men killed were Benjamin Waite, Samuel 
Allis, and Samuel Foote in the fight in the Deerfield mead- 
ows, March 1, 1704; Thomas Russell at Deerfield, July, 
1705; and Ebenezer Field at Bloody Brook, Oct. 26, 1708. 
To these should be added Stephen Jennings, killed at Brook- 
field, July 22, 1710. He was either the Sle\A\^Yv "^^xvxvwv^^ 


who was the companion of Benjamin Waite in his expedition 
to Canada, or his son. The family had moved to Brookfield 
after King Philip's war. 

Two of the captives belonged in Hatfield. An account ot 
the massacre at Deerfield found among the papers of Fitz 
John Winthrop, governor of Connecticut from 1698 to 1707, 
now in the possession of the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety, gives the names of "Jno Marsh and Sarah Dickinson, 2 
Hatf'd persons" in the table of losses. This John Marsh was 
probably one of the sons of Daniel Marsh. He was born 
March 9, 1679, so that he was about twenty-four at the time 
of his captivity. It is not known how long he remained in 
Canada. The onlv Sarah Dickinson who could have been the 
person named was the twelve-year-old daughter of John 
Dickinson. She was married Feb. 15, 1709, to John Leonard 
of Springfield. Nothing about her captivity or ransom has 
been discovered. 

The war expenses fell very heavily on Massachusetts and 
a large debt was incurred. In May, 1713, the amount of the 
unredeemed province bills was £127,000. The tax levied on 
Hampshire County yearly amounted to over £1,000. Hat- 
field's share of the province tax was £136 10s. in 1708 and 
about the same amount in other vears. 

After Queen Anne's war came an interval of peace lasting 
till 1722. During this time occurred, as previously noted, a 
new survey of the common lands divided in 1684, and prob- 
ably many of the fields were then fenced, cleared, and culti- 
vated, for during the next war the difficulty and danger of 
harvesting the crops on the outlying farms is often spoken 
of in reports and letters. Many Hatfield men shared in the 
distribution of commons in Hadley lying south of Mt. Hol- 
yoke. The amount of land divided is not known. Allotment 
was made in 1720 according to the estates given in the 
adjoined table, which is taken from Judd's ''History of Had- 
ley.*' The Hadley citizens had larger proportions, their 
estates being valued at from £20 to over £100. The largest 
landholder from Hadley was Samuel Porter, Esq., who 
received an allotment proportioned to a valuation of £295 

"Col. Samuel Partridge, Esq £48 Os. 

Thomas Nash 6 

Isaac Hubbard 26 

Richard Church 19 10 


John Graves 2 

Ichabod Porter 16 

Jonathan Cowles 4 10 

Joseph Smith 3 

Sergt. Stephen Belding 4 

Deac. Samuel Marsh 15 

Nathaniel Dickinson 2 10 

Samuel Dickinson 3 

Daniel Warner 12 

Ebenezer Billing 6 

Comet Samuel Belding 5 

Ebenezer Warner 4 

Ebenezer Wells 11 

Jonathan Smith 2 

Nathaniel Dickinson, 2d 13 10 

Joseph Kellogg 7 

Jonathan Graves 3 

Thomas Dickinson's heirs in Connecticut 6 10 

i6,063 8s." 

In 1720 all the unassigned land in Hopewell Swamp was 
sequestered for the support of schoqls. Northfield was reoc- 
cupied in 1714, this time permanently, and the same year a 
settlement was made at Sunderland, first called Swampfield, 
chiefly by men from Hatfield and Hadley. A settlement was 
made on the Hoosatonic at Sheffield about the same time. 
The settlement of new towns gave additional security to 
those that had so long been exposed to attacks as frontier 


Shortly after the war a small settlement was begun at 
West Brook. Jeremiah Waite had been granted use of the 
stream to set up a fulling mill in 1709 and he probably settled 
there as soon as peace was assured. He was joined by sev- 
eral others. Sawmill privileges there were granted to 
Joseph Belden, Richard Scott. Nathaniel Dickinson, Joseph 
Clary, and Joseph Scott. Some of these houses were on the 
Straits road in the present town of Whately. Joseph Bel- 
den's house, which was fortified, was the Zabina Bartlett 
place at Bartlett's Corner. North of him houses were soon 
after built by Josiah Scott, Jr., Ebenezer Bardwell, and 
I>erhaps Elijah and Benjamin Scott. South of Belden's were 
Josiah Scott, Sr., David Graves, John Waite, and Elisha 
Smith. There is reference in the Hatfield records to a 
schoolhouse at the Straits as early as 1733, showing that by 
that time there must have been quite a few families there. 
James M. Crafts, who revised and enlarged Temple's "His- 
tory of Whately" in 1899, and whose authority is followed 
in the statements of these early Whately settlers, iKom^VvX. 


that Samuel Wells built on his lot in the Bradstreet farm on 
the river road as early as 1710. The Chestnut Plain road, on 
which the Whately street was located, was not built upon as 
early as this. Whately was incorporated in 1771. The other 
early settlers of the town before and after its incorporation 
are fully noted in the Crafts "History." 

The fourth period of Indian warfare lasted from 1722 to 
1725 and is known as Father Rasle's war. Sebastian Rasle 
was a Jesuit missionary stationed at Norridgewock on the 
Kennebec. He stirred up the Eastern Indians, or Abenakis, 
against the English, acting under orders from Governor 
De Vaudreuil. In June, 1722, the Indians captured a num- 
ber of English in Maine and burned Brunswick. War was 
declared upon them July 25 by Gov. Samuel Shute of Massa- 
chusetts. De Vaudreuil sent 160 Indians from Canada to 
join the hostile savages, ^but no French troops took part in 
the operations in this war. 

Col. Samuel Partridge, then seventy-six years old, was 
again put in command of the forces in Hampshire County, 
having as his lieutenant John Stoddard of Northampton, who 
was commissioned lieutenant colonel and afterwards became 
a very prominent man. Headquarters were again at Hat- 
field. A blockhouse was built above Northfield (just below 
Brattleboro, Vt.), which was soon after called Fort Dummer 
in honor of the newly-appointed acting governor, William 
Dummer, who took charge of the affairs of the province 
Dec. 27, 1722. Work was begun on the fort in December, 

The fighting was mostly in the eastern part of the prov- 
ince, in Maine and New Hampshire, and it was hard to secure 
from the governor appropriations for military preparations in 
the western part, where a general alarm was also felt. Col- 
onel Partridge said in a letter written May 14, 1723: — 

"The river is pretty well secured by the forts and men at Northfield and 
Dccrfield, yet Sunderland, Hatfield and Hadley, Northampton, Westfield, 
Brookfield and Rutland arc too much exposed to invasion from the East and 
West. ♦ ♦ ♦ These towns can't stand the strain upon them to watch and 
ward, scout and fort without pay while their spring work is pressing to be 
done, they can't get a living." 

The Scatacooks took advantage of the war to again make 
attacks on the valley towns and the settlers experienced 
another period of guerrilla warfare. The woods were full 
of lurking foes ever ready to make a sudden onslaught. 


Northfield was attacked August 13, with the results as given 
in Dr. Hastings's account in the earlier part of the chapter. 
Colonel Partridge sent the following report of the attack 
on Hatfield, June 18, 1724, to the governor: — 

"Hatfield June 20 1724 
"Honorable Sr 

"On the 18th Inst at 10 oclock in the forenoon the Enemy made an assault 
in Hatfield on some of our men at a mowing field about 3 miles from Town 
at Nehe Waits swamp lot where he with severall men & carts were loading 
hay. They killed Benj. Smith son of Joseph Smith & have taken Aaron 
Wells & Joseph Allis Captives as we judge because all the rest Escaped home 
& these two are not to be found, They also killed two oxen of one of our 
Temcs & drew of, the men that was there judge there was 8 or 10 of the 
Enemy. We have sent immediately to Deerfd & Northfd & the fort above 
Deerfd immedeately sent out 20 men into the Western Woods & we from 
hence have sent out 17 men, from hence with provisions for ten days prsute 
of the sd Enemy or discovery of any pties of the Enemy. I presume this 
Enemy will take a Westward course clear out of the Reach of all or Upper 
forces So or unguarded Towns are in a evil case & although we have some 
men of or own in Northampton Hadley, Hatfield Sunderland & Westfield yet 
we have none but what have Occasions abroad in the Fields so that our 
towns all the day are so emptred of men that we are very much exposed & 
the Enemy seem to shape their course upon the lower Towns and our men 
abroad at their worke at a moments tyme may be shot down before anything 
can be seen who it is that doth it. 

"In my letr by Capt Dwight of the 13th inst I proposed for some Reliefe 
& gave my Reasons I shall not need to ad expecting every hour yr Honors 
directions in the prmeses. I think we may say the Lord of Mercy upon us 
& doubt not yr care & consideration of our circumstances the seat of war 
seems to be here 

"with my earnest desire & prayr for divine Guidance & support to yr 
Honor & the whole Corte I am yr 

"Afflicted & very Humble Servt 

"Samuel Partridge" 

The experiences of a scouting party sent in pursuit are 
narrated by Dr. Hastings in the following letter : — 

"To the Hon'ble the Gentlemen of the House of Representatives in General 
Court Convened: 

"May it please your Hons, I being desired by Sergt Clesson and Sergt 
Wajrtc to inform what I know of their Expedition in June last to Otter Creek, 
Do Inform on my Certain Knowledge that the Expedition being suddenly 
formed Suitable Nessessaries was wanting for such a Long & hard Journey; 
Saw most of ye men when they went forth, they were Lusty and in good 
Plight — EflFective men; Saw them when they returned & they were much 
emaciated & their feet so Swolen & galled that they could scarce Travel on 
their feet, for some they necessitated to hire horses, some one or more 
applied to me to dress their feet & were under my care a week or more 
in bathing & emplastering before they were anything Tolerably Recruited, in 
Imhc they underwent much, & I believe they were hearty in their desires & 
faithful m their Indeavors to overtake the Enemy & make Reprisals. 

"With Leave humbly says its Pitty Such Persons undergoing such Diffi- 
culties for ye Country's cause should fail of a suitable Reward. 

"Excuse me, I pretend not to prescribe to yr Hon's Wishing the Blessings 
of Heaven on your persons & on your Consultations for the Good of the 
People whom you Represent, I crave Leave to subscribe yoV most humble & 
ob't Scvt, Thomas Hasti^c»s>. 

"Hatfield, May 26, 1725." 


The aid of Connecticut was again sought, with the result 
that money was sent to Colonel Partridge to pay soldiers for 
keeping a constant outlook and for scouting expeditions. 
This was felt to be more advantageous than maintaining a 
large garrison of troops. 

Negotiations with the Mohawks to secure their coopera- 
tion against the Eastern Indians failed of the desired results, 
though a large sum of money was expended by Massachu- 
setts for presents and the services and maintenance of the 
commissioner. Lieut. Col. John Stoddard attended the con- 
ferences, which were held in Albany in 1724. The influence 
of the Dutch traders kept the Indians from taking the war 
path. A few scouts served in the pay of the English at 
various times. 

The casualties of the summer of 1724 and the year 1725 are 
given in Dr. Hastings's narrative. Dr. Hastings was of 
great service to the soldiers in this and the previous war. 
The state archives show many accounts allowed him for 
treatment of wounded men and for medicines and supplies. 
In an account of the wounding of Dea. Samuel Field at 
Greenfield, by Rev. Stephen Williams, the same particulars 
of the severity of the wounds are given as by the physician, 
and he goes on to say, "All the wounds thro' the blessing of 
God upon means were heal'd in less than five weeks by 
Dr. Thomas Hastings whose death since ye war is a great 
frown upon us." 

In the last part of June, 1724, great alarm was caused by 
reports of another expedition from Canada and reinforce- 
ments of white and Indian soldiers from Connecticut were 
sent to Colonel Partridge. The expected attack was not 

The authorities at Boston sent an army of 280 against the 
Eastern Indians in Maine. August 12 they surprised Nor- 
ridgewock and killed 30 or 40 of the savages. Father Rasle 
was also slain and his church was burned. 

The end of the war was brought about by the death of 
Governor De Vaudreuil on Oct. 10, 1725. The Indians had 
become tired of the fighting and were ready to make peace 
when the pressure from the French commander and priests 
was removed. A treaty of peace was signed at Boston, 
Dec. 15, 1725. 

During the war there were two troops of cavalry recruited 


from Hampshire County, that from the northern towns num- 
bering 39, under command of Capt. Henry Dwight of Hat- 
field. The other officers were Westwood Cooke of Hadley, 
cornet, and Nathaniel Coleman of Hatfield, quartermaster. 
The names of the troopers are not known. 



" There were giants in those days." 

The "River Gods." — The last two Indian wars. — Petition for more land 
west of the town. — The "Hatfield Equivalent" in Ashfield. — Installation of 
Rev. Timothy Woodbridge. — Death of Rev. William Williams. — Building of 
the third meetinghouse. — A tan yard and an oil mill built. — Col. Israel 
Williams. — Col. Oliver Partridge. — Col. Ephraim Williams, founder of 
Williams College. 

The middle portion of the eighteenth century brought 
increasing wealth and influence to Hatfield. The later Indian 
wars did not involve for its people a life and death struggle 
for their homes and the fields that furnished them sustenance. 
A chain of protecting forts across the northern frontier ren- 
dered the villages less exposed to attack, and the settlement 
of other towns made the brunt of the conflict fall less on the 
older ones. The stress of the conflict with the French and 
Indians developed a group of leaders of strength and ability, 
who came to be known as the "River Gods/' Conspicuous 
among these powerful men who gained such prestige for 
western Massachusetts were Col. John Stoddard of North- 
ampton, Col. John Worthington of Springfield, Col. Israel 
Williams of Hatfield, and Col. Oliver Partridge of Hatfield. 
The story of the town during this period is in large measure 
the record of the careers of these two last mentioned leaders, 
wdio succeeded Col. Samuel Partridge in military and political 

The details of the last two French and Indian w^ars are so 
well known as matters of general history that they need not 
be fully repeated in these pages. In the first one, known as 
the Old French war, lasting from 1744 to 1748, occurred the 
capture of Louisburg on June 17, 1745. For this expedition 
many men were recruited from the Hampshire tow^ns, but 
few of the names have been preserved. There was again a 
period of scouting and fighting on the Massachusetts fron- 
tiers and the losses suffered in the various towns are noted in 


Dr. Hastings's diary, continued through this period by 
Oliver Partridge. 

The chain of forts across the frontier comprised the greatly 
strengthened and enlarged Fort Dummer, Fort Shirley in 
Heath, Fort Pelham in Rowe, and Fort Massachusetts in 
Adams. There were blockhouses at Northfield, Greenfield, 
Charlemont, Fall-town (Bernardston), and Colrain. 

The second war, called the French and Indian war, in 
which George Washington became prominent, occupied nine 
years, from 1754 to 1763, and was concluded by the conquest 
of Canada by the British after Wolfe's victory over Mont- 
calm on the Plains of Abraham. The Hatfield soldiers who 
are known to have taken part in the expedition are noted 
in Mr. Partridge's reminiscences in Part H. 

From the close of Father Rasle's war in 1725 the colonists 
enjoyed a period of peace for nearly thirty years. It was a 
time of business expansion throughout the region. Facilities 
for transportation were greatly increased by the opening of 
good highways on the so-called Bay Paths to Boston. Very 
high prices were received for the produce of the farms. All 
the beef, pork, and mutton that could be raised were easily 
disposed of, and flax, wool, and yarn were extensively traded 
in. Little grain seems to have been sent away. It served 
still to some extent as a medium of exchange, very fortu- 
nately so, for the currency of the province was greatly depre- 
ciated in value. The records of the change in the minister's 
salary serve as a good index of prices. Mr. Williams's was 
gradually increased from £50 or £60 to £160 in bills of credit 
in 1737. Regulations fixing the prices of grain, which appear 
from time to time on the town records, do not show a great 
advance over earlier values. The market w^as held steady by 
the grain, which was apparently readily received as currency 
in the absence of silver or bills. ^m^^e 

Hatfield men appointed as trustees of the public fflitf/f^ 
helped to float a loan of £50,000 in bills of credit in 1721 
after Queen Anne's war and £60,000 in 1728. Hatfield's 
share of the first was £233 15s.; of the second, £238 10s. 
Money was plenty and an era of great speculation in land 
began. Whole townships in the unsettled hill country both 
east and west were bought by individuals or small groups of 

In 1736 the town of Hatfield voted to petHiow \.Vv^ Cx^w^tA 


Court for a grant of a township six miles square on the west 
of their boundary, or, if they failed in that, to get one mile 
and a half additional. The petition was not granted. At this 
time it was voted to allot among the inhabitants the Wil- 
liamsburg land, "the Hatfield Addition/' but it was not staked 
out for private owners till 1750. The lots were laid out in 
four ranges running north and south, divided by highways 
each ten rods wide, of which two probably remain, at least in 
part, in use, the road through Great Plain and Mountain 
Street in Williamsburg. The old road westward across the 
ranges was over the top of Horse mountain. 

Agreement was made in 1744 to divide the 8,064 acres 
secured for the town in Ashfield as the "Hatfield Equiv- 
alent" for land taken by the town of Deerfield. It was not 
divided, however, till after the last war, in 1765. Two vears 
later a carriage way was cut through the woods to get to it. 
By the time this land was divided the town had increased 
in population so that there were 159 polls on the lists. Divi- 
sion was made according to polls and estate in both these 
divisions, and polls were reckoned as equal to £20 of estate. 
The population in 1765 was 803, including those residing in 
Whately and Williamsburg. (See Appendix, Note 8.) 

Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, a graduate of Yale College and 
a tutor in that institution, was installed as colleague of Mr. 
Williams, Nov. 14, 1739. The long pastorate of Rev. William 
Williams was ended by his death, Aug. 29, 1741. His funeral 
sermon was delivered by Rev. Jonathan Edwards, who paid 
high tribute to his character and services. Mr. Woodbridge 
continued his pastoral labors until his death in 1770. The 
tablet that marks his grave in the old burying ground bears 
this inscription : "In memory of the Rev'd Timothy Wood- 
bridge for 30 years Pastor of the Church of Christ in the 
Town of Hatfield. This Man of God who called on the Lord 
out of a pure heart followed after Righteousness, Godliness, 
Faith, Love, Patience, Meekness, Apt to teach, charitable 
and gentle unto all men, departed this life on the 3 day of 
June A. Domi : 1770 in ye 58 year of his age." 

During Mr. Woodbridge's pastorate a new meetinghouse 
was built, 56 feet long and 45 feet broad, at a cost of over 
£4,000 in old tenor province bills. The structure was built 
in the summer of 1750. The second house of worship was 
for/2 clown and some of the timbers were used for the new 


one. This third meetinghouse is still standing, in use as a 
barn on F. H. Bardweirs place, whose father, Elijah Bard- 
well, bought it when the present church was built in 1849. 
Some of its red oak beams, still sound, were undoubtedly 
used in building the meetinghouse of 1699. This building 
had a belfry and a tower with Gothic points. The beams 
were cased and "decently coloured" and ornamental step 
stones were provided. It stood in the street where the others 
had. In the belfry was hung a bell weighing about 900 
pounds. This was cracked in a Fourth of July celebration 
in 1876 and recast into a larger one. The large, square pews 
of the meetinghouse, with their high backs, are remembered 
by several of the inhabitants of the town. There were pews 
in the galleries on either side over the stairs for the unmar- 
ried people, the old maids' pew on the south and the bach- 
elors' on the north. They were built in the first place by 
groups of young people so that they might sit together, but 
as the original occupants became ineligible their places were 
assigned to others by the seating committee, and the pews 
were reserved for spinsters and bachelors till well into the 
nineteenth century, though there came to be much opposition 
on the part of some of the young ladies at the unpleasant 
prominence. The first seats in the gallery were reserved for 
singers, and back of them sat the children, the boys on the 
north and half of the east side, the girls on the south and the 
other half of the east side. Two seats in the gallery were 
reserved for the colored men and women. 

There is little else of importance to record of the events 
in the life of the town during this period. Schools were 
maintained as they had been previously. The schoolmaster's 
salary was raised to about £50 per year. A new schoolhouse 
was built in 1730. 

The Partridges built their tan yard at some time during 
this period and also established a store which brought them' 
trade from a large region. 

John Fitch built in 1737 a mill for making linseed oil, the 
first in Massachusetts. The first in New England had been 
built in 1718 in New Haven. Fitch had a patent from the 
province on his mill for fifteen years. It was on Running 
Gutter brook, about a half mile above A. L. Strong's saw- 
mill. The Hubbards had a sawmill at this spot till the middle 
of the nineteenth century. 


The movement known as the "Great Awakening'* in the 
eighteenth century, which caused considerable controversy 
in parts of Massachusetts and Connecticut, seems to have 
had little effect in Hatfield. George Whitefield preached in 
Hadley, but was not invited to Hatfield, where Rev. William 
Williams, though seventy-five years old, still ruled with a 
firm hand and was opposed to such revivals. His son, Col. 
Israel Williams, was also active in opposition to Whitefield. 
It is reported that Whitefield's stentorian tones were heard 
across the river. Some of Mr. Williams's parishioners took 
the opportunity to hear him in Hadley and Northampton. 

To note now some of the remarkable men who appeared on 
the stage during the portion of the eighteenth century under 
consideration, attention is first drawn to Col. Israel Wil- 
liams. He was born in 1709, the youngest son of Rev. 
William Williams. After graduating from Harvard in 1729. 
he returned to Hatfield and became at once prominent in its 
affairs. He was elected to the board of selectmen in 1732 
and continued to serve on it yearly till 1763. He was a 
representative to the General Court from 1733 to 1737, 1748 
to 1760, again in 1768 and 1771-1772. He was influential in 
county affairs, serving as clerk of the courts in Northampton 
during most of his life and as judge of the Probate Court 
from 1764 to 1779. 

As the wealthiest man in the community he built a mag- 
nificent residence on which he lavished money unstintedly. 
It was a large gambrel-roofed house standing on the site of 
the present town hall, and remained till 1852, when it was 
torn down to make way for the town hall. The front rooms 
had high wainscoting, paneled and carved by hand, and rich 
paper was on the walls ; that of the parlor was a deep crimson 
velvet. Immense fireplaces were found in every room, and 
elaborate hand-carved mantels and beautifully-designed cor- 
ner cupboards abounded. The front door stone was con- 
sidered a marvel of the stonecutter's art, with its beaded 
and molded edge. This stone is preserved and now in use 
at the Congregational i)arsonage. 

Israel Williams was the possessor of one of the two riding 
chairs owned in Hampshire County in colonial times, th^ 
other being owned by Moses Porter of Hadley. These rid - 
ing chairs had a sort of chaise body but no top. Chaises ar^^i 
cnrriaiTcs did not appear till after the Revolution. 



Israel Williams became a captain of militia in 1734, He 
as appointed one of the commissioners to treat with the 
ew York Indians at Fort Dummer in 1737. This confer- 
ice amounted to little except the securing of a few vague 
omises of friendship from the savages, evidently not sin- 

A Coen: 

-re and soon broken. When war broke out in 1744, Capt- 
''liams was commissioned major and was second in com- 
■rxd to Col. John Stoddard, who was in charge of the 
^ nse of the western frontier. He was a.u a.Vi\e 3.^^\^\.a^\'^ 


to his chief, and when Stoddard died in 1748 he became 
commander in chief of the western forces after Lieutenant 
Colonel Porter of Hadley resigned the post, for which he was 

When the last French and Indian war was threatening, 
Gov. William Shirley of Massachusetts sent orders to all 
the towns to lay in a supply of ammunition and to make 
preparations for defense. In August, 1754, he appointed 
Colonel Williams to be the commander of all the forces to 
be raised for the defense of Hampshire County and of the 
chain of forts. The experience he had gained in the pre- 
vious war and his thorough knowledge of the country led 
him to submit to Governor Shirley a plan of defense which 
was accepted with only slight modifications. Forts Shirley 
and Pelham, which had been of little use in the previous 
war, were abandoned. Dummer and Massachusetts were 
strengthened and supplied with cannon. The blockhouses 
between were well garrison^ed, a few new ones were erected, 
and swivels were placed in some of them. There were gar- 
risons at Bernardston, Colrain, Charlemont, Pontoosuck 
(Pittsfield), Williamstown, Sheffield, Stockbridge, and 
Blandford. As a commander, Colonel Williams showed fore- 
sight and sagacity and the men under him worked loyally 
together. He kept closely in touch with all the operations 
of the enemy, forestalling expected attacks by sending out 
scouting parties. The valley towns were unmolested. 

Colonel Williams at the height of his civil and military 
power was known as "ye monarch of Hampshire." He was 
autocratic and domineering in manner, the most august and 
imperious of all of the "Lords of the Valley." His opinion 
had great weight with the governor and council and his 
word was law at home. 

Another trusted and able commander was Col. Oliver 
Partridge. He was born in Hatfield in 1712. His father, 
Edward Partridge, was the son of Col. Samuel Partridge. 
Oliver graduated from Yale College in 1730, where he gave 
much attention to the study of surveying. He was appointed 
in 1734 joint clerk of the Court of Common Pleas of Hamp- 
shire County with Israel Williams and the same year was 
married to Anna Williams, daughter of Rev. William Wil- 
h'ams of Weston and granddaughter of Rev. Solomon Stod- 
dard of Northampton and of Rev. William Williams of 


Hatfield. His alliance with such influential families, in 
addition to the renown of his grandfather, Col. Samuel 
Partridge, who took especial interest in him, gave him as a 
very young man a commanding position. He was high 
sheriff of Hampshire County from 1741-1743. His knowl- 
edge of surveying caused his appointment to survey the 
boundaries of many of the grants that were then being made 
to individuals and towns in the western hill country that 
became Berkshire County. He surveyed the township of 
Hadley and established its bounds in 1740. 

The deeds in Berkshire towns show that at about that time 
he was owner of large tracts of land in that county in Lee, 
Great Barrington, Sheffield, and Pittsfield, which he bought 
as agent for others and for himself. He and Israel Williams 
and others had grants from the General Court of Massa- 
chusetts in the southern part of New Hampshire, known as 
the **Ashuelot Grants.*' When the territory was added to New 
Hampshire in 1740, after a dispute between the colonies, the 
grantees were allowed to choose land elsewhere, which they 
did in the present town of Dalton, then knowm as the "Ash- 
uelot Equivalent." He aided in the building of the forts in 
Berkshire County in the French and Indian war of 1744- 
1748 and in the rebuilding of Fort Massachusetts, which was 
burned in 1746. He drew a lot in the township of Williams- 
town, when that was distributed in 1752, which he owned till 
1768, thus being one of the 46 original proprietors of that 
town, though never a resident. 

One of the most important public services of Oliver Par- 
tridge was as member from the province of Massachusetts to 
a convention of delegates from the northern provinces called 
by the British government to meet at Albany in 1754 to 
formulate plans for defense against a common enemy. The 
assembly was empowered to treat with the Indians about war 
or peace, trade regulations and the purchase of lands, to 
raise and pay soldiers, build forts and ships, and to lay 
imports, duties, and taxes. A plan for union and confedera- 
tion was presented at this assembly by Benjamin Franklin of 
Pennsylvania, which was discussed along with the negotia- 
tions with the chiefs of the Six Nations, with whom many 
conferences had been held before. The historian Bancroft 
says of this assembly : — 

"America had never seen an assembly so remarkaVAe lot ^i^cv^ %\.'aX.^^ 


represented, or for the great men that composed it. They were detained in 
this hospitable old Dutch town for more than three weeks. * * * Frank- 
lin's plan was not approved by a single one of the colonial assemblies before 
which it was brought. * * * No action was ever taken on it in England 
Yet there is no contribution to constructive statesmanship preceding the year 
1776 which had a profounder effect on the subsequent growth and devdop- 
ment of the idea of American nationality." 

Franklin's plan was, however, favorably received by the 
delegates and adopted and signed by them July 4, 1754. 
Franklin had printed in his paper at Philadelphia a wood cut, 
in which was the representation of a snake cut into pieces 
with the sections lettered to represent the scattered colonies 
and the inscription '*Unite or Die." The design, which 
showed graphically the weakness of the colonies, was after- 
ward used as ^ flag. 

Oliver Partridge had been a delegate to conventions at 
Albany to treat with the Six Nations or with New York in 
regard to boundaries in 1746, 1747, 1751, and 1753. Imme- 
diately after his return to Massachusetts in 1754 he was com- 
missioned colonel and sent back to Berkshire County by 
Col. Israel Williams with "orders to strengthen the fron- 
tiers, but not to build forts anywhere. If the inhabitants can 
supply themselves with provisions Col. Partridge will supply 
the soldiers and the necessities.'* In 1757 he succeeded 
Colonel Williams in command of the western forces. In the 
last years of the French and Indian wars Colonel Partridge 
was a recruiting officer for the County of Hampshire under 
royal authority, stationed at Fort Massachusetts. 

In 1762 he, with Governor Shirley and Elisha Jones of 
Weston, purchased at auction township No. 2, which included 
the present town of Peru and a part of Hinsdale and Middle- 
field. It was first called Partridgeville and was incorporated 
in 1771. He sold many of his lots there between 1767 and 
1775, but some were sold by his heirs as late as 1792. His 
holdings of real estate in Berkshire County were in twelve 
separate towns as divided to-day, and his influence in building 
up that part of the state was as important a contribution as 
his military service. 

In his native town he was highly honored and offices of 
trust were freely bestowed upon him as they had been upon 
his grandfather. He held the office of town clerk from 1731 
to 1784, was elected selectman in 1733 and re-elected almost 
every year till 1774, again in 1780 and 1781, and served as 


representative in the General Court from 1741 to 1747, in 
1761, and 1765-1767. 

Another noted commander of the western troops in the 
French and Indian wars was Col. Ephraim Williams, a 
nephew of Rev. William Williams and Rev. John Williams 
of Deerfield, with whom he made his home when not engaged 
in active fighting. He was born in Newton in 1715. A rov- 
ing disposition led him to take up the life of a sailor, and as 
a young man he made several voyages to Europe, visiting 
England, Spain, and Holland. He abandoned the sea at the 
outbreak of hostilities between England and France in 1744 
and enlisted in the army in New England for service against 
Canada. He was stationed at Fort Massachusetts in com- 
mand of a company and for gallant action he was soon raised 
to the rank of major. After the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle in 
1748 he returned to the Connecticut valley to live, dividing 
his time between Hatfield and Deerfield. Hatfield had strong 
attractions for him, for he was seeking the hand of his fair 
cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. William Williams. Tra- 
dition says that he was rejected in their last interview 
because of his excessive use of liquor. She remained single 
all her life. Her bequest in his will was £20 and his cream 
pot and silver teaspoons. 

When fighting was resumed in 1753, Ephraim Williams, 
then commissioned colonel, was sent with a regiment raised 
chiefly in Hampshire to assist Sir William Johnson in the 
expedition against Crown Point. He fell at Lake George in 
the engagement called "the bloody morning scout," Sept. 8, 
1755. His force was ambushed by a large party of French 
and Indians and was practically cut to pieces. In this regi- 
ment were several other noted men of the name of Wil- 
liams, — Rev. Stephen of Longmeadow, the chaplain; Dr. 
Thomas of Deerfield, the surgeon; Capt. William of Deer- 
field, and another William, son of Rev. Solomon Williams of 
Lebanon, Conn., and grandson of the Hatfield pastor. This 
William Williams was then adjutant general and in later 
years was one of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. A letter of Dr. Thomas Williams to his wife, 
from which some extracts are here given, furnishes particu- 
lars of the engagement. The letter is printed in full in the 
"Williams's Family Genealogy." 


"Lake George, Sept 11, 1755. 

"My dear Spouse — Last Monday, the 8th instant, was the most awful day 
that my eyes ever beheld, and may I not say that ever was seen in New 
England, considering the transactions of it. Having intelligence of an army 
of French and Indians that were discovered by our Indian scouts, part of 
our army were sent to intercept their retreat, as it was supposed they were 
designed for Fort Lyman [now Fort Edward], at the south end of the 
carrying-place; about one thousand whites under the command of my dear 
brother Ephraim, who led the van, and Lieut. Col. Whiting, who brought up 
the rear, and about one hundred and fifty Mohawks, under the command of 
King Hendrick, their principal speaker, were attacked by the French army, 
consisting of twelve hundred regulars, and about nine hundred Canadians and 
savages, about three miles from our encampment, and the main of our 
detachment it is said, put to a precipitate flight, but the certainty is not yet 
known ; be sure those brave men who stood fighting for our dear country 
perished in the field of battle. The attack began about half an hour after 
ten in the morning, and continued till about four in the afternoon before the 
enemy began to retreat. The enemy was about an hour and a half driving 
our people before them, before they reached the camp, when to give them 
due credit, they fought like brave fellows on both sides for near four hours, 
disputing every inch of ground, in the whole of which time there seemed to 
be nothing but thunder and lightning, and perpetual pillars of smoke. Our 
cannon (which, under God, it appears to me) saved us, were heard down as 
low as Saratoga, notwithstanding the wind was in the north, and something 
considerable, and which, by the way, was a great disadvantage to our troops, 
as the smoke was drove in our faces. The wounded were brought in ver)' 
fast, and it was with the utmost difliculty that their wounds could be dressed 
fast enough, even in the most superficial manner, having in about three hours 
forty men brought to be dressed. Dr. Pynchon, his mate, and William [son 
of Col. Williams, of Pittsfield], with myself, were all to do it; my mate 
being at Fort Lyman, attending to divers sick men there. The bullets flew 
like hail stones about our ears all the time of dressing, as we had not a 
place of safety prepared to dress the wounded in, but through God's goodness 
we received no hurt, any more than the bark of the trees and chips flying in 
our faces by accidental shots, which were something frequent. 

"Our tent was shot through in divers places, which we thought best to 
leave and retire a few rods behind a shelter of a log house, which was so 
loose laid as to let the balls through very often. I have not time to give the 
list of the dead, which are many, by reason I have not time to attend the 
wounded as they ought to be. My necessary food and sleep are almost 
strangers to me since the fatal day ; fatal indeed to my dear brother Ephraim. 
who was killed in the beginning of the action, by a ball through his head. 
Great numbers of brave men, and some the flower of our army died with him 
on the spot ; * * * The remainder of the French army were attacked by 
two hundred and fifty of the New Hampshire troops, after they left us, and 
put to a precipitate flight; as they were not apprized of these troops, Acy 
left their baggage and most of their provisions and some guns, and many 
dead bodies on the spot where the attack began in the morning, and when 
our troops came upon them, and they were sitting down to rest after their 
fatigue with us. The French General says he lost six hundred of his men, 
and the Aid-de-camp says more, and that they have lost one thousand. It is 
certain they were smartly paid, for they left their garments and weapons of 
war for miles together, like the Assyrians in their flight. If we had had 
five or six hundred fresh troops to have pursued, it is thought very few 
would have gone back to Crown Point to tell what had become of their 

"It is now eleven of the clock, and I have had scarcely any sleep since the 
action, must therefore wish you goodnight. I subscribe myself, your affec- 
tionate Husband. Thos. Williams.** 

It is said that this was the first battle fought with regular 
troops in America, and the ftrsl time that bayonets were used 


in this country. They were employed by the French sol- 
diers. The English loss in both engagements was 216 killed 
and 96 wounded, a total of 312, besides a few missing, accord- 
ing to the return made by Dr. Perez Marsh, surgeon's mate 
in Colonel Williams's regiment. This regiment suffered the 
most, 46 being killed, 20 wounded, and several missing. The 
zolonel's brother, Josiah, who was an ensign in his company, 
was severely wounded, so that he died of the effects of his 
wound eventually. Several officers of distinction were lost, 
ilso. A number of Hatfield men were members of this regi- 
ment, but their names are not known. 

Before going to the front, Colonel Williams made his will 
It Albany July 22, 1755, appointing as executors his cousin. 
Col. Israel Williams of Hatfield, and Col. John Worthington 
3f Springfield. This will, which is filed in the probate office 
in the courthouse in Northampton and begins, "I, Ephraim 
Williams of Hatfield," laid the foundation of Williams Col- 
ege. Some of its provisions were as follows: — 

"It is my will and pleasure that all of the residue of my real estate not 
otherwise disposed of be sold by my Executors, or the survivor of them 
Mrithin five years after an established peace, (which a good God soon grant) 
iccording to their discretion, and that the same be put out at interest, on 
jood security and that the interest money yearly arising therefrom, and the 
nterest arising from my just debts due to me, and not otherwise disposed of, 
>e improved by said Executors, and such as they shall appoint Trustees for 
:he charity aforesaid after them, for the support and maintenance of a free 
school in the township west of Fort Massachusetts (commonly called the west 
ownship) forever, provided said township fall within the jurisdiction of the 
Province of the Massachusetts bay, and continue under that jurisdiction — and 
>rovided also the Governor of said Province, with the Assembly of said 
Province, shall, (when a suitable number of inhabitants are settled there) 
ncorporate the same into a town by the name of Williamstown, and if the 
nterest of such monies be more than sufficient for such a purpose, that which 
'emains be improved as aforesaid for the support of a like school in the East 
ownship therein, in which said fort now stands; but in case the aforesaid 
Provisos are not complied with, viz.: if said west township fall not within 
Mud Massachusetts Province, or do not continue under that jurisdiction, or it 
ihall be incorporated by any other name than that above mentioned, then my 
irill is that such interest of said monies be applied to some other public 
leneficial and charitable purpose, by my Executors as above directed, respect- 
ng other parts of my estate, according to their discretion and good judg- 
nent Ephraim Williams." 

In 1785 trustees of the school were appointed, in 1791 it 
»vas opened, and in 1793 it was incorporated as a college. 

Before Williams College was actually begun, the people of 
:he Connecticut valley were laying plans for an educational 
nstitution in their midst. It was to be called Queen's Col- 
ege and was to be located in Hatfield, Hadley, or North- 


ampton. One tradition affirms that the people of Hatfield 
went so far as to erect a building which they called Queen's 
College, but this is unlikely. A petition was sent to the 
General Court for a charter Jan. 20, 1762, and a bill was 
passed to be engrossed, but it was finally defeated. February 
26, 1762, a charter was made out by Gov. Francis Barnard, 
but never signed, incorporating Israel Williams and eleven 
others into "a body politic by the name of the President and 
Fellows of Queen's College." For some reason the plans 
were pushed no further, probably because of the disastrous 
loss by fire at Harvard College and the political agitation that 
was arising over the oppressions of the British government. 
The hope of a college in the valley was not realized till the 
establishment of Amherst in 1821. 




Give me liberty or give me death." 

Acts of Parliament directed against the American colonies. — ^The Whigs 
and Tories. — Attitude of Hatfield at the beginning of the struggle. — ^The 
spirit changed by the preaching of Dr. Joseph Lyman. — Overthrow of the 
Tories. — ^Town meetings of the year 1774. — Mobs prevent the holding of the 
courts. — ^A mob in Hatfield. — Preparations for resistance to the king's author- 
ity. — Petition to the militia officers to retain their offices. — ^Taxes ordered paid 
to the provincial treasurer. — Delegates to the Provincial Congress. — Companies 
of minutemen organized. — ^The Tories compelled to declare in favor of the 
colonies.— Colonel Williams meets trouble. — He and his son arrested and 
imprisoned. — News from Concord and Lexington. — ^The Hatfield soldiers.— 
Incorporation of Whately and Williamsburg. — Hatfield votes for independ- 
ence—Supplies furnished during the war. — ^The Hubbard tavern and others. — 
The faculty tax. — Liberation of the slaves. — Lieut. David Billings. — Hard 
times following the Revolution. — Conventions held at Hatfield. — ^Thc Ely 
insurrection. — Shays's rebellion. 

No sooner was the war with the French over than the de- 
cayed struggle between England and her American colonies 
t>egfan again. The origin of the difficulties with the mother 
Country has already been pointed out in an earlier chapter. 
Blncroachments on their rights by George III. and his 
Ministers met with determined resistance. The British 
g'overnment was aiming not only at lessening the political 
liberties of America, but also at trade restrictions for its 
Own benefit to the detriment of the prospering West India 
trade of the colonies. The New England ports especially 
felt the damage arising from the growing restrictions upon 
Commerce with the French colonies and Boston became 
the center of discontent. The Sugar Act of 1764, the 
Stamp Act of 1765, and other acts of Parliament were 
denounced in fiery language as destructive of chartered 
rights. The comment of John Fiske on the result of the 
struggle should be noted in this connection: — 

"It was not so much that the American people gained an increase in 
freedom by their separation from England, as that they kept the freedom 
they had always enjoyed, the freedom which was the inalienable birthright 
of Englishmen, but which George III. had foolishly sought to \m^2AT. 


"The American Revolution was tlierefore in no sense destructive. It "ns 
the most conservative revolution known to history, thoroughly English id 
conception from beginning to end. It had no likeness whatever to the ter- 
rible popular convulsion which soon after took place in France. The mis- 
chievous doctrines of Rousseau found few readers and fewer admirers amoag 
the Americans." 

The couTitry at first was by no means united in oppo- 
sition to the royal authority. Parties sprang up. called 
as they were in England. Whigs and Tories. In the be- 
ginning of the contest the whole western part of Massa- 
chusetts was dominated by the Tories. The economic 
reasons for revolt did not appeal as strongly to the interior 
agricultural centers as they did to the seaport towns. The 
large landed proprietors, naturally conservative, saw only 
danger ahead from the inflammatory and seditious talk. 
Most of the influential citizens had held royal commissions 
from the crown and their military oath bound them to 
loyal defense of the crown, for which they had fought in 
many campaigns against the French and Indians. The 
clergy were also for the most part on the .side of the king 
and Parliament. It is not to be supposed that the Toi' * 
did not feel wronged by the action of the British goV< 
ment, but they differed from the Whigs in the method 
employ to secure redress. 

Col. Israel Williams and Col. Oliver Partridge wcrt 
leaders of the Tories in Hatfield, the former beinp 
representative to the General Court and a judye of the CI 
courts, and the latter town clerk and treasurer, and 
the other was always moderator in town meeting, 
were followed by all the militia officers and the maj 
of the heavy taxpayers. Their attitude is well expni 
by the reply sent in 176S to the town of Boston in ri 
to a letter asking for Hatfield's position in rcg;ard 
convention to be called to consider the rapidly approai 
crisis, and especially the sending of British troops, 
was felt at Boston to be a threat of stern measures 
repression. The answer, which was long and full, was 
framed by Colonel Williams and was unanimously adopted 
by the town. It stated that the people of Hatfield doubted 
the damage threatened by the coming of the troops (they 
might be needed for defense of the colonies); that they 
considered the language gf the last General Court unneccs- 
sarily harsh toward the king-, and iVvat the proposed action 


vould do harm rather than good. Especially noteworthy 
re the following; quotations: — 

"We are sensible that the colonies labor under many difficulties and we 
reatly fear what the consequences of the dispute with our mother country 
*ill prove. However, we are far from thinking the measures you are 
ursuing have any tendency to deliver the good people of this province, bul 
n the contrary to immerse them In greater. 

"If by any sudden excursions or insurrections of some inconsiderate people 
he king has been induced to think the troops a necessary check upon you, 
fe hope you will by your loyalty and quiet behavior soon convi 
lajesty and the world they are no longer necessary for that purpose. 

"Suffer us to observe that in our opinion the measures the town oi 
toston are pursuing and proposing unto us and Ihe people of this province 
a unite in, are unconstitutional, illegal, and wholly unjusti liable, and what 
rill give the enemies of our Constitution the greatest joy, subversive of 
ovemment and destructive of the peace and good order which is the cement 

"Thus we have freely expressed our senlimcnis. having an equal right 
fith others, though a lesser part of the community, and lake this first 
■pportunity to protest against the proposed Convention, and hereby declare 
•ur loyalty to Ihe king, and fidelity lo our country, and thai it is our firm 
esolution to the utmost of our power to maintain and defend our rights in 
very prudent and reasonable way, as far as is consistent with our duty to 
k>d and the king." 

D». J. 

Before many years a change came over the attitude of 
he inhabitants, a change due principally to the presence 
nd actions of one man. Rev. Timothy Woodbridge died 
n 1770 and Rev. Joseph Lyman of Lebanon, Coun., ^m^^ 


called and settled as the head of the church in 1772. He 
was a young man of resolute will and indomitable courage, 
filled with zeal for the liberties of the colonies. In spite of 
the protests of his parents he plunged into the contest in 
which Otis and Adams were laboring. His mother wrote 
him to "walk softly," and not stir up the spirit of rebellion 
and to "lay aside all political disputes," fearing that he 
would be in danger on account of his rashness. But the 
entreaties fell on deaf ears. He is reported to have said 
of Colonel Williams, "There is a man here now he cannot 

In the pulpit he preached the doctrine of resistance 
to the tyranny of the king and his ministers with burning 
words and in town meeting he raised his voice in favor of 
the cause of liberty. Within two years he wrought a 
revolution in the sympathy of people of the town. The 
Whigs became the majority party. 

The "Boston tea party" in December, 1773, and the 
high-handed actions of General Gage in Boston brought 
the crisis rapidly on. The Hatfield Whigs elected John 
Dickinson representative to the General Court in 1773 and 
the power of Colonel Williams was at an end. Mr. Lyman 
tried to have him dismissed from the church, but was unabfe 
to do so, though a council was called for the purpose in 
1778. Many of the other ministers of the vicinity were still 
strongly Tory in sympathy. 

Oliver Partridge continued in office as town clerk, but he 
did not attend the town meetings after the March meeting 
of 1774. He entered upon the books, "The following are 
the proceedings of the town at several meetings as returned 
to me by their moderators." 

A meeting was held in the schoolhouse July 8, at which 
Elijah Morton was chosen moderator. A committee was 
appointed to confer with Mr. Lyman to appoint a day of 
fasting and prayer. The General Court had ordered that 
the 21st of July should be so set apart. The fast was held, 
but the Tories took no notice of it. At this meeting there 
was a discussion of "what might be proper for the town to 
do with regard to entering into a covenant to withdraw all 
commercial intercourse with Great Britain by a disuse of 
their manufactures till such time as the general interests 


of the colonies are settled or our charter rights restored." 
The committee appointed to confer about the matter with 
representatives from other towns was John Dickinson, 
Perez Graves, Elijah Morton, Elihu White, and John Hast- 
ings. It was voted to pay £1 7s. 5d. for the expenses of 
a Provincial Congress and the town treasurer was author- 
ized to pay the sum to Hon. Thomas Gushing of Boston. 
It was further voted that the absent town clerk be directed 
to record the transactions of the meeting on the town 

August 25 another meeting of the patriots was held and 
delegates were appointed to a convention at Hadley the 
next day, — ^John Dickinson, Perez Graves, and Elijah Mor- 
ton. The chief subject for deliberation at this convention, 
the first held in Hampshire County, was the stopping of the 
proceedings of the courts. The convention was divided, 
some favoring attempts to stop the sessions by force if the 
officers tried to carry them on. 

The Court of General Sessions was convened at Spring- 
field, August 30. It was interrupted by a mob of about a 
thousand people and the judges were called upon to explain 
their actions. Colonel Worthington and Colonel Williams 
were asked to renounce their allegiance to Governor Gage. 
They tried to placate the mob, which was in an ugly humor, 
and succeeded in dispersing it without any acts of violence, 
but they were unable to proceed with the session. 

Colonel Williams was considered the Tory ring-leader 
and many of the Whigs, especially those from Berkshire 
County, were very bitter against him. Law and order men 
from both parties tried to prevent any outrages. 

September 5 was a day of excitement in Hatfield. Mes- 
sengers were sent out before daybreak to neighboring 
towns with the news that "all the western world was 
comming down to mob Col. Williams and others." A 
hundred men from Deerfield responded to the call, one 
hundred and ten from Hadley, and seventy from Amherst. 
A mob of fifty men appeared in the afternoon. They were 
not allowed to go till a "Covenant to be signed by the 
people to prevent mobbing'* was agreed upon, of which a 
copy was to be sent to each town. Colonel Williams does 
not appear to have been called upon by the mob, but Colonel 


Partridge came out and vindicated himself of some charges 
that were presented. 

September 21 Hatfield appointed as delegates to a con- 
vention called to meet at Northampton John Dickinson, 
Elihu White, and John Hastings "to deliberate upon some 
measures proper to be taken by this county at this very 
critical day." It was "voted that the selectmen be directed 
forthwith to procure a sufficient stock of powder and lead 
for the use of the town." The first committee of corre- 
spondence was then appointed, — John Dickinson, Elijah 
Morton, Remembrance Bardwell, Phineas Frary, John 
Allis, David Waite, Perez Graves, Elihu White, and John 

The convention at Northampton, September 22 and 23, af- 
firmed allegiance to King George, but protested against the 
oppressions of Governor Gage. A Provincial Congress was 
called for to meet at Concord, anarchy and rioting were 
condemned, and holding of town meetings legal in every 
way was urged. The inhabitants of the towns were ad- 
vised to "acquaint themselves with the military art*' and 
procure arms. 

On account of the action of this and other county con- 
ventions held about the same time Governor Gage forbade 
the session of the General Court called to meet at Salem, 
October 5. The representatives met, however, and resolved 
themselves into a Provincial Congress. They then ad- 
journed to meet at Concord, October 11. The news of the 
action of the delegates was received by post from Salem and 
at a town meeting held October 6 John Dickinson was 
chosen a delegate to the Concord Congress. 

The military organizations were disrupted by the strife 
between the opposing parties. Many of the officers in the 
Hampshire regiment, commanded by Col. Israel Williams, 
refused to continue in the service and training was neg- 
lected. A paper presented to Memorial Hall in Deerfield 
by Samuel D. Partridge shows the attitude of some of the 
Hatfield militia in regard to the situation. 

"We the subscribers being Apprehensive that Military Exercises arc 
Specially Requisite at this clay 

"And also Captn Allis. Lieut Partridge and Ensign Dickinson have Pub- 
lickly Declared they will not Act or Exercise any Authority as Military 
Officers under the late acts of Parliament or in the Support of the same 


yet we are desirous that they would at such Times as they think Proper Call 
us Together and Exercise us by themselves or such others as they shall judge 
likely to Teach and Instruct us in the Military Art. 

"And we hereby Promise to Attend at such time and place as they Shall 
Direct and Submit ourselves to their Orders in Leading and Exercising of 
us as Witness our hand this fourth Day of Octr 1774 

"Harry Dwight Jesse Billings 

Israel Wms. Jnr. David Trobridge 

Thomas Meekins A. J. White 

John Allis Samuel Belding 

Joseph Dickinson Josiah (Abels?) 

Abel Allis Silas Billings 

Gaius Crafts Joshua L. Woodbridge 

Elez. Warner Tillotson Miller 

Benjamin Blanchard William Partridge 

Simon Church 
John Partridge 
John Seemer 
Samll Partridge 
Samuel Dickinson 
Ebenezer Dwight 
Elihu Trobridge 
Josiah Allis 
Jona Wells 
Elisha Smith" 

The Provincial Congress took up the matter of military 
organization and granted authority to the militia officers 
who retained their commissions to reorganize the com- 
panies and divide the regiments. At a meeting held in 
Northampton, November 10, the first Hampshire regiment 
was organized and Seth Pomeroy of Northampton was chosen 
colonel and Ezra May of Goshen major. A paper was 
signed "renouncing and disdaining any authority they might 
have by virtue of any commission from Thomas Hutchin- 
son, Esq., late Governor." It was soon afterward directed 
by the Provincial Congress that a fourth of the organized 
militia should be drilled as "minute-men/* ready to march 
at a moment's notice. 

Only one more town meeting was held in that eventful 
year of 1774. At a meeting on the 5th of December the 
most revolutionary act was taken, transferring the pay- 
ment of the taxes to the new authority of the Provincial 
Congress. The point of taxation without representation 
had been pushed too far. The minutes are as follows : — 

"In this meeting the question was put whether the Town would give 
directions to their constables, collectors or other persons who have any part 
of the province tax of the town in their hands or possessions that they 
immediately pay the same to Henry Gardiner, Esq. of Stowe who is appointed 
Receiver General by the provincial congress & also expressly engages to such 
constables, collectors or other persons as shall have towtv motvWs m >Ja^\x 


hands that they paying the same to Henry Gardiner Esq. & producing his 
receipt therefor shall ever operate as an effectual discharge to such persons 
for the same. And it passed in the Affirmative." 

The Provincial Congress appointed Dec. 15, 1774, to 
be observed as a day of thanksgiving and on that day Dr. 
Lyman preached a vigorous, patriotic sermon on the issues 
of the day, which the town ordered printed with a vote of 
thanks to the author. A copy is in Deerfield Memorial 
Hall. It was printed by Edes and Gill in Boston in 
Queen Street in 1775. In it he fearlessly arraigned the 
acts of the British ministry and the obnoxious governor of 
the province. 

January 9, 1775, John Dickinson and Perez Graves were 
chosen representatives from Hatfield to the Provincial 
Congress to meet at Cambridge, only one to attend at a 
time. A committee was appointed to receive donations 
for ''the poor in Boston suffering in the common cause." 
A Committee of Inspection, "agreeable to the Continental 
and Provincial Congress," was appointed, consisting of 
John Dickinson, Elijah Morton, Elihu White, John Hast- 
ings, Jonathan Allis, Phineas Frary, Benjamin Wells, Silas 
Graves, and Seth Murray. This committee was later 
merged with the Committee of Correspondence and after 
1776 a Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, and Safety 
was regularly elected each year at the time the other 
officers were chosen. At this January meeting it was — 

"Voted that the company called the minute men in Hatfield be allowed one 
shilling each for three half days that they have already spent in Learning 
the military Art and the like sum for three half days more and after that 
nine pence for each half day in a week till the first of May next and Aat 
their captain and lieutenant have one shilling and six pence for each half 
day, one Sergeant, one Drummer and one Fifer have one shilling each half 
day during the time the soldiers have nine pence per day. 

"Voted that the sum of forty pounds be raised in the next town rate to be 
employed for the use of the minute men and others as the selectmen judge 

Reference to the list of selectmen in the Appendix will 
show that there liad not been a great change among the 
holders of oflfice during the eventful years preceding 
the outbreak of the war. The change was rather in the 
attitude of the office holders and citizens generally. Col. 
Oliver Partridge, at first very pronounced in his Tory 
views, was won over to the cause of the majority and con- 
tinued to hold the office of town clerk and treasurer. He 


was also elected to the board of selectmen nearly every 
year. A few of the more wealthy citizens continued to 
hold out till visited by the Committee of Safety. In 1775 
Col. Israel Williams, Mr. William Williams, Esq., Capt. 
Elisha Allis, Lieut. David Billings, Lieut. Samuel Par- 
tridge, Ens. Elijah Dickinson, and Reuben Belden, with 
others whom the Committee of Safety might consider un- 
friendly to the cause of liberty, but not mentioned by name, 
were asked to sign the following declaration: — 

"We do hereby freely and Voluntarily make the following declaration, 
viz. that we do wholly and entirely renounce Gen. Gage as a Governor of this 
province & will pay no regard to his proclamations or any other of his, acts 
or doings, but on the other hand he ought to be considered and guarded 
against as an Unnatural and inveterate enemy to the country by every person 
that is a true friend to his Country and Also we do hereby engage that we 
will join our Countrymen upon all Occasions in defense of the rights and 
Liberties of America. Especially we will use our influence in order to pre- 
vent the late Acts of Parliament with regard to this province being put into 
execution and will bear our full proportion of men & money for the purposes 
aforesaid as occasion may call for the same." 

Whatever may have been their private opinions the men 
called upon yielded to the will of the majority. The situa- 
tion was tense and critical, but law and order prevailed. 
Even Colonel Williams, so bitterly hated by many of the 
Whigs, was not subjected to indignities by his fellow-towns- 
men. He suffered, however, at the hands of some who 
were not so considerate and who were anxious to humble 
him. He was known to be in correspondence with Gov- 
ernor Gage and was suspected of secretly enlisting men for 
the royal army. 

On the 2d of February a mob of 150 gathered from all 
the country round as far as Pittsfield appeared at Colonel 
Williams's house and took him and his son Israel to 
Hadley, where they set over them an armed guard of 
seventeen men through the night. The top of the chimney 
was blocked and the two prisoners were given a smoking 
out. The attempt to **smoke old Williams to a Whig" 
was unsuccessful, but in the morning both the men signed 
an obligation not to do anything to oppose Congress, or 
to correspond with Gage, promising also to oppose acts of 
Parliament that were against the interests of the colonies. 
Colonel Stoddard of Northampton was also captured that 
day and made to sign the same articles. 

Colonel Williams, who had before this, to placate "^ 


threatening mob in Berkshire County, signed an agreement 
which he felt under no obligations to keep, since it was 
extorted by, force in an illegal manner, violated his pledge 
and continued his correspondence with Gage. Expecting 
that the revolting colonists would be overcome speedily he 
ordered large stocks of British goods to be sent as soon 
as the non-importation acts became null and void. This 
order to a London firm, with letters to Tories who had fled 
to England, fell into the hands of the Whigs. The packet 
was thrown away by a messenger, who feared detection. 
Word of the discovery was sent to the Hatfield Committee 
of Safety in December, 1776. Colonel Williams and his 
son Israel were put under bonds of £500 to live up to their 
pledges and about the first of April they were arrested 
and taken to Boston for trial before the governor and 
Council. Testimony against them was easy to secure and 
the packet of letters was very damaging. This verdict was 
pronounced April 14: — 

"It appeared to this court that in violation of National Law, and solemn 
written engagements, entered into by said Israel Williams and son, to the 
People in Feb. 1775, they did in Dec. 1776, in order to obtain Large Quantities 
of Goods upon credit from our enemies, write to Joseph Green and Harry 
Laughton, Persons who did belong to this State, but who have now joined 
our enemies, and who were at the time of writing said Letters supposed to be 
there in England, and said Israel Williams, the father, did on the same Day 
and Place, write to Thomas Hutchinson, Esq., respecting the same matter, 
and did therein represent to said Hutchinson, his certain Hope & Expecta- 
tion, that our Enemies would very soon entirely defeat & fully subdue the 

"It also appeared that the General Conduct of said Israel Williams and 
son, ever since April, 1775, has been unfriendly to the American cause of 
Liberty, and no one Instance of Friendship in their Conduct since that time 
was produced, and it also appeared that the said Israel Williams, the father, 
by letters to said Hutchinson in 1770-71, fully expressed his approbation of 
that British System of Despotism, which has since plunged us into this 
unnatural war, in which we are now struggling for the Defence and 
Preservation of the Common Rights and Liberties of Man. 

'Therefore, Resolved that the Sheriff of Hampshire County be directed 
to Commit the said Israel Williams and Son to the common goal in North- 
ampton, and keep them in close custody until further orders of this Court." 

They were kept in close confinement in the jail at 
Northampton until December, when the Council at Boston, 
after acting on a petition from the colonel's son William, 
ordered their release under bonds of £3,000 each with the 
stipulation that the father was not to leave his home lot 
except to go to meeting on Sunday and that the son was 
not to leave town. Thev were not allowed to exercise 


the rights of citizenship. During the time of their confine- 
ment in jail the colonel's daughter Lucretia visited them 
in prison every day, taking food and dainties that she had 
prepared. She made the daily trip alone on horseback, 
having to face the jeers of the unsympathetic Whigs along 
the way. 

Colonel Williams w^as killed in 1789 at the age of eighty 
by falling downstairs. Israel, Jr., remained a bachelor 
and lived on his father's estate till his death in 1823. He 
never held public office on account of his actions during the 
war. His brother William became a prominent citizen of 
Dalton. In 1780 the town of Hatfield petitioned the Gen- 
eral Court that Colonel Williams and Israel, Jr., be again 
allowed the rights of citizenship provided they took the 
oath of allegiance, which they were then ready to do, and 
they were restored to their civil rights. 

The excitement over the Williamses was only one 
episode of the stirring scenes that were being enacted. 
The minute-men were drilling through the winter and 
spring of 1775 in preparation for the inevitable conflict. 
News of the fighting at Concord and Lexington was re- 
ceived in Hatfield, April 20, about noon. Those who had 
not heard the cry of the galloping courier, **Gage has fired 
upon the people; minute-men to the rescue/' were warned 
by the ringing of the bell that something unusual had 
happened and they quickly gathered at the meetinghouse. 
The unknown bearer of the tidings stopped not for ex- 
planations. "The crash of resounding arms" had come 
and as fast as steeds could be urged other messengers like 
Paul Revere were bearing the news to every scattered 

"A hurry of hoofs in a village street, 
A shape in the moonlight, a bulk in the dark, 
And beneath, from the pebbles, in passing, a spark 
Struck out by a steed flying fearless and fleet : 
That was all ! And yet, through the gloom and the light. 
The fate of a nation was riding that night ; 
And the spark struck out by that steed, in his flight, 
Kindled the land into flame with its heat." 

Before the afternoon was half spent Capt. Israel Chapin 
and his minute-men were on the march to Boston. Parson 
Lyman with fervent prayers bade them God-s.^ee^, \n\v\^ 



mothers and wives and sweethearts and sisters tearfully 
watched their departure to the strains of the fife and drum. 
Arriving at Boston they were assigned to the regiment 
commanded by Colonel Fellows of Great Barrington and 
took part in the siege of Boston and the battle of Bunker 
Hill. The archives of the state of Massachusetts show that 
the following Hatfield men were entitled to draw an overcoat 
in the fall, having served at least six months after April, 

Moses Allis 
Timothy Alvord 
Thomas Banks 
James Barker 
Sergt. Abraham Billings 
Ebenezer Burris 
Capt. Israel Chapin 
Justin Cole 
Richard Cook 
Andrew Crawford 
John Curtis 
Jonathan Dickinson 
Zenas Field 
Hermon Finney 


Phineas Frary (drum'r) 
Lucius Graves 
Elihu Hastings 
Jotham Hitchcock 
John Hixson (drummer) 
John Lewis 
David Morton 
Joseph Morton 
Elihu Murray 
Elijah Murray 
Capt. Seth Murray 
Corp. James Peck 
Asa Perkins 
Robert Perkins 

Elijah Smith 
Joel Smith 

Sergt. Nath'l Sylvester 
Asa Thayer 
Elihu Trowbridge 
Joseph Waite 
Jacob Walker 
William Watson 
Sergt. Robert Weir 
Benjamin Wells 
Moses Whitney 
Ebenezer Wood 
Asahel Wood 
Joshua L. Woodbridgc 

The day after the departure of Captain Chapin's com- 
pany another under Capt. Perez Graves, including many 
Whately citizens, started for the front. They marched 
as far as Ware, v^here word was received that the British 
had retreated and that their services were no longer 
needed. They then returned, with the Whately company 
under Capt. Henry Stiles, reaching home the 23d. April 
29 a third company of 49 under Capt. Seth Murray, re- 
cruited from the towns near Hatfield, set out. In addition 
to the names given on the coat roll the following Hatfield 
men enlisted the first year of the war, probably most of 
them taking part in the battle of Bunker Hill: — 

In Captain Chapin*s company : — 
Joseph Brown 
James Cutter 
Lemuel Dickinson 
Nathaniel Dickinson 
Esca Fair 
Noah Field 
Ebenezer Fitch 
Eleazer Frary (fifcr) 
John Holley 
Sergt. Nathaniel SartweW 

Sylvanus Sartwell 
Joel Scott 
Elijah Smith 
Corp. Samuel Wells 
Abel Waite 
Jacob Waite 

In Captain Murray's company 
Caleb Austin 
?tT?^s Peck 



In Captain Graves's company : — 
John Ballard 
Samuel Bodman 
William Bodman 
Gains Crafts 
Daniel Dickinson 
Joseph Graves 
Silas Graves 
William Howard 
John Meekins 
Levi Meekins 

Elihu Morton 

William Norwood 

Josiah Otis 

Thomas Potter 

Amasa Skinner 

Elisha Smith 

John Smith 

Seth Tubbs 

Nehemiah Waite (drummer) 

Moses Warner 

William Whitemore 

The Hatfield soldier who saw the most service was 
Joseph Guild, whose grave is in the cemetery at Bradstreet. 
He took part in the battles of Saratoga and Stillwater, 
was overcome by the heat at Monmouth, passed the terri- 
ble winter at Valley Forge in General Washington's army, 
served under General Greene in his southern campaign, 
and saw Lord Cornwallis give up his sword at Yorktown. 
He used to delight in telling the story of how he shook 
hands with General Washington when the army was dis- 
banded at New York. 

The list given below contains the names of all the Hat- 
field soldiers, so far as known, who served in the Revolution- 
ary war, with the rank and date of first enlistment. Many 
served in other campaigns after the expiration of their 
first term of service. There may be some Whately names 
among the others, though a careful comparison of the 
Whately lists has also been made and the list on the bronze 
tablet in the Dickinson Memorial Hall revised somewhat. 
Some of the Whately men are credited in the state archives 
as belonging to Hatfield because they went out with the 
Hatfield companies and also because the towns had been 
separated only a few years and the place of residence was 
not in all cases known with certainty. Whately was incor- 
porated April 24, 1771, and at the same time Williamsburg 
was set off from Hatfield as a district and was incorporated 
in 1776. The population of Hatfield was thereby reduced 
more than half, probably nearly two thirds. According to 
an enumeration of the people taken by the provincial 
authorities in 1765, Hatfield then had 803 inhabitants. In 
1776 it had 582, Williamsburg had 534, and Whately had 
410. From a population of less than 600 Hatfield fur- 
nished 127 patriots who bore arms during l\\e ^eNoX^xixoTv, 



or about one to each family, including the numerous Tory 

Gains Crafts bought land in Whately, but never resided 
there. The Fields, Noah and Zenas, were probably living 
in Hatfield at the time of their enlistment. There may 
have been some with the same names in Whately. The 
Frarys, Eleazer and Phineas, belonged in Hatfield, living 
in a house that was burned, which stood opposite the house 
of Cornelius Murphy at West Brook. Joseph Scott lived 
in the Straits south of the Whately line. Joel Scott was 
his son. Jacob Walker was buried in Hatfield. These 
men and a few others are all claimed by Whately, but it 
is very doubtful if they enlisted from there, and, as shown, 
some were never numbered among its citizens. The Ben- 
jamin and Elijah Smith on the list were sons of Lieut. 
Samuel of Hatfield. There were also men from Whately 
bearing the same surnames. 


Col. Israel Chapin. 
Lieut. Col. John Dickinson. 
Capt. Elihu Hastings. 
Capt. Perez Graves. 
Capt. Seth Murray. 

Allen, John, 
Allis, Aaron, 
Allis, Moses, 
Alvord, Timothy, 
Atsetts, John. 
Atsetts, Joseph, 
Austin, Caleb, 
Ballard, John, 
Banks, Thomas, 
Barker, James, 
Bass, Abraham, 
Bates, Peter, 
Beman, Phineas, 
Benjamin, Roger, 
Billings, Abraham, 
Bodman, Samuel, 
Bodman, William, 
Brown, Joseph, 
Burgess, Edward, 
Burris, Ebcnezcr, 
Chapman. George. 
Chamberlin, William, 
Cole, Justin, 
Coleman, Niles, 
Cook, Richard, 
CoYcU, John, 
Crafts, Gains, 





Capt. Joshua L. Woodbridgc 

Lieut. Samuel Smith. 

Lieut. Elijah Coleman. 

Lieut. Daniel White. 

Date of 

Company of 

First Enlistment 

Captain Fellows, 


Captain Watson, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Chapin, 


6 month s^ 

. 1788. 

6 months, 1788. 

Captain Murray, 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Milton, 


Captain Banister, 


Captain Banister, 


Captain Murray, 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Parker, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Watson, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Watson, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Chapin, 


Cxvvkl^m Graves, 




m, Asa, 
9rd, Andrew, 

, James, 
son, Daniel, 
son, Francis, 
son, Jonathan, 
son, Lemuel, 
son, Nathaniel, 
I, John, 
'. Herman, 


, Zebulon, 

5, Lucius, 
5, Silas, 

•ock. Jotham, 
n, John, 
', John, 
rd, William, . 
Iton. Jonathan, 

ns. John, 
ns. Levi. 
i, Ezekiel, 
, Isaac, 
n, Benjamin, 
n, David, 
n, Ebenezer, 
n, Elihu, 
n, Joseph, 
n, Solomon, 
.y, Elihu. 
y, Elijah, 
n, Josiah. 
X)d, William, 
t, Stephen, 
IS, Asa, 
is, Robert, 
5, Elijah, 
-, Silas, 
\ Thomas, 
rs, Ephraim, 
)n. Wilson, 
s, Ebenezer, 
ell, Nathaniel, 
ell, Sylvahus, 





Date of 

Company of First Enlistment. 

, Captain Greenleaf, 


, Captain Graves, 


, Captain Murray, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Graves, 


, Artiller>', 


Captain Chapin, 

. 1775. 

Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 



, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 

. 1775. 

. 1781. 

, Captain Parker, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Graves, 


, Captain Watson, 


Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Murray, 


, Captain Chapin, 


Captain Graves, 


, Captain Greenleaf, 


, Captain Woodbridge, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Graves, 


, Captain Graves, 


, Captain Qiapin, 


, Captain Chapin, 


, Captain Woodbridge, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Parker. 


Captain Graves. 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Graves, 


6 months. 1780. 

, Captain Graves, 



Captain Graves, 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Murray. 


Captain Graves, 


Captain Murray, 


Captain Murray, 



Captain Parker, 


Captain Graves, 




Captain Edes, 


Captain Parker, 


Captain Chapin, 


Captain Chapin. 


Cantain Chapin, 


Captain Woodbridge, 




Date of 


Company of First Enlistment 

Skinner, Amasa, 





Smith, Andrew (deserted), Private, 




Smith, Benjamin, 





Smith, Elijah, 





Smith, Joel, 





Smith, John, 





Sylvester, Nathaniel, 





Taylor, John, 



Thayer, Asa, 





Trowbridge, Elihu, 





Tubs, Seth, 





Waite, Abel, 





Waite, Jacob, 





Waite, Joseph, 





Waite, Nehemiah, 





Walker, Jacob, 





Ward, Josiah, 





Warner, Moses, 





Watson, William, 





Weir, Robert, 





Wells, Benjamin, 





Wells, David, 



Wells, Samuel, 





White, Levi, 





Whitemore, William, 





Whitney, Moses, 





Wood, Asahel, 





Wood, Ebenezer, 





Wright, Jeremiah, 





Young, William, 



During the summer of 1776 the inhabitants were follow- 
ing with eagerness the progress of the war and the deliber- 
ations of the Continental Congress. June 24 this vote was 
passed : — 

"Voted by the Town to Instruct & direct their represent- 
ative at the present General Assembly to use his endeavors 
that the delegates of this Colony at the Congress be 
advised that in case the Congress should think it necessary 
for the Safety of the American United Colonies to declare 
them Independent of Great Britain the Inhabitants of the 
town of Hatfield with their Lives and Fortunes will Sol- 
emnly engage to support them in the Measure." 

The town was liberal in its contributions for the support 
of the war. In July, 1776, £85, 10s. was appropriated to 
be paid to **fifteen effective men who may appear in behalf 
of the Town of Hatfield to go to join the northern army." 
This was to fill a quota called for from Hampshire County 
for a march against Canada. The w\eu received a bounty 


of £7 from the state. After the Declaration of Independ- 
ence was signed every twenty-fifth man was ordered to 
enlist to reinforce the northern army. In that year Hat- 
field furnished eleven blankets of the three hundred pro- 
portioned in the county. In 1779 the town voted £500 for 
shirts and shoes and stockings for the men in the Con- 
tinental army. A bounty of £100 was allowed to fill up 
the town's quota. 

The first vote for officers under the new state constitution 
was held Sept. 4, 1780, and resulted as follows: for gover- 
nor, John Hancock, 28; James Bowdoin, 2; for lieutenant 
governor, James Bowdoin, 26; James Warren, 2; for senator, 
Joseph Hawley, 24; Caleb Strong, 20; John Hastings, 19; 
John Bliss, 21; Samuel Mather, 11; Moses Bliss, 2; Eleazer 
Porter, 1; Timothy Danielson, 1. 

Hatfield supplied large quantities of beef for feeding 
the troops during the war and because of its reputation as 
a leading town in the cattle industry Washington stationed 
one of his commissary officers. Gen. Epaphroditus Cham- 
pion, in the town during a large part of the seven years' 
struggle. A party of French officers belonging to the staff 
of Count Rochambeau was quartered at the Hubbard tavern 
one winter. They left epigrams and mottoes scratched 
with a diamond on the panes of some of the windows, 
which remained for nearly a century. The glass was all 
broken and thrown away when repairs were made on the 

The Hubbard tavern was a famous hostelry in those days, 
established about 1760. Lucy Hubbard continued to enter- 
tain travelers after the death of her husband, Elisha Hub- 
bard, in 1768. She was highly successful, so much so that 
the town laid upon her a faculty tax. The faculty tax, 
something in the nature of an income tax, was imposed 
for many years during the colonial period, and some had 
a very high valuation assessed upon their business abil- 
ity, — in 1772, William Williams, £60; Joseph Smith, 50; 
Israel Williams, Jr., 35; Lieut. Samuel Partridge, 35; 
Lucy Hubbard, 30; Reuben Belden, 30; Jesse Billings, 26; 
Seth Murray, 25; Isaac Graves, 25. 

There were several other taverns in Hatfield besides the 
Hubbard tavern in the stage coach days. C^ipt. Si^\}cv '^>\'^- 



ray was an iniiholder in the old house on the S. F, Billings 
place. Ebenezer White kept tavern for many years in the 
old house now a part of tlie tobacco warehouse of C. L. 
Warner and his father had been a tavernkeeper before him. 
Landlord AUis was the proprietor of a popular house 
standing north of the W. H. Dickinson place. There is 
a story to the effect that one day a cousin of the landlord 
came in pretty full of New England rum and hearing oi 
a rather pleasant room being given to a negro was so dis- 
gusted at this practical evidence of equality that he led 
his horse upstairs to see the room. The horse easily 

climbed the stairs, but could not get down, and it reqatrti 
the services of many men to drag him to the ground- 
Landlord Allis was the first one in town to use carpets 
on the floors. 

Slavery was abolished in Massachusetts in 1781. but 
even before that many had liberated their slaves. It was 
maintained in the colonies by the crown and so. although 
the institution was held in abhorrence by many of the north- 
ern colonists, it could not be abolished till the success of 
the Revolution was assured. As already alluded to several 
Hatfield men possessed negro slaves. Lieut. David Billings 
liberated his before the close oi ihe war, reiving them a small 



farm on Grass Hill, On one of his frequent visits to see 
how they were prospering he was invited to take dinner 
and accepted. The head of the hiniible household. Hustered 
by the presence of so great a dignitary, but wishing to pre- 
side in the manner in which his former master was wont, 
bowed his head to say grace and fervently repeated, "Oh, 
Lawdy, Gawdy, blin' lead de blin' dey hofe fall in de ditch. 

Lieutenant Billings was highly respected by his fellow 
townsmen, even though he was visited by the Committee of 
Safety at the beginning of the war. He remained neutral 

during its progress. Soon after peace was declared he 
began to take a very active ptace in town politics and held 
the office of selectman from 177.^ almost every year until 
1800. He was a man of firm character and lofty aspirations. 
a stanch adherent of the church. The portraits of him 
and his wife here shown are from oil paint inj^s in the 
possession of Mrs. E. B. Dickinson. Their tombstones 
in the old burying ground bear the followinf^ in.scriptions: — 

"This monument is ercctcil in memnrv of Ll. David Rillitigs, who e\\AcA 
a useful aiid exemplary life on itio 27th of August A. T), WSi , aRs4 1% -jiiM^. 


The esteem and confidence of his fellow citizens was manifested in his 
repeated election to offices of honor and trust, but his death has closed the 
scene and vailed those virtues which were produced by that Holy Religion 
which he professed and practiced." 

"Here lies the remains of Mrs Mabell Billings, relict of Lieut David 
Billings. She eminently possessed the gentler virtues of her sex in the 
exercise of which she endeared herself to her friends. The principals and 
precepts of Jesus governed her conduct and relying solely on the efficacy of 
the atonement which our Lord and Savior has made for sinners she fell 
asleep October 4, A. D. 1815, aged 71 years." 

The Revolutionary war brought on the hardest times 
the colonists had ever known. The bills of credit issued by 
the Continental Congress became almost worthless and the 
state of Massachusetts refused to issue paper money in 
spite of popular clamor. By the Legal Tender Act, passed 
in 1782, live stock was made legal tender in payment of pri- 
vate debts. Taxes were higher than they had ever been 
before. Relations between debtors and creditors were the 
cause of costly suits and lawyers were bitterly hated. For 
the relief of debtors the Confession Act had been passed 
by the Massachusetts General Court whereby justices of 
the peace were authorized to take acknowledgment of debts 
and if they were not paid within a year to issue executions. 
Such was the universal discontent that a meeting was held 
at Hatfield on the first Tuesday in April, 1782, at which 
for several days various grievances were discussed and a 
committee was appointed to suggest changes to the General 
Court. It was the sense of the meeting that there should 
be no County Court of General Sessions and that the con- 
stables in towns should receive authority to serve writs, 
the same as deputy sheriffs. On a motion "to request the 
Inferior Court to forbear giving judgment in civil causes, 
except the condition make it appear that he is in danger of 
losing his debt, or when the parties are agreed," the dele- 
gates from the towns represented voted as follows: Yea — 
(iranville, Xorwich. Granby, Whately, Montague, Shel- 
burne, Charlemont, Greenwich, Conway, Westfield, Palmer, 
Pelham, Leverett, Ludlow, Ashfield; Xay — Springfield, Wil- 
braliam, Deerfield. Monson, Rlandford, Northampton, 
Southampton, Hadley. Westham])ton, Hatfield, Goshen. 
Cummington, Williamsburg, South Hadley, Amherst, Sun- 
derland, Shutesbury, Worthington, Chesterfield, Greenfield, 
Though the delegates lhv\s voted to uphold the process of 


the law and wait for time to bring relief to the trying 
conditions, one reckless demagog incited a mob to disturb 
the holding of the Supreme Judicial Court and the Court 
of Common Pleas at Northampton, April 12. This man 
was Samuel Ely, an itinerant preacher, who had been sent 
away from Somers, Conn., by a council of ministers. For 
his connection with the riot at Northampton he was put 
in jail at Spring^eld and was rescued by a mob of sympa- 
thizers on June 12. The three men suspected as ring- 
leaders in the breaking open of the jail and the release of 
Ely, Capt. Abel Dinsmore of Conway, Lieut. Paul King of 
Northampton, and Lieut. Perez Bardwell of Deerfield, were 
confined in the jail at Northampton as hostages for the 
return of Ely. A mob of 600 collected at Hatfield on 
June 15 under Capt. Reuben Dickinson of Amherst for an 
attack on the Northampton jail. The militia to the num- 
ber of 1,200 were called out to protect the jail. Gen. Elihu 
Porter of Hadley, high sheriff, was in command. After 
several days of negotiations the hostages were released 
on their promise to produce Ely, and the mob dispersed-. 

Another convention was held at Hatfield, August 7-10. 
habeas corpus act in Hampshire County for six months 
and appointed a committee, Samuel Adams, Artemas Ward, 
and Nathaniel Gorham, speaker of the House, to proceed 
to Hampshire County to investigate the disturbances. 

Another convention was held at Hatfield August 7-10. 
This convention under the guidance of the committee from 
the General Court declared its lovaltv to the state and to 
Congress. The riotous acts of the mobs had not com- 
mended themselves to sober-minded citizens, though the 
grievances of which they complained were not righted. A 
set of resolutions adopted at the convention recommended 
relief from taxation by a more equal distribution, economy 
in administration, and indemnity for all those guilty of 
lawless acts except Samuel Ely. 

Ely was given up to the authorities and taken to Boston. 
His reckless agitation had almost produced civil war in the 
county, and fighting between the insurgent forces, who 
were well armed and well led, and the local militia, was 
narrowly averted. Ely was thus characterized by Pres. 
Timothy Dwight : — 


"Ely was an unlicensed and disorderly preacher and could not obtain an 
ordination. * * * He possessed the spirit, and so far as his slender abili- 
ties would permit, the arts of a demagogue to an unusual degree. He was 
voluble, vehement in address, bold, persevering, active, brazen faced in 
wickedness. ♦ * * The Association of New London County, some years 
before, when his character was very imperfectly known or suspected, licensed 
him to preach, and he was employed by the people of Somers, Ct. Afterward 
he was brought before a council and pronounced wholly unqualified to preadi. 
He left Somers and drifted into Hampshire County, taking up his residence 
in Conway." 

Many conventions were held in various towns in the 
county during the years 1782 and 1783. They served as 
safety valves for the expression of views which if checked 
might have proved the cause of acts of violence and an- 
archy. This period at the close of the w-ar was a period of 
the same distress and agitation in most of the other colo- 
nies and has been called by that able historian, John Fiske, 
the Critical Period of American History. 

At a convention in Hatfield, March 19 and 20, 17B3. 
thirteen towns were represented. After a harmonious 
meeting it was voted to pay no taxes to the state and 
adjournment was taken to meet at Hadley the 15th of 
April. Jonathan Judd of Southampton recorded in his 
diary that at Hadley the delegates "felt feeble and fearful. 
They begin to know the County are not with them and they 
must try to pay Taxes." (Trinnbuirs "History of North- 

In 1784 a petition was brought before the General Court 
for a separation of Hampshire County on account of the 
difficulty of getting to the courts at Springfield and North- 
ampton from some of the more remote towns. The divi- 
sion was vigorously opi)osed by Hatfield. The matter was 
referred to the towns themselves for settlement and at a 
convention held at Hatfield in Mav. 1786, twentv-two towns 
voted against a division and nineteen in favor of it. 

I'he discontent of the people in Massachusetts culminated 
in the uprising known as Shays's rebellion. A convention 
in Worcester. Aug. 15, 1786, at which representatives from 
37 towns in Worcester County aired their grievances, was 
followed by a convention in Hatfield on August 22, at which 
?0 towns were represented. A three days' session was held in 
which the delegates, after declaring themselves a constitu- 
tional body, adopted a list of seventeen grievances. An 
i^sue of paper currency was called for at once and it was 


voted that no funds should be granted to Congress. One 
of the chief effects of the gathering was to arouse the mob 
spirit to an attack on the courts. Rioting at the court- 
houses followed at Northampton, Great Barrington, Worces- 
ter, and Concord. Instigated by Daniel Shays of Pelham 
and Luke Day of West Springfield the discontented debtors 
went to the extreme of actual rebellion against the state 
authority and attempted to capture the federal arsenal at 
Springfield. The rebellion was not wholly crushed till Sep- 
tember, 1788. The chief result was to show the country 
the danger of anarchy unless there was a strong central 
authority and to hasten the adoption of the federal con- 

At a convention held at the house of Samuel Dickinson 
in Hatfield, Jan. 2, 1787, an address was framed to send to the 
insurgents in the field to lay down their arms and seek 
redress through the General Court. The people of the town 
stood on the side of law and order and deplored the 
acts of Shays and his associates. One citizen of the 
town, Jacob Walker, a Revolutionary soldier, lost his life 
in an expedition sent to capture one of the rebel leaders, 
Capt. Jason Parmenter, at Bernardston. He was buried 
with military honors. The inscription on his headstone on 
the old burying ground on "the HilK' is: — 

**To the memory of Mr. Jacob Walker who respected by the brave, beloved 
by his country*s friends, dear to his relations, while manfully defending the 
laws of the commonwealth nobly fell by the impious hand of treason and 
rebellion upon the 17 day of February A. D. 1787 in the 32 year of his age. 

'Citizen passing drop a tear 
And dare to imitate the brave.' 




"Along the cool sequestered vale of life 
They kept the noiseless tenor of their ways." 

Political Strife. — Description by President Dwight of Hatfield in 1797.— 
Growth in population. — Highways as shown by old map. — Hon. John Hastings. 
— "Aunt Beck" and her diary. — Mary Morton Smith. — Schools for girls.— 
Manners and customs of the period. — Mode of travel to Boston. — Introduction 
of sleighs. 

Hatfield was not long in recovering from the effects of the 
war. After the adoption of the federal constitution and the 
establishment of the coinage of the country on a firm basis, 
prosperity came again and business was resumed in a normal 
manner. Political discussions were rife for many years. 
Dr. Lyman was an ardent Federalist and many of his pulpit 
discourses were on political matters. In this he differed 
from many of his parishioners, who maintained views of local 
independence and were followers of Jefferson. The town 
was about equally divided between the Federalists and Anti- 

The martial spirit aroused by the struggle for independence 
lingered. A large militia force was maintained and training 
days were frequent and always observed as holidays. 

A most interesting picture of the conditions in the town 
in the year 1797 is given by Pres. Timothy Dwight in his 
^'Travels in New England and New York.** One of his 
letters contains this description: — 

"Hatfield lies opposite the north end of Hadlcy at the distance of a mile 
and a half. It is built chiefly on two streets: the principal running North and 
South near a mile, the other about as far East and West. The houses arc 
generally decent ; and a number in a better style. Hatfield contains 9.000 
acres. 2,000 of them, however, are in the bounds of Williamsburg; which. 
together with Whately. was formerly a parish of Hatfield ; and all these were 
originally included within the bounds of Hadlcy. [This is not true of the 
whole of Williamsburg.) A part of this township is a pine plain; a part 
intervals of first quality: and the remaining part valuable upland. 

"The inhabitants have been for a long period conspicuous for uniformity 
of ch',ir[ictvr. They have less intercourse with their neighbors than those of 


most other places. An air of silence and retirement appears everywhere. 
I^'xcept travellers, few persons are seen abroad, besides those who are 
employed about their daily business. This seclusion renders them less agree- 
able to strangers; but certainly contributes to their prosperity. Accordingly, 
few farming towns are equally distinguished either for their property or their 
thrift. Men who devote themselves to their own concerns usually manage 
them well. The people of Hatfield are good farmers. Their fields arc 
cultivated and their cattle fattened in a superior manner." 

The first United States census was taken in 1790. Hat- 
field then contained 103 houses and 703 people, and in 1800, 
123 houses and 809 people. A provincial census taken in 
1776 showed a population of 582. For the census figures of 
other years, see Appendix, Note 9. 

The growth under the newly-established government was 
thus steady, as it had been in colonial times, and apparently 
there w^as not much change in the character of the popula- 
tion, though the old restrictions against undesirable inhab- 
itants had fallen into disuse. One of Burgoyne's Hessian 
soldiers, Henry Wilkie, settled in town when the general and 
his army were marched across the country to Boston, and 
became the town maltster. There were a few Irish inhab- 
itants at this time, but they did not acquire property or 
remain in town long. While freedom to all religious sects, 
including Roman Catholics, was decreed by the state consti- 
tution adopted in 1780, the bitter struggles 9f the colonial 
w^ars were too fresh in the minds of men for them to 
entertain kindly feelings for any Catholics. Still the old 
Puritan intolerance was dying out and there is no evidence 
of any overt acts of hostility toward any prospective settlers 
of Hatfield. 

In 1790 about ISO people were warned out of town. Under 
date of October 25 their names were placed upon the town 
records and the constables were directed to warn "the above 
enumerated persons resident in the town of Hatfield in the 
county of Hampshire who have lately come into this Town 
for the purpose of abiding therein, not having obtained the 
Town's consent, therefore, that they depart the limits forth- 
with, their children and others under their care within fifteen 
days." The state the year before had revived the old law 
regarding who should have the rights of citizenship in the 
towns, and Hatfield probably took this action in order to 
establish a precedent in case any newcomers were not de- 
sired. There is no evidence that the persons so warned were 
driven from town, but they probably com\V\ed \\\\\\ V\v^ 



requirements of the lau'. The list of names contains those 
of many well-known fainihes. This wholesale warning wai 
the only one, with one exception, a man an<l his wife who 
had conic from ililfonl receiving notice to leave Jan. 25. 

The map of ITaltiehl in 1795 here presented was drawn to 
scale by Oliver Partridge from a survey hy Ehcnezer Fitch, 
who surveyed land in twenty towns in the vicinity from 
17(")5 to 1825. 'I'he original, presented by Benjamin M. 

Warner, is iu the Dickinson .Memorial Hall. This map 
shows nil the roads that were then CMunty highways. It will 
he seen thai there was at that lime no county highway 
through the Xnrili Ak-adow to "ilie l-'arins" and that the 
Tantry road was not then built, l-lbene/er Clapp built before 
IS.^o ilu- Imu-e now occupied by I'eier .'^atTer, and be was 
in-iruiuitila! in bavins: the IViiitry roinl accepted hy the town. 
If}~ 'l;(Jr;,'hter married Oliver tiravc^ .if Wbatelv, who built 


the house occupied by George Bitner. Thomas Frary was 
another early resident in the west part of the town. He 
built the old house that stood till after 1900 north of the 
residence of J. S. Newman. The map shows that in 1795 a 
part of the town of Williamsburg was included in the Hat- 
field boundaries. The line is now along Horse mountain. 
The residents of Mountain Street and Haydenville voted and 
were taxed in Hatfield till after 1800. The Baker's Ferry 
road appears on the map as the highway to Hadley, and the 
ferrv at the north of the street is indicated. 

The leading man of the town during the closing years of 
the eighteenth century was Hon. John Hastings. He had 
been an ardent patriot during the struggle against Great 
Britain and, as already noted, was the first representative to 
the provincial congress of Massachusetts. He continued to 
represent the town in the state legislature almost continu- 
ously till 1807 and was also chairman of the board of select- 
men during most of the time, acting as moderator in town 
meeting whenever he was present. There is in the town 
records an expression of the confidence of his townspeople 
in his ability and public spirit. At the time the state consti- 
tution was under discussion, Hatfield voted instructions for 
their representative to be guided by in regard to some points 
the people felt should receive particular attention in the 
constitution. They laid special stress on a bill of rights 
and popular election of the governor and legislators and ex- 
pressed their entire confidence in the judgment of their 
representative, John Hastings. Squire Hastings was a gen^ 
tleman of the old school, punctilious in dress and manner, 
discreet in utterance, dignified in bearing. He was the last 
wearer of a cocked hat in Hatfield. 

An interesting character was Miss Rebecca Dickinson or, 
as she was familiarly called, "Aunt Beck,*' a seamstress. As 
she traveled from house to house about her work, she ac- 
quired a fund of information concerning her neighbors that 
was unequaled by any other person. A gift of making pithy, 
epigrammatic remarks caused her to be regarded as some- 
thing of an oracle. In a diary she kept from 1787 to 1802 
are recorded notes of events that came under her observa- 
tion, mingled with comments of her own on a wide range of 
subjects, a few extracts from which are here given. The 
diary is in the possession of Mrs. Mary A.. "B. I>\c\saw^ow, 


The earlier part, referring to Revolutionary times, "Aunt 
Beck'* herself destroyed. Her notes begin with July 22, 1787. 

" — thunder never terrifies me — how many would fly away from this house 
alone — God knows his saints and guards the place where they dwell. 

"July 25, 1787, makes me forty-nine years of age — ^therc is malis Enuff 
round me to have taken it from me. 

"This is the 12 of August a Satterday morning yesterday was att brother 
bilings there was mr Carson — Patte Church who boards there in the evening 
came home to this house alone. I lited no candel for the Darkness of my 
mind was far beyond the Darkest Dun j on there was no hope for me in the 
things of time jesse billings was there which Put those bad thoughts into 
my mind." [After lamenting the fact that no one desires her company and 
that she has outlived all her connections, she concludes the day's meditations 
by saying,] "the more need of sending all my hopes to the heavenly world. I 
do wonder at myself that I should be so earthly-minded and look after the 
things of the world as though I should be the better for any of them or 
think those any more happy who have them." 

[On Sunday, Aug. 13, she reflects upon her lonesomeness and says that] 
"God only knows there is no person in the world who loves Company more 
than me" [and fearing that she will be sick in bed within a week] "no one to 
do the least kind offis for me — it is God's will." 

[August 20, she spent part of the night wondering] "how it come about 
that others and all the world was in Possession of Children and friends and 
a hous and homes while I was so od as to sit here alone." 

[On August 25 she tells of a wedding reception for Oliver Hastings and 
his bride.] "No doubt there was forty Couple who was invited in, some 
singel, some marryed Peopel a very fine Collection all brought out to give 
them joy in their begining. I drinked tea with brother and sister billing. — 
with a great many fine Peopel who was a crouding in the ladies with there 
Silks the men the happiest who Could get the neerest to them." 

"this is the 2 Day of September 1787 yesterday was at Sister Billings 
with mrs wells and mrs jud of South Hadley there was two ladies Salle 
Hubbard and Betsie Chappill, my couzon who Drinked tea with us in the 
evening Come to this house about half after seven and found it dark and 
lonesome here j walked the rooms and cryed myself Sick and found ray 
heart very stubborn against the govefnment of God who has set me here for 
to try my fidelity to my lord who knows the best way" 

"this is monday the 4 of September 1787 this Day is beautiful like the 
month it is this Day have been preparing for to be sick it is near the 
Season when the Collick used to visit me." 

"This holy Sabbath is 22 of September this day Sister Mather is here 
with her two children and is very soon to goe to her own home. This day 
there Preached here one mr jud of Ware he was Dismised about three yean 
agow was Settled or instaled at ware about too years agow he gave us two 
good Sermons on the Sad Efects of Sin from those words of Ezekel j hare 
Purged thee and thee are Purged — the Day was warm like Summer ray 
Collick has began this Day I feel Sick but have great Cause of thankfulness 
that my health has been given me so long." 

[Some time later "Aunt Beck" had a call from] "Patte Graves of Pitts- 
field who began the world with me we went together to learn the trade of 
goun making which has been of unspeakable adventage to me but of no 
Servis to her She married a man seven and thirty years older than her Self 
has Six Children living" 

"there is sick at the hous of Zack field nathaniel day of Northampton 
who was taken Sick on thursday last and — is supposed to be this day a going 
the way of all the earth." 

[The next day came the news of his death, which caused her to say,] "may 
not Satan gain no adventage over me" 

[One (lay on a call to Sister Billings she found acquaintances of earlier 
days and] "quit that company because \ found my Company to be a burden." 


[On Sept. 29 she went to the minister's house and there] "see an old 
acquaintance — was in Company with him ten years agoe he has sense very 
well married" [She was overcome to have him ask her if her name was 
changed and went home once more to meditate, rebel at her fate, and finally 
repent of her willfulness.] 

[The entry of Oct 5 tells of a visit to Whately with Sister Billings, in 
which they called on several acquaintances, lastly at] "Captain White's staid 
there to refresh ourSelves Set out for home about the going down of the 
Sun. Arrived at Sister bilings about Dusk, there found the woman who I 
doe not love nor can j like" 

"About the 14 of October there was gathered at north — Conel murry's 
regiment, about seven hundred men, brother bilings was Captain from this 
town Captin Chapin from Whately they made a ^rand appeerence as they 
lined up there was at there head general Chapm of this town general 
Shepard of Westfield major allis Conel lymen of northampton it was a beau- 
tifull day for October the bois all went from this town" 

[On the 26th of October her mother came home after an absence of some 
months and they set up housekeeping] "one time more how we are to live j 
cant see" 

[She writes on Nov. 15 of going to visit an old friend, Mrs. Trowbridge, 
where she took a sudden cold which] "has confined me for a week with a 
most distressing Collick j thought my life to be a ^oing — the day of my 
jllness sent for doctor wiliams who opened a vein which has given me ease 
it was like a Pleurisy in the Distress and gained ease the same way as tho it 
was the same disorder how sad to be sick no one to doe the least kind offis 
my mother seventy-nine years of age not able to take the care of herself in a 
puzzling fit broke my specticles a great loss to me for they suted me so well 
that a — should not have brought them out of my hand." 

[In 1789 she says,] "this is a most Distressing time with the inhabitence of 
these towns the want of bread and the want of money to gain that same 
article how far God is to try the inhabitence of this land by famine god only 
knows j have never in fifty years heerd so great a cry for bread it looks 
dark on the Peopel it is cold like winter there is no hope of the grain how 
every one should be Crying to god to Power out his spirit upon this Peopel 

"this is may a Sunday after meeting about the 30 of may the last week a 
bridge, was raised in this town there is alwais Danger when briges are 
raised my soul cryed to god for presevation the lord heard my poor request 
and Preserved this Peopel Except my brother who was saved from death 
when he fell twenty feet he put out three bones in his hand but god in a 
wonderful manner preserved his life and my soul hopes it may be for his 
benifit and the good of others." 

" — ^Day Ends my book the 8 day of August 1802 Days are prolonged 
i have begun my Sixty fifth year little did i think to see this time which i 
now behold never did the goodness of god appeare more and brighter." 

Another of the women of the period worthy of note was 
Mary Morton Smith, wife of Lieut. Samuel Smith. At her 
death in 1807 she left a reputation for energy, thrift, and 
piety that had seldom been equaled. Her husband died in 
1767, leaving her with a family of six boys, and she was 
appointed their guardian and brought up the family. The 
oldest boy, Samuel, was only fifteen and the youngest, Oliver, 
the founder of the Smith Charities and Smith's Agricultural 
School, only a year and a half. They all became worthy 
citizens. Samuel and two others, Benjamin and Elijah, 
served in the Revolution. The other sons were Rufus atvd 


Joseph, who was the father of Sophia Smith, founder of 
Smith College. Mary Smith took great interest in her little 
granddaughter Sophia. Dr. J. M. Greene said in an address 
at Smith College in 1896 at the centennial of Sophia Smith's 
birth that she told him she remembered her grandmother 
well and used to say, "I looked up to my grandmother with 
great love and reverence. She more than once put her hand 
on my head and said, *I want you should grow up and be a 
good woman and try to make the world better.* ** Mary 
Smith was a w^oman who had keen interest in education, 
which she transmitted to her descendants. 

Hatfield opened schools for girls in 1796. There is a tradi- 
tion that before the education of girls was thought necessary, 
Roger Dickinson, who had a large family of girls he wished 
to have taught, went to Elijah Dickinson for advice and 
assistance in bringing up the matter for public consideration. 
The latter agreed with his relative on general principles, but 
he seemed to doubt whether the innovation was practical. 
His advice w-as, "Roger, it is all right, but do you suppose they 
will vote any money to teach the shees?'* But the town did 
vote to set up tw-o schools for the training of girls four 
months in the year. Before this the few girls who had 
attended school recited their lessons after the boys had 
finished. The boys went to school about six months in the 
year at this period. The appropriation for schools was about 
$200 annually. The brick schoolhouse that stood in the road 
south of the meetinghouse and is fully described by Mr. 
Partridge in his reminiscences in Part II. was built in 1783. 
The girls' schools were apparently "dame schools," kept in 
private houses. Mr. Partridge seemed to think that in his 
boyhood they were private schools, but probably they re- 
ceived support from the public treasury. The younger boys 
were also sent to the **dame schools" during the earlier part 
of the nineteenth century. 

Isaac Curson, born in Dumfries, England, who landed in 
Philadelphia in 1784 and who was a teacher in a private 
school in Northampton for several years, also opened a 
school in Hatfield shortly after the Revolution, where the 
classics and French were taught. For attempting to marry 
Abigail Barnard of Deerfield while his wife was still living in 
England, he was obliged to leave for the west. 

Dr. Lyman was an ardent e\\?LW\\)\ow o( education for both 


sexes. He was a trustee of Dickinson Academy in Deer- 
field. In his sermon at the opening of that institution Jan. 1, 
1799, he said: — 

"As knowledge is essential to wisdom, and the arts and sciences are 
bandtnaids to virtue, and give energy and success to the feelings of benevo- 
lence, so we cannot be too assiduous in acquiring knowledge for ourselves, or 
in promoting it among those with whom we are connected in society, espe- 
cially among the youth, the rising hope of our country. Is he to be com- 
mended who drinks deep at the fountain of knowledge? How much more 
worthy of our admiration and gratitude is he who liberally devises the ways 
and means of disseminating science and wisdom among our numerous youth 
of both sexes! He makes provision not only that the fathers, but that the 
future mothers of the race may be richly furnished to train up their children 
to learning and virtue." 

The people of the eighteenth century had more time to 
devote to culture than the struggling pioneers of the sev- 
enteenth. Nev^^spapers and political tracts had begun to 
circulate freely and were eagerly read. Books were more 
numerous, though still confined very largely to religious 
works. A few copies of Dryden's and Pope's poems were 
owned in town. The favorite books were the Bible, Watts's 
"Psalms and Hymns," "The New England Primer," contain- 
ing the Catechism, "Pilgrim's Progress," Baxter's "Saint's 
Rest," Fox's "Book of Martyrs," and "The Farmer's Al- 

Many of the customs of the early colonial times lingered 
till long after the Revolution. There was great formality 
in speech and manner. Men of rank wore ruffled shirts, 
knee breeches and buckled shoes, cocked hats and queues, 
and powdered their hair. The ordinary clothing was of 
homespun. Every woman had a Scotch plaid cloak, called 
a camlet, and handed down from mother to daughter as an 
heirloom. The dower given to every girl by her father on 
her wedding day was a brass kettle and a cow. Many of the 
brass kettles were cherished family possessions with which 
tales of savage warfare were connected. It was the custom 
of the people to bury in the ground the treasured brass kettle 
whenever the danger of an Indian attack seemed imminent. 
For much of the cooking heavy iron pots were used. For 
the table service there was shining pewter ware. Gourds 
were used for dippers, and for receptacles for milk there were 
earthen pans like tile, glazed on the inside. A few families 
had furniture of English workmanship acquired in the palmy 
days of colonial times, but much of the furniture was of the 


plain, homemade type. There was no covering for most o 
the floors, which were kept clean and shining by frequen 
polishings. The sand bank in the highway opposite the Ian< 

of E. S. Warner near the Hill bridge was reserved for public 
use because it contained a de])osit of sand of especial merit 
for scouring piiqioscs. Near the river was an abundance of 
rusbcs jirized for scouriui^ ])e\\*ter, 

'I'hc baking was ilonc in huge brick ovens. There was not 


ove of any description in Hatfield before 1800. On bak- 
days the fire was built early in the morning on the floor 
he oven and kept replenished till all the surrounding walls 
e heated. Then the embers were removed and the floor 

carefully swept to receive the loads of bread and pies 
: the housewife and her daughters had prepared. A 
:able tin oven was used for warming up food when com- 
y came unexpectedly. This could be set upon the hearth 
ront of the fireplace and put away when not in use. It 

the custom to keep a batch of dough in the cellar under 
imp cloth to be ready for emergencies, and when guests 
ved the hostess would prepare biscuits to be baked in the 
11 oven before the fire while she chatted with her callers, 
ers in those days always came to spend the whole after- 
n and expected to be invited to tea. 

hanksgiving was always a time when large quantities of 
visions were cooked for family use for weeks to come, 

preparations were begun a week before Thanksgiving 
, such as paring apples and making mince meat. Some- 
ts as many as fifty pies were baked and set aside in the 
st room for future use. Plenty of good New England 
I entered into their composition, so that they were in no 
ger of freezing. Large quantities of rich pound cake 
e also prepared, which would keep in good condition for 
ng time. During the fall each family made a barrel of 
e sauce as soon as cool weather came. It was allowed 
reeze and when wanted for use had to be cut out with a 
:het. It was made of sweet and sour apples cooked 
5ther in a brass kettle out of doors, sweetened with the 
ip of boiled cider. 

he fall was a busy time in the preparation of other house- 
l supplies. It was the season for hog killing, when the 
: was salted, hams and shoulders cured and smoked, and 
lages made in great strings to hang from the rafters in 
attic. Some sausages were always put in earthen jars 
lelted lard and in this way would keep till the next sum- 
. Some of the fresh pork, and beef and mutton as well, 
stored in the grain bins at the barn. Buried deep in oats 
ye the meat was protected from changes of temperature 
r being thoroughly frozen before storing, 
he fall was also the time for carding and spinning the 

and wool. Two pairs of woolen stockings for each 
iber of the family had to be made beiore T\\^tvVls^\nvcv^> 


no small task in some families. Long woolen leggings were 
worn by the men and boys as a protection when going 
through deep snow. These were manufactured at home. 
The winter's supply of candles had to be prepared and 
pumpkins must be cut in strips and dried. The pumpkins 
were used not only for sauce, but also to sweeten the home- 
brewed beer. This beer was the common drink in everv 
household. In summer it was brewed as often as once a 
week. A hop pole stood in every garden. 

Large quantities of cider also were made and consumed. 
There were several cider distilleries in town where cider 
brandy was made. It was an age of hard drinking. The 
toddy glass and flip iron occupied a conspicuous position over 
every fireplace, and along the sideboards were arranged 
decanters of rum flavored with native fruits. The most 
common flavors were w^ld cherry, raspberry, and elderberry. 
These were called cherry brandy, raspberry brandy, etc., and 
were used for flavoring the toddy that w^as passed around 
on everv social occasion. 

Rum was brought from Hartford by boat and of course a 
supply for the winter had to be secured before navigation was 
stopped by the ice. A story is current of one merchant who 
w^as obliged to send teams to Hartford in March of one 
year. He said he had seven hogsheads of rum before winter 
set in, but it had all gone. 

Spring was the season for making a leach of hardwood 
ashes for lye for soap making and for the making of maple 
syrup and sugar. 

Summer was the time for cheese making. Before "dog 
days'' the garden herbs had to be cut and cured, — sage, sum- 
mer savory, mint, rue, and rosemary. Dill and carawav 
grew wild in the yards. The latter furnished the flavoring 
for savory seed cakes that the younger members of the 
household clamored for. Rushes for scouring the pewter 
were ahvays gathered in August. The warmer months of 
the year were those in which the weaving was done, for the 
cumbersome looms took up too much space in the living 
rooms and so were usually placed in a shed or an upstairs 
chamber which was unheated. Almost all clothing and bed- 
ding was made at home. Each girl was ambitious to have 
her "setting out'' completed before her twentieth birthday. 
Her outfit often included a b\^ bedsvread worked in blue and 
white, brown and white, or ^te^w ?^w<\ \\\v\\.^. T\v^ N^c^xuen, 


when not otherwise employed, were busy with their knitting, 
and so constant was their employment that they did not need 
illumination, but could knit by the dim light of the fireplace. 

The work of the men in the fields was all performed by 
hand as it had been since the first settlement of the town. 
The same staple crops were raised as had been a hundred 
vears before, and the chief source of revenue was from the 
sale of fat cattle and hogs. In the winter every farmer made 
a trip to Boston with a load of produce. TheVe were no 
carriages or sleighs in Hatfield before 1800, but almost every 
farmer had a pung, a long, low sled with a pine box body. 
He would fill this with hogs he had butchered, and perhaps 
a few extra cheeses, and set out early Monday morning. 
The trip to Boston took three days each way, so he could 
arrive home before Sunday if not delayed by storms. The 
first stop was in Brookfield, where he would put up at the 
tavern, eating his own lunch, which he carried with him, in 
the public bar-room and paying only for his rum and his lodg- 
ing and the stabling of his horse. Fodder for the horse was 
also carried on the load. The second day's trip was usually 
as far as Framingham. In Boston the load was exchanged 
for a quintal of codfish, some New England rum, a supply of 
tea for the year, some nutmeg as a flavoring for toddy, the 
year's supply of loaf sugar, and silks and ribbons for the 
women of the family. 

Sleighs were introduced early in the nineteenth century, 
and it was required by law that bells should be attached to 
the harness when sleighs or sleds were in use. The story is 
told of how one independent Hatfield citizen showed his 
resentment at this regulation, for failure to comply with 
which offenders were liable to arrest. Solomon Graves was 
a man with a keen sense of humor and ever ready for a 
practical joke. He attached some bells to the end of his reins 
and put them in the box of his new sleigh, spreading over 
the seat a large buffalo robe. Then he drove to Northamp- 
ton, where he was promptly espied and halted by a vigilant 
constable, who proceeded to inform him he was under arrest. 
A crowd quickly gathered. The constable was growing 
angry. Mr. Graves after some delay, appearing not to 
understand why he was stopped by the officer, pulled the 
reins from under the seat and showed his bells attached to 
the harness as the law required. The constable beat a re- 
treat in the face of the jeers of the bystanders. 



'* What's new to speak, what now to register." 

The bridge across the Connecticut. — The war of 1812. — Cattle and sheep 
industries. — Broom corn. — Tobacco. — Manufacturing. — Growth of the outlying 

After the close of the Revolutionary war the town of 
Hatfield enjoyed a long period of peace and prosperity, the 
events of part of which were narrated in the last chapter. 
The war of 1812 created little disturbance and the Mexican 
war none at all. The first half of the century brought many 
important industrial changes and saw the beginning of the 
immigration movement that has so changed the character of 
the population of the town. The agricultural indttstlies 
reached a higher stage of development than they everlttd 

At the very beginning of the century plans were laid for 
the building of a bridge across the Connecticut riven Tht 
act of incorporation was passed by the state legislature 
March 8, 1803. The bridge was formally opened Oct. 20, 
1807, with a great public demonstration, the following ac- 
count of which appeared in the Hampshire Gazette of October 

"On Tuesday the 20th inst., this elegant and costly edifice was compleatcd 
and opened for public use. 

"After struggling with uncommon resolution and fortitude, for four 
years, against every species of difficulty and misfortune, this was truly, a 
proud and joyful event to the proprietors. To the public at large it was a 
cause of sincere gratification. 

"A very large concourse of people from the adjacent towns, together with 
Iladley and Hatfield bands of music, and Capt. Breck's company of artillcrx' 
under command of Lieut. Dwight, joined with the proprietors in the cere- 
monies and festivities of the day. At 11 o'clock A. M. the corporation with 
the artillery and music, proceeded from Roberts' Inn to the meetinghouse, 
where an appropriate sermon was delivered by Rev. Dr. Lyman, to a ver}* 
crowded audience. After the services were concluded the artillery and 
music, gentlemen spectators, the architect, the president, directors and cor- 
poration, and the Rev. clergy were formed in procession by the Marshall of 
the (Inv, ^nd marched to the bridge. 


"Afler passing and repassing the bridge in Inverted order, under an 
ahernale discharge of artillery from the opposite banks of the river, the 
procession returned to While's Inn, and partook of a handsome entertain- 
ment. A few appropriate toasts with a discharge of artillery, concluded the 
ceremonies of the day." 

An apocryphal account states that a prayer was offered 
by "Priest" Wells of Whately, — presumably at the bridge, — 
in which he prayed for everybody up and down the street 

The Db. Dan 

and across the bridge. As be was hemming and hawing, 
about to begin all over again, he was interrupted by Roger 
Dickinson, who shouted, "Jump ashore, parson, jump 

Dr. Lyman's sermon was printed. He was enthusiastic 
over the possibilities in store from the improved means of 
communication, believing it foreshadowed tlie coming of the 

The funds for building the bridge were raised jiartlv by the 
sale of lottery tickets, a common method for raising money 
at that time. The first bridge lottery was anthorizei! in 
1803. The drawings were held at the tavevu Ve\»\. \^n \^^. 


Daniel White in the house now the residence of D. W. 
Wells. Dr. White was the most noted inn keeper of the 
period and his tavern was a popular resort. He studied 
medicine in his youth and went to Whitestown, N. Y., to 
practice. Losing one of his first cases, in which the opera- 
tion of bleeding the patient, then in general use by physicians, 
had fatal results, he packed his baggage and returned home 
at once, never again attempting to practice his profession. 
He was the first postmaster in Hatfield, being appointed in 
1806 and serving till 1831. 

One hundred and fifty-nine shares of the stock of the 
bridge corporation were taken by subscribers. The par value 
of the stock was not recorded in the corporation book, which 
has been preserved, but it is thought to have been $100. The 
first dividend, of $238.50, was declared on Jan. 1, 1812, and 
was followed by twenty-one others, the last on Nov. 6, 1820. 
They were declared at irregular intervals, about three a 
year, and varied from 50 cents to $1.50 per share, averaging 
not over $2.00 per year. The first officers were Jonathan H. 
Lyman of Northampton, president; Nathaniel Smith and 
Samuel Partridge, 2d, directors; Joseph Billings, treasurer; 
Samuel Partridge, 2d, clerk; the last all of Hatfield. A toll 
house was erected on the Hatfield side of the bridge. The 
rates were as follows, established by the act of incorpora- 
tion : — 

Foot passengers $0.03 

Horse and rider 07 

Horse and chaise, or sulky 16 

Coach, chariot, phaeton, or other four-wheeled car- 
riage for passengers 33 

For each curricle ^5 

One horse sleigh .10 

Sleigh drawn by more than one horse 12j4 

Cart, sled, or other carriage of burden : 

Drawn by one beast 16 

Drawn by more than one beast 20 

Horses, without rider, and neat cattle 03 

Sheep and swine 01 

Only one person to each team was allowed to pass free of 
toll. Persons crossing the bridge in the performance of 
military duty or ministers on an exchange of pulpits were 
not required to pay for passage. A few tickets for passage 
for a year or a shorter period were issued. 

The bridge was built of arches resting on abutments and 
piers, the remains of which are still seen in the river opposite 


"the old bridge place." The planking followed the curves of 
the arches so that driving across was a series of rises and 


The bridge did not prove a profitable investment for the 
shareholders. In 1821 the question of rebuilding was agi- 
tated, but the proprietors had lost their interest. The bridge 
had become unsafe for use. July 7, 1823, sale of the toll 
house and the land on which it stood was made to Peter 
Ingram of Amherst, the highest bidder, for $375. The old 
iron and bolts were also sold at auction. The bridge by that 
time had been pulled down. In 1824 the directors voted to 
rebuild, but the vote was not carried into effect, and, June 15, 
1826, the piers and abutments were sold to Capt. Isaac 
Damon of Northampton for the payment of $4.50 per share, 
"that being the highest value thereof." He removed all the 
stone which could easily be secured. A bridge between Had- 
ley and Northampton was built in 1808, which, with a 
greater volume of travel, proved profitable. 

The original proprietors of the Hatfield bridge were mostly 
residents of Northampton, Hadley, Amherst, and Hatfield. 
A few shares were transferred before the final settlement of 
the affairs of the company. The original owners of the 
shares as recorded in the corporation book were Nathaniel 
Smith, 12; Isaac Abercrombie, 15; J. H. Lyman, 1; Rev. 
Joseph Lyman, 1 ; Nehemiah Waite, 2; C. & S. Partridge, 24 
Jonathan Clark, 14; Josiah Morton, 2; Calvin Merrill, 2 
Evan Johns, 26; Elijah Boltwood, 10; Elijah Dickinson, 5 
Samuel Smith, 9; Medad Dickinson, 5; Caleb Strong, 3; Wil- 
liam Porter, 15; Joseph Billings, 3; Samuel Porter, 2; Enos 
Baker, 2; Ebenezer Ingraham, 2; John Russell, 1; Robert 
Cutter, 1 ; Jason Mixter, 2. 

The war of 1812 was not popular in Massachusetts, where 
Madison's policy was considered detrimental to the best 
interests of the country. Hatfield adopted the following 
resolutions at a town meeting held Feb. 8, 1809: — 

"Whereas, the people have a right in a peaceable manner to request the 
Legislature, by way of addresses and petitions or remonstrances, for a 
redress of gfnevances they suffer; and whereas, the aspect of our public 
affairs is alarming almost beyond a precedent,— our citizens suffering (as we 
think) needless and most extraordinary privations, public confidence tottering 
to its base, and the government endeavoring to palm upon us laws in our 
judgment unconstitutional, arbitrary, and oppressive ; and whereas, during 
the administration of Washington and Adams, when our country was emerg- 
ing from the horrors of a cruel and relentless war, when a forttv oi. ^^on^xyv.- 
nient was to be established embracing the union oi lV\es<i Sx^i^ts, vaV^xv ^^ 



hatchet of war with the savages upon our frontiers was to be buried, when 
ways and means were to be devised to cancel our national debt, when com- 
mercial treaties with European nations were to be established, our country 
rose to wealth and greatness unparalleled in the history of the world; there- 
fore, ^ 

"Resolved, That it is a departure from their policy and measures that has 
produced these evils and brought the nation to the brink of wretchedness 
and ruin. 

"Resolved, That the embargo is unnecessary and oppressive. 

"Resolved, That we view the late law for enforcing the embargo as a 
death blow to our civil liberties; as by it the sanctuary of our dwellings is 
made liable to search and our property to seizure upon the suspicion only of 
the mere creatures of the President; as by it the breath of the Executive 
may constitute the law of the land; and, above all, that the civil is made 
subservient to the military power. 

"Resolved, That we view with anxiety and concern the late extraordinary 
augmentation of military power, without so much as an intimation from our 
government of their object and design. 

"Resolved, That the President ought to distrust, and that we hold in 
contempt the opinion of, those who would treat us as rebels and term us the 
most worthless part of community, because we do not hold out our hands to 
the chains and tamely submit to arbitrary power. 

"Resolved, That we have ever viewed the returning of the British treaty 
by the President without submitting it to the Senate as an impolitic measure, 
and in our opinion it is through the means and measures of our Administra- 
tion that all essential differences with Great Britain have not long since been 
amicably and honorably adjusted. 

"Resolved. That we esteem our national Constitution as an invaluable 
legacy from our political fathers, and if necessary will yield our lives and 
fortunes a cheerful sacrifice to defend it, and we do hereby exhort our 
fellow-citizens to rally around it as the standard of political safety, and to 
esteem no sacrifices too great to preserve it. And as we have heretofore 
petitioned the President and Congress in vain, therefore, 

"Resolved, That the selectmen be a committee to prepare a respectful 
petition to our Legislature, praying that honorable body to use all constitu- 
tional means in their power to procure our enlargement, that so agriculture 
and commerce may again receive the rewards of industry and enterprise." 

Brig. Gen. Isaac Maltby of Hatfield was in command of the 
Hampshire militia during the war. They were called out by 
Gov. Caleb Strong for the defense of Boston in 1814. Hat- 
field's quota in the expedition was 14, but the names of the 
men have not all been ascertained. Mr. Partridge in his 
reminiscences in Part H. speaks of Murray Maltby, Israel 
Billings, and Moses Morton, and one other is mentioned in 
the sketch of Hatfield in the "Historv of the Connecticut 
Valley,^' in which the following account of the services of 
Mr. Morton are related in what proved to be a picnic cam- 
paign for the soldiers : — 

''For tlu-'^o valiant services they gave me two land warrants, and at last a 
pension : curious idea wa'n't it, after seventy years to give me a pension for 
just that nice little parade down to Boston? I was quartermaster under 
Col. Valentine. I was a sergeant in the home company. They called on 
Hatfield for a detail of fourteen men, among them a captain and a lieutenant; 
hut they two whined and took on so dreadfully the officers let them off and 
took two sergeants, Jonathan Porter and me. That is the way I got into the 


Jeremiah Bardwell, Horatio Strong, and Henry Wilkie 
were also with the squad that marched from Hatfield to the 
defense of Boston. 

The news of the ratification of the treaty of peace was 
received with rejoicing. The treaty was ratified by the Sen- 
ate, Feb. 17, 1815, and the news was quickly sent about the 
country by post. It traveled from Washington to Philadel- 
phia in 14 hours, from there to New York in 9. The time 
for the distance of 240 miles from Washington to New York 
in 23 hours was considered remarkable. 

The fattening of cattle continued as one of the principal 
industries among the farmers of Hatfield. Large quantities 
of corn were raised in the fertile meadows, and in the fall 
each farmer bought as many pairs of oxen as he could find 
room for in his barns, 12 to 40 head. By the time of the 
Civil war some of the inhabitants had accommodations for 
even larger numbers. The Fitch brothers usually kept 100 
head, J. D. Billings about 80, and Henry S. Porter 50. 

Many sheep were also fattened. Some farmers had both 
sheep and cattle, but usually they specialized in one kind of 
stock. Elijah Bardwell and Reuben H. Belden used to keep 
as many as 1,000 through the winter and many had from 
100 to 500. 

Early in the nineteenth century the cultivation of broom 
corn on a commercial scale was begun. It had been raised 
in the Connecticut valley to a slight extent as early as 1780. 
The pioneer broom maker was Levi Dickinson of Hadley. 
He commenced to raise large quantities of broom corn and 
to make and sell brooms about 1797. The first to raise broom 
corn in Hatfield was Simeon Smith in 1816 or 1817. This 
proved a very profitable undertaking and broom corn came to 
be the principal cultivated crop, reaching an acreage of nearly 
1,000 acres. The meadow roads were narrow lanes through 
the tall waving fields. The memorial poem of Edward C. 
Porter at the Hadley bicentennial celebration in 1859 devoted 
several stanzas to the praise of the "tall broom corn.'* 

"The Broom Corn stands on the meadow lands, 

Like an army still and solemn. 
When it holds its breath as the leaden death 

Pours fast from the foeman's column ; 
For the tall Broom Corn is a warrior born, 

In the stern battalions growinfs^. 
And his green leaves wave like a banner brave, 

When the battle winds are blowing. 


"The yellow Maize in September days 

Stands ripe on hill and meadow, 
While brightly gleam in the slant sunbeam 

The ears 'mid the green leaves' shadow ; 
. But the tall Broom Corn is a warrior born, 

In the stern battalions growing, 
And his green leaves wave like a banner brave. 
When the battle winds are blowing. 

''The golden grain on the sunny plain 

Stands calm in the early dawning, 
And it nods with pride on the broad hillside, 

In the gentle breeze of morning; 
But the tall Broom Corn is a warrior born. 

In the stern battalions growing. 
And his green leaves wave like a banner brave, 

When the battle winds are blowing. 

"His blood-red crest in the morning mist 

He waves o'er the close ranks proudly. 
Like a soldier's plume in the battle gloom. 

Where the cannon thunder loudly; 
For the tall Broom Corn is a warrior born, 

In the stern battalions growing, 
And his green leaves wave like a banner brave. 

When the battle winds are blowing." 

The cultivation of broom corn lasted till about 1860 and 
there were many flourishing shops in town for the manjafiic- 
ture of brooms. A device for separating the seed {ram^ the 
corn was invented by Elisha Wells about 1850. This 80- 
called scraper took the place of the hetchels which had before 
been used. The seed was ground with corn for provender 
for cattle. Frost often prevented the ripening of the seed. 
At the height of the industry some farmers harvested $1,000 
worth of broom seed. 

Those who had the largest broom factories were Elijah 
Bardwell, Lucius G. Curtis, John D. Brown, William C. Bliss, 
Josiah Brown, and Otis C. Wells, all of them employing a 
large number of workmen. Many of the smaller farmers 
had little shops on their places, w'here they made brooms 
during the w^inter, and the industry was kept up on a small 
scale till several years after the Civil war. No broom corn 
is raised in tow^n now, but Anthony Douglas still operates a 

Many French-Canadians settled in town from 1850 on. 
They were expert broom tyers and this occupation was the 
chief cause of the French immigrants becoming permanent 
settlers of the town. They had come in large numbers in 
previous years to work on the farms in summer, but had 
been in the habit of reU\rnmg to Canada in the fall to work 


in the woods during the winter. Among the first of the 
French settlers in Hatfield were Peter Balise, Anthony 
Bolack, James Breor, Anthony Douglas, and Edward Proulx. 
Tobacco had been raised in the Connecticut valley almost 
from the beginning of the settlements, but only in small 
garden patches. In 1857 William H. Dickinson and James 
Morton commenced the cultivation of this crop for sale in 
quantity. They were successful with' it and their neighbors 

immediately followed their example. Broom corn had by 
this time become very uncertain and unprofitable on account 
of competition of western growers on low-priced land and 
tobacco took its place. By 1860 the production of tobacco 
had increased to 1,780 cases. In 1909 the yield was over 
7,500 cases. 

For a short time in the '30's there was a craze for raising 
teasels. Their sharp hooks were used for the dressing of 
woolen cloth. The craze quickly died out. Soon after came 
a craze for the growing of silkworms. Many mulberry trees 
were set out, Capt. Thaddeus Graves, Richard Smith, and 
Moses Warner each having several hundred and others 
smaller plantations. This industry, like the growing of 
teasels, was short-lived and unprofitable. Elijah Dickinson 
and his son Elijah were the most enthusiastic over the cul- 
ture of silkworms and continued it several yeaTS, a\\.M \'&*Si. 


The lumber industry had become quite an important 
branch of the activities of the town. Harvey Moore oper- 
ated a savsrmill on the site of Shattuck's gun shop, where the 
Meekins mill had been, and did a large business. Henry 
Wilkie operated a sawmill where A. L. Strong's now is, and 
Solomon Mosher had one at West Brook. The latter was 
also engaged in the manufacture of saleratus. He sold out 
about 1850 to Kitridge and Button, who in addition to their 
wood working also made husk mattresses. This business 
was continued by Andrew Button till after the Civil war. 
He was succeeded by George and Bwight Bickinson. The 
manufacture^ of mattresses gave the farmers an opportunity 
to dispose of what was otherwise a waste product. The 
corn was picked in the field and husked at the barn and the 
husks carefully saved and taken to the mill. 

Buring the period under consideration flourishing settle- 
ments grew up at West Farms (now Bradstreet), at West 
Brook (or North Hatfield), and at West Hatfield. Good- 
sized schoolhouses were built in these villages in 1860 and 
1861 to replace the small ones that served at first. Only the 
one at West Hatfield remains in use. The building of the 
brick schoolhouses is noted in Mr. Wells's reminiscences in 
Part n. None of them were built till after the Civil war. 

Hatfield was divided into school districts in 1812 and was 
organized under the state law of 1826 with a committee to 
examine teachers. There were only three districts at first, — 
the Hill, South Center, and North Center. The North Cen- 
ter schoolhouse was on the J. B. Brown lot. A "select 
school'' was established about 1820 for teaching the higher 
branches of learning to such as had mastered the "three R's." 
It was conducted in a schoolhouse built on the Silas Porter 
lot and taught by college students during their long winter 
vacations. Among those who taught in this school were 
Walter M. Rowland, former treasurer of Amherst College; 
Rev. Judson Titsworth of Milwaukee, Wis.; and Rev. Joseph 
Leach of Keene, N. H. The old brick schoolhouse on Main 
Street was taken down in 1846 and replaced by a wooden one, 
which was located on the so-called "proprietors lot." It 
stood where the row of hitching posts is, back of the Congre- 
gational church, and was afterward moved to the Morton 
lot, where it remained till torn down bv A. W. Morton in 


The "proprietors lot" was the Israel Williams lot, bought 
by public-spirited citizens to be reserved for public use. The 
cemetery was sold to the town in 1846, the church was built 
in 1849 on the front part of the lot and the town hall and 
parsonage in 1852. The first town hall was built in 1830 on 
the Squire Benjamin Smith lot. Its site was where the 
driveway leading to the cemetery is, one part being on the 
corner of the Memorial Hall lot. Dr. Lyman's lot was 
the next to the south. 

From 1830 to 1860 the lyceum system was at the height 
of its popularity. The meetings furnished the chief social 
diversion of the people as well as giving valuable training in 
parliamentary practice. There was a lyceum in each school 
district in the town, that in West Farms being kept up the 
longest. Whol^ families attended the gatherings, which 
were held in the schoolhouses, and the debates on public 
questions excited great interest. The participants were for 
the most part citizens of the town, though outside speakers 
sometimes were secured. Leaders were appointed in ad- 
vance, but all who wished took part in the discussions. 
Popular vote decided the argfument. 

At about the same time the singing schools were a popular 
feature of the social life during the winter season. A course 
of twelve or fourteen lessons was g^ven and the season was 
closed with a grand concert. In 1852 Jenny Lind, who was 
then spending her honeymoon on Round Hill in Northamp- 
ton, sang in Hatfield under the large elm tree in front of 
S. F. Billings's house, which has since been known as the 
"Jenny Lind elm." 

The church history of the period is given in Part II. The 
town and parish were divided in 1829. Some change from 
the earlier established order of a union of church and town 
affairs had begun as early as 1741, for when Mr. Woodbridge 
was called as colleague of Mr. Williams, he was chosen by a 
church committee and the choice was ratified by vote of the 
town. The same was the proceeding when Dr. Lyman was 
settled. He had his salary paid from the town treasury 
throughout his pastorate, as did his successor, Rev. Jared 
B. Waterbury, who was installed as colleague Jan. 10, 1827. 
Dr. Lyman died March 27, 1828. Rev. Levi Pratt, ordained 
in 1830, was not hired by the town, but by the church and 

^%.^ «•« «« l« 


About 1845 began the immigration of numbers of Irish and 
German settlers. The Irish exodus from "the old sod" was 
caused primarily by the failure of the potato crop in Ireland, 
and between 1845 and 1847 its inhabitants came in great 
numbers to the shores of America. Some of them found 
employment in building the Connecticut river railway, which 
was finished as far as Northampton in 1845. Betw-een 1845 
and 1848 the line between Northampton and Greenfield was 
under construction. The Irish, who were at home farm 
laborers, settled as permanent residents in all the Connecti- 
cut valley towns, where many of them soon acquired farms of 
their own. The Irish residents of Hatfield who settled in 
town between 1845 and 1860 were William, Patrick, and 
Thomas Boyle, Joseph and Michael Clancy, Michael Day, 
John and Maurice Fitzgibbons, Michael Hade, James Leary, 
John McHugh, Matthew Nolan, Nicholas and Edmund Pow- 
ers, John and James Ryan, John B. Ryan, and Daniel and 
Michael Whalen. 

The chief cause of the Germans leaving their fatherland 
was the failure of the revolution in Germany in 1848. The 
first settlers of German birth in Hatfield were Christian Carl, 
with his grown sons, Philip, Frederick, and Jacob, Peter 
SafTer, Adam Doppman. George Vollinger, Frank Newman, 
George Chandler, Gottlieb Decker, Joseph Stoddard, Peter 
Stoddard, and Frank Steele. Many of the German families 
settled in West Hatfield along the Pantry road, which had 
not before been built upon to a very large extent. 



'* When a deed is done for Freedom, through the broad earth's aching breast, 
Runs a thrill of joy prophetic, trembling on from east to west." 

Hatfield's Civil war pastor. — The selectmen. — ^The first enlistments. — 
Rallies of the year 1662.— Work of the women. — Farewell to the members of 
the 52d.— The roll of honor.— The drafts of 1663. 

As was the case in the Revolutionary war, so when the 
struggle between the North and the South came on, Hatfield 
had an eloquent, ardent, and patriotic minister. Rev. John 
M. Greene was ordained as pastor of the church Oct.* 20, 
1857. His able sermons roused the people to the full per- 
formance of their duty and his services were in demand 
at rallies. Filled with ardor for the cause of the Union he 
desired to serve as chaplain of a regiment, but did not receive 
an appointment. 

The selectmen, who served as recruiting officers, were 
strong and able men. William H. Dickinson, Reuben H. 
Belden, and John T. Fitch were the selectmen from 1862 to 
1868, put in as young men to replace the former board of 
older citizens. In addition to caring for the interests of the 
town they were tireless in the work of filling the town's 
quota at each call for more men and in looking after any 
families who needed aid while the men were at the front. 

The news of the firing on Fort Sumter aroused great 
excitement in the town. A high flagstaff was raised in front 
of the Hill schoolhouse and a new flag spread to the breeze 
from its top in a great public demonstration. By an unfor- 
tunate accident Erastus F. Billings lost a leg. A cannon 
burst from being charged too heavily and one of the frag- 
ments struck him. 

It was not long before troops were being hurried south. 
The Hatfield volunteers in the 10th Massachusetts regi- 
ment, that followed close on the heels of the famous 6th in 
1861, were James H. Abbott, Charles L. Bardwell, Charles W. 






Evans, Judson W. Harris, Dwight Morton, George Warner, 
and Jonathan D. Warner. The names of the other soldiers 
with the commands in which they served are given in the 
table at the end of the chapter. The 21st, 24th, 25th, 27th, 
30th, and 31st Massachusetts regiments each took Hatfield 

By 1862 it was seen that the suppression of the rebellion 
was not to be the easy task supposed at first and there was 
talk of the necessity of a draft. The Massachusetts towns 
were loyally filling the quotas of new men called for, how- 
ever. Hatfield's quota for the 37th regiment was 16 men. 
A rousing public meeting was held in the town hall July 
14, 1862, at which nearly all the voters were present. It 
was unanimously voted to raise a bounty fund of $100 
for. each volunteer called for from the town. Eight men 
came forward and pledged themselves to be responsible for 
$100 each in case the town should decide not to raise the 
whole amount by taxation. They were Elijah Bardwell, 
Joseph D. Billings, David Billings, Charles M. Billings, Dex- 
ter Allis, William H. Dickinson, George W. Hubbard, and 
Marshall N. Hubbard. Spirited addresses were made by 
Rev. J. M. Greene, Rev. J. L. Morton, George W. Hubbard, 
and Edwin Graves. 

Another meeting was called for the 18th. The Hamp- 
shire Gasette of July 22, gives this account of it: — 

"The greatest event that transpired during the past week was the great 
mass meeting which occurred at the town hall Friday evening. * * * 
Rev. Mr. Greene ♦ ♦ * came forward, filled to overflowing with patri- 
otism, and offered his services as chaplain, and said he would shoulder a 
musket if necessary. Mr. Greene spoke for about an hour and was fre- 
quently applauded. He showed himself a patriot, a true American. Mr. 
Edwin Graves was called for, and after making a few remarks presented a 
United States enlistment roll and amid the most deafening applause signed 
his name thereto. He then called upon others to follow his example, and 
before 12 o'clock the call was responded to by sixteen good men and true — 
the town's entire quota. * * ♦ Three cheers were given each man as they 
si^ed the roll, and hearty cheers they were. too. Thus did old Hatfield 
raise her quota, and noble men they arc, and God bless them, is all we can 
utter. The music for this occasion was furnished by the Hatfield cornet 

From the Gazette of July 29: — 

"Hatfield. — You have doubtloss !>coii informed of tlie result of the meet- 
ing of last Friday eveninj? for enlisting the quota of sixteen men, which 
were rapidly obtained, and twelve more were ready to go had the quota 
required. The Sabbath nif)rnin^ following Rov. Mr. Greene announced that 
he would preach in the afternoon, with particular reference to those. ^Vv^ 



had enlisted, and it is to be regretted that the weather prevented man; 
from being there. The appropriate hymn for such an occasion, 'America.' 
was sung by the congregation, followed by a most earnest prayer in behalf 
of our rulers, our officers and men in the army, and particularly for those 
about to leave their homes and its influence for camp life with its trials, 
hardships and dangers ; the earnestness and feeling with which they were 
borne to the throne of grace caused many a moist eye in the house. The 
sermon was from the tcxi, 'Be strong and of good courage, and I will be 

with thee.' • • • Slavery was briefly but pointedly alluded to as being 
the prime cause of the rebellion, which has been undermining the verj 
foundation of our governnicui, suffering the best interests of the nation, 
and tending to destroy public institutions of learning, and to do away wift 
civil liberty and freedom, and those who go to do battle for our countrj, 
right and libcrt}', should have in mind that their work is hut partly finished 
unless this blighting curse of our nation is crushed and destroyed. • • * 
His closing remarks to those who had enlisted were earnest and touching. 
Seldom do we listen to a sermon of such deep earnestness, combined with 
such tender feeling." 

Hatfield had otiier citizens of pronounced anti-slavery 
views, one of the most prominent of whom was Charles 


Morris Billings. His house was one of the stations of the 
"underground railway" before the war, and fugitive slaves 
were harbored by him till they could be sent on to their 

A letter in another part of the Gasette of July 29, 1862, 
says : — 

"The patriotic ladies of Hatfield have sent the following articles to 
Washington : 128 sheets, 82 shirts, 24 burial sheets, 153 pillowcases, 154 
tow^els, 20 handkerchiefs, 15 bedticks, 43 pillows, 1 bed quilt, 2 pairs socks 
and bundles of cotton and linen pieces." 

Within a month came a call for the enlistment of another 
regiment for service for nine months, in addition to the 
volunteers who had previously gone singing, **We are com- 
ing, Father Abraham, with three hundred thousand more." 
For this regiment, the 52d, Hatfield furnished twenty-four 

A letter signed by "Rally'' in the Gazette of August 26, tells 
of the enlistment of men for the 52d regiment : — 

"Hatfield. — At a mass meeting held in the Town Hall last Thursday 
evening old Hatfield once more showed her patriotism by filling her last 
quota of men before any other town in old Hampshire, and she stands 
ready to do it again. The following resolutions were passed: — 

" 'Resolved, that in the opinion of this meeting it is the duty of our 
government and the army to faithfully carry out the spirit and letters of the 
confiscation and emancipation acts. 

" 'Resolved, that we appreciate the kindness of the Rev. J. M. Greene, our 
pastor, in offering his services as Chaplain and that we as citizens and 
volunteers of Hatfield will use our influence in procuring his appointment 
as Chaplain in whatever regiment our volunteers shall be assigned to.' 

"Short speeches were made by Geo. W. Hubbard, Geo. W. Waite and 
Wm. B. Coleman. Mr. C. in closing his remarks invited all who would 
respond to the next call to take a position upon the stage. In response to 
this challenge twenty men stepped beside Mr. Coleman and pledged them- 
selves to go at the next call. Hatfield sees no draft, and she never will, 
until the militia roll is entirely exhausted." 

On the 22d of September about 200 of the townspeople 
gathered to give these volunteers a farewell supper. Fol- 
lowing the supper was a presentation of a sword, sash, belt, 
and pistol to Lieut. H. P. Billings by Rev. J. L. Morton, in 
the following words: — 

"Lieutenant Billings, I am detailed by a few of your friends to perform 
a most pleasing military duty. I have for an hour to-night, laid aside the 
inky implement of my profession, for it is only in 'piping times of peace' 
tfiat 'the pen is mightier than the sword,' and this is the day of the sword's 

"You and your twenty-two compatriots, the prime and pride of t\\^ 
manhood of our town, have enrolled yourselves among iVve *\XvTet \v\xcv^^^^ 


thousand more' whom your blended voices have just now — as often before, 
in the still evening air of our quiet village — told Tather Abraham' he might 
soon expect along. 

"Your comrades in arms have chosen that you should bear before them 
this symbol of honor and authority. A few of your friends desire— ere you 
depart from scenes made delightful by a thousand associations — to express 
their confidence in your valor and their appreciation of your worth, beg 
you to accept as a slight token of the same this sword and the equipment 
pertaining to it. 

"They believe you as true as this blade, and that like it your heart is 
steel against the cries of the traitors you go to fight; that like it, too, your 
sympathies will bend to the sufferings of the noble boys who go with you. 

"Take the sword, Lieutenant, and never let it be dishonored; bear it 
always in the front rank of danger, and tarnish its brightness only with 
rebel blood. If you ever come home, be sure and bring it with you, that 
you may transmit it, an honored relic of some well fought field, to pos- 
terity. ♦ * * 

"May God bless you, Lieutenant, and the brave fellows who go with you. 
* * * Be mindful of the prayers — aye, fervent and tearful prayers, which 
every morning and evening will ascend for you from these fireside altars, 
and from many lonely and loving hearts." 

The regiment was in camp at Camp Miller at Greenfield 
about two months and was visited frequently by the friends 
and relatives from the near-by towns. A letter from the 
camp to the Gazette says: — 

"The Hatfield boys still abound in good things. * * ♦ They have a 
large table which they set at meal time in front of their tent and it is daily 
loaded with articles which plainly indicate the quality of their good mothers 
at home, while the many elegant bouquets which adorn the interior of their 
tent, attest the still glowing affection of 'the girl I left behind me.' " 

Under date of Oct. 28, 1862, tha Gazette said: — 

"Old Hatfield is bound to be ahead in whatever she undertakes, whether 
it be fattening cattle or raising men for the purpose of crushing out the 
rebellion. Her first men are in the gallant 10th, whose name will forever 
shine upon the pages of history. She has also sons in many of the regi- 
ments formed in the eastern as well as in every regiment raised in west 
part of state. The number of 3 years men raised is 54; the number of 9 
months men is 24; making a grand total of 78 men sent from a little village 
whose enrolled militia numbers but 150 including exempts. She has also 
raised about $8,000 for their support, $5,000 of which was paid as a bounty 
to the volunteers, and the remainder was for the relief of the sick and 

The first Hatfield man to lay down his life for the cause 
was Elbridge D. Clifford, a member of Co. I, 21st Regiment, 
who was wounded in the neck at the time of Pope's defeat 
in Virginia, in August, 1862. He walked fifteen miles to 
overtake his regiment, but became exhausted and was placed 
in a hospital, where he died. 

It is no part of the scope of this history to give details 
of the four years' conflict. The campaigns in which the 
Hat field soldiers took part are (viUy described in the "Regi- 


mental" and "Corps" histories, of which several excellent 
ones have been published, and in other books upon the war. 
In spite of the prediction of the letter given above, the 
dreaded drafts did come. In the summer of 1863 two were 
made, in June and July. The drafts were extremely unpop- 
ular, especially among the foreign born population and, after 
the New York and Boston riots, an outbreak was feared in 
Hatfield. No demonstration was made, however, but it was 
an anxious time for the town officials. A large number of 
si>ecial deputies were sworn in who patrolled portions of the 
town. Several men who were drafted secured substitutes 
and the town offered high bounties, in some cases as much 
as $1,000, for soldiers to take the places of those who were 
drafted for service. 



Killed in Battle. 

Abbott, Tames H., Sergeant, Co. C, 10th Mass. Inf., Spottsylvania. 

Waite, William R., Co. B. 30tji Mass. Inf., Petersburg. 

Field, John W., Sergeant, Co. F, 37th Mass. Inf., Battle of the Wilderness. 

Died of Wounds. 

Harris, Judson W., Corporal, Co. G, 10th Mass. Inf., Alexandria, Va. 

Clifford, Elbridge G., Co. I, 21st Mass. Inf., 2d Battle of Bull Run. 

Richards, John, Co. G, 27th Mass. Inf.. Cold Harbor. 

Clark, Wells,. Co. G, 31 st Mass. Inf., New Orleans. 

Graves, Edwin, Sergeant, Co. F, 37th Mass. Inf., Battle of the Wilderness. 

Covell, Elihu, Co. F, 37th Mass. Inf., Gettysburg. 

Vining, John H., Co. F. 37th Mass. Inf., Cold Harbor. 
Bennett, Fernando B., Sergeant.Co. K, 52d Mass. Inf., Port Hudson. 

Hoare, James, Co. D, 22d Mass. Inf., Alexandria, Va. 

McCue, James, Co. H, 22d Mass. Inf., Battle of the Wilderness. 

Hawkins, Lorenzo D., Co. B, 21st Mass. Inf., Fredericksburg. 

Died in Prison. 

Kleastner, Frederick, Co. A, 27th Mass. Inf., Andersonville. 

Richards, Joseph, Co. G, 27th Mass. Inf., Andersonville. 

Died of Disease. 

Bolack, Anthony, Co. B, 31st Mass. Inf., Brashe City, La. 

Dennis, Alonzo, Co. B, 31st Mass. Inf., Fort Jackson, La. 

Anderson, Ebenezer, Co. K, S2d Mass. Inf., Baton Rouge, La. 

Dickinson, Henry A., Co. K, S2d Mass. Inf., Baton Rouge, La. 

Frary, Thomas, Jr., Co. D, 27th Mass. Inf., Morehead City, N. C. 

Hathaway, Alpheus H., Co. C. 31st Mass. Inf., New Orleans, La. 

Waite, Charles P., Co. F, 37th Mass. Inf., White Oak Church, Va. 

Hennessy, Michael, Co. K, 21st Mass. Inf., 

Survivors at the Close of the War. 

Warner, Jonathan D., Company D, 10th Mass. Infantry. 

Warner, George, Company A, 10th Mass. Infantry. 



Bardwell. Charles L., 

Evans. Charles W., 

Morton, Dwight. 

T'liffer, Thomaft, 

Babcock, Charles t., Sergeant, 

Marrisscw. Patrick, 

Billings, Jo;eph. Sergeant, 

Bard well. Henry F., Sergeant, 

Cowles, Edward C, 

Abbott, Richard B., 

Abbott. Lyman B., 

Schaeffer, Simon, 

Hitchcock, Henry M., 

Strong, Dwight S,, Musician, 

Sweet, Cordan, 

Morse, Alden F., 

Eaton, William H., Corporal, 

Smith, Obadiah, 

Graves. Dwight M., 2d Lieutenant, 

Covell, Emerson L., Sergeant, 

Covell. Calvin N., 

Curtis. David B., 

Hubbard. Charles E., 

King, Jerome E., 

Seitz. Lorenie, 

Vining Oliver S., 

Warner, Oliver, 

Field, Henry H.. Corporal, 

Chaffin, Lysandcr, 

Champney. William A., 

Billings. Henry P.. 2d Lieutenant, 

Abels. Dwight G.. 

Anderson, Henrv F., 

Bardwell, Caleb D., Sergeant, 

Beck. John. 

Bristol, Lambert J., 

Brown, Jeremiah, 

Chandler, George, 

Cooley, Myron D.. 

Cooley, Whitney F., 

Cowles, Augustus D., 

Doane, John E„ Sergeant, 

DiiBmOre, .Aiviii D., 

Field. Ludiis, 

tblle Alonzo. 

Ktngsley. Selh W., 

Marsh, George L., 

Morion, Josiah L., 

Morton, Charles K., Corporal, 

Strong. Alvin L., 

Waite. John E.. 

Wi'lls. Daniel W„ 

Rutgers, Lewis, 

Slica, James. 

Itidrsv <"> 

Hniis^vini. J^>hn H., 

Rli;.s. George W., 

Avcrill. Phik-lus, 

Whito. I-:hcn.' 

Svkts. Li-wis. 

Carter, Telcr, 

Lynch. James. 

0'Sii»iv.iri, Jeremiah." 

Company C, 10th Mass. Infantry. 

Company C, 10th Mass. Infantry. 

Company G, 10th Mass. Infantry. 

Company B, 21st Mass. Infantry. 

Company I, 21st Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 24lh Mass. Infantry. 

Company K. 25th Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 25th Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 2Sth Mass, Infantry. 

Company A, 27th Mass. Infantry. 

Company A, 27th Mass. Infantry. 

Company A, 27th Mass. Infantry. 

Company A, 27th Mass. Infantry. 
27th Mass. Infantry. 

Company A, 27th Mass. Infantry. 

Company A. 27th Mass. Infantiy. 

Company D, 30th Mass. Infantry. 

Company G. 31st Mass. Infantry. 

Company B, 32d Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37^1 Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company F, 37th Mass. Infantry. 

Company C, 37th Mass. Infantry- 
Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass, Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. !nfantr>-. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, 52d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K. S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company K, S2d Mass. Infantry. 

Company C, 57th Mass. Infantry. 

Company E, S7th Mass. Infantry. 

Company C, S8th Mass. Infantry. 

Veteran Reserve Corps. 

R«[ular .Army. 

Berden's Sharp^ihoowrv 

Berden's Sharpshrxiiers. 

1st Conn. Artiller>-. 

2d Mas*. Infantry. 

Company H, 2d Mass. Infantry. 

2d Heavy Artillery. 


Evans, Frederick,* 2d Heavy Artillery 

Stutton, Alva A.,* Company E, 4th Cavalry 

Jebo, Luke,* Company E, 4th Cavalry 

Wemit, Francis,* Company E, 4th Cavalry 

Hooker, Christopher D.,* Company G, 4th Cavalry 

Hooker, William H.,* Company G, 4th Cavalry 

Rogers, E. Raymond,* 2d Cavalry 

Baldwin, William,* 2d Cavalry 

Burke, Michael,* 30th Mass. Infantry 

Halligan, James,* 27th Mass. Infantry 

Those marked thus * were non-residents, hired to take the places of those 
drafted or to fill required quotas. 



(All of these were non-residents, hired to fill quotas.) 

Chipman, George C, Acting Master's Mate, 1863, Ship Maratanso. 

Canon, William E., Acting Master's Mate, 1863, Ship Princess Royal. 

Chase, S. Warren, Acting Master's Mate, 1863, Ship Tuscarora and Po- 
tomac Flotilla. 

Crosby, James E., Acting Master's Mate, 1863, Ship Honduras. 

Laighton, Mathew, ^ Seaman, 1864, Ship Circassian. 

Ludienbauch, Francis, ' Seaman, 1864. 

Long, William, Seaman, 1864. 

Murphy, Jeremiah, Seaman, 1861, Ship Minnesota. 

Messer, James, Seaman, 1861, Ship Minnesota. 

Murphy, Thomas, Seaman, 1861, Ship Minnesota. 

Pease, William R., Acting Master's Mate, 1862, Ship C. W. Blout. 

Pease, John N., Acting Master's Mate, 1862, Ship Canandaigua. 

Shea, James, 1864. 


A PERIOD OF CHANGES, 1865-1910. 

" Whate'er of good the old time had 
Remains to make our own time glad." 

Changes in the population. — The tobacco and onion industries. — Livestock. 
— The creamery. — Horses. — Manufactures. — Caleb Cooley Dickinson. — Samuel 
H. Dickinson. — Memorial Hall. — The Public Library. — ^The Village Improve- 
ment Society. — Highway improvement. — Street lighting. — Water supply. — 
Sewers. — The trolley road. — The growth of 250 years. — Rev. Robert M. 
Woods, D. D. 

The period since the close of the Civil war has seen more 
changes than any other period of Hatfield's history. The pop- 
ulation, which was 1,600 in 1875, steadily declined from that 
time till 1900 and since the beginning of the present century 
has steadily risen. Most of the increase has been due to 
the influx of people from southern Europe, chiefly Poles 
from Austria and Russia, till the old town has become 
exceedingly cosmopolitan for a quiet farming community. 
Bohemians, Slovaks, and Lithuanians are also numbered 
among the inhabitants and English is the native tongue 
of scarcely two thirds of the people. Though entirely unac- 
quainted with free institutions of government and differing 
far more from the native stock in social customs than other 
immigrants, these new arrivals are possessed of the same 
industry and thrift that have characterized Hatfield settlers 
of every generation, of whatever race or creed. For the 
most part they have been peaceful and law-abiding. None 
have as yet taken upon themselves the duties of citizenship, 
though many have acquired property and become permanent 

Great changes have also come over the industrial life. 
The use of machinery has revolutionized farm operations. 
Mowing machines were not used till about 1857. The to- 
bacco industry has grown till over 1,500 acres are devoted 
to thnt crop and large packing houses give employment in 


winter to all the men who work on the farms in the summer 
time. Among the larger growers of tobacco, having from 
20 to 30 acres each, are F. H. Bardwell. \V. H. Belden, L. A. 
and S. F. Billings, P. T. Boyle, A. H. Graves, Thaddeus 
Graves, F, P. Jones, G. E. Morton, B. M. Warner, and the 
Whalen brothers. Tobacco warehouses and assorting shops 
are operated by Oscar Belden & Sons, R. L. Belden, G. A. 
Billings, Roswell Billings, M. W. Boyle, P. T. Boyle, Jacob 
Carl, J. L. Day, A. H. Graves, Thaddeus Graves, F. P. 
Jones, J. W. Kiley, John McHugh. Jr., H. \V. Marsh, G. E. 
Morton, L. L. Pease, L. R. Swift, and C. L. Warner. 

Onions have become an important crop, to which a con- 
stantly increasing acreage is devoted and between five and 
six hundred carloads are shipped annually. Two large 

Ax Onion Storags Waiehouse. 

storage warehouses have been built, one at the station at 
North Hatfield, owned by the Sunderland Onion and Fer- 
tilizer Company, the other on the farm of Oscar Belden & 
Sons at Bradstreet, This building is of hollow concrete 
blocks with a five-inch dead air space through the entire 
wall and double shutters, inside and out, at the ventilating 
windows. It is 120 feet long and 60 feet wide, with a shed 
extension on the east side, and has a capacity of 35.000 
bushels of onions. It was built in 1909 at a cost of $10,000, 
the first structure of the kind in New England for storage 
purposes. The firm, which is composed of Oscav Ss.l'i^'cv, 


George S. Belden, and Oscar E. Belden, raises nearly 70 
acres of onions each year. 

The live stock industry, once so prominent, has declined 
almost to the point of passing away. Not many cattle are 
fattened now and rarely are sheep kept. A few of the 
farmers in the north part of the town produce milk to supply 
the Boston market. The cattle industry, however, was of 
considerable importance till the '80's. In 1878 a creamery 
was established which did a prosperous business for about 
eight years. It was in the house now owned and occupied 
by George SaflFer. The managers were Webster A. Pease, 
John W. Jackson, and Nathaniel T. Abels, in order. Jon- 
athan D. Porter was president of the company and Joseph 
S. Wells secretary. 

The business of breeding horses has occupied the atten- 
tion of some of the Hatfield farmers duning the last half 
century. Alfred H. Graves and his son, Murray B. Grnves, 
conducted a stock farm for several years. William C 
Dickinson gave much of his time to this part of his bttsiness 
and since his decease the Connecticut Valley Stock iFkrm 
has been operated by Barnabas Fralic. Electmont, 2^^%, 
was bought by Mr. Dickinson from C. J. Hamlin of Village 
Farm in East Aurora, N. Y. He has sired Lady SeiJsldn, 
2.0634, Doddie K., 2.13^^, Sidney Carton, 2.10, Electrine (3 
year old), 2.28, and Snip, 2.28. Another noted .stallion 
owned by this farm is Earl of Chatham by Bingen. 

During the period under consideration important man- 
ufacturing industries have grown up, which are treated in 
a chapter in Part H. 

One of the most striking features of the last half century 
is the number of large fortunes accumulated by Hatfield 
citizens which have been devoted to educational and charit- 
able foundations. The gifts of the Smith family receive 
special attention in Part H. Two of the other public bene- 
factors have borne the name of Dickinson, both descendants 
of the first settler, Nathaniel Dickinson. 

Caleb Cooley Dickinson, son of Aaron and Experience 

(Phelps) Dickinson, was born at Hatfield, Nov. 25, 1804, 

and died unmarried Sept. 16, 1882. He was a prosperous 

farmer, conducting the old homestead in company w^th his 

brother, Aaron. He leit the bv\\k o( his fortune of $97,000 to 


found Dickinson Hospital in Northampton in the interests of 
the towns of Northampton, Hatfield, and Whately. 

Samuel Huntington Dickinson was born in Hatfield, Jan. 
28, 1816, the son of Solomon and Hannah (Huntington) 
Dickinson. He was never married. He was educated in 
the public schools of Hatfield and in Greenfield Academy. 
Then he entered Amherst College, but was obliged to leave 
5n account of delicate health. He inherited a large fortune 
:rom his father and was himself a successful farmer and 

ortunate in his investments. He died April 6. 1897, and 
lis estate inventoried at $97,000. After legacies to friends, 
or he survived all near relatives, the will devoted about 
580,000 to the American Bible Society, the American Home 
Missionary Society, and the American Board of Commis- 
iioners for Foreign Missions. Before his death he gave 
514,000 for the construction of a Memorial building in Hat- 
ield. in the construction of which he was greatly interested. 
The Dickinson Memorial Hall was built in 1892-93 and 
ledicated on Memorial Day in 1894. The exercises took 
>lace in the Congregational church in the aUetuoow, v'^^- 


sided over by William H. Dickinson. The building was 
presented to the town in behalf of the donor by Samuel P. 
Billings, a lifelong associate of Mr. Dickinson, and the 
response for the town was made by Daniel W. Wells. On 
the walls of the entrance hall bronze tablets contain the 
names of Hatfield soldiers who served in the Revolutionary 
and Civil wars. In a room at the north, where are exhibited 
the historical collections and relics, is a bronze tablet with 
the letter of Benjamin Waite telling of the success of his 
mission to Canada to ransom the captives. Another room 
on the first floor is the office of town clerk. In this room 
are placed the town archives in safes and the public docu- 
ments printed by the state. The whole upper floor is 
devoted to the use of the public library. The building is of 
fireproof construction, of brick with steel beams and tile 

The Hatfield Public Library now contains about 7,000 
volumes. A social library was started as early as 1806, the 
funds being raised by subscription. It was a circulating 
library and the headquarters were for a long time the house 
of Roswell Billings, now the home of David Billings. In 
1860 Sophia Smith gave $500 for the purchase of books. 
The library was then located in a room over the store kept 
by David F. Wells, where J. T. Burke's residence is, and 
was used in connection with the Young Men's Christian 
Association. The farmers of the town had by cooperation 
secured quite an extensive agricultural library. In 1873 the 
town made its first appropriation for library purposes and a 
room on the lower floor of the Academy building was set 
aside for the books of the combined associations, the library 
being made free. John H. Sanderson was for a long time 
librarian. He died in 1904. The library was then for short 
periods in charge of Miss Marian C. Billings, Miss Louise 
Billings, Miss Ruby Bardwell, and Miss Margaret Allaire. 
The present librarian, Dr. Chester M. Barton, began his 
duties in 1905. 

Other public structures that have been built since the 
Civil war are Smith Academy, 1872; the brick schoolhouses, 
1869-74: the West Hatfield'chapel. 1889; and St. Joseph's 
church, 1892. 

A Village, or Rural, Improvemeut Society was started in 


1885 with these objects: "to cultivate public spirit, quicken 
the social and intellectual life of the people, promote good 
fellowship, and secure public health by better hygienic con- 
ditions in our houses and surroundings, improve our streets, 
roads and public grounds, sidewalks, and in general to build 
up and beautify the whole town, and thus enhance the 
value of its real estate and render Hatfield a still more invit- 
ing place of residence/' One of the moving spirits of this 
organization was Eli A. Hubbard, a member of the state 
Board of Education, who was always interested in the wel- 
fare of the town in which he spent the latter part of his life. 
He was a descendant of one of Hatfield's early settlers. He 
was the first president of the Society. Rev. Robert M. 
Woods was vice-president till his death in 1909. 

Much improvement in the appearance of the streets and 
grounds has been made under the direction of the Village 
Improvement Society. Fences have been removed and the 
lawns receive better care, trees have been set out, the ceme- 
teries are kept in good order, and in every way the resi- 
dents are encouraged to beautify their places. 

The town has expended in recent years large sums of 
money in improving the condition of the highways. Every 
year sees some permanent roads of stone or gravel con- 
structed, and gravel or concrete sidewalks are being rapidly 

A beginning of street lighting was made about 1890, 
when lamp posts were erected at intervals along several of 
the streets in the center of the village and the lamps were 
lit and cared for by property owners on whose places they 
were located. In 1901 an acetylene gas plant was built for 
lighting the Congregational church. The plant was re- 
moved to Prospect Street in 1903 and greatly enlarged, 
giving service to many private houses and shops, and a con- 
tract was entered into in 1904 with the town for lighting 
the public streets where the gas mains ran. The stock of 
the Hatfield Gas Company was subscribed for chiefly by 
Hatfield capitalists. The Massachusetts Lighting Com- 
panies secured control of the company in 1909. Electric 
lights were made possible by the extension of the system 
of the Amherst Gas Company in 1907 and the next year they 
began to light the streets by electricity, ex^l^w^\\\^ >JekfcSx 


system farther than was possible for the local company to 
carry the acetylene light. 

An excellent water supply was secured by the town in 
1896 from Running Gutter brook, a never failing source of 
supply, situated within the town limits. Water is carried 
to all parts of the town and the pressure is sufficient for 
adequate fire protection. There are six organized fire com- 
panies of volunteers. The watershed around the brook and 
reservoir is protected by ownership by the town of the forest 
lands on both sides of the brook to its source, forty acres 
in all. The system was built and is operated by the town. 
Bonds were issued for construction to the amount of $50,- 
000, to be paid for from a sinking fund at the end of thirty 
years. The sinking fund in 1910 amounted to $14,735. 
The report of the Water Commissioners for the year ending 
March 1, 1910, showed that there were then 326 connections 
with private property, 90 hydrants, 5 water tanks, and water 
supplied to 5 schoolhouses and to Memorial Hall. It was 
voted at the March meeting in 1910 to put the water also 
in the town hall. The total cost of construction to that 
date was $56,485; 18,781 feet of 8-inch pipe, 46,786 feet of 
6-inch pipe, 32,596 feet of 4-inch pipe, and 13,048 of 2-inch 
or smaller. 

The trolley road, built by the Connecticut Valley Street 
Railway Company, was opened between Northampton and 
Hatfield in 1900 and to Greenfield in 1903. This was a 
great accommodation to the people of the Center village and 
Bradstreet, who were before two miles from a railroad. 

The first public sewer was built in 1904, draining the 
upper part of Main Street and emptying into the Connecti- 
cut river. The main trunk line was laid through Bridge Lane 
to the river in 1907, with branches on Main and Maple 
streets. The sewer system is being gradually extended. 

And so from the little group of a half dozen houses built 
two hundred and fifty years ago the town has grown till 
340 houses are required to shelter its inhabitants, who num- 
ber 2,000. The estates of all the inhabitants together the 
year of incorporation were probably not in excess of £30,000. 
while the assessors in 1909 reported the total assessed val- 
uation at $1,326,842; real estate. $1,113,203; personal, $213.- 
639: with $97,860 exempt (rom taxation. The changes 


wrought by passing years have been recorded. One thing 
remains the same. The town meeting has stood the test of 
time and is still the cherished institution of a self-reliant, 
self-governing people. Varied as have been the changes in 
the government of state and nation the people meet to order 
their local affairs as they have from the beginning and each 
man has his say. 

In this brief narration of the happenings of the past much 
mention has been made of the services of the leading cit- 
izens. It cannot more fittingly close than with a tribute to 
a man whose influence has been second to none in securing 
that harmonious cooperation that at all times has united 
Hatfield people. The pastorate of Rev. Robert M. Woods 
was among the long ones that have been a marked charac- 
teristic of the church in Hatfield. Though "things ecclesi- 
astical and civiT' had long been separated when he began 
his ministry he looked upon the whole town as his parish, 
its interests in all directions were his interests, his influence 
was wide. In a memorial address delivered in the Congre- 
gational church, Nov. 28, 1909, Pres. L. Clarke Seelye, D.D., 
of Smith College said of him : — 

"In November, 1876, he was engaged by this church as a stated supply for 
one year. His services were so acceptable that he received, before the year 
was over, a unanimous call to become its settled pastor, and he was installed 
as pastor of the church in November, 1877, completing at his death last June 
a pastorate of nearly thirty-three years. It was my privilege to preach his 
installation sermon and my text then — *It is not ye that speak but the spirit 
of your Father that speaketh in you' — was illustrated in his future ministry. 
In him was realized the old-time ideal of the New England minister, — the 
foremost citizen in ecclesiastical and civic affairs. He was truly the Bishop 
of Hatfield in the primal sense of the word, so controlling and pervasive was 
his oversight, and so respected and trusted was his personality. Men saw 
reproduced in him the type of country parson immortalized in the archaic 
words of one of our greatest English poets. 

" *Wyd was his parisch, and houses fer asondur, 
But he ne lafte not for reyne ne thondur, 
In siknesse ne in meschief to visite 
The ferrest in his parissche, moche and lite, 
Uppon his feet, and in his hond a staf. 
This noble ensample unto his schcep he gaf. 
That ferst he wroughte. and after that he taughte. 
Out of the gospel he the wordes caughte, 
And this figure he added yit therto, 
That if gold ruste, what schulde yrcn doo?' 

"Your minister also practiced the gospel which he preached, — striving 
faithfully to follow the example of his Master who went about doing good. 

**No inhabitant of the town was beyond the reach of his friendly aid and 
sympathy. In his ministrations he recognized no distinctions of soc\^\ coyv<\\- 


lions. The poor, the outcast, the victims of ignorance and intemperance as 
well as the prosperous and the learned found in him a friend whom thty 
could trust and a counselor whose advke was most helpful. The foreigneri 
who have come in recent years to Hatfield, so that now they form a lai^t 
and important element in its population, were especially sought out by him 
that he might bring them under Christian influence and help them to become 

good iiiiz<.-iis. If tliej- were Protestants, whatever may have been their p't- 
viou^ church connections, he sought to interest them in the church ^ 
Hatlield and to interest the church in them. They were persuaded to stnd 
their children to the Sunday School, and to place themselves under those 
influences which would help ihem to resist the temptations to evil which b«(l 
strangers in a strange land. With the Catholics of the town he was oa 
friciully terms. When they were numerous enough lo form a church of tlitif 


own peisuaaion, he was ready lo aid iheni li) establish it, believing it was 
I'ar beiier for them in the present divergence between Catholics and Protes- 
tants 10 have a church in which they could conscientiously worship than lo be 
wilhoMt church fellowship. Their priest he treated as a brother minister, 
Jnd he rejoiced to work with him to lessen the temptations to vice and to 
elcvMc the moral standards of the community, confidently expecting the time 
would come for which every true Christian prays, when the unhappy divi- 
sions which have long separated large bodies of Christians from each other 
wouM be jtmoved and the unity of Christian believers, for which Christ 
prayed, lai^t be reali»d. That unity his own catholic spirit did much to 
proinote. Although preferring himself the Congregational polity, he was not 
in 31)- sense a sectarian propagandist and was ready to hold fellowship with 
men, whttever might be their ecclesiastical preferences. Those who ditlcrcd 
i'om him soon lost sight of their differences in his presence. He was so 
rotisWerate and magnanimous in soirii. so free from intolerant bigotry or 
inilii»nt proKlytism. thai he speedily brought into spiritual union moat of 
those who became acquainted with him. Episcopalians, Baptists, Methodists, 
and the various representatives of other ecclesiastical denominations gladly 
nccfpl«t his ministry and were numbered among his parishioners. There was 
noaltcmpt to form another Protestant church of different polity during his- 
pastorate, and few cared to seek spiritual aid and counsel elsewhere. The 
longer he lived here, the more he was trusted and esteemed. Men recog- 
nised in him a man who was sincerely striving with all his mind and heart 
'!> promote righteousness by leading men lo love God and keep His com- 

"His influence was deeply felt outside of his professional work. Men 
ffspected and valued him as a loyal citizen, doing what he could by word 
utid deed to improve the social conditions of the community. Every move- 
ment for public betterment found in him an efficient helper. In town 
mectittg*, in the election of officials of the town, state or nation, in the 
conditiMs of the schools, of the roads, the water supply and every civic 
malice which affected the condition of the people, he was actively interested ; 
and wbi!e_ men sometimes differed from him m opinion, they never doubted 
ni5 sincerity or his personal integrity and uprightness. There was no trace 
if nypocrisy or double dealing about him. His course was straightforward 
on pohlic miestions and actuated ever by righteous and praiseworthy motives. 

'His public spirit was recognized bv his election as one of the presidential 
nrciors m the campaign of 1904. The breadth of his sympathy- and the 
fxtent of his influence may be seen somewhat in the important offices which 
"E wji called to fill. He was a trustee of Smith College, an overseer of the 
cnannble fund of Amherst College, a trustee and treasurer of Smith Acad- 
™y. a inisiee of the Cooley Dickinson Hospital at Northampton, and a 
corpOi^te member of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
•Elisions. In all these positions he won the respect and esteem of his 
associates by his practical sagacity and his unselfish efforts to advance the 
"iler«ti of the corporations which he served. His Alma Mater, Amherst 
'-"'Ifffe. gave him the degree of Doctor of Divinitv. as a deserved rccogmtion 
"1 m scholarship and his ministerial influence." 







Introductory Note. These sketches of Hatfield in the 
early part of the nineteenth century, with their interesting 
side lights on manners and customs, were written in 1880 
by Samuel D. Partridge, or rather by his wife at his dicta- 
tion, for he had then become blind. Few men have been 
better qualified for writing such a description. As a young 
man Mr. Partridge was elected to the office of town clerk 
and during the year he held office he copied the records 
of the first one hundred years, a work of great value to 
many who have had occasion to consult the old records 
for historical or genealogical information. His interest in 
his native town was continued till his death, though much 
of his active business life was passed in New York, and he 
delighted in spending his vacations among the scenes of his 
boyhood. Both Mr. and Mrs. Partridge died in Wisconsin, 
but are buried in Hatfield. 

It has long been a matter of regret with me, that I did 
not in my earlier days improve the opportunities which I 
had of obtaining information relative to my native town 
from those who were my ])re(lecessors by two generations. 
This reflection has had some influence in prompting me to 
write down what I remember of Hatfield as it was soon 
after the commencement of the present century. The popu- 
lation was then, according to my recollection, a little more 
than eight hundred, and these, with two exceptions, were 
descendants of the first settlers in Hadley and Hatfield. 
The exceptions were Henry Wilkie. who was made prisoner 
at the defeat of Burgoyne's army, and chose to t^vw^m \^\V^\ 


than return to Germany; the other was Michael Kelly, an 
Irishman, who lived on the Northampton road near the 
line, and remained but a few years when he removed to New 
York. There were two colored families living on the 
Northampton road, and three more living near the junction 
of the Williamsburg and Deerfield roads., 

Very few new highways for travel have been opened since 
those days. A county road through the North Meadow 
to West Farms and the Pantry road leading from Northamp- 
ton to Whately are all that have been made since my 

The boundaries of the town are unchanged except that 
when Williamsburg was set off, the line between the two 
towns was fixed with a proviso that certain farms lying 
west of the line should still remain a part of Hatfield, and 
the dwellers on those farms for a long series of years 
voted and were taxed in Hatfield, but, some thirty or 
forty years ago, they were annexed by an act of Legislature 
to the town of Williamsburg. A considerable portion of 
Haydenville was situated on one of these farms. 

In my earliest recollections I can recall but one school- 
house, and that a brick structure of about eighteen by 
sixteen feet, of one story and a gambrel roof, having two 
windows on the east side and one on the west side. These 
with one window on the south end lighted an upper room. 
The lower room had two windows on the east side, two 
at the south end, and one on the west side. The ceilings 
in each room, especially in the upper room, were very low. 
The building stood in the middle of the street about east 
from Deacon Partridge's house, the same now occupied by 
Otis Wells. In the winter a school for boys was kept in 
each of these rooms, the larger boys going into the upper 
room, which was entered by a staircase on the outside on 
the north end of the building. I do not think that at this 
period the town provided any instruction for girls, and all 
the boys in town who attended school in the winter were 
taught in these two rooms. I remember them as coming 
from "the Hill" and from "West Farms." One from West 
Farms is fixed in my memory, for, when reading in the 
"English Reader'* how "Genius darted like an eagle up the 
mountain," he read, he "darted like a pickerel up the moun- 


tain." The lower room was sufficiently uncomfortable, 
but the upper was so dark, so low and gloomy, that it is 
difficult to conceive how it could ever have been devoted 
to educational purposes; and yet a goodly number of men 
who have made intelligent and respectable citizens received 
no other schooling than this house afforded. Wood for the 
use of the schools was brought at sled length. It was chopped 
and split by the larger boys and carried in by the smaller 
boys. The fires in the morning were made by the scholars 
in turn, though sometimes the job was taken by some one 
boy for the ashes. Prayers were offered morning and 
evening, or dispensed with, at the option of the master. 
The first school exercise was always reading in the Bible by 
the oldest class. 

There was a girls' school kept in the house belonging to 
Oliver Smith, which stood near the site of the house belong- 
ing to the late Mrs. Joseph Smith. (I suppose this was a 
private school.) In 1813 it was taught by a Miss Childs. 
I recollect she had an "exhibition*' in the meetinghouse, 
when one of Hannah More's sacred dramas was enacted. 
Miss Almira Smith (afterward Mrs. S. F. Lyman of North- 
ampton) having the part of Pharaoh's daughter, and the 
baby, Moses, found by her in the bulrushes was George C. 
Partridge. A Mr. Barstow kept a girls' school in the 
same place, but I am unable to tell whether a little before, 
or a little after. Miss Childs, as I only remember him by an 
affray between some Democrats and Federalists which 
occurred in the bell tower of the meetinghouse, and in 
which Mr. Barstow participated. 

Party spirit ran very high in those days, worse than I 
have ever known it at any subsequent time; but this is the 
only occasion in which I remember a resort to blows. For 
many years it was a disturber of social life, — men, women, 
and children felt its evil influence. The Federalists would 
have their Thanksgiving ball in one place, while the Demo- 
crats had theirs in another; and even between near rela- 
tives of different party affiliations there was very little 
friendly intercourse. 

The town meetings — always opened by the minister by 
prayer — ^were held in the meetinghouse, one party taking 
the north side of the center aisle, the other the soutK. TVv^ 


contest was generally on the choice of a moderator, it being 
well understood that the party carrying that office would 
carry all others. 

The want of school privileges was in some degree supple- 
mented by the establishment of a "social library" about the 
year 1806 and even here the bitterness of party spirit was 
apparent, the original members being all Federalists. 

There was but one religious society, all parochial rights 
being vested in the town. The church organization was 
then just as it is now, but the legal voters of the town 
constituted the parish. Rev. Dr. Lyman, who was settled 
in 1772, was the minister when I was born, and continued 
so until I was grown to man's estate. His salary, if I 
recollect right, was £80, together with his fuel, and the use 
of the parish lands. This money was raised by a town tax, 
and collected just like any other tax. There was a law of 
the state requiring every man to attend divine service once 
in three months, though I never heard of its enforcement; 
but I recollect to have heard of one person who was said 
to go just enough to keep clear of the law. 

The meetinghouse stood in the middle of the street, 
perhaps twenty-five rods north of the brick schoolhouse. 
The pulpit was on the west side, and over it was a sounding 
board. It was entered by a staircase on the south side, 
and at the right of the staircase, in front of the pulpit, was 
the **Deacons' seat" and the communion table, while the 
galleries extended around the three other sides. There 
were two staircases leading to the galleries, one on the 
southeast, and the other on the northwest corners of the 
house, and over each of the staircases was a large square pew 
elevated above the others, and called the "high pews." The 
house below was divided into square pews by what was 
called the **broad aisle," running east and west through 
the middle of the building with tw^o narrow aisles, one at 
the north and one at the south of it. In addition to these 
there was one on each of the four sides of the house at the 
distance of the breadth of one pew from the walls, con- 
necting with the doors and with the stairs leading to 
the ])u]pit and the galleries. The building was entered by 
three doors, one on each of the north, south, and east sides. 
At the north end there was a tower built up from the 


ground to the belfry, surmounted by a tall spire on the top 
of which was fastened a weather vane in the shape of a 
brass rooster. The tower was entered by two doors, one 
on the north and the other on the east side. I think the 
bell bore the date of 1806. It was cracked some years ago 
and replaced by another. I have heard a great many other 
bells, but never one so sweet toned as that. 

The town always exercised the right of seating the 
meetinghouse; and when a reseating was deemed advisable, 
an article for that purpose was placed in the warrant, and 
if the vote was in the affirmative a committee was appointed 
to attend to the business and report to an adjourned meet- 
ing, when, if a majority was satisfied with the report, 
it was accepted. About three families were allotted to each 
pew as all the children except the smallest were expected to 
sit in the gallery; the girls in the north and the boys in the 
south, while the east gallery was divided between them. 
The front seats were occupied by the singers, — the "treble'' 
in the north, the "counter'' in the north half of the front 
seat in the east gallery, the "tenor" in the south half of the 
same seat, while the "bass" occupied the front seat in the 
south gallery. Behind the "singers' seats" were two rows 
of seats raised by successive steps, one higher than the 
other, where the children sat, and it was the dutv of the 
tything man to see that they behaved with propriety. Back 
of these seats, raised one step higher, was a row of square 
pews running all around the galleries. These were seated 
by the committee and were occupied by the young men and 
young women, the former on the south and the latter on the 
north side, while the east side was divided between them. 
The maiden ladies were seated in the north "high pew" 
before mentioned, while the bachelors were assigned the 
one on the south side. There was alwavs some dissatis- 
faction with the allotment of the seats, but much less than 
might reasonably l>e expected from the seating by such a 
method, as the seating below was supposed to have some 
reference to wealth and social position. I recollect one 
instance of a man who was seated bv the north door, who 
consoled himself by saying that it "was better to be a door- 
keeper in the house of the Lord, than to dwell with the 
wicked." and another young man who was seale^d \n\\\v \>no 


very old men remarked, that he "supposed the committee 
feared he would play in meeting." Theology and politics 
formed the subjects of conversation whenever people met 
at the store, the tavern, and at social gatherings. 

About fifty years ago the belfry and spire were taken 
down, the bell was transferred to a tower erected at the 
south end of the church, the pews were taken out and slips 
were substituted for them. The old high pulpit was removed, 
and a platform pulpit erected. Until this time no apparatus 
for warming the meetinghouse' had been used. In cold 
weather every family started out with a foot stove, and 
the minister stood up and preached in a heavy overcoat 
and thick gloves. The majority of the society now thought 
best to attempt making the room more comfortable. Ac- 
cordingly with great caution, many being opposed to stoves 
in the audience room, they placed two stoves in the porch 
at the south end of the building, running pipes through the 
partition and extending them to outlets at the north end. 
But the degree of heat thus obtained — though hardly per- 
ceptible — was intolerable to the minority, who to the 
number of about forty, under the leadership of the late Mr. 
Oliver Smith, "signed off" and left the society. 

In my early days no stoves were used in the dwelling 
houses either for warming or cooking. The baking was 
done in large brick ovens, or in a shallow, covered iron dish 
called a "bake kettle." The kitchen fireplace was very 
large, both broad and deep; and when the fire was kindled 
it consisted of a large "back log" on which was laid a smaller 
log called a "back stick." In front of these a large quantity 
of wood was placed resting on a pair of heavy andirons. In 
the houses more recently built the kitchen fireplace was 
furnished with a crane, but the older houses had only hooks 
and trammels hanging from a crossbar fastened some dis- 
tance up the chimney. For additional protection against 
the cold, in many families a "settle" was used. This was a 
bench some five or six feet long with a high back of closely 
fitting boards to be drawn up in front of the fire, where one 
could sit and not have one's back exposed to the cold air. 
In those days also, the clothing was not well adapted to 
protect from the cold, as neither men nor boys wore woolen 


under-garments, but relied chiefly upon heavy overcoats and 
camlet cloaks lined with thick green baize. 

In severe weather the sleeping rooms were intensely cold, 
but every family had a warming pan chiefly used by the 
aged and females; but a boy who should have his bed 
warmed was an object of derision among his fellows. 

The observance of the Sabbath was exceedingly strict; 
all unnecessary work ceasing at sunset on Saturday, on 
which evening, so far as I can recollect, it was the custom 
to have "hasty pudding'* and milk for supper. On the 
Sabbath everything like levity or mirth was severely 
frowned upon. In the afternoon of that day the children 
of the family were collected and instructed in the "West- 
minster Catechism.'' Sunday schools were unknown until 
a much later day. On the whole, with the best intentions 
on the part of their elders, the Sabbath was made to the 
children about as wearisome as it could be. But the 
moment the sun disappeared in the west, the Sabbath was 
over and the mirth and jollity which had been suppressed 
for twenty-four hours broke forth with little control. 

The custom referred to above of eating "hasty pudding'* 
for the Saturday evening supper, gave Northampton the 
name of "Pudding Town," and the Northampton people 
were called in derision "Puddingers." Middle Lane in Hat- 
field was called "Pudding Lane," but for what reason I do not 
know, nor do I know why the street to the north of it was 
called "Canada Lane." [It was the road leading north to 
Deerfield and thence to Canada.] 

It was an old custom after the crops had been gathered, 
to open the meadows for the use of the inhabitants gener- 
ally, all of whom were allowed to turn in their animals 
during the period of fourteen days. For this reason, as 
well as for the fact that cows were allowed to run at large 
at all times, it was necessary that the meadows should be 
fenced and gates kept up at the entrances. There was 
such a gate at a point a little south of the site now occupied 
by the house of Erastus Cowles, and I propose to begin here 
and going north give what I remember of each house and 
its inhabitants. 

Close by this gate on the west side of the road stood 
the house of Nathan Gearv. He came from the east^xw 


part of the state and was, I think, a shoemaker. He mar- 
ried the daughter of the elder Elisha Wait and had five 
sons and four daughters. The sons all emigrated, — the 
daughters all remained in town, — of whom Mrs. Polly 
Graves is the onlv survivor. 

The next house was owned and occupied by Gen. Isaac 
Maltby, who came from Connecticut, was a graduate of 
Yale College in 1786 and married a daughter of Seth Mur- 
ray, who, I am told, was the Murray alluded to in Trum- 
bulTs "McFingal.'' . His widow died since my memory. Mr. 
Maltby was a brigadier general of militia and was in com- 
mand of a brigade at Boston when Governor Strong, in the 
last war with Great Britain, called out the militia for the 
defense of that city. I remember when, on the discharge of 
^\ these troops. General Maltby, his son, Murray, Israel Bill- 
/ ings, and Moses Morton appeared at church on the Sabbath 
dressed in their regimentals, and offered a **note of thanks- 
giving to God for their safe return." The offering of a 
*'note of thanksgiving" after recovery from sickness, or 
deliverance from danger, was an old custom observed in 
those days; also the formal request of those who were suf- 
fering from recent bereavement that prayer might be offered 
for the sanctification of the event to the good of their souls; 
those who offered these requests always rising and standing 
in their place during the reading of the "note." General 
Maltby removed with his family to Waterloo, N. Y., where 
he died in 1819. 

The house now occupied by Samuel F. Billings is the 
same as that in which the Murrays and Maltbys lived, and 
consequently is pretty old. The lot on which it stands is 
the same with that which in the early settlement of the 
town was allotted to Richard Fellows. Robert Holmes, 
who came from Acworth, N. H., and succeeded Simeon 
Smith as toll-gather, also lived here and manufactured 
fanning mills. Lyman Bennett, whom I remember as a 
very worthy young man, learned that trade of Holmes, 
but afterwards removed to Troy, N. Y., where he accumu- 
lated a large fortune in the shirt and collar business. 

The next is the lot assigned to John Cowles, one of the 
first settlers of the town, and was, at my earliest recollec- 
t\on, occupied by Dea. Rufus Cowles, his descendant. None 


of his children emigrated. His eldest son, Augustus, died 
while a member of Yale College. He was one of the best 
young men I ever knew, and was of great promise, dying 
lamented by all who knew him. This is one of the two 
places in town still owned by descendants of the first 
occupant of the same name. The old house, which was 
torn down many years ago, faced the north as does the one 
now standing on the same site. It is probable that the 
first house built on the lot faced the east, about in the line 
of the house of Richard Fellows. These two. Fellows and 
Cowles, were probably the first residents on the **west side,'' 
and even then before the Main Street was laid out. On the 
east side of the lot, as I remember it, Cotton White had a 
blacksmith's shop, and a little south of that a carpenter's 

Across the road leading to **the Hill,'' was the lot 
originally allotted to Zachariah Field. At my earliest recol- 
lection Elijah, Moses, and Hannah Field, children of Medad 
Field, lived in a two-story house standing where Alpheus 
Cowles's house now stands. It then had the appearance 
of an old house. These three members of the Field family 
always lived in Hatfield, and died childless. 

The house standing on the southeast corner of the same 
lot was then occupied by Cotton White. I suppose that it 
was built by Jesse Billings. I have a dim recollection of 
a blacksmith's shop standing a little north of the house. 
I well remember that in the street at this point was a place 
which had been used for heating wagon tires. 

North of this was a one-story house which had been occu- 
pied by Moses Hitchcock for a store, but after the death of 
Capt. Israel Parsons was occupied by his widow and family 
until they left for Canada. The house was removed to the 
northeast corner of the Cowles lot, and was occupied suc- 
cessively by James Bucknani, David Chapman, and Horace 

The next house was owned and occupied by Capt. Israel 
Parsons, and after his death came into the possession of 
Col. Erastus Billings. The first two ministers of Hatfield, 
Mr. Atherton and Mr. Chauncey, lived on this place and 
Nathaniel Chauncey, the first graduate of Yale College, was 
born there. 


In the next house Mrs. Miriam Billings resided with her 
son, Roswell Billings, and his family. Her sister, Rebecca 
Dickinson, — familiarly known as "Aunt Beck,'* — lived with 
her. She was a very intelligent woman and her sayings 
were frequently repeated, she being regarded as a sort of 
oracle. A horse shed stood a few rods from the street 
south of the house ; and I think that either Capt. Silas 
Billings or his father, Zachary, kept a tavern on the place. 
The latter was connected with Col. Oliver Partridge's regi- 
ment, which was stationed near Lake George in the year 
1758, and was in the battle of Ticonderoga fought on July 
6th of the same year. 

The next was the house of Lieut. Samuel Partridge, my 
grandfather, who died in 1809. His wife was a daughter 
of Capt. Seth Dwight, who inherited this property from his 
father, Henry Dwight. My grandfather was a lieutenant 
in Col. William Williams's regiment in the French war, and 
was in the disastrous battle of Ticonderoga in 1758. He 
was also at the taking of Quebec and saw General Wolfe 
brought in mortally wounded. Seth Dwight, my great- 
grandfather, lived on this place in a house near the north- 
east corner of John A. Billings's lot about ten or twelve feet 
from the street, and its north side on the line between J. A. 
Billings and Otis Wells. At my earliest remembrance there 
was a building on this si>ot used as a currier's shop, and the 
cellar of this building was the same as that under the house 
of Seth Dwight and his father, Henry Dwight. On the 
southeast corner of this lot there was a building occupied 
as a store, — first, by Dwight & Partridge and afterwards by 
C. & S. Partridge. The house in which ijiy grandfather lived, 
(and in which I was born), stood between these two build- 
ings occupying the same site as the present house built 
by Mr. Billings; and was probably when pulled down about 
one hundred years old. C. & S. Partridge also carried on 
the tanning business, and their tan yard was directly south 
of the spot now occupied by Mr. J. A. Billings's tobacco 
barn. The store at this time was the only one in town, 
and a smaller proportion of the trade went abroad than in 
later years. 

They were licensed retailers of ardent spirits, but it must 
be remembered that the traffic in ardent spirits was then 


considered honorable ; indeed, public opinion and the laws of 
the Commonwealth required that it should be intrusted 
only to men of established character and integrity. The 
courts would not entertain an application for a license unless 
the good character and standing of the applicant were 
certified by the selectmen. Ardent spirits were used in 
every family from the highest to the lowest, — the minister 
not excepted. A flip-iron was considered as necessary an 
appendage to the chimney corner as the carving knife was 
to the table. Flip was a beverage which seems to have be- 
longed to that period, and that section of the country. A 
principal component was the small beer brewed by every 
family; to this was added rum and sugar with a flavoring 
of nutmeg, to which the finishing touch was given by plung- 
ing in the red hot iron. As I recall the delicious flavor 
of this compound, I cannot wonder that it was a general 
favorite with our fathers. This drink was more particularly 
used during the winter, and w^as considered indispensable 
on high social occasions, and its absence from a meeting 
of an association of ministers would have been unfavorably 
noticed. The first Monday in April was known among the 
juveniles as "Egg Pop day,'' and it will scarcely be believed 
by the present generation, that parents, and those, too, 
of as high moral standing as any in the community, could 
fit out their boys of eight or ten years with each a teacup 
of sugar, a half pint of rum, and six eggs to meet their play- 
mates, each one provided in the same manner, to spend 
the day in play and in drinking **Egg Pop''; yet, such was 
the custom. But it should in justice be stated that the 
drinking w-as under the supervision of some elderly person, 
and that luckily it only occurred once a year. 

It was the custom in some families to have liquor in 
some form passed around at eleven o'clock every morning, 
and a very general custom that all w^ho were at work in 
the field should be served with drink at that hour. It was 
not uncommon to hear this lunch called a "bever.'' This 
custom I have no doubt is very old and was brought from 
England by our ancestors, as the English had a lunch called 
by that name consisting mostly of drink, certainly as early 
as the time of Henry VII., and probably earlier, as the word 
indicates a Norman origin. 


Notwithstanding the general use of spirituous liquors, I 
think that drunkenness was no more prevalent then than 
now. In the first place the population was thoroughly Anglo- 
Saxon, — only men of good character could sell, and they 
would have forfeited their character by an indiscriminate 
or careless use of their license. The law authorized the 
selectmen to forbid the sale of spirits to such individuals 
as they might designate as unworthy the privilege of buying. 
Then, too, the article drank had little resemblance to the 
compound now used; in fact, I do not recollect any case of 
"delirium tremens" until a nuich later period than that of 
which I am now speaking. 

At this period also, there was no more suggestion nor 
suspicion of immorality in the sale of lottery tickets than 
there was in the sale of schoolbooks. If, for instance, 
a bridge was to be built across the Connecticut river, after 
having raised as much money as possible by individual 
subscriptions, the Legislature would be petitioned for Jeavc 
to raise the balance by lottery. In those days there were 
few rich men, and not all who were rich were public-spirUed, 
and there seemed to be no other way of accomplishing 
large undertakings: and it was never difficult to obtain for 
the managers of these lotteries men of tlie highest re- 

I will turn from this digression, I find that in 1753 Lient. 
Samuel Partridge bought of Capt. Seth Dwiglit the south- 
ern half of his homestead, and about twenty years Eater he 
bought the remaining half; and that still later he added to 
the north side two rods purchased of Isaac Graves, while 
to the south side he added one and one half rods by pur- 
chase from .Aaron Graves; thus, tlie old Dwight homestead 
was not so wide by three and one half rods as the two lots 
of John A. Billings and Otis Wells. The beautiful elm tree 
now stan<iing in front of this lot was set out by Josiah 
Dwight. son of Seth Dwight. about the year 1768. 

The house now occupied by Mr. Otis Wells was built by 
Dea. Cotton Partridge, and is now, I suppose, not far from 
ninety years old. He died in 1846. His children are scat- 
tered from the .\tlantic to the Pacific ocean, and from 
\'crmont to Xortli Carolina, and no descendant of Lieut. 
Samuel Partridge bearing his name is now living in Hat- 



field. When I last saw the homestead the buildings were 
the same, and occupied the same place which they did in 
my early childhood. 

The next house, on the site now occupied by Mrs C. M. 
Billings's house, was owned and occupied by Mr. Amasa 
\VelIs. the grandfather of Mr. Otis Wells. He was a man 
of such irreproachable life, and so highly esteemed and re- 
spected, that even the bitterest partisan never uttered a word 
against him. The house on the homestead was very old, 
and was called the oldest in town. It was two stories in 

The Ji 

height, with the second story projecting in front over the 
first, for purposes of defense against the Indians. I remem- 
ber being told while it was in the occupancy of Mr. Wells, 
that is, before he died, that it was one hundred and 
eleven years old: which, with the fact that it was built with 
reference to attacks by the Indians, leads me to conclude 
that it was built early in the eighteenth century. Mr. Wells 
was killed by a fall from the roof of this house. He left 
four sons, all of whom but Elisha emigrated. An only 
daughter, Hannah, married Jo.seph Smith, Jr., and lived and 
died in Hatfield. 


The next was the house of Capt. EHjah Smith, brother of 
OHver Smith, where he lived with three sons and one 
daughter, all of whom died in Hatfield. Another daughter 
was married to Dea. Joseph Billings, and one of the sons, 
Charles, was afterward married and left the homestead. 
The only material change which had taken place in the 
appearance of this homestead when I last saw^ it, was the 
loss of the large elm tree which stood in front of the house. 

The next house was the residence of the Rev. Dr. Lyman. 
This was an old house of two stories with a gambrel roof. 
A few rods south of the house there stood a large elm tree, 
which I am told was there, though quite small, at the time of 
his settlement in 1772, and consequently, if still standing, 
is more than a hundred years old. Near this tree was his 
study, a small building w^hich was purchased by Mr. Pliny 
Day about the time of his marriage, removed to the lot 
where Mrs. Silas Billings now lives, and became his dwell- 
ing house for a number of years. It w^as afterward removed 
to Mr. Rufus Cowles's lot and became one of his outbuild- 
ings. In the northeast corner of the front yard, on the line 
of the street, there was a small building erected by Jonathan 
H., son of Dr. Lyman, for a law office, and after he left 
town used by his father for a study. Some years after the 
death of Dr. Lyman, this building was removed up the 
street to a location between the house then occupied by 
Mr. Joseph Smith, Jr., and the Bardwell place; subsequently 
it was purchased by Daniel White and removed to his lot 
in Middle Lane, and finallv transferred from thence to the 
"Stone Pits," where I believe it now stands, though some- 
what changed in appearance. The house in which Dr. 
Lyman lived (before mentioned) was built and occupied by 
the Rev. Mr. Woodbridge, his immediate predecessor. The 
home lot, sixteen rods in width, was made up of two rods 
from the Eleazer Frary lot, John Graves's lot of twelve rods, 
and two rods of Isaac Graves's lot. 

The next object of interest was the old elm tree standing 
on Benjamin Smith's place, immediately on the street line. 
It had a large trunk, measuring, at the top of the fence, 
twenty-seven feet in circumference and about two feet from 
the ground its circumference was nearly forty feet. It was 
very old and there is a trad\t\ou that it exhibited signs of 



re when seen by the first settlers of the town. Mr. Jon- 
han Morton, brother of Perez Morton, told me forty or 
ty y^rs ago, and he was then an old man, that it seemed 
1 old tree as long ago as he could remember. I am told 
at its stump gave evidence of having stood there four 
indred years. 

A short distance north of the old elm tree, on the same 
le, there stood a small building which was known as 

iquire Smith's .store." though it never had a stock of goods 
ice my memory, and possibly may have stood there when 
r. Smith came into possession of the property. The 
veiling of Mr. Smith stood some twenty-five or 


thirty feet back from the street. It was a two-story gam- 
brel-roofed house handsomely finished inside, and had been 
in earlier days the residence of Col. Israel Williams by 
whom it was built. Colonel Williams was a son of the Rev. 
William Williams, a former minister of Hatfield, and a 
brother of Elisha Williams, the third president of Yale Col- 
lege. Colonel Williams previous to the Revolution was a 
man of large influence and filled important offices : but, 
espousing the wrong side, he lost both office and influence. 
He is alluded to in the couplet with Murray in TrumbulTs 
**McFingal." He was killed by falling down his cellar stairs 
in 1788. In the rear was an extension much older than the 
gambrel-roofed building in front, which was built by his 
father, the Rev. William Williams, the third minister of 
Hatfield. In my childhood the house was occupied by Mr. 
Benjamin Smith, his wife, and daughter, afterwards Mrs. 
Samuel F. Lyman of Northampton, and his bachelor 
brother, Mr. Oliver Smith. The lot owned by Benjamin 
Smith was sixteen rods in width, twelve rods of which com- 
prised the original allotment of Thomas Meekins, and four 
rods were the balance of Eleazer Frarv*s lot. The line 
between this and the Chapin Porter lot has never been 

Mr. Oliver Smith, mentioned alx)ve, was even then con- 
sidered a very rich man. When a boy wished himself as 
rich as Oliver Smith, he w^as supposed to wish for boundless 
wealth. Since he will be known to posterity as the founder 
of the *'Smith Charities," it may not be improper to notice 
some of his prominent characteristics. He had naturally a 
good mind with plenty of hard common sense, and was of u 
rather taciturn habit. He was honest in his dealings, intend- 
ing to claim no more than what rightfully belonged to 
him ; yet he managed to withhold the greater part of his 
property from taxation, thus adding to the burden of his 
townsmen. He possessed an imcommon judgment in busi- 
ness matters, so that his investments, so far as I know, 
were invariably successful. He was ambitious in a certain 
way, but his ani])ition was satisfied with being considered 
tlie richest man in that rej^^ion, and tlie leader of those with 
whom he associated. Among these associates, I am told, 
lie was irenial and often evinced a sense of humor. Al- 


though he had naturally a strong mind, yet his w-ant of edu- 
cation and the low estimate which he put upon education had 
the eflfect of making him very narrow-minded; so that his 
only standard of valuation was the result in dollars and cents. 
He always argued that a liberal education was a hindrance 
in a man's career, and carried statistics in his pocket which 
he would often read to enforce his argument and show 
that learning seldom helped a man to wealth. He was 
very penurious, spending little on himself and imparting 
little, to others. During the thirty years or more of my 
recollection of him, he wore the same overgarments; yet' 
by reason of a certain trimness and neatness, he always 
appeared respectably dressed. It does him no injustice to 
say that he was destitute of public spirit; and efforts to 
improve society either by a higher education or by religious 
teaching met with very little encouragement from him. On 
one occasion he gave fifty dollars to assist in building a 
schoolhouse at West Farms, and at another time he gave 
the same sum for a schoolhouse in West Brook; but few, 
if any, of his contemporaries supposed that his love for edu- 
cation prompted him to make these gifts. He also made a 
donation of fifty dollars to the Colonization Society, and for 
some years gave two dollars annually to the Bible Society. 
So far from being forward in raising money for the support 
of schools, if he favored any, it was always the smallest 
amount proposed; and he also claimed that it was unjust to 
tax him for the support of schools as he had no children. 

The next house was owned by Israel Dickinson, who 
occupied it with his wife and daughter. He was the son of 
EHhu Dickinson, and brother of William and Silas Dickin- 
son ; his wife was the daughter of Gen. Lemuel Dickinson, 
and his daughter subsequently became the wife of Rodol- 
phus Morton. Their son, George, was born much later. 
As Mrs. Dickinson was mv aunt, mv visits to the house 
began very early, so that I think I recollect its appearance 
seventy years ago. It had been painted red, but the paint 
was considerably worn off. It is the same house occupied 
by the late Moses C. Porter, by whom its appearance was 
materially altered. The two elm trees in front are some- 
what larger than they were seventy years ago, but their 
appearance is not greatly changed. [One of these trees is 


a hackberry.] Mr. and Mrs. Dickinson removed to Lock- 
port, N. Y.. many years ago, where they both died. Their 
son, George, returned to Hatfield, where he and his sister 
died. The daughter, Mrs. Morton, was a woman of uncom- 
mon intellectual powers and of a lovely disposition. She 
was a fine scholar and few young women of her day excelled 
her in mental culture. She engaged in teaching" at one 
time, and there are those now living who will never forget 
her gracious influence upon them in that capacity. She had 
the rare and happy faculty of calling out all that was best in 
her scholars, and her resignation as a teacher was felt to be a 
public loss. 

The house now occupied by Mr. Silas G. Hubbard was 
then occupied by Lieut. Rufus Smith and wife, and his son, 
John, and his family. Mr. John Smith's wife was a daugh- 
ter of Gen. Lemuel Dickinson. The house was of com- 
paratively recent structure. Mr. Smith and his wife and 
son died in Hatfield, but his son's widow with all the chil- 
dren who had not previously removed from town, went to 
Connecticut. Previous to the occupancy of Lieutenant 
Smith this place was occupied by Col. William Allis, the 
father of Dexter Allis and of Mrs. Jonathan Porter. It 
includes nearly the whole of two lots granted by Hadley to 
John Allis and Daniel White, Jr. 

The next house north was that of William Morton, which 
is the same with that now occupied by the widow of his son, 
Israel, by whom it was repaired and remodeled. As I re- 
member it, it was quite an old house; it might have been 
painted, but showed no trace of it. Mr. Morton lived here 
with his wife and a maiden sister, familiarly known as 
"Aunt Eunice." He had five sons and five daughters, all of 
whom lived and died in Hatfield, with the exception of one 
son and one (laughter. One of his sons, Pliny, was a sur- 
geon's mate in the United States navy, and died while on a 
visit at home. The first owner of this place was Obed 
Dickinson. It was then six rods in width; now it is ten 
rods, three rods coming from Silas G. Hubbard's and one 
from Cliapin Porter's. 

The ground now occupied by Smith Academy is the same 
as that originally allotted to Samuel Kellogg. The house 
which was removed to make room for the Academv, in earlv 


days was owned by the widow of Benjamin Morton, who 
was subject to rather protracted attacks of insanity. She 
was a sister of Ebenezer White. Her sister, Mrs. Robbins, 
with two daughters kept the house. Mrs. Morton had no 
children. This lot was originally six rods wide, but is much 
w^ider now having gained most of what Middle Lane has 
lost. The line between this and Israel Morton's lot has 
never been changed. On the other side of Middle Lane, on 
the lot first owned by John Hawks, stood the house of 
Daniel Wait, occupied by himself and his wife, a daughter 
of Hon. John Hastings, who both died in Hatfield. They 
had one child, a daughter, who married Dexter Allis and 
removed to Springfield. The house seemed comparatively 
new and when I first saw it had never been painted. It 
has been considerably changed by additions and otherwise, 
but is the same as that now^ occupied by Mr. Baggs. 

Mr. Perez Hastings lived in the next house with his 
wife and four children. He was a blacksmith and the son of 
Hopestill Hastings, and his wife w^as a daughter of Salmon 
White of Whately. He died in this house, but his children 
all emigrated to the state of New York. After the death 
of Mr. Hastings this house came into the possession of 
Mr. Joseph Smith, Jr., who with his wife lived in it until 
his death. I suppose this house stands on the land origi- 
nally occupied by Richard Morton, the first settler in town 
by that name. The late Moses Morton told me that an old 
house which stood a little south of this was an old Morton 
house, was removed from that place by Nehemiah Wait and 
is the same in which Lewis Dickinson and his sisters lived 
during the latter years of their life. A few rods north of 
the house was a blacksmith's shop, which was afterward 
occupied by a store. The town originally owned a space of 
sixteen rods between the John Hawks place and the Richard 
Morton lot, but that ownership ceased before I was born. 

The next house north was owned and occupied by the 
widow of Mr. Seth Bardwell with three sons, William, 
Jeremy, and Salmon D. Mr. Seth Bardwell was killed by 
lightning. Mrs. Seth Bardwell was the daughter of Salmon 
Dickinson, the brother of Col. John Dickinson, the father 
of Gen. Lemuel Dickinson. This was by no means a new 
house as I remember it. 


Next to this, on the corner of Main Street and Upper 
Lane, stood the house of Mr. Solomon Dickinson. It was 
a large square house and apparently new; it has since been 
burned. Mrs. Dickinson was a Huntington from Norwich, 
Conn. Mr. Dickinson was the son of Daniel Dickinson, Sr. 
Their children, with the exception of one daughter who 
died, still reside in Hatfield. 

On the opposite side of Upper Lane, farther back from 
Main Street, in the house now standing there lived Mr. 
Elijah Dickinson, his wife, and two sons. Mrs. Dickinson 
died early and he afterwards married a daughter of Mr. 
Daniel Dickinson. After the death of Mr. Dickinson, Oba- 
diah, his eldest son, removed from town, and Norman, the 
younger son, who had been a cripple from his birth, died. 
Two children by his second marriage are still living, Nancy, 
the wife of Mr. Joseph D. Billings, and the son, Elijah, 
whom I well knew as a noble, generous-hearted young man, 
respected and beloved by all who knew him. He has been 
for many years an inmate of the Hartford Retreat. The 
general appearance of this house when I last saw it was 
much the same as when I first knew it. 

In the next house lived Mr. Daniel Dickinson, his wife, 
his son, Daniel, Jr., and his two daughters, Lois and Nancy. 
His two other children, a son and a daughter, were married. 
Mr. Dickinson was the brother of Aaron and Roger; his 
wife was the daughter of Gideon and the sister of Joseph 
Dickinson. The house in which- thev lived stood on the 
site of the house now occupied by Mr. John Brown, and 
was burned many years since. 

Next was a house consisting of one story and, as I re- 
member it, a pretty old house. It was occupied by David 
Wait, one of whose daughters, Lucinda, became the second 
wife of Elijah Rardwell, Sr. Jeremy Morton afterwards 
lived there and subsequently built the house in which 
his widow now lives. David Wait was a descendant of 
Benjamin Wait, and this home lot was the dwelling place 
of that heroic man on the 19th of September, 1677. 

The next and the last house on the west side of the street 
was owned and occupied by Abijah Bliss, his wife, and three 
sons. Mr. I>]iss came from Longnieadow. He was a cloth- 


ier and his shop stood near his house. Adjoining the place 
was the gate leading into the North Meadow. 

Directly east of this gate, and very near it, was a one- 
story building facing the south, which, as I first remember 
it, was not used as a dwelling house, but afterwards was 
occupied by Roger Dickinson and his wife. At that time 
Mr. Dickinson lived in an old-looking, one-story house 
perhaps twenty feet to the northeast of this house, with his 
wife, and son, and possibly a daughter. Mr. Dickinson 
was a blacksmith by trade and in the Revolutionary war 
joined the British army, and was employed in shoeing 
horses. He named his son Loyal George, who removed to 
Leicester, where, after burying five wives, he left the sixth 
a widow. 

The first lot on the east side of the street was granted 
to Hezekiah Dickinson, the son of Nathaniel, Sr., and the 
father of Rev. Jonathan Dickinson, the first president of 
New Jersey College (later called Princeton). He removed 
from Hatfield and died in Springfield in 1706. 

The first house on the east side of the street, as I recol- 
lect, was the house lately occupied by Jeremy Bardwell. 
It was unpainted and looked old. The first occupants 
whom I remember were Heman Swift and his wife, three 
sons, and a daughter. The daughter became the wife of 
William Bardwell. The rest of the family removed from 
town many years ago. 

In the next house which had two stories and was painted 
red, lived Mr. Joseph Dickinson, whose wife was a sister of 
Mr. Nehemiah Wait. He was the father of Mrs. Roswell 
Billings and of the first Mrs. Elijah Bardwell. At this time 
the occupants were himself, his wife, an unmarried son, and 
a daughter. Martha, the daughter, was a woman of more 
than ordinary mind, manifesting a strong desire for her 
own improvement and for the improvement of others, using 
all her privileges, however circumscribed, to the best advan- 
tage. It is reported of her that after finishing the tasks of 
the day, she would sit up far into the night reading and 
studying, and this self-denying application showed happy 
results in her superior culture and intelligence. Though 
she had not a long life her influence for good was not 
buried with her, but still continues. Caleb, the son, took 


down the old house and replaced it by a more modern 

The next house was that of Elijah Bardwell, the son of 
Seth and Hannah Bardwell, who lived here with his wife, 
the daughter of Joseph Dickinson, and two children. Han- 
nah, the daughter, married a Mr. Wright and removed to 
Deerfield, where she died. His son, Elijah, Jr., is still living. 
The house in which they lived has been removed to the 
Upper Lane, where it now stands. Betw^een this and the 
next house there was, I think, a barn standing even with 
the street and a small red building used as a horse shed. 
The original owner of the Bardw'ell lot was Samuel Marsh, 
and the line between him and Nathaniel Foote was directly 
opposite the south boundary of the Upper Lane. 

On the next lot stood the house w^iich was occupied by 
the widow of Elihu Dickinson with two of her sons, Wil- 
liam and Silas. Silas died unmarried. William married a 
(laughter of Lieut. Samuel Smith, and his son, William H. 
Dickinson, with his children are the sole representatives 
now living in Hatfield, of the Smith family, which was so 
numerous since my memory as to furnish on one occasion 
fourteen voters of that name. The old house has been 
removed into the Upper Lane and replaced by a very fine 
building. In front of the house there stood a very old 
buttonball, with a hole near the foot of its trunk so large 
that a good-sized boy could hide in it. 

Lieutenant Samuel Smith lived in the next house with his 
wife, who was the sister of Daniel and Elijah White, and 
four daughters, and one son. These all with the exception 
of one daughter, who married William Dickinson, died in 
Hatfield unmarried. Mr. Smith was a very worthy man, 
the brother of Oliver Smith, and, I think, the oldest of the 
six brothers. The house showed little signs of paint and 
appeared to be considerably old. It is still standing. The 
original owner of this lot w^as Philip Russell, and it is the 
most northerly of the lots granted bv the tow^n of Hadlev 
in 1661. 

Ebenezer Morton lived in the next house with his wife, 
who was an Ingram from Amherst, and four sons and three 
daughters, all of whom with the exception of one unmarried 
daughter, who died in Hatfield, removed from town. The 


house, which was an old one, still stands, altered and re- 
paired. Mr. Morton served a term during the Revolution- 
ary war, and was present at the execution of Major Andre. 

The house which now stands next to it was owned and 
occupied by Remembrance Bardwell, a blacksmith, son of 
Seth and Hannah Bardwell, with his wife, who was the 
daughter of John Allis, and their children, three daughters 
and two sons. One son and one daughter died in Hatfield; 
the others removed from town. His blacksmith shop stood 
a few rods south of the dwelling house. The first pro- 
prietor of this lot was John Wells. 

The next house was Mr. Silas Porter's. He was the son 
of James Porter and his wife was the daughter of Seth 
Graves, and a granddaughter of Col. John Dickinson. He 
was a shoemaker and a very worthy, industrious man. 
He had three sons and two daughters, all of whom but one, 
Theodore, removed from town. The house was by no 
means new and is now, I believe, occupied by his descend- 
ants. Mr. Porter obtained a pension for his services during 
the Revolutionary war. His shoemaker's shop stood a little 
south of the house. 

Frederic Chapin, who came from Somers, Conn., had 
lived in the next house, but he died before I was born. At 
my first recollection the house was occupied by his widow, 
with her two sons, Camillus and Frederic. The house was 
of two stories, painted red and appeared to be old. Frederic 
removed to New Jersey. Camillus lived and died in Hat- 
field, but no descendants of either are now in town. There 
was a large elm tree in front of the house, remarkable for 
its beauty. Some rods south of the house, on the line of 
the street, stood the barn belonging to the place. 

Adjoining on the same line stood the barn of Perez Mor- 
ton, who lived in the next house a little further south. Mr. 
Morton was a son of Jonathan Morton, and his wife was a 
sister of Ebenezer Morton. He had four sons and three 
daughters, only one of whom has removed from town. An 
elder brother of Mr. Morton, Jonathan, lived with him. He 
was* a man of a gentle, refined nature, fond of readings 
small of stature, and of delicate health. I remember hear- 
ing him say that he had never seen a well day; yet by reg- 
ular habits, and in every way taking good care of himself^ 


he lived to be over ninety years of age. The house was 
painted a light yellow, but w^ith the exception of its color 
presents much the same general appearance that it did sixty 
years ago. 

Next to this house, on the site now occupied by Elijah 
Bardwell, Jr., was an old two-story house, in which lived 
Joseph, the eldest son of Perez Morton. He married a 
daughter of Joel Day and had two children, a son and a 
daughter. Some years after his death, his widow and chil- 
dren removed to New Haven, Conn. 

The next house was owned by Oliver Smith and stood 
very near the site now occupied by Mrs. Joseph Smith's 
house. It was two stories high, painted red, and looked old 
and neglected. At different times private schools were kept 
in the house. I remember one taught by a Miss Childs. 
and another by the late Dr. Barstow of Keene, X. H. A 
familv named Elderkin lived there manv vears since, but 
it was generally untenanted. 

The next house was that of Dr. Daniel White, who kept 
it as a tavern many years ago. He was the son of Daniel, 
whose wife was Submit Morton, and his wife, who was 
living at my first recollection, was Lucy Allis of Somers, 
Conn. He afterwards married successivelv Lucv Burt of 
Longmeadow, Elizabeth, widow of Cotton White, and Sarah, 
daughter of Ebenezer Fitch. Dr. White had no children. 
The house, now owned by the children of his nephew, Elisha 
Wells, is the same, but greatly changed in its appearance. 
I believe this to be the old White lot, the same originally 
allotted to John White, Jr. 

The next house was that of Joseph Smith, but between 
that and Dr. White's was a barn, which stood at some dis- 
tance east from the street, and I suppose is still there, in the 
rear of the house built by Miss Sophia Smith and now 
owned by Mr. George Billings. Mr. Smith's wife was a 
sister of Elihu and Ebenezer White, who lived on "the Hill." 
Mr. and Mrs. Smith had three sons and four daughters. Of 
these all but one died unmarried, and that one, Joseph, Jr., 
left no children. Mr. Smith was a brother of Oliver Smith 
and the youngest but one of six brothers, who, with one 
exception, were married and had cliildren, but none of the 
name are now living in Hatfield, and the number of those 


who have removed from town is very small. Three of Mr. 
Smith's children died before their father, Joseph, had re- 
moved from the homestead and lived in his own house, 
leaving this house occupied by the oldest son, Austin, and 
two maiden sisters. The homestead owned by Mr. Smith 
was originally allotted to Nathaniel Dickinson, Jr., and the 
division lines, both on the north and south side, have never 
been changed. Sophia, the elder of the maiden sisters, 
was the founder of Smith College, an act which entitles 
fier to the rank of a public benefactress. The greater part 
3f the money which constituted the benefaction was amassed 
3y her brother Austin. Mr. Smith, the father, having little 
education himself, placed a low estimate upon it for others. 
He gave his children very meager opportunities for mental 
zulture, teaching them by his example that the chief object 
in life was to acquire property by industry and preserve it by 
economy. The grace of giving had no place in his teaching 
Dr example. Brought up in this way it is not surprising 
that his son became rich. This son had good natural 
abilities, with a quick and ready wit, and under favorable 
influences might have become a genial and generous man, 
DUt, devoting all his energies to the making and saving of 
money, he became narrow in the extreme and hostile to all 
public measures which involved any outlay of money. Like- 
his uncle, Oliver, he always favored the smallest sum pro- 
posed for the use of public schools. I have known him 
to introduce resolutions in town meeting forbidding all 
instruction in those schools of any branches except reading, 
writing, arithmetic, and geography. Fortunately, his in- 
fluence in town meetings was very slight. This brother 
with two surviving sisters remained in the old homestead, 
and having become somewhat advanced in life each made a 
will giving his or her property to the survivor. The younger 
sister died first, and the brother dying soon after left 
5ophia sole heir to a large estate. This was fortunate for 
the cause of education, a» from neither of the others would 
there have been any impulse in that line. 

Yet it would be a mistake to infer that Sophia Smith 
was a person of superior abilities, or that her education sur- 
:)assed or even equaled the ordinary standards of her day. 
Her opportunities for school education were slight, and 



during; her early life site had access to few'books. At a later 
period she availed herself of the advantages afforded by 
the Social Library, a well-selected, though not large, collec- 
tion of books, and from this source she acquired considerable 
information and a taste for improvement. She was con- 
scientious, felt deeply the responsibility attending the pos- 
session of wealth, and her need of counsel in regard to 
the disposition of her estate. She was at heart loyal to her 
native town, an<l when she had decided upon the establish- 
ment of a female college, she expected to locate the institu- 
tion in Hatfield. But those to whom she went for advice 
were of a different mind, some urging the claims of Nortli- 

am|)ton and some of Andierst, until she was finally per- 
suaded to locate it in Northampton; and tt may be that 
circumstances in the future will justify this conclusion. 
which now seems so unsatisfactory to the friends of Hat- 
field. Miss Smith will also be remembered as the founder 
of ail academy in Hatfield. She also gave the town five 
hundred dollars for the Library, although the benefits she 
had herself ilcrived from it would have justified a much more 
generou.* donation. 

The next house was built in 1794 [1783] by Lieut. David 
Billings, the granduncle of Mr. Joseph D. Billings, the pres- 


ent owner. It presented quite a modern appearance as I 
first knew it, being then some fifteen or sixteen years old. 
It has always been well cared for and its general appearance 
is about the same now as then, except that there was a balus- 
trade around the roof, w^hich has been removed. Its occu- 
pants in my early days were the widow of Lieut. David 
Billings, who was a sister to the wives of Hon. John Hastings 
and Gen. Lemuel Dickinson and a daughter of Rev. Ephraim 
Little of Colchester, Conn. ; Deacon, then Capt. Joseph 
Billings, his wife, a daughter of Capt. Elijah Smith, and 
Caroline, a daughter of John and granddaughter of Col. 
Oliver Partridge. Caroline afterw^ards married Theodore 
Partridge, son of Dea. Cotton Partridge, and removed to 
Phelps, N. Y., afterwards removing to Raleigh, N. C, where 
they died. This is the original Billings lot, which, with the 
Cowles lot, are the only ones remaining on the street owned 
by the descendants of the first settlers bearing the same 

The next house, which still stands, though uninhabited, 
was the residence of Dr. John Hastings, his wife, three sons, 
and two daughters. He was the son of Hon. John Hastings 
and his wife was the daughter of Elijah Dickinson, Sr. 
Chester, the oldest son, lived and died in Hatfield. John, the 
second son, graduated at Yale College in 1815, and is now 
living in Onondaga, N. Y. The youngest, Justin, still lives 
in Hatfield and he and his daughter, Mrs. Silas G. Hubbard, 
are all that remain in town of the Hastings family. Mary, 
the elder daughter, married Dr. Chester Bardwell and re- 
moved to Whately; and Sophia, the younger, lives with her 
brother in Onondaga, N. Y. The gambrel-roofed one-story 
building south of the house was built by Doctor Hastings, 
and the north room w-as occupied by him for an office, while 
the south room was occupied by Israel Billings as a law 
office. I remember afterwards attending a school there (in 
the south room) taught by Parsons Cook. The first ther- 
mometer I ever saw-, I believe the first ever owned in town, 
hung in Doctor Hastings's office. An addition was made on 
the east side of this building when it was transformed into 
a dw^elling house. In 1672 Thomas Hastings of Watertowni 
married a daughter of John Hawks of Hatfield, where, about 
that time, he settled as a physician; but so little were the 
services of a physician required in those days that, althou^K 


his practice extended to Springfield, Deerfield, and Brook- 
field, he still had leisure to teach the town school. He was 
succeeded by his son, Thomas, both as a physician and 
schoolmaster. He had two sons who settled in Hatfield; 
one, Hopestill, was a blacksmith and father of Perez Hast- 
ings and of Seth, the father of Dr. Thomas Hastings, presi- 
dent of Union Theological Seminary. 

Waitstill, the other son, succeeded his father as a physician 
in Hatfield and was the father of Hon. John Hastings, who 
lived in a house a few rods south of his son's oflfice just 
described with his wife. Content Little, and three unmarried 
daughters. He died in 1811. I remember to have seen him 
many times leaning over the front fence, wearing a cocked 
hat. His was the last of the cocked hats in Hatfield. The 
house was then old and gave but slight indications of paint, 
though I think it had been red. Within a few years it has 
disappeared. **Squire Hastings/' as he was generally called, 
had four sons and four daughters. Two of the sons were 
physicians, — John, who settled in Hatfield, and Waitstill, who 
removed to Ohio. Of the other two, Ephraim removed to 
Heath at an early day, while Samuel remained in Hatfield 
to a later period. Only one of the daughters was married 
and she became the wife of Daniel Wait. Squire Hastings 
was for twenty-eight years either a member of the State 
Legislature or a member of the Executive Council and for 
thirty-four years a magistrate. 

His son, Samuel, lived in the next house, on the corner of 
Main Street and the road to the bridge. This house was 
comparatively new and of a yellowish color. His wife was 
Lucy Andrews of Ashfield. Before leaving Hatfield they 
had seven sons, and a daughter was born to them after their 
removal to Heath. 

On the opposite side of the bridge road stood the same 
house which now stands there, occupied by Dwight, a son of 
Dea. Cotton Partridge, with his wife, Betsey Sabin, and five 
or six children. They removed to Phelps, N. Y. This had 
been tlie home of John Dickinson, a brother of Gen. Lemuel 
Dickinson, who removed to the state of New York. The 
house, which is probably among the oldest in town, remains 
unchanged in its form. 

The toll house, at the bridge, was a one-story building and 
was occupied by Simeon Smith with his wife, three sons, and 


three daughters. This bridge had a fine appearance and was 
built on four arches. Mr. Smith was the son of Simeon 
Smith o! Amherst and a descendant of Samuel, who was 
the ancestor of Oliver Smith. He was a brother of Maj, 

Sylvanus Smith and of Asa Smith of Northampton, both at 
one time deputy sheriffs in Hampshire County. He was the 
first man to raise broom corn and manufacture brooms in 
Hatfield. In 1816 or 17 he removed with his family to 


On or near the spot where the house of Mrs. Polly Graves 
now stands, looking up the street, there stood a house bear- 
ing marks of age, where lived Cotton White and his family, 
who are also the first whom I recollect as occupying the 
Jesse Billings house nearly opposite. It was an old Dickin- 
son homestead. The last of the family who owned it was 
Gen. Lemuel Dickinson, who, about the year 1806, removed 
with his wife, Molly Little, and four sons to Lowville, N. Y. 
His three daughters remained in Hatfield, Mabel,, the oldest, 
being married to Samuel Partridge (my father), Polly to 
Israel Dickinson, and Sophia to John Smith. Col. John 
Dickinson, the father of Gen. Lemuel Dickinson, lived on 
this place, where he died in 1799 in the ninety-second year of 
his age, and my impression is that his father, John, who was 
born in 1667, died here in 1761, aged ninety-four years. The 
estate was subsequently purchased by Obadiah Smith, son of 
Windsor Smith of Hadley, who built the present dwelling 
house and a store a little to the east of the house. This 
store has since been removed to the Meadow, where it is 
occupied as a dwelling house. Col. John Dickinson and 
Elihu represented the town in a Congress held at Watertown 
in 1775. 

Of the forty-seven places on Main Street which I have 
above attempted to describe with their occupants as they 
were in my early childhood, only nine now remain in the 
same name and family; and of all the lots assigned in 1661, 
only two remain in the same family and name. These are 
occupied, one by Mr. Joseph D. Billings and the other by 
Mr. Rufus Cowles. 

About midway between the Medad Field place and the 
Mill river, where the house of Mrs. William H. Hubbard 
now stands, Dea. Moses Warner lived in a two-story house 
which has since been burned. Mr. Warner was a descendant 
of Andrew Warner of Hadley, and his wife was the daughter 
of Elisha King. They were married in 1779 and the house 
was probably built about that time. Two sons, Elisha and 
Moses, and two daughters, afterwards Mrs. Hubbard and 
Mrs. Morgan, all remained in Hatfield and all died there, 
except Mrs. Morgan. Deacon Warner was a man highly 
esteemed in the church and community, and was regarded 
with esteem by his pastor, the Rev. Dr. Joseph Lyman. 

John Warner, son of Deacon Moses, lived in a brick house 


on the opposite side of the street, and the house now pre- 
sents the same general appearance which marked it then. 
Mr. Warner's wife was a Miss Whiton from Berkshire 
County. They then had two children, but five were added 
afterwards. With the exception of one, who died young, 
and James, who now occupies the place, they all found homes 
away from Hatfield. The north side of Deacon Warner's lot 
was bounded on the west by Mill river, and from the point 
where the river turns to the west a fence ran south to the 
street. Sometime before his death, Deacon Warner ran a 
fence from the southwest corner of his lot to a point on the 
river a little above the bridge, inclosing a triangular piece of 
the highway. The highway south of this road was much 
larger than at the north, extending south to his pasture a 
distance of several rods beyond the line of John Warner's 
front fence. In those days a kind of fine white sand was an 
important article to housekeepers, and this sand being found 
here a few feet below the surface, it was said that the town 
reserved this tract for the benefit of housekeepers. 

The next house on the left, beyond the bridge, built by 
Deacon Church, is the same now occupied by Mr. James 
Porter, but at the time of which I write it was the residence 
of Col. Erastus Billings. His wife was Abigail Allis, daugh- 
ter of John Allis and Esther Partridge. Their three sons and 
a daughter were born there. The house appeared to be 
considerably old and showed no signs of paint. David Wait 
and his family lived there sometime after the removal of 
Colonel Billings, but the property passed many years ago 
into the hands of Maj. Jonathan Porter. Between this and 
the next dwelling stood a building which, after the town was 
divided into school districts, was used for a schoolhouse, and 
possibly it was so used previously. 

Samuel Partridge, with his second wife and the two daugh- 
ters of his first wife, lived in the next house. He was gen- 
erally known as "Lawyer Partridge," was the son of Col. 
Oliver Partridge, and a graduate of Yale College. His 
daughter, Caroline, married Harvey Ely of Rochester, N. Y. 
His other daughter, Clarissa, married Sewall Sergeant of 
Stockbridge, to which town Mr. Partridge and his wife late 
in life removed, having sold the place to Mr. Ebenezer 
Graves. The part of the house which is now standing was 
built by Col. Oliver Partridge; the back part was built by 


Col. Samuel Partridge and was torn down by Mr. Graves 
when he took possession. The house is undoubtedly more 
than a hundred years old, as Oliver died in 1792. This is 
the homestead on which Col. Samuel Partridge settled after 
his removal from Hadley in 1687 and where he resided from 
that time until his death in 1740. He was among the ablest 
men of the colony. Savage and Judd both speak of him as 
being after the death of Colonel Pynchon the most influ- 
ential man in the western part of the colony; and he, to- 
gether with Colonel Pynchon and Colonel Stoddard [of 
Northampton], were known in Boston as the "River Gods.*' 
His son Samuel, my ancestor, returned to Hadley and 
settled on the property there. His son Edward remained 
in Hatfield. His grandson, my grandfather, Lieut. Samuel 
Partridge, was born in Hadley, but removed to Hatfield, 
where he was married in 1754. Col. Oliver Partridge was 
quite a distinguished man in his day. He was one of the 
representatives of Massachusetts in a Congress convened 
previous to the adoption of the Constitution, held many 
important offices, and in 1758 commanded a regiment belong- 
ing to the expedition for the invasion of Canada which took 
part in the battle of July 6, 1758, at Ticonderoga, N. Y., 
where the British were badly beaten by the French under 
Montcalm. William, the father of Col. Samuel, wrote his 
name Partrigg, but the form of the last syllable was changed 
during the life of Col. Samuel, and after his removal to 
Hatfield. The descendants of Col. Samuel of the same name 
are not numerous, but probably more than half bearing the 
name, or tlie blood of Dwight, among them President 
Dwight of Yale College, are descended from him. 

The next house west was that of Mr. Levi Graves. It had 
a rather new appearance, more so than any other on "the 
Hill." Mr. Graves was a man of more than ordinary good 
sense and a successful farmer. He was a son of Capt. Perez 
Graves and a brother of Solomon and Timothy Graves. His 
wife was a Smith from South Hadley. His children were 
three sons and a daughter. The two eldest sons removed 
from town. The daughter married Silas Billings and died 
in Hatfield. The youngest son, Jonathan, resides on the old 

El)enezer Fitch lived in the next house. He came from 
Suffield, Conn., and his wife's name was Taylor. A son and 


two daughters lived with him; another daughter had been 
married to Sylvanus Smith. The son lived and died on the 
old homestead. 

The next was the house of Mr. Silas Graves, who lived 
here with his son, Silas, Jr., and two daughters. Mr. Graves 
was a brother of Perez Graves. One of his daughters mar- 
ried Mr. Starkweather of Northampton, and the other be- 
came the second wife of Elisha Wait of Hatfield. The son 
died unmarried. Henry Hitchcock lived in the family and 
the place passed into his hands. 

The next house was owned and occupied by Elihu White, 
a brother of Ebenezer White. His wife was Sarah Smith. 
Besides the three sisters of Mr. White living in Hatfield, he 
had three sisters who were married and lived in Vermont, 
and the wife of Senator Edmunds of that state is a grand- 
daughter of one of them. Mr. White had one son and three 
daughters. One daughter married Seth Kingsley and re- 
mained in Hatfield; the other children removed from town. 
The house was old, and is now occupied by Mrs. Packard. 

The next house was owned and occupied by Mr. Solomon 
Graves. He was a son of Perez Graves and was highly 
respected in town. His sense of humor was somewhat 
remarkable, especially for those severe and earnest days. 
His wife was a sister of Abijah Bliss. They had four sons 
and one daughter. The two eldest sons, Thaddeus and 
Solomon, lived and died in Hatfield. Ebenezer removed to 
Michigan. William, the youngest, died suddenly while a 
member of Williams College. He was a young man of bright 
promise, and died greatly beloved and lamented by all who 
knew him. The daughter married John Wells of Williams- 
burg. Thaddeus, the eldest son, died in the prime of life, 
and was a great loss, not only to his family, but to the town 
itself, for he was a citizen of enlightened public spirit and 
alive to all the best interests of the community. He cher- 
ished high standards and was always on the side of right. 
The general ajypearance of the house, w^hich is now occupied 
by his grandson, Thaddeus Graves, son of Solomon, Jr., is 
not materially changed. 

Between this and the Northampton line, on the same side, 
there were but two dwellings. One, near the meadow gate 
on the road leading to Little Ponsett, was the house of a 
colored man named Jason and his wife, Orin. The other, at 


some distance, and almost to the Northampton line, on the 
land now owned by James Warner, was the home of Michael 
Kelly, an Irishman, who married the daughter of Henry 
Wilkie, Sr., and in a few years left for New York. 

Having reached the boundary of the town, we cross the 
road and, going eastward to the fork of the roads, come to 
a small house, where lived Thomas Banks and his wife, 
Sarah. "Tom,*' as he was generally called, was somewhat of 
a character about whom many anecdotes are related. I don't 
know whence he came, but when a boy he lived with 
"Clerk'* Williams. This gentleman, with his wife, was on 
one occasion about to leave home for a few days and gave 
Tom particular instructions for taking care of the garden, 
and, as they drove away, Mrs. Williams called out from the 
carriage, "Tom, don't you leave a green thing in it." On 
returning they found that this last charge had been obeyed 
to the letter, all trace of vegetation having disappeared from 
the garden. Mr. Williams, who had borne a great deal from 
Tom, thought this was a little too much, and proceeded to 
tie him up preparatory to whipping him. By way of pre- 
paring Tom's mind to profit by the discipline, he said, "Now, 
Tom, if you had such a boy, what should you do with him?" 
To which Tom, with great presence of mind, quickly replied, 
"Mr. Williams, I should try him once more." Tom was at 
the battle of Bunker Hill, but is reported to have shown the 
white feather, and left the field early in the engagement. 

Going north from this place, at no great distance, we come 
to the house occupied by Ebenezer Dwight and his brother, 
Daniel Dwight. The family of Ebenezer consisted of his 
wife, two sons, and three daughters, one of whom married 
Erastus Knight. Ebenezer, the eldest son, married a daugh- 
ter of Silas Porter and died in Ohio. William married a 
Miss Sadler of Williamsburg, and lived and died on the home- 
stead. Daniel Dwight was unmarried and had previously 
been in trade with Lieut. Samuel Partridge. 

Further on, though I do not remember its exact location, 
stood a house said to have been occupied by Gen. Israel 
Chapin, before his removal to Canandaigua, N. Y. It was 
then called the "Pest House," having been used for smallpox 

Returning now to the Northampton road, and going east 
a short distance, we come to a house on the left hand side 


occupied by Joseph Smith, known familiarly as "Wicked Joe," 
to distinguish him from another townsman of the same name. 
A son lived with him, named Joseph. They only remained 
a few years. 

A short distance farther on lived a colored man named 
Pedro Fenimore. 

The next house to the east, and standing directly opposite 
the house of Solomon Graves, was owned and occupied by 
Phineas Graves. It had an old appearance and had been 
owned and occupied by his father, Seth Graves, who was 
the brother of Silas. His family consisted of his wife, who 
was a Pomeroy, a son, and a daughter. He died when I was 
very young, and his family removed from town. The place 
is now owned by Jonathan D. Porter. 

The next house was owned and occupied by Timothy 
Graves, the son of Perez, who also lived there. His family 
consisted of his wife, who was a Graves from Middlefield, 
three daughters, and two sons, who all lived and died in 
Hatfield except one daughter, who married and went to 
Maine. The house is still standing and must be a hundred 
years old. perhaps more. One of the daughters married 
Henry Hitchcock. 

The next house was that of Ebenezer White, brother of 
Elihu White, Jr., and was kept by him as a tavern. His wife 
was a sister of Elijah Dickinson and they had five daughters 
and two sons. The three eldest daughters married and re- 
moved from town, while the two younger married and 
remained in Hatfield. Only one of the sons married, and 
both lived and died in Hatfield. 

Next lived Dea. Jonathan Porter, whose wife was Ruth 
Chapin of Somers, Conn. He had four sons and four daugh- 
ters. Reuben, the eldest son, removed to Heath. Jonathan, 
Jr., married Electa Allis. Chester married Rachel Smith, 
and both lived and died in Hatfield. Samuel died unmarried. 
One daughter married John Graves, son of Seth Graves, and 
removed to Williamsburg. The house, though much changed, 
is still standing and occupied by Mr. Henry Porter. Mr. 
Porter was for many years a deacon in the church, and was 
much respected. 

The next house was old, of a light yellow color, and was 
occupied by the Meekins family, consisting of two brothers, 
Levi and John, and one sister, Irene, who all died unmattv^d. 


They had not a high social standing, being regarded as very 
miserly. But after the death of John, Levi showed a desire 
for a more decent way of life and prevailed upyn Mr. Roswell 
Hubbard to take the house and care for him, and at his death 
made Mr. Hubbard his principal, if not his sole, heir. The 
house now standing is the same, but much improved in 

The next house, I am told, was built by EHhu Morton, who 
married a Miss Ballard and afterwards removed to New 
Jersey. It then became the property of Ebenezer White and 
was occupied as a sort of tenement house sometimes by one 
family and sometimes by another. At length it became a 
tavern kept by Ebenezer Dwight, but this continued only a 
few years. When I left Hatfield, it was occupied by Silas 
White, son of Ebenezer White. Whether the house is still 
standing, I do not know. I think it was bought and is still 
owned by Jonathan S. Graves. 

In the next house lived Elijah Nash. Of his family I only 
recollect that he had one son, named John. The family left 
town when I was very young. After the Nash family left, 
it was occupied by Gad Wait and his family, consisting of 
himself, wife, three sons, and three daughters. The parents 
died in town, but the children all removed. The house was 
painted red, and was afterwards owned and occupied by 
Thaddeus, son of Solomon Graves, Sr., and after him by 
Harvey Graves, the son of Levi, who left it for a home in 
Wisconsin. It afterwards passed into the hands of Marshall 
Hubbard, who built, I think, a new house on the site of the 
old one. 

The next house was of one story and unpainted. I seem 
to remember Adney Smith as living there, but I must have 
been very young. I have been told that this Adney Smith 
was an ardent Whig in the Revolution, and that when on 
one occasion he was attending family prayers at Mrs. Hub- 
bard's, the next house, a Mr. Joel Smith, who was officiating. 
offered a petition for the king and Parliament, Adney gave 
him a severe kick, exclaiming, *'Xow keep in your own coun- 
try." The next occupant of this house, as I remember, was 
John White, who married Sophia, eldest daughter of Ebe- 
nezer White, and lived here many years, afterwards remov- 
ing with his family to Ohio. 

llie next house was owned and occupied by the widow of 


Mr. John Hubbard and must be now more than a hundred 
years old. Mr. Hubbard was one of a large family. His 
mother, widow of Elisha Hubbard, lived here with John's 
widow. His children were four sons and one daughter, and 
these, together with '*Uncle Joel** Smith, constituted the 
family. The eldest son, Stearns, married Electa, daughter of 
Elijah White; Roswell married Mehitable Packard of En- 
field; Elijah married Julia, daughter of Ebenezer White; and 
John married Clarissa Clapp of Northampton. These all lived 
and died in Hatfield, and one daughter. Miss Lois, still lives 
on the old homestead. The two elm trees in front of this 
house, as I have been informed, were brought from Brook 
Hollow by the grandfather of Miss Lois more than one hun- 
dred and fifty years ago, and are probably among the oldest, 
if not the very oldest, in town. 

Passing northerly, by the old burying ground, the next 
house was that now occupied by Mr. Samuel P. Billings, and 
Was then the home of Mr. Israel Williams, a bachelor and 
son of Col. Israel Williams. His housekeeper was Hannah 
Barker. The house before my day was occupied by a brother 
of Colonel Williams, who was clerk of the Court and known 
as **Clerk'' Williams. His office was on the opposite side of 
the street and was removed by the father of Mr. S. P. 
Billings towards the bridge, where it is now occupied as a 
dwelling house by Mr. Moses Kingsley. 

The first house on the east side was that of Sylvanus 
Smith, brother of Simeon, and was a one-story building. 
Mr. Smith's wife was a daughter of Ebenezer Fitch and they 
had two sons and two daughters. One of the sons, E. Fitch 
Smith, was at the time of his death a lawyer of some prom- 
inence in New York and had been previously a judge in 
Geneva, N. Y. This whole family removed to the state of 
New York. 

Next, north of this, was a one-story building, flush with 
the street, which changed occupants from time to time. I 
do not remember who occupied it in those early days. 

The next house was a one-story house occupied by Isaac 
Sanderson. He had three sons and two daughters. One of 
the daughters married Horace Shumway and remained in 
town. One son, also. Alvan, remained in town, but the 
other children all emigrated to the state of New York. 

Going towards the Mill bridge, where. tVv^ ¥\\.<:!a 


Brothers built a store which is now standing, was a one- 
story house occupied by Enos Nash, who came from Hadley 
and was a carpenter. He had two sons, both of whom 
removed from town. These were the only between 
the two bridges. 

Coming to the Mill bridge, there was at the right hand on 
the south end an old dilapidated building, called the "Oil 
Mill/' At the other end of the bridge, on the right hand, 
were the grist mill and sawmill. Turning from this end of 
the bridge, and going west some twenty or thirty rods, on 
the left side of the road, stood the house of John Allis, who 
lived here with his wife, a daughter of Lieut. Samuel Par- 
tridge, and two sons. One of these died in infancy; the 
other remained in Hatfield, where he married and died. The 
house was old, of two stories, and is probably not standing 
now. Mr. Allis had living with him two colored boys, Spence 
and Bob, who attended school in the brick schoolhouse, 
described in the first part of this paper. 

Going still west, about one fourth of a mile, on the same 
side of the road, lived Henry Wilkie, who was from Wolfen- 
buttel, Germany, belonged to General Burgoyne's army, and 
was taken prisoner at Saratoga. While on his march to 
Boston for reembarkation to Germany, he made his escape, 
preferring to remain in this country. He was a barber in his 
native country, and told me that the barbers there were 
surgeons to the extent of bleeding patients. He lived in a 
small one-story house with his wife and four sons. All of 
these sons attended school in the old brick schoolhouse. One 
of the sons, Henry, remained in town, where he died at an 
advanced age. The others left town before their father's 

Returning, and following the road as it turns to the north, 
crossing a little stream, and ascending the hill, on the left 
side of the road at a point a little south of the spot where 
Henry Wilkie's house now stands was a one-story building 
occupied by Quartus Knight and his family. Mrs. Knight 
was Lydia Parsons, who had lived with Lieut. David Billings 
and was a relative of his wife. The family removed from 
town many years ago. 

Nearly opposite the Knight house, down in a hollow, was 
a distillery, where Josiah Allis, Remembrance Bardwell, 
Samuel Hastings, and Austin Smith manufactured whisky. 


It was not a pecuniary success, fortunately, and was soon 

The next house, about thirty or forty yards distant, on the 
Deerfield road, was occupied by an elderly man named John 
Curtis, with his son Lebbeus and family. The elder Curtis 
was a miller, having charge of the gristmill. He, with his 
son Lebbeus, removed from town long ago, but three of his 
sons, Edward, Elbartus, and Dorus, remained in town and 
died there. 

At some little distance north was a small one-story house 
w^here Primus Easton, a colored man, lived. Still farther on, 
at the corner of the Deerfield and Williamsburg roads, lived 
Amos Newport, another colored man, whose father was kid- 
naped when a child and brought from the coast of Africa. 
He was owned by the Billings family, and when slavery was 
abolished in Massachusetts that family gave him a little farm 
in West Whately. 

On the other side of the Williamsburg road were two small 
houses, little better than huts, one inhabited by Jabez New- 
bury, a colored man, and his family, and the other by Patience 
Wells, a little old white woman, commonly called "Aunt 
Patie,*' who kept house here and was supported partly by the 
town and partly by individuals. This woman was a peculiar, 
and not an unpleasant, object, as her short figure passed 
along the street, dressed in coarse garments, but with scru- 
pulous neatness and in cold weather wearing a large gray 
woolen cloak over all, and, whatever the weather, always 
carrying a good-sized basket on her arm. She used no 
formality in calling upon her chosen patrons, but opened the 
door and walked straight in. But her calls were not made 
at haphazard, for she only favored such families as she held 
in esteem for their superior cookery and generous house- 
keeping. She would always sit and refresh herself and have 
a little friendly chat before announcing the object of her call, 
which she was accustomed to do with this formula, "Have 
you got anything to-day for the old beggar's basket?" This 
question was not put with the air of a beggar at all, but 
rather of a creditor who had come to collect his just dues ; 
and her friends took care in filling her basket to select only 
such preparations as were suited to a critical and fastidious 
appetite. She was liberal in her theological views for those 
Hays, and, in fact, she might be called an "advanced thltvk^t" 



I heard her relate how she once heard a sermon where the 
minister told the story of the prodigal son's return, and how 
his father saw him a great way off and ran and met him and 
fell on his neck and kissed him. assuring his hearers that was 
the way Christ felt towards them, "and that," she said, "is 
the kind of preaching I like to hear." 

About half a mile to the west, on the left side of the road, 
near where it turns to the north, stood the house of Roswell 
Pease, where he lived with his family. It was a small red 
building, and there was no other dwelling on this road nearer 
than the other side of Horse Mountain in Williamsburg, 

Returning eastward toward the Middle Lane, and descend- 
ing the hill known as "Stone Pits," there was on the right a 
yellow gambrel-roofed one-story house, then occupied by 
Nehemiah Wait and his wife. The house still remains there, 
and I think is probably the oldest house in town. I have 
mentioned it before as the old "Morton house" removed from 
the Perez Hastings place not less than eighty years ago. 

In a southeasterly direction from this house, and on the 
op]>osite side of the road leading to the mill, there stood a 
tivo-.^tory. uiipainted house, in which lived Joel Day and his 


family, consisting of his wife, four sons, and one daughter. 
One son was drowned in the river near the house. Another 
son, Zelotes, settled in New Haven, Conn., where he became 
a wealthy and respected citizen. Alonzo, the eldest, removed 
to Savannah, Ga. Pliny remained in Hatfield, where he died. 
He was married, but had no children. The daughter mar- 
ried and removed west, where she became a Mormon. Mr. 
Joel Day served a short time in the Revolutionary army, and 
married Mercy, daughter of William Murray. 

The next, a two-story house east of Mr. Day's, was that of 
Lieut. Abraham Billings, who lived there with his son Abra- 
ham, whose wife was a daughter of William Morton. These 
all lived and died in Hatfield, but the children of Abraham, 
Jr., left the town. 

The next house was that of Abner Dickinson, who re- 
moved to the state of New York with his family many years 
ago. I only remember his son Wells, who became a prom- 
inent man in that state and a member of Congress. This 
house was afterwards occupied by Richard Smith. It was 
by no means new, but had a fresher appearance than any 
other house on that street except one. 

Jabez Belden and his wife lived in the next house. I only 
remember him as in appearance a very old man and having 
the reputation of being miserly. 

The next house was that of Zebina Dickinson and stood 
nearly opposite the house of Elijah White. It was of one 
story and appeared very old. He had two sons and four 
daughters. The oldest son removed when a young man to 
Canada; the remaining children lived in Hatfield, where they 
all died except the widow of Erastus Cowles, who still lives. 

On the other side of the street, farther to the east and 
beside "the Drain," there was a tan yard belonging to Silas 
Porter, but no dwelling house between this and the main 
street on either side of the lane. 

Going west, next to the tan yard stood the house of 
Alpheus Longley, a one-story building still standing. Mr. 
Longley came from Shirley, Mass. He was a mason and 
stonecutter. His wife was the daughter of Seth Bardwell 
and granddaughter of Salmon Dickinson. They had a son 
and daughter. The son died in infancy; the daughter is the 
wife of James W. Warner. Mr. Longley removed to the 


Bardwell house on Main Street, where he died, having held 
the office of postmaster for several years. 

Next was the house of Elijah White, the newest on the 
lane. It presented, when I last saw it, about the same ap- 
pearance that it had in my early days, except that it had been 
painted. His family consisted of himself and wife, four sons, 
and five daughters. Two of the sons and three of the daugh- 
ters removed to the states of New York and Ohio; the 
remainder died in Hatfield. 

Mr. Josiah Morton lived in the next house, which was said 
to be the oldest in town. It was of two stories and stood 
on the site of the house now occupied by his grandson, Mr. 
Charles K. Morton. The family consisted of Mr. Morton, 
his wife, who was from Longmeadow and was a sister of 
Abijah Bliss; three sons, Moses, Rodolphus, and Leander; 
and two daughters, all of w-hom died in Hatfield. Moses 
married Sophia, daughter of Dea. Cotton Partridge; Rodol- 
phus married Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Israel Dickinson; 
while the other children remained unmarried. The upper 
story of Mr. Morton's house projected over the lower story, 
like all the early houses, so built for defense against the 

Going now to the junction of Upper Lane and Main Street 
from Elijah Dickinson's northwesterly, the next house was 
that of Silas Bardwell, of two stories, painted red, and pretty 
old. Mrs. BardW'Cll was the daughter of William Morton. 
They had two children, a son, Oliver, who became insane, 
and a daughter, Louisa, who married Josiah AlHs. The 
house is the same now occupied by James Wait. 

The next house was that of Benjamin Morton, though I 
think he died before my recollection. His wife and children, 
two sons and tliree daughters, lived in this house. All of 
these, W'ith one exception, died in Hatfield. One son, Ben- 
jamin, removed to Northampton. 

In the next house lived Zechariah Field and wife with 
their son Seth and his wife and children, three sons and two 
daughters. The parents and grandparents died in Hatfield, 
but tlie children all left tow^n. The house was of two stories 
and had l)een painted white. 

A])out midwav between this house and the foot of "Clav 
Hill" there stood a one-story house, which I think was cov- 
ered witli rough boards, very poor in appearance, and occu- 


pied by Elijah Graves, who came from South Hadley and 
after a few years returned to that town with his family, of 
whom I remember only one son, by the name of Ransom. 
Between this house and the Field house there was a gate 
leading into the meadow. 

Crossing to the other side of the street, about opposite the 
Field house, stood an old building in which Gideon Morton 
had lived, but, as I recollect it, was uninhabited. 

Next to this was a two-story house not very old, owned 
by Chester Morton, in which he lived with his wife and 
several children. Mr. Morton and his wife died in Hatfield, 
but his children moved away. 

Next to this, towards the east, was a two-story house 
painted white, occupied by Elisha Wait, his wife, his son 
Elisha and his wife, with three children, Justin, George, and 
Dolly. The house is the same as that owned by George 
Wait at his death. The other son, Justin, bought the house 
of Silas Bardwell and died there. The daughter married 
Justin Hastings and lived and died in Hatfield. The elder 
Elisha Wait was a grandson of the heroic Benjamin Wait, 
and was born in 1725, seven years before the birth of General 
Washington and thirty years before the defeat of Braddock. 
I remember seeing him a great many times when I was a 
little boy and drove the cows past his house to pasture. He 
was always sitting at one window and his wife opposite him 
at another window. He died in 1816, aged ninety-one. I 
remember seeing no other man born at so early a date. 

With the exception of the outskirts, I have now given my 
earliest recollections of the town, with its houses and inhab- 
itants as they then appeared. I will now proceed to give 
what I can recollect of the outlying districts. 

Commencing with what was then called "West Farms," 
the nearest house to the Whately line was on the west side 
of the street and was occupied by Mr. Joseph Guild and his 
wife. He was an exemplary Christian citizen, and was held 
in the highest respect by all who knew him. He served 
through the seven years of the Revolutionary war and was, 
for a time, at least, sergeant in Colonel Cilley's regiment. 
He was present at the taking of General Burgoyne at Sara- 
toga, at the battle of Monmouth, at the surrender of Lord 
Cornwallis at Yorktown, besides being concerned in other 
minor affairs. He told me how on two occas\ow% \v^ vcv^\. 


General Washington. Once, when on sentry duty, General 
Washington, accompanied by General Hamilton, made a 
movement to pass him, when he stopped them and demanded 
the countersign. They did not comply with his request at 
once, and General Hamilton persisted in the attempt to pass, 
when Mr. Guild cocked his gun and told him if he passed he 
was a dead man. Upon this. General Washington said some- 
thing to General Hamilton and they gave him the counter- 
sign and passed on. The other occasion was at Yorktown, 
when General Washington sent him to reconnoiter a certain 
fort in order to ascertain whether the British still held it. 
He went, ascertained that they were still in possession, and 
so reported to the General. In speaking of the depreciated 
state of the currency at that time, he told me that he had 
taken his whole month's pay and paid it out for one glass of 
grog. During the last years of his life he received a pension 
of eight dollars a month. He had no children, but was well 
cared for in his declining years by Mr. Aretas Scott, who 
succeeded to his property. 

Next, going south, was a one-story house occupied by 
Thaddeus Scott, his mother, wife, and two sons. Both of the 
sons removed from town. 

A little above the meadow gate, on the opposite side of the 
road, was a two-story house occupied by Gideon Dickinson 
and his family, who removed from town some forty years 
ago. If I mistake not, this is the same house, though con- 
siderably changed, as that now occupied by Solomon Mosher. 
Jeremiah Belden lived on the west side of the road with his 
family at some distance south of Thaddeus Scott. He re- 
moved from town. 

Samuel Belden lived in West Farms, and I think on the 
east side of the road, but am not sure. He had three sons, 
two of whom left town; the third, Sanford, lived and died in 
Hatfield. When he died the town lost a man of strict in- 

On the west side of the road, considerably south of Jere- 
miah Belden, there stood a one-story house in which lived 
Solomon Morton and his wife and several children. All of 
these removed to Ohio, except Richard T. and Susannah, 
who married Dorus Curtis. Afterwards Richard T. removed 
to Wliately, where he died. 

On the Deerfield road, before it descends into West Farms. 


stood an old one-story house in which there lived a family 
named Munson. I think I am not mistaken, though at that 
time I was very young. I suppose this to be the house in 
which William Morton, Jr., lived and afterwards his brother, 

Not far distant from this house, on the Whately road, in a 
small one-story house, Edmund Bird lived. I recollect only 
one house between this and the river at West Brook, and 
that was a small house on the corner of the Claverick road, 
where lived an elderly man named Carly, with the accent on 
the last syllable. This family soon left town. 

Passing on towards Whately, soon after crossing the 
bridge on the north side of the road, in a one-story house, 
lived Laban Lorin with his wife and three sons. The 
parents died there, but the sons left town. 

On the opposite side of the street lived a Mr. Bennett, I 
think his name was Phineas, who was accidentally killed. 
He was the father of Lyman Bennett, previously mentioned. 
I believe that none of the family remain in town. 

Next to this was a two-story house, unpainted, owned by 
Nathaniel Frary, in which he lived with his wife, one or two 
daughters, and a stepson named Hillman. Another stepson, 
Samuel Hillman, was a lawyer in North Carolina. None of 
this family remain to my knowledge except a daughter who 
married David Gardner. 

Going west, the next, a two-story house, was that of Aaron 
Dickinson, a brother of Daniel and Roger Dickinson. His 
wife was a daughter of Charles Phelps, Esq., of Hadley. 
They had four sons, David, Aaron, Walter, and Cooley. 
The last named still lives in the same house. The others 
died in Hatfield, though I am not sure but David removed 
from town. 

A few families lived over the mountain, on farms which 
belonged to Hatfield, though inside the Williamsburg line. 
There may have been more, but I only remember two fam- 
ilies, Jonathan A. Gillett, who lived with his father on the 
east side of Mountain Street, and Bevil G. Warren, who lived 
with his family farther south. He was the great-uncle of 
Bishop Warren of the Methodist church. 

On a road which led over the mountain from Pantry, to 
the south end of Mountain Street, there was a house occu- 


pied by Stephen Green and his family, consisting of two 

I have now given account of every house in Hatfield 
which was standing at the period of my earliest recollection, 
and I would fix 1812 as a close approximation to the true 
date, though in regard to many my memory goes farther 

It should be borne in mind that the preceding pages con- 
tain my own personal recollections; that written as they 
have been without any assistance from documents or con- 
temporaries, it is hardly possible that I should have escaped 
falling into some errors ; but I believe, in the main, my state- 
ments may be relied upon as correct. 


Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1880. 

Note. — I had intended to give in the foregoing pages the 
name of every inhabitant of Hatfield who to my knowledge 
participated in the French war of 1758, or in the war of the 
Revolution, but I find that I have omitted to state that my 
great-grandfather, Col. John Dickinson, commanded a regi- 
ment of militia in 1775, when Boston was invested by the 
Americans under General Washington and Governor Gage 
with the British troops was compelled to evacuate that city. 

S. D. P. 

N. B. — I have read with great pleasure the entire text of 
the foregoing reminiscences by my cousin, Samuel D. Par- 
tridge. Our early lives were contemporaneous (being my- 
self only two years the older) and were passed within a 
stone's throw of each other. My memory harmonizes very 
closely with his; and I am deeply impressed with the accu- 
racy of his statements of fact and of reflection upon indi- 
vidual character in every instance where he has expressed 


August 11, 1891. 


The interest manifested by many of the people of Hat- 
field in the reminiscences of our town by Samuel D. 
Partridge has led us to continue the same through the year 
1909. The following pages give the result of our search 
and inquiry respecting the homes and occupants since the 
time mentioned by Mr. Partridge. There may be errors 
and omissions in this list, but it is as correct as present 
information will allow. The places described are by house 
row, up one side of the street and down on the opposite 
side. These notes are offered in hope that they may be of 
interest and value in future time. 

Valley Street. 

Beginning at the south end of what was once Main 
Street, near the old meadow gate, the house of Nathan 
Gerry was torn down by Samuel F. Billings in 1860. Silas 
Billings with his wife, Mary Graves, lived on the Richard 
Fellows allotment. Their son, Samuel F. Billings, who 
married Elizabeth H., daughter of Dexter Allis, repaired 
the house, and his widow with her two sons, Edward H. 
and Louis A., now occupies the place. 

The house on the John Cowles allotment was built 
by Rufus Cowles, who married Fanny P. Moody of 
Amherst. They had one daughter, Lucy Osborn, who died 
in 1893. The place was devised to Rufus H. Cowles, who 
sold it in 1898 to the present owner, Patrick T. Boyle, who 
married Lizzie Brennan of Whately. 

John T. Powers purchased the corner plot of Patrick 
T. Boyle and built a new house in 1902. He married 
Kate McGrath, daughter of Thomas McGrath. Before 
1854 Pliny Day had a wagon and carriage shop on this 
plot, which was removed for a farm building by Moses 
Morton. Just south of this shop was a blacksmith's shop 
and a small unpainted tenement occupied by Waterman 
Bartlett and wife, Melinda. They removed from Hatfield 
about 1855 with their sons, Alonzo and William. 


Main Street, West Side. 

The house on the Zechariah Field allotment was owned 
by Luman Pease, who kept a store on the corner of Main 
and Maple streets about 1828, afterwards by Ebenezer 
Graves, brother of Capt. Thaddeus Graves, then purchased 
by Josiah Brown, who built a new store northerly from 
the dwelling house, and moved the store from the south 
corner to the rear of the new building. Mr. Brown sold the 
property to Erastus Billings, and his sons, Henry P. and 
Erastus F. Billings, kept the store and also a tailor's shop 
on the second floor. Erastus F. Billings was postmaster 
here for a number of years. The store now belongs to 
George A. Billings and the post office is now in this build- 
ing with Edwin L. Graves as postmaster. The upstairs tene- 
ment is occupied by Rupert D. Graves and his wife, who was 
Helen Murphy of Hatfield. The dwelling was owned and 
occupied by William D. Billings, who married Mary L.. 
daughter of James W. Warner. Mr. BiUings was town clerk 
for 47 years. Smith E. Briggs afterwards lived here with 
his mother and sister. The place was bought in 1905 and 
repaired by Reuben Field Wells, who married A. Beatrice 
Fiske of Huntington. They lived there till the spring of 
1909. The house is now occupied by Mortimer H. Bowman, 
superintendent of schools, who came to Hatfield in 1905. He 
was born in Pamelia, N. Y. He married Margaret Wolfe 
of Boston. 

The house on the Hope Atherton allotment was owned 
by Col. Erastus Billings and later by his son, Erastus. 
who married Artemisia Ford of Somers, Conn. They both 
died in Hatfield and their son, George A. Billings, who mar- 
ried Abby F., daughter of Dea. Jonathan S. Graves, now 
lives on the place. The house has been greatly repaired 
and renewed. Henry P., son of Erastus Billings, was 
2d lieutenant in Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the 
Civil war. 

The house on the Stephen Taylor allotment descended 
from Rosvvell Billings to his son David, whose wife was 
Mary A. Wells of Leyden. Their son David married Emma 
E., daughter of Dea. James Porter, and now lives in the 
same house. The social library of Hatfield was kept in this 
house for many years. 


The house on the John and Isaac Graves allotment was 
built in 1856 by John A. Billings, who purchased the lot 
from Samuel D. Partridge and tore down the old house. 
It is now owned and occupied by Samuel F. Billings, Jr., 
who married Sarah Jenny, daughter of William B. and Sarah 
Langdon. A large stone was set in front of the place in 
1906 by the descendants of Thomas Graves, and the "J^^^X 
Lind'' elm is now standing in the street beside it. The 
old brick schoolhouse in front of this place was torn down 
in 1846. 

The next house, built by Oliver Partridge, was afterward 
owned by Miss Lois Dickinson, and was the home of Oliver 
Smith at the time of his decease, and his caretaker. Miss 
Eliza A. Warner. Edwin Brainerd lived here a number of 
years. Otis C. Wells, whose wife was E. Lucelia Loomis, 
daughter of Jonathan C. Loomis of Whately, repaired the 
house in 1880. They both died in Hatfield and their 
children removed from town. Harry L. Howard, who mar- 
ried Mabel L., daughter of George A. Billings, now owns 
the place. 

The next house was built on the Amasa Wells place by 
Charles Morris Billings in 1831. He was a strong anti- 
slavery man, and his home was one of the underground 
railway stations. He married Charlotte White, daughter 
of Ebenezer White. Both died in Hatfield, and were fol- 
lowed by their son, Frederick D. Billings,. whose wife was 
Fanny Hunt of New York. After his decease the family 
removed to California. Joseph Billings, son of Charles M., 
was a member of the 27th Regiment, M.V.M., and also of 
the 2d Heavy Artillery in the Civil war. This place was 
afterward the home of Merritt F. Sampson, whose wife 
was Isadore H. Kenny. She lived before her marriage 
with Dea. Alpheus Cowles. Mr. Sampson was a member of 
the 4th Mass. Cavalry in the Civil war and afterward in 
the regular service. The place was sold in 1909 to William 
H. Burke, son of John and Mary Burke. 

On the Eleazer Frary allotment Lucy Smith, the last 
survivor of Capt. Elijah Smith's children, lived until her 
decease in 1864. Frederick D. Billings lived here for sev- 
eral years, and it is now owned and occupied by Roswell 
Billings, son of David Billings. He married Carrie E.. 



daughter of Dea. Jonathan Graves. In recent years the two 
large elms have been blown down by severe windstorms, the 
one in the street in 1879, and the one in the dooryard 
in 1895. (See illustration on page 44.) 

The next house, called the Ur. Lyman place, was occu- 
pied by Dwight P. Morton and his wife, Chloe Cole, This 
house was torn down after Mr. Morton moved to the home 
of his father, Moses Mortoii. The large elm tree spoken 
of by Mr. Partridge died and was taken down in 1907. 
On the corner «f this lot stood the town hall until it was 

moved to the rear of the present meetinghouse about 1849. 
The Dickinson Memorial hall now stands on this lot, the 
gift to thf town of .Samuel II. Dickinson, It was built in 
1S94. The sohoolhouse built in the rear of the meeting- 
house in \H4<> was moved to thi.s lot and torn down in 1908 
by .MlitTl W. Morton, the present owner. 

The next house, the Squire Smith ])lace, was torn down 
in 18,^2. This lot was secured for public use. The ceme- 
tery was laid out and the south center district schoolhouse 
built on this lot in 1M6. The meetinghouse was built here 


n 1849, and the old town hall moved to a site in the rear 
)f the meetinghouse next to the schoolhouse. The present 
own hall and the parsonage were built in 1852. Rev. Henry 
^eill, the eighth pastor of the church, lived in the Squire 
imith house and the Rev. Jared O. Knapp was the first 
castor to occupy the parsonage. The large elm tree in front 
)f the meetinghouse fell to the ground of old age in 1868. 
The elm trees now there were set out in 1876. The town 
ilock was placed in the belfry in 1898. Rev. R. M. Woods 
noved in 1887 to the Sophia Smith house and the parson- 
ige was occupied by DeForest E. Shattuck, who married 
Augusta Warner of Bernardston, until his death, Aug. 7, 
.909. He was a member of the 1st Vermont Cavalry in 
he Civil war. The brownstone steps at the front door 
Df the parsonage are the sa^me as were in front of the 
rd. Israel Williams house, built before the French and 
[ndian war. Rev. Irving A. Flint moved into the house 
Feb. 1, 1910. He was born in Braintree, Vt. 

The next house, in which Moses C. Porter lived, is now 
)wned by Frederick H. Bardwell and occupied by Thomas 
f. Ryan, who married Mary Ryan, daughter of James and 
Mary Ryan, and by Percy L. White, who came from 
Chicopee Falls in 1909. His wife was Clara B. Ellsworth 
3f Chester. It was for many years the home of Caleb D. 
Bardwell, a veteran of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M. Mrs. 
Bardwell was a daughter of James W. Warner. Howard 
W. Dickinson, principal of Smith Academy, 1894-1904, 
lived here after his marriage to Anna Graves, daughter of 
Thaddeus Graves, until they left town. In front of this 
bouse is the only hackberry tree in Hatfield. 

The next house, on the John Allis allotment, was repaired 
and renewed by Silas G. Hubbard in 1851. He married 
Rhoda W., daughter of Justin and Dolly Hastings. Mr. 
Hubbard died in 1890. His widow now lives on the place. 
The large elm tree in front at one time had a spread of 
t)ranches one hundred feet across. 

The next house, on the Obadiah Dickinson allotment, 
was, after the decease of Israel Morton and his widow, 
Lucy Lyman Morton, purchased by Fred P. Pease, who 
came from Ludlow. He married Harriet Lilla, daughter 
of Arnold M. Peck. She survives her husband and occupies 


the place with a son, Arnold, and daughter, Mildred. Fred 
G. Howard, who married Etta Black of Florence, rents a 
part of the house. 

Smith Academy, the gift of Sophia Smith, and the town 
schoolhouse, were both built on the Samuel Kellogg allot- 
ment in 1871. 

The next house, across School Street on the Tohn 
Hawkes allotment, was occupied by Theodore Baggs, who 
married (1) Harriet, daughter of Justin Hastings, and (2) 
Nellie E., daughter of Luman M. Moore. Mr. Baggs kept 
a hotel here a number of years and after his decease the 
heirs sold the place to James L. Day, who now occupies it 
with his wife, Mary Connelly, from Worcester, Mass. 

The next house was built by John F. O'Dea in 1904 and 
is occupied by him and his wife, who was Barbara Hold- 
felder of Hatfield. 

The next house, on the Richard Morton allotment, after 
the decease of Joseph Smith, was occupied by John E. 
Waite, then by Caleb Dickinson, and is now owned and 
occupied by Thomas Dea, who married Mary McGrath 
of Hadley. 

The next house, called the Seth Bardwell place, was 
owned and occupied by Alpheus Longley, who married 
Lois, daughter of Seth Bardwell. Mr. Longley was for 
some years postmaster and kept the office in the old house. 
The land is now owned by E. Seward Warner, who tore 
the house down in 1893. Mr. Warner's mother was Louisa, 
daughter of Alpheus Longley. Obed Smith once had a 
store on tfie south corner of this lot. 

The next house, on a part of the Solomon Dickinson lot, 
was built by Myron Dickinson, who came to Hatfield from 
Whately in 1873, and afterward purchased by Charles G. 
Waite, who was born in Whately and returned from the 
West and married Matilda C. Marsh, widow of Chester 
Marsh. It has been owned and, since 1897, occupied by Dr. 
Charles A. Ryrne, who married Mary Shank of Hamilton. 
Ohio. A small schoolhouse once stood on this part of the 

The next house, on the site of the Solomon Dickinson 
house, which was burned in 1868, was built in 1871 bv 
E. Ashley Bardwell, who married Sarah E., daughter of 


William H. Dickinson. After Mrs. Bardwell's decease 
Wilder B. Harding and wife, who was Sarah Houghton of 
Putney, Vt., the principal and preceptress of Smith Acad- 
emy, lived here for some years. It was afterward pur- 
chased by Maj. Charles S. Shattuck, who served with the 
6th Vermont Infantry in the Civil war. His wife, now 
deceased, was Addie M. Doolittle of Hinsdale, N. H. Mr. 
Shattuck now lives on the place with his niece, Mary 
Thayer, who married Vernet H. Keller of Ohio. 

The next place, the Elijah Dickinson house, was torn 
down in 1892 by Edward B. Dickinson. The site is now 

The next house, called the John Brown place, is now 
occupied by his widow, Augusta S., who was a daughter 
of Josiah Allis. Her daughter, Harriet A., who married 
George B. Barnes of Warehouse Point, Conn., lives with 
Mrs. Brown. The north center schoolhouse once stood on 
this lot. 

The next house, on the Benjamin Waite allotment, was 
occupied by Jeremy Morton and his wife, who was Tem- 
perance McCullock. Both died in Hatfield. Matthew J. 
Ryan and wife, who was Jane, daughter of Nicholas and 
Margaret Powers, now live on the place. 

The next house was occupied by Richard T. Morton, 
afterward by Champion Dickinson, then by one Lockjaw, 
then by Edward Proulx, who married Hannah Larkin. 
He now lives on the place with his son, Michael J. Proulx 
and wife, who was Mary Hamel, daughter of Marble 

The next house, called the Abijah Bliss place, was occu- 
pied by his son, William C. Bliss, whose wife was Laura 
Munson of Whately. He was a prosperous brobmmaker. 
Both died in Hatfield. Afterward this place was owned by 
Levi L. Pease, who came from Ludlow. He married (1) 
Amelia L., daughter of William C. Bliss, and (2) Fidelia 
Murdock of Baltimore, Md. Both wives are deceased. 
He now occupies the place. He was a member of the 46th 
Regiment, M.V.M., during the Civil war. 

The next house was owned and occupied by George 
W. Smith, who married Dolly Bliss, widow of Austin 


Bliss. Frank Dugal purchased the same and his widow and 
son, Archie, now occupy the place. 

The next house upon King's Hill was built by one Wil- 
lard, afterward occupied by Joseph Richards, who was a 
member *of Co. C, 27th Regiment, M.V.M. He died at 
Andersonville. The next occupant was Matilda S. Marsh. 
Marble Hamel lived here and was ferryman to Hadley. 
The place is now owned by John J. Breor, who married 
Emma, daughter of Mr. Hamel, and succeeded him as 

The next house was built in 1909 by John Anabel of 
Hadley, who married John J. Breor's daughter, Irene. 

Main Street, East Side. 

On the east side of Main Street in Little Meadow, so 
called, is a house built by Joseph Celtka in 1906. He sold 
it in 1909 to Peter and Franczika Mazukaitis. 

The next house is now the home of Joseph Levitre. The 
building was formerly the north center district schoolhouse 
and once stood on the John Brown home lot. 

The next house is the home of Anthony Douglass, who 
married Lizzie Bolac of West Hatfield. This house was 
once the northerly wing of the Alvin L. Sanderson home- 

The next house was the site of the Roger Dickinson 
dwelling. The present house was built by Charles H. 
Jones, who married Angelia, daughter of William C. Bliss, 
and removed to Northampton. The place was afterward 
occupied by George L. Marsh, who married Bessie Owen 
of Belchertown, then by Michel Proulx. His widow, Han- 
nah Twoniey, and her son, Alfred B. Proulx, now occupy 
the same. 

The next house, so long used as a tavern, w-as built by 
Dwight Smith about 1830, and enlarged by Solomon Mosher. 
Orsamus Marsh, who married Harriet Smith of Hadlev, 
kept tavern here 45 years. He was also a ferryman and 
had a horseboat : afterward a wire across the river. He 
was succeeded by Lemuel S. Bliss, who married Martha 
E. Claghorn ; then by Michael J. Proulx and Frank O. 
Rarchvell : tlien bv John T. and William H. Burke. The 


place is now owned by Levi L. Pease, Benjamin M. Warner, 
and Matthew J. Ryan. The hotel barn was removed in 1908. 
George L. Marsh, son of Orsamus, was a member of Co. 
K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. 

The next house was built by Austin Bliss and was owned 
and occupied by his son, Lemuel S. Bliss, who kept a 
grocery and drug store in the ell part of the house. He was 
followed by Lemuel A. Waite and wife. Their daughter^ 
Myra L. Waite, married Horace Shumway, who now owns 
the place. It is occupied by John Bitner, who married 
Margaret Dea of Northampton. 

The next house, which was built by Hiram Marsh, was 
long the home of William Dougherty, a painter. His wife 
was Elvira B. Osborn of Hadley. Their children all re- 
moved from Hatfield. The place is now occupied by 
Edward A. Ryan and his wife, who was Kate A. Twomey 
of Whately. 

The next house, also built by Hiram Marsh, was the 
home of Alvin L. Sanderson, who married Janette Reed of 
Whately. Their daughter, Mary Jane, married Frank W. 
Prince, and they now live on the place. 

The next house was built by Caleb Dickinson, son of 
Giles Dickinson of Whately, about 1861. Caleb married 
Almaria L., daughter of Rodolphus Rice of Conway. The 
family removed from Hatfield, and George SaflFer, who 
married Mary, daughter of Patrick Boyle, now lives on 
the place. 

We now come to the first house on the east side of 
Main Street spoken of by Mr. Partridge, that of Jeremiah 
Bardwell, whose wife was Rosamond Harris. They both 
died in Hatfield. The house was repaired in 1907 by John 
L. Proulx, who now lives here with his wife, who was 
Delvina Parent of Hadley. Charles Smith lived some years 
on this place. 

The next house, built by Caleb Dickinson, was occupied 
by Caleb D. Bardwell; afterwards by Albert Webber, and 
since his decease by his widow, who was Emma D. Sander- 
son of Conway, and their daughters. 

The next house was the Elijah Bardwell house. He was 
known as Squire Bardwell. The house he lived in was 
moved to North Street and is the home of William B. 


Langdon. One wing of the old house is now the home of 
Margaret Hade on School Street. The present brick house 
was built in 1864 by Henry F. Bardwell, who married 
Alice L., daughter of John D. Brown. Mr. Bardwell was 
a grandson of Squire Bardwell and also a member of Co. 
F, 27th Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. The house is 
now occupied by Dr. A. J. Bonneville and his wife, who was 
Agnes Gertrude Hunt of Providence, R. I. 

The next house, on the Nathaniel Foot allotment, was 
the home of William H. Dickinson, who married Angeline, 
daughter of Justin Waite. The old house was removed 
to North Street in the rear of Major Shattuck's lot. Mr. 
Dickinson and his son, William C. Dickinson, built the large 
new house, now standing, in 1875. Both William H. and 
William C. Dickinson are deceased and their widows now 
live on the place. Mrs. William C. Dickinson was Clara 
L., daughter of Thaddeus Graves. 

•The next house, on the Philip Russell allotment, was 
the home of Lieut. Samuel Smith and the birthplace of his 
son, Oliver Smith. It was afterward owned by William H. 
Dickinson, who moved the house to North Street, where it 
now stands, used as a tenement. The hollow buttonball 
tree is still standing, but the site is now vacant. 

The next house, on the above lot, was built in 1901 by 
Emma A., Mary L., and Ellen A., daughters of James O. 
Waite, and is now occupied by Webster A. Pease and his 
wife, who was Anna Hastings of Amherst. 

The next house, Qn the Samuel Gillett allotment, was 
occupied by James Morton, son of Ebenezer Morton, and 
repaired after Mr. Morton removed from town, by Charles 
G. Waite. I think Moses Morton and Charles N. Coleman 
each lived a few years in the house. It was purchased 
by Cordelia A., wife of Elisha Hubbard, who died here. 
She now lives on the place. 

The next house, on the John Wells allotment, w^as owned 
by Boswell Controy and afterward purchased by John 
McHu^h, whose wife was Mary Kounalty. Their son, 
John McHngli, Jr., tore down the old house in 1904 and 
rebuilt on the same place. The scroll and casing of the 
front door of the old house, supposed to have been built by 
Sanniel Hastings before the French and Indian war, are 


preserved in Memorial hall. Mr. McHugh now lives on 
the place with his son, John McHugh, Jr., who married 
Helen A. Welch of Hadley. 

The next house was built by Charles Smith about 1820. 
He married Oritha Morton, daughter of Ebenezer Morton. 
Both died in Hatfield. Afterward William P. Allis, who 
married Amelia Baker, lived here. He built a large stock 
barn on the site, which was. burned in 1884. The family 
removed from Hatfield and John Hervey Howard, whose 
wife was Emma Bullard of Swanzey, N. H., purchased the 
place and built the village store, which he now occupies. 
Mr. Howard came from Easthampton in 1879. He was 
a member of Co. C, 10th Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil 

The next house, on the Silas Porter place, is occupied 
by Silas Porter, son of Theodore Porter, who was a shoe- 
maker. His shop was torn down in 1908. The large elm 
tree is now standing in front of the house, which has a 
very old appearance. The town of Hatfield owns the place, 
subject to the life estate of the occupant, Silas Porter. A 
schoolhouse, which stood on the north corner of this lot, 
burned at the fire of William P. Allis's barn in 1884. 

In 1860 David F. Wells built a store north of his house. 
This was burned down in 1878. On this site once stood 
the house of Frederick Chapin, in which he lived with his 
sons, Frederick W. and Camilas. The house was torn' 
down and they lived on the Smith Academy lot. On this 
site also John F. Burke built a new house in 1903 and he 
now lives on the place with his wife, who was Nellie 

The next house was built by Dr. Addison S. Peck about 
1837. He removed with his family from Hatfield. David 
F. Wells, who married Harriet, daughter of Solomon Dick- 
inson, purchased the place. Both Mr. Wells and his w^fe 
died in Hatfield, and Samuel H. Dickinson, Abby H. Dick- 
inson, and George W. Hubbard, who married Philura T., 
daughter of Solomon Dickinson, all lived and died here. 
The place is now owned by George Eberlein, the village 
blacksmith. He married Maria E. Zoller. 

The next house, the Perez Morton house, was occupied 
by his son, Edwin Morton, and two maiden daughters. 


Mary and Dorothy. They all died in Hatfield. It is now 
occupied by a nephew, Eugene I. Morton, who married 
Maria L., daughter of Jonathan D. Porter. 

The next place, the Elijah Bardwell place, is now occu- 
pied by his son, Frederick H. Bardwell, who married Maria 
I., daughter of Lucius G. Curtis. The barn was once the 
old meetinghouse. There was a country store just south of 
this house, kept by Moses Morton. This was moved back 
from the street by Elijah Bardwell and used as a broom 
shop, as he was a broom maker. This has been torn domi. 

The house south of this was built in 1909 by Jonaihtn 
E. Porter and is occupied by Mrs. Myron C. Graves >Biid 
her stepmother, Mrs. Moses C. Porter. :-*iT 

The next place, the Edward Benton allotment, :«u 
owned by Oliver Smith, but he did not live on it. JlfeMS 
Morton purchased it and sold it to Hannah W. SHuth, 
widow of Joseph Smith. She built the present house iit 1863. 
Joseph S. Wells, who married Emma, daughter of 'Duid 
G. Phelps of West Lebanon, N. H., lived on the phce 
for thirty years. He sold it in 1909 to Malcolm Crawford, 
who married M. Antoinette Morton. He came from Put- 
ney, Vt. The row of elm trees in front of this and the 
Dr. White place was set out in 1862. Edward J. MacLane, 
a painter, who came from Vermont, occupies the place with 
his wife, who was Minnie Sizer of Holyoke. 

The next house, on the John White, Jr., allotment, was 
occupied by Elisha Wells, who remodeled the house in 
1870. His son, Daniel W. Wells, now lives on the place. 
He married Hannah A., daughter of Dea. Reuben H. Belden 
of Bradstreet, who died Jan. 28, 1909. He was a member 
of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. Dr. 
Daniel White, who kept a tavern here, was the first post- 
master in Hatfield. His widow, Sarah Fitch Burt, who 
survived him, lived here and died in 1870, aged 91. 

The next house was built by Sophia Smith in 1867. She 
was the founder of Smith College and Smith Academy. 
She died here in 1870. The place was occupied afterward 
by George A. Billings, who removed to his father's house, 
and it has since been owned by Smith Academy and occu- 
pied by the family of Rev. Robert M. Woods, D.D., who 
died June 19, 1909. His wife was Anna Fairbanks daughter 



of Rev. Samuel Fairbank, a missionary of the A. B, C. F. 
M. in India, where she was born. 

The next house is the one Austin Smith occupied with 
his sisters. Harriet and Sophia, now owned by Smith 
Academy. Smith College alumnae recently placed a bronze 
tablet on the house to mark the birthplace of Sophia Smith. 
The well-sweep in the south yard was the last in the village 

to be removed, about 1860. William D. Billings, town clerk 
from 1858 to 1905, lived here for several years and his 
widow, who was Mary Warner, daughter of James W. 
W'arner, now rents the place. 

The next house, the Joseph D. Billings place, is now 
occupied by his daughter, Mary A., who married Edward 
B. Dickinson. The house has the same appearance as of 
old. having been kept in excellent repair. It was built in 
1783 by Lieut. David Billings. 

The next, which was the Dr. John Hastings place, was 
afterward occupied by his son, Chester Hastings, and later 
owned by Joseph D. Billings. It was torn down a few 
years ago by Edward B. Dickinson, his son-in-law. and the 
site is now vacant. 

The next house, which was Dr. Hastings' office remod- 
eled into a dwelling, was occupied for a time by Ohed 


Hastings, a son of Chester Hastings, who removed from 
Hatfield. The place was afterward purchased by Luman 
M. Moore. He married Melissa L., daughter of Henr\' 
Wilkie, 2d. Both died in Hatfield. It was sold in 1909 
by their daughter, Nellie E., who married Theodore Baggs, 
to Dennis E. Holley. His wife was Hattie Matson. It 
was occupied for a few years by David I. Mullany, who 
married Margaret, daughter of Nelson Allaire. 

The next lot was the home of Hon. John Hastings, and 
occupied in our memory by tenants. This house was 
removed by Samuel F. Billings, whose heirs now own the 
land. The house site is vacant, while the house is now 
standing on the Samuel F. Billings place and used as a 

The next house, on the Hon. John Hastings lot, was 
built by Charles J. Abbott in 1902. He married Elizabeth 
Hastings, daughter of Samuel F. Billings. Mr. Abbott 
died in Hatfield and his widow owns the place. It is 
occupied by Aurin Wood, who married Florence Bullard. 
They came from North Grafton. 

The next house was the home of Samuel Hastings, son 
of Hon. John Hastings; afterward occupied by John A. 
Billings and then by Otis C. Wells. It is now owned by 
Albert W. Morton and occupied by tenants. 

The next house, across Bridge Lane, was Dwight Par- 
tridge's home. He removed to New York state and it was 
the home of Moses Morton, who married Sophia, daughter 
of Dea. Cotton Partridge. Both died in Hatfield, and 
their son, Dwight P. Morton, lived here with his wife, 
Chloe Cole. Their unmarried son, Albert W. Morton, 
is now upon the place. Their oldest son, Josiah L. Morton, 
was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the 
Civil war, and afterward removed to the West. 

The site of the old toll house at the bridge is now in 
the Connecticut river. It is not known when the old bridge 
was removed, but the bridge company sold the toll house 
and site to l^eter Ingram of Amherst in 1823, and it was 
probably removed before that date. It was built in 1807 by 
lottery and Dr. Joseph Lyman preached a sermon on the 
openin£^ of the bridp^e. 

^J'ho lioiise standini^ at the head of Main Street, called 


the Capt. Thaddeus Graves house, was long occupied by 
his widow, who was Polly Gerry, a daughter of Nathan 
Gerry. Her son, Edwin Graves, was first sergeant in Co. 
F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war, and died of 
wounds received in the Battle of the Wilderness. His 
widow, who was Ursula Moody, was made postmistress 
and for many years kept the post office in the house. The 
place was then occupied by Edgar P. Lyman with his cousin, 
Achsah Lyman, a niece of Mrs. Israel Morton. One part 
of the house is occupied by Eugene Bushee. It is owned by 
E. Langdon Graves. 

Valley Street, East Side. 

The next house, on the east side of Valley Street, was 
built by the maiden daughters of Nathan Gerry, Martha 
and Lucretia, about 1836. They were tailoresses and made 
clothing for the youth of the village. Afterward Mary 
Esther, daughter of Capt. Thaddeus Graves, who married 
Sylvanus Miller of New York, lived here, then Edwin M. 
Graves, son of Sergt. Edwin Graves, lived here with his 
wife, Carrie L., daughter of William B. Langdon. She 
survives him and now occupies the place with two sons 
and one daughter. 

The next and last house is the Erastus Cowles place, 
built in 1831. He married Olive, daughter of Zebina Dick- 
inson. Both died in Hatfield. Their son, Augustus D., 
was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil 
war. A younger son, Edward C. Cowles, was a member 
of Co. F, 27th Regiment, M. V. M., in the Civil war. Ernest 
Godin, who married iVmelia, daughter of Joseph Smith, now 
occupies the place. 

South Street. 

Coming back to the East Division road and below the 
meadow gate we follow the building of recent years. The 
first house on the east side of the road was built by Joseph 
Viszaway in 1903. His daughter Theresa, who married 
John Wesaloski, was the first girl of Polish descent to be 
bound out under the will of Oliver Smith. 

The next house, built by Erastus Billings for his foreman, 
Gottlieb Decker, is now occupied by Charles L Stowell, 


who married I'^annie, daughter of Dexter and Emeline 

The next house was built in 1903 by Michael and Mar}' 

The next house, on the west side of the road, was built 
by Michael and Katie Piwatka in 1908. 

The next house was the Windsor Smith store, moved 
from the corner of the Capt. Thaddeus Graves place, and 
was long the livery stable of Horace Shumway. It is 
now owned by John Yarrow. 

The next house was built by Frank Zagrodnick. 

Maplf. Strekt. 

Beginning on the north side of Maple Street, on the 
Zechariah l^^ield allotment, is the house built by Pliny Day. 
son of Joel Day, who lived on School Street. Pliny's wife 
was Chloe. She afterward married Capt. Samuel PiLrsons 
of Northampton. They had no children and aft^>' his 
decease in 1853 the wagon shop on the opposite side 'JJit the 
road was closed. The place is now owned by Miss €jjnielia 
A. Billings, a daughter of Capt. Silas Billings. \^E>- 

The next house, the Moses Field place, was p i i g||| to cd 
by Alpheus Cowles, who married Sophia Wells of I>^^en. 
A new house was built in 1841 and they now live'liherc 
at an advanced age. 

Tlie next house was built after the Deacon Warner liouse 
was burned in 1855, by his son, Moses Warner, who lived 
here with his sisters, Mrs. Mercy Hubbard and Mrs. Sarah 
Morgan. They all died in Platfield in February, 1857. The 
place is now owned and occupied by John Firtch and wife, 

On the opposite side of Maple Street is the house built 
by Hon. (ieorge W. Hubbard, who married Philura T.. 
daughter of Solomon Dickinson. They afterward lived 
with tlieir brother, Sanniel H. Dickinson, on Main Street. 
Both died in Hatfield. Thev had no children. E. Seward 
Warner purchased the place and married Mary Julia Hunt 
of Xew York. She died at the age of twenty-seven. Mr. 
Warner and his two daughters now live on the place. 

The brick house next was the home of James \V. Warner. 


who married Louisa Longley. The place is now owned by 
his son, E. Seward Warner, and occupied by tenants. 
Jonathan D. Warner, brother of James \V.. was a member 
of Co. C, 10th Regiment, M.V.M,, in the Civil war. 

The next house was built by Baltazar John Goetoski in 
1903. This man is called Joe Belden. He now occupies 
the place. 

Elm Street, Sol'th Side. 

Now crossing Hill bridge, going up Elm Street, is the 
Edward Church place, owned and occupied by Dea. James 
Porter, who married Sarah Randall of Belchertown. 

The next house, built by Col. Oliver Partridge, was the 
home of Levi Graves, Jr.. who married Tabitha, daughter of 
David Field of Conway. He removed to Springfield with 

his family and, at his decease, willed the use of his Hatfield 
farm to the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign 
Missions, the Congregational Home Missionary Society, 
and the American Bible Society. It has since been called 
the "Missionary Farm" and for many years has been occu- 
pied by Alfred E. Breor as tenant. He married Catherine 


The next house, called the Levi Graves house, was, after 
his decease, occupied by his son, Dea. Jonathan S. Graves, 
whose wife was Caroline Smith, followed by his son, Alfred 
H. Graves, who married Anna H. Breed of New York. 
Their son, Murray B. Graves, and his wife, who was Emma 
B., daughter of Charles A. Jones, live with them. 

Next, on the Ebenezer Fitch lot, Benjamin M. Warner 
built a new house in 1898. He married Ella E., daughter 
of George C. Fitch. They now live on the place w^ith their 
three daughters. 

The old Fitch house on the same lot was occupied by 
John T. and George C. Fitch and afterward by Benjamin 
M. Warner. It is now occupied by tenants. The house 
has been kept in good repair. 

The next house, also on the Fitch lot, was built and 
occupied by John T. Fitch in 1843, and also occupied by 
George C. Fitch. It was long the home of William M. 
Jones, whose first wife was Julia Packard of Pellmm, and 
second, Nancy F. Rhoades. After their decease it was used 
by Benjamin M. Warner as a tenement. 

The next house was the Henry Hitchcock place and was 
occupied by Silas and Leonard Hitchcock. Eldad Stebbins 
and his son, Giles Stebbins, lived here a few years: 
afterward it was occupied by Charles L. Graves, who mar- 
ried (1) Fanny Hamilton, and (2) Susan Wing. His 
widow now lives here with her son, Edward, and daughter, 

The next house was occupied by widow Bethia Packard 
and son, George. Both died in Hatfield and the house was 
torn down. The site is vacant and is now a part of the 
Charles L. Graves home lot. Seth Kingsley, father of 
Moses W. Kingsley, once occupied this house. 

llie next house was built by Charles E. Kingsley about 
1857. His wife was Chloe Dane of Whately. The place 
is now owned by Thaddeus Graves, and used as a tene- 

The next house, on the Solomon Graves place, is owned 
and occupied by his son, Thaddeus Graves, who married 
Mary A., daughter of John Hubbard. The two small 
houses on this lot were built bv Thaddeus Graves and used 
by him as tenements. 


The next house, which was once the home of Elijah N. 
Sampson and stood on the corner of the lot of Isaac B. 
Lowell, was removed to this lot by Mack LaMountain, who 
came from Canada. It is now owned by his son, Henry 
LaMountain, who married Fosine, daughter of Alfred 

The next house, built bv Thomas Whalen about 1860, 
is now owned by his son, Dennis, and occupied by Thomas 
W. Ryan, who married Hannah, daughter of Thomas 

The next house was built by a Mr. Rowe, who was a 
blacksmith and soon left town. It was owned afterward 
by Henry S. Porter, then by Jonathan D. Porter, now by 
Patrick T. Boyle. It is occupied by tenants. 

The next house is the Richard Fitzgerald place. He mar- 
ried Mary Brown and built the house about 1863. His wife 
died in Hatfield. He now occupies the place with his 
daughter, Mary, who married Edward Burke. 

The next house was built by Peter Pianker and wife in 

The next house was built by John Ryan and is now 
occupied and owned by Homer Raboin. 

The next place was built by Joseph Bush, who removed 
from town. Afterward Louis Raboin moved the house to 
the east and used it as a shop and built a new two-story house 
on the old site. His son, Israel Raboin, now occupies the 

The next house was built by Walter William Crump in 
1898. He married Eva, daughter of Joseph Patrick, and 
removed from town. 

The next house, the Mary Dunn place, was occupied by 
Joseph Patrick. He removed from town. This and the 
Crump house are now owned by Benjamin M. Warner and 
occupied by tenants. 

The next house, opposite Banks corner, which at one time 
was the Samuel Graves cornhouse, was removed by Mack 
LaMountain to the present site and converted into a dwell- 
ing, where he lived until he removed to his later place on 
Elm Street. His son, Henry LaMountain, now owns the 
place and it is occupied by tenants. 

The John Wilson house, near the Northampton line, was 


torn down by Charles L, Warner, who now owns the land. 
This was called by Mr. Partridge the Kelly house. 

On the northerly side of this road the Tom Banks house 
has disappeared. 

Banks Corner Road. 

The Ebenezer Dwight house, on the road leading to the 
railroad station, was burned, and Alvin L, Strong owns the 
farm. Mr, Dwight died in Hatfield. The family removed 
from town. 

The next house, on the Col, Israel Chapin place, was built 
by Aniariah Strong; afterward owned by Jacob Carl and 
now owned by Henry A. Wade, who married Kate Par- 
tenheimer. He enlarged and repaired the house and it is 
now occupied by him with his son, Charles W., who married 
Nellie, daughter of Henry W. Bardwell of Whately. 

The next house, opposite the railroad station, was buiil 
by William Curtis and afterward occupied by John Vaile. 
John Denlein now owns the place. He married Mary, 
daughter of Henry Stenglein. 

Elm Street, North Side. 

Returning to the Northampton road we find the cabins 
of the negro settlement are now destroyed and the five 
houses recently built are owned as follows : John and Nellie 
Pelc, built in 1904; Jorko Watoszn, built in 1905; John 
and Agnes Kosior, built in 190fi, now owned by Syniko ami 
Katie Karkut; John and Margaret Karakula, built in 190i; 
John Vachula, built in 1903. The negro cabins were for 
many years a picturesque feature on the road to Northamp- 
ton. They were occupied by descendants of some of the 
slaves owned in Hatfield in colonial times. 

The next house wa.s built by Michael Larkin about ISS4. 
He married -Ann Mack, The house was occupied by 
Daniel E. Cahill for some years. He moved to Holyoke 
and sold the place to Patrick Fitzgerald and Thomas Fitz- 
gerald, Jr. 

The next three one-story houses were built by John T. 
and George C. Fitch. The first on the westerly side is 
owned by Thomas l'"itzger;iUl, the next by Mary A, Graves. 
and the next by Joseph Raboin. 



The next house was built by Francis Dunikin about 1860. 
It was afterward owned by Mary King, then by Mary 
Esther Miller, and is now owned by Nelson Allaire, who 
married Mary Callahan of Whately. 

The next house, built by Joseph Douyard, who married 
Lena, daughter of Mack LaMountain. is now occupied by 
him. A house was burned on this site, owned by Patrick 

The next house is owned and occupied by John Gendron 
and his wife, who was Kate Callahan of Whately. 

The next house was first the shoemaker's shop of Henry 
Childs and stood where S. W. Kingsley's house now is. 
Austin Abels moved it to its present location and occupied it 
with his wife, who was Aleatha Jones. He built the two- 
story addition now attached to the old shop. Afterward 
Moses W. Kingsley and wife, who was Rachel Curtis, 
lived here. It is now owned and occupied by Mack La- 
Mountain, who married Evelina, daughter of Alfred Jubin- 
ville. Dwight G, Abels, son of Austin, was a member of 
Co. K. 52d Regiment, M.V.M.. in the Civil war. 


The next house was built by Lorenzo P. Dole, who 
married (1) Abigail Packard, (2) Anna Dunikin. He had 
one daughter, who died young, and one son, Benjamin, 
who now lives in Hatfield. The place is now owned by 
Valentine Porado. 

The next house was built by Ashley Graves, who removed 
to the West. It was the home for about forty years of 
Jonathan D. Porter and after him of his son, Frank K. 
The former married Phila E., daughter of Jeremy Morton. 
She sold the place in 1909 to Patrick T. Boyle. 

The next house, the Timothy Graves place, is now owned 
by Charles L. Warner and used as a tenement. The large 
elm trees mentioned by Mr. Partridge are now standing 
in front of the house. 

The next house was built by Samuel Graves. It was 
afterward owned and occupied by Fred Allaire and now by 
Patrick J. Whalen, who married Catharine A. Mahar of 

The next place, the Ebenezer White tavern, was moved 
to the rear by John T. Fitch and used as a tobacco ware- 
house. He built in 1861 the large two-story house on the 
same site. His widow, who was Julia A. White, lived, 
until her death in 1909, in this house with Charles L. War- 
ner, who married her daughter, Maria L. Fitch. Charles 
E. Warner, son of Charles L., who married Myra, daughter 
of Henrv H. Field of North Hatfield, now lives here also. 

The next house, the Chester Porter place, was occupied 
for many years by Lewis S. Dyer, who married Mary, 
daughter of Chester Porter. The family removed from 
Hatfield. The place is now owned by Dennis Whalen, who 
married Marg-aret Sheehan of Hatfield. 

The next house, the Henry S. Porter place, is owned by 
Fred Wenzel, who married Hannah S. Hor. The house 
standing before this one was burned while the familv were 
at tlic Sunday service and was rebuilt in the winter season, 
a thini^ unusual at that period. 

The next place, the Roswell Hubbard home, descended 
to his nei)he\v, Dea. Henry S. Hubbard, who married Mary 
Houi^Hiton of Putney. Vt. Mr. Hubbard died in 1908. Hi^ 
widow and sons, Silas G. and Claude H., and one daughter. 
Olive, now live on the ])lace. 


The next house, on the Silas D. White place, was built by 
Dea. Jonathan Graves in 1868. The old house was moved 
in the rear to the Mill pond and since then has burned. 
Alfred H. Graves first occupied the new house, now owned 
and occupied by Isaac B. Lowell, who came from West 
Springfield. His wife was Annie Addie Streeter of Chico- 
pee and their daughter, Annette, married Ashley H. Thorn- 
dike, principal of Smith Academy 1893 and 1894, and now 
a professor in Columbia University. 

The next house, on the corner of this lot, was the home 
of Elijah N. Sampson and was removed to the Mack 
LaMountain place as already mentioned. Mr. Sampson 
removed to St. Louis, Mo., where one of his sons is now 

The next house, the M. N. Hubbard place, was built in 
1863. Mr. Hubbard married Julia Bodman of Williams- 
burg. After his decease the place was owned by Eli A. 
Hubbard. He was a prominent instructor and a member 
of the Massachusetts Board of Education. The place was 
bought by John S. Carl, who married Mary Augusta, daugh- 
ter of Thaddeus Graves. He died Dec. 29, 1909. Thaddeus 
Graves, Jr., who married Cora King of Sandusky, Ohio, 
occupies a part of the house. The old house on this place 
was moved farther east and used as a tenement till it burned 
in the winter of 1910. 

On the site of the tenement was once a house occupied 
by Ebenezer Boynton. He died in Hatfield and his widow 
and son removed from Hatfield to South Hadley, and the 
house was torn down. Before this the house was the home 
of Capt. John White. 

The next house, on the John Hubbard lot, descended 
to Roswell Hubbard, 2d. He married Fanny, daughter of 
Sergt. Edwin Graves. Both are now living on the place. 
The elm trees spoken of by Mr. Partridge were removed 
for the street railway in 1898. The old cemetery on the 
east of this lot is kept fenced and well cared for by the 
tow^n. Few stones are broken. 

The brick schoolhouse was built in 1869, an old two-story 
schoolhouse having been moved to the south end of what is 
now^ Porter Avenue. 


School Street, South Side. 

Beginning on the south side of School Street the first 
building is the schoolhouse before mentioned, built in 1871. 

The next house was built by Oliver Warner in 1874. Mr. 
Warner died in Hatfield and the family removed from town. 
He was a member of Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M., in the 
Civil war. The place was afterward occupied by Joseph S. 
Wells, and is now owned by Dr. Chester M. Barton, who 
married (1) Clara Whitman, and (2) Jennie, daughter of 
George Stearns of Conway. 

The next house is the rectory of St. Joseph's Church, 
built in 1906. The church was built in 1892-. It has since 
been enlarged and is now the place of public worship of 1300 

The next place was the Zebina Dickinson home. The 
brick house now standing was built by Dr. Alonzo Lewis, 
who died in 1873. It is now owned and occupied by Hugh 
McLeod, who married Helen, daughter of Jonathan E. 

Next, the Jabez Belden place, is owned and occupied by 
Miss Mary A. Dickinson with her sister, Fanny M., who 
married Marshall H. Burke. He died in Hatfield in 1906. 

The next place was occupied by Richard Smith. It is 
now owned and occupied by Jacob Carl, who built the 
present house. He married Abby Partenheimer. Their 
son, Henry W., who married Fanny Stearns of Galesbiirg. 
III., lives with them. The house occupied by Richard Smith 
was removed to the side of the lot. He died here in 1854, 
and the house was then removed to another site, where it 
was burned. Obadiah Smith, son of Richard, was a mem- 
ber of Co. G, 31st Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil w^ar. 

The house of Abraham Billings was occupied by Silas 
Bardwell and his son Oliver. It was torn down by Elijah 
P. Dickinson, who rebuilt upon the site. The place is now 
occupied by his widow, who was Phebe Hemmingway, and 
her niece, Julia, who married William W. Gore. 

The next is the Joel Day place, now occupied by Joseph 
Smith, who came from Canada with his wife, Betsey Good- 

I^he next house is occupied by Patrick McGlynn, who 
married Rose Lawler in 1892. 



The next house is occupied by WilHam P. Boyle, who 
married Annie, daughter of John B. Ryan. 

The next house, owned by Margaret Hade, widow of 
Michael Hade, was once the wing of Squire Bardwell's 
house on Main Street, moved to this location in 1868. 

The next house, on the Benjamin Morton lot, was torn 
down and a dwelling built by Alfred Jubinville on the same 
site. Mr. Jubinville removed from Hatfield and Smith E. 
Briggs now lives on the place with his sister, Mary E. 

School Street, North Side. 

Crossing to the northerly side of School Street, the first 
house" is on the Nehemiah Waite home lot. It is now 
occupied by George Sulick. The house was built in 1900. 

On the Xehemiah Waite place, where Lewis Dickinson 
and sisters lived, the dwelling which Mr. Partridge called 
the Richard Morton house remains standing and for many 
years was occupied by Joseph Godin, who married Emily, 
daughter of Joseph Smith. It is now owned and occupied 
bv Michael \V. Kilev, who married Armena Rohoda of 

On the site of the Jonathan Dickinson house, William 
Hayes built a new house in 1898. He married Nellie, 
daughter of Nicholas and Margaret Powers. His widow 
now lives on the place. 

The Elisha Hubbard place is owned and occupied by 
Michael Hayes, who married Margaret A. Ryan of North- 
ampton. A part of the house is rented to Thomas Mul- 
lany, who married Katherine Higgins of Gloucester. 

The next house is occupied by Charles K. Morton and 
his wife, who was Mary W. Kellogg of South Hadley. He 
was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the 
Civil war. The old sycamore tree is still standing in front 
of the house. 

On the Elijah White place was the home of his son, 
Daniel, who married Lucy Elvira, daughter of Josiah Rice 
of Conway. After his decease his brother, Quartus, who 
married Julia Ann Wilkie, lived here. The widow, of 
Quartus also occupied the place. She married (2) E. L. 
Dickinson and died in Hatfield. Jonathan E. Porter pur- 


chased the place, tore clown the old house, and built a fine 
new one in 1907. He married Mary D. Smith of Hadley. 

The next house, the home of Alpheus Longley, was 
occupied by Quartus White before he lived on the last men- 
tioned place. Dexter Jones afterward occupied the place. 
His widow, Emeline Jones, now lives here. 

The next house, on the Silas Porter tan yard, was built 
by his son, Theodore Porter, in 1824, and purchased by 
Josiah Allis, who married (1) Salome Osborn of Hadley, 
(2) Louisa, daughter of Seth Bardwell. Josiah Allis had 
by his first wife Augusta S., who married John D. Brown, 
and Harriet, who married James Morton. John Bury now 
lives here. 

The next is the market and a tenement built bv Graves & 
Pellissier. It is now owned by Louis J. Pellissier, who 
came from Hadlev. He carries on a successful meat 

The next and last house on School Street was built bv 
Harry E. Graves, who married Ella, daughter of Philip 
Carl. They now occupy the same. This house stands on 
the home lot formerlv of Dexter Allis, deceased. 

Prospf-ct Street, East Side. 

Beginning on the easterly side of Prospect Street after 
crossing Hill bridge was the home of Moses W. Kingsley, 
who married Rachel Curtis. The house he lived in has 
been removed to the foot of the hill and is now a part of 
the blacksmith shop. This was once occupied by Henry 
Childs, a shoemaker, who married Sarah, daughter of David 
Field of Conwav. A new house was built on the site bv 
Scth \\\ Kingsley, who married Mary E., daughter of 
Quartus White. He was a member of Co. K, 52d Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., in the Civil war and now occupies the place. 

'Jlie next house, on the above home lot, was built bv 
Herbert D. Smith, who came from Hadley. He married 
Lida, daughter of Seth \\\ Kingsley. They now occupy 
the place. 

The next house, on the same lot, was built by Harry N. 
Hunt, who came from Hadley and married Harriet, daugh- 
ter of Seth W. Kingsley. After Mr. Hunt's decease the 


widow returned to her father and Henry F. Kingsley, a 
son of Moses W. Kingsley, occupies the place. 

The gas house, next to this place, was built in 1895. 

The next place was the home of Lucius G. Curtis, whose 
wife was Maria Frary. He was a prosperous broom maker. 
Both died in Hatfield. The place is now owned and occu- 
pied by Lewis H. Kingsley, the town clerk of Hatfield. He 
married Lizzie J., daughter of Jonathan W. Dickinson of 

The next house was built by Stephen G. Curtis, who mar- 
ried Mary Reed of Whately. They had two children, who 
both died in Hatfield. It was the home of John E. Doane 
for many years. His widow, Sarah E. Sanderson, married 
John H. Sanderson and they lived there until their death. 
The place iS now occupied by Sanford L. Sanderson. He 
married Martha, daughter of Chauncey Davis of North 
Amherst. John E. Doane was a member of Co. K, 52d 
Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. 

The next house was once a store built by Fitch Brothers 
and afterward the home of Edward Curtis. It is now 
occupied by tenants. 

The next is a brick store built by John T. and George C. 
Fitch. It is now occupied as such by Matthew J. Ryan. 

The next is the lathe shop of J. E. Porter and Hugh 
McLeod, and the gristmill of H. D. Smith on the site of 
the first mill of Thomas Meekins. Harvey Moore once had 
a gristmill here, which was burned. 

Across the mill bridge is the gun shop of Maj. C. S. 
Shattuck and a storehouse a little to the north of the shop. 
This is also the site of the Prescott pistol shop, which was 
burned a number of years ago. Before this Harvey Moore 
had a sawmill here as did also the Fitch Brothers and it was 
probably the site of the first sawmill built by Thomas 
Meekins. The Bay State Screw Company commenced the 
manufacture of automobile supplies here in 1909. 

The next house, built bv Fred Cleval, is now owned bv 
Michael Wiskjewjcz. 

The next is the shop of Henry Wilkie, who was a wheel- 

The next house, on the Lewis Dickinson home lot, was 
built by William Szastowickv in 1905. 


The next house is the home of Gabryel Toezko and 
Walenty Jielenski. 

The next house was built in 1904 by Patrick Brennan, 
who married Mary, daughter of Thomas McGrath, and 
is now owned and occupied by John Wesaloski. 

Crossing Chestnut Street is the site on the corner of 
Obed Smith's store, which was moved from the Alpheus 
Longley lot and remodeled into a dwelling. It was long 
the home of James Sykes and family. The house now on 
the lot is owned by Martin Wilk. 

The next house, formerly owned by Michael Boyle, who 
married Mary Ryan, is occupied by their son, James L. 
Boyle, who married Mary Donovan of Northampton. 

The next house was built by James Buckley and after- 
ward occupied by Michael O'Dea, whose wife was Mary 
Fitzgerald. Their son, James L. Day, sold the place to 
James \\ elch, who married Elizabeth Garvey of Hatfield. 

Prospect Strket, West Side. 

On the westerly side of Prospect Street is the home of 
John and Ricka Wenzel. 

The next house, to the south, was built by John Sheehan. 
He died in Hatfield. His widow, Ellen, and her son, Daniel 
P. Sheehan, who married Mary Holdfelder, now- live on the 

The next, a brick house, was built by Anthony Allaire 
and afterward occupied by Dennis P. McGrath and is now 
owned and occupied by John Sheehan, wdio married Mary, 
daughter of John and Margaret Ryan. 

The house on the corner, occupied by negroes, has passed 
away and the old house on the Henry Wilkie place, once 
occupied by John Curtis, was burned. 

The next house, built bv Henrv Wilkie, 2d. who married 
Sybil Graves, was long the home of Charles E, Wilkie and 
his sister, Charlotte. After their decease it was occupied 
by the widow of Henry Wilkie, 3d, and her grandson, 
r^rank, who married Mary D. Dwyer of Hadley. 

The next house was the home of Thomas Frarv, whose 
wife was Sarah Morton of Whately. Their son, Thomas, 
was a member of Co. D, 27th Regiment, M.V.M., in the 
Civil war and died at Morehead Citv, X. C. The house is 


now owned by Frank Lovett, who married Margaret, 
daughter of Nicholas and Margaret Powers. 

The next house was the home of Lewis Covell, whose 
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Calvin Marsh of Whately. 
■They had three sons in the Civil war: Calvin L., Emerson 
L., and Elihu, all of Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M. Elihu 
died of wounds received in the battle of Gettysburg in 

The next house, just north of the brook, is the home of 
George Doppmann and his wife, who was Eva Zollar. 

The next house was the home of David Chapman, a 
blacksmith. His shop, together with a cider mill, was on 
the common in front of the house and was torn down. The 
house is now the home of Frank Newman. 

The next house across mill bridge was built by Harvey 
Moore and was the home of Levi Moore and John W. 
Field, who was sergeant in Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M., 
and was killed in the Battle of the Wilderness. The place 
is now ow^ned by John W. Kiley, who married Lizzie, 
daughter of John B. Ryan. Horace Shumway lives in a 
part of the house. His wife was Myra L., daughter of 
Lemuel A. Waite. 

The next house, built by Daniel Lynch, is occupied by 
Lawrence B. Waltz, who married Elizabeth G. Mulcare of 

The next house is the home of William Murphy, who 
married Agnes G. Mulcare of Northampton. 

The next place was built by Arthur F. Curtis, and after 
his decease was owned by Alfred Breor. It is now owned 
and occupied by Karol and Peter Zimnowski. 

The next house is the home of Anthony Penkoski and 

The next house was built by Samuel P. Billings after 
the old house of Israel Billings was burned. The new house 
was burned March 23, 1910. It was owned and occupied by 
Allen W. Houghton. 

The next house was built by Lemuel B. Field, who 
removed from town. The place was purchased by Charles 
E. Hubbard, whose wife was Julia Dayton of Northampton. 
He was a member of Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M. , in the 
Civil war. His widow still lives on the place. 


On Porter Avenue, which runs off from Prospect Street, 
the following houses are owned by the Porter Machine 
Works: first house, occupied by L. A. Dube; second house, 
by Albert Matthews ; third house, by Joseph Fox and Frank 
Takubiel; fourth house, by Julius Kociela and William Fox; 
fifth house, by L. A. Schmitter and B. L. Graves. 

The house on the other side of Porter Avenue was built 
in 1904 by Charles Winter and he occupies it. 

North Street. 

Beginning on the northerly side of North Street, formerly 
called Canada Lane after Canada Waite, the redeemed cap- 
tive, the first house on the rear of the Elijah Dickinson 
home lot was built in 1906 by Peter Celtka and John Jack- 
owski and is now occupied by them. 

The next house was the home of Justin Waite. He 
was followed by his son, James O. Waite, who married 
Louisa Lyman of Easthampton. Both died in Hatfield. 
The place was afterward owned by John Burke and is now- 
occupied by his widow, Mary Burke. 

The next house is the Squire Bardwell house, moved from 
Main Street and now occupied by William B. Langdon, who 
married Sarah Gibbs of Ware. Before the house was placed 
on this lot Edwin Brainerd lived l\ere in a small cottage 
house, and later Christian Carl and family occupied the 
place. The cottage was burned. 

The next house was the home of Charles Morton, son of 
Chester Morton. It was a small house and looked old. 
but was not mentioned by Mr. Partridge. It stood just 
south of the corner of King Street and has been torn down. 
Before this Benjamin Morton had a small house on this 

The next house was the home of Justin Hastings. James 
Breor, who married Bridget Curtis, repaired the house, and, 
since the decease of Mrs. Breor, Lawrence A. Powers, who 
married Mary A., daughter of James Breor, has lived with 
Mr. Breor. 

'JMic next house was the home of Arnold M. Peck. The 
house was l)urnc(l and the site is vacant. Joseph Rypka 
now owns the land. 

Just north of tliis on tlie Cow Bridge road w-as a small 


brown house occupied by Eleazer Allis and afterward by 
John Vaile. This house was torn down in 1892. 

The next house, long the home of William Bardwell, who 
married Sabra Swift of Whately, was occupied by John B. 
Ryan. His widow and son, John C. Ryan, now live here. 

There is a house on the top of Clay hill built by Patrick 
Russell, which has had many tenants. It is now owned 
by John C. Ryan. 

At the foot of Clay hill on the southerly side of North 
Street is a small cabin, which was occupied by William 
Boyle, on land of the heirs of William H. Dickinson. It 
is now occupied by Polish tenants. 

The house opposite the Langdon place was the hom.e of 
Chester \forton and was occupied by Edwin Brainerd, 
whose mother married Chester Morton, as his second wife. 
Afterward the place was purchased and repaired by Fred- 
erick Carl, who married Mary Partenheimer. They now 
live here. 

The next house was the home of George Waite. He 
married Melissa Preston of Granby. Both died in Hat- 
field. Their son, Henry L., lived here until he removed 
to Hadley. Edwin Brainerd lived here until his decease, 
as did his widow, Julia, the daugter of Russell Waite. The 
place is now occupied by James L. Bardwell, who married 
Grace Webber, daughter of Albert and Emma D. Webber. 
Two sons of George Waite were in the Civil war: Charles 
P. Waite in Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M., who died at 
White Oak Church, Va., and John E. in Co. K, 52d Regi- 
ment, M. V. M. 

The next house is a tenement belonging to the heirs of 
William H. Dickinson, occupied by John Merrick, who mar- 
ried Annie Heafey of Whately. 

The next house is the birthplace of Oliver Smith, and 
formerly stood on Main Street. It is now occupied by Jacob 
and Charlotte Geis. 

The next, the old home of William H. Dickinson, is now 
owned by his heirs and occupied by tenants. 

King Street. 
Beginning on the northerly side of King Street at the 


corner of Main Street, the first house was built by Frank 
Lampron and is now the home of James and Mary Ryan. 

The next house was built by Eldric Gongeou; afterward 
purchased and repaired by Edward Proulx. It is now used 
as a tenement. 

The next place was the home of John Leary. This was 
a part of the old town hall moved from- Main Street. The 
place was burned in 1900, and his son, John F. Leary, built 
the present house the next year, and now occupies it. He 
married Sarah, daughter of Richard Phillips of Whately. 

John O'Neil built the next house and after his decease 
it was occupied by John J. Breor, who sold it to Alfred H. 
Breor. It is now used as a tenement. 

The next place was built by John Goodchild and after- 
ward rebuilt by Hamilton Dickinson. It is now occupied 
by Louis Murray and his son, Louis Murray, Jr. 

The next house was built by George Gowash in 1909. 

The next house was built by Louis Murray and is now 
owned by Joseph Gowash, who married Mr. Murray's 

On the southerly side of King Street the first house was 
the home of Joseph Pockett, who removed from Hatfield. 
It was long the home of John and Mary Burke. It is now 
owned by Alex and Agnes Koziasz. 

The next house was built by William Burke and is now 
the home of William F. Boyle, who married Anna Quinn 
of Whately. 

The next place was built by William Boyle and is now 
the home of Patrick J. Boyle, who married Mary, daughter 
of Marble Hamel. 

Bridge Street. 

Beginning on the northerly side of Bridge Street in front 
of the Shattuck gun shop, the first house w-as built by 
Thomas Dinsmore and his son, Almeron L. Both removed 
from Hatfield and this place was long the home of John 
Smith. After his decease his widow and sons, John and 
Adam, occupied the place. Alvin D. Dinsmore, son of 
Thomas, was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M.. 
in the Civil war. 

The next house was built by Anthony Allaire, a brick- 


maker, and it is now the home of John H. and Ellen 

The next house was built by Henry Wade and is now the 
home of Joseph E. Stoddard, who married Margaretta 

The next house was built by John Jewski in 1905. This 
is just before the mill swamp is crossed. 

Crossing the Connecticut River Railroad, the first house 
was the home of Thomas Cutter, who was followed by 
his son, James Alonzo Cutter. Both died in Hatfield. 
The place is now owned by his son, William R. Cutter, who 
married Mary A. Dickinson of Hadley. 

The next house, a double one, was built by Alvin L. 
Strong for his sons, Edson W., who married Harriet Bard- 
well, and Eugene S., who married Anna Knight. 

Crossing the street to the southerly side in returning, the 
first building is the West Hatfield chapel. 

The next house, built by J. D. Cutter, was purchased 
by Chester Hastings, who lived here with his son, Ephraim. 
After this it was the home of Philip Carl, who married Min- 
nie, daughter of John Smith, and their son, John S. CarL 
It is now occupied by J. M. Towne and his wife, Magdelene. 

The next house is the tenement of the Connecticut River 
Railroad Company, which was the Alonzo Dennis house. 

Across the bridge is the house built by Frederick Wagner, 
now the home of John S. Denlein, who married Margaret 
Lohr. A short distance east of this house is the road which 
formerly ran to the south on the line of the Charles E. 
Wilkie land, where the house of Henry Wilkie, Sr., stood, 
and ran into the present road on the John Allis lot. 

The next house, the home of John Allis, was purchased 
by Horatio Strong, who married Sarah Elwell of West- 
hampton; he was a soldier in the War of 1812. His son, 
Parmenus Strong, lived here with him until they removed 
to West Hatfield. The old house has been torn down and 
a new one built by the present owner, Michael W. Boyle, 
who married Annie MuUaly of Whately. 

Chestnut Street. 

Beginning at the foot of Stone Pitts, on the northerly 
side of Chestnut Street is the house once stawdm^ oxv \Jcv^ 


site of Smith Academy, once the home of Camilas and 
Frederick Chapin, and then of Daniel W. Allis. It was 
afterward moved to the lot of St. Joseph's Church and used 
as a rectory, and again moved to the present site by E. S. 
Warner and used as a tenement. 

The next house, on the top of Stone Pitts hill, was built 
by Jacob Jandziejszki in 1907, and is now occupied by him. 

The next house was built by David Landry in 1904. 

The next house was built by Frank J. Safler in 1905, 
and is now occupied by him. He married Connie Dopp- 

The next house is the home of Peter Tolpo. 

The next house across the Deerfield road is now occupied 
by Margaret O'Neil. 

The next house is the home of Samuel Osley and was the 
old Pratt house owned by James Mullins and moved to this 

The next house is the home of John and Anna Foosick. 

The next house was built by Joseph Schepp, who married 
Elizabeth Merte. The place is now occupied by Fred \V. 
Schepp, their son. 

The next house was built by John B. Schepp and is now 
owned and occupied by Paul and Beningna Wirgilewicz. 

The next house was built by Antoine Wickles in 1908 
and is now the home of his family. 

The next house was built by Peter Balise. He now lives 
here with his son, Paul Balise, who married Selina Rohoda 
of Florence. 

The next house was built by Robert McGrath. He died 
in Hatfield and his widow and two son?> now live here. 

The next house, built by Michael Whalen, who re- 
moved from town, was the home of John Holdfelder 
and is now owned and occupied by Frank Vollinger, 
who married Mary Lokary of Northampton. 

The next house northerly from the above on the 
old road to the depot was built by James Ormand. 
It was afterward the home of John May, who married Marv, 
daughter of Henry Stcnglein. He died in Hatfield and his 
widow married John F. Betsold. They now occupy the 

The next house, on the old depot road was built by Henry 


Stenglein. He and his wife both died in Hatfield. His son. 
John J. Stenglein, who married Margaret Sitz of Northamp- 
ton, now occupies the place. The road across the Hastings 
pasture is of recent date. The shop on this place was once 
the home of John Betsold. 

Coming back to the new road is the home of George 
Vollinger at the crest of Mill Swamp hill. The road 
through the swamp has been known from earliest times as 
"Middle Going Over." The bridges are old but the fill 
is of comparatively recent date. 

The next house was built by John Vollinger and is now 
occupied by himself and son, John, who married Elizabeth 
Sitz of Northampton. 

The next house across the railroad was built by Patrick 
Boyle. He died in Hatfield. His sons, John L. and Wil- 
liam E., now live on the place. John L. married Bridget, 
daughter of Jerry Heafy of Whately. There was once a 
pail factory on this site, also a steam sawmill. 

Crossing to the southerly side of the street, the first 
house was built by Pliny Billings, son of Abraham; later 
owned by George I. Dickinson, who married Sophia, daugh- 
ter of Moses Morton. It was afterward owned by Adam 
Doppmann, who died in Hatfield. The present occupant 
is his son, Lorenze Doppmann, who married Eva Betsold. 
On this lot near the railroad Adam F. Doppmann built a 
new house in 1907. He married Carrie Hilbert of Hat- 

On the easterly side of the railroad formerly stood the 
Hatfield depot until removed farther south to its present 

The next, the EInathan Hastings place, was purchased by 
Patrick Daly, and was his home for several years. It is 
now occupied by Peter Denlein, who married Margaret, 
daughter of Adam Doppmann. Peter Denlein built a house 
on the site of the old one. 

The next place, called the Pratt house, was purchased 
of William Hurley by James MuUins, who married Kate, 
daughter of Patrick Boyle. The old house was removed 
by Samuel Osley and Mr. Mullins built the new house and 
now lives here. 

The next house was built bv Matthew Xolan. He died. 


and his widow and daughter, Mary A., who married 
Michael O'Dea, now occupy the place. 

The next house was built by Janies Nolan, whose wife 
was Mary Fitzgerald. Both died in Hatfield. The place 
is now owned by their son, Thomas A. Nolan, who built 
the new house just east of the old one. He married (1) 
Bridget Boyle, and (2) Annie L. Keefe of Hadley. The 
old house is occupied by Joseph Schepp, who married Mary 

The next house was built by John Kiley. It is now 
occupied by his widow and her family. 

The next house was built by Nicholas Powers, who mar- 
ried (1) Margaret Cooney, and (2) Margaret Ryan, widow 
of John Ryan. Nicholas Powers died in Hatfield, and his 
widow now lives on the place. 

The next house is the home of John Wilk and wife. 

The next house is the home of Sebastian Meyer and wife. 

The next house is the home of Koskrete Kiakoski and 

The next house is the home of John Lizork and wife. 

The next house was built by Eugene Bushee and pur- 
chased by Anthony Nowak. 

West Street, West Side. 

Beginning on the west side of West Street, or Pantry 
road, at the Northampton line, the first house was the 
home of Nathan Gould, a member of Co. C, 52d Regiment, 
M.V.M., in the Civil war; afterward the home of James 
Sykes and purchased later by David B. Curtis of Co. F, 
37th Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. Lewis Sykes, 
son of James, was a member of the 1st Connecticut Battery 
in the Civil war. The house is now owned and occupied by 
Melvin Dennis, who came from Northampton. 

The next house was built by John F. Fitch; afterward 
occupied by E. A. Dickinson and Austin Abels and his son, 
Nathaniel. Mary A. Abels, daughter of Austin, married 
Alonzo Sweet and lived here. The place was then pur- 
chased by Melvin P. Bradford, who married Louisa, daugh- 
ter of E. S. Munson of Whately. They now live on the 


Turning westerly on the road to the sawmill of Alvin 
L, Strong once stood the home of Lorenz Seitz on what 
is now Mr. Bradford's land. Mr. Seitz was a member of 
Co. F, 37th Regimtent, M.V.M., in the Civil war. He 
removed to Amherst and the house is no longer standing. 

On the opposite side of the road near the sawmill is the 
house built by Daniel Gould ; afterward the home of Joseph 
Stadter, who died in Hatfield. Lewis Casten, who married 
Emma Steele, lived here and it is now owned by Alexander 

The next house was built by William Miller and is now 
the home of William Casten, who married Ricka Miller. 

On what is now the home lot of John M. Strong was 
a small house that Parmenus Strong lived in when he 
removed from the John Allis house. On the corner of 
West Street is the house built by E. Phelps Billings, who 
was killed by an accidental discharge of his gun at the 
corner of the sawmill yard. Parmenus Strong, who mar- 
ried Miranda, daughter of Thomas Frary, purchased the 
place and greatly repaired the house. His son, John M. 
Strong, who married (1) Olive Bardwell of Whately, and 
(2) Addie Cleveland, now occupies the place. 

The next house was built by Lorenzo D. Cutter; after- 
ward occupied by C. C. P. Bardwell, then Amariah Strong, 
then J. C. Melendy, then E. A. Howard, and now owned 
by John J. and Eva Betsold. 

The next house was the home of Albert Pease; next, 
owned by Henry Dwight, who married Flora Field. He 
built a new house on the site and it was occupied for many 
years by his son, Silas S. Dw^ight, who married Isabelle 
L. Parsons. 

The next house was built by Mrs. Alonzo Dennis. 
Alonzo Dennis was a member of Co. B, 31st Regiment, 
M.V.M., in the Civil war. He died at Fort Jackson, La. 
He lived in the Abraham Billings house on the corner, on 
the chapel site. 

The next house was built by Isaac Sampson in 1840; 
afterward the home of James Howes from Ashfield; then 
owned by Anthony Bolack, a member of Co. B, 31st Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. He died at Brasche City, 
La. This place was for some time the home of Johu Sva\\.Vv 


and wife, Minnie. He died in Hatfield and .the family 
removed to Springfield. The place is now owned by Joseph 

The next house was built by Charles Casten. It was 
later occupied by Andrew Hilbert and is now the home of 
his widow, Margaret Hilbert. A small schoolhouse was 
once on or near this site. 

The next house was built by C. P. Bardwell near the mill 
pond and afterward moved to its present location by Frank 
Newman. It is now owned by Lorenze Doppmann and used 
as a storehouse. 

The next house was built by Charles Miller and sold to 
the Casten family. It is now owned and occupied by 
George Stenglein, who married Margaretta Steele. 

The next house was built by John Smith, and is now the 
home of Joseph Kleasner, who married Anna Merte. 

The next house at the foot of "The Rocks" was built by 
Frank Steele. His widow, Mary, and their son, John, who 
married Grace Mayer, live on the place. The next house 
was built by Rowland Stebbins, who married Marilla W. 
Harris. His sons, Judson and Segar, were in the Civil war. 
Judson was in Co. C, 10th Regiment, M.V.M. He died at 
Alexander, Va. Segar was in Co. G, 37th Regiment, M.V.M. 
This place was afterward the home of Oliver Graves of 
Whately, who married (1) Electa Frary, and (2) Lusylvia, 
daughter of Ebenezer Clapp. It is now owned and occupied 
by George Bitner, who miarried Anna Chandler. 

The next house, supposed to have been built by Samuel 
Bartlett, was occupied by Charles D. Bartlett and his father, 
Samuel; afterward by John Ryan. It was then repaired 
and occupied by Joseph S. Newman, who married Emma 
M., daughter of Peter Saffer. 

The next house, built by Thomas Frary, and then owned 
by Patrick Ryan, who removed to Hadley, has been torn 
down by the heirs of Edmund Powers. 

The next house was built and is now occupied by Charles 
Casten, wlio married Anna Chandler. 

W'kst Strkkt, East wSide. 

Crossinj^ to the easterly side of the street the first house 
is t]ic K()(lolj)hus (iraves place. He married Luthera Par- 


tridge of Rockingham, Vt. The place was afterward pur- 
chased by Patrick Ryan, who sold it to Edmund Powers, 
who married Mary Ryan. They both died in Hatfield. 
Their daughter Kate, who married Peter J. Donovan of 
Whately, and her sister, Mary A. Powers, now live on the 

The next house was built by Ebenezer Clapp who came 
from Deerfield before 1830. He married (1) Sally Clapp 
of Deerfield and (2) Abigail Anderson. The place was 
purchased by Peter SafTer, one of the first Germans to settle 
in Hatfield. With his wife, Johannah, he now lives on the 

The next house built by Lyman Hastings, was afterward 
the home of Erasmus Orcutt, then of John Betsold. It is 
now owned by his son, Frank J. Betsold, who married 
Emma Denlein. 

The next house, built by Lawrence Vollinger, is now the 
home of George Steele, who married Mary Betsold. The 
property is owned by the New Haven and Northampton 

The next house was built by John Chandler and is 
occupied by his sons, George Chandler, who married Bar- 
bara Rosecup, and Joseph Chandler, who married Minnie 
Maher of Florence. 

The next house, built by John Kempkes, was the home of 
Adam Doppmann, who married Barbara Vollinger. This 
house was burned and the site is now vacant. 

The next house was formerly the home of George Vol- 
linger and his widow, Sidonia. It is now the home of 
Lawrence Vollinger and his son, Lawrence, Jr. 

The next place was the home of Daniel Downing, who 
removed to Goshen; afterward owned by Austin Abels and 
his son, Nathaniel ; also by Frank J. SafTer. It is now occu- 
pied by George Dippolt, who married Connie GolHer. On 
this same lot was once a house built by Lyman Hastings. 
The building was burned and the site is vacant. 

The next is the schoolhouse built in 1861. The second 
story was built at a later date. 

The next house, built by A. M. Richmond and afterward 
occupied by John M. Strong, is now owned by John J. 
Betsold and occupied by tenants. 


The next house, on the corner, was built by one Crandall; 
afterward the home of George W. Smith. Obed Smith 
also lived here. Dea. Alvin L. Strong, who married Anna 
B. Searle of Huntington, next owned and repaired the 
place. He was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., 
in the Civil war, and now occupies the place. 

The next house, where the chapel now stands, was the 
home of Abraham BilHngs. Alonzo Dennis moved the 
house across the railroad where it is now the railroad 
tenement, occupied by the station agent, Silas S. Dwight. 

The River Ro^vd in Bradstreet. 

Beginning on the easterly side of the Deerfield road in 
Bradstreet, at the southerly end of the street, the first house 
was built by Reuben Belden of Whately about 1845. His 
son, Dea. Reuben H. Belden, who married Sarah, daughter 
of J. C. Loomis of Whately, lived with him. They all died 
in Hatfield. The son of Dea. Reuben H. Belden, William 
H. Belden, who married Emma Eaton, now occupies the 

The next house, built by Reuben Belden, was occupied 
by Austin S. Jones, who married Electa, daughter of Reu- 
ben Belden. Since their decease their daughters, Anna B., 
who married (1) Dr. Alonzo Lewis, and (2) Edwin H. 
Eldridge, and Emma L., who married Rudolph Weber, have 
occupied the place. 

The next house was built by Francis Mosher. He mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Herrick Anderson. His widow and 
daughter, Mary Mosher, now live here. Miss Mary Mosher 
is postmistress and keeps the office in the dwelling. There 
is a small tenement house on the lot just south of the house. 

On the road leading into the meadows there is a house 
built by Charles W. Marsh used as a tenement. 

East of this is a house built by Oscar Belden and sons and 
used as a tenement. 

The next place on the Deerfield road belonged to Solo- 
mon Mosher, where he built a two-story house. He mar- 
ried (1) Elvira Belden of Whately and (2) Lucy, daughter 
of Reuben Belden. This place was once occupied by Mrs. 
James Fisk, and was burned. . The site is now vacant. 

The next place was the Gkkow Dickinson house. A new 


house was built here by Solomon Mosher; afterward occu- 
pied by Leander Cooley ; next by John W. Field ; then by John 
W. Morton and Horace W. Field. It is now occupied by 
Reuben Belden, who married Nellie, daughter of Leonard 
Stearns of Conway. 

On the next lot is a tenement house set back from the 
street, owned by Gilbert E. Morton, There is also another 
tenement owned by Sarah R. Wight, and to the north a 
shop which stood on the opposite side of the street and 
was the home of Lewis Harris before Joseph E. Wight 
bought the farm. 

On the west side of the street, beginning at the Whately 
line, is the home of the last survivor of the Revolutionary 
war who lived in Hatfield, Joseph Guild. This was the 
home of Aretus Scott; afterward occupied by Richard T. 
Morton, 2d. It is now occupied by his daughter, Mrs. 
Celia Duesler. 

The next place is the David Turner house, once occupied 
by John W. Field, who married Julia Warren of Williams- 
burg; afterward the home of Henry G. Moore, who married 
(1) Electa, daughter of Austin S. Jones, and (2) Myra, 
daughter of Lyman Parsons of Northampton. 

The next house is the home of O. Stanley Graves, who 
married Martha, daughter of Abel W. Nash of Whately. 
This house was moved to its present location from the 
Calvin B. Marsh place at the south end of the street and 
repaired by Mr. Graves. 

The next house was built by Mrs. Adeline A. Marsh and 
after her decease owned by John Foley. 

The next house was built by Archie P. Graves in 1900. 
He married Margaret, daughter of Alfred H. Harris. They 
now live on the place. 

The next house was built by Edwin Harris, who came 
from Dover, N. H. He was a carpenter. He married 
Caroline E., daughter of Aretus Scott. Both died in Hat- 
field and their son, Arthur, lived here until killed by a bolt 
of lightning while in the hay field. He was followed by his 
son, Alfred H., whose widow, Estelle S. Harris, and family 
now occupy the place. 

The next place, the Thaddeus Scott place, was occupied 
by James Scott, who married Lucy, daughter of Aretus 


Scott. He was followed by Samuel Graves; then by Euro- 
tas Morton, who married ( 1 ) Anna Stockbridge of VVhately. 
and (2) Fidelia Adkins. Their son, Gilbert E. Morton, who 
married Nellie, daughter of Charles A. Jones, now lives on 
the place. 

The next house was built in 1868 by Joseph E. Wight, 
who married Sarah, daughter of Rodolphus Rice of Con- 
way. He died in Hatfield, and his widow still lives on the 
place with her son, Leland H. Wight, who married Blanche 
Howard of Putney, Vt. Lewis Harris had a home here 
in the old house, now across the street. 

The next house was built in 1905 by Charles D. Harris, 
who married Estelle Eastman of Amherst. It is now occu- 
pied by Howard E. Belden, son of William H. Belden. 
who married Anna E., daughter of Howland Belden. 

The next house was built by Charles A. Jones in 1867. 
He married (1) Mary Smith of Hadley, and (2) Carrie 
Phillips of Ashfield. After his decease the place was pur- 
chased by Clarence E. Belden, who married Nellie Maud 
Snow of Providence, R. I. 

The next house was built by Reuben Belden and was the 
home of Joseph H. Knight, who married (1) Diana, daugh 
ter of Reuben Belden, and (2) Caroline Warren of Wil- 
liamsburg. The place was afterward the home of Reuben 
Belden, 2d. The house was burned and the site is now 

The next place had a house built by Reuben Belden and 
occupied by Calvin B. Marsh, who married (1) Hannah, 
daughter of Reuben Belden, and (2) Eliza W. Graves of 
Whately. Mr. Marsh sold the first house to O. Stanley 
Graves and built a large new house. He was followed bv 
his son, George C. Marsh, who married (1) Maria Russell 
of Hadlev and (2) Tulia Clark of Easthampton. The house 
was burned and the site is now vacant. The land is owned 
hv Frank P. Jones. 

Dkpot Road ix Bradstreet. 

On the rc^ad leading to the railroad station on the south- 
erly side is the Sanford S. Belden place, occupied by his 
son, Dea. Oscar Belden. He built the present house in 1863 


and married Harriet, daughter of George Stearns of Con- 
way. Mrs. Oscar Belden died in Hatfield and a son, 
George S. Belden, who married (1) Nellie Carl and (2) 
Emma Adams of Wilmington, Vt., now occupies the place 
with his father. 

The next place was built by Leslie R. White. The house 
was burned and rebuilt by Dea. Oscar Belden and used 
as a tenement. 

The next place was built by Austin S. Jones. This was 
burned and rebuilt by Charles A. and Frank P. Jones, and 
is now occupied by tenants. 

On the next lot was a tenement made of the ell of the 
Dea. Reuben H. Belden house in 1865. This was burned 
and the site is now vacant. 

The next house was built by Oscar E. Belden in 1900. 
He married Emma Luce of Northampton. They now 
occupy it. 

The next place was the Solomon Morton place, occupied 
by his son, Richard T. Morton. It was afterward the home 
of Alvin Hall, who married Sarah, daughter of Reuben 
Belden; then the home of Charles D. Bartlett, who married 
Lavinia, daughter of Amaziah Langdon. The house has 
been torn down. The land is now owned by Ashley L. 
Cooley of Orange, who married Alice, daughter of Charles 
D. Bartlett. 

The house on the road to the plain was the home of 
Eli Thayer; then of one Dane; then of David Powers, who 
rebuilt the house after it had been burned. He now occu- 
pies the place. 

James Cronan once had a house on the top of the hill, 
on the plain. It has been removed. 

The next house built by Walter Field, who came from 
Leverett, was afterward occupied by his son, Horace W. 
Field, who married (1) Elizabeth M. Hillman and (2) 
Caroline Harris. Edwin W. Field, son of Horace and 
Elizabeth, who married Sarah Hall of Pittsfield, now occupies 
the place with his son. Samuel H. Field, who married Alice 
Clark of Northampton. 

The next is the Dennis Cooley place. He married (1) 
Melvina Moore and (2) Rosilla Howes. He removed to 
Springfield, and the place was afterward occupied by Martin 


Lyons. It is now owned by Harry W. Marsh- and used as 
a tenement. Myron D. Cooley, son of Dennis, was a mem- 
ber of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. 

The next house was occupied by Lysander Cooley, who 
married Rhoda Dennis of Woodstock, Vt. Their adopted 
son, Whitney F. Cooley, was a member of Co. K, 52d Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. The place is now occupied 
by Charles H. Waite, who married Lucy Sanderson of 

The next is the Eleazer Cooley house. He died in Hat- 
field and the place is now occupied by his widow, who was 
Melissa J. Stoddard of Templeton. 

On the northerly side of the street is the brick house, 
the home of Lemuel Cooley. After his decease it was 
occupied by his son, Leander, who married Louisa Beebe. 
The place is now owned by John Brennan. 

The next place is the Abner Field home. He removed 
to Leverett, and was followed by William Field. The 
place is now owned by Edwin W. Field and occupied by 
George Englehart. 

The next place, the old red house, was the first home of 
Walter Field and family; afterward the home of Franklin 
Field, who married Alma Scott. The place is now owned 
by Edwin W. Field. 

The next house is a tenement built by Edgar H. Field. 

The next house was the home of Edwin Eaton ; afterward 
of Foster C. Anderson, who married Clara Vining. It is 
now owned by Henry H. Field, who married Myra Wade 
of Northampton. He was a member of Co. H, 37th Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. His son, Edgar H. Field, 
who married Jessie Ingram of South Deerfield, now occu- 
pies the place. 

The next house is the home of Albert H. Marsh, who 
married (1) Emma, daughter of Caleb Dickinson and (2^ 
Clarissa J., daughter of Hiram Anderson. It is now occu- 
pied by him. 

The next place was the Capt. Calvin Marsh home, in a 
one-story red house. The present house was built by his 
sou, Elihu Marsh, who married (1 ) Mary Ann Warren, and 
(2) Elvira Ehvell, and (3) Adeline A. Eaton. All died in 
Hatfield, and his son, Charles W. Marsh, who married 


Alice, daughter of Chester K. Waite of Whately, followed 
him. It is now occupied by Harry W., son of Charles W., 
who married Minnie, daughter of George A. Billings. 

On the next lot was the old house of Capt. Calvin Marsh, 
which was burned. Reuben Mosher also lived here. Frank 
P. Jones built the present house and now occupies it with 
his wife, who was Fanny, daughter of Samuel B. White 
of Whately. 

The next house, built by Dwight D. Bartlett, who married 
Louisa, daughter of Lemuel Cooley, is now the home of 
Walter H. Langdon, who married Cora, daughter of Edwin 
Eaton. On this lot is a tenement which was once the 
wood house on the Sanford S. Belden place. 

The next is the brick schoolhouse built in 1874, after the 
wooden one was burned. 

West Brook. 

On the plain road toward West Brook is the home of 
John Karen, who now occupies the same with his son, John. 

On the westerly side of the street in West Brook is the 
house built by James and Michael Clancy. Both are 
deceased, and the place is owned by John J. Slattery and 
occupied by tenants. 

The next house was the home of Edmond Bird. It was 
afterward occupied by his son, Niles Bird; later the home 
of John Fitzgibbon. After his decease it was occupied, by 
his sons, John T. and Dennis, with their sister, Margaret 

The next house was built by Horace Waite, who married 
(1) Julia Robinson and (2) Mary Bridgman. His son, 
William R. Waite, was a member of Co. B, 32d Regiment, 
M.V.M., in the Civil war, and was killed before Petersburg. 
The place is now occupied by John J. Slattery, who married 
Anna, daughter of John Fitzgibbon. 

The next house was built by Charles W. Wolfram and 
is occupied by tenants. 

The next house was the home of Joseph R. Abbott, who 
married Minerva Frary. He was killed by the cars while 
attending to his duties as station agent at North . Hatfield. 
Three of his sons were soldiers in the Civil war: James H. 
Abbott in Co. C, 10th Regiment, M.V.M., killed at Spott- 


sylvania, Va. ; Lyman R. Abbott in Co. A, 27th Regiment, 
M.V.M.; Richard B. Abbott in Co. A, 27th Regiment, M.V.M. 
This place was afterward the home of Philip Jubenville. 
He was a blacksmith and his shop now stands a short 
distance south of the house. This was the old schoolhouse 
moved to this place. The Abbott house is the one near 
the railroad. Mr. Jubenville built a large new house, 
which was burned. He removed from Hatfield, and Henrv 
W. Wolfram, who married Bertha, daughter of Theodore 
Baggs, built the house now standing on the site. 

The next house was built by Elijah A. Graves and his 
widow, who was Julia A. Hart, married Heman Belden and 
lived there. It is now the home of Luman S. Crafts, who 
married Lavinia, daughter of Herrick Anderson. She is 
deceased and he lives with his son, Edson S. Crafts, who 
married Lisette Schneider of Syracuse, N. Y. 

The next house was built by Carlton H. Crafts, who 
married Cora L., daughter of Charles R. Crafts. They now 
occupy the place. 

The next place was built by Sylvanus Crafts, who married 
Caroline A., daughter of Henry Smith. It was then occu- 
pied by J. Wesley Waite, who married Fanny O., daughter 
of Theodore Morgan; afterward by Charles Potter, who 
married Frances Wrisley. They are both deceased. Wil- 
liam P. Connelly, who married Mary Lee of South Deer- 
field, now occupies the place. 

On the opposite side of the street was a house built 
by Rufus M. Swift and occupied by Edward C. Waite, which 
was burned, and a new house built by Charles R. Crafts, 
who married Lizzie C, daughter of Reuben Crafts of 
Whately. Charles R. Crafts was captain of Co. G, 21st 
Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war, and he and his wife 
now occupy the place. 

The next house was built by Daniel Vining, who married 
Clarissa, daughter of Lemuel Cooley. Bojh are deceased. 
The next occupant was Thomas Hanrahan, who removed 
from town. The place is now owned by Frank Sadovvsky. 

The next house was the home of Leavitt and Orphronia 
Vining. They had two sons who were soldiers in the Civil 
war; John H. Vining in Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M. , 
who died at Washington, D. C, from wounds received at 


Cold Harbor, Va., in 1864; and Oliver S. Vining of Co. F, 
37th Regiment, M.V.M. The place was afterward occupied 
by Henry Manchester, whose wife was Susan Vining; then 
by Stephen Knapp, Sylvanus Crafts, and Henry Wedemeier. 
It was later the home of Edward Flynn from Whately. 
After his decease it became the home of his widow, who 
was Catherine, daughter of Daniel and Margaret M. Gar- 

The next house is now the home of John Natovitz. This 
is the J. R. Abbott house, moved to this place by Philip 
Jubenville, where he lived a short time after his dwelling 
was burned. 

Across the railroad is the house formerly occupied by 
Lemuel A. Waite, who married Louisa Dickinson of 
Whately. They removed to Main Street and were followed 
by one Hosford, then by John and Christiana Wenzel. It 
is now occupied by John Bokum. 

The next house was built by Charles W. Wolfram and 
occupied by his daughter, who married John K. Holt. On 
this lot was a small house, the home of Dwight Morton, 
who was a member of Co. C, 10th Regiment, M.V.M. , in 
the Civil war. The house has been torn down. 

The next house was the home of Justus Morton, son of 
Dea. Levi Morton of Whately. He married Lydia Allis 
of Whately. They died in Hatfield. The place was after- 
ward occupied by Jerome E. King, a member of Co. F, 
37th Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war; then owned by 
Harvey Moore, Charles W. Wolfram, and Smith E. Briggs, 
and now by Leon Zaksesky. 

The next house was built by Charles W. Wolfram and 
is now occupied by his daughter Mary, who married George 
O. Whitcomb. 

The next house was built bv Charles W. Wolfram and 
occupied by E. S. Wayne, who removed from town. It is 
now owned by Stephen Omasta, who married Christine 

Pantry Road ix West Brook. 

On the easterly side of the Pantry road is a house built 
by Herrick Anderson for his son, Charles: afterward owned 
by Josephus Crafts and occupied by J. Wesley Waite, Rich- 


ard B. xAbbott, and John C. Field, then owned by Willis 
Holden, now by his son, Harry R. Holden, who married 
Anna, daughter of Charles W. Wolfram. 

Across the street to the south was the home of LeW 
Graves, who married Bathsheba, daughter of Jeremiah 
Graves of Whately. Their son, Henry R. Graves, married 
Laura, daughter of Benjamin Tufts. Henry R. Graves 
rebuilt the house on the same site. His daughter, Hattie 
M., married George M. Donalson and they now live on the 

The next house was the home of Herrick Anderson. 
He married Clarissa Bisbee. Both died in Hatfield. The 
place w-as afterward purchased by Daniel Garvey, who mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Patrick Daly of Hatfield. It 
is now owned by Stephen Vachula. 

The next house was the home of Ebenezer C. Anderson, 
son of Herrick. He married Minerva N. Belden of Ash- 
field. He was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., 
in the Civil war and died at Baton Rouge, La. His w^dow 
made this her home until her decease. It is now occupied 
by their son, George Anderson. 

The next house was the home of Luther Wells, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Smith of Greenfield. Their sons, Charles 
and Luther, both died here, leaving large estates. Eliza- 
beth and Augusta, daughters of Luther Wells, Sr., made 
their homes here until their decease. The place is now 
owned bv Paul Holic. 

The next house, built by Charles W. Wolfram, is his 
home, with his son, William W., who married Alida Maew- 
right. Across the street is a tenement of Charles W. 
Wolfram, and to the south of it is the two-story brick 
schoolhouse built in 187L 

Across the West Brook bridge was the Phineas Bennett 
home, afterwMrd called the Larrabee place. This has been 
torn down. Edward N. Dickinson now occupies the land. 

The next house, called the Nathaniel Frary house, was 
occupied by his cliildren. The daughter, Sophronia, who 
was the widow of David D. Gardner, was the survivor. 
After her decease the place was ])urchased by Timothy J. 
Slattery of Northampton; then occupied by Edward N- 


Dickinson and followed by George McKeon. The house 
was burned in 1908 and the site is now vacant. 

The next house was the home of Aaron and Caleb Cooley 
Dickinson. After the decease of Caleb Cooley, who founded 
the Dickinson Hospital in Northampton, his brother David, 
who married Dorothy, daughter of John Brown of 
Whately, lived and died here. His son, Champion B., 
followed. He married Martha Richtmyre. He was fol- 
lowed by his son, Edward N. Dickinson, who married 
Elvira McKeon. The house was burned and a new one 
built by Edward N. in 1907. 

The next house on the location of the sawmill and husk- 
mill was built by Edward Waite; then owned by Lemuel 
Cooley, Solomon Mosher, Kitridge and Dutton, Andrew 
Dutton, George and Dwight Dickinson and Francis G. 
Bardwell, who married Martha E., daughter of Otis Moore 
of Whately. He built the present dwelling, the former 
house having burned. He was a member of Co. D., 52d 
Regt., M.V.M., in the Civil war. His widow now lives on 
the place. 

Across the bridge on the Whately line is the house built 
by Russell Waite, who married Mary, daughter of Daniel 
Morton of Whately. After their decease the place was 
owned by David Fitzgerald, who removed to Boston, and 
it is now occupied by tenants. 

The next house was built by Harris Waite for Oliver 
Vining; afterward the home of George Russell, who mar- 
ried Mary O., daughter of Harris Waite. Later it be- 
longed to Reuben Mosher, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Herrick Anderson. It is now the home of 
Cornelius and Kate Murphy. 

Across the railroad is the store and dwelling built by 
Ezra M. Martin, and now occupied by George H. Danforth. 
The North Hatfield post office is kept here. 

The next house is owned by the Connecticut River Rail- 
road company and is occupied by the station agent, Wil- 
liam 1, Bishop, who married Mary Parsons. 

Straits Road. 

The next house, on the Straits road, is the home of Wil- 
liam Coffey and family. 


The next house was the home of Thomas O'Hara. He 
removed from town. The house was burned and the site 
is now vacant. The land is owned by Luman S. Crafts. 

The next house is the home of George PfeiflFer and 

The next house is the home of Dennis Reagon and 
family. This was formerly the home of John Saverzopf. 

South of the Aaron Dickinson house on the Pantry road, 
the first house, built by Henry Knights, is now owned and 
occupied by George P. Graves, who married Nellie M.. 
daughter of Edward E. Sanderson of Whately. On this 
site Edward A. Stockbridge built a house, which was 

The next house was built by John H. Vining, w^hose wife 
was Clarissa Wilcox. It was afterward occupied by Fred 
Vining, who married Laura C. Manchester, and it is now 
the home of Hiram Graves. 

The next house, built by Reuben Mosher, was the home 
of Morris Fitzgibbons until his decease. His daughters 
now live on the place. 

The next house, on the easterly side of the highway, 
called the Michael Tobin place, was afterward occupied 
by William Richtmyre, who married Jane GrifTeth, later 
by Henry A. Wilder, and is now owned by Albert A. 




The Congregational Society. — Freedom from division. — The pastors. — 
The deacons. — Missionary spirit. — The present church building. — The revival 
of 1850. — Changes in the manner of worship.— Organizations. — Statistics. 

St. Joseph's Parish. — Difficulties of the Catholic pioneers. — Holding of 
services in Hatfield. — The first altar. — Building the church. — The pastors. 

The Congregational Society. — Much of the early history of 
the Congregational Church has already been given in con- 
nection with the growth of the town. Hatfield has had only 
one Protestant church and that has fortunately been free 
from strife that led to divisions. The spread of Unitarianism 
in the early part of the nineteenth century caused a few to 
**sign off" from support of the church, but no attempt was 
made to form another society and many whose views were 
Unitarian continued to worship under Dr. Lyman and his 
successors. The church has had as attendants many who 
were allied with other denominations and not a few of them 
have united with it. In 1844-1846 meetings were held by 
some Methodists in the town hall, but no society was 

The first records of the church that have been preserved 
date back only to 1772 — the church book of Dr. Lyman. 
No book of parish records separate from those of the church 
was kept, at least none has been preserved, till 1876, the 
time when the pastorate of Rev. Robert M. Woods began. 
The first parish was organized in 1830 and thereafter the 
church received no aid from the town. The ministers of the 
church have been as follows : — 

Rev. Hope Atherton, ordained 1670; died June 8. 1677. 

Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey, installed 1683; died Nov. 4, 1685. 

Rev. William Williams, ordained 1686; died Aug. 31, 1741. 

Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, ordained as colleague Nov. 14, 1739; died 

June 3, 1770. 
Rev. Joseph Lyman, D.D., ordained Mar. 4, 1772; died Mar. 27, 1828. 
Rev. Jared B. Waterbury, installed as colleague Jan. 10, 1827; dismissed 

Feb. 24, 1829. 
Rev. Levi Pratt, ordained June 23, 1830; dismissed May 9, 1835. 
Rev. Henry Neill, ordained Apr. 16, 1840; dismissed Apr. 15, 1846. 
Rev. Jared O. Knapp, installed Dec. 11, 1850; dismissed Apr. 10, 1855. 
Rev. John M. Greene, D.D., ordained Oct. 20, 1857; dismissed Feb. 17, 



Rev. William L. Bray, installed Jan. 12, 1869 ; dismissed Nov. 22, 1869. 
Rev. John P. Skeele, installed May 4, 1870; dismissed Apr. 29, 1873. 
Rev. Robert M. Woods, D.D., ordained Nov. 21, 1877; died June 19, 1909. 
Rev. Irving A. Flint, engaged as stated supply Feb. 1, 1910. 

The list of deacons is as follows, probably not complete 
for the first one hundred years, as the names have to be 
gathered from incidental reference to them in the town 
records : — 

Edward Church, appointed (probably) 1670; died Sept. 19, 1704. 

John Coleman, appointed (probably) 1670; died Jan. 22, 1712. 

Samuel Marsh, appointed (probably) 1704; died Sept. 7, 1728. 

John White, appointed (probably) 1712; died Nov. 13, 1750. 

Nathaniel Dickinson, appointed (probably) 1726; died 1745. 

Nathaniel White, appointed (probably) 1/35 ; died Feb. IS, 1742. 

Samuel Bodman, appointed (probably) 1735. 

John Hubbard, appointed (probably) 1746; died Sept. 4, 1778. 

John fielding, appointed (probably) 1746; died 1758. 

John Smith, appointed (probably). 1750. 

Simeon Waite, appointed (probably) 1764; became deacon in the Whately 

church in 17/1. 
Elijah Morton, elected Nov. 25, 1772; died Oct. 5, 1798. 
William Williams, Esq., elected Nov. 25, 1772; died Mar. 1, 1808. 
Obadiah Dickinson, elected Apr. 8, 1773 ; died June 24, 1788. 
Jonathan Porter, elected May 23, 1785 ; died Apr. 25, 1833. 
Lemuel Dickinson, elected May 23, 1785; left town about 1806. 
Cotton Partridge, elected Feb. 28, 1799; died Nov. 13, 1846. 
Benjamin Morton, elected Jan. 7, 1807 ; died Feb. 4, 1810. 
Moses Warner, elected Mar. 1, 1810; died Aug. 1, 1828. 
Joseph fiillings, elected Oct. 30, 1817; died May 23, 1850. 
Rufus Cowles. elected Aug. 31, 1827; died Feb. 6, 1840. 
George W. Hubbard, elected July 10, 1849 ; resigned Aug. 30. 1870. 
Erastus Cowles, elected Aug. 28, 1850; resigned Sept. 11, 1861. 
James Porter, elected Sept. 11, 1861 ; resigned Apr. 4, 1875. 
Alpheus Cowles, elected Oct. 21, 1869; resigned Apr. 4, 1875. 
Caleb Dickinson, elected Oct. 21, 1869; resigned Apr. 4, 1875. 
James Porter, re-elected Apr. 8, 1875; resigned Dec. 18y 1889. ^ 
Alpheus Cowles, re-elected Apr. 8, 1875; resigned Dec, 29, 1886. 
Jonathan S. Graves, elected Apr. 8, 1875; di^ Feb. 27, 1883.^' 
Daniel W. Wells, elected Apr. 8, 1875 ; resigned Dec. 29i 1891.. • 
Oscar Belden, elected Apr. 5, 1883. 

George A. Billings, ejected Dec. 29, 1886; resigned Dec 19, 1894.' 
Henry S. Hubbard, elected Dec. 18, 1889; died Aug. 26, 1908. 
Joseph S. Wells, elected Dec. 29, 1891 ; resigned Dec. 21, 1892. 
Daniel W. Wells, re-elected Dec. 21. 1892. 
Alvin L. Strong, elected Dec. 30. 1896. 
George A. Billings, re-elected Dec. 30, 1908. 

The church has long been Jcnown as a missionary church. 
Dr. Lyman was one of the first presidents of the American 
Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 1823-1826. 
Rev. Robert M. Woods was connected by marriage with the 
Fairbank family, which has furnished many members who 
have devoted their lives to service in India. During his 
pastorate $38,000 were expended in benevolences. Contri- 


»utions for both home and foreign missionary work have 
Iways been generous. 

The present house of worship was built in 1849, while the 
hurch was without a pastor. In 1867 the vestry was added 
nd an organ loft built and the present organ put in place. 
The parlors were built in 1891. The next year extensive 
aterior repairs were made, the galleries were changed and 
lew seats and stained-glass windows were put in. The 
lock was placed in the belfry in 1898. The Woods memo- 
ial window was placed in the front of the church in 1909. 
t is a copy of Hoffmann's celebrated painting "Behold I 
itand at the Door and Knock." The south memorial win- 
ow is to Dr. Joseph Lyman, whose services extended over 

period of 56 years. On the window opposite are inscribed 
he names of the other ministers who died at their posts, — 
lev, Hope Athertpn, Rev. Nathaniel Chauncey, and Rev. 
Villiam Williams. 

A great revival occurred in the church in 1850 under the 
reaching of the evangelist, Rev. J. D. Potter. The church 
/as at that time without a settled pastor. At the August 
ommunion one hundred stood in the broad aisle to be 
eceived into the fellowship of the church. It was the most 
owerful revival in all its history. At its beginning in the 
pring people said, "It is impossible to have a revival now, 
»^hen planting time is coming on." Nevertheless, the whole 
3wn was soon deeply stirred and the services were largely 

The Scriptures were not read in meeting during the first 
)ur pastoratejs. The custom was introduced by Dr. Lyman 
1 1812. The weekly "lecture day," usually Thursday, was 
digiously observed by all the church members from the 
rst organization of the church. It was an afternoon service 
t which the people listened to the exhortation of the pastor; 
2ed time and harvest were no excuse for non-attendance, 
^rayer and conference meetings in which laymen took part 
id not appear till about the close of the eighteenth century. 
)r. Lyman found them helpful in his work, though at the 
eginning of his ministry he was opposed to the movement 
nd said, "I will not allow such wild fire in my parish." 
'here was no responsive reading of the Psalms, no repeating 
i the Lord's Prayer or of the Apostles' Creed till the nine- 


teenth century. Regular midweek prayer meetings were 
instituted by Mr. Neill about 1840. 

The Sunday school was started about 1830 and the Young 
People's Society of Christian Endeavor in 1885. The La- 
dies' Benevolent Society was started in the '40's and has been 
very helpful in organizing and directing the charitable work 
among the women of the parish. It became an auxiliary 
of the Women's Home Missionary Association in 1881. The 
Real Folks, organized in 1869, is an important factor in the 
social and benevolent activities of the church. A Men's 
Club was formed in 1904. The women of the church are 
organized for foreign missionary work as an auxiliary of the 
Woman's Board of Missions. The children were interested 
in missionary work in the '60's by the formation of a band 
of Gleaners, which later became the Wide-Awakes. 

The statistics of membership reported by the clerk at the 
annual meeting in December, 1909, were: Males, 102; fe- 
males, 162; total, 264; non-resident, i7. The membership 
has been well kept up, though the native American popula- 
tion of the town has shrunk 25 per cent, or more. The 
largest number on the rolls of the church in recent years was 
in 1892, when there were 319. 

St. Joseph's Parish. — The first settlers of the Catholic faith 
in Hatfield labored under extreme difficulties. There were 
no churches or priests of their order nearer than Greenfield 
and manv times when sick calls came it was necessarv for 
some one to walk to that town to secure assistance. An 
instance is recorded where a man set out at eleven o'clock at 
night to secure the services of a priest. He covered the 
distance of sixteen miles in less than two hours, so it is said. 
It was in the spring and a flood was running high. On the 
trip from Greenfield the priest had to drive through water so 
deep that it reached the body of the carriage, but he reached 
the bedside in time to administer the rites of the church. 

As the Catholic population increased after the immigra- 
tions of the '40's, churches became more numerous. The 
Hatfield Catholics belonged at first to St. Mary's parish in 
Northampton. They were faithful in their attendance at 
the services, though many were obliged to make the trip on 
foot. By 1879 there were over 500 French, German, and 
Irish \n the town of Hatfield and thev desired to have serv- 


ices held in their midst. Those who were most active in the 
matter were Michael Larkin, Bridget Kelly, and Mrs. Lorenz 
Doppmann. In the fall of 1879 an entertainment was given 
in the town hall to raise funds, in charge of a committee 
consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Ryan, Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Nolan, Mrs. Peter Denlein, and Mary Proulx. It 
was so successful that about $200 was cleared. The Protes- 
tants of the town also took great interest in the entertain- 
ment and the efforts of their fellow-townsmen to have a 
place of worship for themselves. Academy Hall was placed 
at their disposal. 

One cold, stormy night in December, Michael Larkin 
brought up from Northampton an altar, and with the help 
of neighbors set it up in Academy Hall. The next day, 
which was Christmas, mass was said by Rev. Michael J. 
Barry of Northampton, and thereafter once each month a 
service was held in the hall. After him Rev. John Kenney 
of Northampton was in charge of the parish, holding services 
in Hatfield twice a month, attended by between two and 
three hundred people. 

A subscription fund for a church building was started in 
1891. It was a propitious time, as that year and the next 
were among the most prosperous years that the Hatfield 
farmers had enjoyed. By that time many of the Catholics 
had acquired farms of their own and were successful in the 
management of them. Nearly $2,000 were raised. The 
subscription committee was John McHugh, Jr., treasurer; 
John Doppmann, Michael Boyle, Peter Saffer, and John T. 
Slattery. Labor for grading and laying the foundations was 
given by the parishioners to the amount of about $600, the 
comrnittee in charge of this work being John McHugh, Jr., 
chairman; James Mullins, and Peter Saflfer. St. Joseph's 
Church was built in 1892, the first service was held in it New 
Years day, 1893, and it was dedicated the next day by 
Bishop Beaven of Springfield. It was considerably enlarged 
in 1905. The parish house was built in 1907. 

In the summer of 1895 Hatfield and Deerfield were made 
one parish under the care of Rev. R. S. J. Burke of South 
Deerfield, who was succeeded by Rev. M. O'Sullivan. Dur- 
ing the pastorate of Father Burke two fairs were held, in 
1896 and 1897. to reduce the debt, about $1,200 U^\w% 


cleared. In January, 1899, Hatfield was made a separate 
parish and Rev. Charles J. Boylan was settled as the first 
resident pastor. He had previously held pastorates in Ox- 
ford and Pittsfield. Under him the parish had a remarkable 

growth in numbers, wealth, and influence. In April. 1909, 
he was transferred to All Souls' Church in Springfield and 
was succeeded by Kev. William 1'". l'"oley. who had previ- 
ously been pastor in Wiliiamstown and in Springfield. The 


latter has made many improvements in the buildings and 
grounds, has installed a new altar, and is raising funds for 
a new organ. There are two choirs, senior and junior, under 
the direction of Miss Maude E. Boyle. The parishioners 
number nearly 1,300. A great change has come over the 
membership of the parish in the last ten years or more. The 
first communicants were Irish, French, and German, but of 
late the number of Poles has greatly increased, so that they 
comprise nearly half of the parish, and are desirous of having 
a house of worship of their own and a priest who speaks 
their own language. 

An interesting event in the history of St. Joseph's Church 
was the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Father 
Boylan's elevation to the priesthood, which was held Jan. 5, 
1904. After the entertainment at dinner at the church of 
thirty visiting clergymen, public exercises were held in 
Academy Hall, largely attended by Protestants as well as 
Catholics. Music was furnished by Jackson's orchestra and 
the choir of St. Joseph's Church. The history of the parish 
was related by John McHugh, Jr., and addresses were made 
by Rev. John Kenney of Northampton ; for the town and its 
officers by Matthew J. Ryan, Daniel W. Wells, and Charles 
L. Graves; in behalf of the young people by William E. 
Ryan ; and by Rev. Robert M. Woods, pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church. In the absence of Dennis P. McGrath, 
who was ill, Mr. Woods presented to Father Boylan a large 
purse and silverware as a token of the regard of those the 
latter had ministered to. 


Two members of the Hatfield Smith family, descendants 
of Lieut. Samuel Smith, one of the first settlers of Hadley, 
have become famous through the legacies they left for char- 
itable and educational purposes. 

Oliver Smith, youngest son of Lieut. Samuel and Mary 
(Morton) Smith, was born in Hatfield, Jan. 20, 1766. His 
mother was left a w^dow when he w^as but a year and a half 
old. The family was in only moderate circumstances. It is 
said that Oliver received on coming of age land valued at 
$500 as his share of his father's estate. He was shrewd and 
frugal and before he was thirty had acquired a comfortable 
fortune. He never married. He had only limited educa- 
tional opportunities, but was possessed of a good deal of 
native w it. He was a thoughtful and taciturn man, not very 
popular with his neighbors, who called him eccentric. His 
integrity was unquestioned. His religious sentiments were 
Unitarian. In politics he was at first a Jefferson Democrat, 
but after the election of Levi Lincoln as governor of Massa- 
chusetts, a Whig. His sympathy was with the middle class 
and he had a democratic contempt for pomp and parade. 
He was not a seeker after public office, but he twice repre- 
sented his town in the state Legislature, 1827-1828, and was 
a member of the convention that in 1820 revised the consti- 
tution of Massachusetts. He w^as a presidential elector in 
1824 and voted for John Quincy Adams. 

As a business man, Oliver Smith was unusually successful. 
He was economical to the point of parsimony. His first 
accumulations were made in the business of fattening cattle. 
As Ills wealth increased he invested in mortgages, but never 
lield title to large amounts of real estate. He always pre- 
ferred safe investments at a small profit to great risks with 
tlie ho])e of larj^e gains. In later life, taught, so it is said, 
l)y Austin Smith, he was highly successful in operations in 
the New ^'ork stock market, which he visited in person 
often. He was lonj.; a director of "the old bank" in Xorth- 


At his death, Dec. 22, 1845, he left an estate valued at 
nearly $400,000. His will, of which extracts are given in the 
Appendix. Note 11. was a most remarkable document. It 
provided for a unique charity which has grown into the 

institution known as the Smith Charities, the resources of 
which for the fiscal year ending April 30, 1909, were 
$1,470,806 and which distributes annually over $50,000 for 
the various charities named in the will. The heirs-at-law 
made a contest on the ground that one of the witnesses. 


Theophilus Parsons Phelps, was incompetent on account of 
insanity. They engaged Rufus Choate as their lawyer, while 
the will was defended by Daniel Webster in one of the most 
renowned legal controversies ever witnessed in the Connecti- 
cut valley. The case came up before the Supreme Judicial 
Court at Northampton, July 6, 1847. Two days w;ere occu- 
pied in hearing the arguments. The courthouse^ Wi9,s crowded 
to overflowing. The verdict sustained the will. 

The system of charities devised by Oliver Smith was put 
in operation in 1859/ . The iutld for the Agfricultural School 
became available fbr that lise^^in 1905 arid $50,000 were 
turned over to the city of Northampton for the purchase of 
land for the purpose. The Smith's School was opened for 
students in 1908 along^ the lines laid down by the founder. 
$261,000 of the AgricultUfal Fund remain in the hands of the 
trustees of the Smith Charities/ the income of which is used 
for the maintenance qf .the school. 

Sophia Smith, daughter of Joseph and Lois (White) 
Smith, was born in Hatfield, Aug. 27, 1796. She was a niece 
of Oliver Smith. , In her youth the education of girls was 
considered of slight importance. They were not allowed to 
recite with the boys, but might sit on the doorstep of the 
schoolhouse to hear them recite. In this way Sophia Smith 
picked up crumbs of knowledge beyond what the Vdanie 
school'' she attended bestowed. She had as a child a thirst 
for knowledge, a studious and teachable disposition. At 
fourteen she attended school for a term of twelve "Weeks in 
Hartford, Conn., and at eighteen was enrolled as a student 
at Hopkins Academy in Hadley, but did not x^mplete the 

Dr. Joseph Lyman had a gjeat influence upon the early, 
formative years of her life. She had an unbounded admira- 
tion for his character and received help and inspiration from 
his teaching. Though she considered that she became a 
Christian at the age of sixteen, she did not unite with the 
church till she was thirty-eight because most of her family 
were l^niiarians, though they attended Dr. Lyman's church, 
and differed also from the minister in political faith. Sophia 
Smitli was of a sensitive nature and she shrank from becom- 
ing out of syni])athy with the other members of the house- 
hold. She had three brothers and three sisters, onlv one 



of whom, Joseph, was married. Elihu, Miranda, and Louisa 
died between 1828 and 1831. Austin, Harriet, and Sophia 
continued to occupy the homestead, the house on which was 
built by their father. There Sophia Smith lived an unevent- 
ful life till her brother Austin died in 1861, leaving her an 
estate of about $450,000. Harriet had died in 1859. 

The care and disposal of this large fortune had the effect 
of deepening and strengthening her character. She was un- 
used to business affairs and the responsibility weighed heav- 
ily upon her. As the least robust of the family she had 
been shielded all her life, for her sister Harriet assumed 
most of the responsibilities of the management of the house- 
hold. Hon. George W. Hubbard was her financial adviser. 
She also sought the advice of her pastor, Rev. John M. 
Greene, D.D. With a deep faith in her sex and a vision of 
the possibilities of higher education for women, which had 
been denied her, the idea of a college for women became 
firmly fixed in her mind under the guidance of her advisers. 
Other objects to which she considered giving part of her 
funds were a deaf-mute institution to be located in Hatfield, 
an academy for Hatfield, and a scientific school in connec- 
tion wnth Amherst College. She was troubled with the 
infirmity of deafness. The need of a deaf-mute institution 
was supplied by a donation by John Clarke in 1867. Then 
the plans for the woman's college became the most absorb- 
ing topic with her. There was a time when she wished to 
leave all her money to it, but Mr. Hubbard insisted that the 
part of her plans that related to the establishment of an 
academy in Hatfield should not be given up. Regarding the 
plans for the college, Dr. Greene has said: — 

"It required arguments and some pleading to make her willing to have the 
college bear the name of Smith. She was afraid the people would call her 
selfish. She rose above self and prayerfully and conscientiously aimed at the 
most good to the greatest number. The college became to her a delightful 
subject of thought, of private conversation and study. 

*'It was decided at first to locate the college in Hatfield. * ♦ ♦ gut 
the aim of Miss Smith was not to build up her native town. ♦ * * Wlierc 
will the college do the most, and do it best, was her only question. It is 
not strange tliat when this came to be carefully considered, Northampton, 
by reason of its ease of access, its literary and social attractions, its church 
accommodations for pupils of different religious denominations, as well as 
its comely natural sites that seem to have been designed at creation for 
colleges to stand on, should have the precedence. After long deliberation, 
and advice from many and varied sources, she decided to change the 
location from Hatfield to Northampton. 

"There never was, in Miss Smith's design of a college, any hostility to 


any existing institutions for the education of young women. She aimed at 
a real college, where women should be educated, according to their nature 
and needs, in the most perfect manner. She intended to furnish something 
above and beyond the ordinary ladies' school, more generous and extensive 
in culture, more self-reliant and spontaneous in government, more homelike 
and natural in watch and discipline, more thorough and comprehensive in 
its instruction, with the greatest elegance and refinement of manners, del- 
icacy and purity of taste, as well as benevolence and consecration of spirit, 
yet not unnecessarily restrictive and repressive, not gregarious. She did not 
think the atmosphere of crowded halls was healthy. Well-ordered Christian 
homes were the places where young ladies, especially, should spend their 
formative years. She would not set up a rival to any institution. She 
thought there were many young women who desired to prosecute their 
studies further than any existing schools for ladies would carry them. As 
writers, as teachers, as translators of books, as home missionaries and 
foreign, and in whatever position the providence of God should place them, 
the usefulness and happiness of women would be greatly increased by a 
more liberal education. She believed in the divine injunction that we should 
'add to virtue knowledge.' She thought that 'knowledge is power*; that 
'virtue is an angel, but she is a blind one, and must ask of knowledge to 
show her the pathway that leads to her goal.* 

**She would have this college create a new era in woman's education, and 
always occupy the van to lead up the steeps of knowledge higher and 
explore the fields wider. Its spirit should be progressive. It should teach 
not only what has been discovered, but *such other studies as coming times 
may develop or demand for the education of women or the progress of the 

•'The aim of the college, in her mind, was not the deification of culture. 
Culture is only a means, not the end, of life. It was not the ideal perfec- 
tion of woman that she aimed at, but her perfection in service, according to 
the words, 'whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant.* 
She claimed that all culture and accomplishment are naught unless the heart 
and life are united to God and Christ.** 

Sophia Smith spent the last years of her life in a new house 
which she built, standing just north of her birthplace, both 
now owned by the trustees of Smith Academy. A memorial 
tablet has been placed on the old house by the alumnje of 
Smith College. 

After her death, June 12, 1870, it was found that she had 
left $75,000 in trust to endow an academy in her native 
town. Her will appointed as trustees of this fund Joseph D. 
Billings, George W. Hubbard, Jonathan S. Graves, Alpheus 
Cowles, Silas G. Hubbard, Frederick D. Billings, William H. 
Dickinson, and Daniel W. Wells. Death has removed all of 
these except Mr. Cowles and Mr. Wells and their places 
have been taken by Eli A. Hubbard and Rev. Robert M. 
Woods, both also deceased, and by Charles K. Morton, 
Thaddeus Graves, Alfred H. Graves, David Billings, Fred- 
erick H. Bardwell, and Clarence E. Belden. 

Smith Academy w^as opened Dec. 4, 1872, with an attend- 
ance of 32 boys and 25 girls. The founder in her will gave 
directions that the school should be co-educational and that 



the female teachers should be equal in numbers or be within 
one of the number of male teachers and that the former 
should have a voice in the management of the institution. 
During the first years of its existence it had a number of 
pupils from out of town, but with the growth of high schools 
in the neighboring towns or provision by them for secondary 

education their numbers grew less and Smith Academy has 
come to supply the place of a high school for the town of 
Hatfield, which pays for the tuition of Hatfield pupils who 
are enrolled. The management of the school is in the hands 
of the board of trustees, which is self-perpetuating. 

Wililcr B. Harding, 
William Orr. 
Saiiford L. Cutler, 
Ashley H. Tlioriidikc, 
Howard W. Dickinson, 
Clayton R. Saunders. 
Albert J. Chidesttr. 
Artlnir L. Harris. 
















Mrs. Wilder B, Harding. 
Mary Houghton (Hubbard). 
Miss Anna Billings. 
Miss Emma Hubbard, 
Miss Edith Ayres, 
Mabel G. Bacon (Ripley). 
Miss Carrie A. Oarke. 


Other Instructors. i 

William B. Russell, Clara L. Graves (Dickinson), 

Louisa Graves (Tead), Miss Margaret Miller, 

Nellie Eggleston (Dizer), Cora King (Graves), 

Miss Ellen Miller, Miss Bertha Dillow, 

Emma E. Porter (Billings)^ Ruby Bardwell (Chidester), 

Charlotte Pettis (Orr), Miss Marian C. Billings. 

The Graduates of Smith Academy. 

Class of 1876. 

E. Graves, studied at Tilden Seminary, West Lebanon, N. H. ; taught 
in public schools in Hatfield ; married Roswell Billings. 

M. Antoinette Morton, married Malcolm Crawford. 

Emma E. Porter, taught in public schools in Hatfield and in Smith Academy ; 
married David Billings; died 1909. 

Rcr. Charles A. Wight, graduated from Yale University in 1882; editor Yale 
Literary Magazine; member 'Varsity crew ; studied theology at Yale, 
1883-1834; ordained to the Congregational ministry May 19, 1885; 
pastor of churches in Detroit, Mich., Anthony, Kan., St. Louis, Mo., 
Platteville, Wis., Hallowell, Me., and Chicopee Falls, Mass.; author 
of **Doorways of Hallowell," "The Hatfield Book," and frequent 
magazine articles; resides in Chicopee Falls. 

Famiie £. Woodard, died 1888. 

Class of 1S77. 

Qarence E. Belden, trustee of Smith Academy. 

Dsvid Billings, trustee of Smith Academy. 

Hattie A. Brown, married (George B. Barnes. 

Maria I. Curtis, married Frederick H. Bardwell. 

Albert L. Dyer, studied at Yale University; resides in Northampton. 

Lilla H. Peck, married Frederick P. Pease. 

Mary Lb Waite, taught in die public schools in Hatfield and Minneapolis, 

Minn.; died 1904. 
Carrie L. Warner, taught in the public schools in Hatfield and Minneapolis, 

Minn. ; married Arthur Holt ; resides in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Class of 1879. 

Anna H. Billings, graduated from Smith College in 1891 ; Ph.D. from Yale, 
1898; taught in Smith Academy, University of Southern California, 
Riverside, Cal., Redlands, Cal., Long Beach, Cal., and State Normal 
School, San Diego, Cal. ; resides in San Diego, Cal. 

Mary E. Dodge, taught in the public schools in Westhampton ; resides in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Carrie S. Porter, taught in public schools in Springfield; married Nathaniel 
B. Wade; resides in Springfield. 

Nellie A. Waite, taught in the public schools in Mil ford and in Minneapolis, 
Minn.; resides in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Class of 1880. 
Bertha M. Forbes. 

Clara S. Hawkes, married Eros Blakeslee. 

N. Gertrude Hubbard, married William Smith; resides in Northampton. 
Alice Woodard, married Frank Montague ; resides in Westhampton. 

Class of 1881. 

Hmily G. Billings, graduated from Music Department, Smith College, in 1885; 

teacher of music; died 1894. 
P'annie I. Bennett, died 1903. 
I^te A. (ThaflFee, married William Hall; died 1895. 


Henry A. Cutter, resides in St. Louis, Mo. 

Myra L. Howes, married Cooley Dickinson; resides in Whately. 

Lovisa J. Montague, resides in Westliampton. 

Margaret Miller, taught in Smith Academy; author of "My Saturday Bird 

Class"; resides in Deerfield. 
Charles Porter, resides in Northampton. 
Amy E. Stebbins, married Henry A. Cutter; resides in St. Louis, Mo. 

Class of 1882. 

George Douglass, resides in Leeds. 

Albert Holcomb. 

L. lola Pearl, taught in Hartford, Conn., and Quincy; resides in Chesterfield. 

Cora B. Delano, married Shipman ; died 1892. 

Emma L. Wartield, married Eldredge. 

Frank E. Wing, studied at Yale University. 

Class of 1883. 

Mary A. Whipple, taught in the public schools in Belchertovvn and Pelham; 
resides in Amherst. 

Class of 1S84. 

Arthur H. Beers, resides in Whately, 

Elsie E. Elder, married Edward F'rary : resides in South Deerfield. 

Lulu E. Field, married Ernest Frary; resides in South Deerfield. 

Sarah G. Langdon, taught in the public schools in Whately; married (1) 

Arthur Jenny; married (2) Samuel F. Billings. 
Charlotte A. Porter, taught in the public schools in Springfield ; engaged in 
Y. W. C. A. work in Chicago, 111.. Detroit, Mich., and hi Xew 

York, N. Y. 
Herbert L. Richardson. 

Class of 1885. 

Charlotte W. Billings, resides in Redlands, Cal. 
Arthur S. Damon. 
Thomas Powers. 

Class of 1887. 

Hattic A. Carl, taught in the public schools in Hatfield; married Wilbur L 

Davis; resides in Amherst. 
Carrie C. Field, married Charles Cobb: resides in Boston. 
Clara L. Graves, studied at Mount Holyoke College; taught in Smith 

Academy ; married William C. Dickinson. 
Laura H. Graves, studied music in Germany; resides in New York, N. Y'. 
Sarah \L. Kingslcy, taught in the public schools in Hatfield; married George 

Grace H. Marsh, resides in Easthampton. 
l-^lizahcth D. Porter, taught in the public schools in Hatfield and Springfield; 

j^radiiatod from Boston I'niversity in 1887 and Springfield Training 

School in 1892; instructor in physical culture in the Y. W. C. A. in 

Lowell: M.l). at Boston L'niversity in 1901; married Dr. F. Mason 

Padclford -. resides in Fall River. 

Nelhc I'-. Powers, married Collins. 

Grace- IC. Wchbcr, taught in the public schools in Hatfield; married James D. 

Bard well. 
CharK's ( ). Wells, j^^raduated from Amherst College in 1891 ; prominent in 

ailik'tics; bolder of records in one and two mile runs, N. E. I. A. A.; 

president of X. R. I. A. A.; died 1892. 
M. Anna Writfht, resides in Wallingford. Conn. 

Class of 1S88. 

Geortie I'. IJartcMi. Kradnated from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1891; 
re.sides in Millville, N. J. 


Mary J. Breor, taught in public schools in Hatfield; married Laurence A. 

Nellie A. Carl, taught in the public schools in Hatfield; married George S. 

Belden; died 1898. 
Hattic S. Marsh, resides in Boston. 
Lizzie E. Ryan, taught in the public schools in Hatfield; married John W. 


Class of i88g. 
George S. Belden. 

Jennie M. Barnes, married William G. Keating; resides in Manchester, N. H. 
Bridget C. Day, teacher in business school in Springfield. 
Elizabeth Fairbank, graduated from Mount Holyoke College in 1893; taught 

in Arms Academy, Shelbume Falls; married William W. Hast- 
ings, Ph.D. ; resides in Springfield. 
Myra J. P'ield, married C. Edward Warner. 
M. Augusta L. Graves, married John S. Carl. 
Howard M. Graves, resides in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
George W. Hubbard, graduated from College of Physicians and Surgeons, 

Baltimore, Md., in 1894; physician in South Hadley and Springfield; 

resides in Springfield. 
Mary J. Mosher, postmistress at Bradstreet. 

Class of 1891. 
Carrie M. Allaire, died 1892. 
C. Louise Bardwell, taught in Deerfield and Minneapolis, Minn.; married 

Charles Crosby; resides in Minneapolis, Minn. 
C. Mabel Barton, studied at Bridgewater Normal School ; graduated from 

Springfield Training School in 1901 ; teacher in the public schools 

in Hatfield; also taught in West Springfield. 
Mabel L. Billings, married H. L. Howard. 

Alice De Riemer, studied at Smith College ; taught in Illinois ; died 1903. 
Rose Fairbank, graduated from Smith College in 1895; M.D. at Johns Hop- 
kins University in 1900 ; missionary in India ; married Dr. Lester 

Beals; resides in India. 
Anna M. Graves, married Howard W. Dickinson ; resides in Springfield. 
Hattie W. Kingsley, married Harry Hunt. 
Lida A. Kingsley, married Herbert D. Smith. 
Annette M. Lowell, graduated from Smith College in 1895; married Prof. 

Ashley H. Thorndike; resides in Yonkers, N. Y. 
Ethel Moffette, married Leslie R. Smith ; resides in Hadley. 
William A. Morton, killed by the cars in 1891. 
Bertha B. Thayer, graduated from Smith College in 1897; married Rev. 

Eugene Lyman ; resides in Bangor, Me. 

Class of 1892. 

Lena M. Douglas, trained nurse. 

Thaddeus Graves, graduated from Massachusetts Agricultural College in 

Harr\' L. Howard, 
Mabel Marsh, taught in the public schools in Springfield; married Porter 

Hemenway; resides in Springfield. 

Class of 1895. 

Mabel Bradford, taught in the public schools in Springfield and Hatfield. 

Edith B. Cooke, resides in New York. X. Y. 

Katherine W. Day, teacher in the public schools in Hatfield. 

Mary D. Fairbank, graduated from Smith College in 1899; taught in Utica, 

X. Y., Brooklyn, N. Y., and Jersey City, N. J.; missionary in 

Jhansi, India. 
S. Marion Field, taught in the public schools in Leverctt ; married Julius \\. 

Trott; resides in Amherst. 
Hannah Leary, married George Doppmann. 


Class of 1896. 
Oscar E. Belden. 
Mary E. Breor, taught in the public schools in Hatfield; married George 

Pellissier; resides in Orange, N. J. 
Ella M. Carl, married Harry E. Graves. 

Emma L. Carl, married Dr. George Johnson; resides in Morristown, N. J. 
M. Reba Graves, married Robert L. Belden. 
Edith A. Howard. 

Alice E. Marsh, married Walter Thayer; resides in Williamsburg. 
Helen L. Porter, married Hugh McLeod. 
Mabel M. Strong. 
Carrie H. Warner, taught in the public schools in Hatfield and Allston. 

Class of 1897, 

Marian C. Billings, graduated from Smith College in 1901 ; taught in the 
public schools in Springfield and Warren and in Smith Academy. 

Margaret D. Harris, married Archie P. Graves. 

Minnie C. Riis, graduated from Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; taught 
domestic science in New York city, Kentucky, Louisiana, and 
Spokane, Wash. ; married Harry W. Olney ; resides in Spokane, Wash. 

Reuben F. Wells, graduated from Amherst College in 1901 ; studied at 
Bridgewater Normal School; taught in South Jersey Institute, 
Bridgeton, N. J. 

Class of 1898. 

Clarence M. Bradford, resides in St. Louis, Mo. 
William R. Cutter. 

Monda M. La Mountain, resides in South Hadley Falls. 
Clara A. Wade, married Roscoc L. Bartlett; resides in Portsmouth, N. H. 
E. Edward Wells, graduated from Amherst College in 1903; resides in 
New York city. 

Class of 1899. 

H. Louisa Billings, graduated from Smith College in 1905; taught in the 
public schools in Deerfield, Hatfield, and Newton; demonstrator in 
physics in Smith College, 1906-1908; appointed assistant in phvsics, 

Alice L. Day. 

Ursula G. Graves. 

Clara A. Harris, married Herbert E. Carter; resides in Baldwinsville. 

Anna E. Harris, married John C. Burrington; resides in Charlemont. 

Viola P. Larkin, resides in Springfield. 

William H. Leary, graduated from Amherst College in 1903 and from the 
law school of the University of Chicago in 1907; resides in Salt Lake 
City, Utah; clerk of District Court, 1904-1905; secretary of Bryan 
Club, 1908. 

William E. Ryan, resides in Springfield. 

Class of 1900. 

Ruby I. Bardwcll, graduated from Smith College in 1904; taught in Smith 
Academy; married Albert J. Chidester; resides in Simsbur>', Conn. 

Anna C. Day. 

C. Edward Graves, graduated from Wesleyan University in 1908; studied in 
Paris, France; professor of Romance languages in Wesleyan Uni- 

Lillian I. Proulx, studied music and art in Smith College, 1901-1904; 
married Charles Ilalligan ; resides in East Lansing, Mich. 

Margaret A. Ryan, graduated from Wcstfield Normal School in 1903; 
teacher in the public schools in Hatfield. 

M. Arvilla Sampson, graduated from North Adams Normal School ; taught 
in A. M. A. schools in Kentucky, Georgia, Porto Rico, and Hawaii; 
married Frederick Dyer ; resides in Amherst. 


Charles S. Thayer, drowned 1905. 

Josiah B. Woods, studied at Phillips Andover Academy; graduated from 
Amherst College in 1905; resides in Baltimore, Md. 

Class of 1901, 

Laura F. Billings. 

G. Raymond Billings. 

William L. Belden, studied at Massachusetts Agricultural College. 

Helen E. Boyle, married John Heafey; resides in Whately. 

Bernice N. Cutter. 

£. Langdon Graves, studied at Massachusetts Agricultural College; post- 
master at Hatfield. 

Rupert D. Graves. 

Ethel P. Moore, graduated from Smith College in 1906; taught in the public 
schools in Island Pond, Vt., and Hatfield. 

Theresa M. Nolan, studied at Smith College. 

Howard A. Strong. 

Louisa B. Wells, studied at the Capen School, Northampton, and at Smith 
College; married C. Edward Cowan; resides in Holyoke. 

Class of 1902. 

Leonard C. Allaire, graduated from Amherst College in 1907; member of 

'Varsity baseball team. 
Arthur C. Bardwell, studied at Amherst College. 
Roswell G. Billings, graduated from Amherst College in 1907; resides in 

Frank H. Breor, graduated from Purdue University in 1907; resides in 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
Barbara Doppmann, graduated from Westfield Normal School in 1905; 

teacher in the public schools in New Jersey. 
Robert E. Fitzgerald. 
Alpheus Godin, resides in Springfield. 
John H.. Hubbard, studied at Kimball Union Academy; graduated from 

Amherst College in 1907; captain of the football team; captain of 

the track team; resides in Pelham. 
M. Larkin Proulx. 
Maude F. Warner. 
Katherine Woods, graduated from Smith College in 1907; nurses' course 

at Massachusetts General Hospital. 

Class of 1903. 

Eva W. Graves, graduated from Smith College in 1908; teacher in the public 

schools in Danbury, Conn. 
Pearl R. Kingsley. 
Sarah V. Kiley, graduated from Westfield Normal School in 1906; teacher in 

the public schools in Hatfield. 
Katherine A. Lovett. 

Class of 1904. 

Ruth E. Billings, studied at Northfield Seminary. 

Olive H. Hubbard, graduated from Smith College in 1909 ; teacher in Sander- 
son Academy, Ashfield. 

Louis A. Webber. 

Charlotte Woods, graduated from Mount Holyoke College in 1909; supervisor 
of music in the towns of Hatfield, Hadley, and Bernardston. 

Class of 1905. 

Homer F. Bardwell, resides in Hartford, Conn. 
J. Leonard Day, student in Syracuse, University. 
Mary A. Levitre, resides in Springfield. 
K. Helen Murphy, married Rupert D. Graves. 


CloM of 1907. 
Isabel S. Warner. 
John Stenglein, studied at Amherst College. 

Class of igoS. 
Maude E. Boyte. 

Vivian Bowman, student in Boston University. 
Claude H. Hubbard, student in Atnherst College. 
Arthur La Mountain. 
Margaret Woods, student in Mount Holyoke College. 

Chis of 1909. 
Frank Bean, resides in Boston. 
R. Harrison Belden, resides in Springfield. 
George Ebcrlein, student in Syracuse University. 

Agricultural College. 

The following list contains the names of Hatfield students 
who have been college graduates in addition to those given 
among the students of Smith Academy. It was prepared 
by Samuel D. Partridge and is taken from the sketch of 
Hatlield in the "History of the Connecticut Valley," 

Rev. Samuel Allis, 



ohn Hastings. 

Vale. 1«15 

Edward Billings, 



onathan H. Lyman, 

Yale, 1802 

Joseph Billings, 



oseph L. Morton, 

Vale. IBS 

Edward C, Billings, 



ohn Partridge, 

Hanard, ITDS 

Charles M, Billings, 



)liver Partridge, 
Samuel Partridge, 

Vale, 173U 

Arthur W. Billings, 

Vale, 1767 

Yale (Sheffield Scientific SdiooH. 

Samuel D. Partridge, Amherst; 1837 

Nathaniel Chauncey, 



Joseph L. Partridge, Williams, I8ffl 



George C. Partridge, 

, Amherst. IWJ 

Moses Dickinson. 



Charles Smith, 

-\mlierst. IStl 

Benjamin Dickinson. 



William Williams, 

Harvard. VQS 

Azariah Dickinson, 



Elisha Williams, 

Harvard. 1711 

Josiah Dwighl, 



Solomon Williams, 

Harvard, 1719 

Joseph Dwight, 



John Williams, 

Harvard, 1751 

William Graves, 



Israel Williams. 

Harvard. 1729 

Thaddeus Graves. 



Israel Williams. 

Vale. 1762 

Jonathan Hubbard. 



George W. Waite, 

Amherst, 186L 

John Hubb-ird, 


e. 1747. 


After the Civil war the Fitch Brothers and Porter (John 
T. and George C. Fitch and Henry S. Porter) bought the 
sawmills previously operated by Henry Wilkie, on Broad 
Brook, and Harvey Moore, on Mill river, and did a business 
of considerable magnitude at both mills for several years. 
The Wilkie mill was bought in 1890 by AWin L. Strong and 
is still operated by hini. Another sawmill was operated by 

Thb Lathe Smop. 

the Dickinson Brothers at West Brook till about 1890, when 
it was bought by Francis G. Bardwell, whose heirs have 
continued the business till the present time. Seth W. Kings- 
ley also makes use of a water power on Mill river at the Hill 
bridge, in connection with his wagon shop and to run a 
cider mill. 

These were all comparatively small establishments em- 
ploying only a few men. but the water power from Mill 


river has been developed to sustain two flourishing manu- 
facturing concerns located close by the spot where Thomas 
Meekins set up his sawmill in the early days. About 1874 
the Crescent Pistol Company was organized by Henry S. 
Porter, Edward Preston, and Jonathan E. Porter, who com- 
menced to manufacture pistols in the old Moore sawmill, on 
the site of the so-called "pistol shop." In February, 1877, 
Andrew Hyde and Maj. Charles S. Shattuck brought up from 
Springfield their pistol manufacturing business and went into 
partnership with Mrs, Mary D. Porter. A year later Mrs. 
Porter withdrew and the business was continued by Hyde 
and Shattuck. In 1880 Major Shattuck bought out his 



partner and conducted the factory alone, turning out many 
revolvers. Soon after he began to make single-barreled, 
breech-loading shotguns and a few years later double-bar- 
reled guns also. Large quantities of both were made, aver- 
aging for a time 15.000 guns per year. 

Tile old factory was burned Jan. 29, 1881. It was imme- 
diately rclmilt on the same .'^ite. The present concrete dam 
was built in 1905. The manufacture of guns was temporarily 
abanclotKMl in I'lO'l, the only arms now turned out being a 
new model fonr-sliot ])istol. The bulk of the business con- 
sists of the manufacture of automatic screw machine prod- 


ucts, principally spark plugs for automobiles. Allen W. 
Houghton is associated with Major Shattuck, the firm name 
being the Bay State Screw Company. Mr. Houghton was 
engaged in the manufacture of these products in Springfield 
before coming to Hatfield. 

About 1882 Jonathan E. Porter hired part of the upstairs 
floor space in the Shattuok shop for the manufacture of 
lathes. The product found a good market and larger quar- 
ters became necessary. The present lathe shop was built in 
1886 and has been enlarged several times since to meet the 
requirements of a growing business. From 1886 to 1892 
Mr. Porter was in company with Lewis Warner of North- 
ampton. Then Mr. Warner withdrew and Mr. Porter, with 
his son-in-law, Hugh McLeod, has continued the manufac- 
ture of a full line of engine lathes under the name of the 
Porter Machine Company. 

The growth of these manufacturing establishments has 
given employment to a large number of Hatfield men of a 
mechanical turn of mind, so that the town has not diminished 
in size to the extent that many agricultural communities 
have. Some skilled mechanics from outside places have been 
attracted to the town. The Porter Machine Company owns 
several houses to rent to operatives. 




The descent of the families of twenty-eight of the early 
settlers of Hatfield is here given. Further information con- 
cerning the heads of families in the nineteenth cen- 
tury — residents or their descendants who came later — ^will 
be found in Part II. A careful search of town and family 
records and gravestone inscriptions has been made, but no 
claim is put forward that all dates are correct. Where 
the records do not agree, as is often the case, the town 
records have been followed closely, and some divergence 
from previously published lists will be noted. Before Sept 
3, 1753, all dates are old style, after that date new style, 
which will explain the year in some cases. 


a. — aged. 

abt. — about. 

Amh. — Amherst. 

b. — born. 

bap. — baptized. 

ch.— child or children. 

chh. — church. 

Con. — Conway. 

d.— died. 

dau. — daughter. 

Dfd.— Deerfield. 

Gfd. — Greenfield. 

Had.— Hadley. 

Hart. — Hartford, Conn. 

Hat— Hatfield. 

k.— killed, 
m. — married. 
Nfd.— Northfield. 
Nhn. — Northampton, 
prob. — ^probably. 
rem. — removed, 
res. — resided, 
s. — son. 

sett. — settler or settled. 
Sp f d. — Springfield. 
Sund. — Sunderland, 
unm. — ^unmarried. 
Wfd.— Westfield. 
What.— Whately. 
wid. — widow. 



LIEUT. WILLIAM ALLIS came from England abt. 1635. 
St knowledge we have of him was the taking the freeman's 

Braintree, May 13, 1640. He m. (1) Mary , who d. 

9, 1677; m. (2) June 25, 1678, Mary, dau. of John Bronson 
i. of John Graves. She was also the wid. of John Wyatt of 
n. Conn., before she m. John Graves of Hat. After the 

of William Allis, she m. Capt. Samuel Gaylord, Mar. 16, 

n, b. Mar. 5, 1642. Hannah, b. 1654 ; m. June 28, 1670, 

b. Feb. 24, 1647. William Scott. 

). 1649; d. Oct. 15, 1651. William, b. Jan. 10, 1656; d. May 19, 

.. Oct. 20, 1651. 1676. 

b. Jan. 10, 1653; d. July, Mary, b. 1657; d. unm. Jan. 25, 1690. 

"apt. John, s. of Lieut. William (1), a carpenter in Hat., 
at Braintree, Mar. 5, 1642 ; d. Jan., 1691 ; m. Dec. 14, 1669, 
lau. of Thomas Meekins and wid. of Nathaniel Clark. She 
Samuel Belden of Hat. abt. 1691. 

jcph, b. Nov. 11. 1670; m. Lydia, b. Aug. 15, 1680; d. Aug. 31, 

; k. by Indians, June 19, 1691. 

John, b. May 10, 1682; m. (1) Jan. 

b. Feb. 25. 1672; m. Jan. 23, 29, 1708, Mary Lawrence; m. (2) 

Iphraim Wells. Bethiah Field. 

b. Oct. 9, 1673 ; m. Samuel Rebecca, b. Apr. 16. 1683 ; m. Apr. 30, 

1702, Nathaniel Graves. 

h. July 10. 1675. William, b. Mav 16. 1684. 

b July 23. 1677; m. Mar. 17, Marv. b. Aug. 25, 1687; d. Apr. 20, 

femima Graves of Hat. ; d. 1688. 

2, 1758. Nathaniel, m. .abt. 1705, Mercy Dud- 

. b. Apr. 4. 1679; m. July 13, ley. 
ames Bridgman. 

CH.xBOD, s. of Capt. John (2). was b. at Hat, July 10, 1675; 
9, 1747; ni. (1) abt. 1698, Marv. dau. of Samuel Belden, Jr. 
s b. Aug. 27, 1679; d. Sept. 9,' 1724. He m. (2) Nov. 25, 
irah, dau. of Benjamin Waite and wid. of John Belden. She 
>tured and carried to Canada in 1677. Res. in Hat. 

igail. b. Feb. 28, 1700; m. Martha, b. Nov. 19, 1703; m. (1) 

iel Smith of Sund. John Wells of Hat.; m. (2) Na- 

Jan. 7, 1702; m. Jan. 13. thanicl Hammond of Hardwick; 

>aniel Dickinson: d. Oct. 16. m. (3) Nathaniel Kellogg; d. Sept. 

13, 1764. 


Samuel, b. Dec. 12, 1705; m. Nov. 4, Bathsheba, b. Jan. 12, 1710; m. 1734, 

1729, Hannah Sheldon; d. Dec. 16, Jonathan Warner. 

1796. Abel, b. July 21. 1714; m. Dec. 14, 

Sarah, b. Jan. 11, 1708; m. Nov. 14, 1735, Miriam Scott. 

1734, Joseph Miller. Elisha, b. Dec. 3, 1716. 

4. Elisha, s. of Ichabod (3), was b. Dec. 3, 1716, at Hat; was 
in Somers, Conn., in 1751 ; d. Nov. 23, 1784. He m. (1) Dec. 20, 
1744, Anna, dau. of John Marsh of Had. She was b. in 1721. He 
m. (2) wid. Sarah Cutler, dau. of Samuel Reed of Burlington, Vt. 
She d. Mar. 25, 1807. Res. in Hat. 

Ch.: Anna, m. July 5, 1774, Dr. Josiah Abel, b. 1757; m. Miss Allen; was a 

Pomeroy of Keene, N. H. He was doctor. 

a surgeon in the English army, William, b. 1758; m. Oct. 20. 1784, 

1788. Sophia Smith; rem. to Lowville, 

Electa, d. unm., a. 20. N. Y. 

Josiah, b. 1754; m. Anna, dau. of Elisha, b. 1760; m. wid. Mary (Dick- 

Elisha Hubbard. inson) Ingram, dau. of Obadiah 

John, b. Jan. 18, 1756: m. Esther, Dickinson of Hat. 

dau. of Samuel Partridge of Hat. 

5. WiLLi.xM, s. of Elisha (4), was b. in 1758; m. Oct. 20, 1784, 
Sophia Smith. She was b. in 1765 and d. Sept. 24, 1807. 

Ch.: William. Dexter, b. Feb. 7. 1797; m. Xov. 18. 

Sarah. 1824, Mary Waite of Hat. 

Electa, b. Julv 15, 1792; m. Dec. 17, Mary, b. Oct. 15, 1799. 

1818. Jonathan Porter of Hat. Thomas Cutler, b. Mar. 30, 1802. 

Sophia, b. July 9, 1794. 

6. Dkxter, s. of William (5), was b. Feb. 7, 1797; d. Dec. 28, 
1882: m. Nov. 18. 1824, Marv, dau. of Daniel Waite of Hat. She 
was b. May 27, 1806, and d. July 19, 1886. 

Ch.: Waitstill. b. Oct. 11, 1825; d. Elizabeth Hastings, b. Xov. 22. 1831; 

unni. Feb. 18, 1901. m. Jan. 1, 1857, Samuel F. Billing. 

Daniel Waite. b. Aug. 9, 1828. Marv Waite, b. Oct. 11. 1833; m. Oct. 

William Pcnn, b. Apr. 9, 1830. 20, 1858, Dr. C. S. Hurlbut of SpfA 

7. D.\mi:l Waite, s. of Dexter (6), was b. Aug. 9, 1828; d. 
Dec. 28. 1873 ; m. Dec. 7, 1854, Sarah Jane Hurlbut of Spfd. She 
was I). Nov. 22, 1834, and d. Jan. 18, 1899. 

Ch.: Josephine S., b. Jan. 30. 1858; d. Spfd. 

Nov. 22. 1873. Dexter Hurlbut, b. Aug. 10, 1867: m. 
Jainis Hurllmt, b. Julv 9, 1862; d. Nov. 24, 1904, Flora Mav Castle. 

July 9, 1863. Edward Milton, b. Dec. 9", 1870: m. 
Marv Waite. h. Mav 5. 1865 : ni. June Oct. 16, 1901, Florence Wightman. 

22, 1904, Edward H. Wilkinson of 

8 Wir.r.i.xM TM:xx, s. of Dexter (6), was b. Apr. 9, 1830; m. 
Feb', 1860, Amelia P.aker. 

Ch.: Charles, h. Mar. 18, 1862; d. 26, 1863, at Wilbraham. 

June 23, 1863. William Baker, b. June 7, 1866; m. 
Fanny .\. and .\inia A., twins, b. July Mollie . 

9. Joiix, s. of Elisha (4), was b. Jan. 18, 1756; d. Mar. 1. IS29: 
111. I^^stlier, dau. of Samuel Partridge of Hat. She was b. Mar. 26. 
1761. and d. Dec. 22, 1834. 


Ch.: Abigail b. Dec. 14, 1779; m. John, b. Sept. 4, 1786; d. Oct. 3, 1807, 

Erastus Billings; d. Oct. 14, 1829. a. 21. 

Fannie, b. Nov. 11, 1781; d. Feb. 9, Josiah, b. May 2, 1794. 

1789. Dwight Lathrop, b. Oct. 13, 1805; d. 

Sophia, b. Nov. 18, 1783; ni. Remem- July 6, 1809. 

brance Bardwell ; d. June 22, 1847. 

10. JosiAii, s. of John (9), was b. May 2, 1794; d. Xov. 13, 
1866; m. (1) Mav 17, , Salome Osborn. who was b. June 26, 

'1801, and d. Oct. 29, 1833; m. (2) May 18, 1839, Louisa M. Bard- 
well, who was b. May 3, 1807, and d. May 29, 1875. 

Ch. (by Salome Osborn) : Son, b. 1842; d. Jan. 4, 1862. 

Jan. 17, 1822. Augusta Salome, b. Dec. 29, 1824; m. 

Harriet Atwood, b. Jan. 17, 1823; m. Dec. 14, 1842, John D. Brown. 

James Morton of Hat., Nov. 24, 

11. Dexter Hurlbut, s. of Daniel Waite (7). was b. Aug. 10, 
1867: m. Xov. 24. 1904, Flora May Castle. He is now a dentist, 
practicing in Spfd. 

Ch.: Catherine Hurlbut. b. Sept. 21, 1905. 

12. EDW^^RD Milton, s. of Daniel Waite (7), was b. Dec. 9, 
1870; ni. Oct. 16, 1901, Florence Wightman. 

Ch.: Milton Wightman. b. July 8, 1905. 

1902; d. May 7. 1906. Marjorie Wightman, b. Dec. 5. 1908. 

Jairus Searle Hurlbut. b. July 22, 


1. ROBERT BARDWELL of Hat. d. Jan. 9, 1726, a. 79. He 
111. Nov. 29, 1676, Mary, dau. of William Gull. She d. Xov. 12, 

Ch.: Ebenezer. b. Oct. 19, 1679. 1717, Joseph Belding. 

Marv, b. Oct. 15, 1681. Sarah, m. May 19, 1713, Jonathan 

John. b. Sept. 16, 1683; d. 1685. Barrett of Hart. 

Samuel, b. Sept. 26, 1685. Thankful, m. May 23, 1717, Abram 

John, b. Aug. 18 or 28, 1687. Graves. 

Elizabeth, b. July 30, 1689. A])igail, b. abt. 1699; m. June 6, 1720, 

Thomas, b. Dec. 8, 1691. David Graves ; d. 1786, a. 87. 

Hester, b. Aug. 8, 1693; m. Oct. 23, 

2. Ebenezer, s. of Robert (1), was b. Oct. 19, 1679, in Hat. ; d. 
July 13, 1732; m. Apr. 25, 1706, Mary, dau. of Joseph and Joanna 
( Wyatt) Field of Hat. She was b. July 18, 1684. They res. on 
the estate that descended from Robert. 

Ch. (h. in Hat.) : Ebenezer, b. Sept. Esther, b. 1715; d. soon. 

10, 1707; m. Elizabeth Gillett; rem. Jonathan, b. Jan. 5, 1718. 

to What. Abigail, b. Oct. 14, 1722; m. Noah 

Hannah, b. Jan. 24, 1709. Wells; rem. to What. 

Joseph, b. 1711. Esther, b. Dec. 16. 1723; m. 1743, 

Remembrance, b. 1713. Daniel Morton; rem. to What. 

3. Remembraxck. s. of Ebenezer (2), was b. in Hat. in 1713; 
d. Nov. 9, 1779; m. 1742, Hannah, dau. of Ebenezer and Hannah 



(Frary) Dickinson of Hat. She was b. Feb. 17, !715, and d. Mar. 

16, 1788. He res. on the old homestead and was a man of much 

prominence and influence. 

CA- (b. in Hat.) : Sarah, b. Aug. 30, 
1743 ; m. Mar. 14, 17TO, Jesse Bill- 

Noah, b. .^pr. 28, 1748; m. Lucy 

Waite ; rem. to Wliat. 
Hannah, b. Aug. 4, 1750; 

Dickinson of No. Hat. 
Seih. b. Dec. 23, 17S2. 

4. Setm, s. of Remembrance (3), was b. in Hat., Dec. 23. 1752; 
k. by lightning June 16, 1795 ; m. Aug. 31, 1773, Hannah Dickinson, 
dau. of Salmon Dickinson of Hat. He sett, on the old Bardwell 
homestead and was an active business man. She d. Dec. 31, 1833, 
a. 81. 

Ch. (b. in Hat.) : KHjah. b. Nov, 12. 

Silas, b. Apr. 27, 1777; m. Pnmclia, 

dau. of William Morion. 
Lois. b. Nov, 7. 1779; m. Oct. 18. 

1808. Alpheus Longky. 
Remembrance, h, Feb, 3, 1782; m, 

Sopliia, dau, of John .Allis. 
Sclh, b. Mav 18. 1784; m. Ann 

Warner of ■Williamsburg; d, Oct, 

23. 18fi6, Thfv !iad one child, Pa- 

melia, b. Sept. 7. 1839; r 

Brown ; d, Nov, 26. 1833- 
Hannah. b. July 31, 1786: d, 
William, b, Aug. 21. 178?; m 

1814, Sabra Swifi. 
Oliver, b. Apr. 25, 1791 ; d, 

Jeremiah, b. May 5. 1793; i 

niond Harris; no ch. 
Salmon D,. b, Feb, 29. 1796; 

.\nn While, 

I, JoMah 

Dec. 17. 

, 16. 1857 
of H^it. 

)( .suth i4i. \va.< 1., in Hat,. Nov. 12. 1775; d, 
1 1 Ian, 1. ISOO. Miriam, dau. of Joseph Dickin- 
rt-a- 1). .Aug. 30, 1781. and d. Oct. 7, 1841. He 


m. (2) Luanda Waite of Amh. in Aug., 1842. She d. May 17, 
1871, a. 81. 

Ch. (b. in Hat.) : Hannah, b. abt. Hannah, b. May 7, 1812; m. Nov. 27, 
1801 ; d. Jan. 2, 1803. 1837, Asahel Wright of Dfd. ; d. 

Elijah, b. Sept. 13, 1802. May 4, 1874. 

6. Silas, s. of Seth (4), was b. in Hat, Apr. 27, 1777; d. May 
8, 1862 ; m. Sept. 16, 1802, Pamelia, dau. of William Morton. She 
was b. Dec. 15, 1783, and d. Aug. 22, 1854. 

Ch.: Oliver, b. Dec. 15, 1803; d. in 1882. 

infancy. Louisa, b. May 3, 1807; m. Josiah 

Oliver, b. June 23, 1805 ; d. Mar. 9, Allis ; d. May 29, 1875. 

7. Remembrance, s. of Seth (4), was b. in Hat., Feb. 3, 1782; 
d. Dec. 20, 1863; m. Apr. 12, 1802, Sophia, dau. of John Allis. 
She was b. Nov. 18, 1783, and d. June 22, 1847. 

Ch. : Eliza, b. Oct. 22, 1803 ; d. Sept. Dwight L., b. 1812 ; d. Aug. 20, 1832, 

15, 1804. a. 20. 

Eliza A., b. Oct. 22, 1804; m. Harvey Sophia A., b. Jan. 20, 1820; m. Nov. 

Graves. 17, 1842, E. A. Dickinson of What. 

8. William, s. of Seth (4), was b. in Hat, Aug. 21, 1788; d. 
Dec. 24, 1872; m. Jan. 21, 1814, Sabra, dau. of Heman Swift of 
What. She was b. Nov. 29, 1794, and d. Apr. 7, 1868. 

Ch.: William E., d. Jan. 7, 1890. Charles L, d. Oct. 8, 1907. 

Edwin, b. Nov. 16, 1822; d. Sept. 5, Lorenzo, m. Sarah Allis. 

1898; m. (1) Mar. 10, 1847, Dollie George W., b. 1819; drowned Aug. 2, 

Ann Graves of What. ; m. (2) June 1834, a. 15. 

I, 1871, Martha R. Birde. 

9. Salmon D., s. of Seth (4), was b. at Hat., Feb. 29, 1796; m. 
Oct. 13, 1834, Lucy Ann, dau. of Elijah White of Hat. Res. in 
Margaretta, Ohio. 

Ch,: Anna L., b. July 2, 1835 ; m. May garetta, Ohio. 

II, 1859, William Graves of Mar- Maria L., b. Feb. 19, 1838. 

10. Elijah, s. of Elijah (5), was b. at Hat, Sept. 13, 1802; d. 
Mar. 28, 18i83 ; m. Dec. 12, 1833, Cynthia, dau. of Lucius Field of 
Leverett. She was b. July 28, 1810, and d. Feb. 14, 1878. He was 
an active business man and much in public life. 

Ch. (b. in Hat.): Martha Jane, b. Elijah Ashley, b. Feb. 1, 1846; m. 

July 5, 1838. Sarah E. Dickinson. 

Caleb Dickinson, b. Sept. 28, 1840; Asahel Wright, b. May 28. 1848; 

m. Sarah A Warner. drowned July 28, 1864. 

Henry Field, b. Nov. 6, 1842; m. Frederick Harrison, b. Feb. 12, 1854; 

Alice L. Brown. m. Maria Irene Curtis. 

11. Caleb Dickinson, s. of Elijah (10), was b. at Hat., Sept. 
28, 1840; d. May 12, 1907; m. Sept. 28, 1870, Sarah A., dau. of 
James W. Warner. He was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, 
M.V.M., in the Civil war. 

Ch.: Cynthia Louisa, b. Mar. 4, 1874; polis, Minn. 

m. Charles C. Crosby of Minnea- Robert James, b. Mar. 5, 1877. 


12. Henry Field, s. of Elijah (10), was b. at Hat., Nov. 6, 
1842; d. Oct. 4, 1892; m, Nov. 4, 1868, Alice L., dau. of John D. 
Brown. She was b. Apr. 29, 1848, and d. Oct. 29, 1907. 

Ch.: Harry Elijah, b. Mar. 24, 1871. Wilfred P. Weaver of Hart. 

Martha Eveline, b. May 31, 1873; m. 

13. EijjAH Ashley, s. of Elijah (10), was b. at Hat., Feb. 1. 
1846; m. (1) Dec. 13, 1871, Sarah E.. dau. of William H. Dickin- 
son. She d. Auf2^. 10, 1876. He m. (2) Sept. 11, 1886, Lois Ann 
Wright of ^lanchester, V^t. 

Ch. (by Sarah E. Dickinson) : James Smith's Ferry. They have one 

Dickinson, b. Mav 10, 1875; m. chWd, Catherine Dickinson, h. Aug. 

Sept. 5, 1899, Martha B. Smith of 1, 1902. 

14. Frederick Harrison, s. of Elijah (10), was b. at Hat.. Feb. 
12, 1854: m. Dec. 4, 1879. Maria Irene, dau. of Lucius G. Curtis of 
Hat. She was b. Sept. 23, 1857. 

Ch.: Ruby Irene, b. Mar. 14. 1883; Arthur Curtis, b. Aug. 10, 1885. 
m. June 30, 1909, Albert J. Chi- Homer Frederick, b. Dec. 19, 1887. 
dester. Curtis P'ield, b. June 9, 1893. 


1. Of RICHARD DEEDING (or BELDEN) of Wethersfield, 
Conn., we have no date of birth, marriage, or death of his family. 
The name of his wife has not been found. It is claimed that 
Samuel was his eldest child, who was b. in England, and from him 
are descended the Hat. Beldens, Richard's two sons : — 

Ch.: Samuel, b. abt. 1628. John. b. abt. 1631. 

2. Dea. Samukl, s. of Richard (1), was b. in England abt. 
1628; rem. from Wethersfield, Conn., to Hat. in 1661: d. Jan. 3, 

1713. He m. (1) Mary , who was k. by the Indians, Sept. 19, 

1677, at Hat.; m. (2) June 25, 1678, Mary, wid. of Thomas Wells 
and dau. of William Beardslev of Wethersfield. She was b. in 1631 
and d. before 1691. He m. (3) Mary, wid. of Capt. John Allis and 
dau. of Thomas Meekins. He m. (4) Apr. 10, 1705, Sarah, wid. 
of John Wells. 

Ch.: Mary. 1). July 10. 1655, at Wcth- Stephen, b. Dec. 28, 1658, at Wethers- 

ersrickl. Conn. ; m. Daniel Weld. field. Conn. 

Samuel, h. Apr. 6. 1657, at Wethers- Sarah, b. Sept. 30, 1661, at Hat. 

field. Conn. ; ni. wid. Sarah Fellows Ann, b. Jan. 27, 1665, at Hat. 

Billings. IChcnezer. b. Nov. 16. 1667, at Hat. 

John, b. Nov. 13, 1669, at Hat. 

3 Sti PiiKN, s. of Samuel (2), was b. at Wethersfield, Conn.. 
Dec. 28, 1638; d. Oct. 6. 1720; m. Au^-. 16, 1682, Mary, dau. of 
Thomas Wells. Siic was h. Sept. 8, 1664. She m. (2) Capt. 
Joseph l''iel(l of Xfd. She d. Mar. 7, 1751. They were residents 
of Hat. 



Ch.: Elizabeth, b. Feb. 2, 1683; m. 

Richard Scott of Sund. 
INIarv, b. May 20, 1685; m. Feb. 12, 

1702, John Waite of Hat. 
Sarah, b. Oct. 25, 1687. 
Stephen, b. Feb. 22, 1689. 
Samuel, b. Oct. 23, 1692; m. May 8, 

1717, Elizabeth Dickinson. 

Jonathan, b. 1694; m. Hepzibah Dick- 
inson; rem. to Nfd. 

Joshua, b. 1696. 

Esther, b. 1697; m. Nathaniel Gunn 
of Sund. 

Lydia, d. July 24, 1714, unm. 

4. John, s. of Samuel (2), was b. at Hat., Nov. 13, 1669; was 
k. at the raising of a barn Oct. 18, 1725 ; ni. Sarali, dau. of Sergt. 
Benjamin Waite. She was b. at Hat. in 1675. She m. (2) Ichabod 
Allis of Hat., Nov. 25, 1726. Residents of Hat. 

Ch. : John, b. Sept. 22, 1694. 

Joseph, b. Aug. 9, 169(5. 

Martha, b. Aug. 6, 1698; m. Orlando 

Sarah, b. Feb. 10. 1701 ; m. Thomas 
Bardwell of Dfd. 

Hannah, b. May 14, 1703; m. Na- 
thaniel Hawkes of Dfd. 

Mary, b. July 27, 1705; m. Obadiah 
Dickinson of Hat. 

Ebenezer, b. June 7, 1712; d. soon. 

Ebenezer, b. July 29, 1714; m. Han- 
nah Nash ; res. in Ashfield. 

Rhoda, b. July 20, 1716; m. Aaron 
Sheldon of Dfd. 

5. JosHu.\, s. of Stephen (3), was b. at Hat. in 1696; d. in 
1738; m. (1) Dec. 1, 1725, Sarah, dau. of John and Sarah (Cole- 
man) Field of Hat. She m. (2) Thomas Noble of Wfd. and d. 
Aug. 17. 1763. He lived on Middle Lane in Hat., where afterwards 
his s. Jabez lived. 

Ch.: Stephen, b. Sept. 26, 1726. 
Lucy, b. Mar. 7, 1729. 
Sarah, b. 1731 ; d. unm. 

Joshua, b. Oct. 29, 1733. 
Elisha. b. Mar. 28. 1736. 
Jabez, b. Apr. 10, 1738. 

6. Joshua, s. of Joshua (5), was b. at Hat., Oct. 29, 1733; d. 
Sept. 20, 1805 ; m. Anna, dau. of Joseph Fitch of East Windsor, 
Conn. She was b. in 1738 and d. Nov. 8, 1819. She was a sister 
of John Fitch, who invented a steamboat before Robert Fulton. 
Residents of Hat. 

Ch.: Stephen, b. Apr. 19, 1758; d. 

Anna, b. Feb. 15, 1760; d. soon. 
Anna, b. July 22, 1761 ; ni. Elihu 

Smith ; rem. to Sund. 
Lucy, b. Feb. 17, 1763; m. Mar. 22, 

1802, John Bell. 
Irene, b. Oct. 18, 1764; d. soon. 
Joshua, b. June 17, 1766. 

Irene, b. Oct. 18, 1768; m. Feb. 12, 

1782, John Hibbard of No. Had. 
Stephen, b. Mar. 6, 1771. 
Augustus, b. Feb. 28, 1773. 
Francis, b. Sept. 15, 1775. 
Reuben, b. Jan. 3, 1778. 
Seth, b. Feb. 12, 1780. 
Aaron, b. Jan. 22, 1782. 

7. Reuben, s. of Joshua (6), was b. in What.. Jan. 3, 1778; d. 
June 27, 1854; m. (1) Sept. 26, 1802, Sally, dau. of Joseph and 
Mary (Nims) Lock of Shutesbury. She d. Oct. 12, 1806. He m. 
(2) Apr. 2, 1807, Hannih, dau. of George and Lydia Hibbard. 
She was b. Mar. 29, 1790, and d. Apr. 1, 1845. He m. (3) Jan., 
1846, Anna, dau. of Reuben and Chloe Burnham. She was b. at 
Hart., Sept. 20, 1778, and d. Sept. 18, 1847. He m. (4) July 25, 
1848, Laura Allis Woodruff, who survived him. (See page 372.) 

Ch. (all by Hannah Hibbard): Son, Julia, b. Sept. 9, 1809; m. Mar. 25, 
b. Feb. 6, 1808; d. soon. 1828. Zebina Smith. 


Sally Locke, b. Oct. 13, 1812 ; m. Nov. 1840, Austin S. Jones. 

25, 1831, Alvin S. Hall of Hat. Reuben, b. Jan. 25, 1820. 

Lucy, b. Mar. 3, 1814; m. June 2, Diana, b. Feb. 19, 1822; m. May 36, 

1831, Solomon Mosher. 1846, Joseph Knight. 

Hannah, b. May 26, 1816; m. Mar. 22, Elihu, b. Feb. 4, 1824; m. Nov. 20, 

1838, Calvin B. Marsh. 1845, Roxana Leonard. 
Electa, b. Apr. 3, 1818; m. May 6, 

8. Dea. Reuben H., s. of Reuben (7), was b. at What., Jan. 25, 
1820; d. Jan. 27, 1897 ; m. Sarah A., dau. of Jonathan C. Loomis of 
What., Oct. 5, 1842. She was b. Oct. 12, 1817, and d. Dec. 6, 1901. 
They rem. to Hat. 

Ch.: Hannah Almira, b. Oct. 8, 1843; George C, b. Sept. 5, 1850. 

m. Oct. 19, 1875, Daniel W. Wells. William H., b. Dec. 28, 1852. 

Reuben, b. July 8, 1845. Herbert H., b. June 2, 1855. 

Sarah Elizabeth, b. Sept. 11, 1847; d. Clarence E., b. Jan. 29, 1859. 

Nov. 16, 1865. 

9. Reuben, s. of Dea. Reuben H. (8), was b. July 8, 1845; m. 
Nov. 17, 1870, Nellie Maria, dau. of Leonard and Maria B. Steams 
of Con. She was b. May 25, 1846. They are residents of Hat. 

Ch.: Son, b. July 11, 1878; d. same day. 

10. George Colton, s. of Dea. Reuben H. (8), was b. Sept. 5, 
1850; m. Nov. 18, 1874, Amanda, dau. of Albert and Alma Clapp 
of So. Dfd. She was b. Sept. 12, 1847. They are residents of 
So. Dfd. He d. Apr. 20, 1910. 

Ch.: Sarah Elizabeth, b. Oct. 19, 1875, Albert Colton, b. May 11, 1885, at 
at What. So. Dfd. ; d. Mar. 16, 1910. 

11. William Howard, s. of Dea. Reuben H. (8), was b. Dec. 

28, 1852: m. Feb. 21, 1878, Emma Estella, dau. of James and 
Adeline Eaton of Nashua, N. H. She was b. Oct. 22, 1856. They 
reside in the old homestead in Bradstreet. 

Ch.: Howard Eaton, b. Dec. 7, 1878; Minnie Reba Graves of Hat. dau. 

m. Oct. 21, 1908, Anna Edith Bel- of A. H. Graves. 

den. She was b. July 29, 1882. William Lucius, b. Dec. 15, 1884. 

Robert Loomis, b. Oct. 2, 1882; m. Harrison Reuben, b. Nov. 12, 1890. 

12. Herbkrt Hibhard, s. of Dea. Reuben H. (8), was b. June 
2, 1855; d. Aug. 2, 1909: m. (1) Sept. 30, 1886, Laura Emma, dau. 
of Harrison and Laura Eaton of Amherst, N. H. She was b. Oct. 
25, 1857; d. Dec. 11, 1896. He m. (2) Oct. 19, 1899, at Amherst, 
N. H., Laura Susan Dodge. She was b. at No. Leverett, Oct. 29, 
1871. They were residents of Amherst, N. H. 

Ch. (all by Laura Susan Dodge) : Theodore Wallace, b. Apr. 28, 1905. 

Herbert Eaton, b. Oct. 9, 1900. Laura Emma, b. Nov. 14, 1906. 

ClifTord Dodge, b. Mar. 2. 1903. Alfred, b. Dec. 19, 1907; d. Dec. 25, 

Clarence Eugene, b. May 9, 1904. 1907. 

13. Clarkxce Eugene, s. of Dea. Reuben H. (8), was b. Jan. 

29, 1859: m. Oct. 19, 1892. Nellie Maud, dau. of Horace H. and 
Abhy B. Snow of Providence, R. L She was b. May 13, 1866. 

Ch.: Edgar Matthewson, b. Nov. 2, Abhy Snow, b. Aug. 2, 1896. 
1894; (i. young. 


14. Joseph, s. of John (4), was b. at Hat., Aug. 9, 1696; d. 
in Oct., 1778, a. 83; m. (1) Oct. 23, 1717, Hester, dau. of Robert 
Bardwell. She was b. at Hat., Aug. 8, 1693 ; d. Nov. 17, 1724. He 
m. (2) July 13, 1727, Margarette, dau. of Samuel Gillett of Hat. 
She was b. May 1, 1699; d. in Mar. 1785, a. 88. Residents of What. 

Ch.: Paul, b. 1719; d. soon. abt. 1750. Joseph Scott; m. (2) 

Esther, b. Sept. 20, 1720; m. Dec. 13, Dec. 17, 1788, Eleazer Frary. 

1739, David Scott; d. 1761. Abigail, b. Feb. 13, 1734; m. Bcnja- 

Abigail, b. Sept. 22, 1721 ; d. soon. min Scott, Jr. ; d. June 2, 1806. 

Sarah, b. Feb. 1, 1723. Joseph, b. Oct. 31, 1735. 

Paul, b. Nov. 17, 1724 ; d. soon. Paul, b. Dec. 13, 1737 ; m. Elizabeth 

Margaret, b. May 11, 1732; m. (1) Bardwell, who was b. Feb., 1735. 

15. Joseph, s. of Joseph (14), was b. at What., Oct. 31, 1735; 
m. Lydia Silvery. Residents at Bartlett's Corner, What. 

Ch.: Esther, bap. Dec. 27, 1772; m. Jeremiah, bap. July 8, 1787. 

Samuel Coleman. Martha, bap. Mar. 13, 1791 ; m. Asa 

Samuel, bap. Feb. 5, 1775. Johnson. 

Miriam, bap. Mar. 8, 1778. Sarah, bap. June 23, 1793 ; m. Chaun- 

Lydia, bap. Nov. 11, 1781; m. Otis cey Kennedy. 

Brown. Abigail, bap. Oct. 2, 1796; d. soon. 
Joseph, bap. Sept. 12, 1784. 

16. Samuel, s. of Joseph (15), was b. Feb. 5, 1775, at What.; 
m. Sept. 30, 1801, Pauline, dau. of Gad and Irene Smith. She was 
b. Sept. 20, 1786, at What. They rem. late in life to Hat. 

Ch.: Harriet, b. 1802; m. William Alonzo, b. Apr. 26, 1810; m. Cynthia 

Bartlett. Potter. 

Horace, b. 1804 ; m. Fish. Abigail, d. young. 

Dexter, b. 1806; m. Fanny M. Wil- Samuel C, b. Nov. 29, 1815; m. Mary 

son. Felton. 

San ford S., b. Apr. 30, 1808. Sophia, m. Cooper. 

17. Sanford S., s. of Samuel (16), was b. Apr. 30, 1808; m. 
Fanny Y., dau. of Jonathan Y. Moore. Res. at No. Hat. 

Ch.: Oscar, b. Mar. 3, 1837. She d. Jan. 27, 1864. 

Harriet Sophia, b. Feb. 16, 1839; m. Mary Pauline, b. Sept. 5, 1847; d. 
Oct. 23, 1861, Dr. Alfred Montville. young. 

18. Oscar, s. of Sanford (17), was b. Mar. 3, 1837; m. June 
12, 1866, Harriet M. Stearns of Con. She was b. Apr. 20, 1845; 
d. June 11, 1907. Res. at Bradstreet. 

Ch.: Edward H., b. May 18, 1867. Oscar E, b. Mar. 30, 1878. 

George Sanford, b. Apr. 8, 1872. 

19. Edward H., s. of Oscar (18), was b. May 18, 1867 ; m. June 
12, 1894, Eliza Abbott Fairchild of Lynn, who was b. Apr. 1, 1867. 

Ch.: Helen Fairchild, b. in Roxbury, Edward Stearns, b. in Roxbury, Sept. 
July 23, 1895. 19, 1903. 

20. George Sanford, s. of Oscar (18), was b. Apr. 8, 1872; 
m. (1) Sept. 20, 1892, NeUie A., dau. of Jacob Carl. She d. Mar. 
27, 1899, and an infant s. d. the same day. He m. (2) Nov. 7, 
1900, Emma M. Adams of Halifax, Vt. 


Cli.: Lina Katlilt-iie (adciptcd), h. 

Jimt 28. 1901. 
Willard Hcldcii (adopttti), b. July 

10, 19(M. 
Ch. (by Emma Atlam?) : Luther 
Adams, b, at Hat-, Apr. 20. 1908. 

21. Oscar Kmery, s. of Oscar (18). was b. Mar. 30. 1878: m. 
Oct. 2,^, I'XX), Eiiiina Anna Luce of Williamsburg, wbo was b. 
June 11, 1876. 

.irns Newton, b. Jan. 31, 1910. 


22 Va.\at.\ liKi.DiiN. (lau. of Reuben (7|. was b. Apr. 3. 1818; 
(1, Mav .11. Wl : 111. Mav 6. 1840. Austin S, Jones of Had., wbo was 
b. July 2X 1SI3. ami .1. July 22. 1894. 

1S4R; m, (1) Mar. 14. 1871. Pr 
A1.U170 Lfwis. who <l. Jan, 25. 1874: 
m, (21 Jtint S. 1895, lidwin E.!C. 

.\lbiTi I'liics. b. Dec. 27. 1850; d, .\pr. 
2, 187.T 

l-'raiik P. Joiie*. h. Feb, 14. 1S5.1: m. 
Mar. 25. 18S0, K.iiinv H- Wbitc if 
Wlial. 'I'bcv one child; Daugh- 
t.r. b. .Xpr. 9. 1838; d. Apr. 11. 

IJiim:. L. Jones, h. Sept, 2«. 1854; m, 
Julv 12. 1900. Rudolph Weber of 

m. J;iii. 7. ]XiA. 1 U-i 

rv (;. MorifL- 

d. July S, ISSII, 

,,-ir),'. .\u-tn, Jori.s 

Irt46: d. Julv 28. I'AU 

m 111 M.-ir\ 

Smith of lla.l. wh 

. .1, June 5 

1SS1; m, ( ') tVt, 2 

. 188.'. Carrk 

Oidcv <if Nhn. Thi'v 

laii three eh. 

.\V//iV ,V,. h Sc|ii. ". 

WD. III. nil- 



1. RICHARD BILLINGS moved to Hart, in 1640, and rem. 

to Hat. in 1660. He m. Margery , who d. Dec. 5, 1679. He 

d. at Hat., Nov. 13, 1673. 

Ch.: Samuel. 

2. Samuel, s. of Richard (1), d. at Hat., Feb. 1, 1678; m. abt. 
1661, Sarah, dau. of Richard Fellows. She m. (2) Oct. 9, 1678, 
Samuel Belden, Jr., and d. Feb. 5, 1713. 

Ch,: Samuel, b. Jan. 8, 1665. John, b. Oct. 11, 1674; k. by Indians, 

Ebenezer, b. Oct. 29, 1669. July 15, 1698. 

Sarah, d. July 15, 1674. Sarah, b Oct. 18, 1676; m. Samuel 

Ridiard, b. Apr. 7, 1672. Dickinson. 

3. Samuel, s. of Samuel (2). was b. Tan. 8, 1665, at Hat.; m. 
(1) Nov. 18, 1686, Hannah Wright, who d. Nov. 18, 1687; m. (2) 
1691, wid. Rebecca Miller. 

CA.; Samuel, res. Sund. and Hard- Zechariah, b. Nov. 29, 1702; m. 1728, 

wide Ruth, dau. of John Meekins. She 

Sarah, b. Mar. 15, 1697; m. Jan. 16, was b. June 6, 1700. 

1724, Dca. Samuel Smith of Sund. Benjamin, b. Jan. 18, 1705 ; m. Nov. 

Joseph, b. Nov. 15, 1700; m. Jan. 7, 13, 1729, Mary, dau. of Joshua 

1726, Elizabeth, wid. of Joseph Hastings of Belchertown ; d. 1782, 

Ktllogg; d. abt. 1783. a. 78. 

3^, Richard, s. of Samuel (2), was b. Apr. 7, 1672; d. abt. 
1753. He m. ( 1) Mar. 18, 1703, Hannah, dau. of Samuel and Mary 
(Allison) Marsh of Hat. She was b. Sept. 18, 1681. He m. (2) 
Sarah . 

Ch,: Sarah, b. Jan. 9, 1704; m. Apr. a. 2. 

8, 1730, Samuel Gillctt. Thankful, b. May 9, 1721 ; m. Elijah 

Hannah, b. July 14, 1706; m. Nathan Chapin. 

Wait. Ruth. b. in 1717; m. Moses Morton; 

Richard, b. Sept. 14. 1709 ; d. unm. in d. Mar. 27, 1802. 

Amh.. Mav 26, 1780. John. b. July 8. 1725; m. (1) Jerusha 

Damaris, b. Nov. 26, 1712; m. Samuel Waite; m. (2) Sarah Matthews; d. 

Church. Aug. 31, 1813. 
Martha, b abt. 1718; d. Aug., 1720, 

4. Zfxhariah, s. of Samuel (3), was b. Nov. 29, 1702; d. Nov. 
11, 1772; m. 1728, Ruth, dau. of John Meekins. She was b. June 6, 
1700; d. Dec. 17, 1781. 

Ch.: David, b Feb 15, 1730; m. 1780. 

Mabel Little ; no ch. Silas, b. Nov. 13, 1741 ; d. June 6, 

Svbil, b. Feb. 10. 1732. 1808. 
Lydia, b. Jan. 10, 1736; d. Oct. 8, 

5. Silas, s. of Zechariah (4), was b. Nov. 13, 1741 ; d. June 6, 
1808; m. Nov. 25, 1773, Miriam Dickinson, who was b. 1746 and d. 
Feb. 11, 1837, a. 90. 

Ch.: Joseph, b. :Mar. 5, 1776. Ruth, b. Jan. 2, 1785; d. Nov. 3, 

Krastus. b. Tune 30. 1778. 1786. 


6. Dea. Joseph, s. of Silas (5), was b. Mar. 5, 1776; d. May, 
1850; m. Dec. 15, 1808, Mary, dau. of Elijah Smith of Hat. She 
d. Nov. 17, 1851. No ch. 

7. CoL. Erastus, s. of Silas (5), was b. June 30, 1778; d. Oct. 
27, 1838; m. July 9, 1797, Abigail, dau. of John Allis of Hat She 
wash. 1779; d. Oct. 17, 1829. 

Ch.: Fanny A., b. Dec. 3, 1798; d. John AlHs, b. Feb. 23, 1806. 

June 17, 1829. Erastus, b. May 11, 1809. 

Silas, b. Oct. 29, 1800. 

8. RoswELL, s. of Silas (5), was b. Dec. 30, 1780; d. Sept 1, 
1850; m. Feb. 13, 1806, Hannah, dau. of Joseph Dickinson of Hat 
She was b. May 19, 1786; d. Mar. 26, 1866. 

Ch.: Charles Morris, b. Jan. 23, 1807. Mary Ann, b. June 8^ 1811; d. Jaa 
David, b. Oct. 1, 1808. 13, 1879. 

Joseph Dickinson, b. May 23» 1813. 

9. Silas, s. of Col. Erastus (7), was b. Oct. 29, 1800; d- Jan* H 
1850; m. Dec. 9, 1824, Mary S., dau. of Levi Graves, Sr. She was 
b. Mar. 5, 1803, and d. Jan. 4, 1881. 

Ch.: Samuel Fellows, b. Oct. 25, Mary C, b. Sept. 25, 1834: d. Nov. 

1826; d. Apr. 23, 1828. 17, 1901. 

Samuel Fellows, b. Jan. 18, 1828. Jane M., b. Aug. 14, 1835; m. Anm- 

Abby Allis, b. Nov. 30, 1832; m. Feb. tus D. Cowles; d. June 2|, 1884. 

10. 1858, Lyman Klapp of Provi- He d. Mar. 31, 1868. 
dencc, R. I. Cornelia A., b. Oct. 22, 1838. 

10. John Allis, s. of Col. Erastus (7), was b. Feb. 23, 1806; 
d. May 22, 1886; m. Oct. 21, 1828, Clarissa Dickinson of Phelps, 
N. Y. She was b. Apr. 1, 1805, and d. Feb. 28, 1872. 

Ch.: Frances A., b. July 12, 1830; d. William D., b. Aug. 5, 183Z 
unm. Dec. 12, 1882. 

11. Erastus, s. of Col. Erastus (7), was b. May 11, 1809; d. 
Feb. 23, 1897: m. Alav 28, 1834, Artemisia Ford of Dfd. She was 
b. Nov. 19, 1811 ; d. Mar. 4, 1887. 

Ch.: Henrv Pease, b. June 9, 1835; Erastus Ford. b. Nov. 6, 1838; d. 

d. Oct. 2. 1891. He was a lieuten- unm. Sept. 20, 1904. 

ant in Co. K, 52d Regt., M.V.M., Albert Allis, b. Sept. 1, 1842; d. 

in the Civil war, and register of young. 

deeds of llanipsliirc County. George Allis, b. May 26, 1846. 

12. C\\ \RLi:s AToRRis, s. of Roswell (8), was b. Jan. 23, 1807; 
d. Sept. 17. IShS; m. Mav 23, 1831, Charlotte; dau. of Ebenezer 
White of Hat. She was h. Oct. 1, 1808; d. Nov. 5, 1884. 

Ch.: Frederick Dickinson, b. Julv 25, unm. Sept. 4, 1901, at Nashua, 

1832. " Iowa. 

Arthur White, h. Tulv 25. 1834; d. Joseph, b. Aug. 12, 1842. 

July 19. 100(3, at St. Louis. Mo. David, b. July 6, 1849; d. Jan. 16, 

Martha Dickinson, b. Julv 7, 1836; m. 1851. 

Jan. 25. 1866, Lucius Richards. Harriet Charlotte, b. Feb. 5, 1853. 
Charles Morris, h. July 20. 1839; d. 


13. David, s. of Roswell (8), was b. Oct. 1, 1808; 6. Apr. 11, 
1887; m. Apr. 12, 1851, Mary, dau. of Elisha Wells of Leyden. She 
was b. Aug. 29. 1825; d. Apr. 4, 1904. 
C/i-- Hannah D., b. Mar. 4, 181 

Oct. 30. 1860. a. 8 years i 


14. Joseph Dickinson, s. of Koswcll (81, was b. Mav 23. 1813: 
d. June 18, 1882: 111. Mar. 30, 1841, Nancv, dau. of Elijah Dickinson 
of Hat. She was b. Mar. 9, 1816; d. Jan. 8. 1900. 

Ck. : Mary Ann, b. Nov. 14. 1843 ; ni. 12. 1885. 

May 28, 1879. Edw.ird B. Ditkin- Ncllii- D.. b. .Apr. 12, 1859; d. Feb. 
son. He d, June 4. 1909. Tbey 4, 1864, 

had an infant dan., ivbo d. June 

15. Sami-ki. ]'Kt.i.-iws. s. of Silas (91. was b. Jan. 18. 1828; 
d. Mav 5. 1896; ni. Jan. 1, 1857. EHzabcth Hastings, dau. of Dexter 
Allis of Hat. She was 1). \ov. 22, 1831. 

Ch. : Edward Holmes, b. Apr. 29, 

Silas H., b. Oct. 22. 1859 : d. M:ir. 28. 

Louis Allis. b. Nov. 28, 1861, 
Elizabeth Hastings, b. Oct. 11. 1864; 

tn. Oct, 24, 1900, Chas. J. Abliott. 

16. Frederr-k Dickinson, s, of Charles Morris (12). was b, 
Tu!y 25. 1832; d. Ai>r. 14. 1885; m, Oct, 25. 1860. Fanny Hunt of 

He <1, Jniio 14, 1906, They had one 

child. Howard H. .Ibhatl, who was 

b, Nov, 17, 1902, 
Samuel Fellows, b, Aiif?, 21. 1866. 
Allis S,. b, July 29, 1869; d, Oct, 24, 



Elizabeth. N. J. She d. in San Diego, California, Oct. 23, 1907. 
She was b. Apr. 25, 1836. 

Chas. Frederick, b. Aug. 2. 1870; 

Fanny Rose, b- Mar. 25, 1873; 

^ra^ion W., b. Oct. 12, 1874 

Florence F., b. June U, 1879. 

Ch.: Anna Hunt, b. Sept. 16. IS. 
Emily G., b. Mar. 17. 1864; 

California. Feb. 7. 1894; unm 
Frederick M.. b. Mar. IS. 18( 

Sept. 3. 1866. 
Charlotte, b- Sept. 19. 1867, 
Charles M, b. May 4, 1869; d 

14. 1869. 

17 Joseph, s. of Charles Morris (12), was b. Aug. 12, 1842; 
m. Oct. 18. 1871. Gertnidc A., dau. of Hubbard S. AlHs of WTiat.. 
who was b. Dec. 16, 1844. He was a member of Co. F, 25th 
Infantry, 2d H. Art. 

,- Edith E.. b. Mar. 20. 1873. 

18. KoswK 
22, 1879, Carri 
was b. Oct. 26. 

of David (13|. was b. Oct. 20. 1853; m. Oct. 
laii. of Dca. Jonalhaii S. Graves of Hat. She 

19. lUvm. s, i.f Davi.l (131. v 
1883. iMnrna K.. dau. of Dca. J.ii. 
I-cb. 3. 18.=i8; d. Nov. 17. VXf). 

^ b. Vch. 25, 1857; m. Nov. ?. 
; I'ortcr of Hat. She waj; b. 

L- D., b, Aug. 8. 1893. 


20. William Dickinson, s. of John Allis (10), was b. Aug. 5, 
1832: d. Jan. 25, 1906; m. Oct. 14, 1863, Mary Louisa, dau. of James 
W. Warner. She was b. Nov. 26, 1838. 

Ch.: Louisa Dickinson, b. Mar. 4, Clara D., b. Sept. 10, 1873; m. Sept. 
1868; d. Jan. 14, 1874. 10, 1894, Fred U. Wells of What. 

21. George Allis, s. of Erastus (11), was b. May 26, 1846; m. 
Dec. 6, 1871, Abby F., dau. of Dea. Jonathan S. Graves of Hat. 
She was b. May 6, 1850. 

Ch.: Mabel Louisa, b. Aug. 7, 1873; Laura Ford, b. July 17, 1882. 

m. Oct. 24, 1901, Harry L. Howard George Raymond, b. Dec. 30, 1883. 

of Hat. Minnie Alfis, b. Apr. 13, 1888; m. Oct. 
Albert G., b. Aug. 4, 1878. 28, 1908, Harry W. Marsh. 

22. Samuel P., s. of Samuel Fellows (15), was b. Aug. 21, 
1866; m. Oct. 29, 1902, Sarah G., dau. of William B. Langdon. 
She was b. June 22, 1866. 

Ch.: Gordon L., b. May 25, 1904. 

23. Ebenezer. s. of Samuel (2), was b. Oct. 29, 1669; d. Nov. 
14, 1745 ; m. abt. 1690, Hannah Church. She d. Oct. 14, 1756. The 
ch. were all b. in Hat. He was one of the forty who first sett, in 
Sund. He lived on lot No. 20 on the west side at the time of his 

Ch.: Samuel, b. June 7, 1693. was graduated from Harvard Col- 
Ebenezer, b. Nov. 10, 1695. lege in 1731 ; ni. Lucy Parsons of 
John, b. Nov. 26, 1698. Leicester ; was minister at Belcher- 
Mary, b. May 24, 1701 ; m. Mar. 30, town and Gfd., where he d. in 1757. 

1731, Jonathan Field. His wife d. at Con., Aug. 1, 1803. 

Fellows, b. Feb. 15, 1704. Jonathan, b. June 10, 1710. 

Edward (Rev.), b. Aug. 10, 1707; 

24. Fellows, s. of Ebenezer (23), was b. Feb. 15, 1704, at 
Hat.; d. June 29, 1784. He lived in Sund. on his father's original 
homestead, No. 11, east side, and kept tavern there 37 years. He m. 
Nov. 27, 1735, Mary, dau. of Joseph and Mercy Eastman of Had. 
She was b. Oct. 11, 1712; d. Dec. 18, 1799. Rem. to Con. and 
purchased what is now the farm of Charles Parsons. 

Ch.: Aaron, b. Aug. 15, 1736; m. 1763, Joseph Ashley, Jr. 

Caroline Adams; d. Nov. 28, 1827. William, b. July 20. 1744. 

Mary. b. Sept. 15, 1738; d. Jan. 12, Jonathan, b. Sept. 20, 1746. 

1784. Rlisha, b. Oct. 1. 1749. 

William, b. Mar. 18, 1740; d. Aug. Jonathan, b. Nov. 20, 1751. 

10, 1743. Hannah, b. Feb. 24, 1754; m. Apr. 26, 
Ruth, b. Feb. 10, 1742; m. Oct. 20, 1829, Elisha Dickinson of Had. 

25. WiLLLVM, s. of Fellows (24), was b. July 20, 1744; d. Nov. 
8, 1812. He was graduated from Yale College, 1765 ; admitted to 
the bar; and representative, 1769-70-72. He m. Jerusha, dau. of 
Col. Israel Williams of Hat. She d. Apr. 30, 1821. He rem. from 
Sund. to Con. at the time his father did. Two eldest ch. b. in Sund. 

Ch.: Mary, bap. Nov. 1, 1772; d. Oct. Caroline, bap. Oct. 30, 1774; d. Oct. 
13, 1776. 20, 1776. 


William, bap. Feb. 9, 1777. Israel Williams, bap. Jan. 12, 1784; 

Molly Williams, bap. Feb. 21, 1779 ; a lawyer in Hat 

m. Feb. 4, 1798, Jonathan Stoddard Jerusha, bap. Jan. 4, 1786 ; d. July 4, 

of Nhn. 1813. 
Charles Eugene, bap. Dec. 2, 1781. 

26. Hon. Israel Williams, s. of William (25), was bap. Jan. 
12, 1784 ; rem. from Con. to Hat., where he d. June 4, 1856. He m. 
Jan. 4, 1816, Hepzibah, dau. of Samuel and Mabel (Dickinson) 
Partridge. She was b. Dec. 11, 1796; d. Aug. 21, 1865. He was a 
lawyer and of wide influence in Hat. 

C/i..- Israel Williams, b. June 7, 1817; Charles W., b. Dec. 18, 1821; m. 

m. Dec. 30, 1840, Ruth Hubbard of Sept., 1843, Mary S. Hubbard ; d 

Hat. Apr. 2, 1854. 

Samuel Partridge, b. Mar. 1, 1819; George D., b. May 2, 1824; m. May 

m. Oct., 1842, Ruby Harding of 2, 1860, Elizabeth Cowles. 

What. He was much in politics Edward Coke, d. Dec. 1, 1893. He 

and was called the "Sage of Hamp- was judge of the U. S. District 

shire" ; d. Oct. 21, 1902. Court of Louisiana. 


1. AARON BROWN was b. in Heath, Sept. 11, 1776, and rem. 
to Hat. He m. Feb. 20, 1812, Rebecca, dau. of Daniel Dickinson. 
She was b. Nov. 29, 1777, and d. Sept. 15, 1866. He d. Aug. 28, 

C/i..- John D.. b. Jan. 24. 1816. 30, 1850. She d. June 29, 190L 

Louisa D., b. Apr. 12, 1818; m. Hollis Ch. : Hattie Chenery, b. 1846; A 

Ghcnery of Montague, who d. Mar. May 24, 1866. 

2. John D., s. of Aaron (1), was b. Jan. 24, 1816; d. Apr. 22, 
1888; m. Dec. 14, 1842, Augusta Salome, dau. of Josiah Allis. 

Ch.: Alice L., b. Apr. 29, 1848; m. 1874. Samuel D. Porter. 

Nov. 4. 1868. Ilcnrv F. Rardwcll; Harriet A., b. Nov. 2, 1857; m. Nov. 

d. Oct. 29, 1907. 19. 1891, George B. Barnes. 
Jane F.. 1>. Sc\n. 23. 1851 ; m. Sept. 23, 


1. JOUX COWLKS (COWLS and COLE) was in Farming- 
ton in U>32 ; roni. al)t. 16^)0 to Hat.: freeman, 1666; d. Sept., 1675; 
m. llaiiiiali . who made her will at Hart., 1680. 

Ch.: Jolm, h. al)t. 1641. l^lizahcth. m. Richard Lyman. 

Plannah, h. abt. 1644; m. Caleb Stan- Samuel, m. in 1661, Abigail, dau. of 

ley: d. in 16S9. Timothy Stanley; res. in Farming- 
Sarah. 1». aht. 1647; m. Nathaniel ton : d. Apr. 17, 1691. 

riondwin: d. in 1676. a. 29. l^sther, prob. m. Thomas Bull of 

Mary. ni. W-heniiah Dickinson. Farmington. 

?. loTix. s. ()[ Tohn (1) of Hat., was b. abt. 1641; freeman, 
1600: d. May 12. 1711. a. 70; m. Nov. 22, 1668, Deborah, dau. of 
RolKTt r.artlett of Hart. She d. Dec. 11. 1711, a. 66. 


Ch.: Hannah, b. Nov. 14, 1670; d. John, b. June IS, 1676. 

unm. Dec. 16, 1711, a. 41. Mary, b. Nov. 3, 1683; d. unm. 1742. 

Jonathan, b. Jan. 26, 1671. Esther, b. Apr. 14, 1686; m. May 25, 

Samuel, b. May 27, 1673. 1713, Nathaniel Dickinson. 

3. Jonathan, s. of John (2) of Hat., was b. Jan. 26, 1671 ; d. 
Nov. 13, 1756; m. Jan. 21, 1697, Prudence Frary, who d. July 1, 
1756, a. 70. 

Ch.: Abijail, b. May 24, 1698. Had.; d. abt. 1761 in Belchcrtown. 

John, b. Dec. 27, 1700. Eleazer, b. Sept. 18, 1713; m. Dec. 6, 
Jonathan, b. June 30, 1703. 1739, Martha Graves; res. in Hat.; 

Timothy, b. Apr. 9, 1706. d. Sept. 25, 1797. 

Keziah, b. Sept. 6, 1708; m. Ebenezer Elisha, b. Apr. 19, 1716. 

Cowles. Eunice, b. Aug. 18, 1719. 

Nathaniel, b. Mar. 21, 1711; m. Anna, Abia, b. Oct. 27, 1722; d. May 10, 

dau. of Peter Montague of So. 1727. 

4. Samuel, s. of John (2) of Hat, was b. May 27, 1673; d. 
Aug. 16, 1750, from injuries received by a fall from a cart three 
days before ; m. 1698, Sarah Hubbard. 

Ch. : Mary, b. Mar. 16, 1698 ; m. Mar. Charles Hoar. 

23, 1720, John Amsden. Ebenezer, b. Dec. 18, 1710; m. Keziah 

Sarah, b. abt. Oct. 12, 1703 ; m. Tim- Cowles ; d. in Hat., Oct 20, 1800. 

othy Cowles. Son and daughter, twins, b. Jan. 21, 

Samuel, b. Mar. 12, 1706; m. Abigail 1713; s. d. in one week and dau. in 

; d. at Norfolk, Conn., 1762. one day. 

Elizabeth, b. June 28, 1708; m. 

5. Timothy, s. of Jonathan (3), was b. Apr. 9, 1706; d. Mar. 
27, 1786 ; m. Sarah, dau. of Samuel Cowles. She d. July 17, 1779. 

Ch.: Sarah, b. Sept 7. 1740; m. Peter Timothy, b. Dec. 25, 1741. 
Train ; d. May 4, 1792. 

6. Timothy, s. of Timothy (5), was b. Dec. 25, 1741; d. May 

4, 1792; m. (1) Rhoda , who d. Jan. 22, 1777, a. 31; m. (2) 

Elizabeth Graves, Sept. 11, 1777, who d. Oct. 5, 1816. 

Ch. (by Rhoda ) : Samuel, b. Lucius, b. Jan. 18, 1777. 

Aug. 21, 1766. Ch. (by Elizabeth Graves) : Betsy, b. 
Seth, b. May 16, 1768. July 28. 1779. 

Sarah, b. July 16, 1770; m. Apr. 29, Patty, b. Nov. S, 1780. 

1793, David Pond. Rufus, b. May 24, 1783. 

Augustus, b. July 13, 1772; m. Sub- Chester, b. 1786; d. Mar. 25, 1833. 

mit Wheat; rem. to Heath. 

7. Dea. Rufus, s. of Timothy (6), was b. May 24, 1783 ; d. Feb. 
6, 1840; m. Jan. 3, 1804, Lucy Osborn, who was b. Aug. 28, 1784, 
and d. Dec. 20, 1844. 

Ch.: Augustus, b. Oct. 3, 1804; d. Elizabeth, b. May 19, 1812; d. May 

Oct. 1, 1822. 29, 1831. 

Erastus, b. Dec. 22, 1805. Rufus, b. July 9, 1814 

Orsamus, b. Sept. 16, 1807 ; d. unm. Alpheus, b. \Iar. 13, 1820. 

Nov. 13, 1822. 

8. Dea. Erastus, s. of Dea. Rufus (7), was b. Dec. 22, 1805; 


d. Oct. 31, 1878; m. Mar. 17, 1831, Olive, dau. of Zebina Dickinson. 
She was b. at Hat. and d. July 17, 1889. 

Ch.: Henry Augustus, b. May 29, 2, 1900. 

1833; d. Aug. 31, 1833. George S., b. Dec 19, 1841; d. unm. 

Augustus, b. July 2, 1836; d. Mar. June 26, 1868. 

31, 1868; member of Co. K, 52d Edward C, b. Mar. 27, 1844. 

Regiment, M.V.M. ; m. Jane M. Charles L., b. June 21, 1846; d. unm, 

Billings. Sept. 28, 1889. 

Elizabeth, b. Jan. 9, 1839; m. May 2, Rufus H., b. Jan. 16, 1850. 

1860, George D. Billings; d. May 

9. RuFUS, s. of Dea. Rufus (7), was b. July 9, 1814; d. Sept. 4, 
1896 ; m. Dec. 4, 1839, Fanny P. Moody of Amh., who was b. July 
18, 1816, and d. Sept. 17, 1870. 

Ch.: Lucy Osborn, b. Mar. 15. 1846; d. June 20, 1893. 

10. Dea. Alpheus, s. of Dea. Rufus (7), wash. Mar. 13, 1820; 
m. Dec. 28, 1842, Sophia, dau. of Elisha Wells of Leyden. She was 
b. Aug. 8, 1823. 

Ch.: Henry H., b. Oct. 20, 1843; d. F. Sampson of No. Adams. He 

Nov. 9, 1847. was b. June 25, 1846, and sened in 

Isadore H. Kenny (Cowles). brought the 4th Mass. Cavalry and 19th 

up by Dea. Alpheus, was b. Dec. 12, U. S. Infantry. 
1847, and m. Oct. 22, 1878, Merritt 

11. Edward C, s. of Erastus (8), was b. Mar. 27, 1844; d. 
Aug. 17, 1909; m. July 14, 1868, Sarah Russell of Boston. 

Ch.: Mabel Nickerson, b. Sept. 26, m. Oct. 12, 1904, Herbert O. White. 

1869 ; d. Tune 26, 1886. Edward Russell, b. Dec. 15, 1884. 

Mary Dickinson, b. Aug. 23, 1871 ; 


1. JOHN DAY CURTIS was of Williamsburg and it is sup- 
posed his ancestors were from Scituate. He d. July 22, 1835. He 

m. (1 ) Rachel , who d. Mar. 29, 1814; m. (2) Achsah , 

who survived him. 

Ch.: Lcbbcus, b. July 29, 1784. Dickinson. 

Kdwarrl, b. Julv 3. 1786. Armena, b. Apr. 11, 1799; d. Sept 9, 

Elbartiis, b. Aug. 24, 1788; m. Clar- 1808. 

issa G. . Salome, b. Aug. 11, 1801; m. Jdin 

Doras b. Jan. 4. 1791. ^ • Wbitc. 

Harriet, b. Apr. 7, 1793; m. Eri Dolly, b. Aug. 15, 1803; m. Enistus 

Philips. Taylor; d. before June, 1835. 

Walter, b. May 22. ]79S. Jnvcnelia, b. Mar. 7. 1808; m. Moses 

Rachel, b. June 6, 1797; ni. Freeman Hannum. 

2. KnwARi), s. of John D. H ), was b. July 3, 1786: m. Irene 
Graves of \\'illiamsl)tirj[::. who was h. June 12, 1788, and d. Mar. 18, 
1860. Kcni. from W'illiamsbiiri^ to TTat. 

Ch.: Stei)lien G., b. Fe1). 22, lcS()9. ICdward. b. Apr. 4, 1815. 

William. 1). \(.v. \^, mo. Rachel W., b. Oct. 22, 1817. 

Lucius, b. \ov. 12. 1812; d. Mav 17, Lucius G., b. Aug. 16, 1819. 



3 Stephen G.. s. of Edward (2). was b. Feb. 22. 1809; d. Jan. 
7. 1888; m. Mary Reed of What., who was b. Dec. 2. 1817, and d. 
Sept. 28, 1893. 

Ch.. Martha M., b. Sept, 6, 18S9; d. Mav I., b. Sept. 12, I860; d. Oct. 1, 
Oct, 2, 1859. 1861. 

4 William, s. of Edward (2), was b. Nov. 13. 1810; d. Dec. 
20. 1857; m. Lucy Hubbard, who d. Mar. 25, 1838. a. 24. 

Ch,: Mary A., d. Mar. 26. 1838, a. 2. Edward W.. b. Dec. 30, 1837. 

5, Edward, s. of Edward (2), was b. .■\pr. 4, 1815; d. Oct. 4, 
1886; m. Aug. 12, 1839, Eleanor Rultard of Williamsburg, who was 
b. Sept. 20, 1823, and d. Mar, 24, 1879. 

Ch..- diaries O.. b. Sept. 20, 1840, at 
Oxford. Ohio; d. Nov, 29, 1904, at 
Carthage, Ohio. 

James B.. b. June 5, 1842. at Carthage, 

Lucius, b. Aug. 26, 1844, : 

Alonzo, b. Nov. 26, 184S, 
Ohio; d. Aug. 10, 1907. 
thage. Ohio. 

Mary M.. b. Apr. 12, 1847, 

Car lb age, 

thage. Ohio; d, Sept. 20. 1849, at 

Carthage. Ohio, 
Irene, b, Oct. 27. 1843. at Carthage, 

Ohio : d. Sept. 3, 1849, at Carthage, 

Irene, b. May 25, 1852. at Carthage. 

Ohio; d. Apr. 16, 1854, at Car- 
thage, Ohio. 
Mary, b, Feb. 17. 1854. at Carihage, 

Ohio ; d, July .30, I8S6, at Carthage, 


6. LuciL-s {}.. s. of Edward {2 1, was b. Aug. 16, 1819; d. Apr. 
15, 1878; m. Mar. 24, 1846, Maria, dau. of 'i'homas Frary of Hat. 
Slie was b, Oct. 12. 1825. and d. Aug. 4. 1888. 



Ch.: Son, b. Apr. 24, 1846; d. Apr. 

27 1846 
Arthur R, b. July 4, 1847 ; d. Mar. 9, 

1891; m. Sept. 18. 1872, Alice F. 

Miller; no ch. 
Ashley Graves, b. Aug. 7, 1849; d. 

Dec. 13, 1860. 

Samuel Frary, b. Dec. 16, 1851; ra. 

Apr., 1880, Delina Harrington. Ch.: 

Margaret M., b. Jan. 23, 1881. 
William T., b. Nov. 26, 1855 ; d. Dec 

Maria Irene, b. Sept. 23, 1857; m. 

Dec. 4, 1879, F. H. BardwclL 

7. Rachel W., dau. of Edward (2), was b. Oct. 22, 1817; d. 
Aug. 26, 1900; m. Aug. 31, 1837, Moses W. Kingsley of Hat. He 
was b. May 3, 1815, and d. Jan. 20, 1894. 

Ch.: Roswell H. Kingsley, b. Apr. 27, 

1840; d. Sept. 5, 1841. 
Elbridge Kingsley, b. Sept. 17, 1842, 

in Carthage, Ohio. 
Seth W. Kingsley, b. July 27, 1844, 

in Hat. ; m. Mary E. White of Hat. 

He was a member of Co. K, S2d 

Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. 
Stephen C. Kingsley, b. May S, 1847; 

m. (1) Harriet Childs of Dfd.; m. 

(2) Mrs. Mary G. Root of What 
Edwin P. Kingsley, b. Nov. 17, 1850; 

m. Clara . 

Lewis' H. Kingsley. b. Nov. 27, 1853. 
Louisa C. Kingsley, b. Sept. 9, 1855; 

d. Mar. 26, 1856. 
Henry H. Kingsley, b. May 8, 1859. 


1. NATHANIEL DICKINSON of Wethersfield, Conn., 1637, 
was town clerk in 1645 and representative from 1646-56; rem. to 
Had., 1659; freeman, 1661; deacon and first recorder; res. for a 
few years in Hat., but d. in Had., June 16, 1676. He m. Anne . 

Ch.: Samuel, b. July, 1638. 
Obadiah, b. Apr. lo, 1641. 
Nathaniel, b. Aug., 1643. 
Nehemiah, b. abt. 1644; m. Mary 

Cowles( ?) ; d. Sept. 9, 1723. 
Hezekiah, b. Feb., 1645; m. Dec. 4, 

1679, Abigail Blackman ; d. June 14, 

Azariah, b. Oct. 4, 1648; slain in 

swamp fight, Aug. 25, 1675; m. 

Dorcas, who m. (2) 1676, Jonathan 

Thomas, m. Mar. 7, 1667, Hannah 

Joseph, m. Phebe Bracy. 
John, m. Frances Foote ; d. 1676. 
Anna or Hannah, m. (1) Jan. or June 

16, 1670, John Clary; m. (2) Enos 

Kingsley of Nhn. 

2. Samuel, s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. in July, 1638; freeman, 
1690; d. Nov. 30, 1711, a. 73. He m. Jan. 4, 1668, Martha, dau. of 
James Bridgman of Spfd. and Nhn. She was b. Nov. 20, 1649, and 
d. July 16, 1711, a. 61. 

Ann, b. Dec. 17, 1683. 

Joseph, b. Aug. 3, 1686; d. in Sund., 

Sept. 2, 1755, leaving neither wife 

nor child. 
Hannah, b. Apr. 4, 1689; m. Thomas 

Hovey of Sund. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. Aug. 17, 1669. 
Child, b. Dec. 12, 1670. 
Nathaniel, b. Feb. 10. 1672. 
Sarah, b. Nov. 5, 1675 ; d. unm. abt. 

Azariah, b. Dec. 4, 1678. 
Ebenczer, b. Feb. 2, 1681. 

3. Obadiah, s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. Apr. 15, 1641. His 
house was burned and he and child carried in 1677 to Canada. He 
returned the next vcar and rem. from Hat. to Wethersfield, Conn., 
where he d. June 10, 1698. He m. (1) Jan. 8, 1669, Sarah Beard- 
sley; m. (2) Mehitable, prob. dau. of Samuel Hinsdale. 



Ch.: Sarah, b. Aug. 20, 1669. 
Obadiah, b. Jan. 29, 1672. 
Daniel, b. Apr. 26, 1674. 


Noadiah, b. 1694. 

Mehitable, b. 1696. 

4. Nathaniel, s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. in Aug., 1643; free- 
man, 1690; d. Oct. 11, 1710; m. (1) Hannah , who d. Feb. 23, 

1679; m. (2) in 1680, wid. Elizabeth Gillett; m. (3) in 1684, 
Elizabeth, wid. of Samuel Wright of Nhn. 

-) : Nathaniel, 

Ch. (by Hannah — 

b. May 1, 1663. 
Hannah, b. Jan. 18, 1666; m. Samuel 

Kellogg of Colchester, Conn. ; prob. 

d. Aug. 3, 1745. 
John, b. Nov. 1, 1667. 

Mary, b. Feb. 2, 1673; m. Nathaniel 
Smith, Feb. 6, 1696; d. Aug. 16, 

Daniel, b. Mar. 3, 1675. 

Rebecca, b. Mar., 1677; m. 1713, 
Thomas Allen. 

5. Joseph, s. of Nathaniel (1), was freeman of Conn., 1657, and 
res. in Nhn. from 1664 to 1674, and then rem. to Nfd. He was 
slain with Capt. Beers, Sept. 4, 1675. He m. Phebe Bracy, dau. of 
Mrs. Martin. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. May 24, 1666; d. in Azariah, b. May 15, 1674; prob. m. 

Hat., 1690 or 1691. (1) Mary ; m. (2) Elizabeth 

Joseph, b. Apr. 27, 1668. , and sett. abt. 1704 in Haddam, 

Nathaniel, b. May 20, 1670. Conn. 
John, b. May 2, 1672. 

6. Samuel, s. of Samuel (2) of Hat., was b. Aug. 17, 1669; m. 
(1) Sarah, dau. of Samuel Billings of Hat. She was b. Oct. 18, 
1676. He m. (2) in 1706, Rebecca, wid. of Abner Wright. 

Ch.: John, b. Sept 1, 1699. 
Samuel, perhaps. 
Elisha, b. Dec. 15, 1708. 

Moses, b. Sept. 28, 1711. 



7. Nathaniel, s. of Samuel (2) of Hat., was b. Feb. 10, 1672; 
d. Nov. 29, 1741 ; m. May 25, 1713, Esther Cole, who d. in 1750. 

Ch.: Eunice, b. July 17, 1714; m. .Joseph, b. Aug. 30, 1719; m. Submit 

Thomas Baker. ; d. 1747. 

Gideon, b. Apr. 27, 1716; m. Rebecca Miriam, m. Simeon Morton. 

; d. Apr. 13, 1781. 

8. Ebenezer, s. of Samuel (2) of Hat, was b. Feb. 2, 1681 ; 
d. Mar. 16, 1730; m. June 27, 1706, Hannah, dau. of Eleazer Frary. 

Ch.: Editha, b. Aug. 23, 1707; m. 

John Field; d. 1740. 
Elizabeth, b. Aug. 2, 1709; m. 

Nathan, b. May 30, 1712; m. (1) 

Thankful Warner; m. (2) Joanna 

Leonard; d. Aug. 7, 1796. 
Hannah, b. Feb. 17, 1715; m. 1742, 

Remembrance Bardwell; d. Mar. 

16, 1788. 
Reuben, b. Aug. 2, 1717. 
Samuel and Mary, twins, b. Oct. 14, 

1718. Mary d. unm. 1754. 
Abner, b. Jan. 5, 1724; m. Sarah 

; d. Sept. 28, 1799. 

9. Nathaniel, s. of Nathaniel (4) of Hat., was b. May 1, 1663 ; 
made his will in 1743, which was approved in 1757. He m. (1) 
Hepzibah Gibbs, who d. in 1713; m. (2) Lydia, wid. of Samuel 
Wright of Nhn. 


Ch.: Nathaniel, b. Feb. 25, 1685; Nathaniel, b. Nov. 27, 1698; res. in 

slain in 1698. Nfd.; d. before 1758. 

Samuel, b. Dec. 30, 1687; res. in Benjamin and Thankful, twins, b. 

Dfd.; d, abt. 1761. Sept. 11, 1702. Benjamin m. Sarah 

Ebenezer, b. Oct, 7, 1690; res. in Scott; d. May 18, 1778. Thankful 

Hat. m. 1726, Japhet Chapin of Spfd. 

Daniel, b. Nov. 13, 1693. Catharine, b. Jan. 8, 1706; m. 1736, 

Hepzibah, b. Aug. 7, 1696; m. 1720, Caleb Chapin of Spfd. 

Jonathan Belding. 

10. Nathaniel, s. of Joseph (5), deacon, of Hat., was b. May 
20, 1670. and d. in 1745. He m. Hannah, dau. of Daniel White of 
Hat. She was b. in Sept., 1679. 

Ch.: Jonathan, b. Nov. 7, 1699; m. Joshua, b. Feb. 7, 1709; d. Mar. 2, 

Mary Smith, Apr. 2, 1724; d. Dec. 1793; m. . 

31. 1787. Elijah, b. Feb. 24, 1712; d. June a 

Martha, b. Dec. 25, 1701 ; m. Mar. 2, 1714. 

1727, Elnathan Graves; d. Jan. 9, Elijah, b. Sept. 20, 1714; d. May 28, 

1756. 1715. 

Obadiah, b. Julv 28, 1704; m. (1) Joel, b. Mar. 23, 1716. 

May 26, 1726, Mary Belding; m. Lucy, b. Sept. 9, 1718; d. Dec. 24. 

(2) Martha ; d. June 24, 1788. 1718. 

Nathan, b. Apr., 1707; d. May, 1707. 

11. MosES, s. of Samuel (6) of Hat., was b. Sept. 28, 1711; d. 
abt. 1787; m. Oct. 24, 1737, Anna, dau. of Joseph Smith. She was 
b. July 22, 1712. 

Ch.: Samuel, res. in What. 1773, Silas Billings; d. Feb. 11, 

Rebecca. 1837. 

Martha, m. William Mather. Anna, b. abt. 1750; m. John Bullard; 

Miriam, b. abt. 1746; m. Nov. 25, d. Mar. 27, 1806. 

12. Danikl, s. of Nathaniel (9) of Hat., was b. Nov. 13, 1693. 
and d. Oct. 16, 1768. He m. (1) Jan. 13, 1736, Lydia, dau. of 
Icha])od Allis of Hat. She was b. Ian. 7, 1702, and d. Oct. 16, 
1737. He m. (2) Ruth Bagg in 1744'. She d. Dec. 19, 1791, a. 83, 

Ch. (bv Ruth Bagg) : Daniel, b. June Aaron, b. Oct. 9, 1749; d. Julv 1. 

3, 1745; d. Aur. 28, 1825. 1827. 

Lydia. b. Nov. 21, 1746; m. Gideon Roger, b. Feb. 23, 1752; d. Aug. 7, 

Dickinson. 1838. 

13 loiiN, s. of Nathaniel (4) of Hat., was b. Nov. 1, 1667; d. 

Dec. *21,' 1761. He m. ( 1 ) in 1688, Sarah . who d. in 1707 ; m. 

(2) Hepzi])ah, i)ro]). dau. of Lieut. Thomas Wells of Dfd. 

Ch.: Sarah, b. Apr. 15. 1689; m. Fob. Ruth. ni. abt. 1727, Samuel Wells. 

15, 1709. John Leonard of Spfd. Tohn. b. Apr. 2. 1707. 

Jerusha, h. Mar. 20. 1693; ni. (1) Thomas, b. Apr. 6, 1718; m. Pru- 

Daiiiol Russi'll ; m. (2) 1744, Simon dcnce Smith. 

Cookv of Sund. David, b. Oct. 5. 1720; d. 1726. 

Lydia. ni. Jan. 12. 1714. Joseph Marv. b. June 20, 1722; d. Dec. 10. 

Churchill of Wethersheld. Conn. 1726. 

Funice. h. 1697 : ni. Noah Clark of Salmon. 

Nhn. AbJRail. m. Jonathan Wells of Bel- 
Hannah, m. Feb. 20. 1723. William chertown. 

Murray. Dorothy, prob. 



14, Col. John, s. of John (13) of Hat., was b. Apr. 2, 1707; 
d. Feb. 21, 1799; m. abt. 1734, Mary, dau. of Nathaniel Coleman. 
She was b. July 14, 1712, and d. Nov. 28, 1780. 

Ch.: John. 

Mary, m. 
Sarah, m. 


15. Salmon, s. of John (13) of Hat., was b. abt. 1725; d. Aug. 
20, 1781, in his 56th year. 

Ch.: Salmon. 

Mary, m. Feb. 8, 1774, Samuel Dick- 
inson, Jr. 

Hannah, b. abt. 1752; m. Aug. 31, 
1773, Seth Bardwell; d. Dec. 31. 


16. Dea. Obadiah, s. of Nathaniel (10) of Hat., was b. July 
28, 1704; d. June 24, 1788, a. 84. He m. (l)May 26, 1726, Mary, 
dau. of John and Sarah (Waite) Belding of Hat. She was b. July 
27, 1705, and d. Feb. 10, 1747. He m. (2) Martha, dau. of Joseph 
and Mary (Warner) Waite. She was b. Oct. 7, 1724, and d. Nov. 
18, 1785. 

Ch. ( bv Alarv Belding) : Elijah, b. 

Julv 31, 1727. 
Elihu. b. Oct. 11, 1729; d. Aug. 31, 

Lucy. b. Nov. 10, 1731 ; m. Eleazer 

Allis of Hat. 
Lois, b. Dec. 9, 1733; d. Aug. 27, 1742. 
Israel, b. Feb. 21, 1736; m. Nov. 20, 

1764, Mercy Partridge. 
Hannah, b. Oct. 4, 1738; m. Nov. 14, 

1755, Julius AlHs of Con. 
Obadiah. b. Dec. 6, 1740; d. Aug. 31, 

Submit, b. Oct. 21. 1742; m. 1766, 

Samuel Gaylord ; d. Oct. 25, 1766. 
Lois, b. Aug. 5, 1744; m. Nov. 14, 

1770, John C. Williams; d. Sept. 7, 

1787. " 

Mary, b. Jan.. 1746; d. the next year. 
Ch. (by Martha Waite) : Mary, b. 

Jan. 6, 1748; m. Jan. 27, 1774. 

Elisha Allis of What. 
Obadiah, b. Mar. 27, 1751 ; d. Oct. 11, 

Infant, b. Apr. 12, 1753; d. same day. 
Elihu. b. Sept. 4, 1755. 
Obadiah, b. Aug. 31, 1757; m. June 

28. 1787, Sophia Pomeroy of Nfd. 
Martha, b. Sept. 14, 1759; d. same 

Martha, b. Oct. 26. 1761 ; m. Oct. 29, 

1790, John Barret of Nfd. 
Silas, b. Apr. 3. 1764; d. Aug. 26, 

Svlvia, b. May 6, 1766; d. in 6 weeks, 
'June 27, 1766. 

17. Ensign Elijah, s. of Obadiah (16), was b. at Hat., July 
31, 1727; d. Jan. 26, 1813, a. 86. He m. (1) Sybil, dau. of Zech- 
ariah Billings. She was b. Feb. 10, 1732, and d. Mar. 30, 1767, a. 
36. He m. (2) Aug. 24, 1769, Mary Smith, who d. Oct. 14, 1798, 
a. 62. 

Ch. (by Svbil Billings) : Elijah, b. 
Sept.. 175i5; d. Sept., 1756. 

Electa, b. Oct. 15, 1757. 

Elijah, b. Apr., 1760. 

Clarissa, b. Julv 27, 1762; m. 


Ruth, b. Feb. 25, 1765; ni. John 
Hubbard ; d. Nov. 24, 1837. 

Submit, b. Mar. 26. 1767; m. Augus- 
tus Dickinson of Con. ; d. Mar. 15, 

Ch. (by Mary Smith) : Sybil, b. June 

18, 1770; m. Feb. 1, 1790, Dr. 

Hastings ; d. July 9, 1843. 
Marv, b. Jan. 17, 1772; m. Ebenezer 

White; d. May 11. 1850. 
Lois, b. Sept. 2, 1774; m. July 11, 

1793, Moses Wells; d. Dec. 30, 

Silas, b. Nov. 7, 1776; d. Mar. 28, 

Sophia, b. Mav 17. 1779; d. Aug. 8. 



18. Elijah, s. of Ensign Elijah (17), was b. in Apr., 1760; d 
May 27, 1817, a. 58. He m. (1) Apr. 24, 1794, Bathsheba Waite, 
who was b. Oct. 25, 1768, and d. Apr. 1, 1806; m. (2) Apr. 23, 
1807, Lydia Wells, who d. Apr. 10, 1812, a. 52; m. (3) Apr. 22, 
1813, Nancy Dickinson, who was b. July 18, 1775, and d. Nov. 22, 

Ch, (by Bathsheba Waite) : Twin 1803. 

daughters, d. Oct. 27, 1794, a. one Norman, b. May 6, 1803 ; d. June 21, 

day. 1818. 

Twins, s. and dau., b. Jan. 24, 1795; Child, b. Jan. 12, 1806; d. same day. 

d. June 24, 1795. Ch. (by Nancy Dickinson) : Elijah, 
Obadiah, b. Oct. 23, 1796; d. in N. b. July 25, 1814; d. June 5, 1893. 

Y. state, Apr. 23, 1879. Nancy, b. Mar. 9, 1816; m. Joseph 
Norman, b. Feb. 19, 1801 ; d. Jan. 21, D. Billings ; d. Nov. 22, 1867. 

19. Elihu, s. of Dea. Obadiah (16), was b. in Hat., Sept. 4, 
1755; d. Aug. 8, 1809; m. 1779, Mary, dau. of John and Mary 
Smith of Hat. She was b. 1751 and d. May 23, 1820, a. 69. He 
was a farmer and a resident of Hat. 

Ch,: Cotton, b. Sept. 13, 1779; d. 7, 1873. 

Sept. 27, 1799. Clarissa, b. Apr. 11, 1788; m. Ed- 
Israel, b, Sept. 23, 1781 ; m. Polly mund Longley of Boston. 

Dickinson. Son, b. May 19, 1791; d. May 24, 

William, b. June 13, 1783. 1791. 

Pamelia, b. June 21, 1785; m. Joseph Daughter, b. Jan. 11, 1792; d. same 

Longley of Shirley. day. 
Silas, b. Oct. 20, 1786; d. unm. Oct. 

20. William, s. of Elihu (19), was b. at Hat., June 13, 1783; 
d. Dec. 29, 1870, a. 87. He m. Fanny, dau. of Lieut. Samuel and 
Sarah (White) Smith. She was b. in Hat., 1787, and d. Fd>. 21, 
1853. He was a farmer by occupation and lived on the oldDea. 
Obadiah Dickinson homestead in Hat. 

Ox.: John S., b. Oct. 11, 1814; d. Jan. Sept. 21, 1838. 

23, 1853. William Henry, b. Mar. 4^ 1920. 

Mary Smith, b. Aug. 26, 1816; d. 

21. WiLLLAM Henry, s. of William (20), was b. at Hat., Mar. 

4, 1820; d. July 6, 1905 ; m. Nov. 30, 1842, Angelina, dau. of Justin 
and Olive (Cooley) Waite of Hat. She was b. at Hat.» Oct 14, 
1822. He was a farmer, bank director, and prominent in town and 


Ch.: James Waite, b. Oct. 24, 1844. Dec. 13, 1871, Elijah Ashley Bard- 

Marv Smith, b. Oct. 14, 1847; d. Aug. well; d. Aug. 10, 1876. 

13! 1849. William Cooley, b. Sept. 18, 1853. 

Sarah Emma, b. Nov. 23, 1851 ; m 

22 Tames Wattk, s. of William Henry (21), was b. at Hat., 
Oct. 24/1844; d. Nov. 10, 1868; m. Nov. 14, 1867, Avie M., dau. of 
Eliphas H. and Sarah (Bartlctt) Wood of What. She was b. Sept. 

5. 1844. 

Ch.: Mary J., b. Sept. 26. 1868; m Burt L. Sims of Holyoke. 



23. William Cooley, s. of William Henry (21), was b. at Hat., 
Sept. 18, 1853; d. Feb. 5, 1898; m. Nov. 4, 1891, Clara L., dau. of 
Thaddeus Graves of Hat. 
Ch.: William H., b. Aug. 14. 189Z Mary Graves, b. Dec. 31, 1893. 

24 Aaron, s. of Daniel (12), was b. at Hat., Oct. 9, 1749; d. 
July 1, 1827; m. (1) Dec. 14, 1780, Hannah, dau. of Remembrance 
Bardwell of Hat. She was b. Aug. 4, 1750; d. May 13, 1785. He 
m. (2) July 27, 1785, Experience, wid. of Caleb Cooley and dau. of 
Charles Phelps of Had. She d. June 7, 1847, a. 86, He kept for 
many years a tavern at Westbrook. 

Ch. (by Hannah Bardwell) : Sarah, b. 

Oct. 12, 1781; m. Silas Frary of 

Walter, b. Mar. 2. 1783; d. Aug. 8, 

Hannah, b. Maj- 13, 1785 ; d. soon, 
Ch. (by Experience Phelps Cooley) : 

Henry, b- June 9. 1787; d. Jan. 1, 

Da%id. b. Oct. 25. 1788. 

Hannah, b. July 30. 1791. 

Aaron, b. Apr. 5. 1793; m. Harriet 
Arms of Dfd. ; d. Dec. II, 1867. 

Experience, b. Sept. 30, 1795. 

Walter, b, Aug. 9. 1800; d. unm, abt. 

Caleb Cooley, b. Nov. 25, 1804; d. 
unm. Sept. 16, 1882, and left his 
fortune to found Dickinson Hos- 
pital at Nhti. 

25. David, s. of -Xaron (24), was b. Oct. 25, 1788; d. June 9. 
1872; m. Jan. 29, 1817, Dorothy, dau. of Lieut. John Brown of 
What. She was b. Nov. 14, 1800, and d. Sept. 27, 1866. 
Ch.: Champion Brown, b, Dec. 21, Harriet, b. 1820; ni. Joseph Milling- 
181& ton of CatskiU, N.X. 


26. Champion Brown, s. of David (25), was b. at What., Dec. 
21, 1818; d. Dec. 23, 1895; m. May 15, 1855, Martha Richtin>Te, 
who was b. at Durham, Greene County, N. Y., Jan. 10, 1837, and 
d. Nov. 28, 1897. They were residents of No. Hat. 

CIt.: Cooley Brown, b. June 10, 1858. delphia, Penn. 

Hattie C, b. Feb. 24, 1859; m. Nov. Edward Nelson, b. Apr. 3, 1862. 
10, 1881, John W. Darr of Phila- 

27. Cooley Brown, s. of Champion B. (26), was b. at Durham, 
Greene County, N. Y., June 10, 1828; m. Jan. 14, 1885, Myra L., 
dau. of Micajah and Pamelia A. (Parker) Howes. She was b. 
June 13, 1862. 

Ch. : Myra Emily, b. June 14, 1887. Pauline Howes, b. May 5, 1893. 

Millie Martha, b. July 18, 1890; d. Champion Ryland, b. Aug. 25, 1895: 
June 5, 1892. d. Jan. 25, 1897. 

28. Edward Nelson, s. of Champion B. (26), was b. at Dur- 
ham, Greene County, X. Y., Apr. 3. 1862; m. Jan. 31, 1895, Elvira 
McKenan, who was b. Dec. 21, 1872. They reside at No. Hat. 

Ch.: Josephine Pratt, b. Nov. 11, Charles Parmenter, b. Jan. 19, 1901. 

1895. Marion, b. Jan. 21, 1902; d. Dec. 6, 

Edward Samuel, b. Oct. 4, 1896. 1907. 

Louise Martha, b. Oct. 28, 1897. May White, b. Feb. 15, 1903. 
Champion Cowles. b. Sept. 26, 1898; Frederick Richtmyre, b. Nov. 2, 1904. 

(1. Dec. 13, 1907. Ruth Emily and Robert Aaron, twins, 

Dorothy Brown, b. Oct. 3, 1899. b. Dec. 15, 1909. 

29. Gideon, s. of Nathaniel (7), was b. Apr. 27, 1716; d. Apr. 
13, 1781 ; m. in 1742, Rebecca, dau. of John and Martha (Graves) 
Crafts. She was b. at Hat., Oct. 12, 1721, and d. Aug. 27, 1788. 

Ch.: Lois, b. June 7, 1743; m. Daniel Joseph, b. May 9, 1747; m. Hannah 

Dickinson ; d. Aug. 30, 1834. Waite. 

Gideon, b. Dec. 29, 1744; m. Lydia Bula, b. May 25. 1754; m. Elijah 

Dickinson. Stebbins. 

30. JosKPH, s. of Gideon (29), was b. May 9, 1747; d. July 23, 
1819 ; m. Oct. 30, 1777. Hannah, dau. of Moses and Hepzibah Waite. 
She was 1). Feb. 6, 1750, and d. July 12, 1827. 

Ch.: Caleb, h. Feb. 2. 1778; d. unm. Bardwell; d. Oct. 7, 1841. 

Dec. 9. 1854. Hannah, b. May 19, 1786; m. Ros- 

Moscs, h. Sept. 24, 1780; d. Dec. 3, well Billings; d. Mar. 26, 1866. 

1780. Martha, b. July 28, 1789; d. unm. Jan, 

Miriam, b. Aug. 30, 1781; m. Klijah 16. 1838. 

31. Daniki., s. of Daniel ( 12). was b. June 3, 1745; d. Aug. 2S, 
1825; 111. June 17, 1773. Lois Dickinson, who d. Aug. 30. 1834. 

Ch.: Son, h. June 16. 1774. 1826. 

Xancv. 1). Julv 18. 1775: ni. Elijah Solomon, b. June 25, 1782; d. Feb. 

Dickinson; d. Xov.^^ 1867. 21. 1859. 

Rebecca, b. Xov., 1777: m. Aaron Lois, b. Mav 20, 1785; d. unm. Dec. 

Brown: d. .Sept. 15. 1866. 30, 1875. 
Daniel, h. May 8. 1780: d. July 26, 

32. Solomon, s. of Djiuvel (SU, was b. June 25, 1782; d. Feb. 


21, 1859; m. Hannah Huntington of Norwich, Conn., who d. June 
12, 1858, a. 68. 

Ch.: Abbv Huntington, b. Sept. 8, 8, 1843, George W. Hubbard; d. 

1811 ; d/Feb. 27, 1892. Apr. 28, 1888. 

Samuel H., b. Jan. 28, 1816; d. unm. Harriet, b. Sept. 21, 1824; m. Dec. 1, 

Apr. 6, 1897. Gave Dickinson Me- 1849, David F. Wells ; d. Aug. 24, 

morial Hall to town of Hat. 1868. 
Philura T., b. Jan. 31, 1818; m. Mar. 

33. Israel, s. of Elihu (19), was b. Sept. 23, 1781; m. Oct. 9, 
1806, Polly Dickinson. 

Ch.: Elizabeth W., b. May 5, 1808; Lemuel, b. Nov. 1, 1814; d. Nov. 3, 

ni. Dec. 31, 1834, Rodolphus Mor- 1814. 

ton; d. .\pr. 24, 1862. Israel George, b. Aug. 15, 1818; d. 

Son, b. Sept. 21, 1811; d. same day. June 2, 1868. 

34. Israel George, s. of Israel (33), was b. Aug. 15, 1818; 
d. June 2, 1868; m. Nov. 1, 1842, Sophia A., dau. of Moses Morton. 
She was b. June 2, 1824, and d. Mar. 17, 1874. 

Ch.: George, b. 1844; d. Aug. 10, 1854. Alfred Partridge, b. June 13, 1853. 
Edward, b. 1846. Carlton. 

35. Samuel, s. of Ebenezer (8), was b. Oct. 14, 1718; d. Feb. 
3, 1805 ; m. Nov. 14, 1754, Lucy Sattle of Connecticut. 

Ch.: Jonathan, b. Sept. 13, 1755. Lucy, b. Jan. 25, 1764. 

Elisha, b. June 28, 1/57. Zebina, b. Jan. 11, 1766. 

Setli, b. Dec. 14, 1759. Josiah, b. Oct. 8, 1767. 

Francis, b. Nov. 2, 1762. Tirza, b. Mar. 8, 1771. 

36. JoN.ATHAN, s. of Samucl (35), was b. Sept. 13, 1755; m. 
Nov. 24, 1791, Anna Parsons of Nhn. 

Ch.: Anna, b. Aug. 18, 1792; d. unm. Sept., 1875. 

Nov. 23, 1866. Erastus, b. Apr. 29. 1798. 

Jonathan, b. Jan. 30. 1794. Klijah Parsons, b. Mar. 28, 1805. 
Pamelia, b. Dec. 21, 1795; d. unm. 

37. Zebina, s. of Samuel (35), was b. Jan. 11, 1766; d. Feb. 28, 
1831 ; m. Martha . She d. Oct. 2, 1852, a. 82. 

Ch.: Infant, d. Aug. 25, 1796. Achsah, b. Mar. 31, 1806; d. Dec. 1, 

Mary, b. 1797; d. unm. Mar. 8, 1874. 1811. 

Sophia, b. Apr. 3, 1798; d. unm. Jan. Olive, b. May, 1808; m. Mar. 17, 

6, 1875. 1831, Erastus Cowles; d. July 17, 

Charlotte, b. Oct. 24, 1803; d. unm. 1889. 

May 11, 1866. Lewis, b. 1811; d. unm. July 6, 1874. 

38. Er.x.stus, s. of Jonathan (36), was b. Apr. 29, 1798; d. May 
2, 1859: m. Elizabeth Agar, who d. Dec. 30, 1881. 

Ch.: Edward, b. Xov. 23, 1834; d. Marv Ann, b. Apr. 7, 1840. 

Oct. 10, 1875. Geofge W., b. Nov. 5, 1841 ; d. Aug. 

Elizabeth, b. Aug. 28. 1838; m. Nov., 8. 1870. 

1868. Alfred Dibble of Wfd. They Fannie, b. Feb. 1. 1849: m. Jan. 25, 

have three ch.. Oscar II'., Gertrude 1877, Marshall H. Burke, who d. 

C. and Mary F. Sept. 7, 1906. 

39. Elij.\h .s. of Jonathan (36), was b. Mar. 28, 1805 ; 
d. Aug. 9, 1876; m. (1 ) Jan. 15, 1840, Sarah E. HwViWxe^, \4\vc. ^, 



Dec. 14, 1847. Their infant s. d. July 24, 1847. He m. (2) Sept 
26, 1848, Phebe, dau. of James and Maria Hemingway of Williams- 
burg. She was b. June 3, 1824. 

1884 ; Raymond IVilliam, b. Feb. 3, 
1886; Elsie Kathleen, b. Dec. 18, 
1893 ; Harold Cleveland, b. Feb. 16, 
1896; Esther Annette, b. Aug. 24, 

Ch.: Julia Dickinson (adopted), b. 
Oct. 24, 1858; m. Nov. 26, 1879, 
William W. Gore. Their ch. were 
Ruby Dickinson, b. Feb. 14, 1881; 
Etheleen Marguerite, b. Feb. 2, 

40. Edward, s. of Erastus (38), was b. Nov. 23, 1834; d. Oct. 
10, 1875; m. (1) Verona A. Ward, who d. Jan. 11, 1872, a. 35; m. 
(2) Jan. 1, 1874, Ellen E. Howes Moore, who d. . 

Ch.: Oscar E., b. 1868; d. Oct. 29, 1869, a. 1. 


1. ZECHARIAH FIELD was b. in East Ardsley in the West 
Riding of Yorkshire, Eng., abt. 1600; arrived in Boston, 1629. He 
was a s. of John and grandson of John Field, a distinguished 
astronomer of England. He lived in Dorchester, 1630. His place 
of residence is still known as Fields' Corner. He moved to the 
Connecticut Valley and sett, in Hart, in 1639 upon Sentinel Hill, at 
the north end of Main Street ; rem. to Nhn. in 1659 and to Hat. in 
1660, where he was buried June 30, 1666. His allotment of a home- 
stead was the first lot on the west side of Main Street above the 
Nhn. road. He m. Mary . 

Ch.: Mary. b. 1643; m. Oct. 2, 1663, John, b. 1648. 

Joshua Porter of Nhn. Samuel, b. 1651. 

Zechariah, b. 1645. Joseph, b. 1658. 

2. Zechariah, s. of Zechariah (1), was b. at Hart. abt. 1645; 
came with his father to Nhn. in 1659. In 1672 he rem. to Dfd., 
where he d. in 1674. The inventory of his estate, Sept. 29, 1674, 
was 185 pounds, 17 shillings, sixpence. After the massacre of 
Capt. Lathrop's company at Bloody Brook, the family rem. to Nhn. 
for safety from Indian depredations. He m. Dec:, 1667, Sarah, dau. 
of John Webb of Nhn. She m. (2) abt. 1677, Robert Price of Nhn. 
In 1690 she and her ch. rem. to Dfd., where they were slain by the 
French and Indians at the destruction of Dfd., Feb. 29, 1704. 

Ch.: Zechariali, b. Sept. 12, 1669; d. 

in infancy. 
Ebcnozer. b. Oct. 31, 1671 ; m. Mary 

John. b. Dec. 8, 1673; m. Mary Ben- 
nett, one of the captives to Canada. 

3. John, s. of Zechariah (1), was b. in 1648 at Hart.; came 
with his father in 1659 to Nhn.; in 1663 rem. to Hat., where 
he d. June 26. 1717. He was with Captain Turner in the Falls 
fight. May 19, 1676. He m. Dec. 17, 1670, Mary, dau. of Alexander 
Edwards of Nhn. 

Ch.: John, b. Mav 11, 1672. 
Mary, h. Feb. 2, 1674. ^ 
Zechariah, b. Aug., 1676. 

Benjamin, b. Feb. 14, 1679. 
Mary, b. Feb. 20, 1681; m. Mar. 6, 
\']Q\,\iT,TVvomas Hastings of Hat 


Bethia, b. abt 1684; m. John Allis. Ebenezer and Abilene, twins, b. July 
Sarah, b. Feb. 2, 1687 ; m. 1709, Na- 2, 1690. Ebenezer was slain by In- 

thaniel Peck of Swanzey, N. H. dians in Dfd., Oct. 26, 1708. Abi- 

Abilene, d. May 6, 1689. lene in. John Nash, Dec. 29, 1715. 

4. Samuel, s. of Zechariah (1), was b. in 1651 ; lived in Hat; 
was slain by Indians in ambush while hoeing com in Hat. meadows, 
June 24, 1697. He was sergeant in the Falls fight, May 19, 1676; 
m. Aug. 9, 1676, Sarah, dau. of Thomas Gilbert of Spfd. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. Sept. 27, 1678. Mary, b. July 27, 1690; m. June 26, 

Thomas, b. June 30, 1680. 1712, Jonathan Hoyt and rem. to 

Sarah, b. June 30, 1683 ; m. Nov. 18, Somers, Conn. 

1702, Samuel Warner of Spfd. Josiah, b. Nov. 5, 1692. 

Zechariah, b. Aug. 29, 1685. Joshua, b. Apr. 9, 1695 ; rem. to Spfd. 

Ebenezer, b. Mar. 17, 1688. and Bolton; d. Jan. 11, 1783. 

5. Capt. Joseph, s. of Zechariah (1), was b. in 1658; lived in 
Hat. until 1714. He was one of the forty signers, Apr. 13, 1714, to 
settle Swampfield, now Sund., and had lot No. 12, east side of the 
division of lots, where he d. Feb. 15; 1736. He m. (1) June 28, 
1683, Joanna, dau. of John Wyatt of Hart. She d. Mar. 23, 1722. 
He m. (2) Jan. 2, 1723, wid. Mary Belden. 

Ch.: Manr, b. July 18. 1684; m. Apr. Jonathan, b. Oct. 13, 1697; m. (1) 

25, 1706, Ebenezer Bardwell. Mar. 30, 1721, Mary Billings; m. 

Joanna, b. Dec. 9, 1686; d. Aug. 30, (2) July 25, 1739, Esther Smith. 

1689. He d. in 1781. 

Joseph, b. June 9, 1689; m. Mary Martha, b. Oct. 19, 1699. 

Smith. Abigail, b. Sept. 4, 1702; d. in Sund., 

Daughter, b. Mar. 15, 1691 ; d. Apr. Jan. 10, 1721. 

19, 1691. Israel, b. June 29, 1705; d. July 16, 

Joanna, b. Jan. 9. 1693; m. June 11, 1705. 

1713, Thomas French of Dfd. Thankful, b. Sept. 19, 1707; d. Oct 

Lydia, b. June 26, 1695 ; m. 1724, John 11, 1707. 

Bliss of Spfd. 

6. John, s. of John (3), was b. May 11, 1672. He was one 
of the ten constables appointed by the Governor and Council in 
1708, and a soldier in the Indian wars ; m. 1698, Sarah, dau. of John 
Coleman of Hat. She was b. Feb. 15, 1672, and was one of the 
captives taken to Canada, Sept. 19, 1677, and redeemed by Ben- 
jamin Waite and Stephen Jennings, and reached home in May, 1678. 
The little shoe worn by her in the march back from Canada is now 
treasured by the P. V. M. A. of Dfd. She d. Jan. 8, 1759, a. 77. 
He d. May 28, 1747. 

Ch.: John. b. Sept. 14, 1700. She was drowned in Dfd. River, 

Sarah, b. July 8, 1702; m. (1) Joshua Sept. 3, 1740. 

Belden, Dec. 1, 1725; m. (2) Amos. b. June 24, 1708; d. Oct. 10, 

Thomas Noble of Wfd.; d. Aug. 1759. 

17, 1763. Eliakim, b. Nov. 27, 1711; d.*Feb. 8, 

Hannah, b. July 8, 1704; m. Dec. 24, 1786. 

1729, Samuel Dickinson of Dfd. Mary, b. June 18, 1715. 

7. Zecharlmi. s. of John (3), was b. in Aug., 1676: an early 
sett, in Amh., where he d. abt. Jan., 1738. He m. May 25, 1705, 
Sarah, dau. of Dea. John Clark of Nhn. 


Ch.: Ebenezer, b. Aug. 8, 1709. Samuel Hawley of Amh. 

Rebecca, b. abt. 1711; m. Jan. 13, Mary, b. Jan. 21, 1716; m. May 18. 

1737, Joseph Hawley of Amh. 1738, Moses Warner of Amh. 

Sarah, b. Mar. 18, 1714; m. abt. 1736, John, b. Jan. 12, 1718. 

8. Samuel, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Sept. 27, 1678: rem. as 
early as 1720 from Hat. to Dfd., where he d. in 1762; m. 1706, Mary 
Hoyt, who d. in 1747. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, b. Apr. 16, 1707; m. Eunice, b. May 29, 1714; m. Joseph 

Moses Miller of Spfd. Smead. 

Samuel, b. Feb. 20, 1709; d. 1726. Thankful, b. 1716; m. Nov. 38, 1739. 

David, b. Jan. 4, 1712; d. in Dfd., Seth Heaton of Keene, X. H. 

Apr. 19, 1792. Ebenezer, b. Oct. 2, 1723. 

9. Thomas, s. of Samuel (4), was b. June 30, 1680: rem. after 
1728 to Lon^meadow ; m. 1713, Abigail, dau. of Hezekiah Dickinson. 
He d. Feb. 1, 1747. 

Ch.: Abigail, b. Oct. 5, 1714; m. Abial Simeon, a physician in Enfield, d. 

Abbot of Windsor, Conn. . June 7, ISGO. 

Samuel, b. May 10, 1718; d. Aug. 10, Samuel, b. Oct. 10, 1725: was a 

1721. physician in Saybrook, Conn.: d. 

Moses, b. Feb. 16, 1722; d. Mar. 7, Sept. 25, 1783. 

1815. Sarah, b. Nov. 28, 1728. 

10. ZiiCii.xRLXH, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Aug. 29. 1685: rem. 
first to Dfd. and then to Xfd. ; m. Sarah Mattoon. He d. in 1746. 

Ch.: Seth, b. 1712. Ebenezer, b. 1717. 

Catherine, b. 1715; m. Willard Samuel, b. 1719. 

of Winchester, N. H. Paul, b. 1721. 

Gains, b. 1716. 

11. Ebhnkzkr, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Mar. 17, 1688: res. in 
Xfd.: m. Elizabeth Arms, who m. (2) Azariah Wright. He d. 
Sept. 12, 1723. 

Ch.: Ebenezer, b. 1715; d. Aug. 12, Aaron, b. 1722. 

1800. Elizabeth, b. 1723; m. Feb. 14. 1745. 

Joanna, h. 1717; ni. Phincas Wright; Kbenezer Wells of Dfd. and d. Mav 

d. Apr. 11, 1798. 17, 1785. 
Moses, h. 1719; d. Nov. 27, 1787. 

12. I^»'-A. JosKPii. s. of Capt. Joseph (5), was b. June 0, 1689; 
was deacon in Suiid. ; d. Ech. 4, 1754: m. Sept. 13, 1716, ^lary 
Smith, (lau. of Joseph and Canada (Waite) Smith of Hat. She 
d. Mar. 0, 1 /()/.' 

Ch.: I-:iisha. 1.. July 1, 1717; m. Ik-tlic Martha, b. Feb. 27, 1729: m. llczo- 

Pratt. kiah Bcldcn. 

Mary, h. .May 19, 1719; m. Daniel Kx])LTience, b. Apr. 10, 1732; ni. 

Clark. I^lijah Clark. 

Ahif^ail, I). .\u\i:. 11. 1721; ni. 1745, Sarah, b. Jan. 16, 1735; ni. Simeon 

SauuK'l I'icUl. Lyman, a Revolutionary soldier. 

Josci)li, 1). Dec. 2S. 1723; d. Oct. 6, Jonathan, b. July 30, 1737; m. Eli/a- 

179S. b.-th Coolev. 

Thankful. I.. Dec. 9, 1726; ni. Bcnja- I>racl, h. Mar. 21, 1741. 

//?in (/raxes. 



13. John, s. of John (6), was b. Sept. 14, 1700; m. (1) Editha 
Dickinson, who d. in 1740; m. (2) Ann Bagg. He d. May 26, 1762. 

Ch.: Medad, b. Aug. 8, 1734. 
Editha, b. June 15, 1737; m. Augus- 
tus Fisk of Windsor, Conn. 

Hannah, b. Oct. 5, 1740; m. Silas 

14. Amos, s. of John (6), was b. June 24, 1708; m. Aug. 30, 
1739, Mehitable, dau. of Thomas Day of Hart. He d. Oct. 10, 1759. 

Ch.: Zechariah, b. Jan. 6, 1744; d. 1825. 

15. Eliakim, s. of John (6), was b. Nov. 27. 1711 ; m. Jan. 11, 
1758, Esther, dau. of David and Abigail Bard well Graves of What. 
She was b. Nov. 29, 1732. He d. Feb. 8, 1786, a. 75. 

Ch.: Zenas, b. Aug. 10, 1753. 
Sarah, b. Apr. 22, 1755; m. David 

Scott as his second wife. 
Zilpha, b. Nov. 13, 1756; m. Abner 

Loomis of What. He d. Apr. 2, 

1812. She d. Mar. 22, 1847. 
Rhoda, b. Oct. 26, 1758; m. Elisha 

Waite of Hat. He died June 29, 


She d. Jan. 19, 1819. 
John, b. Aug. 25, 1760. 
David, b. Apr. 11, 1764. 
Esther, b. Apr. 4, 1767; d. unm. 
Hannah, b. June 21, 1769; m. (1) 

Samuel Grimes of Goshen; m. (2) 

Oliver Cooley of So. Dfd. 

16. John, s. of Zechariah (7), was b. Jan. 12, 1718; was lieu- 
tenant in Amh. ; ni. July 10, 1739, Hannah, dau. of Samuel Boltwood 
of Amh. 

Ch.: John, bap. Mav 18, 1740; m. 
(1) Jan. 15, 1767. 'Elizabeth Hen- 
derson ; m. (2) wid. Wells. 

Abigail, bap. Julv 11, 1742. 

Martha R, bap. Oct. 2, 1743; m. (1) 
Col. Nathan Allen; m. (2) Thomas 

Mary, bap. Julv 27, 1746; m. Joel 
Billings of Amh. ; d. Aug. 18, 1813. 

Abigail, bap. June 5, 1748 ; m. Gideon 
Dickinson. Jr., of Amh. 

Sarah, bap. May 27. 1750; m. Timo- 
thy Clapp; d. in Feb., 1799. 

Ebenezcr, bap. Mar. 22, 1752; m. Oct. 
1, 1682, Sarah Gould. 

Samuel, bap. Jan. 20, 1754; m. June 
15, 1779, Miriam Nash. 

Jemima, bap. May 25, 1755; m. Jan. 
15, 1778. Oliver Bridgman. 

Jonathan, bap. Dec. 9. 1759; m. (1) 
Jan. 2. 1780. Sally Smith; m. (2) 

17. Zen.\s, s. of Eliakim (15), was b. Aug. 10, 1753; m. (1) 
Mar. 12. 1778, Sarah Burrows. She d. Sept. 10, 1810. He m. (2) 
June 11. 1811, Lydia Cathcart of What. She d. May 2. 1850, a. 85. 
He was a soldier in the Revolutionary war in Capt. Salmon White's 
company: was in the battle of Bennington and at the surrender of 
Burgoyne. Res. in What. 

Ch.: Lydia, b. Sept. 17. 1782. 
Orange, b. Dec. 2, 1784; d. June 14, 

John. b. Sept. 10, 1786; d. Mav 27, 

Lvdia. b. Tunc 8. 1788; m. Dec. 6. 

1810. Eli Tudd of Nhn. She d. 

Dec. 23, 1875. 
Orange, h. Feb. 22. 1790. 
John. b. Oct. 10. 1792. 

18. John. s. of Eliakim fl5), was b. Au^. 25, 1760; rem. to 
Con. ; m. 1785, Lucy Look. He d. Jan. 19, 1824. SV\^ d. vcv \%S\. 

Rhoda, h. Nov. 21. 1794; m. Oct. 14. 
1813. Joel Burrows of Williams- 

Zenas, h. Sept. 22. 1796. 

Sarah, b. Nov. 11, 1798; m. Nov. 23, 
1820, Herbert Eggleston. 

Esther, b. Sept. 21, ; m. John 

Bridgman of Nhn. She d. July 22, 



Ch. (b. in Con.) : Polly, b. Apr., 

1790; d. Dec., 1816. 
Nancy, b. Oct. 20, 1791; m. Elijah 

Page. She d. Dec. 2, 1856. 
William, b. Dec. 8, 1793. 
John, b. June 8, 1796. 
Lucinda, b. June 8, 1798; m. June 27, 

1827, Franklin Childs of Con. She 

d. Mar. 4, 1868. 
Prudence, b. Oct. 20, 1800; d. Nov. 

Editha, b. May 6, 1803; d. Aug. 1, 


19, David, s. of Eliakim (15), was b. Apr. 11, 1764; sett, in 
Con. ; m. 1790, Tabitha, dau. of Elisha and Hannah Clark of Har- 
wich. She was b. Nov. 1, 1771, and d. Nov. 6. 1847. He d. Jan. 
12, 1848. 

Ch. (b. in Con.) : Sally, b. Mar. 27, 

1791; m. Otis Childs of Con. 
Louisa, b. May 6, 1793; d. June 22, 

Eliakim, b. Oct. 20, 1794. 
Sophia, b. July 14, 1796; m. Henry 

Childs of Con. 
Hannah, b. Mar. 29, 1798; d. Jan. 20, 

Oliver C, b. Mar. 9, 1800. 
Louisa, b. Nov. 4, 1802; m. Elisha 

Wells of Hat 

Otis, b. Aug. 5, 1804. 

Lucretia, b. Dec. 21, 1805; unm.; d 
Feb. 28, 1850. 

David, b. Oct. 24, 1807. 

Almeron, b. Aug. 15, 1809. 

Esther, b. May 6, 1811; m. Nye Has- 
kell ; d. Feb. 8, 1872. 

Tabitha C, b. Feb. 12. 1814; m. Levi 
Graves ; d. July 25, 1876. 

20. Orange, s. of Zenas (17), was b. Dec. 2, 1784; m. (1) Apr. 
11, 1811, Rhoda Graves. She d. Jan. 6, 1826. He m. (2) Esther 
Collins. She d. Jan. 8, 1832. He m. (3) June 18, 1843, Hulda 
Boynton Tyler. He d. Jan. 18, 1854. Res. in What. 

Ch.: Sarah, b. Apr. 19, 1812; d. Nov. 
3, 1825. 

Sophronia, b. Feb. 19, 1814; m. May 
2, 1833, Solomon Root. 

Louisa, b. Mar. 5, 1816; m. Apr. 21, 
1834, Theodore Bridgman of Cleve- 
land, Ohio. 

Sophia, b. July 31, 1818; m. (1) Aug. 
13, 1837, Lucius King of Hunts- 
burg, Ohio; m. (2) Harlow Gillett. 

Esther, b. Sept. 19, 1822 ; d. Apr. 3, 

Flora E., b. Nov. 13, 1823; m. Jan. 

4, 1844, Henry Dwight of Hat He 

d. Jan. 17, 1893. 
Sarah T., b. Nov. 13, 1829 ; m. Oct, 

1885, Horace Waite of Hat He d. 

Aug. 28, 1887. She d. Feb. 9, 1889. 
Orange, b. Sept 7, 1831 ; d. Jan. 15, 


21. John, s. of Zenas (17), was b. Sept. 10, 1786; m. Nov. 17, 
1816, Abigail Warner. He d. Dec. 19, 1868. She d. Sept.* 11, 1865. 
They res. in What. 

Paul Warner, b. Dec. 19, 1823. 

Infant, b. Nov. 29, 1827. 

John Wright, b. Apr. 12, 1830; d. 

Mar. 16, 1832. 
Lemuel Bates, b. July 28, 1832. 
John Wright, b. Mar. 16, 1835. 

Ch.: Clymcna. b. May 26, 1817; m. 
Cornelius Pomcroy of Southamp- 

Paul Warner, b. Mav 30, 1819; d. 
Mar. 26. 1821. 

Infant, b. Sept. 3. 1821. 

22 Zknas, s. of Zenas (17), was b. Sept. 22. 1796; m. Chloe 
Drake of P.uckland. He d. Feb. 1. 1871. She d. Jan. 29, 1856. 

Ch.: Diadama, b. 1820; m. Aug., 1845, 
Lewis RenifT of Buckland. 

Zenas, b. May 27, 1822. 

Lovinia. h. .Xor. 21, 1824; m. Lewis 
Damon of Chesterfield. 


Chloe, m. Lucius ReniflF. 


Charles, b. Mar. 1, 1834. 

Lydia J., b. May 24, 1835 ; m. Austin 

Guilford of Nhn. 
D;v\Ul J., b. Sept. 13, 1837. 



23. William, s. of John (18), was b. Dec. 8, 1793; m. Oct. 7, 
1828, Submit Hamilton of Con. He d. June 7, 1845. Res. in Con. 

Ch.: Lucy A., b. July 19, 1829. 
Densey L., b. July 29, 1831. 
Samuel G., b Dec. 8, 1833. 
Leonard H., b. July 8, 1838. 

Mary J., b Jan. 9, 1841; m. June 11, 
1867, Henry J. Devrant of Frank- 
lin, Penn. He d. July 26. 1878. 
She d. in 1893. 

24. John, s. of John (18), was b. June 8, 1796; m. Sept. 25, 
1828, Fidelia Nash of Con. He d. June 13, 1876. She d. Sept. 
22, 1865. They res. in Con. 

Ch,: Chandler A., b. Sept. 19, 1829. 
Joseph N., b Sept. 20, 1831. 
Marshall, b Aug. 18, 1834. 
Helen E., b. Feb. 3, 1837; m. Lyman 

D. James of Williamsburg. 
Henry, b May 25, 1841. 
Elizabeth P., b Sept. 25, 1843; d. 

Dec. 27, 1851. 
William E., b. Feb 17, 1845 ; d. May 

22, 1845. 
Laura N., b. Oct. 30, 1848; m. Nov. 

15, 1873, Henry Dibble of Chicago. 
Elizabeth, b. Apr. 10, 1851; d. Aug. 

6, 1854. 

25. Eliakim, s. of David ( 19), was b. Oct. 20, 1794; m. Clarissa 
Ross. He d. at Montrose, Penn., Oct. 16, 1850. 

Ch,: Samuel Hawkes, b. Sept. 22, 

1825; unm. 

26. Oliver Clark, s. of David (19), was b. Mar. 9, 1800; m. 
(1) Jan. 24, 1824, Laura Nash of Con. She was b. in Con., Aug. 
10, 1803, and d. Oct. 2, 1848. He m. (2) Mar. 19, 1849, Electa 
Sanderson of Con. She was b. June 6, 1806, and d. Dec. 15, 1876. 
He d. Dec. 18, 1876. 

Ch.: Electa Maria, b Oct. 4, 1826; 

m. Cyrus S. Johnson. 
Louisa, b. June 28, 1829; m. James 

H. Pratt. 
Susan H.. b. May 9, 1831 ; m. Porter 

Pauline W., b Apr. 22, 1833; d. Oct. 

14. 1833. 
Tabitba C. b. Mar. 23, 1836; d. July 

12. 1856. 
EHiah N.. b. June 4, 1839; d. Sept. 

28, 1862. 
Pauline W.. 2d. b Apr. 22, 1842; d. 

Apr. 27. 1848. 

27. Otis, s. of David (19), was b. Aug. 5. 1804: m. Mar. 26, 
1837, Harriet M. Markle ; lived in New York. He d. in New York, 
Sept. 12, 1872. 

Ch.: Ann, b Feb. 4, 1838; d. Aug. Emma, b. .Aug. 22, 1850; d. Jan. 8, 

27 1838 1851 

Marion, b. Jan. 16, 1843; d. Mar. 9, Otis. b. .\ug. 4, 1851. 


28. David, s. of David (19), was b. Oct. 24, 1807: m. (1) Sept. 
23, 1831, Angfeline Sylvester. She was b. Apr. 23, 1812, and d. Dec. 
19, 1863. He m. (2) Mary Mar^ison of Hennepin. 111. She d. 
Feb., 1894. With patriotic zeal, at the a^e of 57, he served his 
country in the Union army as a soldier in the 139th Illinois Regi- 
ment, Volunteer Infantry. He d. at Hennepin, Feb. 13, 1894. 

Ch. (b in Con.) : Martha Fay. b. Almeron, b. June 30. 1836. 

June 29, 1832: in. Allen Stone. Lucv Ware. b. July 25, 1846; m. Ed- 

Francis S.. b. Feb. 12. 18v34. ward Hamm. 



29. Almeron, s. of David (19), was b. Aug. 15, 1809; m. (1) 
July 28, 1836, Mary Catherine Bassford. She was b. 1816; d. Jan. 
3, 1838. He m. (2) July 29, 1844, Rose Finn. She was b. 1822; d. 
Jan. 4, 1873. He d. at Waverly, N. Y. 

Ch, (by Mary C. Bassford) : Thomas James F. Pompelley. 

B., b. Dec. 20, 1837. James Flanders, b. July 27, 1852; <L 
Ch. (by Rose Finn) : Eliakim, b. in 1870. 

July 20, 1845. Hannah, b. Dec. 5, 1854. 

Mary Catherine, b. Sept. 5, 1847. Almeron, b. Sept. 29, 1856. 

Maria Louisa, b. Apr. 5, 1850; m. Chapin Hall, b. Dec. 5, 1859. 

30. Paul W., s. of John ( 21 ) , was b. May 30, 1819 ; m. Aug. 22, 
1847, Julia M. Damon. Res. in What. 

Ch.: Salma Watson, b. July 27, 1851. Charles Henry, b. Nov. 15. 1855. 
Frank Warner, b. Feb. 15, 1853. Effie Rosella, b. Feb. 28, 1858. 

31. Lemuel B., s. of John (21), was b. July 28, 1832; m. (1) 
June 14, 1855, Harriet Lilley. She d. Sept. 20, 1868. He m. (2) 
Sept. 22, 1869, Augusta J. Robbins. Res. in Leeds. 

Ch.: Lilla Isabel, b. May 11, 1856. 26, 1864. 

]\Iary Lovilla, b. Oct. 5, 1861 ; d. Jan. 

32. John W., s. of John (21), was b. Mar. 16, 1835; m. July 
24, 1855, Lucy Moore of What. He was sergeant of Co. F, 37th 
Regiment, M.V.M., in the Civil war, and was k. in the battle of the 
Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. 

Ch.: Esther Maria, b. Oct. 12, 1857; m. Clifford C. Haynes. 

33. Zenas, s. of Zenas (22), was b. May 27, 1822; m. Qarissa 
Dawson of Goshen. He d. in Nhn., Aug. 24, 1893. 

Ch.: Isabella, b. Dec. 20, 1845; d. 1859. 

Mar. 5, 1865. Nellie A., b. Mar. 23, 1850 ; m. Nov, 

Oscar, b. Mar. 10, 1848; d. Sept., 1871, Geo. N. Brown of Nhn. 

34. David J., s. of Zenas (22), was b. Sept. 13, 1837; m. Mar. 
9, 1862, Sarah Damon of Worthington. 

Ch.: Cora Bell, b. Aug. 31, 1866. Arthur D., b. Sept. 13. 1876. 

Frederick W.. b. Feb. 21, 1870; d. Gertrude, b Oct. 22, 1878. 
July 29, 1870. A son, b. June 14, 1880. 

Ida E., b. Dec. 28, 1872. 

35. Samukl Grimes, s. of William (23), was b. Dec. 8, 1833; 
m. Nov. 11, 1859, Anna Greene of Nfd. 

Ch.: Hugh W. G.. b. Mar. 11, 1861. 

36. Lf:onard Hamilton, s. of William (23), was b. July 8. 
1838; m. Dec. 10, 1867, Althena Raynor Perkins. She was b. May 
26, 1843. and d. at Jackson, Mich., Nov. 5, 1892. 

Ch.: William Browning, b. Oct. 22, Ravnor. b. Aug. 15, 1872. 
1868. Leonard Hamilton, b. Dec. 30, 1873. 

Charlotte Hamilton, b. Julv 19, 1871. 


37. Chandler A., s. of John (24), was b. Sept. 19, 1829; m. 
eb. 25, 1869, Helen Wells of Dfd. He d. Jan. 11, 1875. 

h.: Henry, b. Nov. 15, 1874; d. Nov. 15, 1874. 

38. Joseph Nash, s. of John (24), was b. Sept. 20, 1831; m. 
1) June 10, 1862, Jennie Hayes of Brattleboro, Vt. She d. Jan. 
3, 1862. He m. (2) May, 1871, Kitty Blackwell of Chicago, 111. 

h.: Maud, b. Feb. 9, 1872. Josephine, b. Oct., 1877. 

aura, b. June 17, 1873. Norman, b. Apr. 28, 1880. 

tanley, b. May 13, 1875. 

39. Marshall, s. of John (24), was b. Aug. 18, 1834; m. Jan. 
. 1862, Nannie Scott. He amassed a great fortune in the dry goods 
rade in Chicago, 111. He d. Jan. 16, 1906. 

h.: Lewis, b. Jan. 20, 1866. Ethel Newcome, b. Aug. 29, 1873. 

arshall, b. Apr. 21, 1868. 

40. Henry, s. of John (24), was b. Mav 25, 1841 ; m. Oct. 28, 
379, Florence Lathrop. He d. Dec. 22, 1891. 

i..- Minnie, b. Mar., 1881. Gladys, b Feb., 1888; d. Oct., 1888. 

orence, b. Nov., 1883. 

41. Francis Sylvester, s. of David (28), was b. Feb. 12. 1834; 
.. Dec. 25, 1854, Emma C. Cole of Lyons, N. Y. She was b. Feb. 


h. (b. at Lyons and Brantford, Willard C, b. Aug. 10, 1858. 
Ont.) : Edgar K., b. July 13, 1855. Herbert S.. b. July 27, 1861. 

42. Almeron, s. of David (28), was b. June 30, 1836; m. June 
I, 1869, Catherine C. Jones. He served in the Union army in the 
:h U. S. Infantry in the War of the Rebellion. Resides in Jack- 
mville, 111. 

i..- Angeline C. b. Dec. 14, 1870, in David R., h. Apr. 4, 1875. 

Bloomington, 111. Mabel E., b. Oct. 3, 1878, in Jackson- 

illiam R., b. June 10, 1872, in ville. 111. 

Bloomington, 111. Almeron G., b. Nov. 12, 1881. 

43. Thomas Bassford, s. of Almeron (29), was b. Dec. 20, 
?37 ; m. July 18, 1859, Mary E. Coe of Lima, N. Y. : lumber dealer 
I Coming, X. Y. He d. in Wellsboro, N. Y., June 20, 1903. 

'i.; Horace A., b. July 11, 1861. Grace, b. Nov. 26, 1868; d. Aug. 5, 

itelle L., b. Mar. 17, 1863; d. Dec. 1869. 

13, 1877. Edith M.. b. Nov. 16, 1873; d. Apr. 

Dsamond A., b. Jan. 16, 1867. 28, 1874. 

44. Eliakim, s. of Almeron (29), was b. July 20, 1845 ; m. July 
^, 1867, Josephine R. McCormick; no ch. 

45. Edgar Kirkl.vnd, s. of Francis S. (41), was b. July 13, 
i55; m. Sept. 14, 1876, Lillian Jewell of north Iowa; no ch. 

46. Willard Cole, s. of Francis S. (41), was b. Aug. 10, 1858; 
I. Nov. 8, 1882, Lucella Hammond. Resides in Wattsburg, Penn. 

h.: Stella Helen, b. Sept. 4. 1883. 


47. Zpxhariah, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Aug. 29, 1685; m. 
Dec. 21, 1711, Sarah, dau. of Philip Mattoon of Dfd. ; first selectman 
of Nfd. ; d. Aug. 15, 1746. His s. Samuel, b. July 6, 1719, m. 1745, 
Abigail, dau. of Joseph Field of Sund. ; soldier, 1756 ; d. June 17, 
1789. His s. Samuel, b. Mar. 3, 1755, m. May 14, 1776, Elizabeth, 
dau. of Samuel Mattoon ; adjutant general and served in the Revolu- 
tionary war; d. May 30, 1837. His s. Justin, b. Dec. 22, 1784, m. 
Harriet Powers. His s. Thomas P. Field was father of Henry P. 
Field of Nhn. 

48, Dea. Jonathan, s. of Dea. Joseph (12), was b. in Sund., 
July 30, 1737. He sett, in Leverett, Long Plain, in 1752, where 
he d. May 21, 1814. He was in Capt. John Hawkes' company 
and in the attack on Fort Ticonderoga in 1758, and an active 
patriot during the Revolutionary war. He m. 1764, Elizabeth 
Cooley of Sund., who was b. 1745, d. 1838. 

Ch.: Paris, b. Sept. 16, 1765; m. Cyn- Rebecca, b. Apr. 22, 1778; d. Sept 19, 

thia Lee. 1789. 

Clar#nda, b. Nov. 20, 1767; d. unm. Elisha, b. Mar., 1781; m. Persis Hub- 
Apr. 14, 1859. bard. 

Elihu, b. Apr. 27, 1770; d. Sept. 27, Walter, b. Mar., 1788; m. (1) Eliza- 

1780. bcth G. Wiley; m. (2) Fanny S. 

Marianna, b. Apr. 22, 1772; d. unm. Woolcutt 

Sept. 19, 1842. Elihu, b. May 24, 1790; d. unm. July 

Silas, b. Apr. 22. 1775; m. Mary 20, 1862. 
Elizabeth Woodbury. 

49, Walter, s. of Dea. Jonathan (48), was b. in Mar., 1788, in 
Leverett. He sett, in Sund. in 1813 and rem. to Hat. in 1834, where 
he d. Nov. 7, 1858. He m. (1) April 13, 1813, Elizabeth Sprague 
Wiley of Sund., who was b. in Dfd. in 1791, d. Oct. 21, 1832. He 
m. (2) 1832, at Albany, N. Y., Mrs. Fanny S. Woolcutt. She d. 
Apr. 20, 1840. 

Ch. (by Elizabeth) : Horace Wiley, Scott ' 

b. Jan. 7, 1814; m. Elizabeth Hill- John Wiley, b. Apr. 5, 1822; m. Julia 

man. M. Warren. 

Abner, b. Dec. 27, 1816; m. Wealthy Elizabeth, b. Sept. 15, 1824; m. Zac- 

Putney. cheus Crocker. She d. Dec. 9, 1898, 

Clarissa, b. Jan. 4, 1818; m. Mar. 22, William Walter, b. Aug. 17, 1826; m. 

1837. Sarah S. Frary. 

Franklin, b. Mar. 21. 1820; m. Alma Catherine, b. 1828; d. Oct. 18, 1833. 

50. Horace Wiley, s. of Walter (49), was b. in Sund.. Jan. 7. 
1814; m. (1) Dec. 31. 1839, Elizabeth M. Hillman of Con., who was 
b. ]nlv 4, 1817, and d. Tune 23, 1880. He n.. (2) Caroline Harris. 
He d.' Nov. 10. 1888. 

Ch.: Edwin Wilev. b. Jan. 29, 1842; Henry Hillman. b. Oct. 8. 1843; m. 
m. Sarah M. Hall of Pittsficld. Marietta Wade. 

51 Edwin Wiley, s. of Horace Wiley (50), was b. Tan. 29, 
1842: ni. Dec. 20, 1864. Sarah M. Hall of Pittsfield, who* was b. 

\(n-. 1, 1840, and d. June 22, 1^)09. 

(7i.: Clara E.. b. Oct. 4, 1865: d. Nov. Liiella E., b. Oct. 25, 1866; m. Dec. 6. 
17. IS65. V'^^, iLvtiest A. Frary, 


Samuel H., b. May 18, 1868; m. Apr. 1901, Julius H. Trott of Amh. One 

8, 1908, Alice M. Clark of Nhn. ch., Ruth F. Trott, b. Jan. 27, 1903. 

Sarah M., b. Apr. 9, 1876 ; m. Oct. 3, 

52. Henry Hillman, s. of Horace Wiley (50), was b. Oct. 8, 
1843 ; m. June 7, 1866, Marietta Wade of Nhn., who was b. Dec. 
5, 1841. 

Ch.: Horace Wiley, b. Apr. 21, 1868. Myra Josephine, b. Mar. 19, 1871 ; m. 

Carrie Clark, b. Aug. 31, 1869; m. Oct. 30, 1894, Charles Edward 

Nov. 6, 1900, Dr. Charles Cobb of Warner of Hat. 

Boston. Edgar Henry, b. Mar. 31, 1873. 

53 Horace Wiley, s. of Henry Hillman (52), was b. Apr. 21, 
1868; m. (1) Oct. 2, 1890, Clara Hines of Boston; m. (2) June 17, 
1896, Mabel, dau. of M. L. Graves of Nhn. 

Ch. (by Clara Hines) : Rachel Hines, ron, b. Aug. 31, 1904. 

b. Dec. 2, 1894. Katherine, b. Mar. 12, 1908. 

Ch. (by Mabel Graves) : Harold My- 

54. Edgar Henry, s. of Henry Hillman (52), was b. Mar. 31, 
1873 ; m. Nov. 9, 1897, Jessie May Ingram of So. Dfd. 

Ch.: Marjorie, b. Aug. 26, 1899. Robert Gillman, b. June 1, 1905. 

55. Capt. Jonathan, s. of Capt. Joseph (5), was b. in Hat., 
Oct. 13, 1697; m. (1) Mar. 30, 1721, Mary Billings, dau. of Ebe- 
nezer and Hannah (Church) Billings. She was b. May 24, 1701 ; d. 
June 3, 1736. He m. (2) Esther, dau. of Joseph and Canada 
(Waite) Smith. He rem. to Leverett in 1752 and sett, in Long 
Plain, so called. 

Ch. (by Mary Billings) : Eunice, b. Hubbard ; m. (2) Margary Knowl- 

Mar. 12, 1723 ; m. John Ballard. ton Lotheredge. 

Joanna, b. Dec. 11, 1725; m. Jan. 31, William and Jonathan, twins, b. Aug. 

1753, Daniel Graves. 15, 1750. William m. (1) Dorothy 

Lydia, b. Jan. 1, 1731; m. (1) Nov. Kellogg; m. (2) Editha Tracy. 

'20, 1750, Thos. Chapin ; m. (2) Jonathan m. Sarah Kellogg. 

Mar. 14, 1814, John Amsden. Editha, b. Dec, 1752 ; m. Giles Hub- 
Mary, b. July 11, 1734: m. Seth bard. 

Warner; d. Feb. 21, 1829. Moses, b. Sept., 1754; m. Mary Spell- 

Ch. (by Esther Smith) : Daughter, b. man. 

Mar. 7. 1740; d. Mar. 7, 1740. Esther, b. Feb. 6. 1764; m. Joseph 

Seth, b. Mar. 13, 1741; m. (1) Mary Bodman; d. 1820. 

56. Jonathan, s. of Capt. Jonathan (55), was b. Aug. 15, 
1750; d. Nov. 22, 1833; m. Sept. 6, 1773, Sarah, dau. of Ephraim 
and Sarah (Hawlev) Kellogg of Amh. She was bap. Sept. 30, 
1753 ; d. Jan. 14, 1832. 

Ch.: Lucius, b. May 31, 1774; d. Feb. Kingsley. 

8. 1775. Sarah, b. June 23, 1782; m. (1) Rufus 

Sylvanus. b. Feb. 26, 1776; m. Cyn- Field of Leverett; m. (2) Jonathan 

thia Field. Conant ; d. Apr. 20, 1844. 

Lucius, b. Jan. 6, 1778; m. Virtue Alpheus, b. June 26, 1786; m. Caro- 

Ashley. line Adams. 
Levi, b. Feb. 13, 1780; m. Rachel 

57. Lucius, s. of Jonathan (56), was b. Jan. 6, 1778, in Lev- 
erett; was a tavern keeper. He d. Aug. 26, 1856. He m. Nov. 5, 


1806, \'irtue Ashley of Sund., who was b. Aug. 6, 1784, and d. 
Nov. 1, 1834. 

Ch.: Aiirelia, b. Nov. 15, 1807; m. was b. Sept. 13, 1802; d. Mar. 28» 

Dec. 13. 1833, Stilman Fi.eld. 1883. She d. Feb. 14, 1878. 

Cynthia, b. July 28, 1810; m. Dec. 12, Harrison, b. June 13, 1813; m. Pcrsis 

1833, Elijah Bardwell of Hat. He Jerusha Moore. 

58. Silas S. Dwight, s. of Henry and Flora (Field) Dwight 
and grandson of Orange Field (20), was b. Nov. 19, 1849; m. May 
7, 1872, Isabel L. Parsons. 

Ch.: Benjamin P. Dwight, b. Dec. 23, Myron H. Dwight, b. Sept. 19, 1884. 



1. JOSEPH FITCH of Norwalk, Conn., 1652, rem. to Nhn. 
in 1655 and was chosen selectman the same year. In 1660 he rem. 
to Hart., was representative from 1662-1668, and then rem. to 
Windsor, Conn. He m. Mary, dau. of Rev. Samuel Stone. He d. 
abt. 1727. Little can be found as to his ch. 

Ch.: Joseph, Samuel, perhaps, 

Nathaniel, Mary, b. at Nhn., Jan., 1657/8. 

We find that Joseph ( 1 ) had two grandsons : — 

2. TosKPH, b. 1699 at East Windsor, Conn., where he d. Mar. 
26, 1789, a. 91, whose s. John (b. 1743, d. 1793) built the first 
steaml)oat in America in 1787, and 

3. Jonx, the second grandson of Joseph (1) (possibly a brother 
of Joseph, though there is no proof of this fact). He was b. 
at East Windsor, Conn., Mar. 14, 1702/3; m. Oct. 5, 1736, Lydia 
Scott, who was b. 1708. He sett, in Hat. He built the first oil 
mill in Massachusetts in 1737 ; had a patent from the province for 
fifteen years. 

Ch.: Ebcnczer, and four others. 

4. Ebenezer, s. of John (3), was b. at Hat., Dec. 16, 1745; d. 
Jan. 16, 1835: m. Aug. 8, 1770, Abigail Taylor of Suffield, Conn., 
who was b. a])t. 1745 and d. Sept. 5, 1818. a. 73. He surveyed lands 
in twenty towns in this vicinity from 1765 to 1825. 

Ch.: John, h. Mar. 31, 1772; d. Nov. 8, 1822. Moses Burt; m. (2) Aug. 

9, 1772. 30, 1842. Dr. Daniel White of Hat; 

Sophia, b. Dec. 8, 1774; m. Feb. 8, d. Feb. 10, 1870. 

1792, prob. John C. D. Minson. John. b. July 7, 1781. 

Abigail, b. Dec. 21. 1776; m. Mar. 10, Lvdia, b. Mar. 18, 1783; m. Nov. 8, 

1799, Sylvanus Smith. *1809, Fldad Stebbins ; d. Aug. 8, 

Sarah, b. Mar. 5, 1779; m. (1) Apr. 1812. 

5. loMX, s. of FJ)onezer (4). was b. ]u\v 7, 1781; d. Mar. 4. 
1847; ni. (1) Nov. 26, 1818, Rachel King (nee Applebee) of 
Will)rahani, who d. Apr. 'K 1833, a. 47. He m. (2) Sept. 3, 1834, 


Wealthy Jones of Williamsburg, who was b. Sept. 14, 1798, and 
d. Mar. 22, 1854. 

7/». ; John Taylor, b. Mar. 26, 1822. Whitney. 

Abby, b. Apr. 11, 1824; m. George O. George C., b. June 6, 1828. 

6. John Taylor, s. of John (5), was b. Mar. 26, 1822; d. May 
14, 1887 ; m. Mar. 3, 1842, Julia A. White of Williamsburg, who d. 
Aug. 11, 1909. 

Ch.: Maria L.. b. Aug. 29, 1845; m. Hervey W., b. Nov. 17, 1849; d. Mar. 
Nov. 23. 1864, Charles L. Warner. 18, 1853. 

7. George C. s. of John (5), was b. June 6, 1828; d. Oct. 7, 
1905; m. Sept. 21, 1848, Sarah Kingsley of Hat., who was b. Sept. 
9, 1827, and d. Mar. 3, 1902. 

Ch.: George W., b. June 29, 1849. 1889. Arthur L. Shumway of Amh. 

Ella E., b. Mar. 5, 1854; m. Feb. 20, Cora Belle, b. Nov. 22, 1870; m. Apr. 

1877, Benjamin M. Warner of Hat. 15, 1909, Edwin C. Spear of Spfd. 
Abby L., b. June 6, 1868; m. Mar. 24, 

8. George W., s. of George C. (7), was b. June 29, 1849; m. 
Nov., 1871. Nellie M. Dayton of Nhn. Residents of Amh. 

Ch.: Lena M., b. Apr. 6, 1874. 


1. JOHN FRARY, who came from England and sett, in Ded- 

ham and from thence to Medfield, m. Prudence . He d. June 

14, 1695. 

Ch.: Tlieophilus. Isaac. 

Sampson. Samuel. 

Mary. Eleazer. 

2. Ens. Eleazer, s. of John (1), was b. abt. 1643 at Medfield; 
d. Dec. 19, 1709; m. Jan. 28, 1666, Mary, dau. of Isaac and Mary 
Graves of Hat. He came to Hat. in 1661. 

Ch.: Isaac, b. Mar. 2. 1686. Prudence. 

Jonathan, b. Nov. 13, 1689. Hannah. 

Eleazer, d. soon. Eleazer. 

3. Isaac, s. of Eleazer (2), was b. at Hat., Mar. 2, 1686; d. 
1760; m. Dec. 8, 1715, Lydia, dau. of Jonathan Parsons of Nhn.; 
res. in Hat. 

Ch.: Eleazer. b. Dec. 19, 1716, Lydia, 

Phineas, b. Apr. 20, 1718; d. Dec. 27, Hannah. 

1782. Martha. 

Moses, b. abt. 1720. Mary. 
Elisha, 'b. Aug. 18, 1729. 

4. Eleazer, s. of Isaac (3), was b. Dec. 19, 1716; d. 1801; 
m. (n 1745. Deborah Chapin of Spfd.; m. (2) Margaret Scott. 


Ch.: Eleazer, b. Jan. 2, 1752. Mary. in. John Waite of What.; d. 

Nathaniel, b. abt. 1754; d. 1832. a. 96. 

Seth. b. Sept. 2. 1758; d. Feb. 24. E 
1847, a. 88. S 

5. Capt. Setii, s. of Eleazer (4), was b. at Hat., Sept. 2. 1758; 
went to What, in 1775. He lived with and cared for Noah Coleman 
and received his estate. He m. Jan. 1, 1779, Esther, dau, of Master 
David Scott of What. She was h, July 20, 1761 ; d. Aug. 14, 1827. 
He d. Feb. 24, 1S47. He was a Revolutionary soldier. 
Ch.: Thomas, h. Feb. 12. 1780. 1832. 

Seth, b, Oct. 27, 1783. Noah C, b. Jan. 27. 1795; d. soon, 

Dexler, b. Aug. 10, 1786. Electa, b. Oct. 5, 1796; m, Oliver 

Esther, b- July 6. 1789; m. Lemuel Graves, Jan. 19, 1815; d, Dec. 26, 

Coolev. Feb, 12, 181 1; d. Aug. 24, 1847. 

1871. ■ Eleaier. b. Feb. 3, 1799. 

" " ' Patty, b. Dec. 12, 1801 ; in. Eli Tha>-er 

of No. Hat. 

6. T(r(iM.\s, s. of Capt. Seth (5). was b. at What., Feb. 12, 
1780; d. Si-i)t. ZK m,H: m. N'ov. 29. 1801, Sarah, dau. of Tuslin and 
Esihcr (Harding) Morton of What. She was b. June 22. 1784; 
d. Jan, 2K 1875. 
Ch.: Li-«k M.. b. Jan, 11, 1806; m, nu? Strong of Hat,; d. Feb- 9. 

KliM Ann Wailc. 1890. 

Miiierv,-L. 1.. Fi-b. 16, 1808 ; ni. Jost-ph Thomas, b, Feb, 8, 1816 ; d, Nov, 6, 

R. .\lilL.,ti of Hiit. ; cl, 1856. 1864, while a soldier in Co. D, 27ih 

Goortri, t. Sorit. in, 1811: m. Mar, 30, Rcjriment. M.V.M., in the Civil 

1H.V. L A. C. H:L>vk.'^. war, 

W/rniid.i, h. Dec. 14, 1S13: nv Parme- SwwvA U,. b. May 21. 1818. 


11, 1825; m. Lucius G. Wealthy, b. Dec. 1, 1830; m. Dec. 24, 

ug. 4, 1888. 1850, Theodore Porter ; d. Dec. 1, 

ipt. 21, 1828; d. unm. 1897. 


d Amitie Houghton Gerry of Lancaster, served in the 
y war and sett, in Hat. abt. 1780. He was bap. Dec. 
d. Nov. 13, 1830, a. 75. He m. Nov. 28, 1782, Martha, 
a Waite. She was b. 1760 and d. Oct. 11, 1845. 

b. 1783; m. Salmon Lucretia, b. 1793; d. 1795. 

Lucretia, b. 1795; d. 1851. 
6; rem. to Mich. Polly, b. 1797; d. 1883; m. Thaddeus 

7; d. Mar. 24, 1870, a. Graves. 

Jonathan Houghton, b. 1800; rem. to 
; rem. to Mo. Avon, N. Y. 

1791 ; rem. to N. Y. Elisha V^aite. b. 1803 ; d. 1892, at Au- 
burn, N. Y. 

[EN, s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. 1786 and rem. to Mich. 


', s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. 1789 and rem. to Mo. 

Pauline. ^ 

HAN Houghton, s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. 1800 and 
1, N. Y. 


XYDON, s. of Nathaniel (1), was b. 1791 and d. 1850. 
la Avery. She d. 1885. 

a, m. Burr. Waite, b. 1824 ; d. 1907. 

E, s. of Euroclydon (5), was b. 1824 and d. 1907. He 
reek. She d. Sept. 28, 1908. Rem. to California. 

b. 1851. Lucetta, b. 1860. 

♦. Ellsworth E., b. 1863. 

Edmund W. Res. in Ventura, Cal. 


MAS GRAVES was b. in England and came to New 

:h his wife and five ch. before 1645. The children's 

Isaac, John, Samuel, Nathaniel, and Elizabeth. He 

Wethcrsficld to Hat. in 1661 with his sons Isaac and 

. Isaac, s. of Thomas CI), was b. in England prob. as 


early as 1620. He m. Mary, dau. of Richard and Anna Church. 
He was k. in the Indian attack on Hat.. Sept. 19, 1677. 

Benjamin Hastings^ d. Feb. 8, 1697. 

John, b. 1664. 

Hannah and Jonathan, twins, b. Jan. 
24, 1666. Hannah m. William 
Sackett of Wfd. 

Mehitable, b. Oct. 1, 1671 ; m. (1) 
Jan. 29, 1690, Richard Morton ; m. 
(2) William Wonhington of Col- 
chester; d. Mar. 22, 1742. 

Ch.: Mary, b. July S, 1647; m. Jan. 
28. 1665, Eleaier Frary. 

Isaac, b, .Aug. 22, 1650; d. unm. be- 
fore 1677. 

Rebecca, b. Julv 3. 1652 or 16S3 ; d. 
unm- before 1677. 

Samuel, b. Oct. 1, 1655. 

Sarah, m. Apr, 27, 1677, Benjamin 

Elizalwih, b. Jan. 24, 1661 ; m. 1683. 

3. JoHX, s. of Thomas (1), was b. in England; m. (1) Mary, 
dan. of I-ient. Samuel Smith; m. (2) Mary Wyatt, dau. of John 
Bronson and wid. of John Wyatt of Haddatn, Conn. He was in 
Hat., 1661, and was k. in the Indian attack on Hat., Sept. 19. 1677. 
Hi.s wid. m. (3) Lieut. William Allis, June 25, 1678, and (4) Capt. 
Samuel Gavlord. 

Ch: John, b. abt. 1653. 
Marv. b. abt. 1654; ni 
Ball; m. 1.2) Benjan 
Isaac, b. abt. 1655. 
Samuel, b. abt, 1657. 
Sarah, b. abt. 1659. 
Elizabeth, b. Dec. 

1662, at Hat.; 

m. Thomas Jones. 
Daniel, b. Dec. 7, 1664, at Hat 
Ebeneier. b. Nov. 20, 1666, at Hat 
Beihiah, b. Jan. 7, 1668, at Hat; d 

Jan. 21. 1668. 
Nathaniel, b. June 10, 1671, at Htt. 

4. roiiN. s. of Isaac (2), was b. 1664; d. 1746; m. Sarah. datLof 
John li^iks of Chelmsford, Oct. 26, 1686. 

Ch..- Isaac, b. Julv 10,1688. 
Benjamin, b. .\ng. 12, 1689. 
Sarah, b. 1691. 
Jemima, b. .Apr. 30. 1693; m. (1) 

Mav 5. 1715. John Graves; m. (2) 

Mar. 17. 1720, Elea«r Allis of Hat. 
Marv, b, Nov. 9. 1695; m. (1) July 

23, 1719, Jonathan Frary; tp. (2). 

Eliakim King of New Hampshin. 
Elnaihan, b. Aug. 20, 1699. 
Hannah, b. June 4. 1701 : m. EIuttT 

King of Dfd, 
Eunice, b. Scot 29. 1703. 
Aaron, b. Feb. 2, 1707, 

5. F.Lx.\Tii.\N-. s. of John (4), was b, Aug. 20, 1699, m Btt,; 
d. I'cli, 17, 1785; m. (1) Martha, dau. of Nathaniel Dicknis«|.o( 
Hat- She d. Tan. 9. 1756. He m. (2) Dorothy, (lau. of 
She d. May 9, 1800. 

Morion an<l wid. of John Eelden. 

CIr: S,-ih. h. Doc. 17, 1727; m. Mary, 
dau. ni C"l. Jobn Dickinson. 

Pcri.?, h. .\,,r. Z6. 1730. 

Sil.i-. I.. I'ch. 8, I7.-i2; m, Hannah. 
'kiu -t lolin Fii.Ocl; d- Mar. 2, 

Lucv, b. May 8. i7.'4, m Dec. » 

17'58. Benjamin Wdk; d Sept 21 

Martha, b. Feb, 26, 1739; m. Det 24 

1758, John Nash of Williamsborg; 

d. Dec, 1804. 

6, Cm't, i'l-RHz. s. of Elnathan (5). was b. Apr. 26, 1730; d. in 
Hat- Dec. 17. 180"): m. fl ) May 16. 1754, Martha, dau. of Samuel 
Gili^-it ni Hat. She li. Oct, 28, 179.^. He m. (2) Feb. 19, 1795, 
Zeruiali, dan. of FJ)enczer Cole and wid. of Lieut. Elihu White. 
She wa^i h, Xov. 30, 1741, and d. Dec. 13, 1820. He was a captain " 
in ilk- Kcvniuiionarv war. 


Ch.: Samuel, b. May 4, I75S. 

Elisha, b. Sept. 2, 1757. 

Martha, b. Apr, 28. 17S9; m. Moses 
Montague of So. Had, ; d. Jan. S, 

Perez, b. Jan. 2. 1761 ; m. (I) Eunice 
Bryant; m. (2) June 6, 180S. Ex- 
perience Parsons ; d. Nov. 28, 1848. 

Elnathan, b. Feb. 2, 1763; m. 1792, 

Lvdia Pomeroy ; d. June. 1827. 
William, b. Feb. 11. 1766; clergyman 

in Woodstock, Conn.; m. (1) Pa- 

melia Forward, who d. July 21. 

1806; m. (2) Adelia Clapp. He d. 

Aug. 26. 1813. 
Solomon, b. Mar. 12, 1768. 
Levi, b. Jan. 12. 1771. 
Timothy, b. Apr. 30, 1775. 

7. SiL.\s. s. of Elnathan (5), was b. at Hat.. Feb. 8. 1732; d. 
Mar. 2, 1816; m. Hannah, dau. of John and Editha (Dickinson) 
Field. She was b. Oct. 5, 1740. and d. Oct. 5. 1818. He was in 
Capt. Perez Graves' company in 1775: in Capt. Salmon White's 
company in 1776; and in Capt. Seth Murray's company in 1777, — 
Col. Israel Chapin's regiment. 

Ch.: Roxana. b. Dee. 17. 1769; m. 

Apr, 17, 1808. Chas. Starkweather; 

d. Jan. S. 1847. 
Lemuel, b. Dec. 28. 1772; d. Aug. IS, 

I^muel, I. Sept, 23, 177S; d. unm. 

Dec, 17. 1802. 
Hannah, b. Mar. 6. 1778; m. Nov, 2, 

1820. Elisha Waite of Hat.; d. Oct. 

15, 1825. 
Silas, b. Sept- 17. 1780 1 <1. Nov. 16, 

1823. witlinut issne. 

8. Solomon, s. of Capt. Perez (6), was b. Mar. 12, 1768; d. 
Oct. 8. 1843; m. Dec. 4. 17<)3, Esther, dau. of Ebenezer and Sarah 
(Cooleyj Bliss of Eonpneadow. She was b. 1763 ; d. May 26. 1839. 



Ch. (b. at Hat.) ; Thaddeus, b. Sept. 

11. 1794. 
Eliza, b. June 26, 1796; m. John 

Wells of Williamsburg. 
Solo[iioii. b. Dec. 3, 1798. 

Ebenezer, b. Mar. 31, 1801. 

William, b. Oct. 30. 1804; d. May 3. 
1825. while pursuing his college 
course at Williams College. 

9 s. of Capt. Perez (6), was b. Jan. 12, 1771 ; d. at Hat, 
Nov. 10. 18.S8: 111. Nov. 22, 1798, Mary. dan. of Jonathan and Bath- 
sheba Smitli of So. Had. She was b. Mar., 1773, and d. Mar. 23, 


Ch. (b. at Hat.) : Harvey, b. .\U8. 4, 1 

10, 1800- ■ ■ 

Mary, b. Mar. 5. 1803; m. Dec. < 

1824, Silas of Hat.; d. Jan. 

10 Timothy, s. of Capt. Perez (6), was b. Apr. 30, 1775: d. 
June 17, 183!): m. I^ydia Graves of Middlefield, who d. Oct. 9, 1863, 

I. Avg. 

Ii. (b. at Hal.) ; Child, b. Julv 13, 
1806; d. Jan. 15. 1807, 

IHOS: ni, Mav 1. 

:bo'K-k ; d. Julv 2, 

Pbebe, b, J; 
1828. Ik-ni 

Martha, b. I 

n. Ti 

, 1810; d. 1 
c 1.1. 1811 

Alniira. b. Dec. 6, 1813 ; d. ui 

10, 1840. 
Lemuel, b. Feb. 17, 1816; 

Mar. 17, 1847. 
S.inmfl, b. June 2, 1818. 
LpoilwI, h. Apr, 22, 1821: 

14. 1822, 
r:ii7,i. b. .\pr., 1823; prob. m 

1S44. Mr. Marsh. 

i June 
Mar. 7, 

. May 22. 

i S.i\\\ (8V was b. Sept. 11, 1794; d. 


Sept. 12, 1831; m. Mar. 21, 1821, Polly, dau. of Nathan Gerry of 
Hat. She was b. Sept. 3, 1797, and d. Mar. 12, 1883. 

Ch. (b. at Hat.) : Maria, b. Jan. 13, Brooklyn, N. Y.; res. in Dfd. 

1822; d. Sept. 13, 1840. Fanny, b. June 6, 1828; d. Nov. 7, 

Exiwin, b. Jan. 3, 1824. 1884 ; was a teacher of f reedmen. 

Mary Esther, b. Jan. 13, 1826; m. Martha Ann, b. Dec, 1830; d. Sept. 

May 15, 1850, Sylvanus Miller of 1, 1833. 

12. Solomon, s. of Solomon (8), was b. Dec. 3, 1798; d. June 
25, 1867; m. (1) Nov. 25, 1824, Pamelia, dau. of John Osborne of 
Had. She was b. Dec. 2, 1803, and d. Feb. 23, 1826. He m. (2) 
Sophia, dau. of Consider and Mercy Morton of What. She was b. 
Nov. 5, 1801, and d. June 15, 1880. 

Ch. (b. at Hat.) : William O., b. Dec. Thaddeus, b. Nov. 1, 1834. 
22, 1825; m. Louisa Smith of Sophia, b. June 4, 1836; m. Mar. 29, 
Amh.; no ch. 1859, E. J. King; d. Jan. 11, 1872. 

13. Ebenezer, s. of Solomon (8), was b. Mar. 31, 1801; d. 
Feb. 1, 1861, at Albion, Mich.; m. (1) July 2, 1827, Rowena, dau. 
of Capt. John Wells of Williamsburg. She d. Sept. 20, 1834, a. 33. 
He m. (2) Feb. 4, 1836, Emily, dau. of Hubbard Lawrence of 
St. Johnsbury, Vt. She was b. May 11, 1810, and d. Apr. 31, 1884. 

CA. (b. at Hat. [by Rowena Wells]) : Ch. (b. at Hat. [by Emily Law- 
James, b. June 23, 1828. •rence]) : Clarissa Bliss, b. Feb. 23, 

Ebenezer Wells, b. July 6, 1830; m. 1837; m. Jan. 24, 1866, George H. 

May 22, 1870, Mrs. Mary E. Gerow ; Smith ; res. in South Haven, Mich. 
d. Apr., 1891. 

14. Harvey, s. of Levi (9), was b. Aug. 10, 1800; d. at Grand 
Rapids, Mich., Feb. 21, 1888; m. Dec. 21. 1824, Eliza Ann, dau. of 
Remembrance Bardwell of Hat. She was b. Oct. 22, 1804, and d. at 
Paris, Mich., Apr. 20, 1878. 

Ch. (first six b. in Hat, two youngest Lewis Cass. b. Mar. 31, 1835; d. unm. 

in Greece, N. Y.) : Esther, b. Oct. June 23, 1856. 

10. 1825; m. May 22, 1855, James Almira Tanc. b. Apr. 6, 1840; m. Dec. 

W. Ransom of Wilson. N. Y. 2. 1868. Rev. T. P. Lamont of 

Dwight Lathrop. b. Oct. 22. 1827; m. Rockville, 111. 

Nov. 4, 1857, Sarah Jane Fowler. Frances, b. May 29, 1842; d. young. 

Edward Livingston, b. Nov. 29, 1829; Frank Harvev. b. Julv 15. 1844; m. 

m. Dec. 6. 1871. Mattie A. Lamont; Mar. 13. 1872. Frankie Ransom of 

d. Aor. 16, 1878. Big Rapids, Mich. 

Ann Eliza, b. Aug. 16, 1832. 

15. Levi. s. of Levi (9). was b. Jan. 13, 1810; d. Oct. 28, 1867; 
m. Nov. 9, 1836, Tabitha Clark, dau. of David Field of Con. She 
was b. Feb. 12, 1814, and d. July 25, 1876. Rem. to Spfd. in 1860. 

Ch. (b. at Hat.): Loui«?a Field, b. (2) abt. 1872, Edwin T. Putnam; 

Oct. 16. 1838: d. Dec. 7. 1850. ^ d. Sent. 24, 1906. 

Myron C. and Maria C. twins, S. Mary Louisa, b. Feb. 18, 1857; re- 

june 13. 1841. Maria C. m. (\) sides in Spfd., Mass. 

abt. 1862, Chas. H. Quimby; m. 

16. De.a. Jox.\tit.\n Smith, s. of Levi (9). was b. Apr. 23, 
1818; d. Feb. 26. 1883; m. Jan. 17, 1844. Caroline, dau. of ^ustlt\ 


Smith of What. She was h. at Charlemont, Nov. 22. 1825, and d, 
at Hat., Aug. 7, 1908. 

Ch.: Son, b. Sept, 28, 1845; d. nex 

Alfred Howard, b. .Aug. 7, 1847. 
Abby Frances, b. May 6. I8S0; n 

Dee. 6, 1871, George A. Billings. 
Loui<:a Malinda, b. Apr. 19, 1853; a 

July 2, 1878. Rev. Edward S. Tead; 
d, Nov. 24, 1887. 
Carrie Elizabeth, b. Oct- 26. 1857; m 
Oct. 22. 1879. Roswell Billings of 




^■Iv ^^ 

^^^^^^^^H^^^k^ ^ 

17. S.vMUKi., s. of Timothv (10). was b. June 2, 1818; d. Aug. 
12, 1870 ; m. IX-c. 'J. 1841, Diaiitha Bunce of Williamsburg, who was 
b. Nov. 3, 1819. and d. Nov. 19, 1878. 

a. (b. at Ha 

.): Mary Jane, b. Oct. 


. 7. 1860. 

18, 1843; ri- 

ides in Hart. 


e! Edward, b. Feb. 4. 1856; 

Oiarlcs Uiiii 

d, h. .\ug. 21. 1847. 


V 23. 1882, 

Sarali ImI.i-I, 

h. Sui>t. X). 1853; d. 

18. Si:rc;t. Mdwin. s. of Thaddeus fll). was b. Jan. 3, 1824. 
He wa.^ a tnernluT of the 37th Regiment. M.V.M., and was wounded 
in the battle of the Wilderness, May 6, 1864, and d. May 21, 1864, 
He n>. Ian, 26. 184.=i, Ursula D. Moodv. who was b. Mar, 24, 1824. 

and d. At Hat,, .Mar, 27, 1886. 

Ch. (b. at Ilat.): KUa M., b. Sept. 

Jnne 8, 1860, 

2. 184-3: .l. Mar. 11, 1889. 

I'dvvin Moody, b. Mar, 28, 1856, 

Fannv Lonisa, b. .\ub. 8, 1851 ; m. 

GcorKc b, ,Apr, 7. 1860; m, Aug. 4 

Jnne 1, 1887, Rr)SMtll Hnbbard ot 

1887, .\nnie McOeary Billings ; re- 


sides in Cleveland, Ohio. 

S3r,l/i OlfWa, b, Dec. 13, \853-, &. 


19. Thaddeus, s. of Solomon (12), was b. Nov. 1, 1834; ni. 
Nov. 2, 1866, Mary A., dau. of John and Clarissa Hubbard. She 
was b. Aug. 11, 1834. 

Ch. (b. at Hat): Clara Louisa, b. Anna Myers, b. Sept. 17, 1872; m. 

Oct. 9, 1867 ; m. Nov. 4. 1891, Wil- Apr. 3, 1900, Howard W. Dickin- 

Ham C. Dickinson of Hat son. 

Laura Halstead, b. June 24, 1869. Thaddeus, Jr., b. May 27, 1874. 

Mary Augusta Lennox, b. May 27, Perry Mills, b. Nov. 19, 1877 ; d. June 

1871; m. Mar. 5, 1895, John Carl. 25, 1878. 

He d. Dec. 29, 1909. 

20. Myron C, s. of Levi (15), was b. June 13, 1841 ; d. Aiig. 3, 
1909; m. (1) Mar. 8, 1865, Hattie C, dau. of Richard B. Davis of 
Nhn. She d. Jan. 1, 1894. He m. (2) Oct. 17, 1894, Augusta A., 
dau. of Moses C. Porter of Hat. 

Ch, (b. at Spfd.) : Wallace Foote, b. Flora Wells, b. Feb. 8, 1870; m. Oct 

Jan. 6, 1866; d. same day. , 23, 1889, Walter D. Phelps of Spfd. 

Alice Cutter, b. Aug. 3, 1868 ; m. Hattie Louisa, b. July 3, 1876. . 

Nov. 16, 1887, Myron O. Cowles of Marion Putnam, b. Mar. 29, 1^79. 

21. Alfred Howard, s. of Dea. Jonathan S. (16), was b. Aug. 
7, 1847; m. Dec. 14, 1870, Anna Hunt, dau. of John Barnard and 
Rebecca McCullum Breed of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ch. (b. at Hat) : Howard Morton, b. Minnie Reba, b. Dec. 10, 1879; m. 

Dec 14, 1872. Robert L. Belden of Hat 

Murray Breed, b. Sept. 19, 1874. 

22. Charles Lemuel, s. of Samuel (17), was b. Aug. 21, 1847 ; 
d. Apr. 14, 1907; m. (1) Nov. 11, 1868, Fanny A. Hamilton of 
Maine, who was b. Feb. 26, 1850, and d. Apr. 3, 1879; m. (2) Oct. 
7, 1880, Susan H. Wing of Brewer, Me., who was b. July 22. 1851. 

Ch. (h. at Hat. [by Fanny Hamil- Charles Edward, b. Feb. 22, 1885. 

ton]) : Fannv M., b. Aug. 31, 1872. Eva Wing, b. Dec. 24, 1886. 
Ch. (b. at Hat. [by Susan Wing]) : 

23. Edwin Moody, s. of Sergt. Edwin (18), was b. Mar. 28, 
1856; d. May 27, 1907; m. June 28, 1877, Carrie L., dau. of William 
B. and Sarah Langdon of Hat. She was b. Apr. 16, 1856. 

Ch.: Edwin Langdon, b. Nov. 12, Rupert D., b. Jan. 6, 1884. 

1880. Walter Leroy. b. Mar. 7, 1890. 

Ursula, b. Aug. 21, 1882. 

24. Thaddeus, Jr., s. of Thaddeus (19), was b. May 27, 1874; 
m. Nov. 15, 1902, Cora, dau. of Edmund King of Sandusky, Ohio. 

Ch. (b. at Hat) : Elizabeth, b. Nov. Edmund King, b. Feb. 17, 1905. 
24, 1903. Janet, b. Oct. 6, 1906. 

25 Howard Morton, s. of Alfred Howard (21), was b. Dec. 
14, 1872; m. June 30. 1897, Anna Whitfield of Oneida, N. Y. They 
reside in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Ch.: Howard Whitfield, b. Aug. 20, 1904. 



26. Murray Breed, s. of Alfred Howard (21), was b. Sept. 19, 
1874 ; m. July 8, 1903, Emma, dau. of Charles A. Jones of Hat. 

Ch.: Robert Jones, b. Apr. 5, 1904. Alfred Murray, b. Feb. 19, 1906. 

27. Rupert D., s. of Edwin Moody (23), was b. Jan. 6, 1884; 
m. Catherine Helen Murphy of Hat., who was b. July 26, 1887. 

Ch.: Harold Dudley, b. Mar. 11, 1906. 

28. Nathaniel, s. of John (3), was b. June 10, 1671 ; d. abt 
1757 ; m. Apr. 30, 1702, Rebecca, dau. of John AUis of Hat. She 
was b. Apr. 16, 1683. Res. in Hat. 

Ch.: Rebecca, b. Oct 25, 1703. 

Mary, b. Feb. 22, 1706; m. Isaac 
Graves (2d wife) ; d. Mar. 18, 1787. 

Nathaniel, b. Nov. 16, 1707; m. Han- 
nah Smith. 

Ruth, b. Aug. 16, 1709. 

Eleazer, b. Dec. 12, 1711 ; m. Oct. 1, 

1736, Sarah Beldcn; d. Sept 24, 
Israel, b. June 23, 1716; m. July 15, 
1756, Eunice Waite; d. Sept 8, 
, Oliver, b. Aug. 6, 1725. 

29. Dea. Oliver, s. of Nathaniel (28), was b. Aug. 6, 1725; 
d. Aug. 30, 1810; m. Jan. 24, 1754, Rebecca, dau. of John Smith of 
Hat. She was b. May 4, 1732, and d. Feb. 25, 1825. Res. in What 
He was in the French war, 1757, in Lieut. Billings' company, and 
a member of the first provincial congress. 

Ch.: Selah, b. May 24, 1755; m. 1785, 
Mary Strong ; d. Aug. 31, 1827. 

Rebecca, b. Oct 19, 1756; m. Jona- 
than Edson ; rem. to Brookfield, Vt 

Ruth, b. Nov. 4, 1758; m. Josiah 
Davis, Feb. 17, 1782; rem. to Buck- 

Oliver, b. Feb. 9, 1761; m. Jan. 26. 
1794, Abigail Graves; d. Dec. 10, 

Martha, b. Jan. 19, 1763; m. Jan. 9, 

1794, Giles Adkins. 
Electa, b. Dec. 27, 1764 ; m. Mar. 9, 

1787, Solomon Adkins. 
Salmon, b. Mar. 24, 1767 ; m. Jan. 30, 

1794, Experience Arms ; d. Dec 28, 

Elijah, b. Apr. 24, 1769. 
Mercy, b. Aug. 27, 1771 ; m. Timothv 

Edson ; d. Mar. 25, 1841. 
Judith, b. Dec. 27, 1775; m. Feb. 4, 

1796, Asa Smith of What 

30. Elijah, s. of Dea. Oliver (29), was b. Apr. 24, 1769; d. 
Aug. 31, 1830; m. Apr. 10, 1809, Lucy, dau. of Graves and Eunice 
(Graves) Crafts. She was b. Nov. 28, 1784, and d. Aug. 31, 1830. 
Res. in What. 

Ch.: Jerry, b. Apr. 24, 1809; m. Apr. Rebecca, b. July 2, 1813; m. Apr. 30, 

19, 1835, Electa Dickinson; d. Apr. 1841. John F. Bardwell of Shel- 

7. 1862. burne. 

Oliver, b. July 19, 1811. 

31. Oliver, s. of Elijah (30), was b. July 19, 1811 ; d. Jan. 18, 
1840; m. Apr. 27, 1837, Clarissa Eliza, dau. of Horace W. Warner 
of Xhn. Res. in What. She m. (2) Calvin B. Marsh of Hat. and 

d. Feb. 4, 1888. 

C!t.: Hcnrv Graves Moore, b. Jan. 1, Oliver Stanley, b. Aug. 15, 1840. 

32. Hhnry (Graves Moork. s. of Oliver (31), was b. Jan. 1. 
IS^^l His father dying \u 1840, he was adopted by Mr. Moore and 


name changed. He m. (1) Electa S., dau. of Austin S. Jones of 
Hat. She was b. Aug. 6, 1842, and d. July 5, 1880. He m. (2) 
Mar. 29, 1883, Almira E. Parsons of Nhn., who was b. Jan. 14, 
1851. Resides in Bradstreet. 

Ch. (by Electa S. Jones) : Jennie E. Parsons Moore, b. Mar. 19, 1885. 

Moore, b. Dec. 30, 1866; m. Arthur Helen Letitia Moore, b. Sept 10, 

Bennett of Monson. 1889. 
Ch. (by Almira E. Parsons) : Ethel 

33. Oliver Stanley, s. of Oliver (31), was b. Aug. 15, 1840; 
m. Nov. 26, 1863, Martha, dau. of Abel W. Nash of What. She 
was b. in What., Apr. 22, 1842. No ch. living. 


1. THOMAS HASTINGS was b. in Watertown, July 1, 1652, 
s. of Thomas. He was a physician and sett, in Hat., where he d. 
July 23, 1712, a. 60. He m. (1) Oct. 10, 1672, Anna, dau. of John 
Hawkes. She d. Oct. 25, 1705. He m. (2) Feb. 14, 1706, Mary, 
dau. of David Burt of Nhn. She m. (2) May 17, 1713, Samuel 
Balding, and d. Apr. 13, 1734. 

Ch. (by Anna Hawkes) : Margaret, 25, 1714, John Burk. 

b. July 7, 1674; m. May 7, 1707. John, b. Sept. 17, 1689. 

Nathaniel Evetts. Ch. (by Mary Burt) : Silence, b. Feb. 

Hannah, b. Jan. 19, 1677; m. Samuel 26, 1707; m. Josiah Hadlock. 

Gillett. Thankful, b. May 5, 1711 ; d. July 15, 

Thomas, b. Sept. 24, 1679. 1711. 

Hepzibah, b. Apr. 16, 1682; m. Apr. Sylvanus, b. Sept. 10, 1712; d. Feb. 

5, 1705, Jonathan Curtis. 27, 1713. 
Mehitable, b. Jan. 23, 1685; m. Nov. 

2. Thomas, s. of Thomas (1), was b. Sept. 24, 1679; d. Apr. 
14, 1728; was a physician in Hat. He m. Mar. 6, 1701, Mary, dau. 
of John Field of Hat. 

Ch.: Mary, b. Dec. 24, 1701; d. Jan. (Town Record). 

10, 1702 Waitstill, b. Jan. 3. 1714 

Thomas, b. Nov. 6, 1702; d. Nov. 4, Tabitha, b. Oct. 6, 1715; m. Jan. 4, 

1703. 1739, John Strickland. 

Mary. b. July 26, 1704; m. Nov. 13, Hopestill, b. Apr. 13, 1718. 

1729, Benjamin Billings. Dorothy, b. Mar. 20, 1720; d. Apr. 6, 

Anna. b. Oct. 13, 1706; m. White. 1720. 

Dorothy, b. July 27, 1709; d. July 29, Thomas, b. Jan. 28, 1721, 

1711. Lucy, b. Feb. 1, 1723; m. Jonathan 

Thomas, d. Dec. 12. 1713. a. VA Taylor. 

3. John, s. of Thomas (1), was b. Sept. 17, 1689; res. for some 
years in Hat., whence he rem. up the Connecticut River and was at 

Fort Dummer in 1735. He m. (1) Lydia , who d. June 21, 

1716; m. (2) Julv 4, 1720, Hannah, dau. of Dea. John White of 
Hat. She was b.'Mar. 26, 1695. 

Ch. (by Lvdia ) : Lvdia, b. 1714; Ch. (by Hannah White) : Sylvanus, 

d. Dec. 24, 1714. b. Mar. 22, 1721. 

Lvdia. b. June 8. 1716; d. July 5, John, b. Nov. 14, 1722. 

1716. Oliver, b. Nov. 22, 1724. 



Lemuel, b. Feb. 5, 1727. 
Hannah, b. July 28, 1729. 

Lydia, b. Aug. 19, 1732. 
Mehitable, b. 1735. 

4. Waitstill, s. of Dr. Thomas (2), was b. Jan. 3, 1714; was a 
physician in Hat., where he d. Apr. 22, 1748. He m. Oct. 1, 1736, 
Abigail, dau. of John Marsh of Had. She m. (2) Col. Buckley of 

Colchester, Conn. She m. (3) Rev. Little of Colchester, and 

d. as early as 1758. 

Ch.: John, b. Jan. 10, 1738. m. Nathaniel Kellogg. 

Abigail, b. Feb. 28, 1739; m. Solomon Mary, b. Jan. 10, 1744. 

Woolcott. Samuel, b. Mar. 14, 1747 ; d. Feb. 28, 

Hannah Barnard, b. Mar. 16, 1742; 1748. 

5. HoPESTiLL, s. of Dr. Thomas (2), was b. Apr. 13, 1718; d. 
Dec. 24, 1766. He m. Lydia Frary. She m. (2) Windsor Smith. 

Ch.: Abner, b. July 7, 1742; d. July 

10, 1742. 
Lydia, b. July 5, 1743; d. Oct. 5, 

Seth, b. Dec. 6, 1745. 
Lydia. b. Nov. 21, 1747; d. Oct. 4, 

Tabitha, b. Oct. 1, 1749; d. unm. in 

Amh. in 1795. 

Elihu, b. Aug. 17, 1751 ; d. unm. in 

Hat., Feb. 25, 1837. 
Elijah, b. June 6, 1753. 
Perez, b. Dec. 23, 1754. 
Hopestill, b. Oct. 30, 1756; d. Oct 

31, 1756. 
Oliver, b. Aug. 25, 1757; d. in Ham- 

mondsport, N. Y. 

6. Thomas, s. of Dr. Thomas (2), was b. Jan. 28, 1721; rem. 
abt. 1753 from Hat. to Amh., where he d. Jan. 22, 1787. He m. 
Mary, dau. of Joseph Belden of Hat. She d. July 31, 1801, a. 78. 

Ch.: Esther, b. Feb. 1, 1743; m. 

Ephraim Kellogg. 
Sarah, b. July 13, 1744; m. Jan. 17, 

1771, Nathaniel Alexander Smith. 

She d. Oct. 7, 1810. 
Thomas, b. May 20, 1746. 
Anna, b. Apr. 22, 1748; m. Jonathan 

Waitstill. b. May 8, 1750. 
Samuel, b. Mar. 1, 1752. 
Sybil, bap. Oct. 14, 1753; m. (1) 

Joseph Peck; m. (2) Timothy 

Green, Jr. 

Moses, bap. Aug. 31, 1755. 

Marv, bap. Apr. 24, 1757 : d. Aw. 24, 

Mary, bap. Aug. 12, 1759; tSL Dec 
30, 1779, Simeon Potneroy. 

Elisha, bap. Apr. 12, 1761; acciden- 
tally k. by his brother. 

Tabitha, m. Ethan Smitli. 

Lucv, bap. Mar. 31, 1765; d. nmn. 
Feb. 21, 1814. 

7. Hex. John, s. of Dr. Waitstill (4), was b. Jan. 10. 1738; d. 
Dec. 6. 1811. He was of Hat., a magistrate 34 years, and a repre- 
sentative and senator or counselor of Mass. 28 years. He m. Con- 
tent Little, who d. Apr. 9, 1829, in her 89th year. 

Ch.: John, b. Oct., 1765. 

Content, b. Sept. 14. 1767. 

Marv, b. Jan., 1769; m. Daniel Wait. 

Waitstill, b. May 14, 1771. 

Elizabeth, b. Mar. 7. 1773; d. unm. in 

Hat. Nov. 5. 1823. 
Abigail, b. May 7, 1775. 
Samuel, b. Apr., 1777. 
Ephraim, b. Nov. 17. 1780. 
Justin, b. Feb. 14, 1786. 

8. Pkrkz, s. of Hopestill (5), was b. Dec. 23, 1754. He was a 
blacksmith in Hat., where he d. Mar. 11, 1822. He m. Oct. 31. 
1787. I^lizal)eth. dau. of Dca. Salmon and Marv (Waitei White of 


Ch.: Eliiabeth, b. Nov. IS, 1788; m. Electa, b. Jan. IS. 1792; m. July 4, 

June, 1814, Horace Hastings; A. 1816, Dr. David Field. 

Aug. IS. 1837. Perez, b. May 29. 1794; m. May, 

EuroUs, b. May IS, 1790; m. Eroe 1822. Eunice Hastings; d. Apr. 26, 

Arms ; d. May 22. 18S8. 1852. 

9. John, s. of John (7), was b. Oct., 1765; d. May 2, 1845. 
He was a physician in Hat. He m. Feb. 1, 1790, Sybil Dickitisoti. 
She (1. July 29, 1843. 
Ch.: Chester, b. Dec. 2, 1790; m. well. 

Sept. 20. 1818, Lois Dickinson. Sybil, b. July 31, 1796; d. young. 

John. b. Dec. 22. 1791; m. Lueretia Justin, b. July 23. 1800; m. Dolly 

Ward. Waite of Hat. 

Mary. b. 1794; m. Dr. Chester Bard- Sophia, b. Nov. 10, 1802. 

10 Chester, s. of John (9), was b. Dec. 2. 1790; m. Sept. 20, 
1818, Loi.s D. Wells. He d. Aug. 15. 1857. She d. Dec. 25, 1867. 
Ch.: Norman D- b. Apr. 6, 1820; d. F.phraim L.. h. Sept. 9. 1822, 
Apr. 17. 1823- Oliadiah l>., h. July 31. 1825. 

11 Justin, s. of John (9), was b. Jiilv 23. 1800; d. Sept. 8, 

1884: m. Nov. 16. 1824. Dolly, dau. of Daniel Waite. She was b. 

Jan. 24, 1801 ; d. Apr. 13. 1880. 

Ch.: Harriet H,. b. Nov. 1. 1825; m. 1851. Silas G. Hubbard, He d. 

Apr. 16. 1845. Theo<l<ire Baggs. June 23. 1890, No ch. 

She d. Nov. 28. 1874, He .1. July Elk-n. b, Jan, 30. 1830: m. Nov. 5, 

19. 1894. No ch. 1851. Dexter Frary. She d. Oct. 9, 

Rhoda. b. Nov, 29, 1827; ni. Apr. 16. 1852 He d. in Nhn. No ch. 


12. Ephraim L., s. of Chester (10), was b. Sept. 9, 1822; d. 
Aug. 29, 1884. He m. Dec. 5, 1849, Julia D. Smith, who was b. 
May 25, 1827, and d. May 31, 1900. 

Ch.: Willard, b. Nov. 8, 1850; d. July Sarah Jane, b. Sept. 23, 1855. 

12, 1879. Frank D., b. Nov. 24, 1856; d. Dec 

George Lewis, b. Oct. 5, 1852; d. Apr. 18, 1882. 

17, 1905. 

13. Obadiah D., s. of Chester (10), was b. July 31, 1825; d. 
Oct. 29, 1867 ; m. Feb. 2, 1848, Sarah R. Hunt of Cabotville. 

Ch. : John Hunt, b. Dec. 16, 1848 ; d. Edward Hunt, b. July, 1855 ; d. Jan. 

in Michigan. 2, 1867, a. 11 years, 5 months, and 

Charles D., b. July, 1851 ; d. June 3, 19 days. 

1868, a. 16 years, 11 months, and 11 Sarah, m. in Michigan, William Rus- 

days. sell. 


1. JOHN HUBBARD, s. of George of WethersEeld, Milford, 
and Guilford, Conn., came from Wethersfield, Conn., to Hadley abt. 
1660 and d. abt. 1705. He m. Mary (perhaps Merriam of Con- 
cord), who survived him. 

Ch.: Mary, b. Jan. 27, 1651 ; d. young. 1685, Jonathan Boreman. 

John, b. Apr. 12, 1655. Isaac, b. Jan. 16, 1667. 

Hannah, b. Dec. 5, 1656; d. 1662. Mary, b. Apr. 10, 1669; m. 1688, 

Jonathan, b. Jan. 3, 1659; m. Daniel Warner. 

Merriam: d. 1728, a. 70. Sarah, b. Nov. 12. 1672; m. 1698, 

Daniel, b. Mar. 9, 1661. Samuel Cowles of Hat 
Mercy, b. Feb. 23, 1664; m. Oct. 12, 

2. Isaac, s. of John (1), sett, in Hat., whence in 1714 heTcm. 
to Sund., where he was a deacon. He was b. Jan. 16, 1667; d.'.Aiig. 
7 or 9, 1750, a. 83. He m. Ann, dau. of Daniel Warner. -Sie A 

June 26, 1750. "^^ 

Ch.: John. b. Apr. 20, 1693. Nathaniel Mattoon. . '.* 

Isaac, b. Jan. 14, 1695. Jonathan, b. Dec. 29, 1703; d. jMy 6, 

Marv, b. Feb. 25. 1697. 1765. 

Daniel, b. Apr. 30, 1699. Joseph, b. Apr. 8, 1708. 

Hannah, b. Sept. 7, 1701; m. 1727, David, b. Mar. 9, 1712. 


3. John. s. of Isaac (2) of Hat., was b. Apr. 20, 1693. He was 
a deacon and d. \ug. 25, 1778, a. 85. He m. Hannah Cowles of East 
Hartford. Conn., who (I. Feb. 19, 1777, in her 85th year. 

Ch.: Mary. b. July 28. 1719; m. Hannah, b. Mar. 28, 1724; d. Mar. 

Joseph Warner; rem. to dimming- 20, 1727. 

ton. John, b. Nov. 6, 1726; d. Nov. 28, 

Elisha, I). Sept. 4, 1721. 1794. 

4. Eli.^ha, .<^. of John (3) of Hat., was b. Sept. 4, 1721 ; d. Apr. 
11, 1768. a. 46. He m. Tune 7, 1748, T.iicv, dau. of Thomas Steams 
of Worcester. She was \>. Get. 6, 1727 v d'. May 7, 1816. 



CM.: Hannah, b. Feb. 2, 1750; m. 

Aug. 2, 1770, Simeon White, Jr.; 

d. Feb. 17. 1786. a. 36. 
Elisha, b. Nov. 12, 1751; d. Dec. 6, 

Lucy, b. Sept. 26, 1753; m. Gershom 

Clark Lyman. 
Anna, b. Dec. 26, 1755; m. Nov. 27, 

1799, Josiah Allis of What.; d. 

June 21, 1839, a. 83. 
Elisha, b. Sept. 13, 1758. 
Lueretia, b, Sept. 23, 1760; m. Epa- 

phroditus Champion of H add am, 

John.'b- 1764. 

5. John, s. of Elisha (4) of Hat., was b. in 1764; d. July 22, 
1804; m. Ruth, dau. of Elijah Dickinson. She was b. in 1764 and 
d. Nov. 24, 1837. 

Ch..- Steams, b. Jan. 23, 1791. 
RoswcU. b. Dec. 26, 1792. 
Louisa, b. June 8, 1796; d. unm 

Elijah, b. .Aug. 7, 1798, 
John. b. Nov. 4, 1800; 

6 Stearns, s. of John (5), was b. Jan. 23. 1791; d. July 7, 
1862; m. July 29, 1819. Electa, dau. of Elijah White. She was b. 
Nov. 3, 1794; d. May 23, 1857. 

C/i . Ruth, b. July 29, 1822; m. Dec. 

30, 1840, Israel W. Billings. 
Mary S., b, 1824; m. Sept.. 1843. 

Charles D. Billings ; d. Apr. 2. 18S4. 

Elijah W., b. Mar. 1826; d. Jan. S. 

1846, unm. 
Elisha, b. Jan. 18. 1828; m. Nov. 19, 

1851, Cordelia A. Randall. 

7 RoswELL, s. of John (5), was b. Dec. 26, 1792; d. Feb. 3, 
1872; m. Jan.. 1820, Mehitabie Packard. She d. July 24, 1864. 
Lived with John and Levi Meekins and succeeded to their property. 


8. Elijah, s. of John (5), was b. Aug. 7, 1798; d. Oct. 11, 1854; 
m. Apr. 11, 1832, Juliana, dau. of Ebenezer White of Hat. She was 
b. July 8, 1804; d. Oct. 11, 1840. 

Ch.: Horace W., b. Mar. 11, 1833; Charles E., b. Oct. 10, 1838; d. Apr. 

d. unm. June 2, 1898. 12, 1839. 

Marshall N., b. Mar. 22, 1836. Charles E., b. Feb. 8, 1840. 

9. John, s. of John (5), was b. Nov. 4, 1800; d. Mar. 10, 1844; 
m. Dec. 30, 1824, Clarissa, dau. of Seth Clapp of Nhn. She d. 
Apr. 25, 1883, a. 81. 

Ch.: Silas G., b. Jan. 13, 1827; m. Mary A., b. Aug. 11, 1833; m. Nov. 

Apr. 18, 1851, Rhoda Hastings; d. 2, 1866, Thaddeus Graves. 

June 23, 1890 ; no ch. Roswell, b. Aug. 7, 1835. 

Edwin, b. Dec, 1828; d. Aug. 18, Louisa, b. Aug. 9, 1837; d. Oct. 19. 

1829, a. 9 months. 1837. 

Elizabeth, b. July 27, 1831 ; d. Mar. Henry S., b. Oct. 13, 1843. 

28, 1849. 

10. Elisha, s. of Stearns (6), was b. Jan. 18, 1828; d. Mar. 17, 
1906; m. Nov. 19, 1851, Cordelia A. Randall of Belchertown. 

Ch.: Alice M., b. Oct. 25, 1852; m. Sept. 25, 1883, Wm. H. Smith of 

Jan. 7, 1873, Dr. W. K. Smith of Nhn. 

Terre Haute, Ind. George \V., b. Oct. 23, 1867; d. June 

Mary L., b. Mar. 23, 1855; m. Mar. 28, 1870 

23, 1887, Dr. J. M. Fay of Nhn.; Grace D., b. Sept. 22, 1872; d. Mar. 

d. Apr. 23, 1903. 16, 1874. 

Gertrude N., b. May 24, 1863 ; m. Elisha, b. Oct. 16, 1875. 

11. Marshall N., s. of Elijah (8), was b. Mar. 22, 1836; d. 
Feb. 26, 1897; ni. Dec. 28, 1864, Julia Bodman of Williamsburg. 

Ch.: Julia L., b. Nov. 18, 1865. 

12. Charles E., s. of Elijah (8), was b. Feb. 8, 1840; d. Nov. 
9, 1907; m. Sept. 26, 1866, Julia E. Dayton of Nhn., who was b. 
Feb. 26, 1846. He was a member of Co. F, 37th Regiment, M.V.M., 
in the Civil war. 

Ch.: George E., b. June 10, 1867; d. George W., b. June 22, 1870. 
July 16, 1867. 

13. RoswRLL, s. of John (9), was b. Aug. 7, 1835; m. June 1, 
1887, Fannie L.. dau. of Edwin Graves. She was b. Mar. 8, 1851. 

Ch.: Roswell F.arl, b. Jan. 1, 1891. 

14. De.\. Hexry Strong, s. of John (9), was b. Oct. 13, 1843; 
d. Aug. 26, 1908; m. Oct. 6, 1881, Mary E., dau. of Simon W. 
Houghton of Putney, Vt. 

Ch.: John Houghton, b. Feb. 6, 1886. Claude Harrison, b. Dec. 19, 1889. 
Olive Houghton, b. Feb. 28, 1888. Silas Graves, b. Oct. 5, 1892. 

15. John Hougiitox, s. of Dea. Henry S. (14), was b. Feb. 6. 
1886; m. Se])t. 5, 1908, Jessie Eugenia, dau. of E. P. Bartlett of 



1. JOHN LONGLEY, from Shirley, Mass., was b. 1758, d. 
1793. His wife, Sarah Shipley, was b. 1758, d. 1842. 

2. Alpheus, s. of John (1), came from Shirley, Mass. He was 
a mason and stonecutter. He was b. May 17, 1785; d. Sept. 13, 
1857; m. Oct. 13, 1808, Lois, dau. of Seth and Hannah Bardwell. 
She was b. Nov. 7, 1779 ; d. Jan. 22, 1849. 

Ch.: Charles Edward, b. Mar. 8, Charles Edward, b. Aug. 10, 1819; d. 

1811; d. Mar. 7, 18ia May 25, 1820. 

Louisa, b. Jan. 14, 1816; m. James Sarah Ann Lawrence, b. Mar. 13, 

W. Warner ; d. Jan. 10, 1890. 1821 ; d. Sept. 26, 1834. 

First Family. 

1. JOHN MARSH, Hart., 1639, was one of the first sett, of 
Had., but rem. to Nhn. and thence to Hart., where he d. 1688. He 
m. (1) Anne, dau. of Gov. John Webster, who d. June 9, 1662; 
m. (2) Oct. 7, 1664, Hepzibah, wid. of Richard Lyman of Nhn. 
and dau. of Thomas Ford. She d. April 11, 1683. 

Ch. (by Anne Webster) : John, m. Ch. (by Hepzibah [Ford] Lyman) : 

Nov. 28, 1666, Sarah Lyman ; d. in Hannah, m. Joseph Loomis. 

Hart, abt. 1727. Grace, m. Timothy Baker of Nhn.; 

Samuel, b. abt. 1645. d. May 31, 1676. 

Joseph, bap. Jan. 24, 1647. Lydia, b. Oct. 9, 1667; m. Dec. 8, 

Joseph, bap. July 15, 1649. 1692, David Loomis of Windsor, 

Jonathan, b. abt. 1650. Conn. 

Daniel, b. abt. 1653. 

2. Samuel, s. of John (1), res. in Hat., where he was freeman, 
16SK), representative in 1705 and 1706, and d. Sept. 7, 1728, a. 83. 
He m. May 6, 1667, Mary Allison, who d. Oct. 13, 1726, a. 78. 

Ch.: Mary, b. Feb. 27, 1668, in Had. Joseph Morton. 

Samuel, b. Feb. 11, 1670, in Hat Thomas, b. Jan. 10, 1680, in Hat. 

John, b. Nov. 6, 1672, in Hat. Hannah, b. Sept. 18, 1681, in Hat. ; m. 

Rachel, b. Oct. 15, 1674, in Hat. ; m. Richard Billings, Mar. 18, 1703. 

John Wells. Elizabeth, b. July 31, 1683, in Hat. ; 

Grace, b. Jan. 7, 1677, in Hat.; m. m. Oct. 27, 1714, Maynard Day. 

Thomas Goodman. Ruth, b. June 16, 1685, in Hat. 

Mary, b. May 24, 1678, in Hat. ; m. Ebenezer, b. May 1, 1687, in Hat. 

3. Thomas, s. of Samuel (2), res. in Hat. and Ware; was b. 
Jan. 10, 1680; m. 1702, Mary Trumbull of Suffield, Conn. He d. 

Ch.: Thomas, b. May 1, 1703; d. Ruth, b. Feb. 15. 1710. 

unm. 1728. Judah, b. July 25, 1712. 

Mary, b. Oct. 27, 1704; m. 1726, Joseph, b. Apr. 14, 1714. 

Moses Smith. Ephraim, b. Jan. 5, 1717. 

Samuel, b. 1706. Daniel, b. June 12, 1719. 

Rachel, b. 1708. Martha, b. Apr. 12, 1721. 

None of the family are now in Hat. 


Second Family. 

1. JOHN MARSH of Boston m. Sarah . they had three 

sons, the second being Joseph (2), who was b. Feb. 3, 1670, and 
m. Anna Thourogood, and had Joseph (3), b. Dec. 21, 1694, who 
m. Feb. 24, 1717, Sarah Partridge, and had sons Thomas, Eli, and 
Asa (4), b. at Medfield, Aug. 31, 1724, who m. Melicent Wood- 
stock. They rem. thence to Douglass and then to What. His sons 
m. before he came to What. Four ch. b. at Douglass : — 

Amos. Abijah. 

Asa, Jr. Sarah. 

5. Amos, s. of Asa (4), m. Elizabeth Jefferson abt. 1777. 

Ch.: Benjamin, b. at Douglass, Oct. Thomas, Amos, Rufus, Elizabeth, 
9, 1778. Sarah, Sophia. Electa, Asa, Meli- 

Calvin, b. at What., Oct. 3, 1780. cent, and Sarah, all b. at What 

6. Calvin, s. of Amos (5), was b. Oct. 3, 1780; d. at Hat.. 
Jan. 5, 1858; m. Oct. 7, 1800, Anna, dau. of Elihu and Anna Smith 
of Sund. She was b. at What, and bap. Aug. 25, 1782; rem. to 
Hat. She d. at Hat., Aug. 25, 1856. 

Ch.: Orsamus, m. Harriet Smith. Olive, bap. 1811. 

Hiram, bap. Aug. 30, 1804; m. Betsey Elizabeth, m. Lewis Covill. 

Stockbridge of No. Had. Anna B., b. Oct. 26, 1819; m. Justin 

Chapman, bap. 1806; d. Dec. 6, 1869. M. Coolev of What. 

Calvin B., bap. 1808; m. (1) Hannah Elihu. b. 1821. 

Beldcn; m. (2) wid. Eliza Graves. Miriam, m. Merrick Twiss of What. 

7. Orsamus, s. of Calvin (6), was b. Jan. 11, 1802; d. Mar. 11, 
1887; m. June 5, 1823, Harriet Smith of No. Had., who was b. 
Sept. 1, 1806, and d. Mar. 20, 1880. 

Ch.: Chester S., b. Dec. 26, 1824. George L., b. May 6, 1838: ni. (1) 

Cynthia, b. Oct. 20, 1827; m. Jan. 23, Bessie Owen, who d. Aug. 25. 1898; 

1846, Marcus Morton; d. June 12, no ch. ; d. Feb. 20, 1909; was a 

1899. member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, 

Charles O., b June 18, 1836. M.V.M., in the Civil war. 

8. Calvin B., s. of Calvin (6), was bap. 1808; d. July 25. 1881; 
ni. ( 1 ) Hannah, dau. of Reuben Belden, who d. June 29, 1843 ; m. 
(2) Mar. 7, 1844, Mrs. Clarissa Eliza Graves, who d. Feb. 4, 1888. 

Ch.: Infant, d. June, 1843. George C, b. June 17, 1843. 

9 Elihu, s. of Calvin (6), was b. 1821; d. Jan. 17, 1801 ; m. 
(1) July 23. 1845. Mary Ann Warren, who d. Oct. 16, 1850, a. 41; 
m. (2) Elvira Elwell. who d. Dec. 16, 1865, a. 33 ; m. (3) Adeline 
Noycs Eaton, who was b. Jan., 1832, and d. Apr. 15, 1896. 

Ch.: Honrv E.. I). Mnv 30. 1846. Albert H.. b. Jan. 19. 1850. 

Gertrude, b. Aug. 5. 1848; cl. Feb. 7, Mvron X.. b. Mar. 15, 1852. 
1850. Cliarlcs W., b. Mar. 15, 1854 

10. Ge()R(;e C. s. of Calvin B. (8), was b. July 17, 1843; in. (1) 
Dec. 1. 1864, Maria T-. dau. of Horace Russell of Had., who was b. 
Mav 30, 1843. and d. julv 15, 1887: ni. (2) Aug. 23, 1888, Tulia 
M. Clark, who was b. May 10. 1849, and d. Dec. 1, 1906. 


Ch.: Hannah E., b. Dec. 31, 1866; d. 20, 1909, Frederick C. Ewing of 

Apr. 6, 1867. Easthampton. 

Addie M., b. Jan. S, 1868; d. Mar. 9, Annie C, b. Aug. 27, 1880; m. May 2, 

1868. 1906, Harland G. Ranney. They 

Grace B., b. Feb. 28, 1870. reside in Pittsfield. Two ch.: Ruth, 

Mary E., b. Aug. 18, 1873. b. June 10, 1907, and Herbert M,, 

Martha E., b. Aug. 3, 1875 ; m. Aug. b. Nov. 22, 1908. 

IS. 1900, Fred S. Chapman of George C. b. Feb. 10, 1884; d. Mar. 

Monson. 22, 1887. 
Bertha M., b. Sept. 29, 1878; m. Jan. 

11. Henry E., s. of Elihu (9), was b. May 30, 1846; m. Oct. 26, 
1870, Mary L. Fisher of Danielson, Conn., who was b. Jan. 7, 1851. 

Ch. : Edmund F., b. Aug. 3, 1871 ; d. Philip Allen, b. Jan. 24, 1879. 
Oct. 16, 1894. Harry Cooley, b. June 14, 1884. 

12. Albert H., s. of Elihu (9), was b. Jan. 19, 1850; m. (1) 
Nov. 15, 1871, Emma L. Dickinson, who d. Mar. 9, 1873; m. (2) 
Nov. 11, 1873, Clarissa J. Anderson. 

Ch.: A. Mabel, b. Sept. 19, 1874; m. Alice Emma, b. Nov. 18, 1877; m. 
Sept. 19, 1900, Peter W. Heming- Jan. 24, 1902, Walter H. Thayer of 
way of Spfd. Williamsburg. 

13. Myron N., s. of Elihu (9), was b. Mar. 15, 1852; d. Feb. 
2, 1908; m. Dec. 12, 1889, Nellie Perry Myers of Wallingford, 
Conn., who resides in Spfd., Mass. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, b. Dec. 12, 1900. Hazel M., b. Aug. 26, 1901. 

14. Charles W., s. of El^hu (9), was b. Mar. 15, 1854; d. May 
8, 1909; m. Nov. 13, 1878, Alice L., dau. of Chester K. Waite of 
What. She was b. Nov. 15, 1857; d. Oct. 23, 1907. 

Ch.: Harry W., b. Feb. 22, 1881; m. of Hat., dau. of George A. Billings. 
Oct. 28, 1908, Minnie Allis Billings 

15 Chester Smith, s. of Orsamus (7), was b. Dec. 26, 1824; 
m. June 28, 1865, Matilda C. Standiford; d. Dec. 20, 1870. Res. 
in Baltimore, Md. She m. (2) Charles G. Waite of Hat. and d. 
May 30, 1893. 

Ch: William Dunlap, b. Oct. 27, 1866. Harriet Smith, b. March 12, 1868. 

16. Charles O., s. of Orsamus (7), was b. June 18, 1838; 
d. Dec. 5, 1878, ^t Baltimore, Md. ; m. Mar. 7, 1865, Mary A. E. 

Ch.: John O. C, b Jan. 5, 1866; d. twins, b. Dec. 18, 1870, d. Feb. 20, 

Feb. 20, 1870. 1877. 

Charles Howard, b. Dec. 22, 1867 ; d. George Chester, b. Nov. 12, 1874 ; d. 

Feb. 26. 1870. July 15, 1875. 
Minnie Cynthia, Eleanor Leyburn, 

17. William Dunlap, s. of Chester S. (15), was b. Oct. 27, 
1866; m. Oct. 3, 1894, Bertha Louisa Clark. Res. in Nhn. 

Ch.: Chester Clark, b. March 7, 1897. 


First Family. 

1. RICHARD MORTON was a s. of George Morton and 
grandson of George Morton who came to Plymouth and d. there 
in 1624. George Morton, grandfather of Richard, Was bap. Feb. 
18, 1598, at Austerfield, England, and m. Juliana Carpenter, a sister 
of Governor Bradford. With his s. George and other ch. he drifted 
to Dorchester. Richard Morton came to Hat. from Hart, sometime 
between 1663 and 1670. He was a blacksmith by trade. He m. 
Ruth , who d. Dec. 31, 1714. He d. Apr. 5, 1710. 

Ch.: Thomas. John, b. Apr., 1674. 

Richard. Abraham, b. May 12, 1676. 

John, b. Jan. 31, 1670; d. Apr. 26, Elizabeth, b. Mar. 31, 1680. 

1670. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 10, 1682. 

Joseph, b. Apr., 1672. Jonathan, b. Nov. 2, 1684. 

2. Joseph, s. of Richard (1), was b. at Hat, Apr., 1672; d. Sept 
28, 1730; m. Mary Marsh, dau. of Samuel Marsh of Hat, She was 
b. May 24, 1678. 

Ch,: Ruth, b. Dec. 15, 1699; d. unm. Thankful, b. May 21, 1713; m. 

Oct. 30, 1730. Ephraim Allen of Hat. 

Elizabeth, b. Apr. 4, 1704; m. Oct Joseph, b. Oct. 24, 1715; d. proh. abt 

27, 1731, Samuel Warner of Hat. 1744; no family. 

Abigail, b. July 18, 1707 ; d. same day. Abigail, b. Oct, 18, 1720. 

John, m. Aug. 4, 1730, Lydia Haw- Mary, d. Apr. 10, 1723. 

ley of Amh. ; d. 1793. 

3. John, s. of Richard (1), was b. Apr., 1674; m. Ruth 

Ch.: Ruth, b. Jan. 6, 1700. 

4, Abraham, s. of Richard (1), was b. May 12, 1676; dl Fd). 
28, 1765 ; m. May 8, 1701, Sarah, dau. of Samuel and Sarah (Root) 
Kellogg of Westfield. She d. June, 1755, a. 72. 

Ch.: Abraham, b. May 2, 1703; sett. Noah, m. Rhoda Waitc; rem. to 

in Shutesbury. Athol. 

Richard, b. Oct. 1, 1704; m. Feb. 25, Moses, b. 1717. 

1731, Mary Waite; rem. to Athol. Daniel, b. Dec. 23, 1720; m. (1) 1743, 

Sarah, b. Apr. 3, 1707; m. July 3, Esther Bardwell; m. (2) Dcc« 

1727, Samuel Smith. 1764, Eleanor Waitc; d. 1786 in 

Samuel, b. Sept., 1709; m. June 3, What. 

1731, Lvdia Smith; rem. to Athol. Abigail, b. Feb. 1, 1722; d. Dec. 24, 

Abigail, b. Jan. 6, 1711; d. Feb. 1, 1726. 


5 Ebkxf-zer, s. of Richard (1), was b. Aug. 10, 1682: d. Mar. 
4. 1760; m. Feb. 22. 1711, Sarah Belden, who d. June, 1749. 

Ch.: Son, b. 1711; d. a. 5 weeks. Eunice, b. May 14, 1721; m. Elijah 

Dorothy, b. Dec. 6, 1712; m. (1) Morton. 

John Bcldcn ; m, (2) Elnathan Simeon. 

Graves; d. abt. 1801. Oliver, m. Nov. 10, 1751, Hannah 

Lydia, b. Mar. 24. 1715; m. 1735, Gillett; rem. to What. 

Joseph Bardwell of Belchcrtown. Ebenezer. b. Dec. 8, 1725. 

Elisha. h. Apr. 1, 1717; d. abroad Scth. b. Sept. 6, 1729. 

Feb. 13, 1793. "^VvsV-sl, "^l^ 7i5aw^, -««* m, and had a 


dao.. Lydia, who m. Oct. IS, 1780, 
.Abraham Billings of Hat. Abra- 
ham Billings m. Nov. 20. 1810, 

6. Lieut. Jonathan, s. of Richard (1), a blacksmith in Hat., 
was b. Nov. 2, 1684: d. Apr. 25, 1767; m. Apr. 13, 1710. Sarah, dau. 
of Chileab Smith. She was b. Apr. 26, 1688, and d. Oct. 5, 1760. 
They lived on the present Academy lot. 

Ch.: Jonathan, b. Jan. 25, I71I; d. 
Mar. 10. 1711. 

Martha, b. Nov. 18. 1713. 

Jonathan, b. July 12. 1716; m, Elea- 
nor, dau. of Joseph Smith ; -d. abt 

6. 1798. 
David, b. Sept. 12, 1721 ; m. ChrisI 

;d. Feb. 23, 1798. 

Sarah, b. Oct. 12. 1725; m. i: 

Ephraim Doolittle. 
Marv. b. .Sept. 29, 1727; m. Sam 

Smith; d. Jan. 11. 1807. 
Lucy, b. Sept 21, 1732; d. 1766. 

7 Moses, s. of Abraham (4), was b. in 1717; d. Jan. 30, 1798; 
m. Ruth, dau. of Richard Billings. She d. Mar. 28. 1802, a. .86. 

Ch. ; Judith, b. Aug. 1, 1753 ; m. June Clark of Nhn. 

29, 1780. Joseph Waite of Williams- Josiah. b. Feb. 16, 1757; m. Feb, 10, 

burg. 1789, Phebe Bliss of Longmeadow. 

Abigail, b. Nov. 29, 1754; m. 

8. Josiah. s. of Moses (7), was b. Feb. 16, 1757; m. Feb. 10, 
1789, Phebe Bliss, sister of Abijah Bliss of Hat. ; came from Long- 
meadow. He d. May 30. 1829. She d. Jan. 5, 1836. 


Cli.: Moses, b. Jan. 4, 1790. Sarah, b. Mar. 20, 1796; d. unm. Feb. 

Abigail, b. Dec. 13, 1791; d. unm. 28, 1879. 

Aug. 15, 1874. Leander, b. Mar. 16, 1803; d. unm. 

Rodolphus, b. Jan. 21, 1794. Oct. 17, 1872. 

9. Moses, s. of Josiah (8), was b. Jan. 4, 1790; d. Dec. 31, 1879; 
m. Nov. 28, 1816, Sophia A., dau. of Cotton Partridge of Hat. 
She was b. in 1798 and d. Mar. S, 1863, a. 64. 

C/i. ; Dwight Partridge, b. Oct. 12, Joseph Lyman, b. Dec. 7, 1831 ; d. at 

1817. Waukegan, 111. 

Josiah Lyman, b. Oct. 29, 1820; d. Helen Maria, b. Jan. 31, 1838; m. 

Mar. 21, 1837. Jan. 1, 1863, George W. Waite ; d 

Sophia Arms, b. June 2, 1824; m. Dec. 16, 1887. 

Nov. 1, 1842, Israel G. Dickinson. 

10. RoDOLPHUs, s. of Josiah (8), was b. Jan. 21, 1794; d. June 
20, 1853 ; m. 1836, Elizabeth W., dau. of Israel Dickinson. She was 
b. May 5, 1808, and d. Apr. 24, 1862. 

Ch.: George Louis, b. Jan. 8, 1837; Dec, 1872, Hugh Mitchelson of 

m. 1868, Sarah E. Wood ; d. Apr. 5, TariflFville, Conn. ; d. Dec. 19, 1894. 

1870. Charles Kellogg, b. May 9, 184Z 

Mary Dickinson, b. June 26, 1840 ; m. 

11. Dwight Partridge, s. of Moses (9), was b. Oct. 12, 1817; 
d. May 1, 1895 ; m. Mar. 31, 1841, Chloe Cole of Lyons, N. Y. She 
was b. Aug. 31, 1820, and d. Oct. 27, 1907. 

Ch.: Josiah Lyman, b. Jan. 5, 1842; Henry Dwight, b. Dec. 22, 1852; m. 

m. abt. 1870. Catherine Kinsburv. 

Abby Ward, b. Oct. 12, 1845; d. Eunice L., b. Sept. 10, 1854; d. Mar. 

June 17, 1853. 11, 1908. 

Clara White, b. May 4, 1851 ; m. Dec. Albert W., b. Mar. 20, 1861. 

26, 1872, Frank W. Wood. 

12. Charles Kellogg, s. of Rodolphus (10), was b. May 9, 
1842; m. Jan. 17, 1872, Mary W., dau. of John Kellogg of So. Had. 
She was b. May 20. 1846. He was a member of Co. K, 52d Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., in the Civil war. 

Ch.: Robert Kellogg, b. Apr. 18, Pavne of Boston. 

1876; m. Mar., 1908, Dorothy Charles Dickinson, b. May 11, 1882. 

13. Ebexi:zp:r. s. of Ebenezer (5), was b. Dec. 8, 1725: d. Dec. 
5, 1797; 111. Aziibah (Graves), wid. of Moses Bardwell. She was 
b. Jan. 1, 1780. 

Ch.: Ebcnczcr, in. Juno 22, 1786, Hannah Ingram of Amh. 

14. De.\. Iu.ij.mi, s. of Jonathan (6), was b. Nov. 10. 1718; d. 
C^ct. 5, 1798; m. (1) Eunice, dau. of Ebenezer and Sarah (Belden) 
Morton. She was b. Mav 14, 1721 ; d. Mar. 15, 1781. He m. (2) 
Nov. 12. 1789. Mrs. Martha Barstow of Sund., who d. Apr. 23, 1803. 

Ch.: Lois, b. Mav 14. 1744; d. unm. Kliiah. b. Feb. 23, 1748; d. Feb. 18. 

Oct. 20. 18(X). 1769. 

Klilin. b. Fcl). 23. 1746: d. June 14, Eunice, b. Auj?. 25, 1751; d. unm. 

1X15. Aug. 17, 1825. 


Sarah, b. Dec. 12, 1753; m. Lieut. 11, 1785, Perez Morton; d. Jan. 25, 

Asa Ludden. 1840. 

Rhoda, b. Aug. 29, 1756; d. Feb. 17, William, b. Aug. 18, 1761; d. Nov. 

1840. 12, 1837. 
Dorothy, b. July 12, 1759; m. Aug. 

15. William, s. of Dea. Elijah (14), was b. Aug. 18, 1761; d. 
Nov. 12, 1837 ; m. June 23, 1783, Hannah Chambers, who d. Feb. 25, 

Ch.: Pamelia. b. Dec. 15, 1783; m. June 5, 1823; d. Mar. 15, 1830. 

Sept. 16, 1802, Silas Bardwell; d. Wealthea m. Apr. 8, 1819, Theo- 

Aug. 22, 18R dore Porter ; d. May 27, 1872. 

William, b. Feb. 10, 1786; d. in au- Lily, b. May 4, 1798; d. young. 

tumn of 1838. Louisa, b. Sept. 15, 1799; d. young. 

Pliny, b. Oct. 3, 1788; d. in U. S. Israel, b. Jan. 5, 1804; d. May 3, 

Navy, Nov. 22, 1816, unm. 1879; m. Apr. 26, 1838, Lucy Ly- 

Sophia, b. Oct. 19. 1790; m. Abraham man of Southampton, who was b. 

Billings, Nov. 20, 1810; d. Feb. 15, Mar. 16, 1811, and d. July 2, 1889. 

1852. No ch. 

Henry F., b. Dec. 29, 1792; d. unm. Almira, b. Nov. 9, 1808; m. Oct. 28, 

June 22, 1819. 1832, Rev. Jeremiah Pomeroy. 

Cotton, b. Apr. 12, 1795 ; d. Feb. 9, Their s., William M. Pomeroy, was 

1845. for a time editor of the Spfd. 

Jerusha and Wealthea, twins, b. June Union. She d. 1890. 

8, 1796. Jerusha m. Abijah Bliss, 

16. Jonathan, s. of Lieut. Jonathan (6), was b. July 12. 1716; 
d. Sept. 18, 1788; m. Eleanor, dau. of Joseph Smith of Hat. She 
was b. Dec. 9, 1717. 

Ch.: Jonathan, b. Oct. 16, 1746; d. Lucy, b. May 25, 1752; m. Aug. 2, 

Jan. 19. 1836. 1776, Benjamin Smith ; d. Jan. 13, 

Mary, b. Dec. 15, 1747. 1777. 

Enos, b. Feb, 4. 1749: d. in infancy. Perez, b. Sept. 19, 1761. 

Enos, b. Mar. 30, 1751. Eleanor. 

17. Perez, s. of Jonathan (16), was b. Sept. 19, 1761; d. Sept. 
11, 1839; m. Aug. 11, 1785, Dorothy, dau. of Elijah and Eunice 
(Belding) Morton. She was b. July 12, 1759; d. Jan. 25, 1840. 

Ch.: Joseph, b. May 12, 1786: d. Feb. Laura, b. June 23, 1796; d. Sept. 23, 

13, 1821 ; m. Feb. 9, 1810, Martha 1839. 

Dav. Perez, b. Sept. 23, 1798; d. Nov. 17, 

Jeremiah, b. Dec. 13. 1788; d. Julv 29, 1813. 

1854. Child, b. Dec. 2, 1800: d. in infancy. 

Moses, b. Sept. 8, 1790; d. Apr. 16, Moses, b. Nov. 7, 1802; d. Nov. 8, 

1795. 1866. 

Marv. b. Aug. 14. 1792; d. June 11, Dorothy, b. Aug. 7, 1805; d. unm. 

1793. Apr. 16. 1886. 

Mary. b. Mav 25. 1794; d. unm. Jan. Edwin, h. Sept. 13. 1807; d. unm. 

9, 1889. ' Mar. IL 1890. 

18. Jeremiah or Jeremy, s. of Perez (17), was b, Dec. 13, 
1788; d. July 29, 1854; m. fl) Phila Abbott of Leverett, who d. 
June 7, 1827, a. 36; m. (2) Jan., 1829, Temperance ^TcCulloch of 
Colrain, who d. July 15, 1882, a. 88. 

Ch. (by Phila Abbott): Naomi, b. Ch. (hy Temperance McCuUoch) : 

Sept. 21, 1814; m. Otis Conkey of Sarah Francos, b. 1833: m. 1852, 

Illinois. Dr. T. Franklin Knight. He d. 

Maria, m. Artenuis Scott. Oct. 5. 1854. a. 38. Thcv had one 

Phila Eliza, b. Mav Z3. 1827; ni. child. Surah Maria, b. Oct. 5. 1853. 

1852, Jonathan D. Porter. 


19. Moses, s. of Perez (17), was b. Nov. 7, 1802; d. Nov. 8, 
1866; m. (1) Martha Warner of Ashfield, who d. May 8, 1843; m. 
(2) abt. 1846, Mary Ferguson of Troy, N. Y. 

Ch. (by Martha Warner) : Antoinette She d. Mar. 2, 1910. 

A., b. at What., 1832; d. Feb. 4, Ch. (by Mary Ferguson): Edward 

1861. F., d. in the army in the Civil war. 

Eugene I., b. May 23, 1837; m. Maria Esther L., d. 17 years old. 
L. Porter of Hat., Nov. 22, 1900. 

20. Ebenezer, s. of Ebenezer (13), was b. abt. 1763 ; d. Feb. 3, 
1839, a. 76; m. June 22, 1786, Hannah Ingram of Amh.. who d. 
Aug. 28, 1848, a. 81. 

Ch.: Aziibah. b. Nov. 2, 1787; d. unm. Eurotas, b. July 18, 1796; d. Sept. 11. 

Nov. 21, 1868. 1798. 

John Bardwell, b. July 11, 1789. Eurotas. b. July 30, 1799. 

Orethca, b. Feb. 20, 1792; m. Charles Ebenezer, b. May 14, 1801 : m. June 

Smith; d. Mar. 15, 1875. 22, 1824. Rhue Cooler of Dfd. 

Daughter, b. Nov. 24, 1793; d. next Horace, b. Apr. 12, 1803; d. next day. 

day. Horace, b. Mar. 25, 1805 ; d. next day. 

Fanny, b. Sept. 12, 1795; d. Oct. 5, Hannah Almira. b. Feb. 3, 1808. 

1795. James, b. Feb. 25, 1811. 

21. Jony PiARDWELL, s. of Ebcnezer (20), was b. at Hat.. Tulv 
11, 1789; d. June 14, 1870; m. Sept. 23, 1819, Elizabeth M.. daii. of 
Dea. John and Elizabeth (Brown) White of What. She was b. 
Jan. 23, 1799, and d. Oct. 24, 1858. 

Ch.: Mary E., b. Feb. 16, 1821; m. Eurotas, b. July 6, 1828. 

Aug. 23, 1843. Rev. John A. Mc- Elvira White, b. June 27. 1835: m. 

Kinstrv. Oct. 31, 1860, Gilbert J. Shaw. 

Harriet A., b. Jan. 8, 1823 ; d. unm. Judith White, b. Dec. 3, 1839 ; m. Mav 

Jan. 4, 1844. 22, 1872, Augustus Dow. 
John White, b. Jan. 21. 1826. 

22. John White, s. of John Bardwell (21), was b. Jan. 21, 
1826: ni. Henrietta A. Kingsley of Williamsburg. Res. at N'o. 
Hat., but rem. to Con. 

Ch.: Austin Kingslcv, b. Apr. 8, 1859. Louisa Almira. b. June 2S. 1865. 
Eliza White, b. Sept.' 30, 1862. John Bardwell, b. Sept. 11. 1869. 

23. Eurotas, s. of John Bardwell (21), was b. at What.. Tub' 
6, 1828: (1. Aug. 25. 1903; m. (1) July 3, 1862, Margaret A., dail. 
of Charles D. and Mary H. (Ferguson) Stockbridge. She was b. 
Aug. 13, 1842. and d. Sept. 14, 1862. He ni. (2) May 19. 1864, 
Fidelia K.. dau. of Solomon and Wealthy (Anns) Atkins of So. 
Dfd. She was 1). Aug. 2S, 1839. He lived on the river mad in 
Xo. Hat. 

C//.; Gilbert K.. b. June 24. 1868. k. by the cars Sept. 18. 1891. 

William Aiip:iistu.s. h. June 9. 1874; 

24. ^iiLHEKT E.. s. of Eurotas (23), was b. June 24, 18<)8: m. 
Oct. 7. 1896. Xellie S., dau. of Charles A. and Mary (Smith) Jones. 

Ch.: Maud. b. Nov. 26. 1898. Cliarlcs. b. Feb. 11, 1902. 

25. Jamks, ^. oi F.Wn^z^T (20\. was b. Feb. 25, 1811: d. at 


Shipman, 111., Dec. 10, 1883 ; m. Nov. 24, 1842, Harriet Atwood, dau. 
of Josiah Allis of Hat. She d. June 4, 1862, a. 46. 

Ch.: Josiah Allis, b. June 5, 1847; d. Eurotas M., b. Mar., 1856. 

at Shipman, 111., May 3, 1867. Harriet Allis, b. Nov. 13, 1861. 

James Ebenezer, b. Sept. 11, 1850. 

Second Family. 

1. SOLOMON MORTON of Hat. lived at No. Hat. ; m. Eunice 
Tower, who was b. at Salem in 1774 and d. in What, Mar. 22, 1850. 

Ch.: Richard Tower, b. Aug. 1, 1791, William. 

at Hat. Sarah, m. (1) Jan. 20, 1802, Aaron 

Susanna, b. Sept., 1795 ; m. Doras Waite. He was in the regular army 

Curtis. and d. on his route home. She m. 

Theodotia, b. May 7, 1798. (2) David Turner. 

Solomon, b. July 5, 1801. Electa, m. a Mr. Skinner and rem. 

David, b. Nov. 28, 1803. to Ohio. 

2. Richard Tower, s. of Solomon (1), was b. at Hat, Aug. 1, 
1791 : d. at What., Aug. 19, 1879, a. 89; m. (1) Mary Davenport; 
m. (2) Feb. 13, 1816, Electa, dau. of Francis and Ruth (Coleman) 
Belden. She was b. in What., Mar. 13, 1798, and d. Aug. 20, 1874. 

Ch.: Richard Tower, b. Oct. 18, 1814. Marcus, b. Dec. 25, 1824; m Cynthia 

Mary D., b. Nov. 22, 1816 ; m. Theo- S. Marsh, Jan. 23, 1846, who died 

dore Sheldon of Nhn. June 12, 1899. He died Aug. 18, 

Francis B., b. Dec. 3, 1818; m. Electa 1901. 


3. Richard Tower, s. of Richard Tower (2), was b. at What., 
Oct. 18, 1814; m. Jan. 1, 1837, Rebecca J. Kittel of Schenectady, 
N. Y. She was b. Aug. 2, 1818. Res. in Bradstreet. 

Ch.: Charles M., b. Oct 18, 1842. Theodore S.. b. May 1, 1852. 

Benjamin, b. Apr. 23, 1845. Mary D. S., b. Aug. 21, 1854. 

Cecelia, b. May 31, 1846; m. Rev. Estellc. b. Feb. 22, 1861; m. Joel 

Amaziah Deusler of Troy, N. Y. Woodward, June 1, 1882. 
Marcus, b. June 6, 1850. 


Berwick-upon-Tweed, England; was an early sett, of Hart., whence 
he rem. to Had., where he d. June 27, 1668. He m. Dec. 12, 1644, 
Mary Smith of Hart., who d. July 20 (28?), 1680, a. 55. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. Oct. 15, 1645. Montague; d. May 20, 1683. a. abt. 

Mary, m. (1) Nov. 12, 1663, John 55. 

Smith; m. (2) Sept., 1679, Peter 

2. Col. Samuel, s. of William (1), was b. Oct. 15, 1645; m. 
Sept. 24, 1668, Mehitable, dau. of John Crow. He was representa- 
tive in 1685 and 1686, colonel of the regiment, judge of probate, 
and one of His Majesty's Council, and the most important man, 
after the death of Colonel Pynchon, 1703, in all the western part 
of the province. He d. Dec. 25, 1740. 



Ch.: William, b. Nov. 16, 1669; d. 

Sept., 1693. 
Samuel, b. Jan. 21, 1672. 
Mehitable, b. May 1, 1674; d. May 

16, 1674. 
Mehitable, b. Aug. 26, 1675; m. Dec. 

9, 1693, Nathaniel Dwight. 
Child, b. 1677; d. young. 
Mary, b. 1678 ; m. Dec. 4, 1695, Josiah 

Jonathan, b. Apr. 5, 1681 ; d. Sept. 11, 


Edward, b. Apr. 26, 1683; res. in 

Jonathan, b. Sept 18, 1685; d. Jan. 

24 1686 
John, b. 1686; d. 1717. 
Elizabeth, b. Oct. 7, 1688; m. (1) 

May 9, 1709, John Hamlin, Jr.; m. 

(2) Hamlin; m. (3) 

Johnson of Woodstock, Conn.; m. 

(4) Payson of Middletown, 


3. Samuel, s. of Samuel (2), was b. Jan. 21, 1672; d. between 
1735 and 1738; m. 1695, Mrs. Mary Atwater, dau. of Rev. Seaborn 
Cotton. She was b. in 1670 and d. June 23, 1729, a. 59. 

Ch.: William, b. Jan. 9, 1695; d. Mar. 

16, 1698. 
Samuel, b. June 1, 1696. 
Mary, b. June 15, 1698; m. Isaac 

Elizabeth, b. Sept. 22, 1701 ; m. Eze- 

kiel Kellogg. 
Dorothy, b. Mar. 2, 1703; d. Mar., 


Cotton, b. Oct. 13, 1705. 

Mehitable, b. Oct. 8, 1707; m. Thomas 

William, b. Sept. 15, 1710; rem. to 
Nova Scotia, where he was secre- 
tary of state. 

4. Edward, s. of Samuel (2), was b. Apr. 26, 1683; d. Dec. 26, 
1757, a. 74. He m. May 14, 1707, Martha, dau. of Rev. Williain 
Williams of Hat. She d. Nov, 26, 1766. 

Ch.: Elizabeth, b. Oct. 14, 1708. 
Martha, b. Oct. 9, 1710. 

Oliver, b. June 13, 1712. 

5. Cotton, s. of Samuel (3), was b. Oct. 13, 1705; d. Sept. 28, 
1733, a. 27. He m. Margaret, dau. of Moses Cook. She m. (2) 
Samuel Gaylord. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. July 3, 1730. 

Sybil, b. Oct. 7, 1732; m. Josiah 


6, Olivi«:r, s. of Edward (4) of Hat., was b. June 13, 1712; d. 
July 21, 1792, a. 80. He m. 1734. Anna, dau. of Rev. Williain 
Williams of Weston. She d. Dec. 21, 1802, a. 85. 

Ch.: William, b. Aug. 15, 1735; d. 

Aug. 30. 1735. 

Anna, b. July 27. 1736; m. Bull. 

Oliver, b. Aug. 19, 1738; d. Sept. 9, 

Martha, h. Nov. 8. 1739. 
Mcrcv. h. Feb. 15, 1742. 
Elizabeth, b. Mar. 15, 1744. 
Sophia, b. Aug. 3, 1746. 

7. Samckf., s. of Cotton (5) of Hat., was b. July 3, 1730; m. 
Jan. 18, 1754, Abiirail Dwicrht. 

Ch.: Esther, b. Mar. 26. 1761; m. Cotton, b. Dec. 1, 1765. 
John Allis of Hat.; d. Dec. 22, Samuel, b. Nov. 4, 1767; d. young. 
L^34. Samuel, b. Oct. 10, 1775. 

Samuel, b. Sept. 5, 1748. 

Oliver, b. Apr. 15, 1751 ; unm. ; physi- 
cian in Stockbridge. 

William, b. Apr. 30, 1753. 

John. b. Mav 1, 1755. 

Pamela, b. Sept. 21, 1757; d. Jan. 10, 

Pamela, b. Jan. 15, 1761. 



8. Cotton, s. of Samuel (7) of Hat., was b. Dec. 1, 1765; m. 
(1) May 4. 1788, Sophia, dau. of Dea. Jonathan Arms of Dfd. ; 
m. (2) June 23, 1796, Hannah, dau. of Rev. Joseph Lyman, D.D., 
of Hat. 

Ch. (by Sophia Arms) : Dwight, b. 

1789; m. Apr. 5, 1807, Elizabeth 

Sabin ; d. in Phelps, N. Y., a. 32. 
Theodore, b. 1791 ; res. in Newark, 

Ch. (by Hannah Lyman) : Sophia 

Arms, b. 1798; m. Moses Morton. 
Eunice, b. 1800. 
Hannah Huntington, b. 1802; m. 

David S. Whitney of Nhn. 
Joseph Lyman, b. 1804. 

Abigail Dwight, m. (1) Aug. 26, 1835, 

Rev. Levi Pratt; m. (2) Lebbeus 

Maria L., b. Nov. 28, 1808; d. Nov. 

16, 1897. 
Fanny, b. Mar. 22, 1811; m. Joseph 

Brainerd of St. Albans, Vt. 
George Cotton, graduate of Amh. 

College in 1833; a clergyman in 

Harriet, m. Alfred Woodruff. 

9. Maj. Samuel, s. of Lieut. Samuel (7), was b. Oct. 10, 1775; 
d. Mar. 11. 1856; m. Sept. 8, 1796, Mabel, dau. of Lemuel Dickinson 
of Hat. She d. Nov. 4, 1841. 

Ch.: Hepzibah. h. Dec. 11, 1797; m. 21, 1865. 

Jan. 4, 1816, Hon. Israel Billings, Samuel Dwight, b. Oct. 15, 1806. 
who d. June 4, 1856. She d. Aug. 

10, Samuel Dwight, s. of Maj. Samuel (9), was b. at Hat., 
Oct. 15, 1806; d. Jan. 19, 1893; m. Sept. 8, 1834, Lucretia A. 
Warner. She d. at La Crosse, Wis., Nov. 12, 1897. 

Ch.: Anna W., b. in Hat., Aug. 9, 
1835; m. Apr. 28, 1858, Peter M. 
Myers of New York city; d. at 
Milwaukee, Wis., June 21, 1895. 

Harriet H.. b. in Hat., Nov. 9, 1839; 
m. Apr. 28, 1858. Henry J. Bliss of 
La Crosse, Wis. 

Henrietta S., b. Aug. 11, 1842; d. 

Sept. 15, 1842. 
Samuel, b. in Hat, Nov. 9, 1844; d. 

at Orange, N. J., May 4, 1880; m. 

Oct. 12. 1870, Emma A. CoUamore. 
John Cotton, b. May 5, 1846; d. in 


11. Anna Myers Bliss, dau. of Henry J. Bliss and Harriet 
Partridge Bliss, and granddaughter of Samuel Dwight Partridge 
(10), was b. May 20, 1862: m. Nov. 27, 1888, Ellis B. Usher of 
La Crosse, Wis. 

12. Dorothy Bliss, dau. of Anna M.. Bliss Usher (11) and 
Ellis B. Usher, was b. at La Crosse, Wis., Mar. 16, 1892. 


1. SAMUEL PORTER, s. of John of Windsor, Conn., was 
among the first sett, of Had., where he d. Sept. 6, 1689. He m. 
Hannah, dau. of Thomas Stanley of Hart. She d. Dec. 18, 1708. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. Apr. 6, 1660. 

Child, b. Apr. 26, 1662: d. same day. 

Thomas, b. Apr. 17. 1663; d. May 27, 

Hezekiah. b. Jan. 7. 1665. 
John. b. Dec. 12, 1666. 
Hannah, b. 1670; m. Mar. 29, 1689, 

John Nash. 

Mehitable, b. Sept. 15, 1673; m. Na- 
thaniel Goodwin ; d. Feb. 6, 1726. 

Experience, b. Aug. 5, 1676. 

Ichabod. b. June 17, 1678. 

Nathaniel, b. Nov. 15. 1680. 

Thomas, b. abt. 1683. 



2, IcHABOD, s. of Samuel (1) of Hat., was b. June 17, 1678: d. 
Sept. 12, 1727; ni. July 4, 1700, Dorcas Marsh. 

Ch.. Dorcas, b. 1703. Mary. b. Apr. 24, 1711. 

Mehitable, b. July 20, 1706. James, b. Sept. 19. 1714. 

Son. b. Apr. 28, 1707; d. same day. Sarah, b. Feb. 2, 1718, 

Hannah, b. July 21. 1708. 

3, lAMES, s. of Ichalxwi (2), was b. Sept. 19, 1714: d. Apr. 25. 
1792: ni. (1) Fel). 22. 1737, Hannah Waite. who d. Nov. 10. 1740; 
m. (2) Eunice , who d. June 9, 1775, a. 55. 

Jonathan, b, Apr. 16. 1752; m. Ruth 

Ch. (by Hannah Waite) : Hannah, b. 

Nov. 2. 1740. 
Ck. (by Kunice ): Hannah, b. 

Nov. 23. 174S; m. Abel Allis of 

Somers, Conn, 
Jonathan, b, June 5. 1747; d, July 5, 

Chapin of Somers, Conn, 
Submit, b. Mar. 15. 1754; i 

David. b.'july 5, 1757; rem. 

Silas, b. Aug. 18. 1759. 

1779; d. 

4. I>K.^. InN.V 
Apr. 26. 1833; ni 
Ch.. Reuben. I>. Dec 

rem. to HiJitb. 
Eunice, b. Apr. 1. 1782; m. John 

Gravi-s. s. of Selh Graves; d. June 

20. 1870. 
Elizabeib. b. Oct. 18. 1783; d. unm, 

Jmu- 7, 1863, 
Rulh. b. July 1. 1786; d. unm. Apr. 

■n.\N. s. of Jame.s (3), was b. Apr. 16, 1752: d. 
Rulh Chapin of Sonicrs, Conn., wlio d. Feb. 3. 

25, 1870. 
Jonathan, b, Jan. 12. 1789, 
Samuel, b. Apr. 23, 1791 : d. unm. 

Jan. 7. 1848. 
Oicster. b. Sept. 14. 1793, 
Amic. b. Nov. 18. 1796: d. unm. Jan. 

7, 1844. 


5. Jonathan, s. of Dea. Jonathan (4), was b. Jan. 12, 1789; d. 
Apr. 19, 1864; m. Dec. 17, 1818, Electa, dan. of William Allis. She 
was b. July 15, 1792, and d. Oct. 1, 1855. 

Ch.: Moses Chapin, b, Dec. 30, 1819. 1, 1856, Quartus Sykes. 

Henry S.. b. Dec. 24, 1821. Jonathan D., b. July 3, 1826. 

Sophia A., b. Apr. 18, 1824; m. Nov. James, b. Nov. 30, 1828. 

6. Chester, s. of Dea. Jonathan (4), was b. Sept. 14, 1703; d. 
Mar. 26, 1866; m. (1) Feb. 23, 1826, Rachel Smith, who d. Jan. 9, 
1847; m. (2) Hepzibah Nash, who d. Feb. 1, 1875. 

Ch.: Mary L., m. Mar. 24, 1853, Lewis S. Dyer. 

7. Sh-as, s. of James (3). was b. Aii^. 18, 1759; d. Feb. 19, 
1841 ; m. Mary, dau. of Seth and Mary (Dickinson) Graves. She 
was b. July 20, 1765. and d. June 1, 1832. He was a Revolutionary 

Ch.: Mary (Polly), b. Sept. 21, 1787; Martha (Patty), b. Aug. 18, 1794; m. 

d. Nov. 20, 1819; m. Orrin Farns- Erastus Knight of Huntington. 

worth of Waterloo, N. Y. Silas, b. Dec. 1, 1796; d. at Waterloo, 

Sarah (Sally), b. Aug. 31, 1789; d. N. Y., Oct. 15. 1819, unm. 

at Spfd. in 1838; m. Ebenezer Seth. b. July 3, 1799; lived in Nor- 

Dwight of Hat. wich. Conn. 
Theodore, b. June 19, 1792. 

8. Theodore, s. of Silas (7), was b. June 19, 1792; d. Mar. 3, 
1860; m. Apr. 8, 1819, Wealtha, dau. of William Morton. She was 
b. June 8, 1796, and d. May 27, 1872. 

Clk: Mary Ann, b. Feb. 3, 1820; m. resides in Hat. 

Jeremiah D. Wells. Theodore, h. June 15. 1829. 

SuaSy b. Aug. 31, 1824; unm. and 

9.. Moses Chapin, s. of Jonathan (3), was b. Dec. 30. 1819; d. 
Juty 7. 1888; m. (1) Dec, 1846, Emily Porter of Had., who d. Jan. 
19, 1856; m. (2) Apr. 14, 1857, Louisa Bridg^man of Amh. 

Ck.: Augusta Allis. b. Dec. 13. 1847; 1865. 

m Oct. 17, 1894, Myron C. Graves. Charles, adopted Feb. 28, 1860; m. 

Jonathan Edwards, b. Nov. 22, 1849. June 5. 1890. Lucy A. Scott of 

Moses, b. Sept. 9, 1854 ; d. Feb. 24, Wi st Randolph, Vt. 

10. Henry S., s. of Jonathan (5), was b. Dec. 24. 1821; d. 
Mar. 14, 1892; m. Nov. 14. 1849, Matilda N. Granger of Had. She 
d. Jan. 29, 1910. Res. in Agawam. 

Ch.: Samuel D., b. Jan. 1. 1851; m. William H.. b. Mav 8. 1856; m. Oct. 
Sept. 23, 1874, Jane F. Brown. 23, 1879, Carrie M. Harris. 

11. Jonathan D., s. of Jonathan (5), was b. July 3. 1826; d. 
May 2, 1890; m. 1832, Phila E.. dau. of Jeremy Morton. 

Ch.: Frank K., b. Apr. 3. 1857; d. Mar. 2, 1910. 

Jan. 25, 1907. Edwin S., adopted s., d. Mar. 27, 

Maria L. b. Jan. 26, 1860; m. Nov. 1874. 

22. 1900, Eugene I. Morton ; d. 

12. James, s. of Jonathan (5), was b. Nov. 30. 1828; m. Nov. 


19, 1856, Sarah J., dau. of Alvan Randall of Enfield. She was b. 
Apr. 8, 1833. 

Ch.: Emma E., b. Feb. 3, 1858; m. Spfd. 

Nov. 8, 1883, David Billings ; d. Charlotte, b. Dec. 4, 1865. 

Nov. 17, 1909. Elizabeth D.. b. Aug. 14, 1868; m. 

Carrie S., b. Nov. 19, 1860; m. Oct. Oct. 10, 1901. Dr. Frank M. Padd- 

15, 1896, Nathaniel B. Wade of ford of Fall River. 

13. Jonathan E., s. of Moses Chapin (9), was b. Nov. 22, 
1849; m. Dec. 13. 1871, Mary D. Smith of Had., who was b. Feb. 
7, 1850. 

Ch.: Daughter, b. July 3, 1877; d. Helen L.. b. June 27, 1878; m. Dec 
Oct. 4, 1877. 28, 1899, Hugh McLeod of Hat 

14. Theodore, s. of Theodore (8). was b. June 15, 1829; d. 
Aug. 4, 1899; m. Dec. 24, 1850, Wealthy, dau. of Thomas FrarA*. 
She was b. Dec. 1. 1830. and d. Dec. 1. 1897. 

Ch.: Clara Ellen, b. Sept. 17, 1852; Dec. 25. 1894, Cornelia B. Strong 

m. Nov. 1, 1888, Hiram Taylor of of Nhn. 

Nhn. George Theodore, b. Apr. 14, 1867: 

Mary Maria, b. July 11, 1854; m. Oct. m. July 25, 1887, Minnie Upham of 

14. 1879. Geo. G. Ware of Spfd. Huntington. 

Myron Wells, b. Apr. 14, 1859; m. Sarah Belle, b. July 10, 1869; unm.; 

1884. Ellen Lovering of Lamoille, resides in Spfd. 

Ohio. Lillian Maud. b. Apr. 2, 1872; m. 

William Lewis, b. Oct. 17. 1862; m. Nov. 23, 1892, Oliver U. Church of 

Nov. 10. 1884. Ella Williams of Spfd. 

Southampton ; d. at Wfd., Mar. 25, Letitia Louisa, b. Sept. 12, 1874; 

1891. unm.; resides in Huntington. 
Edwin Frary. b. Aug. 27, 1864; m. 

15. Samuel D., s. of Henry S. (10), was b. Jan. 1, 1851; m. 
Sept. 23, 1874, Jennie F., dau. of John D. Brown. Resides in 
La Salle, 111. 

Ch.: Fred. b. July 8, 1875; d. Dec. Henrv S.. b. Feb. 18. 1884; d. in Aug.. 

25 1875 1884 

Arthur Brown, b. Oct. 10. 1877. Hazel Allis, b. Nov. 19, 1886. 

Harriet Dwight, b. July 23, 1879; d. Tennie Mae, b. Feb. 20, 1888. 

Sept. 25, 1879. Ruth. b. Mar. 17, 1891. 

Ella Julia, b. Feb. 25, 1881. Harold, b. Feb. 20, 1893. 

Matilda Augusta, b. Apr. 14, 1882; d. Robert, b. June 9, 1896; d. Feb. 15. 

May 5. 1882. 1897. 

16. Wuj.iAM H., s. of Henry S. (10), was b. May 8, 1856: m. 
Oct. 23, 1870, Carrie Marietta, dau. of Mrs. Caroline Harris of 
Nhn. She was b. at Kossuth, Towa, Oct. 16, 1857. 

Ch.: Ralph Henrv, h. Mar. 7, 1884; d. George Williams, b. Nov. 6. 1J85. 

May 10. 1885. ' 


1. LIEUT. SAMl^EL SMITH, with his wife. Elizabeth, 
and four ch. — Samuel, a. nine years; Elizabeth, seven; Mary, four; 
and Philip, one year — sailed in the Elizabeth of Ipswich for New 
England. April 30, 1634. He and his wife were then called 32 years 


of age. He came from Wethersfield, Conn., to Had., where he held 
important offices in chh. and state. He is supposed to have d. in 
1680, a. 78. His wife, Elizabeth, d. Mar. 16, 1686, a. 84. 

Ch.: Samuel, b. abt. 1625: m. Eliza- Philip, b. abt. 1633 ; m. Rebecca Foote. 

beth Smith. Chileab, b. abt. 1635; m. Hannah 

Elizabeth, b. abt. 1627; m. (1) Na- Hitchcock. 

thaniel Foote; m. (2) William Gull. John, b. abt. 1637; m. Mary Partridge. 
Mary, b. abt. 1630; m. John Graves. 

1^2. John, s. of Lieut. Samuel (1), was slain by Indians in Hat. 
Jileadow, May 30, 1676. He m. Nov. 12, 1663, Mary, dau. of 
William Partridge. She d. May 20, 1683, having m. (2) Peter 

Ch.: John, b. May 15, 1665; d. Jan. Waite. 

20, 1724. Benjamin, b. 1673; sett, in Wethers- 
Samuel, b. Dec. 7, 1667; k. by falling field. Conn. 

from a horse, June 19, 1681. Marah, b. 1677; m. John Day, Mar. 

Joseph, b. Nov. 16, 1670; m. Canada 10, 1696. 


3\ Joseph, s. of John (2), was b. in Nov., 1670; m. Canada 
'Site, Dec. 15, 16%; d. Feb. 6, 1752, a. 81. She was b. in captivity 
Jan. 22, 1678, and d. in Hat., May 5, 1749, a. 72. 

Ch.: Mary, b. Sept. 24, 1697; m. Smith. 

Joseph Field. Esther, b. June 2, 1710; m. Jonathan 

Martha, b. Oct. 19, 1699; m. Thomas Field. 

Nash. .Anna, b. July 22, 1712; m. Moses 

Benjamin, b. Nov. 17, 1701 ; slain Dickinson. 

June 18, 1724 Samuel, b. 1715. 

John, b. Dec. 26, 1703; d. abt. middle Eleanor, b. Dec. 9, 1717; m. Jonathan 

of July, 1705. Morton. 

Sarah, b. Oct. 14, 1707; m. Elisha Joseph, b. Nov. 21, 1720. 

/42 Lieut. Samuel, s. of Joseph (3), was b. in 1715 ; d. July 20, 
1/B/, of an apoplectic fit brought on by overwork on a very hot day 
while in the hay field, a. 52. He m. Mary Morton, dau. of Jonathan 
Morton of Hat. She was b. Sept. 29, 1727, and d. Jan. 11, 1807, a. 
80. She was appointed guardian of her six sons then living, Oct. 6, 
1767, Oliver at that time being one and one half years old. The 
distribution of the estate was in 1780 in equal shares. 

Ch.: Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1750; d. Oct. White, Jan. 26, 1779. 

23. 1750. Joseph, b. Nov. 7, 1758; m. Lois 

Samuel, b. Apr. 16, 1752; m. Sarah White, Feb. 19, 1789. 

White, Mar. 24, 1780. He d. Oct. Rufus, b. Sept. 13, 1761 ; m. Lavinia 

26, 1834. Bangs, May 5, 1785. He d. Dec. 

Benjamin, b. Apr. 9, 1754: m. (1) 24, 1841. 

Lucy Morton, Aug. 2, 1776; m. (2) Oliver, b. Jan. 20, 1766; unm. ; d. Dec. 

Lois Warner, Feb. 16, 1791. He d. 22, 1845. He founded the Smith 

Apr. 21, 1841. Charities. His estate was invento- 

Elijah, b. Nov. 7, 1756; m. Lucy ried Mar. 2, 1847, at $391,561.77. 

5, Lieut. S.xmuel, s. of Lieut. Samuel (4). wias b. Apr. 16, 
1752; m. Mar. 24, 1780, Sarah, dau. of Daniel White of Hat. She 
d. Dec. 7, 1843, a. 88. He was commissioned 2d lieutenant by 
John Hancock, governor, and served in the war of the Revolution. 
He d. in Hat., Oct. 26, 1834, a. 83. 


Ch.: Sarah, b. Dec. 23, 1780; unm. ; 1853, a. 65. 

d. Jan. 31, 1864, a. 83. Samuel, b. Dec. 20, 1792; unm.; d. 

Clarissa, b. Aug. 16, 1783; unm.; d. Apr. 22, 1876, a. 83. 

June 18, 1861, a. 78. Asenath, b. Apr. 19, 1794; unm.; d. 

Fanny, b. June 17, 1787; m. William Apr. 5, 1878, a. 83. 

Dickinson of Hat. He d. in Hat., William, b. Sept. 5, 1797 ; d. Sept 26, 

Dec. 29, 1870, a. 87. She d. Feb. 21, 1798. 

6. Benjamin, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Apr. 9, 1754; m. (1) 
Lucy Morton, Jan., 1777. She d. Jan. 13, 1777. He m. (2) Lois 
Warner, Feb. 16, 1791. She d. Feb. 3, 1844. He d. in Hat, Apr. 
21, 1841. Lived on the William Allis allotment. 

Ch.: Chester, b. Nov. 19, 1796; d. 1824, Judge Samuel F. Lyman of 

Oct. 5, 1798. Nhn. She d. Nov. 7, 1871. He d 

Almira, b. July 29, 1799; m. Nov. 27, Jan. 3, 1876. 

7. Elijah, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Nov. 7, 1756; m. Jan. 26, 
1779, Lucy, dau. of Daniel White of Hat. She was b. Aug. 23, 
1757. and d. June 9. 1839. He d. in Hat, Nov. 30, 1829. He lived 
on the Eleazer Frary allotment. 

Ch.: Charles, b. Feb. 21, 1782; d. Morton. She d. Mar. 15, 1875, a. 

Dec. 1, 1786. 83. He d. June 15, 1857, a. 70. 

y Erastus, b. Jan. 14, 1784; d. Jan. 4, Lucy, b. Apr. 28, 1789; unm.; d. Apr. 

1858. 15, 1864. 

Marv. Elijah, b. Aug. 7, 1791 ; unm.; d. Sept 

Charles, b. Jan. 17, 1787; m. Orethea 3. 1826. 

8. Joseph, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Nov. 7, 1758; m. Feb. 19, 
1789. Lois White, dau. of Lieut. Elihu White of Hat. She was 
b. Oct. 14. 1769; d. Oct. 10. 1829. He d. Jan. 2, 1836. Lived on 
the Xathaniel Dickin.son, Jr., allotment. 

Ch.: .\ustin. b. Oct. 8, 1790: d. in June 12, 1870. Estate valued at 

New York. Mar. 8, 1861. Always $499,144.54. She endowed Smith 

^ lived in Hat. and bequeathed his Academy of Hat. with $75,000 and 

^ large estate of about $450,000 to his also with most of the balance en- 

sistcr Sophia. dowed Smith College of Nhn. 

Joseph, h. .Apr. 1. 1792: m. Jan. 28, Harriet, b. Apr. 11, 1800; unm,; d. 

1823. Hannah Wells; d. Oct. 25, Sept. 7, 1859. 

1861. Miranda, b. Feb. 12, 1803; unm.: d. 

Elihu White, b. Apr. 11. 1794; unm.; Sept. 11, 1831. 

(1. Aug. 17, 1829. Louisa, b. Nov. 22. 1805; unm.; d. 

Sophia, b. Aug. 27. 1796; unm.: d. June 20, 1828. 

9. LiKi'T. RiFU.^, s. of Samuel (4), was b. Sept. 13, 1761; m. 
^Nlav 5. 1785. Lavinia Banc^.s. He lived on the John Allis allotment 
and d. in Hat., Dec. 24. 1841. 

Ch.: John. b. Feb. 27, 1786: d. May 22. 1842. a. 58. 

10. Ch.\rij:s. s. of Elijah (7). was b. Jan. 17. 1787; m. Orethea 
^lorton. Lived on the John Coleman allotment. He d. in Hat., 
Tune 15. 1857, a. 70. 

Ch.: Cliarlos, b. Aug. 8. 1818. a. 21. 

Cathnriiio. 1). 1823: il. Aug. 20. 1844, 

11. Almir.x, dan. of Benjamin (6), was b. Jidy 29, 1799; ni. 
AV>\'. 27. 1824. Samuel F. Lyman of Nhn., who was judge of Probate 


Court for Hampshire County. He d. Jan. 3, 1876. She d. Nov. 7, 

Ch.: Elizabeth Lyman, b. Apr. 10, 1834; d. in Nhn., 1836. 

1828; lived in Nhn. and d. Dec. 29, Benjamin Smith Lyman, b. Dec. 11, 
1881. 1835; lives in Philadelphia, Penn. 

Jane Fowler Lyman, b. Aug. 28, 1830 ; Mary Lyman, b. Aug. 10, 1837 ; lives 
lives in New York city. in Pittsburg, Penn. 

Harriet Willard Lyman, b. Apr. 3, 

12. J<)HN\ s. of Rufus (9), was b. Feb. 27, 1786; lived in Hat.; 
m. Oct. 6, 1806, Sophia, dau. of Lieut. Lemuel Dickinson. She was 
b. Oct. 5, 1787. He d. May 22, 1844, a. 58. 

Ch.: Rufus. b. Aug. 4, 1807. Sophia Dickinson, b. Aug. 20, 1818. 

Marv Dickinson, b. July 5, 1809; d. Lemuel Dickinson and Lydia Daven- 

May 13. 1810. port, twins, b. Nov. 29, 1820. 

Mary Dickinson, b. Apr. 11, 1811. John Woodbridge, b. June 29, 1826. 

Lavinia, b. Dec. 17, 1813. 

13. Charles, s. of Charles (10), w^as b. in Hat., Aug. 8, 1818; 
m. in Salem, Dec. 6, 1849, Caroline L. Sprague, who was b. in Salem, 
June 21, 1827. He was a graduate of Amh. College, class of 1841, 
and Andover Theological Seminary, class of 1845 ; held pastorates 
at Warren, Shawmut Ave. (Boston), and 17 years at Andover: was 
representative to General Court from Andover for four years, 1882, 
1883, 1885, and 1887. He d. in Andover, Oct. 27, 1887. 

Ch.: Edwin Bartlett, b. in Warren, 27, 1853. 

Feb. 27, 1851. Caroline Reed, b. in Boston. Sept. 30. 

Charles Sprague, b. in Andover, Apr. 1857; resides in New York city. 

14. Edwix Bartlett, s. of Charles (13), was b. Feb. 27, 1851 ; 
m. June 27, 1883, Alice W. Noyes of Faribault, Minn. She was b. 
in Hart., May 2, 1863. They reside in Chicago, 111. 

Ch.: Noycs Bartlett, b. in Andover, May 8, 1884. 

15. Ch.\rles Sprague, s. of Charles (13), was b. Apr. 27, 1853 ; 
was graduate of Amh. College, class of 1874; m. Nov. 11. 1884, 
Lsabella J. Dwight of Clinton, N. Y. She was b." Nov. 11, 1861. 
Thev reside in New York citv. 

Ch.: Hilda Sprague, b. in New York, Sept. 18. 1885. 

Mary Lvox was also a direct descendant of Lieut. Samuel Smith, 
the line being as follows : — 

1. Lieut. Samuel Smith of Hadley, as above. 

2. Chileah, s. of Lieut. Samuel (1), was b. abt. 1635; d. Mar. 
7, 1731, a. 95. He m. Ot. 2, 1661, Hannah, dau. of Luke Hitch- 
cock of Wethersfield, Conn. She d. Aug. 31, 1733, a. 88. 

3. Mary. dau. of Chileab (2), was b. Aug. 16, 1681; m. (1) 
Dec. 15. 1697, Preserved Smith, s. of Samuel Smith of Had. ; m. (2) 
Peter Montague. 


4. Chileab, s. of Mary Smith, was b. May 21, 1708; was the 
third male sett, in Ashfield ; was at the age of 80 years ordained a 
Baptist minister by his sons. He m. (1) Jan. 28, 1732, Sarah 
Moody. She d. Dec. 23, 1789, a. 87. He m. (2) Jan. 5, 1792, 
Rebecca Butler. He d. Aug. 19, 1800, a. 92. 

5. Jemima, dau. of Chileab (4), was b. Mar. 15, 1740; m. Jan. 
19, 1764, Dea. Isaac Shepard of Ashfield. He d. Mav 13, 1802, a. 
69. His wid. d. in Stockton, N. Y., Oct. 29, 1828. 

6. Jemima, dau. of Jemima (5) and Isaac Shepard, was b. Jan. 
25, 1765; m. (1) in 1784, Aaron Lyon, Jr., of Ashfield. He d. in 
1802. His wid. m. (2) Dea. Jonathan Taylor. 

7. Mary Lyon, dau. of Aaron Lyon, Jr., and Jemima (6), was 
born at Buckland, Feb. 28, 1797 ; d. at So. Had., Mar. 5, 1849. She 
was the founder of Mount Holyoke Seminary, now Mount Holyoke 


1. ELDER JOHN, s. of Richard Strong, was b. in Taunton, 
Somersetshire, Eng., in 1605, whence he rem. to London and after- 
wards to Plymouth. Having strong Puritan sympathies, he sailed 
from Plymouth to the new world Mar. 20, 1630, and sett, at Dor- 
chester. In 1635 he rem. to Hingham, and Mar. 9. 1634, he took 
the freeman's oath at Boston. Rem. shortly to Taunton, where 
he remained as late as 1645, as he was deputy to the General Court 
in Plymouth in 1641, 1643 and 1644. From Taunton he rem. to 
Windsor, Conn., and in 1659 to Nhn., where he lived for forty 
years. He had a tannery in that place, and June 13, 1663. was 
ordained elder of the church. He m. Dec, 1630, for his second 
wife, Abigail Ford, who d. July 6, 1688, a. abt. 80. He d. Apr. 14. 
1699, a. 94. 

Ch.: Thomas, b. abt. 1631 j and fif- 
teen others. 

2. Thomas, s. of John (1), was b. abt. 1631; d. Oct. 3. 1689, 
a. 58; ni. for his second wife, Oct. 10, 1671, Rachel, dau. of Dea. 
William Helton of Nhn. 

Ch.: Waitstill, h. 1677/8; and others. 

^3. W.MTSTiLL, s. of Thomas (2), was b. 1677/8; d. Nov. 13. 
1762, a. 83 ; m. Dec. 19, 1701. Sarah Janes. 

4. Dka. Waitstill. s. of Waitstill (3), was b. Jan. 18, 1703: 
d. VQh. 22. 1767; ni. Xov. 23, 1736, Esther Root. He was a fanner 
at Nhn., where he was made deacon in 1743, and later lived in 

5. Waitstill. s. of Dea. Waitstill C4), was b. Oct. 24, 1/46: 
d. Sept. 13, 1833. a. 88; m. Mar. 20, 1774, Rhoda Clark, who \va> 
1). at Xlin. He was a farmer at Southampton, and rem. in 1803 to 
Hunt in •.,'^ton. 


6. Horatio, s. of Waitstill (5), was b. Mar. 19, 1785, in South- 
ampton; d. in Hat., Aug. 5,1857; m. Jan. 31, 1815, Sarah Elwell of 
Westhampton. She d. Aug. 13, 1874. He was a drum major in 
the War of 1812 at Boston. He sett, in Hat. after the war. 

Ch.: Parmenas Lysander, b. Nov. 12, 5, 1897. 

1815. Rowena. b. Apr. 14, 1826; m. (1) 
Amariah Elwell, b. June 11, 1818. Dec. 16, 1846, Edward Phelps Bill- 
Horatio, b. June 9, 1820; d. Nov. 10, ings, who d. Nov. 6, 1848; m. (2) 

1892. May 28, 1850, Osborne W. Cleve- 

Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 12, 1823; m. Jan. land of Williamsburg. 

4, 1844, Ebenezer Dwight; d. June 

7. PaRxMenas Lysander, s. of Horatio (6), was b. Nov. 12, 
1815 ; d. Jan. 24, 1901 ; m. Sept. 16, 1840, Miranda, dan. of Thomas 
Frary of Hat. She was b. Dec. 14, 1813. and d. Feb. 9, 1890. 

Ch.: Alvin Lyman, b. Apr. 30, 1843. 28, 1881, Geo. E. Searle of East- 

John Marshall, b. May 24, 1848. hampton. 

Sarah Jane, b. Oct. 28, 1851 ; m. Dec. Harriet Maria, b. May 23, 1858. 

8. Amariah Elwell, s. of Horatio (6), was b. June 11, 1818; 
d. Oct. 22, 1884; m. Sept. 9, 1840, Lucy Stebbins of Granby. She 
d. May 28, 1891, a. 75. 

Ch. : Dwight Stebbins, b. Aug. 31, Nov. 23, 1870, Cora A. Norton : d. 

1842 ; m. Nov. 6, 1867, Lucy L at South Royalston. Oct. 18, 1887. 

Lombard of Colrain ; musician in Emily Ceressa, b. May 11, 1849; d. 

27th Regiment, M.V.M., and in the Mar. 30, 1860. 

2d Heavy Artillery; rem. to River- Erastus Seymore, b. Dec. 23, 1850; 

side, California, in 1873. m. Dec. 23, 1875, Nellie Ardell 

George Edison, b. Oct. 20, 1847 ; m. Moore ; d. Apr. 24, 1902. 

9. Dea. Alvin Lyman, s. of Parmenas L. (7), was b. Apr. 30, 
1843; m. Nov. 1, 1866, Anna B. Searle of Huntington, who was b. 
Sept. 23, 1843. He was a member of Co. K, 52d Regiment, M.V.M., 
in the Civil war. 

Ch.: Gertrude Alice, b. Aug. 26, 1867; Edson Wintbrop, b. Dec. 5, 1869. 

m. Jan. 1, 1891, Frank E. Melendv; Eugene Searle. b. Sept. 10, 1873. 

d. Apr. 13, 1897. Ch.: Roland A., Mabel Maria, b. Aug. 9, 1877. 
b. Aug. 5, 1894 ; d. May 23, 1899. 

10. John Marshall, s. of Parmenas L. (7), was b. Mav 24, 
1848; m. ri) Jan. 5, 1876, Olive Maria Bardwell of What.,' who 
d. Sept. 30, 1878: (2) Oct. 26, 1881, Eliza A. Cleaveland of 
Ashfield, who was b. June 26, 1836. 

Ch. (by Olive Bardwell) : Edith Es- Ch. (bv Eliza .\. Cleaveland) : How- 
telle, b. Aug. 8, 1876; d. Dec. 14, ard Ashlev, b. Dec. 27, 1882. 

1892. Arthur Holmes, b. Nov. 26. 1886. 

Jl, Edson Wixthrop. s. of Dea. Alvin L. (9), was b. Dec. 5, 
1869: m. Mar. 31, 1898. Hattic Maria, dau. of Henrv W. Bardwell 
of What. She d. Tan. 29, 1903. 

Ch.: Ralph Bardwell. b. Eeb. 19, 1901. 

12. EucKNK Sk.vri.e, s. of Dea. Alvin L. (9), was b. Sept. 10, 
1873; m. Dec. 11, 1901, Anna Lillian Knight of Pelham. 

Ch.: Royce Knight, b. June 15, 1905. 



1. SERGT. BENJAMIN WAITE, who is believed to be a 
brother of Richard, who was of Boston, 1634, and is known to be 
of Rhode* Island stock, was in Had. in 1663 and in Hat. in 1669. 
He was b. as early as 1640, and m. June 8, 1670, Martha, dau. of 
John Leonard of Spfd. She was b. May 15, 1649. She, together 
with her daughters Mary, Martha, and Sarah, were in 1677 carrieci 
captives to Canada, and there her daughter Canada was b. The 
captives returned to Hat. in May, 1678. Sergt. Benjamin was k. in 
a battle with the French and Indians, Mar. 1. 1704, a. 64. 

Ch.: Marv, b. Feb. 25, 1672; m. Dec. 1696, Joseph Smith; d. May 5, 1749. 

4. 1690.'Ebenezer Wells. John, b. Jan. 17, 1680. 

Martha, b. Jan. 23, 1673. Joseph, b. July 17, 1682 ; d. Jan. 21, 

Sarah, b. abt. 1675; m. (1) John 1686. 

Belden : m. (2) Nov. 25, 1726, Icha- Teremiah, b. Sept. 24, 1684. 

bod Allis. Joseph, b. Nov. 11, 1688. 
Canada, b. Jan. 22, 1678; m. Dec. 15, 

2. Jcmx, s. of Benjamin (1), was b. Jan. 17, 1680; made his 
will in 1743. which was proved July, 1744. He m. Feb. 12, 1702, 
Mary, dau. of Stephen Belding. She was b. May 20, 1685. 

Cli.: John, b. Dec. 3, 1703